CN102531465B - High-performance microscopic microfiber building heat insulation and heat preservation slurry and using method thereof - Google Patents

High-performance microscopic microfiber building heat insulation and heat preservation slurry and using method thereof Download PDF

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CN102531465B
CN102531465B CN201110429089XA CN201110429089A CN102531465B CN 102531465 B CN102531465 B CN 102531465B CN 201110429089X A CN201110429089X A CN 201110429089XA CN 201110429089 A CN201110429089 A CN 201110429089A CN 102531465 B CN102531465 B CN 102531465B
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construction
slurry
super fine
heat
heat insulation
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CN102531465A (en
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李斯龙
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FUJIAN OUNUOCHUANGNENG NEW MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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FUJIAN OUNUO PAINT TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The invention provides high-performance microscopic microfiber building heat insulation and heat preservation slurry with high tensile strength, compressive strength, heat insulation performance and tear resistance, and a using method thereof. The slurry comprises the following components of crylic synthetic resin, fluorinated silicone synthetic resin, a water retention thickening agent solution, a sepiolite fiber, a vermiculite fiber, a mullite fiber, powdered silicon dioxide, pearlife, a rock wool fiber, hollow ceramic microballs, a defoaming agent, a mildewproof bacteriacide and water; and furthermore, white portland cement, a reinforcing agent and water which is 20 to 30 weight percent of a component A can be added.

Description

The super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material field, relate in particular to a kind of heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry.
Background technology
Being widely used in the construction wall heat insulating work at present is traditional polyphenyl class and inorganic heat insulation mortar heat-insulation and heat-preservation material, and exist following all disadvantages: the shortcoming of expanded polystyrene veneer extruded sheet, exterior insulation system for polyphenyl plate thin plastering exterior wall is: fire line extreme difference water permeability resistance can be very poor, technology is numerous and diverse, construction costs high (every square metre flat cost 100~120 yuan); The firm degree of Wind-Pressure Resistance impact resistance and thermal insulation layer is relatively poor, the time limit in work-ing life is all shorter, phenomenons such as engineering uses often occur being pasted not strongly solid, the be full of cracks of plastering mortar big area, hollowing, come off, perhaps because the not firm or rivet corrosion of riveting of rivet, cystose, extruded sheet are slowly degraded and surface layer can't use oil-based solvent type coating etc., in case and inorganic heat insulation mortar exists insulation poor thermal conductivity and the bad the problems referred to above that occur of cohesive strength, the appropriate litigation fees height that keeps in repair or do over again.Polystyrene granule insulating mortar heat-insulation system shortcoming is: at first fire line is poor, anti-permeability performance is poor, phenomenon such as occur be full of cracks, hollowing easily, come off; Next uses the intensity of this system's heat insulation effect and thermal insulation layer to have implacable contradiction: if emphasize heat insulation effect, just must increase granular polystyrene and other heat-insulating granules fibre contents minimizing cement slurry content in the slurry, cause the insufficient strength of thermal insulation layer; If emphasize thermal insulation layer intensity, just must increase cement slurry content minimizing granular polystyrene and other heat-insulating granules fibre contents in the slurry, cause heat insulation effect to reduce.Also there are aspect factors such as cost height, fire line difference usually in the lagging material that is applied on the high thermal isolation and heat storage device systems, and insulating products such as above extruded sheet, styrofoam, inorganic heat insulation mortar more can't use in the iron and steel material quality building structure, thereby make China not reach good effect in popularization energy-saving and emission-reduction policy.
Publication number is that the Chinese invention patent application " the super fine building heat insulation slurry of microvoid and using method thereof " of CN101381546A discloses the super fine building heat insulation slurry of a kind of microvoid, it comprises aramid fiber 3-5 part, rock wool fibers 4-5 part, pearlife 6-8 part, pearlstone 8-10 part, float pearl 4-6 part, hard silicon calcium powder 3-4 part, fibrous vermiculite power 3-5 part, sepiolite 3-4 part, vinylformic acid synthetic resins 20-25 part, fluorine silicon synthetic resins 15-20 part, water-keeping thickening agent solution 15-20 part, defoamer 0.2-0.3 part, antimildew disinfectant 0.1-0.2 part, 3 parts in water; Described raw material proportionally is mixed into the thermal insulation coatings of described mud paste construction material.
But the tensile strength of this product, tear strength and ultimate compression strength still can not be satisfactory, and the adiabatic heat-insulation of product is desirable not enough.
