CN102536139A - Movement mechanism for conveying drill columns for drilling platform - Google Patents

Movement mechanism for conveying drill columns for drilling platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102536139A
CN102536139A CN2012100303147A CN201210030314A CN102536139A CN 102536139 A CN102536139 A CN 102536139A CN 2012100303147 A CN2012100303147 A CN 2012100303147A CN 201210030314 A CN201210030314 A CN 201210030314A CN 102536139 A CN102536139 A CN 102536139A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hydraulic cylinder
front
support rod
rear end
rod spare
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012100303147A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102536139B (en
Inventor
葛乐通
王雄飞
宋瑞宏
徐晓东
Original Assignee
常州大学
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Publication date
Application filed by 常州大学 filed Critical 常州大学
Priority to CN201210030314.7A priority Critical patent/CN102536139B/en
Publication of CN102536139A publication Critical patent/CN102536139A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102536139B publication Critical patent/CN102536139B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a movement mechanism for conveying drill columns for a drilling platform. The front end of a front fixing rod is fixedly connected to one side of the bottom of a derrick while the rear end of the front fixing rod is fixedly connected with the front end of a rear fixing rod, the front end of a front supporting rod and the front end of a rear supporting rod are respectively rotatably connected with the rear end of the front fixing rod, the rear end of the front supporting rod is rotatably connected with a middle portion of a double-stage pushing component, the rear end of the rear supporting rod is slidably connected with a slider, the slider is rotatably connected with the rear end of the double-stage pushing component, and the front supporting rod is located above the front of the rear supporting rod; the rear end of a hydraulic cylinder body of an upper hydraulic cylinder is rotatably connected with a middle portion of the rear supporting rod, and a piston shaft is rotatably connected with a middle portion of the front supporting rod; a hydraulic cylinder body of a lower hydraulic cylinder is rotatably connected onto the rear fixing rod, and a piston shaft is rotatably connected with the middle portion of the rear supporting rod; and lifting of the drill columns is realized directly. In addition, the movement mechanism for conveying drill columns for a drilling platform is simple in structure and reliable in operation, can increase efficiency, reduces labor intensity, and can be widely used for conveying drill columns of petroleum drilling rigs.

Description

A kind of motion that is used for offshore boring island conveying drill string

Technical field

The present invention relates to the motion of the conveying drill string between a kind of ground and drilling machine platform in the petroleum machinery field.

Background technology

Drilling well need be carried drill string between ground and oil drilling drilling machine platform.At present; The carrying method of drill string mainly contains three types between ground and the oil drilling drilling machine platform: first kind is that the manual work of generally adopting is main method; Adopt the lifting equipment and the fixed ramp slideway of derrick to carry drill string, the mode that mainly cooperates winch to draw, drag with workman's manual operations is carried out; Second kind is to adopt huge mechanical arm straight space to transport.The third is to utilize the slope ground way; The drill string of carrying utilizes a cover mechanized equipment to carry along connecting drill string again after the fixed ramp slideway is elevated to offshore boring island; Drill string is placed in the V type groove of motion, and the V-type front of the slot moves along the fixed ramp slideway, and the rear end has mechanized equipment to elect; Place the drill string of V-type groove to be given rise to certain position with the V-type groove; And then pushing drill string to the well head relative position by the inner special mechanism of V-type groove, this equipment more complicated needs the fixed ramp slideway.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is the deficiency of utilizing the fixed ramp slideway to carry drill string in the above-mentioned prior art for overcoming, a kind of motion that offshore boring island is carried drill string that is used for is provided ,The realization drill string to the up-down the offshore boring island, is accomplished the conveying to drill string by ground, and is simple in structure, need not the fixed ramp slideway.

The technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: motion of the present invention is positioned at derrick bottom one side; The front end of preceding fixed beam is fixedly connected derrick bottom one side, the rear end is fixedly connected back fixed beam front end; Before fixed beam all be fixed in ground with the back fixed beam, the be rotationally connected middle part of twin-stage propelling movement parts of front support rod spare and the back support rod spare front end preceding fixed beam rear end that is rotationally connected respectively, front support rod spare rear end; Back support rod spare rear end and slide block are slidingly connected; The slide block twin-stage that is rotationally connected pushes the parts rear end, and twin-stage pushes the drill string that parts promote on it and goes up and down, and front support rod spare is positioned at the front upper place of back support rod spare; The be rotationally connected middle part of front support rod spare of the be rotationally connected middle part of back support rod spare, the hydraulic cylinder rear end of last hydraulic cylinder, the hydraulic cylinder piston axle of last hydraulic cylinder; The hydraulic cylinder of following hydraulic cylinder is rotationally connected on the fixed beam of back, the be rotationally connected middle part of back support rod spare of the hydraulic cylinder piston axle of following hydraulic cylinder; Last hydraulic cylinder is positioned at the place ahead of hydraulic cylinder down.

The present invention need not to utilize the fixed ramp slideway, directly realizes the up-down of drill string, and is simple in structure, and reliable can be raised the efficiency, and reduces labour intensity, the transporting of the oil drilling rig drill string that can be widely used.

Description of drawings

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment the present invention is done further explain.

Fig. 1 is the working state figure of the present invention when ground;

Fig. 2 is the working state figure of the present invention when lifting;

Among the figure: 1. fixed beam before; 2. front support rod spare; 3. back support rod spare; 4. go up hydraulic cylinder; 5. descend hydraulic cylinder; 6 back fixed beams; 7. slide block; 8. twin-stage pushes parts; 9. drill string; 10. pipe clamp; 11. rocking bar; 12. suspension hook; 13. portal frame; 14. rocking bar hydraulic cylinder; 15. well head; 16. derrick.

The specific embodiment

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present invention is positioned at bottom one side of derrick 16, pushes parts by two fixed beams, two supporting rods, two hydraulic cylinders, a slide block and a twin-stage and forms.Two fixed beams are preceding fixed beam 1 and back fixed beam 6 (the present invention will be called front end near an end of derrick 16); The front end of preceding fixed beam 1 is fixedly connected bottom one side of derrick 16; The rear end of preceding fixed beam 1 is fixedly connected the front end of back fixed beam 6; Preceding fixed beam 1 all is fixed in ground with back fixed beam 6, forms two fixing fulcrums.

Two supporting rods are front support rod spare 2 and back support rod spare 3; The front end of front support rod spare 2 and back support rod spare 3 is rotationally connected with respectively on the rear end of preceding fixed beam 1; All can rotate, and front support rod spare 2 is positioned at the front upper place of back support rod spare 3 around preceding fixed beam 1.The rear end of front support rod spare 2 is rotatably connected on the middle part that twin-stage pushes parts 8.The rear end of back support rod spare 3 and slide block 7 are slidingly connected, and slide block 7 is rotatably connected on the rear end that twin-stage pushes parts 8.The effect that twin-stage pushes parts 8 promotes drill string 9 up-downs on it, makes drill string 9 fore-ends be convenient to carry out clamping with pipe clamp 10.

Two hydraulic cylinders are to go up hydraulic cylinder 4 and following hydraulic cylinder 5, and last hydraulic cylinder 4 is positioned at the place ahead of hydraulic cylinder 5 down, and two hydraulic cylinders provide the power of the present invention's campaign jointly.The hydraulic cylinder rear end of last hydraulic cylinder 4 is rotatably installed in the middle part of back support rod spare 3, and the hydraulic cylinder piston axle of last hydraulic cylinder 4 is rotatably connected on the middle part of front support rod spare 2.The hydraulic cylinder of following hydraulic cylinder 5 is rotatably installed on the fixed beam 6 of back, and the hydraulic cylinder piston axle of following hydraulic cylinder 5 is rotatably connected on the middle part of back support rod spare 3.

