CN102569939A - Method for recycling active substances of scrapped polar plate of storage battery - Google Patents

Method for recycling active substances of scrapped polar plate of storage battery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102569939A
CN102569939A CN2011102094442A CN201110209444A CN102569939A CN 102569939 A CN102569939 A CN 102569939A CN 2011102094442 A CN2011102094442 A CN 2011102094442A CN 201110209444 A CN201110209444 A CN 201110209444A CN 102569939 A CN102569939 A CN 102569939A
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China
Prior art keywords
active material
plate
pure water
scrapped
storage battery
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Granted
Application number
CN2011102094442A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102569939B (en
Inventor
钟满强
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Sunbright Power Co Ltd
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Sunbright Power Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201110209444.2A priority Critical patent/CN102569939B/en
Publication of CN102569939A publication Critical patent/CN102569939A/en
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Publication of CN102569939B publication Critical patent/CN102569939B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for recycling active substances of a scrapped polar plate of a storage battery. The method comprises the following steps of: 1) immersing a scrapped lead-acid storage battery polar plate by pure water; 2) knocking away the active substances of the immersed polar plate in a wet state; 3) putting the knocked active substances into a grinding machine, adding the pure water, and grinding the active substances until the active substances are paste-like; and 4) discharging the ground paste-like active substances from the grinding machine, screening in the pure water to screen out possibly mixed grid broken strips, and immersing the screened active substances for later use. By adopting the structure, lead dust is not produced, so that the health of an operator cannot be damaged, and pollution to the surrounding environment is reduced; and furthermore, the purity of the active substances is higher after some impurities are screened out, and the performance of the recycled product is higher.

