CN102536442A - High-efficiency thermal power system - Google Patents

High-efficiency thermal power system Download PDF

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CN102536442A
CN102536442A CN2012100772671A CN201210077267A CN102536442A CN 102536442 A CN102536442 A CN 102536442A CN 2012100772671 A CN2012100772671 A CN 2012100772671A CN 201210077267 A CN201210077267 A CN 201210077267A CN 102536442 A CN102536442 A CN 102536442A
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China
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compressor
gas
inlet
power
power turbine
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CN2012100772671A
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Chinese (zh)
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靳北彪
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摩尔动力(北京)技术股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201110068982 priority
Priority to CN201110106779 priority
Priority to CN201110106779.1 priority
Application filed by 摩尔动力(北京)技术股份有限公司 filed Critical 摩尔动力(北京)技术股份有限公司
Priority to CN2012100772671A priority patent/CN102536442A/en
Publication of CN102536442A publication Critical patent/CN102536442A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/12Technologies for the improvement of indicated efficiency of a conventional ICE
    • Y02T10/121Adding non fuel substances or small quantities of secondary fuel to fuel, air or fuel/air mixture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/16Energy recuperation from low temperature heat sources of the ICE to produce additional power
    • Y02T10/163Turbocompound engines

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-efficiency thermal power system, which comprises an internal combustion engine, a gas compressor and a power turbine. A gas compressor gas inlet of the gas compressor is communicated with a low-pressure gas source. A gas compressor compressed gas outlet of the gas compressor is communicated with a power turbine gas working medium inlet of the power turbine through a pressure dynamic communication channel. A high temperature gas guide-in port is disposed on the pressure dynamic communication channel. The high temperature gas guide-in port is communicated with a combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine through an exhaust passage of the internal combustion engine. The power turbine outputs power to the gas compressor. The high-efficiency thermal power system greatly improves efficiency.

Description

高效热动力系统技术领域[0001] 本发明涉及热能与动力领域,尤其是一种高效热动力系统。 Efficient Thermal Power System Technical Field [0001] The present invention relates to the field of energy and power, especially in an efficient thermodynamic system. 背景技术[0002] 燃烧化学产物参与作功的热动力系统中,排气具有相当高的温度和一定的压力, 其总能量排放速率相当于发动机的功率。 [0002] thermodynamic system for combustion chemical products are involved in the work, the exhaust gas having a relatively high temperature and a certain pressure, which corresponds to the total energy emission rate of the engine power. 目前,虽然有使用涡轮增压系统对排气加以利用, 但是仍然有相当多的能量被浪费掉,如果能够发明一种新型技术,使上述热动力系统中的排气中的能量能够更高效地转化成动力,不管这一动力用于压气,还是用于其他用途,将进一步提高系统的效率。 At present, although the use of a turbocharger system to make use of the exhaust gas, but still a considerable amount of energy is wasted, if able to invent a new technology, the heat energy of the exhaust gas in the power system can be more efficiently into power, gas pressure regardless of the power used, or for other purposes, will further improve the efficiency of the system. 发明内容[0003] 为了实现上述目的,本发明提出的技术方案如下:一种高效热动力系统,包括内燃机、压气机和动力透平,所述压气机的压气机气体入口与低压气体源连通,所述压气机的压气机压缩气体出口与所述动力透平的动力透平气体工质入口经压动连通通道连通,在所述压动连通通道上设高温气体导入口,所述高温气体导入口经所述内燃机的排气道与所述内燃机的燃烧室连通,所述动力透平对所述压气机输出动力。 SUMMARY [0003] In order to attain the above object, the present invention proposes the following technical solution: an efficient thermal power system, comprising an internal combustion engine, compressor and power turbine, the compressor in communication with the low pressure compressor inlet gas source of gas, the compression power compressor compressor outlet of the gas turbine power turbine inlet gas medium via the movable pressure communication passage, high temperature gas inlet provided on the movable pressure communication passage, said high temperature gas introduction a combustion chamber of the engine exhaust passage and the internal combustion engine via the communication port, the output power of said power turbine compressor. [0004] 在所述压气机压缩气体出口和所述高温气体导入口之间的所述压动连通通道上设压气机压缩气体旁通口。 [0004] The gas compressed in the compressor outlet and the high-temperature gas into the dynamic pressure port disposed between the compressed gas compressor bypass port on the communication channel. [0005] 所述高效热动力系统还包括射流泵,所述压动连通通道设为所述射流泵的射流泵外管,所述高温气体导入口设为所述射流泵的射流泵动力气体喷嘴。 [0005] The system further comprises a high thermal power a jet pump, the pump action of the jet pump to the jet pump communicating passage outer tube, the high temperature gas inlet of the jet pump to power the jet pump gas nozzle . [0006] 在所述压气机压缩气体旁通口和所述高温气体导入口之间的所述压动连通通道上设控制阀。 [0006] In the compressor compressing the gas between the hot gas bypass port and said inlet pressure control valve provided on the movable communication channel. [0007] —种高效热动力系统,包括内燃机、压气机和动力透平,所述压气机的压气机气体入口与低压气体源连通,所述压气机的压气机压缩气体出口与所述动力透平的动力透平气体工质入口经压动连通通道连通,在所述压动连通通道上设排气热交换器,所述排气热交换器的热流体入口经所述内燃机的排气道与所述内燃机的燃烧室连通,所述动力透平对所述压气机输出动力。 [0007] - Species efficient thermodynamic system comprising an internal combustion engine, compressor and power turbine, the compressor and a low pressure compressor inlet gas communication with a gas source, the compressed gas of the compressor outlet and the compressor power through flat power turbine inlet gas medium via the movable pressure communicating passage, exhaust gas heat exchanger disposed on the movable pressure communicating passage, the exhaust passage of the internal combustion engine through a hot fluid inlet of the exhaust gas heat exchanger in communication with the combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine, the output power of said power turbine compressor. [0008] 在所述压气机压缩气体出口和所述排气热交换器之间的所述压动连通通道上设压气机压缩气体旁通口。 [0008] In the compressor compressing the gas between the outlet pressure and the exhaust gas heat exchanger disposed movable on the compressor bypass port communicating compressed gas passage. [0009] 所述压气机压缩气体旁通口与所述内燃机的进气道连通。 [0009] The compressor inlet compressed gas bypass port in communication with the internal combustion engine. [0010] 所述高效热动力系统还包括进气压气机,所述进气压气机的进气压气机压缩气体出口与所述内燃机的进气道连通,所述动力透平对所述进气压气机输出动力。 [0010] The thermodynamic efficiency of the system further includes an intake compressor, the intake air inlet of the compressor inlet compressor the compressed gas outlet in communication with the internal combustion engine, the power turbine to the intake compressor output power. [0011 ] 在所述排气道上设前置压气机,所述前置压气机的前置压气机气体入口与所述燃烧室连通,在所述前置压气机气体入口和所述燃烧室之间的所述排气道上设排气前置旁通口,所述排气前置旁通口与前置动力透平的前置动力透平工质入口连通,所述前置动力透平对所述前置压气机输出动力。 [0011] In the pre-combustion chamber communicating with said inlet of said compressor gas exhaust passage is provided pre-compressor, the pre-compressor, the compressor in the pre-combustion chamber gas inlet and the the exhaust passage is provided between the front exhaust bypass port, the exhaust power turbine working fluid front front front power turbine bypass port and an inlet in communication, on the front power turbine the pre-compressor output power. [0012] 在所述压气机压缩气体旁通口和所述排气热交换器之间的所述压动连通通道上设控制阀。 [0012] In the compressor compressing the gas bypass port between the exhaust gas heat exchanger and the pressure control valve provided on the movable communication channel. [0013] 在所述进气道上设控制阀。 [0013] provided on the intake control valve. [0014] 在所述排气道上设膨胀剂导入口,和/或在所述压气机气体入口处设膨胀剂导入口,和/或在所述动力透平气体工质入口处设膨胀剂导入口,和/或在所述压气机上设膨胀剂导入口,所述膨胀剂导入口与膨胀剂源连通。 [0014] The bulking agent is provided in the exhaust passage inlet, and / or bulking agent inlet provided in the gas inlet of the compressor and / or turbine inlet of the gas medium disposed in said expansion agent introduction power port, and / or expansion agent source in communication with the inlet of the expansion agent is provided on the compressor inlet, said expansion agent. [0015] 所述高效热动力系统还包括有膨胀剂吸热热交换器,所述膨胀剂吸热热交换器设在所述动力透平气体工质出口处和/或在所述压气机上,所述膨胀剂吸热热交换器的被加热流体通道与所述膨胀剂导入口连通。 The [0015] efficient thermodynamic system further comprises a heat absorbing heat exchanger expanding agent, the bulking agent or the heat absorption heat exchanger disposed in the outlet of the gas power turbine mass workers and / in the compressor, said expansion agent is heated by heat absorption heat exchanger fluid inlet passage communicating with said expansion agent. [0016] 所述高效热动力系统还包括回热器,所述回热器设置在所述压气机压缩气体出口和所述动力透平气体工质入口之间,所述回热器的加热流体通道与所述动力透平的动力透平气体出口连通,所述回热器利用从所述动力透平气体出口排出的气体的余热对由所述压气机压缩气体出口流入所述动力透平气体工质入口的气体加热升温。 [0016] The system further comprises a power efficient heat regenerator, the regenerator disposed in the compressed gas outlet of the compressor and the power turbine inlet gas medium between the heating fluid in the regenerator passage of the power turbine power turbine gas discharge passage, said regenerator gas turbine waste heat exhausted from the gas outlet of the compressor powered by said pressurized gas outlet of the gas flowing into the power turbine refrigerant gas inlet heating temperature. [0017] 本发明中,所谓的“所述高效热动力系统还包括射流泵,所述压动连通通道设为所述射流泵的射流泵外管,所述高温气体导入口设为所述射流泵的射流泵动力气体喷嘴。”是指:所述压气机的压气机压缩气体出口与所述射流泵的射流泵低压气体入口连通,所述射流泵的射流泵气体出口与所述动力透平的动力透平气体工质入口连通,所述内燃机的燃烧室的排气道与所述射流泵的动力气体喷嘴连通。 [0017] In the present invention, a so-called "thermal efficiency of the power system further includes a jet pump, the pump action of the jet pump to the jet pump communicating passage outer tube, the inlet to the high temperature gas jet pump motive gas nozzle jet pump "means: the compressor outlet of the compressor a compressed gas jet pump inlet communicating the low pressure gas jet pump, the jet pump to the jet pump outlet gas turbine power the power turbine inlet gas communication with the working fluid, a combustion chamber of the engine exhaust passage and the gas nozzle jet pump power communication. [0018] 本发明中,所述射流泵是指通过动力流体引射非动力流体,两流体相互作用从一个出口排出的装置,所谓的射流泵可以是传统射流泵,也可以是非传统射流泵。 [0018] In the present invention, the jet pump means fluid ejector powered by the power non-fluid outlet means is discharged from a two fluid interaction, so-called jet pump may be a conventional jet pump and to be non-traditional jet pump. [0019] 本发明中,所述传统射流泵是指由两个套装设置的管构成的,向内管提供高压动力气体,内管高压动力气体在外管内喷射,在内管高压动力气体喷射和外管的共同作用下使内外管之间的其他气体(从外管进入的气体)沿内管高压动力气体的喷射方向产生运动的装置;所谓射流泵的外管可以有缩扩区,外管可以设为文丘里管,内管喷嘴可以设为拉瓦尔喷管,所谓的缩扩区是指外管内截面面积发生变化的区域;所述射流泵至少有三个接口或称通道,即射流泵动力气体喷嘴、射流泵低压气体入口和射流泵气体出口。 [0019] In the present invention, a conventional jet pump means is provided by a tube made of two sets, the inner tube provides a high pressure motive gas, the inner tube within the outer tube high-pressure gas ejection force, the inner tube and the outer high-pressure gas injection power interaction of the lower tube between the inner and outer tubes of other gases (from the outer tube into the gas) in the direction of the high-pressure motive gas pipe injection movement generating means; outer tube may have a so-called jet pump diverging region, the outer tube may be set venturi tube, the inner tube can be set to nozzle Laval nozzle, a so-called convergent-divergent region is a region of the outer tube inner cross-sectional area change occurs; the jet pump, said at least three ports or passages, i.e., a gas jet pump powered nozzles, jet pump inlet and a low pressure gas outlet of the gas jet pump. [0020] 本发明中,所述非传统射流泵是指由两个或两个以上相互套装设置或相互并列设置的管构成的,其中至少一个管与动力气体源连通,并且动力气体源中的动力气体的流动能够引起其他管中的气体产生定向流动的装置;所谓射流泵的管可以有缩扩区,可以设为文丘里管,管的喷嘴可以设为拉瓦尔喷管,所谓的缩扩区是指管内截面面积发生变化的区域;所述射流泵至少有三个接口或称通道,即射流泵动力气体喷嘴、射流泵低压气体入口和射流泵气体出口;所述射流泵可以包括多个射流泵动力气体喷嘴,在包括多个射流泵动力气体喷嘴的结构中,所述射流泵动力气体喷嘴可以布置在所述射流泵低压气体入口的管道中心区,也可以布置在所述射流泵低压气体入口的管道壁附近,所述射流泵动力气体喷嘴也可以是环绕所述射流泵低压气体入口管道壁的环 [0020] In the present invention, the non-traditional jet pump means is provided by two or more mutually juxtaposed to each other or set of tubes, wherein the at least one gas pipe communicating with the power source and the power source of the gas dynamic gas flow of the gas can cause the other tubes directional flow generating apparatus; a so-called jet pump tube may have a diverging region can be set to the venturi, nozzle tube can be set Laval nozzle, a so-called convergent-divergent region refers to the region of the tube cross-sectional area changes; the jet pump, said at least three ports or passages, i.e., gas nozzle jet pump power, the low pressure gas jet pump inlet and outlet of the gas jet pump; the jet pump may include a plurality of jets gas nozzle pump power, the pump power structure comprising a plurality of gas jet nozzles, the jet pump may be arranged in a motive gas nozzle duct central region of the low pressure gas jet pump inlet may be disposed in the low-pressure gas jet pump close to the wall of the inlet pipe, the jet pump may be powered gas nozzle surrounding said jet ring pump low pressure gas inlet duct wall 形喷嘴。 Shaped nozzle. [0021] 本发明中,所述膨胀剂吸热热交换器是指利用膨胀剂进行吸热的热交换器,所谓的膨胀剂是指不参与燃烧化学反应起冷却降温增加工质摩尔数作用的物质,如水,液体二氧化碳、液氮等。 [0021] In the present invention, the bulking agent is the use of heat absorption heat exchanger expansion agent absorbs heat exchanger, so-called bulking agents not involved in the combustion means from a chemical reaction to cool down the working medium increases the number of moles of action substance, such as water, liquid carbon dioxide, liquid nitrogen. [0022] 本发明的原理是:利用所述内燃机的全部排气或部分排气,对来自所述压气机的全部压缩空气或部分压缩空气进行混合式加热或间接加热,使被加热的气体推动所述动力透平形成动力;换句话说,可以看作是将所述内燃机的排气工质的压力和热量或者只是热量,导入由所述压气机和所述动力透平所构成的燃气轮机的燃烧室,在这个燃烧室内不再发生燃烧反应。 [0022] The principles of the present invention are: the use of all or part of exhaust gas of the internal combustion engine exhaust gas, for all compressed air from the compressed air compressor or a part of a hybrid or indirect heating, the heated gases push the power turbine power is formed; in other words, the exhaust gas can be regarded as the internal combustion engine working fluid pressure and heat or just heat, introduced from the compressor and the power turbine consisting of a gas turbine the combustion chamber, the combustion reaction does not occur in the combustion chamber. [0023] 本发明中,所述低压气源是指需要进行压缩的气源,可以是大气中的空气,也可以是其他气源,例如气体储罐等;所谓的进气压气机是指为所述内燃机提供进气的压气机; 所谓的前置是指在排气流上处于上游的位置。 [0023] In the present invention, the low pressure air source refers to a source gas needs to be compressed, may be atmospheric air, other gas sources may be, for example, gas tanks and the like; a so-called air compressor is defined as the providing the engine intake air compressor; refers to a so-called front position in the upstream of the exhaust flow. [0024] 本发明中的所述动力透平可以对其他机构输出动力,例如发电机等。 [0024] The power turbine of the present invention may be other power output mechanism, such as a generator and the like. [0025] 本发明中的所述前置动力透平可以对其他机构输出动力,例如发电机等。 The front of the power turbine [0025] The present invention can output power to other means, such as a generator and the like. [0026] 本发明中,所述压气机是指一切可以对气体实施压缩作用的机构,例如叶轮式压气机、活塞式压气机等。 [0026] In the present invention, the compressor mechanism refers to all possible embodiments of a gas compression action, such as an impeller-type compressor, piston compressor and the like. [0027] 本发明中,所述压气机、所述动力透平、所述进气压气机、所述前置压气机和所述前置动力透平可设为多级式或多段式,所述多段式是指多个不同轴设置的涡轮压气机或动力涡轮串联。 [0027] In the present invention, the compressor, the power turbine, the intake air compressor, the pre-compressor and a power turbine can be set to the pre-stage or multi-stage, the It refers to said multi-stage turbo compressor or a plurality of different power turbine shaft disposed in series. 所述多级式是指多个同轴设置的涡轮压气机或动力涡轮串联。 The multistage compressor is a turbine or power turbine refers to a plurality of coaxially arranged in series. [0028] 本发明中,所述控制阀可以是受控阀,也可以是逆止阀,其目的在于调整进入所述动力透平和所述压气机压缩气体旁通口之间的流量关系。 [0028] In the present invention, the control valve may be controlled valve may be a check valve, and its object is to adjust the power into the turbine compressor and the relationship between the flow of compressed gas bypass port. [0029] 本发明中,在所述前置压气机和所述前置动力透平的必要部位可以设膨胀剂导入口,所述膨胀剂导入口与膨胀剂源连通。 [0029] In the present invention, essential parts of the pre-compressor and the power turbine may be pre-disposed expansion agent inlet, said expansion agent introduction port in communication with a source of a bulking agent. [0030] 本发明中,所述内燃机是指一切燃烧化学产物参与作功的热动力系统,例如活塞式内燃机、转子活塞式内燃机、燃气轮机等。 [0030] In the present invention, it refers to all the engine combustion chemical products are involved in the thermal power system to do work, such as a piston-type internal combustion engines, rotary piston internal combustion engine, gas turbine and the like. [0031] 本发明中,在所述内燃机设为活塞式内燃机或设为转子活塞式内燃机的结构中, 所述内燃机可以是传统的吸气-压缩-作功-排气四冲程内燃机、二冲程发动机、爆排发动机或短压程充气发动机。 [0031] In the present invention, the internal combustion engine to the internal combustion engine piston or rotary piston type internal combustion engine to the structure of the internal combustion engine may be a conventional intake - compression - for power - exhaust four stroke engine, a two-stroke engine, or engine exhaust short burst pneumatic pressure drive engine. [0032] 本发明中,所述爆排发动机是指由燃烧室和膨胀作功机构构成的,只进行燃烧爆炸作功过程(含燃烧爆炸作功冲程)和排气过程,不包含吸气过程和压缩过程的热动力系统(即将热转换成功的系统),这种热动力系统中原工质(所谓原工质是指燃烧前的工质)是以充入的方式而不是吸入的方式进入燃烧室的。 [0032] In the present invention, the explosion engine exhaust means composed of a combustion chamber and expansion work means work only as explosive combustion process (including explosive combustion power stroke) and an exhaust process, does not include inhalation and thermal power compression system (the system is about to heat a successful conversion) process, which heat the working fluid power systems Plains (formerly called the working fluid refers to the working fluid prior to combustion) is filled with fashion rather than inhaled into the combustion mode chamber. [0033] 本发明中,所述短压程充气发动机是指没有独立的吸气冲程,排气过程、充气过程和压缩过程共用一个冲程,在排气、充气、压缩过程完了后进行燃烧爆炸冲程的发动机,这种发动机不是吸入低压气体,而是将预先压缩到一定程度的气体在排气过程中充入燃烧室内经过进一步压缩后进入燃烧过程;这种发动机一般说来,压缩冲程比作功冲程短,也就是说压缩冲程的容积变化量比作功冲程容积变化量小;在这种发动机中,所述压气机压缩气体出口处的气体压力越高,所述短压程充气发动机的压缩过程占一个冲程的长度的份额可以越小,在具体发动机中,可根据工况的要求,调整所述压气机压缩气体出口处的气体压力和所述短压程充气发动机的压缩冲程的压缩力度。 [0033] In the present invention, the short pneumatic pressure drive engine means that no separate intake stroke, the exhaust process, inflation process and the compression process share a stroke, an explosion stroke in the combustion exhaust gas, the inflator, over the compression process engine, this engine is not a low-pressure gas sucked, but the pre-compressed to a certain degree in the exhaust gas into the combustion chamber during charging after further compression into the combustion process; Generally this engine, the compression stroke ratio for power short stroke, that is to say the amount of volume change less than the volume change of the power stroke of the compression stroke; in this engine, the higher the compressor compression pressure of the gas at the outlet of the gas, compressing the inflated short press stroke engine accounting process share a stroke length may be smaller, in particular engine, according to the requirements of the condition, adjusting the compression stroke of the compressor of the gas pressure of the gas at the outlet of the inflator and the short press stroke engine compression strength . [0034] 本发明所公开的高效热动力系统,与传统涡轮增压内燃机相比,更充分地利用了排气中的能量,特别是排气中的热能,因此具有更高的效率。 [0034] The thermodynamic efficiency of the system disclosed in the present invention, compared with conventional turbocharged internal combustion engine, to more fully utilize the energy of the exhaust gas, especially exhaust gas heat energy, thus having a higher efficiency. [0035] 本发明所公开的高效热动力系统,所述动力透平的工作温度会明显低于传统涡轮增压系统的动力涡轮的工作温度,因此,可以降低对材料的要求,也可以将所述动力透平的转速大幅度提高。 [0035] The thermodynamic efficiency of the system disclosed in the present invention, the power turbine operating temperatures significantly lower than the conventional turbocharger power turbine system operating temperatures, therefore, possible to reduce the material requirements, may be the said power turbine speed is greatly improved. [0036] 本发明中,所述动力透平包括径流式、轴流式等一切形式的利用气体膨胀作功的叶轮机构,包括涡轮机构。 [0036] In the present invention, the power with a gas turbine includes all forms radial, axial flow impeller means such as expansion work, including the turbine. [0037] 本发明所公开的高效热动力系统中,根据发动机领域的公知技术,在必要的地方设置喷油器、火花塞、传感器等必要的部件、单元或系统。 [0037] The thermodynamic efficiency of the system disclosed in the present invention, according to known art engine, provided the necessary components injectors, spark plugs, sensors and the like where necessary, unit or system. [0038] 本发明的有益效果如下:1、本发明结构简单,制造成本低,可靠性高。 [0038] Advantageous effects of the present invention are as follows: 1, the present invention has simple structure, low manufacturing cost and high reliability. [0039] 2、本发明大幅度提高了热动力系统的效率。 [0039] 2, the present invention greatly improve the efficiency of the thermodynamic system. 附图说明[0040] 图1为本发明实施例1的结构示意图; 图 2为本发明实施例2的结构示意图; 图 3为本发明实施例3的结构示意图; 图 4为本发明实施例4的结构示意图; 图 5和图6为本发明实施例5的结构示意图 图 7和图8为本发明实施例6的结构示意图 图 9和图10为本发明实施例7的结构示意图 图 11为本发明实施例8的结构示意图; 图 12为本发明实施例9的结构示意图; 图 13为本发明实施例10的结构示意图 图 14为本发明实施例11的结构示意图 图 15为本发明实施例12的结构示意图 图 16为本发明实施例13的结构示意图 图 17为本发明实施例14的结构示意图 图 18为本发明实施例15的结构示意图 图 19为本发明实施例16的结构示意图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION [0040] Figure 1 schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the invention; FIG. 2 is schematic structural diagram of embodiment 2 of the present invention; FIG. 3 a schematic diagram of the structure of embodiment 3 of the present invention; FIG. 4 Example 4 of the present invention structural diagram; FIG. 5 and FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 5 of the embodiment 7 and FIG. 8 a schematic structural diagram of the embodiment of the present invention in Example 6 and 10 9 of the present invention a schematic structural diagram of the embodiment 7 of the present invention 11 FIG Example 12 Example 13 14 11 a schematic structural diagram of the embodiment of the present invention, the present invention is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 10 embodiment 15 of the present invention; structural diagram of embodiment 8 of the invention; FIG. 12 schematic structural diagram of embodiment 9 of the present invention. schematic structural diagram of a schematic configuration diagram of an embodiment 13 of the present invention, the structure 16 is a schematic view of embodiment 17 of the present invention Example 14 18 15 Example schematic structural diagram of embodiment of a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 16 of the present invention, the present invention 19. [0041] 其中: 1内燃机、10排气道、101燃烧室、1000排气前置旁通口、2压气机、20进气道、200进气压气机、201压气机压缩气体旁通口、2022进气压气机压缩气体出口、21压气机气体入口、 22压气机压缩气体出口、2233压动连通通道、25前置压气机、2501前置压气机气体入口、28 前置动力透平、2801前置动力透平工质入口、3动力透平、300膨胀剂吸热热交换器、301高温气体导入口、302排气热交换器、3021热流体入口、31动力透平气体工质入口、32动力透平气体工质出口、5膨胀剂导入口、500控制阀、6膨胀剂源、600射流泵、601射流泵外管、602 射流泵动力气体喷嘴、700回热器、701加热流体通道、8低压气体源。 [0041] wherein: the internal combustion engine 1, the exhaust passage 10, a combustion chamber 101, front exhaust bypass port 1000, a compressor 2, a port 20, the intake air compressor 200, compressor 201 the compressed gas bypass port, 2022 compressed gas outlet of the compressor intake, the compressor gas inlet 21, the compressed gas outlet of the compressor 22, the communication passage 2233 the pressed, pre-compressor 25, the compressor gas inlet 2501 front, front power turbine 28, 2801 pre-power turbine working fluid inlet, a power turbine 3, expanders heat absorbing heat exchanger 300, the high-temperature gas inlet 301, exhaust gas heat exchanger 302, a hot fluid inlet 3021, a power turbine 31 inlet gas medium, a power turbine 32 of the gas medium outlet, an outer expansion agent introduction port 5, a control valve 500, expansion agent source 6, jet pump 600, jet pump tube 601, a gas powered jet pump nozzle 602, a regenerator 700, a heating fluid passage 701 , 8 low pressure gas source. 具体实施方式[0042] 实施例1如图1所示的高效热动力系统,包括内燃机1、压气机2和动力透平3,所述压气机2的6压气机气体入口21与低压气体源8连通,所述压气机2的压气机压缩气体出口22与所述动力透平3的动力透平气体工质入口31经压动连通通道2233连通,在所述压动连通通道2233上设高温气体导入口301,所述高温气体导入口301经所述内燃机1的排气道10与所述内燃机1的燃烧室101连通,所述动力透平3对所述压气机2输出动力。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0042] Example 1 FIG efficient thermodynamic system of Figure 1, including the internal combustion engine 1, the compressor 2 and the power turbine 3, the gas compressor 6 2 compressor inlet 21 and a low pressure gas source 8 communication, the compressor 2 compressor compressed gas outlet 22 of the power turbine 3 power turbine inlet gas medium pressure actuator 31 via the communication passage 2233 communicating the high-temperature gas is provided on the movable pressure communication passage 2233 inlet 301, the inlet gas temperature of the internal combustion engine 301 through an exhaust passage 10 communicates with the combustion chamber 101 of the internal combustion engine 1, the power turbine output power of the compressor 2 3 pairs. [0043] 实施例2如图2所示的高效热动力系统,包括内燃机1、压气机2和动力透平3,所述压气机2的压气机气体入口21与低压气体源8连通,所述压气机2的压气机压缩气体出口22与所述动力透平3的动力透平气体工质入口31经压动连通通道2233连通,在所述压动连通通道2233上设排气热交换器302,所述排气热交换器302的热流体入口3021经所述内燃机1的排气道10与所述内燃机1的燃烧室101连通,所述动力透平3对所述压气机2输出动力。 [0043] Embodiment efficient thermodynamic system shown in FIG. 2 cases, including the internal combustion engine 1, the compressor 2 and the power turbine 3, the gas compressor 2 compressor inlet 8 communicates with the low pressure gas source 21, the power compressor compressor 2 and compressed gas outlet 22 of the gas turbine power turbine 3 via the refrigerant inlet 31 communicating movable pressure communicating passage 2233, the pressure in the exhaust gas is provided on the movable communication passage 302 of the heat exchanger 2233 the exhaust gas heat exchanger 302 through the fluid inlet 3021 to the engine exhaust passage 10 1 communicates with the combustion chamber 101 of the internal combustion engine 1, the power turbine output power of the compressor 2 3 pairs. [0044] 实施例3如图3所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例1的区别在于:在所述压气机压缩气体出口22和所述高温气体导入口301之间的所述压动连通通道2233上设压气机压缩气体旁通口201。 Efficient Thermal Power System [0044] Example 3 shown in FIG. 3, which embodiment differs from Example 1 in that: said movable pressure compressor compressing the gas between the outlet 22 and the high temperature gas inlet 301 compressed gas compressor provided on the bypass port 201 communicating passage 2233. [0045] 实施例4如图4所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例2的区别在于:在所述压气机压缩气体出口22和所述排气热交换器302之间的所述压动连通通道2233上设压气机压缩气体旁通口201。 [0045] Embodiment 4 shown in FIG efficient thermodynamic system of Example 4, which differs from Example 2 in that: the compressor in compressing the gas between the outlet 22 and the exhaust gas heat exchanger 302 Pressure compressed gas compressor disposed movable bypass port 201 communicating passage 2233. [0046] 实施例5如图5和图6所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例1和实施例2的区别在于:所述压气机压缩气体旁通口201与所述内燃机1的进气道20连通。 [0046] Example 5 5 efficient heat and power system shown in Figure 6, which differs from the Example 1 and Example 2 in that: the compressed feed gas compressor bypass port 201 of the internal combustion engine 1 airway communication 20. [0047] 实施例6如图7和图8所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例和实施例2的区别在于:所述高效热动力系统还包括进气压气机200,所述进气压气机200的进气压气机压缩气体出口2022与所述内燃机1的进气道20连通,所述动力透平3对所述进气压气机200输出动力。 Efficient Thermal Power System [0047] Examples 6 and 7 shown in FIG. 8, which embodiment is different from the second embodiment in that: said system further comprises a high thermodynamic air compressor 200, the intake compressor inlet compressor outlet 200 compressed gas inlet 1 communicates with the internal combustion engine is 202022, the power turbine air compressor inlet 200 of the output power 3 pairs. [0048] 实施例7如图9和图10所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例1和实施例2的区别在于:在所述排气道10上设前置压气机25,所述前置压气机25的前置压气机气体入口2501与所述燃烧室101连通,在所述前置压气机气体入口2501和所述燃烧室101之间的所述排气道10上设排气前置旁通口1000,所述排气前置旁通口1000与前置动力透平观的前置动力透平工质入口观01连通,所述前置动力透平28对所述前置压气机25输出动力。 Efficient Thermal Power System [0048] Example 7 shown in Figures 9 and 10, which differs from Example 1 and Example 2 in that: the pre-compressor 25 provided in the exhaust passage 10, the front front compressor inlet gas compressor 25 is in communication with the combustion chamber 101 2501, 10 disposed between the exhaust gas inlet of the compressor 2501 and the pre-combustion chamber 101 of the exhaust passage pre-bypass port 1000, 1000 communicating with the exhaust working fluid inlet front View of the power turbine 01 front View of a power turbine bypass port front, the front of the front power turbine 28 pairs 25 compressor output power. [0049] 实施例8如图11所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例3的区别在于:在所述压气机压缩气体旁通口201和所述高温气体导入口301之间的所述压动连通通道2233上设控制阀500。 [0049] Example 8 efficient thermodynamic system shown in FIG. 11, which differs from Example 3 in that: the compressor in compressing the gas between the bypass port 201 and the high temperature gas inlet 301 movable pressure control valve 500 is provided on the communication path 2233. [0050] 实施例9如图12所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例4的区别在于:在所述压气机压缩气体旁通口201和所述排气热交换器302之间的所述压动连通通道2233上设控制阀500。 [0050] Example 9 efficient thermodynamic system shown in FIG. 12, which differs from that of Example 4: compression between the gas bypass port 201 and the exhaust gas heat exchanger 302 in the compressor moving said pressure control valve 500 is provided on the communication path 2233. [0051] 实施例10如图13所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例5的区别在于:在所述进气道20上设控制阀500。 [0051] Example 10 efficient thermodynamic system shown in FIG. 13, which differs from Example 5 in that: the inlet 20 is provided in the control valve 500. [0052] 实施例11如图14所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例1的区别在于:在所述动力透平气体工质入口31处设膨胀剂导入口5,所述膨胀剂导入口5与膨胀剂源6连通。 [0052] Example 11 efficient thermodynamic system shown in FIG. 14, which differs from Example 1 in that: a gas turbine working fluid inlet 31 is provided in the expansion agent introduction port 5 of the power, introducing the bulking agent communication port 5 and 6 expansion agent source. [0053] 具体实施时,还可以在所述排气道10上设膨胀剂导入口5,和/或在所述压气机气体入口21处设膨胀剂导入口5,和/或在所述动力透平气体工质入口31处设膨胀剂导入口5,和/或在所述压气机2上设膨胀剂导入口5,所述膨胀剂导入口5与膨胀剂源6连通。 [0053] During specific embodiments, a bulking agent may also be provided on the inlet 5 in the exhaust passage 10, and / or in said compressor gas inlet 21 provided at the inlet 5 bulking agent, and / or the power the gas turbine working medium inlet 31 disposed expansion agent introduction port 5, and / or expansion agent introduction port 5 provided on the 2, 5 and said expansion agent introduction port expansion agent source in communication with said compressor 6. [0054] 实施例12如图15所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例1的区别在于:在所述动力透平气体工质出口32处设膨胀剂吸热热交换器300,所述膨胀剂吸热热交换器300的被加热流体通道与所述膨胀剂导入口5连通,所述膨胀剂入口5设在所述排气道10上。 [0054] Example 12 efficient thermodynamic system shown in FIG. 15, which differs from Example 1 in that: the gas turbine working fluid at the outlet of the expansion agent 32 is provided in the power absorption heat exchanger 300, the expanders heat absorption heat exchanger 300 is heated with a fluid passage communicating said expansion agent introduction port 5, the bulking agent inlet 5 provided on the exhaust passage 10. [0055] 具体实施时,还可以在所述动力透平气体工质出口32处设膨胀剂吸热热交换器300,和/或在所述压气机2上设膨胀剂吸热热交换器300。 [0055] In specific implementation, the power may also be the working fluid at the outlet of the gas turbine 32 is provided expanders heat absorbing heat exchanger 300, and / or bulking agent is provided in the compressor 2 on the heat absorbing heat exchanger 300 . [0056] 实施例13如图16所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例1的区别在于:所述内燃机1设为燃气轮机。 [0056] Example 13 efficient thermodynamic system shown in FIG. 16, which differs from Example 1 in that: the internal combustion engine 1 to the gas turbine. [0057] 实施例14如图17所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例1的区别在于:所述高效热动力系统还包括射流泵600,所述压动连通通道2233设为所述射流泵600的射流泵外管601,所述高温气体导入口301设为所述射流泵600的射流泵动力气体喷嘴602。 [0057] Example efficient thermodynamic system 17 shown in Figure 14, which embodiment differs from Example 1 in that: said system further comprises a high thermodynamic jet pump 600, the movable pressure communication passage to said jet 2233 jet pump 600 pumps the outer tube 601, the high temperature gas inlet 301 to the jet pump 600 of the jet pump motive gas nozzle 602. [0058] 实施例15如图18所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例14区别在于:所述高效热动力系统还包括回热器700,所述回热器700设置在所述压气机压缩气体出口22和所述动力透平气体工质入口31之间,所述回热器700的加热流体通道701与所述动力透平3的动力透平气体工质出口32连通,所述回热器700利用从所述动力透平气体工质出口32排出的气体的余热对由所述压气机压缩气体出口22流入所述动力透平气体工质入口31的气体加热升温。 Efficient Thermal Power System [0058] Example 15 shown in FIG. 18, which embodiment differs from Embodiment 14 in that: said system further comprises a power efficient heat regenerator 700, the regenerator 700 is disposed in the compressor the compressed gas outlet of the power turbine 22 and the gas medium between the inlet 31, the regenerator heating fluid passages 700 and 701 of the power turbine 3 power turbine working fluid communication with the gas outlet 32, the return 700 pairs of heater 22 flows into the compressor is powered by the compressed gas outlet of the gas turbine working medium gas inlet 31 of the heating temperature waste heat of the turbine exhaust gas 32 from the gas medium outlet of the power. [0059] 实施例16如图19所示的高效热动力系统,其与实施例2的区别在于:所述高效热动力系统还包括回热器700,所述回热器700设置在所述压气机压缩气体出口22和所述动力透平气体工质入口31之间,所述回热器700的加热流体通道701与所述动力透平3的动力透平气体工质出口32连通,所述回热器700利用从所述动力透平气体工质出口32排出的气体的余热对由所述压气机压缩气体出口22流入所述动力透平气体工质入口31的气体加热升温。 [0059] Example 16 efficient thermodynamic system shown in FIG. 19, which differs from Example 2 in that: said system further comprises a power efficient heat regenerator 700, the regenerator 700 is disposed in the compressor compressing the gas outlet 22 and 31. the power turbine inlet gas medium, the heat regenerator 700 and the fluid passageway 701 3 power turbine power turbine working fluid communication with the gas outlet 32, the 700 pairs of regenerator 22 flows into the compressor powered by said gas turbine outlet gas compressed refrigerant gas inlet 31 of the heating temperature waste heat of gas turbine exhaust gas 32 from the working fluid outlet power. [0060] 显然,本发明不限于以上实施例,根据本领域的公知技术和本发明所公开的技术方案,可以推导出或联想出许多变型方案,所有这些变型方案,也应认为是本发明的保护范围。 [0060] Obviously, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, according to the technical scheme disclosed techniques known in the art and the present invention may be derived or associate many variants, all such variants should also be considered that the present invention protected range.

Claims (10)

1. 一种高效热动力系统,包括内燃机(1)、压气机(2)和动力透平(3),其特征在于:所述压气机(2 )的压气机气体入口( 21)与低压气体源(8 )连通,所述压气机(2 )的压气机压缩气体出口(22)与所述动力透平(3)的动力透平气体工质入口(31)经压动连通通道(2233) 连通,在所述压动连通通道(2233)上设高温气体导入口(301),所述高温气体导入口(301) 经所述内燃机(1)的排气道(10)与所述内燃机(1)的燃烧室(101)连通,所述动力透平(3) 对所述压气机(2)输出动力。 An efficient thermal power system, comprising an internal combustion engine (1), the compressor (2) and the power turbine (3), characterized in that: said compressor (2) inlet gas compressor (21) and the low-pressure gas a source (8) in communication, the compressor (2) a compressed gas outlet of the compressor power (22) and the power turbine (3) of the turbine inlet gas medium (31) movable by pressure, the communication path (2233) communication, high temperature gas is provided in the movable pressure communication channel (2233) on the inlet (301), the inlet gas temperature (301) via said internal combustion engine (1) exhaust passage (10) and the engine ( (101) communicating 1) of the combustion chamber of the power turbine (3) (2) output power of the compressor.