Original offshore boring island partly comprises pipe clamp 10, rocking bar 11, suspension hook 12, portal frame 13, rocking bar hydraulic cylinder 14 and well head 15.The lifting part of original offshore boring island is made up of suspension hook 12, rocking bar hydraulic cylinder 14, rocking bar 11, pipe clamp 10.Suspension hook 12 is installed on the portal frame 13, and the upper end of rocking bar 11 is rotatably installed on the suspension hook 12; Hydraulic cylinder one end of rocking bar hydraulic cylinder 14 is rotatably installed on the suspension hook 12, and the hydraulic cylinder piston axle of rocking bar hydraulic cylinder 14 is rotationally connected on the rocking bar 11; Pipe clamp 10 is installed on the lower end of rocking bar 11.

The present invention cooperates the lifting part on original offshore boring island just can accomplish when up carrying drill string, and is as shown in Figure 1, and drill string 9 pushes away from the ground line framed bent earlier and puts to twin-stage propelling movement parts 8; As shown in Figure 2; Collaborative work through last hydraulic cylinder 4 and following hydraulic cylinder 5; The work respectively that promotes front support rod spare 2 and back support rod spare 3 rotatablely moves to the front upper place counterclockwise, because twin-stage pushes parts 8 rear ends and slide block 7 is rotationally connected, slide block 7 slides on back support rod spare 3 and travels forward; Make twin-stage push parts 8 run-off the straights; The front end that makes twin-stage push parts 8 is promoted to and the suitable height of offshore boring island; At this moment suspension hook 12 drops to suitable height; Promote rocking bar 11 rotating certain angle by rocking bar hydraulic cylinder 14, completion pipe clamp 10 docks with drill string 9, blocks drill string 9 by pipe clamp 10; Suspension hook 12 risings this moment make drill string 9 push parts 8 along twin-stage and are promoted to the offshore boring island top position; Make rocking bar 11 in vertical state in the hydraulic cylinder of the hydraulic cylinder piston axle of rocking bar hydraulic cylinder 14 withdrawal at this moment; Decline suspension hook 12 makes drill string 9 and well head 15 accomplish butt joint and gets in the well head 15, continues decline suspension hook 12 and arrives well head 15 positions up to pipe clamp 10; So just accomplished the operation of a drill string.

It is the reverse process of up carrying drill string 9 that the present invention down carries drill string 9; Suspension hook 12 drops to well head 15 places; After grasping the drill string 9 in well head by pipe clamp 10; Suspension hook 12 rises to certain height makes drill string 9 break away from well head 15 fully, and this moment, the artificial lower end that promotes drill string 9 placed twin-stage to push in the parts 8; Promoting rocking bar 11 by rocking bar hydraulic cylinder 14 again docks with twin-stage propelling movement parts 8 completion that rise to the offshore boring island top; Suspension hook 12 descends and makes drill string 9 push parts 8 downslides along twin-stage; When sliding in the twin-stage propelling movement parts 8 under drill string 9 overwhelming majority, open pipe clamp 10, make drill string 9 slide to twin-stage fully down and push in the parts 8; At this moment begin to descend by last hydraulic cylinder 4 and following hydraulic cylinder 5 synergies; Front support rod spare during decline 1 clockwise rotates with back support rod spare 3, finally makes twin-stage propelling movement parts 8 drop to ground and is horizontal attitude, has so just accomplished the operation of lower drill 9.

Claims (1)

1. one kind is used for the motion that offshore boring island is carried drill string; This motion is positioned at derrick (16) bottom one side; It is characterized in that: the front end of preceding fixed beam (1) is fixedly connected derrick (16) bottom one side, the rear end is fixedly connected back fixed beam (6) front end; Before fixed beam (1) all be fixed in ground with back fixed beam (6), the be rotationally connected middle part of twin-stage propelling movement parts (8) of front support rod spare (2) and back support rod spare (3) front end preceding fixed beam (1) rear end that is rotationally connected respectively, front support rod spare (2) rear end; Back support rod spare (3) rear end and slide block (7) are slidingly connected; Slide block (7) twin-stage that is rotationally connected pushes parts (8) rear end, and twin-stage pushes the drill string (9) that parts (8) promote on it and goes up and down, and front support rod spare (2) is positioned at the front upper place of back support rod spare (3); The be rotationally connected middle part of front support rod spare (2) of the be rotationally connected middle part of back support rod spare (3), the hydraulic cylinder rear end of last hydraulic cylinder (4), the hydraulic cylinder piston axle of last hydraulic cylinder (4); The hydraulic cylinder of following hydraulic cylinder (5) is rotationally connected on back fixed beam (6), the be rotationally connected middle part of back support rod spare (3) of the hydraulic cylinder piston axle of following hydraulic cylinder (5); Last hydraulic cylinder (4) is positioned at the place ahead of hydraulic cylinder (5) down.
CN201210030314.7A 2012-02-13 2012-02-13 Movement mechanism for conveying drill columns for drilling platform CN102536139B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210030314.7A CN102536139B (en) 2012-02-13 2012-02-13 Movement mechanism for conveying drill columns for drilling platform

