CN102556897B - 电动拣选车 - Google Patents

电动拣选车 Download PDF

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CN102556897B
CN102556897B CN201110417715.3A CN201110417715A CN102556897B CN 102556897 B CN102556897 B CN 102556897B CN 201110417715 A CN201110417715 A CN 201110417715A CN 102556897 B CN102556897 B CN 102556897B
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CN102556897A (zh
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吴锂力
包能文
张波
许林杰
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Zhejiang EP Equipment Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F11/00Lifting devices specially adapted for particular uses not otherwise provided for
    • B66F11/04Lifting devices specially adapted for particular uses not otherwise provided for for movable platforms or cabins, e.g. on vehicles, permitting workmen to place themselves in any desired position for carrying out required operations

Abstract

本发明涉及电动拣选车,尤其涉及一种具有载人搬运结构的电动拣选车。电动拣选车,包括车架(1)、门架(2)和载货架(3),车架(1)包括车头(101)和车尾(102),定义从车头(101)至车尾(102)为从前端至后端的方向,载货架(3)位于车架(1)的中间,载货架(3)的底部位于车头(101)和车尾(102)之间;车架(1)后端固定连接有门架(2),门架(2)前端固定连接有载货架(3);车架(1)的前端和后端均设有滚轮(14)。按照本发明的技术方案,本发明能解决整车配重要求,降低车辆形式空间要求。

