CN102560729A - Antibacterial wicking-type polyester fiber as well as preparation method and application thereof - Google Patents

Antibacterial wicking-type polyester fiber as well as preparation method and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102560729A
CN102560729A CN2011102137715A CN201110213771A CN102560729A CN 102560729 A CN102560729 A CN 102560729A CN 2011102137715 A CN2011102137715 A CN 2011102137715A CN 201110213771 A CN201110213771 A CN 201110213771A CN 102560729 A CN102560729 A CN 102560729A
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China
Prior art keywords
antibacterial
silver
polyester fiber
antibiotic
lead
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Pending
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CN2011102137715A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
施少荣
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WUJIANG SANHUI TEXTILE CO Ltd
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WUJIANG SANHUI TEXTILE CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2011102137715A priority Critical patent/CN102560729A/en
Publication of CN102560729A publication Critical patent/CN102560729A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an antibacterial wicking-type polyester fiber as well as a preparation method and application thereof. The antibacterial wicking-type polyester fiber is prepared from the following raw materials according to parts by weight: 5-15 parts of silver antibacterial masterbatch and 85-95 parts of polyester fiber forming resin, wherein the fiber section is a special-shape section. The polyester fiber provided by the invention has scientific and reasonable proportion of all components. The silver antibacterial masterbatch with the antibacterial action and the polyester fiber forming resin are organically combined scientifically; pre-orientation silk is obtained by a special-shape hole spinning plate; low-elasticity modified silk is produced by the texturing deformation; and the multifunctional polyester fiber with the antibacterial wicking-type action can be obtained and has wide application range. The preparation method for the antibacterial wicking-type polyester fiber has the advantages of strong operability, reasonable technology and high production efficiency and can realize large industrial production.

Description

A kind of antibiotic with lead wet type polyster fibre and preparation method thereof and application
 
