CN102535813A - Simulated wood board and production method thereof - Google Patents

Simulated wood board and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102535813A
CN102535813A CN2012100097281A CN201210009728A CN102535813A CN 102535813 A CN102535813 A CN 102535813A CN 2012100097281 A CN2012100097281 A CN 2012100097281A CN 201210009728 A CN201210009728 A CN 201210009728A CN 102535813 A CN102535813 A CN 102535813A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
base
paint
coating
layer
plate
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Application number
CN2012100097281A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董兵
吴坤
詹义胜
Original Assignee
广州广洋富格丽家居材料有限公司
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Application filed by 广州广洋富格丽家居材料有限公司 filed Critical 广州广洋富格丽家居材料有限公司
Priority to CN2012100097281A priority Critical patent/CN102535813A/en
Publication of CN102535813A publication Critical patent/CN102535813A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a wood board, in particular to an artificial simulated wood board and a production method thereof. The simulated wood board aims to overcome shortcomings of natural wood, is waterproof, moisture-proof, insect-proof, mothproof, anti-crack, harmless and pollution-free, does not deform, and can replace the natural wood. The simulated wood board comprises a base material layer, and a primer layer, a pattern layer made of marble and a finish layer are successively arranged at the front of the base material layer from bottom to top. The invention further provides the production method of the simulated wood board. The production method comprises following steps: selecting a base material; cutting the selected base material into a base material with the required dimension; arranging tenon fasteners on the cut base material; coating primer on the front of the base material; printing textures of natural wood on the surface of the base material coated with the primer; and coating finish on the surface of the base material printed with the textures of the natural wood. The simulated wood board can be paved on floors of various humid environments and public places, and completely overcomes shortcomings that various wood floors are expanded when wetted and are contracted when dried.

Description

Artificial board and production method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to plank, be specifically related to a kind of artificial simulated plank and production method thereof.

Background technology

Existing indoor plank can be divided into pure natural solid wood plate, composite wood board and reinforcement plank three major types on the market, and their characteristics are following:

Pure natural solid wood plate: in the process from the log to the finished product, kept the overall structure form of natural timber and natural plant biological activity thereof.Just because of the natural activity characteristic of timber, this solid wood plate can produce distortion by the wet drying shrinkage that rises along with the variation of environmental factor such as humidity, temperature etc. in production, use.When this distortion exceeds the elastic deformation scope, product quality problem will appear, like arch camber, warpage, cracking and implosion etc.Particularly plank is prone to go mouldy in wet environment, is prone to livings termite, and the floor makes moist afterwards that bulk expansion arches upward and can't use.Because plank is whole solid wood, need to consume a large amount of valuable forest resources, along with the popularization of environmental protection idea and policy, its prospect will more and more receive the restriction of resource, and can't recycle after the product use.

Composite wood board: be composited by plywood base material (being mostly all kinds of artificial boards) and plank surface layer material (being mostly that veneer and thickness are the thin plate of 2~5mm).Situation such as the process conditions in capability and performances such as the degree of deformation of this type of plank, stability, content of formaldehyde and the manufacturing process, parameter control are closely related.So this type of plank performance on the market is different, quality is uneven.In addition because this type of plank also need use timber, so also the same with the solid wood plate exist yielding, be prone to go mouldy, be prone to living termite, can't recycle, consume shortcoming such as the forest reserves.

Strengthen plank: claim impregnated-paper laminated wood based panel again,, mat formation at look shaving board, medium density fibreboard with one or more layers dedicated paper dipping thermoset amino resin; Artificial board substrates such as high density fiberboard surface; The back side adds balance layer, and the front adds wearing layer, the plank that forms through hot pressing.Products characteristics is that floor surface is ultra wear-resisting, is fit to various public places and uses, but the thickness swelling rate≤2.5-4.5% of this plank, can't accomplish waterproof and dampproofly, in use is prone to the edge imbibition, has a strong impact on plank application life.Same, this plank also exist be prone to mouldy, be prone to infested, can not recycle, consume shortcoming such as the forest reserves.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of natural wood, provide a kind of waterproof and dampproof, insect protected is mothproof, do not ftracture, indeformable, do not have harm, pollution-free, the Artificial board and a production method thereof that can replace natural timber to use.

