CN102573582B - System and method for preparing a quantity-on-schedule beverage suitable for consumption - Google Patents

System and method for preparing a quantity-on-schedule beverage suitable for consumption Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102573582B
CN102573582B CN200980160987.0A CN200980160987A CN102573582B CN 102573582 B CN102573582 B CN 102573582B CN 200980160987 A CN200980160987 A CN 200980160987A CN 102573582 B CN102573582 B CN 102573582B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
encapsulation
beverage
lid
replaceable
fluid
Prior art date
Application number
CN200980160987.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102573582A (en
Inventor
拉尔夫·卡梅尔贝克
科内利斯·范贝根
亨德里克·科内利斯·克林
范 洛恩 安格尼塔·多罗特娅·波斯特
Original Assignee
皇家戴维艾格伯茨有限公司
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Family has litigation
Priority to EP09162929.5 priority Critical
Priority to EP09162929 priority
Application filed by 皇家戴维艾格伯茨有限公司 filed Critical 皇家戴维艾格伯茨有限公司
Priority to PCT/NL2009/050813 priority patent/WO2010137945A1/en
Publication of CN102573582A publication Critical patent/CN102573582A/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=41667368&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=CN102573582(B) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J31/00Apparatus for making beverages
    • A47J31/24Coffee-making apparatus in which hot water is passed through the filter under pressure, i.e. in which the coffee grounds are extracted under pressure
    • A47J31/34Coffee-making apparatus in which hot water is passed through the filter under pressure, i.e. in which the coffee grounds are extracted under pressure with hot water under liquid pressure
    • A47J31/36Coffee-making apparatus in which hot water is passed through the filter under pressure, i.e. in which the coffee grounds are extracted under pressure with hot water under liquid pressure with mechanical pressure-producing means
    • A47J31/3604Coffee-making apparatus in which hot water is passed through the filter under pressure, i.e. in which the coffee grounds are extracted under pressure with hot water under liquid pressure with mechanical pressure-producing means with a mechanism arranged to move the brewing chamber between loading, infusing and ejecting stations
    • A47J31/3623Cartridges being employed
    • A47J31/3628Perforating means therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J31/00Apparatus for making beverages
    • A47J31/40Beverage-making apparatus with dispensing means for adding a measured quantity of ingredients, e.g. coffee, water, sugar, cocoa, milk, tea
    • A47J31/407Beverage-making apparatus with dispensing means for adding a measured quantity of ingredients, e.g. coffee, water, sugar, cocoa, milk, tea with ingredient-containing cartridges; Cartridge-perforating means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D85/00Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials
    • B65D85/70Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for materials not otherwise provided for
    • B65D85/804Disposable containers or packages with contents which are mixed, infused or dissolved in situ, i.e. without having been previously removed from the package
    • B65D85/8043Packages adapted to allow liquid to pass through the contents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D65/00Wrappers or flexible covers; Packaging materials of special type or form
    • B65D65/38Packaging materials of special type or form
    • B65D65/46Applications of disintegrable, dissolvable or edible materials
    • B65D65/466Bio- or photodegradable packaging materials

Abstract

Exchangeable capsule (2) for preparing a predetermined quantity of beverage suitable for consumption, comprising a circumferential wall (6), a bottom (7), closing the circumferential wall at a first end (8), and a lid (9) closing the circumferential wall (6) at a second end (10) opposite the bottom, wherein the wall, the bottom and the lid enclose an inner space (11) comprising beverage ingredient for preparing the beverage, wherein the bottom comprises an entrance area (15) for supplying fluid to the ingredient, wherein the lid comprises an exit area for draining beverage from the capsule, wherein the beverage ingredient comprises at least a soluble substance, and wherein the exit area comprises an exit filter (23) that is adapted to substantially prevent non-dissolved soluble substance from leaving the capsule. The invention further relates to a system (1) for preparing a beverage comprising such a capsule and a method for preparing a beverage.

Description

System and method for preparing the beverage of the scheduled volume for being suitable to consume

Technical field

The present invention relates to be used for preparing the replaceable encapsulation of the beverage of the scheduled volume for being suitable to consume, the encapsulation is comprising circumferential Wall, close at first end the bottom of circumferential wall and the lid of circumferential wall is closed at the second end relative with bottom, wherein, Wall, bottom and lid are defined for accommodating the inner space for preparing the beverage ingredient of beverage, wherein, bottom comprising be used for The entrance area of composition supply fluid, wherein, lid includes the exit region that beverage is discharged from encapsulation.

The invention further relates to the system for being used for preparing the beverage of the scheduled volume for being suitable to consume, system comprising it is such can Change encapsulation.

Background technology

It is known on such system parenchyma.Such known system, for example, can include espresso machine and accommodate drink The closing encapsulation of material composition.System is used for being extracted under stress, wherein, beverage ingredient can include the thing for being used for preparing beverage Matter, and may be selected from coffee powder, tea and the soluble coffee for toasting.The specific type of these known systems is used to be carried using receiving Take the airtight encapsulation of product to prepare beverage.In beverage preparation, the entrance area of airtight encapsulation is pierced, therefore provides At least one entrance opening, to be flowed to the beverage ingredient supply in encapsulation inner space under stress by the entrance opening Body.Under stress internally space supply fluid can cause the pressure in the inner space of encapsulation to rise.Therefore this causes bag again The exit region of capsule is pressed on the lid piercing device existed in receptor.When exit region is pressed to into lid by enough power When on piercing device, lid piercing device causes exit region to rupture, and at least one exit opening is produced, by this open beverage Can discharge from encapsulation.Such encapsulation can accommodate the material for preparing beverage, the material selected from baking ground coffee, Tea, mixture, chocolate product of instant coffee, ground coffee and instant coffee etc..