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of polyster fibre, particularly a kind of antibiotic with lead wet type polyster fibre and preparation method thereof and its application.
Background technology
Progress of science and technology in recent years; Promoting the development of chemical fibre industry; Many countries drop into great amount of manpower and material resources and the new fiber product of financial resources exploitation; Seek new macromolecular material, the research and development of various functional fibers have all had breakthrough progress, and high in technological content functional fiber has become guiding market and the key factor that improves the Business survival ability.
Polyster fibre is as one of the big main force of three in synthetic fiber fiber; Because of its good physics and chemical characteristic are widely used in garment material and other non-garment industry; But because its hydrophobic property, be restricted in Application for Field that hygroscopicity or water imbibition are had relatively high expectations.The moisture absorbing and sweat releasing poisture-penetrability was poor when the polyster fibre clothes were worn; Feeling of oppression and heat is arranged, and all troubles that have static to be easy to accumulate again to cause are given its hygroscopicity to this hydrophobicity polyster fibre; The demand cry of the textiles ability moisture absorbing and sweat releasing of processing is surging gradually, has caused people in the industry's concern.Simultaneously; Ecological environment and emblem biotic environment are polluted serious day by day, make fiber be easy to receive contamination by micro, cause problems as produce peculiar smell, spot appears or fade, the sanitary clean function is poor, self degraded, abrasion resistance are low etc.; And fiber and textiles in use directly contact with human body skin; Metabolism product such as the sweat of skin surface, sebum and outside dirt can be attached on the fibers, and breed bacteria causes very big harm to human beings'health easily.Therefore, the fiber that has an antibacterial functions becomes the fibrous material that market presses for.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: technical problem to be solved of the present invention is in order to overcome the deficiency of prior art; Provide a kind of antibiotic with lead the wet type polyster fibre; Another object of the present invention provide a kind of prepare this antibiotic with lead the method for wet type polyster fibre, another object of the present invention provide this antibiotic with lead the application of wet type polyster fibre.
Technical scheme: in order to realize above purpose, of the present invention antibiotic with lead the wet type polyster fibre, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight: silver is 5 ~ 15 parts of antibacterial matrices, 85 ~ 95 parts of Terylene fiber resins, and described fibre section is an odd-shaped cross section.
As preferred version, wherein above-described silver is that antibacterial matrices can be made by the nano-silver ionic of percentage by weight 10 ~ 30% and the PETG blend of nano-carrier silica or basic zirconium phosphate and percentage by weight 70 ~ 90%.Because silver ion bacteriostatic activity in all metal ions is the highest, its redox reaction activity also is the strongest simultaneously.Utilize silver nano-grain to combine to make master batch with Terylene fiber resin again with carrier silica or basic zirconium phosphate; Can improve the dispersiveness of Yin Nami in the polyester parent greatly; Silver is that the antibiotic rate of antibacterial matrices can have antibiotic preferably and bactericidal effect more than or equal to 98%.Nanometer-level silver ion particles and polyester slice add simultaneously; Heating and melting makes pre-oriented yarn, produces the low terylene textured filament that plays through adding the bullet distortion again, and silver ion reaches depth of penetration and molecular resin combines; Antibiotic process is not only effective, and reaches long-acting purpose.
Provided by the invention antibiotic with lead the wet type polyster fibre, wherein said odd-shaped cross section can prepare triangle, trilobal, quatrefoil, leafy shape, rhombus, hollow shape, special-shaped hollow shape or star section through the irregularly-shaped hole spinning plate according to actual needs.General polyster fibre molecular structure lacks hydrophilic radical, and strand is firm, piles up closely; Degree of crystallinity is higher, and water absorbing capacity is poor, does not have functions such as suction perspire; After making odd-shaped cross section to fiber, polyster fibre porosity and surface area increase, and absorb water and lead wet ability to strengthen.
Provided by the invention antibiotic with lead the preparation method of wet type polyster fibre, specifically comprise the steps:
(1) gets the PETG blend of nano-silver ionic and nano-carrier silica or the basic zirconium phosphate and the percentage by weight 70 ~ 90% of percentage by weight 10 ~ 30%; Extrude with screw extruder; Pelletizing, making silver is antibacterial matrices, subsequent use; Wherein blending temperature is 200 ~ 250 ℃, and screw speed is 150 ~ 250rpm;
(2) getting silver that step (1) obtains is 5 ~ 15 parts of antibacterial matrices and 85 ~ 95 parts of blend of Terylene fiber resin; Then through the irregularly-shaped hole spinning plate; Make pre-oriented yarn; Produce the low terylene textured filament that plays through adding the bullet distortion again, wherein spinning condition is: 250 ~ 300 ℃ of spinning temperatures, spinning speed 2000 ~ 3000m/min.
Provided by the invention antibiotic with lead the application of wet type polyster fibre in preparation dormitory articles, sportswear, underwear, hospital work clothes and food workman clothes.
Beneficial effect: provided by the invention antibiotic with lead the wet type polyster fibre and compare with polyster fibre of the prior art and have following advantage:
(1) polyster fibre provided by the invention; Each set of dispense is than scientific and reasonable, and the silver that will have antibacterial action through science is that antibacterial matrices and Terylene fiber resin organically combine, and through the irregularly-shaped hole spinning plate; Prepare pre-oriented yarn; Produce the low textured filament that plays through adding the bullet distortion again, obtain having the multifunctional terylene fiber of long-term antibacterial and wetness guiding perspiration discharging effect, have wide range of applications.