For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the invention provides a kind of Artificial board, comprise substrate layer, the front of said substrate layer is provided with prime coat, marmorean patterned layer and top coat layer from bottom to top successively.

The present invention also provides a kind of production method of Artificial board, may further comprise the steps: select base material, said base material can select for use the little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride, PE plate, PS plate, PP plate, ABS plate, HIPS plate or wood to mould plate; The base material cutting that chooses is become required size, and preferred specification is 8/12/15 * 125/145/303 * 910/1210/1818mm; The base material that cuts is carried out the mortise button, and preferred tenon button is snap close tenon or flat coak; Primer is divided in front at base material; Texture at the substrate surface printing natural timber that is coated with priming paint; Printing the substrate surface coating finish of natural wood texture.

Preferably, said base material is selected the little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride for use.The surface skining layer of this sheet material is thicker, and hardness is high, and the plate surface evenness is high, and the thickness tolerance is little, and panel density is even, and is higher with respect to other several kinds of sheet material cost performances.In addition, the little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride also have waterproof and dampproof, fire-retardant, insect protected is mothproof, thermal insulation, sound-absorbing are shockproof, in light weight, good springiness, odorlessness, not leaded, do not contain advantages such as formaldehyde.For guaranteeing performance of the present invention, the density of the sheet material of the preferred little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride is 660kg/m 3, surface skining hardness shore hardness>=70, bending strength>=20mpa.tan, the modulus of elasticity in static bending>=800mpa, surface density≤1000kg/m 3

Preferably, adopt the texture of UV ink printing natural timber at substrate surface.UV printing ink is to be suitable for the novel ink kind that modern industry is produced, and is a kind of without solvent, and rate of drying is fast; Good luster, solvent bright in luster, water-fast, anti-, the printing ink that abrasion resistance is good; Each component in the UV printing ink can both become solid-state through chemical reaction, and solid content can reach 100%.UV printing ink adopts ultraviolet light as the energy, after light trigger receives UV-irradiation in the printing ink, produces free radical or cation initiated polymerization thing and solidifies.In the UV curing system; Need not add volatile solvent; Prepolymer in the raw material and thinner all have the activity of polymerisation, and so whole crosslinked film forming during curing are solvent-free volatilization; Pollute little, do not damage health, do not have the problem of bringing air brushing ink film thickness inconsequent because of the volatilization of solvent.In addition, the excellent performance of UV cured article has the incomparable fine quality of other curing modes at gloss, wear-resisting, hardness, solvent resistance, aspect such as attractive in appearance.

Preferably, at substrate surface application polyurethane UV adhesive power priming paint, to strengthen the adhesive power between ink lay and the base material.Than solvent ink, cross-linking polymerization takes place solidifying when dry in UV printing ink, moment volume-diminished, produce bigger internal stress, have the problem of adhesive power.Adopt adhesive power polyurethane UV adhesion primer preferably, can reduce shrinkage stress, improve the wetability of UV printing ink, improve the adhesive power of sheet material.

Preferably, the coating process of said finish paint may further comprise the steps: coating 2~3 road wear-resistant primer, film thickness be 30-50 gram/square metre; Coating levelling transparent priming and sanding priming paint; The coating finish paint adopts repeatedly leaching coating process, strengthens the transparency and the fineness of product, makes the mirror effect that reaches the plank surface, film thickness be 90-120 exempt from/square metre.

For the outward appearance that makes Artificial board provided by the invention is more beautiful, performance is more excellent, result of use is better, also can be at the back side of said base material coating paint as balance layer, coating process is one finish paint of three road priming paint, film thickness be 60 grams/square metre.