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210030314.7A CN102536139B (en) 2012-02-13 2012-02-13 Movement mechanism for conveying drill columns for drilling platform

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CN102536139A true CN102536139A (en) 2012-07-04
CN102536139B CN102536139B (en) 2014-04-09

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105275415A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-01-27 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 Full-automatic continuous drilling rig

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0176335A1 (en) * 1984-09-24 1986-04-02 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Pipe handling apparatus
US5931238A (en) * 1996-06-28 1999-08-03 Bucyrus International, Inc. Apparatus for storing and handling drill pipe
US20060124356A1 (en) * 2004-12-13 2006-06-15 Gust Cheryl J Apparatus and method for handling wellbore tubulars
CN201818251U (en) * 2010-10-19 2011-05-04 中国石油化工集团公司 Drilling pipe automatic delivery device directly driven by oil cylinder
CN201826778U (en) * 2010-07-29 2011-05-11 胜利油田高原石油装备有限责任公司 Continuous sucker rod single-disc welding vehicle
CN202038714U (en) * 2011-02-24 2011-11-16 上海君悦铁盾机械工程技术有限公司 Pipe fitting lifting device of oil field derrick pipe conveying machine
CN202140047U (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-02-08 胜利油田海胜环保工程有限责任公司 Automatic operation device for moving drill rod onto or off drill floor

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0176335A1 (en) * 1984-09-24 1986-04-02 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Pipe handling apparatus
US5931238A (en) * 1996-06-28 1999-08-03 Bucyrus International, Inc. Apparatus for storing and handling drill pipe
US20060124356A1 (en) * 2004-12-13 2006-06-15 Gust Cheryl J Apparatus and method for handling wellbore tubulars
CN201826778U (en) * 2010-07-29 2011-05-11 胜利油田高原石油装备有限责任公司 Continuous sucker rod single-disc welding vehicle
CN201818251U (en) * 2010-10-19 2011-05-04 中国石油化工集团公司 Drilling pipe automatic delivery device directly driven by oil cylinder
CN202038714U (en) * 2011-02-24 2011-11-16 上海君悦铁盾机械工程技术有限公司 Pipe fitting lifting device of oil field derrick pipe conveying machine
CN202140047U (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-02-08 胜利油田海胜环保工程有限责任公司 Automatic operation device for moving drill rod onto or off drill floor

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105275415A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-01-27 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 Full-automatic continuous drilling rig

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Application publication date: 20120704

Assignee: Rushi Machinery Co., Ltd., Jiangsu

Assignor: Changzhou University

Contract record no.: 2015320000196

Denomination of invention: Movement mechanism for conveying drill columns for drilling platform

Granted publication date: 20140409

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20150415

Application publication date: 20120704

Assignee: Rushi Machinery Co., Ltd., Jiangsu

Assignor: Changzhou University

Contract record no.: 2015320000196

Denomination of invention: Movement mechanism for conveying drill columns for drilling platform

Granted publication date: 20140409

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20150415

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20191217

Address after: 213311 building 7, No. 8-2, Dutou street, Daitou Town, Liyang, Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Liyang Chang Technology Transfer Center Co., Ltd.

Address before: Gehu Lake Road Wujin District 213164 Jiangsu city of Changzhou province No. 1

Patentee before: Changzhou University