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Cultivating method of Sea anemone parents

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CN102550452B
CN102550452B CN 201110458867 CN201110458867A CN102550452B CN 102550452 B CN102550452 B CN 102550452B CN 201110458867 CN201110458867 CN 201110458867 CN 201110458867 A CN201110458867 A CN 201110458867A CN 102550452 B CN102550452 B CN 102550452B
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cultivating
method
sea
anemone
parents
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CN102550452A (en )
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杨海萍
吴建平
刘海林
张志勇
沈德华
许津
徐献民
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江苏省海洋水产研究所
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种海葵亲体培养方法,包括:采集健康、活力强、无损伤、触手齐全,足部完好的海葵,置于亲体培养系统中培养,使之成熟产卵、排精,配子受精后收集受精卵,移入育苗池中进行胚胎培育和育苗。 The present invention relates to a sea anemone parent culture method, comprising: collecting strong health, vitality, no damage, tentacle complete, intact foot anemone, parent culture was placed in the culture system, so Spawning, ejaculation, gametes after collecting fertilized eggs, embryos into breeding ponds for breeding and cultivation. 本发明的海葵亲体培养方法具有方便投喂管理,便于长期培养,易于观察,培养效果好,水体循环利用,受精卵连续收集等优点,解决了挖掘生活型海葵沉性受精卵难以有效收集的技术难点,受精卵孵化率高,残饵及消化残余物易清除,可操作性强,具有良好的实用性。 Anemone parent culture method of the present invention has managed to facilitate feeding for long term culture, easy to observe, to develop a good effect, water recycling, continuously collected eggs, etc., to solve the mining anemone life type sinking difficult to effectively collect the fertilized egg technical difficulties, hatching rate, the residue was digested bait and easy to clean, easy to operate, has good usability.

Description

一种海葵亲体的培养方法 A method for culturing anemone broodstock

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于水产养殖领域,特别涉及一种海葵亲体培养方法。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of aquaculture, in particular to a method anemone parent culture.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]中华仙影海葵个体大,营养价值高,口感鲜美,是一种高档食用水产品,海葵的毒素可用于降血压、凝血,对心脏神经和肌肉有止痛作用,具有安神镇静、止痛、抗衰老、抗癌变的药用价值,中华仙影海葵也是生物毒素研究对象和观赏水族,在我国沿海有自然分布,但自然资源很少。 [0002] Chinese Xian Ying anemone individual, high nutritional value, taste delicious, it is a high consumption of fish, sea anemone toxin can be used to lower blood pressure, blood clotting, nerve analgesic effects on the heart and muscles, soothe the nerves calm, analgesic, anti-aging, anti-cancer medicinal value change, China Xian Ying anemone study also biological toxins and ornamental aquarium in China's coastal natural distribution, but few natural resources. 目前中华仙影海葵商品完全依靠采捕自然资源,不能满足市场需求,开展人工繁殖及养殖技术的研究是水产业发展的必然途径。 Currently China Xian Ying anemones goods entirely on harvesting natural resources, can not meet the market demand, research on artificial propagation and breeding technology is the only way aquaculture development.

[0003] 进行亲·体培养,使其成熟产卵受精,取得受精卵是人工繁殖的基础。 [0003] were pro-culture, so mature spawning fertilization, the fertilized egg is made the basis of artificial reproduction. 中华仙影海葵人工繁殖的研究尚处于初创阶段,国内只有江苏省海洋水产研究所开展此项工作。 A Study of Chinese Xian Ying anemone artificial breeding is still in its infancy, this work were only Jiangsu Marine Fisheries Research Institute. 中华仙影海葵在泥沙中营挖掘型生活,靠触手及刺细胞被动性捕食水中游过的小型水生动物为生。 Chinese Xian Ying mining camp anemone living in the sediment type, tentacles and stinging cells by passive prey to swim across the water of small aquatic animals for a living. 人工条件下模拟自然生态采用泥沙底质培养时残饵和消化残余物不易清除,长期培养会造成底质恶化而死亡,中华仙影海葵受精卵为沉性卵,传统方法难以将受精卵与构成底质的泥沙分离,受精卵的采集成为了人工繁殖的技术瓶颈。 Simulation under artificial conditions using natural ecological culture when silt sediment bait and digestion residues easy to remove, can cause long-term culture sediment deterioration and death, Chinese Xian Ying Shen eggs fertilized egg anemones, traditional methods difficult to fertilized eggs sediment separation constituting the sediment, collected zygote becomes bottleneck artificial propagation.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明所要解决的问题是提供一种海葵亲体培养方法,其技术方案包括以下步骤: [0004] The present invention aims to solve is to provide a sea anemone parent culture method aspect comprises the steps of:

[0005] A.亲体采集 [0005] A. Affinity picking

[0006] 采集海葵亲体,准备亲体培养; [0006] Acquisition broodstock anemone, prepare the parent culture;

[0007] B.建立亲体培养系统,包括: [0007] B. establishing parent culture system, comprising:

[0008] 亲体培养槽,培养架,亲体培养罐,出水管,残饵及消化残余物分离槽,集卵网箱,集卵槽,进水管,海葵亲体,散气石,气泵及气路,水泵及管路,其中:海葵亲体培养于亲体培养罐中,亲体培养罐置于培养架中,培养架安放于亲体培养槽中,水流通过出水管流入残饵及消化残余物分离槽,受精卵随水流入集卵网箱,集卵网箱置于集卵槽中,水体经水泵及管路、进水管流入亲体培养槽,气泵及气路连接散气石,给散气石供气。 [0008] The parent culture tank, the culture frame, the parent culture tank outlet pipe, bait and digestion residue separation tank set eggs cages, set eggs tank, inlet, anemone broodstock, diffuser stone, pump and the air passage , pumps and piping, wherein: the parent culture anemone parent culture tank body, the parent culture jar was placed in a training aircraft, training aircraft seated in the parent culture tank, water flows into the outlet pipe through the bait and the residue was digested separation tank, fertilized egg with the water flowing into the collector cage, the cage egg collector egg collection tank is placed, pipes and pumps the water through inlet pipe flows into the parent culture tank, pump and gas connections diffuser stone to stone bulk gas supply .

[0009] 所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:所述的海葵亲体是中华仙影海葵亲体。 One kind of sea anemone parent culture method [0009] according to, wherein: said body is a Chinese parent anemone anemone Sin Movies broodstock.

[0010] 所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:步骤A采集的海葵亲体是在3-4月采集的健康、活力强、无损伤、触手齐全、足部完好的海葵亲体。 One kind of sea anemone parent culture method [0010] according to, characterized by the steps of: A collection anemone broodstock in March-April collected health, vitality strong, no damage, tentacle complete, intact foot anemone broodstock.

[0011] 所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:步骤B所述系统中亲体培养槽为圆形,中央底部为平缓的锥形,培养槽中央设亲体阻隔筒,中央水流通过亲体阻隔筒经中央出水口流入出水管,散气石在亲体阻隔筒内产生气升作用使亲体培养槽中形成垂直对流,进水管沿亲体培养槽上口切线方向设置,水泵及管路使进水管造成射流形成水平环流。 One kind of sea anemone parent culture method [0011] according to, wherein: said step B the parent system culture chamber is circular, the central flat bottom tapered culture tank provided broodstock central cylindrical barrier, the water flow through the central broodstock barrier tube outlet flows through the central outlet pipe, the diffuser stone produced in the parent barrel of a barrier gas-lift effect a parental culture vessel to form a vertical convection, the inlet pipe along the upper opening groove parent culture tangential direction, the intake pump and piping water jet formation caused by horizontal circulation.

[0012] 所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:步骤B所述系统中还包括环形培养架模块和扇形培养架模块,其中I个环形培养架模块和多个扇形培养架模块组合成培养架整体安放于亲体培养槽内,多个亲体培养罐均匀安装于培养架上,调节水泵及管路流速保持水位。 One kind of sea anemone parent culture method [0012] according to, wherein: said step B further comprises an annular culture system module and the sector training aircraft carrier module, wherein the annular culture I frame and a plurality of fan-shaped culturing module rack module integrally combined into a training aircraft seated in the parent culture tank, a culture tank broodstock plurality of uniformly attached to the culture frame, adjust the pump flow rate and maintain the level line.

[0013] 所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:其中I个环形培养架模块和8个扇形培养架模块组合成培养架整体安放于亲体培养槽内,160个亲体培养罐均匀安装于培养架上。 One kind of sea anemone parent culture method [0013] above, wherein: wherein I culture annular rack module and eight modules are combined into a sector training aircraft parent culture even whole culture vessel, 160 broodstock training aircraft placed in the tank rack mounted on the train.