It has been found, however, that the known encapsulation using the solvable beverage ingredient of receiving is come in the system for preparing beverage more than Cause the uncontrolled standby of beverage.Because the pressure in encapsulation increases, the exit region of airtight encapsulation is pressed on lid piercing device On.This causes the outlet side of encapsulation to rupture in uncontrolled mode, and this can cause the inferior quality of beverage, this is because when preparation Solvable beverage ingredient may not be completely dissolved when good beverage leaves encapsulation.Further, since the exit region of tear, not molten The beverage ingredient of solution can leave encapsulation together with the beverage by the beverage ingredient and fluid preparation that dissolve.This may cause to be not intended to Undissolved beverage ingredient stream prepare good beverage enter receiving container in, thus affect the quality of beverage for preparing.

The content of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is to improve said system, more specifically, at least minimizing the problems referred to above.

Therefore, according to the first aspect of the invention there is provided replaceable encapsulation, wherein, beverage ingredient includes at least soluble substance Matter, and wherein, the exit region of the lid of encapsulation includes outlet filter, can be arranged from encapsulation by this filter beverage Go out.

There is this outlet filter, the lid that can prevent encapsulation ruptures, so that the preparation of beverage is more controlled.Separately Outward, outlet filter can prevent scaling by preventing soluble substance so that undissolved form is ejected from encapsulation. Therefore it provides outlet filter can improve the quality of the beverage for preparing.Meanwhile, outlet filter is enabled to for preparing The equipment of beverage avoids the pollution of undissolved material, possibly, for preventing the exit breed bacteria in equipment, with using defending Raw method prepares beverage with soluble substance.

Preferably, outlet filter has sufficiently high tearing toughness and/or forms sufficiently low flow resistance, so as to use When using in the middle known device that encapsulation is inserted known system, encapsulation will not be torn by the lid piercing device of the equipment, And it is complete to cover holding.It has been found that the outlet filter for having sufficiently high tearing toughness and/or forming sufficiently low flow resistance will not Rupture under lid piercing device.Therefore, outlet filter constitutes optionally unified exit region, by exit region so that system The beverage got ready can be discharged from encapsulation.This provides the advantage that, with by pierce through cap-shaped into exit opening situation compared with, Beverage can leave encapsulation by bigger region, while so that occurring preferred fluid path in the soluble substance in encapsulation Risk minimization.This provides the advantage that can dissolve the maximum amount of solvable beverage ingredient, the quality for thus increasing beverage is gone forward side by side One step prevents undissolved material from leaving encapsulation.In addition, be covered that piercing device pierces through and keep that complete encapsulation provides is excellent Point is the size of the exit opening in the predetermined hole and/or outlet filter of the exit opening for defining outlet filter and distribution Keep complete, so that the size of exit opening and distribution will not depend on machine as example by piercing through to form exit opening Meeting.Furthermore, it has been found that provide outlet filter decrease the beverage ingredient not molten when encapsulation is removed from equipment from The risk spilt in encapsulation.It should be noted that known device is included at least for supporting connecing for the optional encapsulation of for example airtight encapsulation Device is received, and the entrance area for passing under pressure through encapsulation supplies fluid as a certain amount of such as water to optional encapsulation Fluid distributing apparatuss, wherein, receptor comprising be used for when fluid and beverage of the exit region in encapsulation pressure act on The lid piercing device of optional encapsulation exit region is pierced through when being fully pressed on lid piercing device down, is gone out to produce at least one Mouth opening, beverage can be discharged by exit opening from optional encapsulation.It should further be appreciated that known system is comprising known Equipment and optional encapsulation, such as airtight encapsulation.

In other descriptions of the present invention, outlet filter can include porous layer, such as filter paper material layer or non- Layer of web material, such as comprising polymer fiber, or perforated layer, such as carry the polymeric membrane of multiple exit openings.Outlet filter It can also be multi-bed filter.

The hole and/or opening foot for the beverage for preparing leaves encapsulation under controllable mode that such layer is provided It is enough big but also sufficiently small for preventing not molten beverage ingredient from leaving encapsulation.Then provides when using filter paper The outlet filter of low cost.In addition, the parameter of filter paper, such as density, thickness and/or PE contents can be easily chosen, Come the outlet filter for providing with sufficiently high tearing toughness and/or forming sufficiently low flow resistance.

According to other aspects of the invention, soluble substance can be at least instant chocolate powder, instant coffee powder, instant milk Powder, instant spice powder (such as mocha, Semen Armeniacae Amarum powder (amaretto)), and the one kind in similar soluble substance.It is also possible to drink Material composition is also included and can extract as toasting ground coffee composition.By providing the bag equipped with least one composition Capsule, it is not necessary to spend much time to think that each user prepares the beverage of required species.Species needed for only need to accommodating The encapsulation of beverage ingredient is placed in equipment, and equipment just provides required beverage.Encapsulation is applied to and passes through under high pressure to encapsulation The hot water of supply scheduled volume is so that solvable beverage ingredient is dissolved in supplied hot water to prepare the beverage of scheduled volume.Example Such as, replaceable encapsulation accommodates the beverage ingredient of scheduled volume, such as 4-8 gram (being preferably close to 5 grams) solvable beverage ingredient, thus It is suitable to and for preparing the beverage of single part, it is therefore preferable to one cup beverage, the beverage that for example 30-200 milliliters are prepared.Cause This, replaceable encapsulation is single part encapsulation.Between the replacing of encapsulation, i.e., after beverage is prepared, equipment was not needed Clean more, because outlet filter prevents the pollution as foregoing undissolved material to equipment.

