CN102555192B - Preform transmission device - Google Patents

Preform transmission device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102555192B
CN102555192B CN201210017568.5A CN201210017568A CN102555192B CN 102555192 B CN102555192 B CN 102555192B CN 201210017568 A CN201210017568 A CN 201210017568A CN 102555192 B CN102555192 B CN 102555192B
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China
Prior art keywords
bottle
armed lever
clamp assemblies
bottle base
template
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CN201210017568.5A
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CN102555192A (en
Inventor
蔡桂森
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ZHEJIANG HONGZHEN MACHINE MOULD GROUP CO Ltd
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ZHEJIANG HONGZHEN MACHINE MOULD GROUP CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201210017568.5A priority Critical patent/CN102555192B/en
Publication of CN102555192A publication Critical patent/CN102555192A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a preform transmission device. In the prior art, the actions of shifting a preform in and out of a die are incompatible, which needs a large bottle body pop-up space. The preform transmission device provided by the invention comprises a frame and a template installed on the frame, and is characterized in that two ends of the template are respectively provided with a guide groove; a driving assembly is arranged at one side of the guide groove; the driving assembly comprises a longitudinal driving mechanism and a horizontal moving mechanism, wherein the horizontal moving mechanism is driven by the longitudinal driving mechanism; the horizontal moving mechanism is provided with an arm lever, on which two groups of clamping forks are installed; the two groups of clamping forks are arranged side by side; the movement of the arm lever is controlled by the longitudinal driving mechanism and the horizontal moving mechanism together, thus, the arm lever can be moved in the horizontal plane at random, and the preform and a bottle body can be translated uniformly. The preform transmission device, disclosed by the invention, has the advantages of improving work efficiency, reducing wear-out of machine parts and prolonging service life of machinery.