[0014] 所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:人工投喂海葵饵料供海葵亲体摄食,残饵及消化残余物随水流进入残饵及消化残余物分离槽。 One kind of sea anemone parent culture method [0014] according to, wherein: feeding artificial bait anemone anemone donor parent body feeding, the residue was digested with bait and bait into the water and the residue was separated digestion tank.

[0015] 所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:底部散气石充气维持集卵槽水体中溶氧量,保证受精卵在优良水质中达高孵化率。 One kind of sea anemone parent culture method [0015] according to, characterized in that: the bottom of the pneumatic diffuser stone to maintain the amount of dissolved oxygen in water tank set eggs, hatchability of fertilized eggs to ensure good water quality in the.

[0016] 本发明中华仙影海葵亲体培养系统有益效果: [0016] Chinese Sin Movies anemone culture system of the present invention is affinity beneficial effects:

[0017] 该系统解决受精卵收集的难题,避免了传统方法需要使用泥沙做底质,使得残饵和消化残余物易于分离去除,具有可长期培养,易于管理,受精卵连续收集,孵化率高的优点,具有良好的应用前景。 [0017] The system solves the problem of collecting fertilized eggs, avoiding the need to use conventional methods to make sediment sediment, so that bait and the residue was digested easily separated and removed, having long-term culture, easy to manage, continuously collected eggs, hatchability the advantages of high, has a good prospect. 本发明的推广使用将促进海葵人工繁殖和养殖业的发展。 Promote the use of the present invention will facilitate anemone artificial breeding and the development of aquaculture.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018] 图1为亲体培育系统侧视图 [0018] FIG. 1 is a side view of the system of broodstock

[0019] 图2为亲体培育槽俯视图 [0019] FIG. 2 is a plan view of the groove broodstock

[0020] 图3为模块结构示意图 [0020] FIG. 3 is a schematic block configuration

[0021] 附图标记: I 亲体培养槽,2 培养架,3 亲体培养罐,4 亲体阻隔筒,5出水管,6残饵及消化残余物分离槽,7集卵网箱,8集卵槽,9进水管,10水位,11海葵亲体,12散气石,13气泵及气路,14 水泵及管路,15垂直对流,16中央出水口,17中央水流,18水平环流,19环形培养架模块,20扇形培养架模块。 [0021] reference numerals: I affinity culture tank, 2 training aircraft, 3 broodstock culture tank, 4 broodstock barrier tube, 5 outlet pipe 6 bait and digestion residue separation tank 7 set eggs cages, 8 set eggs groove , the inlet pipe 9, the water level 10, 11 broodstock anemone, stone diffuser 12, the air pump 13 and the gas passage, piping and pumps 14, 15 vertical convection, the central outlet 16, 17 the central flow, horizontal circulation 18, 19 annular culture rack module, the module 20 fan-shaped training aircraft.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0022] 下面通过实例对本发明作进一步详细说明,但本发明不局限于以下的实例 [0022] The following described in further detail by way of example of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the following examples

[0023] 实施步骤: [0023] The steps of:

[0024] a 亲体采集,从自然海区采捕野生的中华仙影海葵成体,挑选健康强壮,没有破伤,触手齐全,足部完的中华仙影海葵作为亲体; [0024] a pro-picking, harvesting wild from natural sea anemone adult Chinese Xian Ying, choose healthy and strong, no tetanus, tentacle complete, finished the foot of the Chinese Xian Ying anemone as a parent body;

[0025] b将亲体置于亲体培养罐中培养,使用过滤海水,海水盐度20-26%。 [0025] b were placed in the parent culture parent culture tank using filtered seawater salinity is 20-26%. ,PH7.8-8.6。 , PH7.8-8.6. 启动水栗和气栗; Start the water chestnut and gas chestnut;

[0026] c水温升高至14°C以上时每日投饵,每日清除残饵和消化残余物分离槽中杂物,并清洗分离槽; [0026] c daily feeding when the water temperature rises above 14 ° C, the residue was digested remove bait and debris daily separation tank, and separating the cleaning tank;

[0027] d 水温升高至24°C-26°C以上时,海葵亲体开始成熟产卵,每日从集卵网箱收集受精卵,取卵时避免受精卵离水。 When [0027] d water temperature rises above 24 ° C-26 ° C, anemone broodstock start Spawning, fertilized eggs were collected daily from the cage egg collector, while avoiding fertilized ovum from the water.