Therefore, according to other aspects of the invention, if entrance area includes inlet filter, such as scraps of paper etc. are non-knits Porous chipses as thing material, or the perforated sheet (e.g., polymeric membrane) with multiple entrance openings, with by inlet filter to Extractable product provides fluid.By providing inlet filter and outlet filter to encapsulation.Encapsulation is also without in bottom quilt Pierce through, thus further reduce for example, not molten beverage ingredient leaves the risk of encapsulation when encapsulation is removed from equipment, by This further prevents the pollution to equipment.In addition, this provide the advantage that in encapsulation beverage ingredient on there is preferred stream The risk in body path is decreased so that and preferably dissolve beverage ingredient, and there is provided the more preferable beverage of quality.According to this In the embodiment of bright system, inlet filter extends substantially on all surfaces of the bottom of encapsulation, thus provides Advantage is on the basic whole cross section for can supply fluid to inner space.So, soluble substance is fairly evenly soaked And make soluble substance obtain maximum dissolving.

In the other embodiment of the present invention, can be used for producing vortex either whirlpool or other are non-to encapsulation offer The disturbance part of laminar flow.By providing such disturbance stream in encapsulation, with more and preferably dissolve soluble substance, and can make The undissolved substance remained in encapsulation.Disturbance part for example can be comprising the outlet that encapsulation is extended to from the import of encapsulation Tree structure.The branch of tree structure can be arranged to for producing vortex either whirlpool or other non-laminar flows in encapsulation. Disturbance part can for example include " labyrinth " the shape structure for the upstream section for being arranged in outlet layer, to prevent the accumulation of soluble substance And/or the mixing and dissolving of improvement material.Disturbance part can also for example include bar structure.In addition, disturbance part can be spiral shell Rotation structure and/or blade construction, to be for example used for forming whirlpool in the stream inside encapsulation to promote the dissolving of soluble substance.Can Selection of land and/or additionally, soluble substance can mix to promote the dissolving of soluble substance with coffee grain.

Preferably, part is disturbed including at least the axial structure member for being approximately transverse to encapsulation, and/or edge is approximately transverse to The axially direction (such as radially or circumferential) of encapsulation causes the structure member of velocity component, to cause the disturbance of stream.Example Such as, blade can substantially two dimension and can arrange axially upwards in one direction and another direction with radially Direction is at an angle.In addition, the grid comprising for example horizontal grizzly bar can be arranged to it is substantially parallel with such as outlet layer.Horizontal grid Bar at least partly can be arranged to and radially angled direction, be thus at least transverse to and axially cause velocity component and thus Disturbance stream.Various modifications and combination are possible.

In other embodiments of the present invention, beverage ingredient can be at least partly compacted into briquetting, the pressure of briquetting Beverage ingredient is set substantially to be dissolved in fluid supply process in fact.This provide the advantage that remain in encapsulation it is undissolved The risk of beverage ingredient is minimized.In addition, occurring the situation of preferred flow paths in the solvable beverage ingredient briquetting of compacting It is reduced, thus further increases the dissolution rate of the beverage ingredient in fluid supply process.By providing pressure into encapsulation The beverage ingredient of real briquette form so that the making of encapsulation becomes to be easy to.Other descriptions of encapsulation of the invention, encapsulation Also multiple briquettings can be included, wherein, each briquetting is, for example, different beverage ingredients.By providing different in different briquettings Beverage ingredient, the different types of encapsulation for preparing different type beverage can be easily manufactured.It is also possible to pressure Block possesses mutually different compactness.Multiple briquettings can be separated by such as permeable membrane and/or layer.Alternatively and/or Additionally, the seperation film and/or layer between briquetting itself is solvable, for example, different from the rate of dissolution of briquetting Rate of dissolution under dissolved.The compactness of such as each briquetting is possible to by from the bottom of encapsulation to the increase of the direction of lid. So, the time for being used for soaking completely needed for briquetting on the direction of lid from bottom also needs to increase, it is ensured that be in more when soaking The briquetting of each upstream is suitably soaked during the briquetting in downstream, thus, the solvable beverage ingredient of whole amount is provided Highly uniform moistening, thus, promotes the dissolving of the beverage ingredient in fluid supply process.

In embodiments of the present invention, encapsulation can be arranged in different compartments, wherein, for example each compartment holds Receive different soluble substances.In addition, each compartment can include the disturbance part for being used for improving soluble substance dissolved.Can be by compartment cloth Be set to it is circumferentially adjacent to each other or be arranged to it is adjacent to each other vertically, for example so that the soluble substance in upstream compartment is under Dissolve before soluble substance dissolved in trip compartment.Various modifications and combination are possible.

Other embodiment of the invention, if the whole inner space of encapsulation is by least one beverage ingredient institute Occupy, so that the making of encapsulation needs minimal amount of material, thus reducing the holistic cost of encapsulation, this is favourable. In addition, this is provided the advantage that when fluid flows through encapsulation, soluble substance can not be moved in the inner space of encapsulation, thus be dropped The low risk that preferred fluid flow path is formed through material.

In other favourable descriptions of the present invention, the circumferential wall of encapsulation can be substantially rigidity (rigid, hard).This Provide the advantage that, being encapsulated in using before to deform, thus encapsulation can adapt to receptor without any problem.In addition, Little texturing machine can be favourable, because because the presence of this deformation is without beverage ingredient unexpectedly to be spilt encapsulation, by This prevents the beverage that one glass of poor quality is prepared using the encapsulation of this deformation.