Description

电动拣选车
技术领域
[0001 ] 本发明涉及电动拣选车,尤其涉及一种具有载人搬运结构的电动拣选车。
背景技术
[0002] 电动拣选车是仓库、货架存取货物必不可少的搬运设备。操作人员通过控制车辆起升高度,对不同层面的货物进行存取,然后进行水平位置的货物移动,操作人员与货物可以同时升降。现有的拣选车因为结构方式不同,存在整车配重要求和车辆行驶空间要求。
[0003] 目前,一种电池拣选车,专利号为201220505979.4的实用新型专利,其包括:车辆本体;与车辆本体固定连接的升降装置;与升降装置配合连接的载物台;设置于载物台上并沿电池移动方向运动,用于吸附电池的吸盘装置;其解决了可有效避免了人工取放及搬运电池,降低了电动汽车的电池更换难度,从而提高底盘换电的速度的问题,但其载物台设置在车辆本体前方,占用大多的行驶空间,车身过长,转弯也不方便;且当载物时,整车的重量主要集中在车辆本体前方的载物台上,存在整车配重要求等缺陷。
发明内容
[0004] 本发明针对现有技术中的不足,提供了一种结构简单,使用方便安全的电动拣选车。
[0005] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明通过下述技术方案得以解决。
[0006] 电动拣选车,包括车架、门架和载货架,车架上设有滚轮,定义从车头至车尾为从前端至后端的方向,载货架位于车架的中间,载货架的底部位于车头和车尾之间。这样,可以解决货物重量引起的配重问题。车架后端固定连接有门架,门架前端固定连接有载货架。门架安装位置的调整,使得载货架结构同时得到调整,这样的结构使得电动拣选车的转弯半径减小,对车辆的空间行驶要求降低。车架的前端和后端均设有滚轮。以适应门架和载货架的位置调整。
[0007] 作为优选,车架后端设有门架固定轴,门架固定轴上设有门架。此门架固定轴紧固连接外门架,更加安全。
[0008] 作为优选,车架内设有电机,电机驱动滚轮的转动。车架上还设有电瓶,电瓶通过电路与电机相连。
[0009] 作为优选,车架还设有配重板,用于平衡货物。
[0010] 作为优选,车架设有紧急下降操作,防止油管爆裂或者突发事件而载货架不能紧急下降的可能。
[0011] 作为优选,门架包括内门架、中门架和外门架,内门架沿中门架上下滑动,中门架沿外门架上下滑动。内门架、中门架和外门架之间设有自由行程缸和边缸,通过控制液压站的电磁阀来控制门架的起升和下降。
[0012] 作为优选,中门架和内门架外均设有封板,自由行程缸、边缸和内部电器的走线,均位于封板内,既可以保护这些部件,也使得更美观。[0013] 作为优选,载货架包括前竖直段、下水平段、后竖直段、上水平段,前竖直段、下水平段、后竖直段、上水平段依次连接,前竖直段和下水平段相互垂直,下水平段和后竖直段相互垂直,后竖直段和上水平段相互垂直;前竖直段和后竖直段位于下水平段的两端,下水平段和上水平段位于后竖直段的两端,上水平段的前端与后竖直段连接。
[0014] 作为优选,前竖直段的前端设有载货平台,载货平台、前竖直段、下水平段、后竖直段、上水平段依次连接,载货平台与前竖直段相互垂直。载货架是用四根方管作为主要承力和力臂作用,结构上简单实用。
[0015] 作为优选,货架后面的上水平段覆盖了门架的上端,更加美观,也可以在这个平台上放一些小件的货物。
[0016] 作为优选,载货架中间的下水平段是操作人员的站立部分,可以跟随货架整体上升下降,在站立平台安装了踏板开关,踏板开关可以控制车辆的前进后退,防止在搬运过程中,操作人员的误操作。
[0017] 作为优选,车架的前端和后端分别设有滚轮。门架安装位置的调整,使得载货架结构同时得到调整,滚轮必须安装在车架的两端。
[0018] 作为优选,载货架上设有挡架,挡架上设有挡架转轴,挡架通过挡架转轴上翻和复原。
[0019] 作为优选,挡架采用气弹簧助力。
[0020] 作为优选,挡架包括上挡架、中挡架和下挡架。
[0021] 作为优选,下挡架的下方设有传感器。使得挡架复原车辆才能完成上升下降,前进后退的操作,保障了操作人员的安全。
[0022] 作为优选,上挡架设有控制盒、方向盘、下降同步按钮、喇叭、电量表、上升按钮、下降按钮、急停按钮、加速器、开关钥匙。
[0023] 作为优选,载货平台采用由横条和竖条相互垂直构成的网格形式。载货平台是存放货物的主要平台,高度按照人机工程学,方便人员操作取放货物。
[0024] 作为优选,车架后端设有门架固定轴,门架固定轴上设有门架,门架包括内门架、中门架和外门架,内门架沿中门架上下滑动,中门架沿外门架上下滑动;载货架包括前竖直段、下水平段、后竖直段、上水平段,前竖直段、下水平段、后竖直段、上水平段依次连接,前竖直段和下水平段相互垂直,下水平段和后竖直段相互垂直,后竖直段和上水平段相互垂直;前竖直段和后竖直段位于下水平段的两端,下水平段和上水平段位于后竖直段的两端,上水平段的前端与后竖直段连接;载货架上设有挡架,挡架上设有挡架转轴,挡架包括上挡架、中挡架和下挡架;载货架前端设有载货平台。
[0025] 作为优选,载货架的下水平段作为载人平台,与载货平台大小一样,使得转弯半径明显减小,对于仓库货物存放点的空间要求降低。
[0026] 按照本发明的技术方案,本发明能解决整车配重要求,降低车辆形式空间要求。载货架中间是操作人员的站立部分,可以跟随货架整体上升下降,货架的前面部分是存放货物的主要平台,高度按照人机工程学,方便人员操作取放货物,载货架本身是用4根方管作为主要承力和力臂作用,结构上简单,实用。挡架构成“门”,载货架的结构和门的结构有效的统一在一起,有效的节省材料,方便门的安装和固定。附图说明
[0027] 图1为电动拣选车的结构示意图。
[0028] 图2为车架的主视图。
[0029] 图3为车架的俯视图。
[0030] 图4为门架的结构示意图。
[0031] 图5为内门架的主视图和左视图。
[0032] 图6为外门架的主视图和左视图。
[0033] 图7为载货架的主视图。
[0034] 图8为载货架的左视图。
[0035] 图9为载货架的俯视图。
[0036] 图10为载货架和挡架使用时的结构示意图。
[0037] 图11为载货架和挡架上翻时的结构示意图。
[0038] 图12为上挡架的结构示意图。
[0039] 图13为中挡架的结构示意图。
[0040] 图14为下挡架的结构示意图。
[0041] 图15为电动拣选车的操作系统示意图。
具体实施方式
[0042] 下面结合附图与具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细描述。
[0043] 一种电动拣选车,包括车架1、门架2和载货架3。定义从车头301至车尾302为从前端至后端。门架2固定在车架I上,载货架3固定在门架2上。
[0044] 车架I包括上围板12、下围板13、门架固定轴15、车架底板16。车架I的前端和后端均设有滚轮14。
[0045] 车架I前端的上围板12、下围板13围合成一个中空结构,内部设有电机18,电机18包括驱动电机和转向电机。驱动电机与滚轮14传动连接,使滚轮14转动,从而控制车架I的前进后退;转向电机与驱动电机的齿轮啮合可以控制车架I的转向。
[0046] 电机18后端设有电瓶17,电瓶17通过电路与电机18相连。
[0047] 车架I的车架底板16设有配重板,用于平衡货物。
[0048] 车架I后端是门架固定轴15,通过门架固定轴15将门架2固定在车架I上。
[0049] 门架2包括内门架21、中门架22和外门架23,内门架21包括内门架上横梁211、内门架下横梁212、内门架轴头213,外门架23包括外门架上横梁231、外门架下横梁232、外门架轴头233、外门架安装轴234。
[0050] 外门架23通过外门架安装轴234和门架固定轴15,固定在车架I上。外门架23通过外门架轴头233连接中门架22,中门架22固定连接有边缸,边缸底部固定连接在车架I上。内门架21通过内门架轴头213与中门架22相连,内门架21固定连接有自由行程缸,自由行程缸通过链条连接载货架3。内门架21可以沿着外门架23上下滑动。
[0051] 门架2的工作原理:通过控制液压站的电磁阀来控制门架2起升下降。首先是固定于内门架21的自由行程缸起升,通过链条带动载货架3上升,门架2不动。当自由行程缸起升到最大高度时,固定于中门架22的边缸开始起升,中门架22上升;中门架22上的链轮相当于动滑轮,通过链条带动内门架21同步上升;最终带动载货架3同步上升。
[0052] 载货架3呈倒“几”字形,位于车架I中间。载货架3通过滚轮14与内门架21相连。载货架3包括前竖直段301、下水平段302、后竖直段303、上水平段304,前竖直段301和下水平段302相互垂直,下水平段302和后竖直段303相互垂直,后竖直段303和上水平段304相互垂直;前竖直段301和后竖直段303相互平行,下水平段302和上水平段304相互平行,前竖直段301、下水平段302、后竖直段303、上水平段304依次连接。
[0053] 载货架3内部设有槽钢31,载货架3底部设有踏板32。立柱34通过立柱固定板35固定。立柱34的两侧设有背部折板37,背部折板37处设有左部门架板38和右部门架板36。
[0054] 载货架3的左部门架板38和右部门架板36处设有挡架4。挡架4包括上挡架41、中挡架42和下挡架43,上挡架41、中挡架42、下挡架43处均设有挡架转轴40,可以同时上翻和复原。
[0055] 上挡架41通过上挡架转轴410连接在载货架3上。中挡架42通过中挡架转轴420连接在载货架3上。下挡架43通过下挡架转轴430连接在载货架3上。
[0056] 上挡架41上设有控制操作系统,包括控制盒411、方向盘412、下降同步按钮413、喇叭414、电量表415、上升按钮416、下降按钮417、急停按钮418、加速器419、开关钥匙420。这些控制操作系统控制车子的前进后退,上升下降,开关,转向以及急停,使得操作人员,可以在搬运货物之后迅速回位,操作车辆,有效的节省了操作平台所带来的空间和材料。
[0057] 载货架3前端设有载货平台6,载货平台6采用网格形式,可以放置货物,视野方便。
[0058] 总之,以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例,凡依本发明申请专利范围所作的均等变化与修饰,皆应属本发明专利的涵盖范围。