Description

A kind of preform transmission device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of installation and be configured in the preform transmission device on bottle blowing machine, particularly a kind of for the bottle base heating being transferred to blowing station and the bottle of having blown being shifted out to the bottle base transmission armed lever of blowing station.
Background technology
Two step method is manufactured the bottle blowing machine of hollow blow molding container in the time producing plastic containers, catch bar inserts through the bottle base of heating and bottle base is moved in the mould of being located in template along slideway, after bottle base has been blown, by opening left-right template the end template that overturns, bottle is ejected from mould, there is lower column defects in the preform transmission device of this structure: bottle base moves into mold mechanism and shift out mold mechanism separate, easily makes exercise not harmony, commissioning device complexity; Eject in the process of mould at bottle, require left-right template to have larger folding distance, increased the displacement of template, both lowered efficiency, also parts easy to wear.
Summary of the invention
The technical assignment of the technical problem to be solved in the present invention and proposition is the technological deficiency that action is prone to when overcoming technology bottle base formerly and moving into and shift out mould inharmonious and bottle needs larger mould distance while shifting out mould, and while providing the unified and bottle of a kind of bottle base shift action to shift out mould, required folding mould transmits armed lever apart from less bottle base.
The present invention realizes in the following manner: a kind of preform transmission device, comprise frame and rack-mounted template, described template two ends are provided with gathering sill, described gathering sill one side is provided with driven unit, the transverse moving mechanism that described driven unit comprises longitudinal driving mechanism and driven by longitudinal driven unit, described transverse moving mechanism is provided with an armed lever, and two groups of clamping forks are installed on described armed lever, and two groups of described clamping forks are arranged side by side.In this programme, longitudinal driving mechanism and transverse moving mechanism co-controlling armed lever move, in the time that longitudinal driving mechanism is done longitudinally action, transverse moving mechanism travels longitudinally together with armed lever, in the time that transverse moving mechanism is done transverse movement, longitudinally actuator is motionless, armed lever is done transverse movement, cooperatively interact by longitudinal driving mechanism and transverse moving mechanism, realize any movement of armed lever in horizontal plane, bottle base and bottle can be suspended in gathering sill by its technique ring, and move along gathering sill, complete respectively bottle base by two groups of clamping forks and send into template, bottle shifts out the task of template, realizing base transmits with bottle is unified, because bottle is gone out mould by vertical translation, only need less folding mould distance, increase work efficiency, reduce component wear, improve mechanical service life.
As preferably, described armed lever discharge end connects a bottle moving assembly.In this programme, the bottle of having blown is pitched by translation and is gone out template by clamping, and is dialled from bottle blowing machine by bottle moving assembly.
As preferably, described longitudinal driving mechanism comprises that one is fixed in cylinder in frame and the movable plate by air cylinder driven.In this programme, realize the stretching motion of piston rod to conveying high-pressure gas in cylinder, thereby drive movable plate to vertically move, owing to vertically moving, distance is shorter, just can meet the requirement to translational speed by cylinder, and the required source of the gas of cylinder can obtain from blowing source of the gas, without special air feed equipment.
As preferably, above described movable plate, be provided with guide post, described guide post two ends are plugged on respectively in the fairlead of being located in frame.In this programme, utilize guide post that movable plate is suspended in frame, and utilize itself and the slip of fairlead to be nested with to coordinate and realize movable plate and move reposefully, guarantee armed lever mobile accuracy.
As preferably, described transverse moving mechanism comprises a servomotor and a Timing Belt by driven by servomotor, and described servomotor is placed on described movable plate, and described Timing Belt is positioned at movable plate below, and a connection piece is connected to armed lever on Timing Belt.In this programme, because transverse moving mechanism is placed on movable plate, can be along with movable plate travels longitudinally together, driven by servomotor Timing Belt is made traverse motion, because the required horizontal operating distance of armed lever is longer, utilize servomotor to move feature fast, accurately, being conducive to armed lever, to realize transverse movement accurate fast; Armed lever is affixed by connector and Timing Belt active section, makes armed lever along with Timing Belt is done transverse movement.
As preferably, below movable plate, be provided with guide rail, described armed lever is slidably connected on described guide rail by a slide block.In this programme, corresponding slide block and the guide rail arranging guarantees that armed lever transverse movement is steady, and realizes bottle base and accurately transmitted.
As preferably, described gathering sill is formed by symmetrically arranged holder blank and bottle supporting part, described holder blank and bottle supporting part upper surface flush.In this programme, holder blank is placed in the feed end of template, and bottle supporting part is placed in the discharge end of template, holder blank and bottle supporting part upper surface flush, facilitate bottle base translation turnover template, mould upper surface, bottle base technique ring are mated with gathering sill, increase work efficiency, and armed lever is located at template top, described holder blank is for support bottle base technique ring, bottle base top bottleneck was not heated in heating process in early stage, had certain hardness, met clamping and pitched hardness requirement when bottleneck is clamped.