In a specific embodiment of the present invention, encapsulation additionally comprises cover seal and sealed bottom, and the two are close Seal as at least partly removedly connection lid and bottom respectively, with using being front respectively intended to seal outlet filter and to enter Make a slip of the tongue filter.Therefore, it can prevent air from entering internal empty by inlet filter and outlet filter before using encapsulation Between, improve the shelf-life of the product in encapsulation.In addition, also preventing moisture in the inside that encapsulation is advanced into using encapsulation.Water Dividing can cause the caking of solvable beverage ingredient, thereby increase the undissolved risk of beverage ingredient, prepare according to required method But the beverage of poor quality is caused.

The invention additionally relates to the method using such replaceable encapsulation to prepare beverage.

Description of the drawings

Now by further by but be not limited to describe the present invention with reference to the example in figure, wherein

Fig. 1 illustrates system according to the first embodiment of the invention for preparing beverage;

Fig. 2 is the second embodiment for illustrating the system according to the present invention;

Fig. 3 illustrates the partial cross-sectional view of encapsulation of the invention;

Fig. 4 illustrates the cross-sectional view of the second embodiment of encapsulation of the invention;

Fig. 5 illustrates the cross-sectional view of the 3rd embodiment of encapsulation of the invention;

Fig. 6 illustrates the cross-sectional view of the 4th embodiment of encapsulation of the invention;And

Fig. 7 illustrates the cross-sectional view of the 5th embodiment of the encapsulation of the present invention.

It should be noted that the part of identical or correlation is indicated using identical or related reference number in different accompanying drawings.

Specific embodiment

Fig. 1 shows the first embodiment of the system according to the present invention 1, for using comprising at least one soluble substance The beverage ingredient of matter prepares the system 1 of the predetermined amount of beverage for being suitable to consume.System 1 includes replaceable encapsulation 2 and equipment 3.If Standby 3 include the receptor 4 for supporting replaceable encapsulation 2.In this example, the shape of receptor 4 is mutual with the shape of encapsulation Mend.In FIG, in order to clear, a seam is decorated between encapsulation 2 and receptor 4.It should be understood that in use, encapsulation 2 Can contact with receptor 4.Equipment 3 comprise in addition under stress to replaceable encapsulation 2 supply it is a certain amount of for example The fluid distributing apparatuss 5 of the fluid of water.

In system 1 shown in FIG, replaceable encapsulation 2 includes circumferential wall 6, the circumferential wall 6 of closing at first end 8 Bottom 7 and it is used for closing the lid 9 of circumferential wall 6 at the second end 10 relative with bottom 7.Circumferential wall 6, bottom 7 and lid 9 Receiving soluble substance is surrounded (such as instant chocolate powder, instant coffee powder, instant-dissolved milk powder, instant spice powder (such as mocha, Semen Armeniacae Amarum) Deng) inner space 11.In the other embodiment of encapsulation of the invention 2, encapsulation 2 can in addition accommodate extractable composition For example toast ground coffee.Such encapsulation 2 can be for for example preparing coffee with milk, with for example fragrant together with the content of combination The coffee of the spice of grass or coffee or similar beverage with sugar.The advantage of so encapsulation 2 of combination is user in system Before standby beverage little time can be spent just to pick out correct encapsulation 2 prepare required beverage.In this example, Replaceable encapsulation 2 includes a certain amount of soluble substance, for example, between 4-8 gram, is preferably close to 7 grams, it is adaptable to prepare single portion Point beverage, preferably one cup beverage, such as 30-200 milliliters prepare beverage.Therefore replaceable encapsulation 2 is single part envelope Dress.System 1 includes the bottom piercing device 12 for piercing through encapsulation 2.Fig. 1 shows that bottom piercing device 12 is in extension bit Put, in bottom 7 (more particularly at the entrance area of bottom 7) formed entrance opening 13.By entrance opening 13, the soluble substance in inner space 11 that encapsulation 2 can be supplied the fluid under the pressure of substantially near 4-20 bars.Piercing device 12 may include bore 14, and by bore, the fluid from fluid distributing apparatuss 5 can be provided to soluble substance.

According to an aspect of the present invention, the system 1 shown in Fig. 1 includes lid piercing device 22, for piercing through prior art The exit opening of lower encapsulation, the encapsulation is the airtight encapsulation comprising lid, and the lid is applied to the fluid in encapsulation and is provided Encapsulation internal pressure in the presence of torn by bottom piercing device.According to the present invention, the lid 9 of encapsulation 2 includes egress filtering Device 23, by this filter, beverage can be discharged from encapsulation 2.Arrangement outlet filter 23 is sufficiently high anti-possess it Tearing strength tears so as to not be covered piercing device 22 in the presence of the internal pressure of encapsulation 2.Alternatively, or additionally, go out Filter 23 make a slip of the tongue for the beverage for leaving encapsulation 2 defines sufficiently low flow resistance, thus without with enough power by egress filtering Device 23 is pressed on lid piercing device 22 and pierces through its covered piercing device, and it is complete to cover holding.Therefore, outlet filter 23 Lid piercing device 22 is adapted to, so that encapsulation 2 is not covered in use, and piercing device 22 is pierced through and lid 9 keeps complete.More one As, outlet filter 23 adapts to lid piercing device 22, so that encapsulation 2 will not be covered in use the institute of piercing device 22 Pierce through and lid 9 keeps complete.

In the example of Fig. 1, constitute encapsulation 2 exit region outlet filter 23 by such as filter paper porous chipses Constitute, beverage (such as coffee) is discharged by outlet filter 23 from encapsulation.In this example, whole lid 9 is constituted out Make a slip of the tongue filter 23.In this example of Fig. 1, encapsulation 2 is included in the edge 24 stretched out at the second end 10, wherein, lid 9 leads to Cross glued, welding or similar approach is attached to the edge 24 for stretching out.Therefore, in this example, outlet filter 23, For example, porous chipses, are attached to the edge 24 for stretching out.During or after beverage is for example prepared, or moving from equipment 3 During used encapsulation 2, outlet filter 23 prevents undissolved beverage ingredient to leave from encapsulation 2, thus prevents Pollution to equipment 3, also prevents the undesirable caking of undissolved material S to enter together with the beverage for preparing simultaneously in addition Enter container (see Fig. 3).