[0028] 系统产生水流使水体在亲体培养槽一残饵及消化残余物分离槽一集卵槽一亲体培养槽之间循环。 [0028] The water flow system to produce water in the parent culture tank a bait and the residue was digested egg collector trough a separation tank circulation between a parent culture tank. 产卵后每日收集受精卵。 Daily collecting fertilized eggs after spawning.

[0029] 系统使用直径2米的园形玻璃钢水槽作为亲体培养槽,底部为缓锥型,用无毒塑料制作培养架和培养罐,培养架采用模块化设计,便于拆装和操作管理,使用充气在阻隔筒造成气升效应使培养槽中产生垂直对流,水泵动力产生切线射流形成水平环流,使受精卵和残饵及消化残余物动态进入中央出水口,经残饵和消化残余物分离槽去除杂物,受精卵进入集卵网箱,集卵网箱采用200目筛絹作网衣,产卵季节每日从集卵网箱收集受精卵,集卵槽中海水经水泵和管路抽入亲体培养槽,水体循环使用。 [0029] System 2 m diameter circular fiberglass tank as a parent culture tank, conical bottom slow, training aircraft, and non-toxic culture tanks made of plastic, the culture rack modular design, easy removal and management operations, using inflatable airlift effect caused by a vertical convection of the culture tank, a jet pump power generating tangential horizontal circulation is formed, a fertilized egg, and the residue was digested bait and dynamic barrier into the central outlet in the cylinder, the bait and the residue was digested separation tank removal of debris, into the fertilized egg collection cages, cage egg collector of 200 mesh silk as netting, spawning season cages to collect eggs daily collection from the fertilized egg, the egg collector tank by the pump and pipeline pumping seawater into the parent culture tank, circulation of water used.

实施例 Example

[0030] 2011年4月江苏省海洋水产研究所从自然海区采捕野生的中华仙影海葵成体320头作为亲体,置于2个亲体培养槽中培养,加入过滤海水,海水盐度20-26%。 [0030] in April 2011, Jiangsu Province Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries from harvesting wild natural sea anemone adult China immortal film 320 as a parent body, placed in two slots cultured broodstock culture, adding filtered seawater, salinity 20 26%. ,PH7.8-8.6。 , PH7.8-8.6. 水温升高至14°C以上时每日投饵,每日清除残饵和消化残余物分离槽中杂物,并清洗分离槽。 Daily feeding the water temperature rises above 14 ° C, the residue was digested remove bait and debris daily separation tank, separation tank and washed. 经过3个月培养,6月份以后水温升高至24°C -26°C以上时,亲体逐渐成熟开始产卵排精,每日收集集卵网箱中的受精卵用于孵化育苗1400万粒,90%以上经孵化培养成浮浪幼虫。 After 3 months of culture when, after the water temperature rises above June 24 ° C -26 ° C, began to lay eggs brood mature ejaculation, eggs were collected daily collection of fertilized eggs for hatching cages nursery 14000000 tablets, more than 90% over the culture to hatching planula.