Preferably, said balance layer and said top coat layer are selected UV paint for use, and the hardness of paint film that UV paint is processed is high, and the transparency is good, highly polished, and color and luster is stable.

According to the different of installation environment or in order to satisfy requirements of different users, the back side that also can be chosen in said base material increases auxiliary cushion pad layer, to reach quiet, heat preservation effect.Said cushion course preferably adopts the EVA foam sheet, and thickness is 2mm, is bonded in the back side, floor with binder.

Compared with prior art; The present invention has realized the purpose of producing Artificial board through at the texture of the direct printing natural timber of substrate surface such as the little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride, PE plate first; Overcome technical barrier, solved those skilled in the art and wanted to solve long-term unsolved technical problem at direct printed patterns of substrate surface such as the little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride, PE plates.The Artificial board of producing according to the inventive method is a kind of novel artificial board; It not only has the graceful texture of natural timber; And quality is hard, stable material quality is difficult for becoming fragile, do not ftracture, indeformable, do not have harm, pollution-free, anti-wear performance is high; Wear-resisting revolution can reach more than 2000 commentaries on classics, satisfies the instructions for use of indoor floor, wallboard, furniture, cabinet, wardrobe etc. fully.

Artificial board grain of wood true nature provided by the invention has waterproof and dampproofly, and insect protected is mothproof, and fire-retardant sound-absorbing does not contain characteristics such as formaldehyde.It is comparatively cheap that it compares on the market existing all kinds of plank prices, and characteristics are superior to all kinds of planks, can replace various natural timbers to use in a large number, broken through the dependence of conventional wood panels to timber, reduces the timber use amount, thereby reduce forest and even environment damage.The also recyclable reconstituted circularly of this Artificial board meets the main trend of environment sustainable development and low-carbon (LC) building materials recycling economy, and significant contribution has been made in the protection of ecological environment.

Artificial board biggest advantage provided by the invention is waterproof and dampproof; Applicable to various wet environments and public place; The sheet material that is suitable for all kinds of hospitals special cabinet, top-grade furniture, wardrobe, office furniture; Mating formation in the ground that is particularly suitable for coastal cities, various big hospital, hotel etc., has remedied various timber fully and had the wet drying shrinkage that rises, be prone to mouldy shortcoming.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with specific embodiment the present invention is done further detailed description, following examples are that the present invention is not limited to following examples to the explanation of invention.

Embodiment 1

In the present embodiment, select for use the little foaming plate of white polyvinyl chloride as base material, the manufacture craft of this sheet material adopts the free foaming co-extrusion technology, and the density of sheet material is 660kg/m 3, surface skining hardness shore hardness is 70, and bending strength is 20mpa.tan, and the modulus of elasticity in static bending is 800mpa, and surface density is 1000kg/m 3Adopt the accurate board device of cutting out that the little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride is cut into the base material that specification is 8 * 125 * 910mm; Adopt import bold and generous, the base material that cuts is processed into the snap close tenon in length and breadth to fluting tenon machine; Through ultraviolet curing paint production line, at the front coating polyurethane UV adhesive power priming paint of the base material of machine-shaping; Adopt four look roller coat printing machines that the texture of natural timber is printed on the substrate surface that is coated with priming paint, this four looks roller coat printing machine disposes 4 print roller, and setting UV ink printing curing rate is 10m/min; Through ultraviolet curing paint production line; At the substrate surface application UV of the good marble pattern of air brushing finish paint: at first be coated with 2 road wear-resistant primer; Film thickness be 30 the gram/square metre; Contain the alundum (Al composition in this wear-resistant primer, can improve the wearing layer revolution of digital spraying marble veneer surface greatly; Next is coated with levelling transparent priming and sanding priming paint; Be coated with finish paint at last, adopt three the leaching coating process in nine ends, UV paint is applied to substrate surface continuously uniformly, film thickness be 90 grams/square metre.