Summary of the invention
For addressing the above problem, it is big to the invention provides a kind of tensile strength and ultimate compression strength, the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the high-performance microvoid that adiabatic heat-insulation and tear strength are good, and its application and constructional method are provided.
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid of the present invention is the mud paste, comprises the composition of following weight part:
Vinylformic acid synthetic resins 10-30 part;
Fluorine silicon synthetic resins 5-20 part;
Water-keeping thickening agent solution 10-30 part;
Sepiolite fibre 5-15 part;
Vermiculite fiber 3-10 part;
Mullite fiber 5-15 part;
Powdered silica 3-10 part;
Pearlife 5-20 part;
Rock wool fibers 5-10 part;
Hollow ceramic microspheres 5-10 part;
Defoamer 0.2-0.3 part;
Antimildew disinfectant 0.1-0.2 part;
Water 1-5 part.
The present invention also provides another kind of high-performance microvoid super fine building heat insulation slurry, and the super fine building heat insulation slurry of this high-performance microvoid is the mud paste, comprises component A and B component;
Described component A is grouped into by the one-tenth of following weight part:
Vinylformic acid synthetic resins 10-30 part;
Fluorine silicon synthetic resins 5-20 part;
Water-keeping thickening agent solution 10-30 part;
Sepiolite fibre 5-15 part;
Vermiculite fiber 3-10 part;
Mullite fiber 5-15 part;
Powdered silica 3-10 part;
Pearlife 5-20 part;
Rock wool fibers 5-10 part;
Hollow ceramic microspheres 5-10 part;
Defoamer 0.2-0.3 part;
Antimildew disinfectant 0.1-0.2 part;
Water 1-5 part;
Described B component is made up of the component of following weight part:
The white portland cement of component A weight 10-20%, component A weight 5-10% strengthen the water of promotor and component A weight 20-30%.
The present invention also provides the application in metope, wall face, building roof iron and steel material quality structural construction and Chemicals storage system and the high thermal isolation and heat storage vacuum insulation inner lining material in application of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of above-mentioned high-performance microvoid.
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid of the present invention can be used for application buildings and appendicular thermal insulation coat system thereof, and described buildings and appendicular thermal insulation coat thereof comprise interior metope thermal insulation coat system, exterior wall thermal insulation coat system, building roof thermal insulation coat system and iron and steel material quality structural construction and Chemicals storage system and adiabatic evacuated panel inner lining material heat-insulation and heat-preservation system.
In addition, cooperate the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid of the present invention, the present invention also provides a kind of coating process of interior metope, and the application step comprises:
(1) cement sand wall plastering;
(2) handle interior metope basic unit, unstable block, the particulate state of removing basic unit attach thing and dust;
(3) at the super fine building heat insulation slurry of basic unit's construction high-performance microvoid, construction thickness is 1mm-20mm, and construction temperature is higher than 2 ℃;
When construction thickness<3mm, adopt spraying application one, and smear smooth;
When at construction thickness 〉=3mm, adopt twice to criticize and smear construction; The per pass construction needs at interval more than 10 hours, and after treating the slurry layer surface drying of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid of construction together and having the intensity of construction again, criticize again and smear down the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid one, make the slurry layer total thickness of formation reach construction thickness, and smear smooth;
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of the described high-performance microvoid of above steps is claim 1 or the super fine building heat insulation slurry of 2 described high-performance microvoids.
As the improvement of aforesaid method, after step (3), carry out step (4) in addition: at interior metope heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer surface batch Puttying layer, carry out wall table coating application again.
As the improvement of aforesaid method, after step (3), carry out step (4) in addition: paste wall tile, mosaic or marble.
The present invention provides a kind of coating process of wall face in addition, and the application step comprises:
(1) the outer body of wall of cement sand plaster that will be to be constructed is cleaned out, and will hinder construct uneven and pat whole everywhere;
(2) water ratio for the treatment of the construction outer wall face less than 10%, pH value less than 9, need not boundary mortar, the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid is stirred;
(3) at the super fine building heat insulation slurry of basic unit's construction high-performance microvoid, construction thickness is 1mm-20mm, and construction temperature is higher than 2 ℃; During construction, keep the thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer even;
When construction thickness<3mm, adopt spraying application one, and smear smooth;
When at construction thickness 〉=3mm, adopt twice to criticize and smear construction; The per pass construction needs at interval more than 10 hours, and after treating the slurry layer surface drying of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid of construction together and having the intensity of construction again, criticize again and smear down the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid one, make the slurry layer total thickness of formation reach construction thickness, and smear smooth;
(4) step (3) construction back maintenance is 5 days, and then, the cracking resistance levelling protective layer that begins to construct is putty layer, putty layer adopts batch method of smearing to construct, and the putty layer gauge control is constructed together at 1~3mm, the compacting of levelling face is smooth to sand flat, and putty layer construction back maintenance is more than 7 days;
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of the described high-performance microvoid of above steps is claim 1 or the super fine building heat insulation slurry of 2 described high-performance microvoids.