[0031] 以上仅表达了本发明的实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对发明专利范围的限制。 [0031] Expression of the above are only embodiments of the present invention, and detailed description thereof is more specific, but can not therefore be understood to limit the scope of the invention. 应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些都属于本发明的保护范围。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, can make various changes and modifications, which fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明专利的保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。 Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1.一种海葵亲体培养方法,包括以下步骤: A.亲体采集: 采集海葵亲体,准备亲体培养; B.建立亲体培养系统,包括: 亲体培养槽(1),培养架(2),亲体培养罐(3),出水管(5),残饵及消化残余物分离槽(6),集卵网箱(7),集卵槽(8),进水管(9),海葵亲体(11),散气石(12),气泵及气路(13),水泵及管路(14),其中:海葵亲体(11)培养于亲体培养罐(3)中,亲体培养罐(3)置于培养架(2)中,培养架(2)安放于亲体培养槽(I)中,水流通过出水管(5)流入残饵及消化残余物分离槽(6),受精卵随水流入集卵网箱(7),集卵网箱(7)置于集卵槽(8)中,水体经水泵及管路(14)、进水管(9)流入亲体培养槽,气泵及气路(13)连接散气石(12),给散气石(12)供气; 步骤B所述系统中亲体培养槽(I)为圆形,中央底部为平缓的锥形,培养槽(I)中央设亲体阻隔筒(4),中央水流(17)通过亲体阻隔筒(4)经中央出水口(1 A sea anemone parent culture method, comprising the steps of: A. broodstock collection: collecting anemone broodstock prepared parent culture; B. establishing parent culture system, comprising: a parent culture tank (1), training aircraft (2), parent culture tank (3), the outlet pipe (5), the residue was separated and digestion bait tank (6), cage egg collector (7), egg collection groove (8), the inlet pipe (9), anemone broodstock ( 11), diffuser stone (12), pump and the air passage (13), pumps and piping (14), wherein: anemone parent body (11) culturing the parental culture tank (3), the parent culture tank (3) placed in training aircraft (2), a training aircraft (2) seated in the parent culture tank (I), the flow of water through the outlet pipe bait (5) and the residue was digested separation tank (6), with water flowing into the fertilized egg collection egg cage (7), set eggs cages (7) to set eggs grooves (8), a body of water by the pump and pipe (14), inlet pipe (9) into the parent culture tank, pump and the air passage (13 ) connected diffuser stone (12), a diffuser stone (12) supply; step B the parent culture tank system (I) is a circular, flat center of the bottom of the tapered, culture vessel (I) provided central broodstock barrier tube (4), a central flow (17) of a barrier by affinity cylinder (4) via the central outlet (1 6)流入出水管(5),散气石(12)在亲体阻隔筒(4)内产生气升作用使亲体培养槽(I)中形成垂直对流(15),进水管(9)沿亲体培养槽(I)上口切线方向设置,水泵及管路(14)使进水管(9)造成射流形成水平环流(18)。 6) flows into the outlet pipe (5), diffuser stone (12) in the parent body of the barrier tube (generation 4) within the gas-lift effect that the parent body (15) groove (I) formed in the vertical convection culture, the inlet pipe (9) in the parent culture groove (I) catchy tangential direction, and a pump line (14) of the intake pipe (9) is formed cause horizontal circulation jet (18).
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:所述的海葵亲体是中华仙影海葵亲体。 2. According to one of the claims 1 anemone parent culture method, wherein: said body is a Chinese parent anemone anemone Sin Movies broodstock.
3.根据权利要求`1所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:步骤A采集的海葵亲体是在3-4月采集的健康、活力强、无损伤、触手齐全、足部完好的海葵亲体。 According to claim 1. A sea anemone 'the parent culture method, wherein: the step of collecting anemone A broodstock in March-April collected health, vitality strong, no damage, complete tentacles, foot intact sea anemone broodstock.
4.根据权利要求1至3中任一所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:步骤B所述系统中还包括环形培养架模块(19)和扇形培养架模块(20),其中I个环形培养架模块(19)和多个扇形培养架模块(20 )组合成培养架(2 )整体安放于亲体培养槽(I)内,多个亲体培养罐(3)均匀安装于培养架(2)上,调节水泵及管路(14)流速保持水位(10)。 1 to 3 according to any one of a parent anemone culture method as claimed in claim, wherein: said step B further comprises an annular culture system rack module (19) and the sector culture rack module (20), where I annular culture rack module (19) and a plurality of fan-shaped culture rack module (20) into the culture carrier (2) integrally mounted to the parent culture groove (I), culture tank a plurality of parent (3) is uniformly attached to the culture frame (2), and adjust the pump conduit (14) holding the flow rate of the water level (10).
5.根据权利要求4所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:其中I个环形培养架模块(19)和8个扇形培养架模块(20)组合成培养架(2)整体安放于亲体培养槽(I)内,160个亲体培养罐(3)均匀安装于培养架(2)上。 5. According to a method of anemone parent culture according to claim 4, wherein: wherein I culture annular rack module (19) and eight sectors culture rack module (20) into the culture carrier (2) integrally mounted the parent culture groove (I), 160 parent culture tank (3) is mounted on a uniform culture frame (2).
6.根据权利要求1至3中任一所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:人工投喂海葵饵料供海葵亲体(11)摄食,残饵及消化残余物随水流进入残饵及消化残余物分离槽(6)。 1-1 kinds anemone according to any one of the three parent culture method, as claimed in claim wherein: feeding, into the bait and the residue was digested with the water feeding artificial bait anemone anemone donor parent member (11) The residue was isolated and digested bait tank (6).
7.根据权利要求1至3中任一所述的一种海葵亲体培养方法,其特征在于:底部散气石(12)充气维持集卵槽(8)水体中溶氧量,保证受精卵在优良水质中达高孵化率。 The parent culture anemone A method according to any preceding claim, wherein: the bottom of the aerating stone (12) sets the amount of dissolved oxygen in water is maintained inflated egg groove (8), to ensure that the fertilized egg high hatching rate of the water quality.
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