CN102561281A - Irrigation and drainage canal in coastal reclamation area - Google Patents

Irrigation and drainage canal in coastal reclamation area Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102561281A
CN102561281A CN2012100631989A CN201210063198A CN102561281A CN 102561281 A CN102561281 A CN 102561281A CN 2012100631989 A CN2012100631989 A CN 2012100631989A CN 201210063198 A CN201210063198 A CN 201210063198A CN 102561281 A CN102561281 A CN 102561281A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ditches
irrigation canals
irrigation
row
layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012100631989A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈凤
刘海巍
孙淑侠
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Jiangsu Province Institute Of Hydro-Technical Research
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Jiangsu Province Institute Of Hydro-Technical Research
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Province Institute Of Hydro-Technical Research filed Critical Jiangsu Province Institute Of Hydro-Technical Research
Priority to CN2012100631989A priority Critical patent/CN102561281A/en
Publication of CN102561281A publication Critical patent/CN102561281A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses an irrigation and drainage canal in a coastal reclamation area. The irrigation and drainage canal comprises hard baffles and a flexible layer. The hard baffles are arranged inside side slopes at both sides of the irrigation and drainage canal and are vertical to the ground; the flexible layer in fit with a flow cross-section of the irrigation and drainage canal in shape is arranged on the surface outside the flow cross-section of the irrigation and drainage canal; both ends of the flexible layer are connected with the top ends of the hard baffles; the flexible layer comprises a netted layer and a geotextile layer; the geotextile layer is tiled on the surface outside the flow cross-section of the irrigation and drainage canal; and the netted layer is arranged outside the geotextile layer. According to the invention, the side slopes of the irrigation and drainage canal in the reclamation area can be effectively fixed and the water loss and the soil erosion are prevented. The irrigation and drainage canal in the coastal reclamation area can be repeatedly utilized and recovered and is suitable for the current requirements on low carbon, sustainability and environment friendliness. The requirement on the side slopes of the irrigation and drainage canal in the soil improvement process of vast coastal reclamation areas in China is met.

