CN102563797B - Full-ventilation temperature and humidity independent control system for deeply-buried hydraulic power station underground power house - Google Patents

Full-ventilation temperature and humidity independent control system for deeply-buried hydraulic power station underground power house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102563797B
CN102563797B CN201210013874.1A CN201210013874A CN102563797B CN 102563797 B CN102563797 B CN 102563797B CN 201210013874 A CN201210013874 A CN 201210013874A CN 102563797 B CN102563797 B CN 102563797B
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air
humidity
temperature
power house
communicated
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CN102563797A (en
Inventor
杨合长
朱兴旺
袁杨寒梦
乔中均
孙玉涵
王文先
席江
闫观清
杜建伟
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Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co Ltd
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Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a full-ventilation temperature and humidity independent control system for deeply-buried hydraulic power station underground power house. The system comprises an air mixing duct having an air inlet communicated with the inner cavity of an unpressurized tail water corridor and an air outlet communicated with the interior of the hydraulic power station underground power house, wherein the interior of the hydraulic power station underground power house is communicated with the air inlet of an induced draft fan via an air duct and with the air inlet of a blower via an air pipe; and the air supply port of the blower is communicated with the air mixing duct. With the invention, external environment high-temperature high-humidity fresh air is introduced into the hydraulic power station underground power house via the unpressurized tail water corridor, and exchanges heat and humidity with the surface of a cold accumulation body such as water body and rock in the corridor to reduce temperature and humidity, which greatly reduces air absolute humidity content brought into the underground power house by the fresh air. The ventilation system in the invention dispenses with mechanical refrigerating devices and air conditioning equipment, so as to realize energy-saving, environment-friendly, no field mounting area occupation and no field occupation purposes.

Description

Buried underground workshop all-pass wind-warm syndrome, wet sub-control system
Technical field
The present invention relates to buried underground workshop ventilating system, especially relate to buried underground workshop all-pass wind-warm syndrome, wet sub-control system.
Background technology
The key link of room ventilation, air-conditioning system is exactly to inquire into the problem that adopts which kind of air-supply air current composition method and type, so this field has been subject to domestic and international correlative study scholar and project planner's attention.
Along with scientific and technical development, the mankind are to around living environment and production environment Temperature and Humidity Control require more and more high; The application of the production of exact science instrument, aerospace equipment element, electronic devices and components and weaving production line etc. all have quite strict requirement to warm and humid environmental condition; At present, buried underground workshop air handling system all takes to regulate control in the same apparatus of air conditioning to the control and regulation of temperature, wet index simultaneously.This just need to provide heating, humidification, the working-medium water such as cooling to the apparatus of air conditioning, by heat exchanger, carry out cold and hot exchange room air is carried out to temperature adjusting, adopt chilled water to make the too high air of humidity separate out condensate water simultaneously, or adopt humidifier to add the relative humidity that moisture improves air in air.The chilled water that above-mentioned air conditioning mode adopts all will consume mass energy, also needs huge equipment and space, fabricating yard.And there is hidden danger in the variation, the indoor air quality that are difficult to adapt to well indoor heat moisture ratio.Because temperature, humidity sub-control can solve the problem that traditional air-conditioning system is existing and self can not effect a radical cure principle preferably, as: when 1, the high and temperature of humidity is high, system cannot normally not moved: as in Yangtze river basin yellow plum season, because outside air temperature low humidity is high, now air-conditioner does not reach start-up temperature, compressor does not move and fan operation, indoor humidity cannot be processed, simultaneously fan operation is constantly sent into new wind to indoor, and outdoor humid air enters the indoor indoor air humidity that makes by new wind on the contrary and reaches outdoor air humidity; Air-conditioning cool-down dehumidification simultaneously when 2, freeze summer: controlling due to room conditioning is to have temperature controlledly, and therefore air-conditioning no longer freezes after indoor temperature reaches setting value, is that blower fan does not reach the effect of cool-down dehumidification in running; 3, the moisture removal of air-conditioning system when the moisture removal of sub-load gap operation is less than stable operation.Home and abroad started to continue to increase to temperature-humidity control techniques research dynamics in recent years, and achievement in research and paper have issue also time, but was not seen in relevant buried underground workshop all-pass wind-warm syndrome, hygroscopic water control systematic account.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of buried underground workshop all-pass wind-warm syndrome, wet sub-control system, reaches energy saving economy, environmental protection, does not take the object of fabricating yard.
For achieving the above object, the present invention takes following technical proposals:
Buried underground workshop all-pass wind-warm syndrome of the present invention, wet sub-control system, comprise gas mixing air channel, and described gas mixing air channel air inlet communicates with tailwater gallery inner chamber with no pressure, and its gas outlet communicates with underground workshop is indoor; Described Hydropower Station Underground is indoor to be communicated with fan inlet, by airduct, is communicated with pressure fan air inlet by the first air channel respectively; Described pressure fan air outlet communicates with gas mixing air channel.
Gas outlet, described gas mixing air channel is controlled and is required high underground power house inner chamber to communicate with temperature, humidity; Described temperature, humidity are controlled and are required high underground power house inner chamber to be controlled and require low underground power house inner chamber to communicate with temperature, humidity by the second air channel; Described temperature, humidity are controlled and are required low underground power house inner chamber by the first air channel, to be communicated, by airduct, communicated with pressure fan air inlet with fan inlet respectively.
The invention has the advantages that external environment fresh air indoor through tailwater gallery introducing Hydropower Station Underground with no pressure, natural heat exchanger due to cold storage body surface formations such as gallery water body and rocks, carry out the dehumidification of damp and hot exchange desuperheat with outdoor high temperature, highly humid air, reduced in a large number the air absolute moisture content that new wind is brought underground power house into.The relative humidity of considering air inducing is greater than 90% humidity considerably beyond underground power house environmental requirement, at this moment according to humiture index, calculating control, high temperature air draft in the chamber of going to the factory is partially mixed in gas mixing air channel with low temperature, high humidity (relative humidity is high) cold wind, and the wet down that heats up is sent in underground power house after processing.During due to ventilating system of the present invention operation, using draw buried power station tailrace tunnel with no pressure cold air as temperature, the wet working medium that regulates, saved mechanical refrigeration device and the apparatus of air conditioning; Therefore, realize energy-conservation, environmental protection, do not taken the object in an interior erection space and place.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is system architecture schematic diagram of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, buried underground workshop all-pass wind-warm syndrome of the present invention, wet sub-control system, comprise gas mixing air channel 1, described gas mixing air channel 1 air inlet communicates with tailwater gallery 2 inner chambers with no pressure, and its gas outlet is controlled and required high underground power house 7 inner chambers to communicate with temperature, humidity; Described temperature, humidity are controlled and are required high underground power house 7 inner chambers to be controlled and require low underground power house 9 inner chambers to communicate with temperature, humidity by air channel 8; Described temperature, humidity are controlled and are required low underground power house 9 inner chambers by air channel 3, to be communicated, by airduct 5, communicated with pressure fan 6 air inlets with air-introduced machine 4 air inlets respectively.
Operation principle of the present invention is summarized as follows:
Under air-introduced machine 4 effects, outdoor high temperature fresh air carries out damp and hot exchange desuperheat, dehumidification via tailwater gallery with no pressure 2 and the cold storage body surface layers such as water body, rock in it, reduce new wind and brought in a large number the air absolute moisture content in underground power house 7,9 into, carried out humidity control; Temperature, humidity control the air part require in low underground power house 9 under pressure fan 6 effects by it in the air of higher temperature deliver in gas mixing air channel 1, mix with the fresh air that carries out damp and hot exchange, the wet down that heats up (falling relative humidity) is processed, carry out temperature and regulate control, another part is discharged ground to outdoor by air-introduced machine 4.By controlling respectively the size of air-introduced machine 4, pressure fan 6 air quantity, reach temperature, the humidity index that controls environment and require.