Description

Storage battery is scrapped the recovery method of plate active material
Technical field
The present invention relates to the storage battery field, specifically is the recovery method that a kind of storage battery is scrapped plate active material.
Background technology
Storage battery is widely used in various fields because its raw material are easy to obtain, cheap reaching has sufficient reliability in the use.The storage battery volume is less, so the size of its pole plate is also less, all is the sheets designs that join usually more, and these a sheet of sheets that join are called grid more, and then coats lead plaster on this grid and form.In normal pole plate production process, have the positive plate about 0.3%~1% usually because divide that plate is cut partially, active material comes off, changes into bad etc. former thereby scrap.These pole plates of scrapping can be used as waste recovery usually, after perhaps the active material of pole plate being struck down again through grinding, sieving.But this method can produce a large amount of lead powder dust, can damage health of operators, simultaneously, also can pollute environment on every side.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, a kind of lead powder dust that do not produce is provided, and can not damage health of operators, also avoids polluting the recovery method of the accumulator plate active material of surrounding environment.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, storage battery of the present invention is scrapped the recovery method of plate active material, and it may further comprise the steps:
1) accumulator plate that will scrap earlier soaks with pure water;
2) active material of the pole plate after will soaking strikes under wet state down;
3) active material under will striking is again put into grinder, grinds after adding pure water, makes active material grind to form pulpous state;
4) after ground the active material of pulpous state is discharged grinder, in pure water, sieve, make the grid fault wall bar grizzl(e)y that possibly sneak into leach, the active material after the sieving soaks for use with pure water again.
In the described step 1), the accumulator plate of scrapping need soak the time more than 1 day with pure water.
In the described step 3), employed grinder comprises motor, base, urceolus, rotary main shaft and at least one cylinder, and described motor is installed in the base; Urceolus is connected on the base; One end of rotary main shaft is connected with the output shaft of motor, and rotary main shaft is positioned at urceolus, and rotary main shaft is connected with transverse slat away from an end of motor output shaft; Transverse slat is vertical with rotary main shaft, and the two ends of the cylinder adjustable connecting plate mechanism through separately respectively are connected with transverse slat; Said each adjustable connecting plate mechanism forms by upper plate and lower plate; One end of upper plate and an end of lower plate all have long lumbar hole; The other end of upper plate is connected with transverse slat; The long lumbar hole of upper plate is connected through screw with the long lumbar hole of lower plate, and an end of the other end of lower plate and cylinder is rotationally connected; The inside of described cylinder is cavity, and fine sand is housed in the cavity; Be connected with scraper through scraper arm on the described rotary main shaft, the cutter head part of scraper offsets with the inner peripheral wall of urceolus.
In the described step 3), the weight that at every turn adds the pulpous state active material that grinder grinds is 100kg~150kg, and the weight of the pure water of adding is 20kg~50kg, and the time of grinding is 1 hour.
In the described step 4), the active material after ground will sieve through 100 orders in pure water, and requires to soak active material for use with pure water thereafter and in 3 days, use up.
Carrying out active material when utilizing again, adding in 1%~3% ratio of lead powder amount at every turn, this moment, active material calculated by weight in wet base, and these active materials will add before adding lead powder.
After adopting above method, the wet type absorption method that the present invention adopts with compared with techniques is arranged, have the following advantages:, therefore, be under wet state, to operate because the active material on the accumulator plate that will scrap soaks through pure water before striking down; In addition, also be to have added pure water to grind during grinding; Therefore, in the whole recovery process, the active material of accumulator plate is in a kind of wet state all the time; So, on the one hand, the lead powder dust can be do not produced, thereby health of operators can not be damaged, reduce pollution to surrounding environment; On the other hand, after sieving went out some impurity, the purity of active material was higher, and is better by the properties of product after utilizing again.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the plan structure sketch map of employed grinder among the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the broken section structural representation of A-A direction among Fig. 1.
Wherein: 1, rotary main shaft; 2, transverse slat; 3, urceolus; 4, upper plate; 5, lower plate; 6, cavity; 7, motor; 8, cylinder; 9, base; 10, scraper arm; 11, scraper.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is done explanation in further detail.
A kind of storage battery is scrapped the recovery method of plate active material, and it may further comprise the steps:
1) accumulator plate that will scrap earlier soaks with pure water;
2) active material of the pole plate after will soaking strikes under wet state down;
3) active material under will striking is again put into grinder, grinds after adding pure water, makes active material grind to form pulpous state;
4) after ground the active material of pulpous state is discharged grinder, in pure water, sieve, make the grid fault wall bar grizzl(e)y that possibly sneak into leach, the active material after the sieving soaks for use with pure water again.
Structural representation by grinder illustrated in figures 1 and 2 can be known; In the described step 3), employed grinder comprises motor 7, base 9, urceolus 3, rotary main shaft 1 and at least one cylinder 8, and described motor 7 is installed in the base 9; Urceolus 3 is connected on the base 9; One end of rotary main shaft 1 is connected with the output shaft of motor 7, and rotary main shaft 1 is positioned at urceolus 3, and the axial two ends of described cylinder 8 are connected with the other end of rotary main shaft 1 respectively.Described rotary main shaft 1 is connected with transverse slat 2 away from an end of motor 7 output shafts, and transverse slat 2 is vertical with rotary main shaft 1, and the two ends of cylinder 8 are connected with transverse slat 2 through adjustable connecting plate mechanism respectively.
Said each adjustable connecting plate mechanism forms by upper plate 4 and lower plate 5; One end of upper plate 4 and an end of lower plate 5 all have long lumbar hole; The other end of upper plate 4 is connected with transverse slat 2; The long lumbar hole of upper plate 4 is connected through screw with the long lumbar hole of lower plate 5, and an end of the other end of lower plate 5 and cylinder 8 is rotationally connected.
The quantity of described cylinder 8 is three, along the circumferential direction evenly distributes, and correspondingly the quantity of transverse slat 2 also is three, and the quantity of correspondingly adjustable connecting plate mechanism is six.
The inside of described cylinder 8 is cavity 6, in the cavity 6 fine sand is housed, and two ends weld sealing.
Be connected with scraper 11 through scraper arm 10 on the described rotary main shaft 1, the cutter head part of scraper 11 offsets with the inner peripheral wall of urceolus 3.
In the described step 3), the weight that at every turn adds the pulpous state active material that grinder grinds is 100kg~150kg, and the weight of the pure water of adding is 20kg~50kg, and the time of grinding is 1 hour.
In the described step 4), the active material after ground will sieve through 100 orders in pure water, and requires to soak active material for use with pure water thereafter and in 3 days, use up.
Carrying out active material when utilizing again, adding in 1%~3% ratio of lead powder amount at every turn, this moment, active material calculated by weight in wet base, and these active materials will add before adding lead powder.