In one embodiment (not shown), can provide disturbance part to improve the dissolving of material and cause residual to encapsulation Undissolved material in encapsulation is minimized.Disturbance part can be, for example, helical structure either blade construction or tree structure Either labyrinth type structure or structure that other are disturbed to the stream in encapsulation.

In this example, outlet filter 23 defines substantially continuous fluid and penetrates piece, piece substantially across Whole second open end 10 of encapsulation 2.Therefore, fluid can be discharged on very big region from encapsulation 2.Therefore, it can reality Existing uniform outflow of the beverage from soluble substance product.Thus, greatly reduce fluid and flow through preferred path through extractable product Risk.

Usually, according to the present invention, outlet can be chosen such that to the parameter of the outlet filter 23 of the encapsulation of system 1 Filter 23 will not rupture or split, for example its there is sufficiently high tearing toughness and/or formed sufficiently low flow resistance so as to It is not torn or splits.It should be understood that lid 9 and outlet filter 23 may deform in the presence of lid piercing device 22, but Will not rupture or be torn.When outlet filter 23 is made up of such as filter paper, can be easily (such as close to the parameter of filter paper Degree, thickness and polymerized ethylene content) selected with provide possess enough tearing toughnesss it is good/or form sufficiently low flow resistance Outlet filter.Outlet filter can be such as multi-bed filter.Alternatively, when outlet filter 23 is by for example carrying The polymeric membrane of multiple exit openings is constituted, can easily to parameter (such as number of density, thickness, exit opening of polymer foil Amount, the dimension and shape of exit opening) selected to possess enough tearing toughness and/or formed sufficiently low to provide The lid 9 of flow resistance, and while can be used to prevent undissolved material from discharging encapsulation 2.

In the example of Fig. 1, the lid piercing device 22 of displaying possesses sharp sawtooth point for piercing through lid 9.It should be understood that It is that alternatively, lid piercing device 22 can carry blunt puncture face, for example, as shown in the dotted line in Fig. 2.In such enforcement In mode, when for example lid includes aluminium foil, the prior art encapsulation mentioned can be torn with blunt piercing device 22 to it.Root According to the present invention, can be chosen such that outlet filter 23 possesses foot to the parameter of the outlet filter 23 of the encapsulation 2 of system 1 Enough high tearing toughnesss are good/or sufficiently low flow resistance is formed so that being not punctured or tearing.It should be understood that when lid is pierced through When device 22 is blunt, the parameter of outlet filter 23 can be selected to be adapted to these blunt puncture faces.When piercing device 22 When being blunt, outlet filter 23 can be thin such as when lid piercing device is sharp with ratio, while ensureing egress filtering Device 23 possesses sufficiently high tearing toughness and/or forms sufficiently low flow resistance so that being not punctured or tearing.

System 1 prepares a cup of Java according to operating as described below, wherein, soluble substance is instant coffee powder.Will Encapsulation 2 is placed within receptor 4.Bottom piercing device 12 is actuated to pierce through the bottom 7 of encapsulation 2 to form entrance opening 13.Fluid (being here hot water) is supplied into inner space 11 by entrance opening 13 instant coffee powder under stress.This A little water will soak instant coffee powder and substantially solubilized coffee powder is to form the coffee beverage.Under stress by these water supplies To inner space 11, the internal pressure of encapsulation 2 will rise.When pressure reaches predeterminated level, coffee beverage will be logical Encapsulation 2 is discharged in the outlet 26 of the aperture and receptor 4 of crossing outlet filter 23, and can be supplied to for example that cup is not ( Show) as in container.

In Fig. 2, the second embodiment of the system according to the present invention 1 of displaying, its substantially with Fig. 1 in describe system Similarly operate.In order to clear, the different part of the system 1 for showing and describing from Fig. 1 is only described in detail here.In Fig. 2 In in shown system, piercing device 12 includes bore 14, and by bore the inner space of receptor 4 can be supplied the fluid to In 44.Fluid (being here hot water) enters the inner space of encapsulation 2 in the case where the pressure of 4 bars is for example more than by the stream of inlet filter 16 11, to dissolve desired substance from solvable beverage ingredient (in this example be of about 4 to 8 grams of instant coffee) is inner, for making One cup beverage in standby example, is coffee here.

Therefore, more generally, in the example of Fig. 2, bottom 7 includes entrance area 15, and entrance area is by inlet filter 16 are constituted, and system 1 is arranged so that fluid distributing apparatuss 5 are fluidly connected with entrance area 15, can for supplying the fluid to Molten product is sentenced and prepares beverage.

According to the present invention, there is certain distance the present position of inlet filter 16 with bottom piercing device 12, so as to work as make bottom When portion's piercing device 12 is in extended position (as shown in Figure 2), encapsulation will not be pierced through by bottom piercing device 12, and bottom 7 is protected Hold complete.Therefore, height h1s of the height h2 of encapsulation 2 less than the encapsulation 2 shown in Fig. 1.For example, preparing and incited somebody to action after beverage During encapsulation 2 is removed from equipment 3, this makes undissolved material be prevented from by the situation that entrance area 15 leaves encapsulation 2 Or at least minimize.