As preferably, described two groups of clamping forks are divided into bottle base clamp assemblies and bottle clamp assemblies, described bottle base clamp assemblies and bottle clamp assemblies all comprise at least two and the equal clamping fork of quantity, and described bottle moving assembly comprises quantity and the driving lever that on described bottle base clamp assemblies, bottle clamp assemblies, clamping fork equates.In this programme, different assemblies are according to the multi-form accessory of its functional configuration, determine manipulator quantity and spacing in each assembly according to the mould situation in template, the effect that bottle base clamp assemblies and bottle clamp assemblies are realized respectively base, bottle immigration and shifted out mould, use clamping fork to guarantee the accuracy that bottle base transmits, bottle moving assembly need be dialled the bottle machining from bottle blowing machine, and required precision is not high, utilize driving lever, save manufacturing cost.
As preferably, described clamping fork comprises a rotating shaft and is connected in described rotating shaft and symmetrically arranged grip block, and described grip block one end is provided with the annular groove corresponding with bottle base technique ring, and the other end has blind hole, holding one back-moving spring in two blind holes.In this programme, utilize clamping fork to realize the accurate conveying to bottle base, in the time of needs clamping fork clamping bottle base, bottle base is aimed to clamping fork annular groove notch and pushed, the grip block of both sides is located at the back-moving spring of the grip block other end by rotating shaft effect compression, make annular groove notch become large, be convenient to bottleneck and enter annular groove, along with bottleneck is absorbed in annular groove, back-moving spring forces grip block to reset, realize clamping fork parcel bottleneck, in the time that bottle base will depart from from clamping fork, bottle base is pulled out to structure practicality along notch direction, both realize accurate conveying, can easily pick and place again bottle base.
The outstanding substantive distinguishing features that the present invention has is: by transverse moving mechanism and the longitudinal driving mechanism of interlock, realize armed lever moves freely in horizontal plane, on armed lever, set up bottle base clamp assemblies, bottle clamp assemblies and bottle moving assembly, make bottle base enter mould, depanning and disembark and synchronously carry out, the higher unified harmony of tool between each step action, pitch the bottle base translation of vertical state is gone out to mould by clamping, reduce the required folding mould distance of technique, both saved energy consumption, reduce component wear, increase work efficiency again.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is schematic cross-section of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is armed lever schematic perspective view;
Fig. 4 is schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is execution of the present invention structural representation for the moment;
Structural representation when Fig. 6 is execution three of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is clamping fork schematic cross-section.
In figure: 1, frame, 2, holder blank, 3, longitudinal driving mechanism, 4, transverse moving mechanism, 5, armed lever, 6, bottle base clamp assemblies, 7, bottle clamp assemblies, 8, bottle moving assembly, 9, cylinder, 10, movable plate, 11, gathering sill, 12, guide post, 13, fairlead, 14, servomotor, 15, Timing Belt, 16, bottle supporting part, 17, connector, 18, slide block, 19, guide rail, 20, clamping fork, 21, driving lever, 22, grip block, 23, annular groove, 24, back-moving spring, 25, template.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specification drawings and specific embodiments, substantive distinguishing features of the present invention is further described.
A kind of preform transmission device as shown in Fig. 1,4, comprise frame 1 and be arranged on the template 25 in frame 1, described template 25 two ends are provided with gathering sill 11, described gathering sill 11 1 sides are provided with driven unit, the transverse moving mechanism 4 that described driven unit comprises longitudinal driving mechanism 3 and driven by longitudinal driven unit 3, described transverse moving mechanism 4 is provided with an armed lever 5, and two groups of clamping forks 20 are installed on described armed lever 5, and two groups of described clamping forks 20 are arranged side by side (as shown in Figure 2,3); Described armed lever 5 discharge ends connect a bottle moving assembly 8; Described longitudinal driving mechanism 3 comprises a movable plate 10 that is fixed in the cylinder 9 in frame 1 and is driven by cylinder 9; Described transverse moving mechanism 4 comprises a servomotor 14 and a Timing Belt being driven by servomotor 14 15, described servomotor 14 is placed on described movable plate 10, described Timing Belt 15 is positioned at movable plate 10 belows, and a connection piece 17 is connected to armed lever 5 on Timing Belt 15; Gathering sill 4 is formed by symmetrically arranged holder blank 2 and bottle supporting part 26, described holder blank 2 and bottle supporting part 26 upper surface flush; Described two groups of clamping forks 20 are divided into bottle base clamp assemblies 6 and bottle clamp assemblies 7, described bottle base clamp assemblies 6 and bottle clamp assemblies 7 all comprise at least two and the equal clamping fork 20 of quantity, and described bottle moving assembly 8 comprises quantity and the driving lever 21 that on described bottle base clamp assemblies 6, bottle clamp assemblies 7, clamping fork equates.