Claims (8)

1.电动拣选车,包括车架(I )、门架(2)和载货架(3),车架(I)包括车头(101)和车尾(102),定义从车头(101)至车尾(102)为从前端至后端的方向,其特征在于:载货架(3)位于车架(I)的中间段的上方,载货架(3)的底部位于车头(101)和车尾(102)之间;车架(I)后端固定连接有门架(2),门架(2)前端固定连接有载货架(3);车架(I)的前端和后端均设有滚轮(14);载货架(3)包括前竖直段(301)、下水平段(302)、后竖直段(303)和上水平段(304),前竖直段(301)、下水平段(302)、后竖直段(303)、上水平段(304)依次连接,前竖直段(301)和下水平段(302)相互垂直,下水平段(302)和后竖直段(303)相互垂直,后竖直段(303)和上水平段(304)相互垂直;前竖直段(301)和后竖直段(303)位于下水平段(302)的两端,下水平段(302)和上水平段(304)位于后竖直段(303)的两端,上水平段(304)的前端与后竖直段(303)连接。
2.根据权利要求1所述的电动拣选车,其特征在于:车架(I)后端设有门架固定轴(15),门架固定轴(15)上设有门架(2)。
3.根据权利要求1所述的电动拣选车,其特征在于:门架(2)包括内门架(21)、中门架(22)和外门架(23),内门架(21)沿中门架(22)上下滑动,中门架(22)沿外门架(23)上下滑动。
4.根据权利要求1所述的电动拣选车,其特征在于:前竖直段(301)的前端设有载货平台(6),载货平台(6)、前竖直段(301)、下水平段(302)、后竖直段(303)、上水平段(304)依次连接,载货平台(6)与前竖直段(301)相互垂直。
5.根据权利要求1所述的电动拣选车,其特征在于:载货架(3)上设有挡架(4),挡架(4)上设有挡架转轴(40 ),挡架(4)通过挡架转轴(40 )连接在载货架(3 )上,并可以在载货架(3)上进行上翻和复原。
6.根据权利要求4所述的电动拣选车,其特征在于:载货平台(6)包括横条(61)和竖条(62),横条(61)和竖条(62)相互垂直。
7.根据权利要求5所述的电动拣选车,其特征在于:挡架(4)包括上挡架(41)、中挡架(42)和下挡架(43)。
8.根据权利要求7所述的电动拣选车,其特征在于:上挡架(41)设有控制盒(411)、方向盘(412)、下降同步按钮(413)、喇叭(414)、电量表(415)、上升按钮(416)、下降按钮(417)、急停按钮(418)、加速器(419)和开关钥匙(420)。
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CN201110417715.3A CN102556897B (zh) 2011-12-14 2011-12-14 电动拣选车
US13/707,169 US10214402B2 (en) 2011-12-14 2012-12-06 Personnel lift vehicle
US13/760,168 US9440830B2 (en) 2011-12-14 2013-02-06 Personnel lift vehicle
US16/248,343 US20190144250A1 (en) 2011-12-14 2019-01-15 Personnel Lift Vehicle

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