Claims (2)

1. a buried underground workshop all-pass wind-warm syndrome, wet sub-control system, it is characterized in that: comprise gas mixing air channel (1), described gas mixing air channel (1) air inlet communicates with tailwater gallery with no pressure (2) inner chamber, and its gas outlet communicates with underground workshop is indoor; Described Hydropower Station Underground is indoor to be communicated with air-introduced machine (4) air inlet, by airduct (5), is communicated with pressure fan (6) air inlet by the first air channel (3) respectively; Described pressure fan (6) air outlet communicates with gas mixing air channel (1).
2. buried underground workshop all-pass wind-warm syndrome according to claim 1, wet sub-control system, is characterized in that: gas outlet, described gas mixing air channel (1) is controlled and required high underground power house (7) inner chamber to communicate with temperature, humidity; Described temperature, humidity are controlled and are required high underground power house (7) inner chamber to be controlled and require low underground power house (9) inner chamber to communicate with temperature, humidity by the second air channel (8); Described temperature, humidity are controlled and are required low underground power house (9) inner chamber by the first air channel (3), to be communicated, by airduct (5), communicated with pressure fan (6) air inlet with air-introduced machine (4) air inlet respectively.
CN201210013874.1A 2012-01-17 2012-01-17 Full-ventilation temperature and humidity independent control system for deeply-buried hydraulic power station underground power house Active CN102563797B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105370311A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-03-02 重庆南桐矿业有限责任公司 Mine cooling system and mine cooling method
CN108868858A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-11-23 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of supply air system for realizing natural energy dehumidifying using subterranean tunnel wall surface

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005061786A (en) * 2003-08-20 2005-03-10 Nonaka Kensetsu Kk Indoor temperature adjusting structure using geotherm
CN202432635U (en) * 2012-01-17 2012-09-12 黄河勘测规划设计有限公司 Full-ventilation temperature and humidity respective control system of deep buried water power station underground workshop

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005061786A (en) * 2003-08-20 2005-03-10 Nonaka Kensetsu Kk Indoor temperature adjusting structure using geotherm
CN202432635U (en) * 2012-01-17 2012-09-12 黄河勘测规划设计有限公司 Full-ventilation temperature and humidity respective control system of deep buried water power station underground workshop

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Address after: 450003 Jinshui Road 109, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province

Patentee after: Yellow River Survey Planning and Design Research Institute Co., Ltd.

Address before: 450003 Jinshui Road 109, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province

Patentee before: Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co., Ltd.