As the improvement of aforesaid method, after step (4), carry out step (5) in addition: carry out wall table coating application.
With respect to the super fine building heat insulation slurry of existing microvoid and construction technology, the present invention has added materials such as mullite fiber, powdered silica, hollow ceramic microspheres, and has adjusted the proportioning of pearlife material.Mullite fiber has that volume is light, thermal conductivity is low, hydrophobic nature is strong, resistivity against fire is excellent, splitting resistance is good; Aerosil has fluffy matter powdery, porousness, lightweight, environment-protecting asepsis, high temperature resistant unreactiveness and special thixotropy; Hollow ceramic microspheres has that thermal conductivity is low, water-intake rate is low, resistivity against fire is good, ultimate compression strength is high, excellent performance aspect anti-aging and uvioresistant, more than the binding property of the rational proportion of three kinds of main raws and pearlife and basic unit more firm, batch scraping property is simpler and easy in construction process, after carry out advantages such as adhesive material sticking power is stronger on the aspect of step.By above three kinds of main raw material(s)s, obviously improved in the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid of the present invention in the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry products of microvoid tensile strength, tear strength and ultimate compression strength, and improved the adiabatic heat-insulation of product.
The present invention compares with traditional various heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurries, adopt polycrystalline mullite fibre in the raw material of the present invention, pearlife, powdered silica, the polycrystalline alumina fiber mullite fiber be a kind of be raw material with elite ten million year volcanics, be in the world up-to-date ultralight quality high-temperature thermal insulation material it constituted by the mullite microcrystal, it integrates crystalline material and fiber properties does not have, fabulous thermostability is arranged, 1840 ℃ of 1500 ℃ of fusing points of use temperature, thermal conductivity is low, specific heat 1.24kj/kgk and pearlife, the powdered silica collocation is applied in the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of microvoid, and it is big to make its product have tensile strength, have good elasticity, low heat conductivity heat preservation and insulation excellence, the heat resistanceheat resistant anti-seismic performance is strong, advantages such as fire protection flame retarding.Pearlife be a kind of by material from acidic volcanic glass matter lava through fragmentation, preheating, fuse the white with vesicular structure, powdery, the loose material that expand and to form, have that capacity is little, thermal conductivity is low, chemical stability is good, do not fire, characteristic such as nontoxic, tasteless, sound-absorbing.Pearlife (the super power engineering of very low temperature pearlstone) is with Sweet natural gas to make thermal source heating pearlstone surface spraying organosilicon through ore in sand form at vertical kiln discharge by the selected granule of powder to form in hydrophobic structure and the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of microvoid the application of arranging in pairs or groups mutually of mullite fiber and powdered silica, has that volume is light, thermal conductivity is low, hydrophobic nature is strong, resistivity against fire is excellent, performances such as asepsis environment-protecting, chemical stability are good, heat insulating excellence.Aerosil molecular formula SiO 2The fluffy powder pearl porousness of white, nonpoisonous and tasteless, pollution-free, the tensile strength that its unreactiveness of possessing of high temperature resistant while and special thixotropic property have obviously been improved the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry products of microvoid, tear strength and ultimate compression strength, improved the adiabatic heat-insulation of product, with mullite fiber, pearlife collocation application has cellular structure makes each particle that independent hollow be arranged, volume is light, specific surface area reaches, surface adsorption power is strong, surface energy is big, disperse compatibility performance good, thermal resistance, aspects such as resistance have the special performance stability superior with it, reinforcement, thickening property and thixotropy, in the heat-insulation and heat-preservation product, with resin-bonded irreplaceable effect is arranged, solved the fire protection flame retarding difficult problem that insulating product exists again.In can existing building heat preservation product: though 1. extruded sheet, the low water-repellancy of their thermal conductivity coefficient of styrofoam are poor, fireproof anti-cracking be bad, hollowing, cohesive strength slip-off preventing are poor, poor chemical stability and construction is numerous and diverse, cost is high; And the good but thermal conductivity height of its fire protection flame retarding of mineral-type thermal insulation mortar, heat-insulation and heat-preservation is poor, water-proofing anticracking is poor, cohesive strength, ultimate compression strength is bad, construction is numerous and diverse.The present invention creatively is applied to building heat insulation slurry field with mullite fiber, pearlife, powdered silica and aqueous, environmental protective and other hollow materials, the combination of fluorine silicon self-crosslinking resin, adopt inorganic combining with organic materials to fill up the blank of domestic correlative technology field, namely kept heat-insulation and heat-preservation and every excellent properties in the insulating product, made this slurry have and be incubated rubber cement, the incomparable following remarkable advantage of thermal insulation mortar in the past:
(1) the low and heat storage coefficient height of thermal conductivity, heat insulation effect is obvious.Well whether most important index is its thermal conductivity and heat storage coefficient to weigh the heat preservation slurry performance.This product thermal conductivity≤0.050W/ (mK), heat storage coefficient 〉=4W/ (m 2K), fire-protection rating reaches the A level, and ultimate compression strength 〉=500 all are better than " glue powder polyphenyl granule exterior wall outer heat preservation system " and (JG158-2004) stipulate thermal conductivity performance index≤0.06W/ (mK) heat storage coefficient index 〉=0.95W/ (m of adhesive powder-polystyrene granule thermal insulation mortar 2K) fire-protection rating reaches the index of B level.
(2) be 0.007W (m for adiabatic heat-insulation composite sheet thermal conductivity after the vacuum thermal insulation composition board inner lining material process extraction vacuum 2K) fire-protection rating reaches the A level, is to be applied in preferred material in the systems such as hanging down the high accumulation of heat of heat conduction field.Non-toxic formulation, environmental protection, water-intake rate is low, cost performance is excellent.This product does not contain volatility carcinogenic substance and other hazardous compounds such as VOC, all can environment not polluted in production and the construction, can workmen's health not worked the mischief, and be Green Product.Because adopting the super fine slurry tubular fibre of microvoid is to have open-celled structure, so that gas finds time to satisfy the performance that all needs of vacuum heat-insulating plate liner core possess, point of contact was less after the arrangement of micropore simultaneously made joint in the material, also had remarkable advantages such as fire-retardant sound-absorbing thereby reduce the super fine slurry tubular fibre of solid thermal conduction microvoid.
(3) prescription upgrading, technology advanced person, performance optimization.Owing to rejected the undesirable composition of heat-insulating property in the common insulating product in the prescription, high temperature resistant, the acid-fast alkali-proof in the national new high-tech product catalogue, lightweight mullite fiber and pearlife, powdered silica have courageously been selected for use, make that this slurry has that thermal conductivity is low, heat storage coefficient is high, good flame resistance, noise reduction be by force the incomparable performance advantages of other lagging materials, not only can be used for the building heat preserving purposes, also can be used for the heat insulating of iron and steel material quality structurizing chemical product storage system heat-insulation and heat-preservation and other special purposes.
(4) fire resistance is outstanding, more is applicable to the building of crowded place: system polyphenyl class lagging material can discharge a large amount of poisonous irritating smog when burning, make the escape crowd distinguish that unclear direction and expiratory dyspnea cause loss of life and personal injury easily if meet fire.Most of starting material that this product adopts all are that natural mineral, special fibre, particular polymer and auxiliary agent mix the aerospace material product that crosslinked back generates high heat stability, reach GB 12441-2005 " finishing fire retardant paint " national standard.Press non-fire material (A level) standard testing among the GB8624-1997 " Classification on burning behaviour for building materials ", when fire takes place, both do not had naked light also not produce thick smoke, can not cause human body harm, be the first-selected quality matetrial of Building Fire Protection.
(5) superpower chemical stability: acid and alkali corrosion, ultraviolet-resistant aging not only is suitable for various facing mortars, water-borne coatings, and can spray all kinds of SOLVENTS type facing paint, emulsion paint, stone similar paint, fluorine carbon lacquer etc., also direct wall tile, inorganic wall material be extra construction processing all.
(6) high cohesive strength, can be directly used in old metope renovation such as wall tile, mosaic reducing energy consumption: the used polymkeric substance of this product is the low thermal conductive polymer of a kind of self-cross linking type, environment-friendly water-based resin, it can improve tensile strength, cohesive strength, the shearing resistance of filming, and elongation, make coating can adapt to the motion of screed crackle, avoid cracking or wrinkling.Used low thermal conductive polymer has lasting snappiness, excellent water-alkali resistance, and all there is good adhesive in various basic units, can be directly used in the reducing energy consumption engineering of wall tile, mosaic etc., and interfacial agents that need not be extra or root out original ceramic tile.Stripping strength and shearing resistance height, Wind-Pressure Resistance, time property is good, and it is little to do shrinkability, and without grid cloth and anticracking grout, many index is better than the relevant national standard requirement.