Claims (6)

1. a storage battery is scrapped the recovery method of plate active material, and it is characterized in that: it may further comprise the steps:
1) accumulator plate that will scrap earlier soaks with pure water;
2) active material of the pole plate after will soaking strikes under wet state down;
3) active material under will striking is again put into grinder, grinds after adding pure water, makes active material grind to form pulpous state;
4) after ground the active material of pulpous state is discharged grinder, in pure water, sieve, make the grid fault wall bar grizzl(e)y that possibly sneak into leach, the active material after the sieving soaks for use with pure water again.
2. storage battery according to claim 1 is scrapped the recovery method of plate active material, it is characterized in that: in the described step 1), the accumulator plate of scrapping need soak the time more than 1 day with pure water.
3. storage battery according to claim 1 is scrapped the recovery method of plate active material; It is characterized in that: in the described step 3); Employed grinder comprises motor (7), base (9), urceolus (3), rotary main shaft (1) and at least one cylinder (8); Described motor (7) is installed in the base (9), and urceolus (3) is connected on the base (9), and an end of rotary main shaft (1) is connected with the output shaft of motor (7); Rotary main shaft (1) is positioned at urceolus (3); Rotary main shaft (1) is connected with transverse slat (2) away from an end of motor (7) output shaft, and transverse slat (2) is vertical with rotary main shaft (1), and the two ends of cylinder (8) the adjustable connecting plate mechanism through separately respectively are connected with transverse slat (2); Said each adjustable connecting plate mechanism forms by upper plate (4) and lower plate (5); One end of one end of upper plate (4) and lower plate (5) all has long lumbar hole; The other end of upper plate (4) is connected with transverse slat (2); The long lumbar hole of upper plate (4) is connected through screw with the long lumbar hole of lower plate (5), and an end of the other end of lower plate (5) and cylinder (8) is rotationally connected; The inside of described cylinder (8) is cavity (6), and cavity is equipped with fine sand in (6); Described rotary main shaft (1) is gone up and is connected with scraper (11) through scraper arm (10), and the cutter head part of scraper (11) offsets with the inner peripheral wall of urceolus (3).
4. storage battery according to claim 1 is scrapped the recovery method of plate active material; It is characterized in that: in the described step 3); The weight of the pulpous state active material that each adding grinder grinds is 100kg~150kg; The weight of the pure water that adds is 20kg~50kg, and the time of grinding is 1 hour.
5. storage battery according to claim 1 is scrapped the recovery method of plate active material; It is characterized in that: in the described step 4); Active material after ground will sieve through 100 orders in pure water, and requires to use up in 3 days with pure water immersion active material for use thereafter.
6. storage battery according to claim 1 is scrapped the recovery method of plate active material; It is characterized in that: carrying out active material when utilizing again; Each ratio of 1%~3% by the lead powder amount is added, this moment active material by weight in wet base calculating, and these active materials will add before adding lead powder.
CN201110209444.2A 2011-07-26 2011-07-26 Method for recycling active substances of scrapped polar plate of storage battery Expired - Fee Related CN102569939B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110209444.2A CN102569939B (en) 2011-07-26 2011-07-26 Method for recycling active substances of scrapped polar plate of storage battery

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103111423A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-22 江苏超威电源有限公司 Automatic separating and recycling method of lead hanging stripes and system of the same
CN105977566A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-28 安徽新能电源科技有限公司 Technology for manufacturing high-energy battery by active substances of waste battery
CN106229451A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-14 超威电源有限公司 A kind of device removing AGM dividing plate
CN109309266A (en) * 2018-09-20 2019-02-05 广东工业大学 A kind of method and regeneration positive electrode of recycling waste lithium ion cell anode material

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1453897A (en) * 2003-05-29 2003-11-05 南开大学 Recovery method for leftover and residue of positive electrode of lithium ion battery
CN101388479A (en) * 2008-11-07 2009-03-18 莫绚宗 Renovating method for lead-acid accumulator

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1453897A (en) * 2003-05-29 2003-11-05 南开大学 Recovery method for leftover and residue of positive electrode of lithium ion battery
CN101388479A (en) * 2008-11-07 2009-03-18 莫绚宗 Renovating method for lead-acid accumulator

Non-Patent Citations (2)

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Title
《云南民族大学学报(自然科学版)》 20030731 郭蕴蘋 "报废铅酸蓄电池的回收利用研究" 184-185页 1-6 第12卷, 第3期 *
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103111423A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-22 江苏超威电源有限公司 Automatic separating and recycling method of lead hanging stripes and system of the same
CN105977566A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-28 安徽新能电源科技有限公司 Technology for manufacturing high-energy battery by active substances of waste battery
CN106229451A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-14 超威电源有限公司 A kind of device removing AGM dividing plate
CN106229451B (en) * 2016-07-26 2019-02-01 超威电源有限公司 A kind of device removing AGM partition
CN109309266A (en) * 2018-09-20 2019-02-05 广东工业大学 A kind of method and regeneration positive electrode of recycling waste lithium ion cell anode material

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