Description

Row's irrigation canals and ditches are irritated in a kind of coastal reclamation area
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of coastal reclamation area and irritate drainage technique, row's irrigation canals and ditches are irritated in specifically a kind of coastal reclamation area.
Background technology
Enclose and cultivate and develop coastal beach land resources the important component part that is the territory comprehensive improvement, the water conservancy auxiliary construction is the basic industry of beach land resources comprehensive development and utilization.The retaining tide in new reclamation area removes stain, retaining water drainage etc. and all be unable to do without hydraulic engineering; Build production and economic development that essential water conservancy projects often can promote the reclamation area effectively well; Accelerate the comprehensive development speed of land resources. production capacity; Must solve the problem of salt, plate, sore, need one and support the process of cultivating.
After enclosing and cultivating, coastal reclamation area begins to build ejectment water system and corresponding conveyance system; And formation of land, lean on rainfall nature desalting soil, because of its mucky soil earth salt content is high, have strong corrosion property; And because of strong wind erosion and water erosion effect, soil erosion takes place very easily.The coastal new directly soil property irrigation canals and ditches of excavation only just deposited and the level land of periphery with elevation in 5 ~ 6 months.Supporting irrigation and drainage system with functions irrigation canals and ditches adopt traditional material and sectional form, and the concrete canal of salt tolerant alkali is the hard side slope, and easily because of yielding the damaging of coastal reclamation area soil, cost is also higher simultaneously.Closed drainage also be since closed drainage exist cost of production high, be prone to stop up, be prone to aging shortcoming, easy care not in process of production.These unfavorable factors have brought certain degree of difficulty for the water conservancy construction in new reclamation area.Therefore, need the cost novel filling row irrigation canals and ditches technology lower, applied widely of research, to satisfy the high area of salt alkali content such as the coastal reclamation area needs of irrigation and drainage smoothly.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of coastal reclamation area novel filling row irrigation canals and ditches technology; This technology can effectively solve coastal reclamation area drainage of soil irrigation canals and ditches side slope yielding, cave in and alluvial and the very serious problem of soil erosion; Have anti-seepage effect simultaneously, play the effect of carrying out the draining desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching and irrigation smoothly.
The objective of the invention is to realize through following technical scheme:
Row's irrigation canals and ditches are irritated in a kind of coastal reclamation area, it is characterized in that: this filling row irrigation canals and ditches comprise hard baffle plate and flexible layer, and said hard baffle plate is arranged on the inboard and perpendicular to the ground of the row's of filling irrigation canals and ditches both sides side slope; Be arranged on the cross-section of river outer surface that irrigation canals and ditches are arranged in filling with the suitable flexible layer of cross-section of river shape of filling row irrigation canals and ditches; The two ends of flexible layer are connected with the top of hard baffle plate; Said flexible layer comprises lamina reticularis and geotechnological layer of cloth, and geotechnological layer of cloth is tiled in the outer surface of the cross-section of river of the row's of filling irrigation canals and ditches, and lamina reticularis is arranged on the geotechnological layer of cloth outside.
Among the present invention, said hard baffle plate is applicable to the high areas of salt alkali content such as coastal reclamation area by salt tolerant corrosion resistance material engineering plastics, stainless steel or glass fiber reinforced plastic manufacturing.
Hard baffle plate and flexible layer connect through hasp; Flexible layer is fixed on through rivet tiling on the hacking levelling course of the cross-section of river of the row's of filling irrigation canals and ditches.Said geotechnological layer of cloth is vinyon cloth, polyvinyl chloride coating materials, gentle felt coating materials, malthoid coating materials or glass wool cloth coating materials.Hard baffle plate and rivet are fixed on flexible layer on irrigation canals and ditches soil property surface, form the filling row irrigation canals and ditches with certain intensity.The spacing M of fixing rivet confirms that according to the concrete soil in locality the fixing flexible layer gets final product.
Advantage of the present invention is: 1, adopt the hard baffle plate as stress surface; Adopt rivet that flexible layer will be fixed on the soil property surface, the lamina reticularis of flexible layer has certain hot strength, can resist the destruction of soil property irrigation canals and ditches distortion to the top layer; Geotechnique's rete prevents soil erosion of soil property irrigation canals and ditches and seepage; Play preventing erosion, avoid the irrigation canals and ditches alluvial, reach the effect of carrying out irrigation and drainage smoothly; 2, material therefor has corrosion resistance, is applicable to the high areas of saliferous alkali number such as coastal reclamation area; 3, flexible layer does not limit irrigation canals and ditches cross dimensions and form, and application is wide; 4, the present invention can reuse, and saves cost; 5, finish using recyclablely, do not influence local environment, pollution-free, have low-carbon (LC), environmental protection and sustainable characteristics.
The present invention is that the filling row irrigation canals and ditches of coastal reclamation area reclamation are new, applicable to the irrigation canals and ditches of different section size such as trapezoidal, U type and model.Satisfy the filling row irrigation canals and ditches requirement in the coastal reclamation area reclamation process.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of flexible layer among the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Row's irrigation canals and ditches are irritated in a kind of coastal reclamation area of the present invention, see Fig. 1, and this filling row irrigation canals and ditches comprise hard baffle plate 1 and flexible layer 2, and hard baffle plate 1 is arranged on the inboard and vertical with ground 4 of the row's of filling irrigation canals and ditches both sides side slope; Hard baffle plate 1 is applicable to the high areas of salt alkali content such as coastal reclamation area by salt tolerant corrosion resistance material engineering plastics, stainless steel or glass fiber reinforced plastic manufacturing.Be arranged on the cross-section of river 5 outer surfaces that irrigation canals and ditches are arranged in filling with the suitable flexible layer 2 of the cross-section of river 5 shapes of filling row irrigation canals and ditches; The two ends of flexible layer 2 are connected with the top of the hard baffle plate 1 of irritating row's irrigation canals and ditches both sides respectively.Flexible layer 2 comprises lamina reticularis 21 and geotechnological layer of cloth 22, and geotechnological layer of cloth 22 is tiled in the outer surface of the cross-section of river 5 of the row's of filling irrigation canals and ditches, and lamina reticularis 21 is arranged on geotechnological layer of cloth 22 outsides.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of flexible layer among the present invention.Geotechnique's layer of cloth 22 is vinyon cloth, polyvinyl chloride coating materials, gentle felt coating materials, malthoid coating materials or glass wool cloth coating materials.Flexible layer 2 is fixed on the soil property surface of the row's of filling irrigation canals and ditches through hard baffle plate 1 and rivet 3.Hard baffle plate 1 connects through hasp with flexible layer 2.Flexible layer 2 is fixed on through rivet 3 tiling on the hacking levelling course of the cross-section of river 5 of the row's of filling irrigation canals and ditches, forms the filling row irrigation canals and ditches with certain intensity.The spacing M of fixing rivet 3 confirms that according to the concrete soil in locality the fixing flexible layer gets final product.
When installing and using, at first irritate row's irrigation canals and ditches and excavate on request, hard baffle plate 1 is inserted in the slope soil of irrigation canals and ditches both sides, the irrigation canals and ditches side slope is crossed water surface leveling and compacting, flexible layer 2 and hard baffle plate 1 are connect, put along the exhibition of irrigation canals and ditches surface according to coastal reclamation area.Flexible layer 2 is laid to finish and is confirmed the spacing M of fixing rivet 3, and rivet, fixing flexible layer are installed in punching.
Hard baffle plate of the present invention, flexible layer and fixing rivet can be fixed the novel filling row irrigation canals and ditches of coastal reclamation area saline-alkali soil; Can prevent erosion; Reduce the irrigation canals and ditches alluvial, reach the purpose of the smooth draining desalinization of soil by flooding or leaching and irrigation, for coastal reclamation area soil quick improvement creates favorable conditions.The present invention simultaneously can reuse and reclaim, and has the characteristics of low-carbon (LC) and environmental protection, meets principle of sustainable development, is applicable to the high areas of salt alkali content such as coastal reclamation area.