Encapsulation 2 as shown in Figure 2, comprising circumferential wall 6 it is generally rigid.Circumferential wall can be with for example including plastics Material and can be made up of such as injection mo(u)lding, vacuum forming, thermoforming or similar approach.In the example of Fig. 2, bottom 7 are integrally formed with circumferential wall 6.In this example, inlet filter 16 is made up of the multiple entrance openings 17 in bottom 7. In this example, multiple entrance openings 17 are substantially distributed on whole bottom 7.Therefore, fluid is by multiple entrance openings 17 supply to soluble products, and this causes soluble ingredient substantially to be soaked on the whole cross section of encapsulation.Hereby it is achieved that Highly uniform fluid supply to soluble products.Therefore, also greatly reduce and fluid occur and flow through through preferred path The risk of soluble products, thus provides high dissolution rate for soluble substance.Encapsulation 2 can be biochemical degradable material, so that in drink Encapsulation 2 can be thrown away and what environment is affected without by material after having prepared.

In the example of the system 1 shown in Fig. 2, lid piercing device 22 includes ridge, and adjacent with lid 9 in use.This Planting ridge can be made up of blunt puncture face 22 shown in broken lines in Fig. 2.Ridge can for example form the part on the surface of receptor 4 At least 10%, be possibly at least 25%, the part one of the part and second open end of covering 10 of the surface region of lid 9 Cause.Therefore, in use, lid 9 surface region the second open end of covering 10 part 10%, it is therefore preferable at least 25%, ridge can support lid 9.As already noted, ridge can pierce the lid 9 of the airtight encapsulation under prior art, but, according to The parameter of the outlet filter 23 of the encapsulation 2 of the system 1 of the present invention may be selected to be makes outlet filter 23 possess sufficiently high resisting The sufficiently low flow resistance of tearing strength and/or formation is so that it is not pierced or tears.Outlet filter 23 is by including out The flexible foils of mouth opening are constituted.It should be noted that similar to the encapsulation 2 in Fig. 1, outlet filter 23 can be by as filter paper Flexible, porous piece replace constitute.It should be understood that when lid piercing device 22 includes ridge, can easily to going out to make a slip of the tongue The parameter of filter 23 is selected to be adapted to lid piercing device.

In the example of Fig. 2, the edge that ridge is included not is sharp.In this example, the bending radius at edge connects Nearly 50 microns, but other radiuses be also it is possible, such as 100,200 or 500 microns.It is equally possible that lid pierces through dress The ridge for putting 22 has convex top, and lid 9 is abutted to convex top.Therefore, when lid 9 is pressed on ridge in use, by ridge The surface region for supporting lid 9 is increased, so that the pressure that ridge is applied on lid 9 is reduced.Therefore, it is possible to letter Single method causes lid 9 not ftracture in use and/or rupture and keeps complete.

Fig. 4-7 illustrates the other embodiment of encapsulation of the invention 2, and the encapsulation 2 can be used on as in Fig. 1 and 2 In the equipment 3 of described system 1.

In the diagram, inlet filter 16 also can be made up of flexible, porous piece (such as filter paper).In this example, entrance Filter 16 is attached to the edge 25 for extending internally.In this example, inlet filter 16 is attached to the edge for extending internally 25 inner side.This causes the internal capacity of encapsulation 2 to maximize, because the thickness not comprising edge in the inner space 11 of encapsulation 2 Degree.

Outlet filter 23 in Figure 5 is made up of flexible, porous piece, and such as filter paper is similarly to Fig. 1-4.In Figure 5, Inlet filter 16 can also be made up of the flexible, porous piece as filter paper.In this example, inlet filter 16 is attached To the outside at the edge 25 for extending internally.Therefore, reduce fluid under pressure to tear into making a slip of the tongue from the edge 25 for extending internally The risk of filter 16.Possibly, inlet filter 16 is suspended from the circumferential edge of bottom 7.Therefore, it can obtain more large surface Region so that inlet filter 17 is attached to into bottom 7 and circumferential wall 6, to form stronger bonding.Enforcement of the invention Mode, can be compacted into briquetting by the beverage ingredient of the inner offer of encapsulation 2, and the compacting of briquetting makes beverage ingredient in fluid supply process In substantially dissolved.The encapsulation 2 of the embodiment according to Fig. 5 comprising multiple such compacting briquettings 30,32,34, 36, they are all deposited in the inner space 11 of encapsulation 2.Briquetting 30,32,34,36 can possess different compactnesss, so as to shadow Ring the course of dissolution of beverage ingredient so that whole beverage ingredient is dissolved preferably in beverage preparation.Separately Outward, these briquettings 30,32,34,36 possess different compactnesss, therefore its density is also different, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase towards egress filtering The flow resistance of device 23, therefore more preferable pressure rising is provided in encapsulation 2, so that soluble substance can suitably dissolve.Briquetting 30, 32nd, 34,36 density can increase according to from bottom 7 to the direction of lid 9.This is provided the advantage that relative to the higher pressure of density Block, fluid can be easier to soak low-density briquetting, thus each upstream when the downstream briquetting of water-soaked order Briquetting can obtain appropriate soaking.It is thereby achieved that the high uniformity of soluble products soaks.Although example illustrates four The individual briquetting for banking out, it should be understood that any number of briquetting can be used.

It is also possible that each briquetting 30,32,34,36 includes different beverage ingredients, such as different soluble substances Or soluble substance and the mixing that product is can extract as baking ground coffee.Each briquetting 30,32,34,36 can be across The substantially whole cross section of encapsulation 2.

