CN102533378A - Process for producing biomass cured and molded fuel - Google Patents

Process for producing biomass cured and molded fuel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102533378A
CN102533378A CN2012100546647A CN201210054664A CN102533378A CN 102533378 A CN102533378 A CN 102533378A CN 2012100546647 A CN2012100546647 A CN 2012100546647A CN 201210054664 A CN201210054664 A CN 201210054664A CN 102533378 A CN102533378 A CN 102533378A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
starting
biomass solid
fuel
solid shaping
cured
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012100546647A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周建华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RUDONG ZHONGKE NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
Original Assignee
RUDONG ZHONGKE NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by RUDONG ZHONGKE NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO LTD filed Critical RUDONG ZHONGKE NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
Priority to CN2012100546647A priority Critical patent/CN102533378A/en
Publication of CN102533378A publication Critical patent/CN102533378A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention discloses a process for producing biomass cured and molded fuel. The process mainly comprises the following steps of: gathering crop raw materials, such as straw; carrying out crushing, drying and air drying, and compression molding; and carrying out packaging and warehousing. The biomass cured and molded fuel produced by the process disclosed by the invention has the advantages of automatic feed, full combustion, fastness in firing, wider serviceable range and more convenience in use.

Description

The production technique of biomass solid shaping fuel
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fuel, be specifically related to a kind of production technique of biomass solid shaping fuel.
Background technology
Biomass solid shaping fuel is a kind of renewable energy source, is a kind of novel, environmental protection, energy-conservation clean energy, is widely used in the use of Industrial Boiler and domestic stove, replaceable coal, liquefied gas, Sweet natural gas etc.
Main wood chip, stalk, the agriculture and forestry organic waste material etc. of adopting are as raw material in the prior art, and through the technology of pulverizing, oven dry, extrusion, what process is that diameter is the patch fuel of 20-30mm.
The volume of fuel that this method is processed is relatively large, and the time of lighting is long, and it is insufficient to burn, and the moisture content in the fuel is not volatile.Can not use automatically feed combustion equipment, can only on the combustion equipment of manual charging, use.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: the present invention provides a kind of production technique of biomass solid shaping fuel in order to solve the deficiency of prior art.
The technical scheme that the present invention adopts: a kind of production technique of biomass solid shaping fuel may further comprise the steps:
1, adopt a large amount of farmings in rural area, woods the like waste such as stalk, cotton wood chip as starting material.
2, with in the above-mentioned starting material a kind of, two kinds or be blended on the kibbler more than both and pulverize, the length that starting material is pulverized through the small holes screen cloth is controlled in the 2mm.
3, the starting material after the above-mentioned pulverizing are carried out starting material moisture content air-dry and that dry after keeping pulverizing and be lower than 20%.
4, the starting material after the above-mentioned pulverizing are cured moulding and process biomass solid shaping fuel, on granule-forming machine, adopt the aperture discharging, the diameter of said biomass solid shaping fuel is controlled in the 8mm.
As optimization, the density of biomass solid shaping fuel is controlled at 1.1-1.3t/m in the above-mentioned steps 4 3, water cut is lower than 15%.
The present invention gathers that farm crop raw material such as stalk is pulverized then, is packaged into the storehouse after oven dry and air-dry, the compressed moulding.
Beneficial effect: the production technique of biomass solid shaping fuel of the present invention solves the problem of straw from village open fire through the utilization to a large amount of farmings in rural area, woods the like waste, has improved the problem of countryside and peasantry living environment.Calorific value according to different material is different, and sort-type mixing carrying out processing can reach the demand to the different calorific values of shaped fuel without the user.The biomass solid shaping fuel that makes can automatic feed, fully burn, light quick combustion, use range more extensively, use more convenient.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Rice wheat straw shaped fuel particle: use 1 ton stalk (straw 60%, wheat straw 40%) mixing pulverizing to dry maintenance moisture content, carry out moulding again less than 20%.Use equipment: stalk crasher, granule-forming machine, drying plant, sealed in unit, the length that starting material are pulverized is 1.5mm, and the grain forming fuel diameter of production is 8mm, and density is 1.1t/m 3, calorific value is 3500Kcal/kg, water cut is less than 15%.
Embodiment 2
Wood chip moulding burning particles uses 1 ton wood raw material to pulverize to dry that to keep moisture content be 20%, carries out moulding again.Use equipment: stalk crasher, granule-forming machine, drying plant, sealed in unit.The length that starting material are pulverized is 2mm, and producing grain forming fuel diameter is 8mm, and density is 1.2t/m 3, calorific value is 4500Kcal/kg, water cut is less than 15%.
Embodiment 3
Cotton novel species shaped fuel particle: use 1 ton cotton stalk raw material pulverizing to dry keeping moisture content is 20%, carries out moulding again.Use equipment: stalk crasher, granule-forming machine, drying plant, sealed in unit.The length that starting material are pulverized is 1.8mm, and the grain forming fuel diameter of production is 8mm, and density is 1.3t/m 3, calorific value is 4300Kcal/kg, water cut is less than 15%.
During above shaped fuel particle burning: smoke dust discharge concentration is: 15mg/m 3, NO XEmission concentration 68mg/m 3, SO 2Do not detect the CO emission concentration: 0.08%, the flue gas lingemann blackness is less than 1 grade.