(2) provided by the invention antibiotic with lead the preparation method of wet type polyster fibre, workable, technology is reasonable, production efficiency is high, can realize industrialized production.Among the preparation technology, it is low to have overcome fusing point, and the technical barrier that ash is many has improved the spinnability of polyester slice, and the present invention is improved its dispersiveness in the polyester parent after adopting silver nano-grain and nano level carrier silica or basic zirconium phosphate combination.Adopt the irregularly-shaped hole spinning plate to prepare the fiber with profiled-cross-section, the porosity of fiber increases with surface area, its suction and lead wet ability enhancing.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment; Further illustrate the present invention; Should understand these embodiment only be used to the present invention is described and be not used in the restriction scope of the present invention; After having read the present invention, those skilled in the art all fall within the application's accompanying claims institute restricted portion to the modification of the various equivalent form of values of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
1, a kind of antibiotic and lead the wet type polyster fibre, it is made up of following raw materials in weight: silver is 95 kilograms of 15 kilograms of antibacterial matrices and Terylene fiber resins.
2, antibiotic and lead the preparation of wet type polyster fibre:
(1) gets the PETG blend of nano-silver ionic and the nano-carrier silica and the percentage by weight 90% of percentage by weight 10%, extrude pelletizing with screw extruder; Making silver is antibacterial matrices; Subsequent use, wherein blending temperature is 250 ℃, and screw speed is 120rpm;
(2) getting silver that step (1) obtains is 15 kilograms of antibacterial matrices and 95 kilograms of Terylene fiber resins; Blend; Through the irregularly-shaped hole spinning plate, make the pre-oriented yarn of quatrefoil then, produce the low terylene textured filament that plays through adding the bullet distortion again; Wherein spinning condition is: 300 ℃ of spinning temperatures, spinning speed 2500m/min.
3, detect wet, the antibiotic performance of leading by 2 polyster fibres that prepare:
Detect unit: test center of China Textile Academy; Country quality of textile products supervision center.
The measuring ability index:
Lead moist Function detection, it is as shown in table 1 to lead moist Function detection result:
The wet transmitting performance of table 1 polyster fibre detects
Anti-microbial property detects (detecting by conventional microorganism detection method): concrete experimental result is as shown in table 2:
The antibacterial functions testing result of table 2 polyster fibre
Show that to moist, the antibiotic experimental result of leading shown in the table 2 polyster fibre provided by the invention has preferably wet transmitting performance, also shows good antibacterial effect by above table 1, wherein the fungistatic effect to staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538), Escherichia coli (8099) and Candida albicans (ATCC 10231) has reached 98%, 99% and 95% respectively.
Provided by the inventionly antibioticly with other quality index of leading the wet type polyster fibre be: fracture strength is at 2.5CN/dtex; Extension at break is 130%; Line density coefficient of variation CVb1.8% (FZ/T54003-2004), the line density deviation ratio is (FZ/T54003-2004) between ± 2.5%, dye uniformity; (ash card) level >=4 (GB/T6508-2001), COLOR FASTNESS>4.5 grade.
Embodiment 2
1, a kind of antibiotic and lead the wet type polyster fibre, it is made up of following raw materials in weight: 5 kilograms of uvioresistant master batches, silver are 85 kilograms of antibacterial matrices.
2, antibiotic and lead the preparation of wet type polyster fibre:
(1) gets the PETG blend of nano-silver ionic and the nano-carrier basic zirconium phosphate and the percentage by weight 70% of percentage by weight 30%, extrude pelletizing with screw extruder; Making silver is antibacterial matrices; Subsequent use, wherein blending temperature is 260 ℃, and screw speed is 180rpm;
2) getting silver that step (1) obtains is 5 kilograms of antibacterial matrices and 85 kilograms of Terylene fiber resins; Blend; Through the irregularly-shaped hole spinning plate, make leg-of-mutton pre-oriented yarn then, produce the low terylene textured filament that plays through adding the bullet distortion again; Wherein spinning condition is: 300 ℃ of spinning temperatures, spinning speed 3500m/min.
3, detect, uvioresistant wet, antibiotic performance by leading of 2 polyster fibres that prepare:
Detect unit: test center of China Textile Academy; Country quality of textile products supervision center.
The measuring ability index:
Lead moist Function detection, it is as shown in table 3 to lead moist Function detection result:
The wet transmitting performance of table 3 polyster fibre detects
Anti-microbial property detects (detecting by conventional microorganism detection method): concrete experimental result is as shown in table 4:
The antibacterial functions testing result of table 4 polyster fibre
Show that to moist, the antibiotic experimental result of leading shown in the table 4 polyster fibre provided by the invention has preferably wet transmitting performance, also shows good antibacterial effect by above table 3, wherein the fungistatic effect to staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538), Escherichia coli (8099) and Candida albicans (ATCC 10231) has reached 99%, 99% and 93% respectively.
Provided by the inventionly antibioticly with other quality index of leading the wet type polyster fibre be: fracture strength is at 2.5CN/dtex; Extension at break is 130%; Line density coefficient of variation CVb1.8% (FZ/T54003-2004), the line density deviation ratio is (FZ/T54003-2004) between ± 2.5%, dye uniformity; (ash card) level >=4 (GB/T6508-2001), COLOR FASTNESS>4.5 grade.
Through above-mentioned embodiment, be not difficult to find out polyster fibre provided by the invention have antibiotic preferably with lead function such as wet type, be a kind of multifunctional terylene fiber, have wide range of applications.
Above embodiment only is explanation technical conceive of the present invention and characteristics; Its purpose is to let the people that is familiar with this technology understand content of the present invention and implements; Can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this; All equivalences that spirit is done according to the present invention change or modify, and all should be encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