Embodiment 2

In the present embodiment, select for use the little foaming plate of ecru polyvinyl chloride as base material, the manufacture craft of this sheet material adopts the free foaming co-extrusion technology, and the density of sheet material is 660kg/m 3, surface skining hardness shore hardness is 85, and bending strength is 40mpa.tan, and the modulus of elasticity in static bending is 900mpa, and surface density is 1000kg/m 3Adopt the accurate board device of cutting out that the little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride is cut into the base material that specification is 15 * 303 * 1818mm; Adopt import bold and generous, the base material that cuts is processed into flat coak in length and breadth to fluting tenon machine; With the base material of machine-shaping, carry out the balance layer application, through ultraviolet curing paint production line, the coating UV paint at the back side of base material, coating process is one finish paint of three road priming paint, film thickness be 60 grams/square metre; Through ultraviolet curing paint production line, at the front of the base material of carrying out balance layer coating polyurethane UV adhesive power priming paint; Adopt four look roller coat printing machines that the texture of natural timber is printed on the substrate surface that is coated with priming paint, this four looks roller coat printing machine disposes 4 print roller, and setting UV ink printing curing rate is 20m/min; Through ultraviolet curing paint production line; At the substrate surface application UV of the good marble pattern of air brushing finish paint: at first be coated with 3 road wear-resistant primer; Film thickness be 50 the gram/square metre; Contain the alundum (Al composition in this wear-resistant primer, can improve the wearing layer revolution of digital spraying marble veneer surface greatly; Next is coated with levelling transparent priming and sanding priming paint; Be coated with finish paint at last, adopt three the leaching coating process in nine ends, UV paint is applied to substrate surface continuously uniformly, film thickness be 120 grams/square metre.

Embodiment 3

In the present embodiment, select for use the little foaming plate of white polyvinyl chloride as base material, the manufacture craft of this sheet material adopts the free foaming co-extrusion technology, and the density of sheet material is 660kg/m 3, surface skining hardness shore hardness is 100, and bending strength is 28mpa.tan, and the modulus of elasticity in static bending is 982mpa, and surface density is 920.8kg/m 3Adopt the accurate board device of cutting out that the little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride is cut into the base material that specification is 12 * 145 * 1210mm; Adopt import bold and generous, the base material that cuts is processed into the snap close tenon in length and breadth to fluting tenon machine; Through ultraviolet curing paint production line, at the front coating polyurethane UV adhesive power priming paint of the base material of machine-shaping; Adopt four look roller coat printing machines that the texture of natural timber is printed on the substrate surface that is coated with priming paint, this four looks roller coat printing machine disposes 4 print roller, and setting UV ink printing curing rate is 20m/min; Through ultraviolet curing paint production line; At the substrate surface application UV of the good marble pattern of air brushing finish paint: at first be coated with 3 road wear-resistant primer; Film thickness be 50 the gram/square metre; Contain the alundum (Al composition in this wear-resistant primer, can improve the wearing layer revolution of digital spraying marble veneer surface greatly; Next is coated with levelling transparent priming and sanding priming paint; Be coated with finish paint at last, adopt three the leaching coating process in nine ends, UV paint is applied to substrate surface continuously uniformly, film thickness be 120 grams/square metre; The balance application, through ultraviolet curing paint production line, the coating UV paint at the back side of base material, coating process is one finish paint of three road priming paint, film thickness be 60 grams/square metre; With thickness be 2mm, the EVA foam pad that has a binder is bonded in the back side of base material through roller.

Embodiment 4

The Artificial board of embodiment 1 is as shown in the table according to the examination criteria testing result of international wooden floor:

It is the same with the little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride that PE plate, PS plate, PP plate, ABS plate, HIPS plate and wood are moulded plate; Belong to thermoplastic; The production method that those skilled in the art will appreciate that Artificial board provided by the invention is applicable to above-mentioned sheet material too, repeats no more at this.