(7) construction is simple, only needs batch to scrape moulding and gets final product one material operation, seamless no dead angle.
(8) long service life is 5 times of polyphenyl class heat-insulation system life-span.
(9) noise reduction is except making an uproar, and only needs batch to scrape 5 millimeters and just can make sound attenuating 8-10 decibel.
(10) cost performance height, this product is compared with inorganic heat insulation mortar, bead thermal insulation mortar, polyphenyl class lagging material, and operational procedure is simple, difficulty of construction is low, every superior performance and moderate cost.
Embodiment
By describing technology contents of the present invention, structural attitude in detail, realized purpose and effect, give explanation below in conjunction with embodiment is detailed.
Following examples provide 2 types high-performance microvoid super fine building heat insulation slurry
The super fine building heat insulation slurry I of high-performance microvoid is the mud paste, comprises the composition of following weight part:
Vinylformic acid synthetic resins 10-30 part;
Fluorine silicon synthetic resins 5-20 part;
Water-keeping thickening agent solution 10-30 part;
Sepiolite fibre 5-15 part;
Vermiculite fiber 3-10 part;
Mullite fiber 5-15 part;
Powdered silica 3-10 part;
Pearlife 5-20 part;
Rock wool fibers 5-10 part;
Hollow ceramic microspheres 5-10 part;
Defoamer 0.2-0.3 part;
Antimildew disinfectant 0.1-0.2 part;
Water 1-5 part.
The super fine building heat insulation slurry II of high-performance microvoid comprises component A and B component;
Described component A is the super fine building heat insulation slurry I of high-performance microvoid;
B component is made up of the component of following weight part:
The white portland cement of component A weight 10-20%, component A weight 5-10% strengthen the water of promotor and component A weight 20-30%.
When exterior wall thermal insulation coat system construction, insulating, the anti-crack mastic layer of new construction can not be drenched with rain in 24h, as run into the rainy day, should stop construction; Have after the construction and should note in the time of may running into situation about drenching with rain in time adopting plastics film to carry out canopy-protected, and should note adding the material that water mixes and stirs and to use up on duty, scrap in case condense.
The leading heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of high-performance microvoid (single-component) of finished product is passed in the slurry can and with beating pump slurries is delivered to head box through pouring stock pump into, the ratio of the certain water of redilution is laggard goes into the grid case and makes slurry net controllable thickness after the 8-15mm pre-profiling, roll-in makes the uniform and stable unanimity of wet pulp liquid through the roll-in system again, taking out the water content that part water enters before the drying baker pulp sheets of slurry type again with vacuum apparatus again is 10-14%, and bake out temperature control was dried the heat-insulating shield liner section bar that comes true with 5-10 minute with the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of microvoid between 200-300 ℃.
Because the super fine slurry of employing microvoid is that the main material in the liner core is that tubular fibre is to have open-celled structure, so that gas finds time to satisfy the performance that all needs of core material of vacuum heat insulation plate possess, point of contact was less after the arrangement of micropore simultaneously made joint in the material, also had remarkable advantages such as fire-retardant sound-absorbing thereby reduce solid thermal conduction tubular fibre.
The application step of using the product of various embodiments of the present invention to be used for interior metope thermal insulation coat system is:
The construction temperature of slurry should be higher than 2 ℃.The thickness of per pass coating construction was answered attenuate when temperature was low, otherwise drying is too slow.Slurry should be constructed after installations such as sash, pipeline through walls, body of wall built-in fitting.Can carry out after having constructed by construction cement sand wall plastering code requirement.
The heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry is used for the heat-insulation and heat-preservation of inner wall of building face, and its coating is thicker, thereby need not to require like that basic unit is carried out very strict processing as slurry, but also should keep basic unit smooth substantially.Basic unit should not have insecure block before the slurry construction, particulate state attaches thing and dust etc.The heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry generally adopts trowelling spraying dress, and the construction requirement insulation layer thickness can adopt the spraying method construction below 3mm, presses the twice trowelling when 3 millimeters-20 millimeters thickness of the coating of requirement and planeness.Pitch time between the twice coating is covered with paint, lacquer, colour wash, etc. is more than the 10h, should and have with the coating surface drying suitable to begin to carry out after smearing intensity again.After the second road heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry trowelling was intact, following one batch of Puttying layer gone up emulsion paint and other finish coats after smooth again, if stickup wall tile and marble surface can directly be pasted at thermal insulation layer, need not Puttying.