  1. One kind antibiotic with lead the wet type polyster fibre, it is characterized in that: it is processed by the raw material of following parts by weight: silver is 5 ~ 15 parts of antibacterial matrices, 85 ~ 95 parts of Terylene fiber resins, and described fibre section is an odd-shaped cross section.
  2. 2. according to claim 1 antibiotic with lead the wet type polyster fibre, it is characterized in that: described silver is that antibacterial matrices is made by the nano-silver ionic of percentage by weight 10 ~ 30% and the PETG blend of nano-carrier silica or basic zirconium phosphate and percentage by weight 70 ~ 90%.
  3. 3. according to claim 1 antibiotic with lead the wet type polyster fibre, it is characterized in that: described odd-shaped cross section is triangle, trilobal, quatrefoil, leafy shape, rhombus, hollow shape, special-shaped hollow shape or star section.
  4. One kind prepare claim 1 to 3 each described antibiotic with lead the method for wet type polyster fibre, it is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
    (1) gets the PETG blend of nano-silver ionic and nano-carrier silica or the basic zirconium phosphate and the percentage by weight 70 ~ 90% of percentage by weight 10 ~ 30%; Extrude with screw extruder; Pelletizing, making silver is antibacterial matrices, subsequent use; Wherein blending temperature is 200 ~ 250 ℃, and screw speed is 150 ~ 250rpm;
    (2) getting silver that step (1) obtains is 5 ~ 15 parts of antibacterial matrices and 85 ~ 95 parts of blend of Terylene fiber resin; Then through the irregularly-shaped hole spinning plate; Make pre-oriented yarn; Produce the low terylene textured filament that plays through adding the bullet distortion again, wherein spinning condition is: 250 ~ 300 ℃ of spinning temperatures, spinning speed 2000 ~ 3000m/min.
  5. Claim 1 to 3 each described antibiotic with lead the application of wet type polyster fibre in preparation dormitory articles, sportswear, underwear, hospital work clothes and food workman clothes.
CN2011102137715A 2011-07-28 2011-07-28 Antibacterial wicking-type polyester fiber as well as preparation method and application thereof Pending CN102560729A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103696028A (en) * 2014-01-11 2014-04-02 江苏长乐纤维科技有限公司 Novel modified polyester fiber yarn
CN106435944A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-02-22 江西服装学院 Novel antibacterial fabric and preparation method thereof
CN106592233A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-04-26 江西服装学院 Preparation process for a fiber
CN107109710A (en) * 2014-11-14 2017-08-29 株式会社晓星 The method for preparing the functional yarn with deodorization and quick absorbing sweat
CN107338650A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-11-10 江西服装学院 A kind of New Regenerated Cellulosic Fibers and preparation method thereof
CN107779981A (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-03-09 董波 A kind of cross abnormal shape copper anti-bacterial fibre
CN107780038A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-03-09 江南大学 A kind of antibacterial cooling function fabric and preparation method thereof
CN109023076A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-12-18 合肥久新不锈钢厨具有限公司 A kind of stainless steel and preparation method thereof with anti-ultraviolet function