Fig. 6 illustrates the other embodiment of encapsulation of the invention 2.Included according to the encapsulation 2 of this example and be equipped with The single briquetting 38 of the soluble products of compacting.Briquetting 38 is arranged near outlet filter 23.In the briquetting 38 and encapsulation 2 of compacting Between bottom 7, there is provided the soluble substance 37 of other amounts or a certain amount of extractable product.In Fig. 6, outlet filter 23 It is also to be made up of non-woven material layer.Entrance area 15 is arranged to piercing device 12 (see Fig. 1) and pierces through to form entrance opening 13。

The other embodiment of encapsulation of the invention 2 is illustrated in Fig. 7.Encapsulation 2 is equipped with compacting beverage ingredient Briquetting 40.The shape of cross section that briquetting 40 possesses enables the fluid stream in encapsulation 2 to be determined.In that case, press The exterior circumferential wall 41 of block extends to the bottom 7 of encapsulation 2 from the side of the export-oriented filter 23 of briquetting 42.Certain briquetting 40 Other (cross section) shapes also can determine that some beverages of encapsulation 2 prepare characteristics, such as fluid flow path or in fluid How solvable beverage ingredient is dissolved in supply process.

In the example of Fig. 7, the inlet filter 16 and outlet filter 23 of encapsulation 2 is substantially as shown in Figure 5.Ying Li Solution, briquetting 40 or multiple briquettings 30,32,34,36 as shown in Figure 6 can be used to combine with above-mentioned encapsulation 2 Use.

In all embodiments of Fig. 1-7, outlet filter 23 is made up of flexible sheet material.More specifically, in figure In all embodiments of 1-7, only lid 9 is made up of flexible sheet material.It has been found that usually, for example, under outlet paper tinsel Trip part and need not the supporting construction as rigid grid come support outlet paper tinsel with prevent outlet paper tinsel tear and/or rupture.

In the embodiment of Fig. 2-4 and Fig. 6-7, the flexible sheet material of inlet filter 16 is constituted.More specifically, Fig. 2- In 4 and Fig. 6-7 all embodiments, only entrance area is made up of flexible sheet material.It has been found that usually, for example, entering The downstream part of mouthful paper tinsel and need not the supporting construction as rigid grid come support entrance paper tinsel with prevent the tear of entrance paper tinsel with/ Or rupture.

In all embodiments of Fig. 1-7, outlet filter 23 defines encapsulation outermost in its axial direction Border.

It should be understood that encapsulation 2 can include any inlet filter according to any illustrated embodiment and any institute Show the combination of any outlet filter of embodiment.Although not showing, lid may include being substantially with exit opening Rigid wall.In addition, inlet filter 16 can be made up of paper tinsel as the flexible polymeric foil for for example carrying multiple exit openings.

Usually, the aperture of exit opening or porous chipses is respectively provided with such size, i.e. make the size foot in opening or hole Reach little so as to undissolved material is stayed in encapsulation 2.In addition, usually, the aperture of entrance opening 17 or porous chipses has this The size of sample, makes the size of opening or aperture 17 sufficiently small so that undissolved material is stayed in encapsulation 2.

Preferably, circumferential wall 6 is generally rigid.Therefore, encapsulation 2 is unlikely to deform when transport and process, So that the receptor 4 of the always adapting appts 3 of encapsulation 2.In addition, circumferential wall 6 is preferably resilient, so that circumferential wall 6 is appointed What possible deformation can recover after transmutative force is eliminated.In order to improve the rigidity of encapsulation 2, encapsulation can include with The integrally formed ribs of circumferential wall 6.Ribs can extend from first end 8 towards the second end 10.Alternatively, or additionally, Ribs can extend in the circumferential.When bottom 7 is integrally formed with circumferential wall 6, ribs can also be integrally formed with bottom 7.

In example, circumferential wall 6 is substantially frusto-conical shaped.It should be understood that encapsulation of the invention 2 is not limited to This shape.Circumferential wall can be, such as cylindrical, hemispherical, or polygon, such as hexagon, octagonal etc..

It should be understood that above-mentioned encapsulation 2 can also be used in the optional equipment for preparing beverage, for example, used in not There is provided bottom piercing device 12 it is good/or do not provide in the equipment of lid piercing device 22.

In aforementioned specification, invention has been described for the specific example of reference embodiments of the present invention. It may be evident, however, that can be with the premise of the broader spirit of the invention and scope illustrated without departing from claims Carry out various variants and modifications.

For example encapsulation 2 can be mounted in hermetically sealed packaging to improve the shelf-life before the use.

Bottom may include the sunk area for being used for receiving bottom piercing device, and without the need for piercing through to bottom, and be used for The volume of increase encapsulation.

In superincumbent example, outlet filter constitutes lid.Outlet filter is also possible to constitute the part of lid.Gai Ke Think for example partially porous and/or chadless.

In superincumbent example, inlet filter constitutes bottom.Inlet filter is also possible to constitute the part of bottom. Bottom can be for example partially porous and/or chadless.

Preferably, replaceable encapsulation can be after a single use what is lost.

However, other modifications, modification and replacement are also possible that.Description, accompanying drawing and example also thus should be by Regard the descriptive and unrestriced meaning as.

In claim, the reference marker in round parentheses is not to be seen as limitations on claims.Word " bag Containing " be not precluded from existing claim and list outer other characteristics or step.In addition, word " one " is not construed as limitation In " only one of which ", and apply to represent " at least one ", and be not excluded for multiple.Illustrate in mutually different claim Some means are not meant to that the combination of these means can not produce good effect.