Claims (10)

1. an Artificial board comprises substrate layer, it is characterized in that: the front of said substrate layer is provided with the patterned layer and the top coat layer of prime coat, natural timber from bottom to top successively.
2. Artificial board according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the back side of said substrate layer is provided with balance layer, and said balance layer is a UV paint.
3. Artificial board according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the back side of said substrate layer is provided with cushion course, and said cushion course adopts the EVA foam sheet, and thickness is 2mm.
4. Artificial board according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said substrate layer selects for use the little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride, PE plate, PS plate, PP plate, ABS plate, HIPS plate or wood to mould a kind of in the plate.
5. Artificial board according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said substrate layer is the little foaming plate of polyvinyl chloride, and the panel density of the little foaming plate of said polyvinyl chloride is 660kg/m 3, surface skining hardness shore hardness>=70, bending strength>=20mpa.tan, the modulus of elasticity in static bending>=800mpa, surface density≤1000kg/m 3
6. Artificial board according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said prime coat is a polyurethane UV adhesive power priming paint, and the patterned layer of said natural timber is selected UV printing ink for use, and said finish paint is selected UV paint for use.
7. a method of producing the described Artificial board of claim 1 is characterized in that may further comprise the steps: select base material; The base material cutting that chooses is become required size; The base material that cuts is carried out the mortise button; Primer is divided in front at base material; Texture at the substrate surface printing natural timber that is coated with priming paint; Printing the substrate surface coating finish of natural wood texture.
8. the production method of Artificial board according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the specification behind the said base material cutting is 8/12/15 * 125/145/303 * 910/1210/1818mm.
9. the production method of Artificial board according to claim 7 is characterized in that the coating process of said finish paint may further comprise the steps: coating 2~3 road wear-resistant primer, film thickness be the 30-50 gram/square metre; Coating levelling transparent priming and sanding priming paint; The coating finish paint adopts repeatedly leaching coating process, make film thickness reach 90-120 to restrain/square metre.
10. the production method of Artificial board according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the back side coating paint of said base material is as balance layer, and coating process is one finish paint of three road priming paint, film thickness be 60 grams/square metre.
CN2012100097281A 2012-01-11 2012-01-11 Simulated wood board and production method thereof CN102535813A (en)

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Cited By (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103669790A (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-03-26 江苏肯帝亚木业有限公司 Archaizing ecological floor
CN104929333A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-23 安徽森泰木塑科技地板有限公司 Waterproof panel and manufacturing method thereof
CN105252868A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-20 漳州市麦顿卫浴有限公司 Polymer composite crystal board and preparation method thereof
CN106437081A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-02-22 赵寰 Marbleized glass plastic floor
CN106674823A (en) * 2016-01-15 2017-05-17 上海协承昌化工有限公司 Cushion-bearing board
CN109823071A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-05-31 佛山希望数码印刷设备有限公司 A kind of concave-convex hand feeling texture printing process that fidelity is high

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103669790A (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-03-26 江苏肯帝亚木业有限公司 Archaizing ecological floor
CN104929333A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-23 安徽森泰木塑科技地板有限公司 Waterproof panel and manufacturing method thereof
CN105252868A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-01-20 漳州市麦顿卫浴有限公司 Polymer composite crystal board and preparation method thereof
CN106674823A (en) * 2016-01-15 2017-05-17 上海协承昌化工有限公司 Cushion-bearing board
CN106976289A (en) * 2016-01-15 2017-07-25 上海协承昌化工有限公司 A kind of bottom surface has the sheet material of adhesive layer
CN106437081A (en) * 2016-11-02 2017-02-22 赵寰 Marbleized glass plastic floor
CN109823071A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-05-31 佛山希望数码印刷设备有限公司 A kind of concave-convex hand feeling texture printing process that fidelity is high

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