2.如权利要求1所述高效热动力系统,其特征在于:在所述压气机压缩气体出口(22) 和所述高温气体导入口(301)之间的所述压动连通通道(2233)上设压气机压缩气体旁通口(201)。 1 2. The efficient thermodynamic system of claim wherein: the compressed gas outlet of the compressor between (22) and the high temperature gas inlet (301) movable pressure communication passage (2233) the compressed gas is provided on the compressor bypass port (201).
3.如权利要求1所述高效热动力系统,其特征在于:所述高效热动力系统还包括射流泵(600 ),所述压动连通通道(2233 )设为所述射流泵(600 )的射流泵外管(601),所述高温气体导入口(301)设为所述射流泵(600)的射流泵动力气体喷嘴(602)。 1 3. The system of claim efficient thermal power, characterized in that: said system further comprises a high thermodynamic jet pump (600), said movable pressure communication passage (2233) to the jet pump (600) jet pump outer tube (601), said high-temperature gas inlet (301) to the jet pump (600) of the jet pump motive gas nozzle (602).
4.如权利要求2所述高效热动力系统,其特征在于:在所述压气机压缩气体旁通口(201)和所述高温气体导入口( 301)之间的所述压动连通通道(2233)上设控制阀(500)。 4. The efficient thermodynamic system of claim 2, characterized in that: the compressed gas in the compressor bypass port (201) and said high-temperature gas into the opening between the (301) movable pressure communication passage ( 2233) provided a control valve (500) on.
5. 一种高效热动力系统,包括内燃机(1)、压气机(2)和动力透平(3),其特征在于:所述压气机(2 )的压气机气体入口( 21)与低压气体源(8 )连通,所述压气机(2 )的压气机压缩气体出口(22)与所述动力透平(3)的动力透平气体工质入口(31)经压动连通通道(2233) 连通,在所述压动连通通道(2233 )上设排气热交换器(302 ),所述排气热交换器(302 )的热流体入口(3021)经所述内燃机(1)的排气道(10)与所述内燃机(1)的燃烧室(101)连通, 所述动力透平(3)对所述压气机(2)输出动力。 An efficient thermal power system, comprising an internal combustion engine (1), the compressor (2) and the power turbine (3), characterized in that: said compressor (2) inlet gas compressor (21) and the low-pressure gas a source (8) in communication, the compressor (2) a compressed gas outlet of the compressor power (22) and the power turbine (3) of the turbine inlet gas medium (31) movable by pressure, the communication path (2233) communication, provided exhaust gas heat exchanger (302) movable in said pressure communication channel (2233) on the exhaust gas heat exchanger (302) is a hot fluid inlet (3021) through said engine exhaust (1) (101) communicating the combustion chamber channel (10) of the internal combustion engine (1), said power turbine (3) (2) output power of the compressor.
6.如权利要求5所述高效热动力系统,其特征在于:在所述压气机压缩气体出口(22) 和所述排气热交换器(302)之间的所述压动连通通道(2233)上设压气机压缩气体旁通口(201)。 6. 5 efficient thermodynamic system of claim wherein: the compressed gas outlet of the compressor (22) and the exhaust gas heat exchanger (302) movable between said pressure communication passage (2233 ) provided compressed gas compressor bypass port (201).
7.如权利要求2或6所述高效热动力系统,其特征在于:所述压气机压缩气体旁通口(201)与所述内燃机(1)的进气道(20)连通。 2 6 or 7. The high thermodynamic system of claim wherein: the compressed gas compressor bypass port (201) and the internal combustion engine (1) of the inlet (20) communicates.
8.如权利要求1或5所述高效热动力系统,其特征在于:所述高效热动力系统还包括进气压气机(200),所述进气压气机(200)的进气压气机压缩气体出口(2022)与所述内燃机(1)的进气道(20)连通,所述动力透平(3)对所述进气压气机(200)输出动力。 5 or 8. The efficient thermodynamic system of claim 1, characterized in that: said system further comprises a high thermodynamic air compressor (200), said compressor intake (200) of the compressed intake air compressor a gas outlet (2022) of the internal combustion engine (1) air intake (20) communicating said power turbine (3) of the compressor inlet (200) outputs power pair.
9.如权利要求1或5所述高效热动力系统,其特征在于:在所述排气道(10)上设前置压气机(25),所述前置压气机(25)的前置压气机气体入口(2501)与所述燃烧室(101)连通,在所述前置压气机气体入口( 2501)和所述燃烧室(101)之间的所述排气道(10)上设排气前置旁通口( 1000),所述排气前置旁通口( 1000)与前置动力透平(28)的前置动力透平工质入口(2801)连通,所述前置动力透平(28)对所述前置压气机(25)输出动力。 5 or 9. The efficient thermodynamic system of claim 1, characterized in that: the pre-compressor set (25) in the exhaust passage (10), said pre-compressor (25) of the front compressor gas inlet (2501) and the combustion chamber (101) communicates, is provided on the exhaust passage (10) between said pre-compressor gas inlet (2501) and the combustion chamber (101) front exhaust bypass port (1000), the pre-exhaust bypass port (1000) and the front power turbine (28) of the front power turbine working fluid inlet (2801) communicating said pre- a power turbine (28) of the output power pre-compressor (25).
10.如权利要求6所述高效热动力系统,其特征在于:在所述压气机压缩气体旁通口(201)和所述排气热交换器(302 )之间的所述压动连通通道(2233 )上设控制阀(500 )。 10. The system of claim 6 thermodynamic efficiency claim, wherein: the compressed gas in the compressor bypass port (201) and the heat exchanger between the exhaust (302) movable pressure communication passage (2233) provided on the control valve (500).
CN2012100772671A 2011-03-22 2012-03-21 High-efficiency thermal power system CN102536442A (en)

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