Claims (18)

1. a kind of system for preparing the beverage of the scheduled volume for being suitable to consume, the system includes:
Replaceable encapsulation, the replaceable encapsulation includes circumferential wall, closes at first end the bottom of the circumferential wall, Yi Ji The lid of the circumferential wall is closed at the second end relative with bottom,
Wherein, wall, bottom and lid define the inner space for accommodating the beverage ingredient for preparing beverage,
Wherein, the bottom includes for the entrance area to composition supply fluid, wherein, the lid is included for arranging from encapsulation Go out the exit region of beverage,
Wherein, beverage ingredient includes at least one soluble substance, and
One equipment, the equipment includes the receptor for keeping replaceable encapsulation, and under stress via encapsulation Entrance area supplies the fluid distributing apparatuss of a certain amount of fluid to replaceable encapsulation, wherein, the exit region of encapsulation is applied to It is engaged with the outlet of receptor and beverage is discharged in container from encapsulation, wherein, the receptor includes that lid pierces through dress Put, for exit region under acting on when the pressure of the fluid in airtight encapsulation and/or beverage the lid thorn is fully pressed on The exit region of the airtight encapsulation is pierced through when on penetrating device, to form at least one exit opening, beverage can pass through described Exit opening is discharged,
Wherein, the exit region of the replaceable encapsulation includes being left suitable for being essentially prevented undissolved soluble substance The outlet filter of the replaceable encapsulation, the outlet filter constitutes the exit region, and
Wherein, the outlet filter is made up of the perforated flexible layers of foil for being provided with multiple exit openings, and described goes out to make a slip of the tongue Filter has tearing toughness so that in use will not be by when the layer is compressed by the lid piercing device of the equipment Pierce through or tear and cause lid to keep complete.
2. system according to claim 1, wherein the replaceable encapsulation be further provided with it is described solvable for promoting The disturbance part of the dissolving of material.
3. system according to claim 1, wherein, the soluble substance is instant chocolate powder, and instant coffee powder is instant Milk powder, at least one in instant spice powder.
4. system according to claim 3, wherein, beverage ingredient is also comprising extractable composition.
5. system according to claim 1, wherein, the entrance area includes inlet filter or perforated sheet, passes through The inlet filter or the perforated sheet are to extractable product-feed fluid.
6. system according to claim 1, wherein, at least part of beverage ingredient is compacted into briquetting, and the compacting of briquetting makes Beverage ingredient is substantially solubilized in fluid supply process.
7. system according to claim 1, wherein, the replaceable encapsulation includes multiple briquettings.
8. system according to claim 1, wherein, whole inner space is occupied by least one beverage ingredient.
9. system according to claim 1, wherein, the circumferential wall is substantially rigid.
10. system according to claim 1, wherein, it is described replaceable to be encapsulated at the second end the side for including stretching out Edge, wherein the lid is attached to the edge for stretching out.
11. systems according to claim 10, wherein, the outlet filter is attached to the edge for stretching out.
12. systems according to claim 1, wherein, the outlet filter is the part of lid, wherein, outlet filter Surface is less than cap surface.
13. systems according to claim 5, wherein, the replaceable encapsulation is also included at least respectively partly removedly The connection lid and/or the cover seal and/or sealed bottom of the bottom, cover seal and sealed bottom are used for using front difference For sealing the outlet filter and/or the inlet filter.
14. systems according to claim 1, wherein, the circumferential wall is cylinder, hemispherical, truncated cone shape or polygonal Shape.
15. systems according to claim 1, wherein, the replaceable encapsulation is biodegradable.
16. systems according to claim 1, wherein, the fluid distributing apparatuss be arranged under the pressure of 4-20 bars to The replaceable encapsulation supply fluid.
A kind of 17. methods for preparing the beverage of the scheduled volume for being suitable to consume, methods described includes:
The replaceable encapsulation for accommodating beverage ingredient is provided, the replaceable encapsulation includes circumferential wall, closes described at first end The bottom of circumferential wall and the lid of the circumferential wall is closed at the second end relative with bottom, wherein, wall, bottom and lid enclose Into the inner space for accommodating beverage ingredient, wherein, the bottom is included for the entrance area to composition supply fluid, wherein, The lid of the replaceable encapsulation includes the outlet for the beverage for preparing is discharged by it from the replaceable encapsulation Layer;
One equipment is provided, the equipment include for keep replaceable encapsulation receptor, under stress to it is described can be more The fluid distributing apparatuss for changing encapsulation supply fluid and the outlet being connected with the replaceable encapsulated fluid in use, so as to The beverage for preparing is discharged and by the beverage supply to container from encapsulation, the receptor includes lid piercing device, used Exit region is fully pressed on the lid piercing device under the pressure effect of the fluid and/or beverage worked as in airtight encapsulation Pierced through when upper so the exit region of airtight encapsulation, to form at least one exit opening, beverage can be opened by the outlet Mouth is discharged, and
The fluid is supplied to the composition to prepare beverage, wherein, the composition includes at least soluble substance,
Wherein, the outlet layer is outlet filter, undissolved into separating encapsulation for preventing, and
Wherein, the outlet filter is made up of the perforated flexible layers of foil for being provided with multiple exit openings, and described goes out to make a slip of the tongue Filter has tearing toughness so that in use will not be by when the layer is compressed by the lid piercing device of the equipment Pierce through or tear and cause lid to keep complete.
18. methods according to claim 17, using the system according to any one of claim 1-16.
CN200980160987.0A 2009-06-17 2009-12-30 System and method for preparing a quantity-on-schedule beverage suitable for consumption CN102573582B (en)

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RU2566319C2 (en) 2015-10-20
RU2012101439A (en) 2013-07-27
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JP5600348B2 (en) 2014-10-01
CN102573582A (en) 2012-07-11
US20120251672A1 (en) 2012-10-04
EP2442695B1 (en) 2015-03-25
WO2010137945A1 (en) 2010-12-02
JP2012530521A (en) 2012-12-06
CA2765456A1 (en) 2010-12-02
US9161652B2 (en) 2015-10-20
PL2442695T3 (en) 2015-08-31
CA2765456C (en) 2017-01-24

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