In order to realize armed lever 5 actions fast, accurately, realize in the following manner: described movable plate 10 tops are provided with guide post 12, and described guide post 12 two ends are plugged on respectively in the fairlead 13 of being located in frame 1; Movable plate 10 belows are provided with guide rail 19, and described armed lever 5 is slidably connected at described guide rail 19 by a slide block 18; Described clamping fork 20 comprises a rotating shaft and is connected in described rotating shaft and symmetrically arranged grip block 22, described grip block 22 one end are provided with the annular groove 23 corresponding with bottle base technique ring, the other end has blind hole, and in two blind holes, holding one back-moving spring 24(as shown in Figure 7).
In concrete operations, the width of described gathering sill 11 can be according to the diameter adjustment of bottle base technique ring.
Armed lever 5 carries out do action in the time of work, and each circulation comprises four actions: action one, and the piston rod in cylinder 9 is made stretching motion, drives transverse moving mechanism 4 and armed lever 5 to do together longitudinal tensile strain motion; Action two, servomotor 14 drives Timing Belt 15 to rotate towards a direction, thus band semaphore 5 is done transverse movement towards a direction together; Action three, the piston rod in cylinder 9 returns back to longitudinal initial position as contractile motion, drives transverse moving mechanism 4 and armed lever 5 to move to longitudinal initial position as longitudinal contraction together; Action four, servomotor 14 drives Timing Belt 15 to rotate to another way, and 5 transverse movements of band semaphore, to horizontal initial position, make armed lever 5 realize " mouth " shape shuttling movement.
In concrete operations, bottle base is bottleneck state upward man-hour all the time adding, due to deliquescing after bottle parison heating, in bottleneck down the bottle base of state can produce bending because of Action of Gravity Field, thereby affect bottle base blowing effect.
In concrete operations; described armed lever 5 is placed in the top of mould-assembling mechanism of bottle blow-moulding machine; template 25 side adjacent with baking oven is provided with blank supporting plate; opposite side is provided with bottle supporting part 16; the center line chute of blank supporting plate, the center line chute of bottle supporting part 16, left-right template 25 are closed up the gap of rear formation and vertical projection that 21 annular grooves 23 are pitched in described clamping in same direction, the blank supporting plate of described clamping one side and baking oven, point are used in conjunction with each other apart from device.
In use, in chronological sequence sequentially taking three circulations as example:
Enter first circulation: first batch of bottle base heats by baking oven and divided apart from device and equidistantly divide and be listed on described blank supporting plate; Armed lever 5 moves the bottle base of, the first batch and is clamped by bottle base clamp assemblies 6; After clamping, template 25 is carried out die sinking action, makes 25 of templates form bottle base transfer passage; Armed lever 5 moves two, and armed lever 5 is done transverse movement towards the direction of bottle moving assembly 8 place ends, and the first batch of bottle base being clamped on bottle base clamp assemblies 6 is transported in the mould of 25 of templates; Deng armed lever 5 move two complete after, template 25 is carried out mould assembling action, realizes the support to first batch of bottle base by the template 25 of closing up; Armed lever 5 moves three, the first batches of bottle bases and is subject to the position-limiting action of template 25, departs from bottle base clamp assemblies 6; Stretch blow bar inserts first batch of bottle base, blows operation; Armed lever 5 moves four, the second batches of bottle bases and completes heating operation and point equidistantly point be listed on blank supporting plate apart from device, and the blowing operation of first batch of bottle base completes.
Enter second circulation: armed lever 5 moves one, bottle base clamp assemblies 6 clamps second batch of bottle base, and bottle clamp assemblies 7 clamps first sub-assembly (as shown in Figure 5) of having blown; Template 25 is carried out die sinking operation; Armed lever 5 moves two, the second batches of bottle bases and is transported in mould, and first batch of bottle base moved to (as shown in Figure 6) on bottle supporting part 16; Template 25 is carried out matched moulds operation, realizes the support to second batch of bottle base by the template 25 of closing up; Armed lever 5 moves three, the second batches of bottle bases and bottle base clamp assemblies 6 and departs from, and first batch of bottle base and bottle clamp assemblies 7 depart from and be suspended on bottle supporting part 16; Stretch blow bar inserts second batch of bottle base, blows operation; Armed lever 5 moves four, the three batches of bottle bases and completes heating operation and point equidistantly point be listed on blank supporting plate apart from device, and the blowing operation of second batch of bottle base completes.
Enter the 3rd circulation: armed lever 5 moves one, bottle base clamp assemblies 6 clamps the 3rd batch of bottle base, and bottle clamp assemblies 7 clamps the second batch sub-assembly of having blown, and the driving lever of bottle moving assembly 8 and first batch of bottle base dislocation are planted; Template 25 is carried out die sinking operation; Armed lever 5 moves two, the three batches of bottle bases and is transported in mould, and second batch of bottle base moved on bottle supporting part 16, and first batch of bottle base set aside from bottle supporting part 16 in driving lever effect, completes blowing operation; Template 25 is carried out matched moulds operation, realizes the support to the 3rd batch of bottle base by the template 25 of closing up; Armed lever 5 moves three, the three batches of bottle bases and bottle base clamp assemblies 6 and departs from, and second batch of bottle base and bottle clamp assemblies 7 depart from and be suspended on bottle supporting part 16; Stretch blow bar inserts the 3rd batch of bottle base, blows operation; Armed lever 5 moves four, the four batches of bottle bases and completes heating operation and point equidistantly point be listed on blank supporting plate apart from device, and the blowing operation of the 3rd batch of bottle base completes.
Do action in this order, realizes bottle blowing operation rapidly and efficiently.