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CN101195928A (en) * 2007-07-03 2008-06-11 赵丹青 Quaterfoil polyester fiber or filament yarn having antimicrobial and moisture absorption sweat discharging functions
WO2009020296A1 (en) * 2007-08-08 2009-02-12 Revoreno Co., Ltd. Method for producing textiles and masterbatch contained of powdered ore
CN101555633A (en) * 2009-05-21 2009-10-14 广东新会美达锦纶股份有限公司 Processing technique of profile fiber having functions of moisture absorption and bacteria resistance and products thereof
CN101619504A (en) * 2009-07-30 2010-01-06 上海纳米技术及应用国家工程研究中心有限公司 Method for preparing antibacterial blending polyester heteromorphic fibre
CN101629334A (en) * 2009-08-18 2010-01-20 太仓市金辉化纤实业有限公司 Uvioresistant, antibacterial and moisture conductive terylene fiber, preparation method and application thereof
CN201395650Y (en) * 2009-03-04 2010-02-03 汤翔 Antibacterial PET/PTT hollow fiber

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101195928A (en) * 2007-07-03 2008-06-11 赵丹青 Quaterfoil polyester fiber or filament yarn having antimicrobial and moisture absorption sweat discharging functions
WO2009020296A1 (en) * 2007-08-08 2009-02-12 Revoreno Co., Ltd. Method for producing textiles and masterbatch contained of powdered ore
CN201395650Y (en) * 2009-03-04 2010-02-03 汤翔 Antibacterial PET/PTT hollow fiber
CN101555633A (en) * 2009-05-21 2009-10-14 广东新会美达锦纶股份有限公司 Processing technique of profile fiber having functions of moisture absorption and bacteria resistance and products thereof
CN101619504A (en) * 2009-07-30 2010-01-06 上海纳米技术及应用国家工程研究中心有限公司 Method for preparing antibacterial blending polyester heteromorphic fibre
CN101629334A (en) * 2009-08-18 2010-01-20 太仓市金辉化纤实业有限公司 Uvioresistant, antibacterial and moisture conductive terylene fiber, preparation method and application thereof

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103696028A (en) * 2014-01-11 2014-04-02 江苏长乐纤维科技有限公司 Novel modified polyester fiber yarn
CN107109710A (en) * 2014-11-14 2017-08-29 株式会社晓星 The method for preparing the functional yarn with deodorization and quick absorbing sweat
CN107109710B (en) * 2014-11-14 2020-01-03 晓星天禧(株) Method for preparing functional yarn with deodorization and rapid sweat absorption
CN107779981A (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-03-09 董波 A kind of cross abnormal shape copper anti-bacterial fibre
CN106435944A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-02-22 江西服装学院 Novel antibacterial fabric and preparation method thereof
CN106592233A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-04-26 江西服装学院 Preparation process for a fiber
CN107338650A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-11-10 江西服装学院 A kind of New Regenerated Cellulosic Fibers and preparation method thereof
CN106435944B (en) * 2016-11-28 2018-04-03 江西服装学院 A kind of novel antibacterial fabric and preparation method thereof
CN107780038A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-03-09 江南大学 A kind of antibacterial cooling function fabric and preparation method thereof
CN109023076A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-12-18 合肥久新不锈钢厨具有限公司 A kind of stainless steel and preparation method thereof with anti-ultraviolet function

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Application publication date: 20120711