Claims (4)

1. row's irrigation canals and ditches are irritated in a coastal reclamation area, it is characterized in that: this filling row irrigation canals and ditches comprise hard baffle plate (1) and flexible layer (2), and said hard baffle plate (1) is arranged on the inboard and perpendicular to the ground of the row's of filling irrigation canals and ditches both sides side slope; Be arranged on the cross-section of river outer surface that irrigation canals and ditches are arranged in filling with the suitable flexible layer (2) of cross-section of river shape of filling row irrigation canals and ditches; The two ends of flexible layer (2) are connected with the top of hard baffle plate (1); Said flexible layer (2) comprises lamina reticularis (21) and geotechnological layer of cloth (22), and geotechnological layer of cloth (22) is tiled in the outer surface of the cross-section of river of the row's of filling irrigation canals and ditches, and lamina reticularis (21) is arranged on geotechnological layer of cloth (22) outside.
2. row's irrigation canals and ditches are irritated in coastal reclamation area according to claim 1, and it is characterized in that: said hard baffle plate (1) is by salt tolerant corrosion resistance material engineering plastics, stainless steel or glass fiber reinforced plastic manufacturing.
3. row's irrigation canals and ditches are irritated in coastal reclamation area according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: hard baffle plate (1) and flexible layer (2) connect through hasp; Flexible layer (2) is fixed on through rivet (3) tiling on the hacking levelling course of the cross-section of river of the row's of filling irrigation canals and ditches.
4. row's irrigation canals and ditches are irritated in coastal reclamation area according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: said geotechnological layer of cloth (22) is vinyon cloth, polyvinyl chloride coating materials, gentle felt coating materials, malthoid coating materials or glass wool cloth coating materials.
CN2012100631989A 2012-03-12 2012-03-12 Irrigation and drainage canal in coastal reclamation area Pending CN102561281A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100631989A CN102561281A (en) 2012-03-12 2012-03-12 Irrigation and drainage canal in coastal reclamation area

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100631989A CN102561281A (en) 2012-03-12 2012-03-12 Irrigation and drainage canal in coastal reclamation area

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CN102561281A true CN102561281A (en) 2012-07-11

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104074169A (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-01 中国二十冶集团有限公司 A temporary drainage method for water-sufficient areas of sandy land
RU2530989C2 (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-10-20 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Южный научно-исследовательский институт гидротехники и мелиорации" Method for production of flexible impervious screen
CN105625269A (en) * 2015-12-26 2016-06-01 黄禹尧 Double-trench three-wall ship-form transverse trench with river damming, sediment retaining and canal protecting functions
CN106381853A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-08 江苏省水利科学研究院 Combined type irrigation and drainage channel and construction method thereof
CN110731212A (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-01-31 山东胜伟盐碱地科技有限公司 kind of big-arch shelter spouts irrigation system a little
CN110984063A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-04-10 河海大学 Silt reducing system for drainage beach of artificial ditch

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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WO2007027041A1 (en) * 2005-09-01 2007-03-08 Soo Ho Kim Sloping ground construction work method and sloping ground construction fixed tool
CN102154997A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-08-17 东南大学 Ecotypic bank revetment structure
KR20110135224A (en) * 2010-06-10 2011-12-16 (주)대우건설 Method for installing soil nailing and tunnel prevent hole for tidal plant
CN202466544U (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-10-03 江苏省水利科学研究院 Irrigation and drainage ditch in coastal reclamation area

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1632231A (en) * 2004-12-27 2005-06-29 河海大学 Landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope forming method
WO2007027041A1 (en) * 2005-09-01 2007-03-08 Soo Ho Kim Sloping ground construction work method and sloping ground construction fixed tool
KR20110135224A (en) * 2010-06-10 2011-12-16 (주)대우건설 Method for installing soil nailing and tunnel prevent hole for tidal plant
CN102154997A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-08-17 东南大学 Ecotypic bank revetment structure
CN202466544U (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-10-03 江苏省水利科学研究院 Irrigation and drainage ditch in coastal reclamation area

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2530989C2 (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-10-20 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Южный научно-исследовательский институт гидротехники и мелиорации" Method for production of flexible impervious screen
CN104074169A (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-01 中国二十冶集团有限公司 A temporary drainage method for water-sufficient areas of sandy land
CN105625269A (en) * 2015-12-26 2016-06-01 黄禹尧 Double-trench three-wall ship-form transverse trench with river damming, sediment retaining and canal protecting functions
CN106381853A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-08 江苏省水利科学研究院 Combined type irrigation and drainage channel and construction method thereof
CN110731212A (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-01-31 山东胜伟盐碱地科技有限公司 kind of big-arch shelter spouts irrigation system a little
CN110984063A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-04-10 河海大学 Silt reducing system for drainage beach of artificial ditch

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Application publication date: 20120711

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