Claims (2)

1. the production technique of a biomass solid shaping fuel is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
(1) adopt a large amount of farmings in rural area, woods the like waste such as stalk, cotton wood chip as starting material;
(2) with in the above-mentioned starting material a kind of, two kinds or be blended on the kibbler more than both and pulverize, the length that starting material is pulverized through the small holes screen cloth is controlled in the 2mm;
(3) starting material after the above-mentioned pulverizing are carried out starting material moisture content air-dry and that dry after keeping pulverizing and are lower than 20%:
(4) starting material after the above-mentioned pulverizing are cured moulding and process biomass solid shaping fuel, on granule-forming machine, adopt the aperture discharging, the diameter of said biomass solid shaping fuel is controlled in the 8mm.
2. according to the production technique of the said biomass solid shaping fuel of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the density of biomass solid shaping fuel is controlled at 1.1-1.3t/m in the above-mentioned steps (4) 3, water cut is lower than 15%.
CN2012100546647A 2012-03-05 2012-03-05 Process for producing biomass cured and molded fuel Pending CN102533378A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100546647A CN102533378A (en) 2012-03-05 2012-03-05 Process for producing biomass cured and molded fuel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012100546647A CN102533378A (en) 2012-03-05 2012-03-05 Process for producing biomass cured and molded fuel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102533378A true CN102533378A (en) 2012-07-04

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012100546647A Pending CN102533378A (en) 2012-03-05 2012-03-05 Process for producing biomass cured and molded fuel

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102533378A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2698417A1 (en) * 2012-08-17 2014-02-19 Revita Bio Sp. z o.o. Solid fuel, particularly for the power industry, and production method thereof
CN104250571A (en) * 2013-06-30 2014-12-31 许成荫 Fuel forming process
CN105838471A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-08-10 高满珍 High combustion value biomass fuel and preparation method thereof
CN106318507A (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-01-11 江苏富达秸秆利用有限公司 Preparation method of straw fuel
CN107082697A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-08-22 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 A kind of vegetables nursery matrix and utilize its vegetables method for culturing seedlings
CN108191490A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-22 北京三聚绿能科技有限公司 A kind of biomass carbon base and preparation method thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1628023A (en) * 2002-07-19 2005-06-15 车战斌 Molding method and molding mechanism for a biologic material of fabricable material
CN101139538A (en) * 2007-10-23 2008-03-12 张百良 Straw rod-shaped compact formed fuel and method for manufacturing same
CN101892108A (en) * 2010-08-19 2010-11-24 福建泰和木业有限公司 Production process of environmental-protection plant energy particle fuel
CN102061209A (en) * 2011-01-24 2011-05-18 四川雷鸣生物环保工程有限公司 Production process of biomass pellet fuel and complete equipment
CN102146308A (en) * 2011-02-22 2011-08-10 苏州迪森生物能源有限公司 System for preparing biomass rod-shaped particles

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1628023A (en) * 2002-07-19 2005-06-15 车战斌 Molding method and molding mechanism for a biologic material of fabricable material
CN101139538A (en) * 2007-10-23 2008-03-12 张百良 Straw rod-shaped compact formed fuel and method for manufacturing same
CN101892108A (en) * 2010-08-19 2010-11-24 福建泰和木业有限公司 Production process of environmental-protection plant energy particle fuel
CN102061209A (en) * 2011-01-24 2011-05-18 四川雷鸣生物环保工程有限公司 Production process of biomass pellet fuel and complete equipment
CN102146308A (en) * 2011-02-22 2011-08-10 苏州迪森生物能源有限公司 System for preparing biomass rod-shaped particles

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2698417A1 (en) * 2012-08-17 2014-02-19 Revita Bio Sp. z o.o. Solid fuel, particularly for the power industry, and production method thereof
CN104250571A (en) * 2013-06-30 2014-12-31 许成荫 Fuel forming process
CN106318507A (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-01-11 江苏富达秸秆利用有限公司 Preparation method of straw fuel
CN105838471A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-08-10 高满珍 High combustion value biomass fuel and preparation method thereof
CN107082697A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-08-22 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 A kind of vegetables nursery matrix and utilize its vegetables method for culturing seedlings
CN108191490A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-22 北京三聚绿能科技有限公司 A kind of biomass carbon base and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20120704