Claims (3)

1. a preform transmission device, comprise frame (1) and be arranged on the template (25) in frame (1), it is characterized in that described template (25) two ends are provided with gathering sill (11), described gathering sill (11) one sides are provided with driven unit, the transverse moving mechanism (4) that described driven unit comprises longitudinal driving mechanism (3) and driven by longitudinal driving mechanism (3), described transverse moving mechanism (4) is provided with an armed lever (5), the upper two groups of clamping forks (20) of installing of described armed lever (5), described two groups of clamping forks (20) are arranged side by side, described armed lever (5) discharge end connects a bottle moving assembly (8), described longitudinal driving mechanism (3) comprises a movable plate (10) that is fixed in the cylinder (9) in frame (1) and is driven by cylinder (9), described movable plate (10) top is provided with guide post (12), described guide post (12) two ends are plugged on respectively in the fairlead (13) of being located in frame (1), described transverse moving mechanism (4) comprises a servomotor (14) and a Timing Belt (15) being driven by servomotor (14), described servomotor (14) is placed on described movable plate (10), described Timing Belt (15) is positioned at movable plate (10) below, a connection piece (17) is connected to armed lever (5) on Timing Belt (15), movable plate (10) below is provided with guide rail (19), described armed lever (5) is slidably connected on described guide rail (19) by a slide block (18), described two groups of clamping forks (20) are divided into bottle base clamp assemblies (6) and bottle clamp assemblies (7), described bottle base clamp assemblies (6) and bottle clamp assemblies (7) all comprise at least two and the equal clamping fork (20) of quantity, described bottle moving assembly (8) comprises quantity and described bottle base clamp assemblies (6), the equal driving lever (21) of the upper clamping fork of bottle clamp assemblies (7).
2. a kind of preform transmission device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described gathering sill (11) is formed by symmetrically arranged holder blank (2) and bottle supporting part (26), described holder blank (2) and bottle supporting part (26) upper surface flush.
3. a kind of preform transmission device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described clamping fork (20) comprises a rotating shaft and is connected in described rotating shaft and symmetrically arranged grip block (22), described grip block (22) one end is provided with the annular groove (23) corresponding with bottle base technique ring, the other end has blind hole, holding one back-moving spring (24) in two blind holes.
CN201210017568.5A 2012-01-19 2012-01-19 Preform transmission device Active CN102555192B (en)

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CN102555192B true CN102555192B (en) 2014-06-18

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103358535A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-10-23 浙江宏振机械模具集团有限公司 Conveying device equipped with linear reciprocating armed level
CN104429705B (en) * 2014-10-23 2016-10-05 浙江理工大学 Single driving limit-type displacement of springing moves alms bowl mechanical hand
CN106042331B (en) * 2016-07-12 2018-11-30 德玛克(长兴)包装机械有限公司 Bottle blowing machine toothed belt transmission bottle-delivery mechanism
CN106738800A (en) * 2017-01-04 2017-05-31 冯伟君 A kind of bottle blowing machine enters base and blanking integrated device

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JP4796711B2 (en) * 2001-06-01 2011-10-19 日精エー・エス・ビー機械株式会社 Blow molding equipment
JP3874173B2 (en) * 2002-01-28 2007-01-31 株式会社吉野工業所 Preform transfer device
CN100358704C (en) * 2004-10-10 2008-01-02 昌盛达机械(浙江)有限公司 Full automatic bottle blowing machine

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