Toilet or kitchen and metope that water logging erosion is arranged can directly be pasted wall tile, mosaic and marble at the heat-insulation and heat-preservation laminar surface after construction insulating drying, or batch scrape water-proof putty, go up the special-purpose water-proof finish paint again.
Exterior wall thermal insulation coat system: with described heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry serve as the insulation main body, be protective layer with the cracking resistance leveling putty, the skin that is finish coat with coating face brick or other outer decorative products is incubated composite system outward.
The application step of exterior wall thermal insulation coat system is:
(1) cement sand plaster body of wall that will be to be constructed is cleaned out, and will manage smoothly substantially everywhere than significantly uneven.
(2) water ratio for the treatment of metope less than 10%, pH value less than 9, need not boundary mortar, the leading heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of high-performance microvoid is stirred into uniform thick pulpous state; Adopt batch method of scraping to construct, insulation layer thickness is controlled according to 5 millimeters thickness material usages, and general every square metre of materials amount is 4.5~5.5 kilograms;
(3) construction heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry adopts to criticize and smears the construction of spray method, is to adopt the spraying method construction below the 3mm as construction requirement heat-insulation and heat-preservation layer thickness.When thickness thermal insulation coat thickness when 3mm is above is controlled according to design requirements; 3~10 millimeters of the construction thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry per pass, the basic rough levelling of beating is wanted in the first road compacting of constructing, treat to begin to construct behind the first road preliminarily dried (needing more than the 10h approximately) second road, in the time of construct to design requirements thickness one, should surface treatment is smooth, during construction, should note keeping the thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer even;
(4) heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry construction back maintenance is 5 days, then, the cracking resistance protective layer begins to construct, the cracking resistance protective layer generally is also referred to as the exterior wall putty layer, the same batch method of scraping that adopts is constructed, this layer thickness control is at 1~3 millimeter, general construction together, require smooth the sanding flat of levelling face compacting, the putty layer construction back maintenance outer decorative paint of can constructing more than 7 days, exterior wall decorating coating is according to normal coating application method application, and exposed wall facing brick or marble are constructed according to normal stickup wall tile or marmorean code requirement.
(5) will be the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry I type of high-performance microvoid (single-component) of finished product be passed to and with beating pump slurries be delivered to head box in the slurry can through pouring stock pump into, the ratio of the certain water of redilution is laggard goes into the grid case and makes slurry net controllable thickness built in the 8-15mm pre-profiling, again through the uniform and stable unanimity of roll-in system roll-in feasible stream wet pulp liquid, take out part water with vacuum apparatus again, make the pulp sheets of moulding enter again before the drying baker water content for the control of 10-14% bake out temperature between 200-300 ℃, with 5-10 minute the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of microvoid is dried into vacuum heat-insulating plate liner section bar.When interior exterior wall uses, should notice that new heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer of constructing, anti-crack mastic layer etc. can not be drenched with rain in the heat-insulation and heat-preservation system in 24h.As run into the rainy day, should stop construction; Should note in time adopting plastics film to carry out canopy-protected in the time of might running into situation about drenching with rain after the construction.And should note adding the material that water mixes and stirs and should use up on duty, scrap in case condense.
The technical performance index of product of the present invention such as following table:
Publication number is application for a patent for invention " the super fine building heat insulation slurry of microvoid and using method thereof " product index and performance such as the following table of CN101381546A:
According to above two kinds of performance index of product technologies contrast, the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of high-performance microvoid of the present invention obviously is better than getting in the Chinese invention patent application that publication number is CN101381546A " the super fine building heat insulation slurry of microvoid and using method thereof " leading indicator and performance on the leading indicator such as tensile strength, burning grade behind slurry density, dry density, heat storage coefficient, thermal conductivity, high temperature.
Below be several specific embodiment of the present invention, further set forth the present invention, but the present invention be not limited only to this.
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of embodiment 1:I type single-component high-performance microvoid mainly is to be made by the raw material of following weight part: 10 parts of vinylformic acid synthetic resins, 20 parts of fluorine silicon synthetic resins, 10 parts of water-keeping thickening agent solutions, 15 parts of sepiolite fibres, 3 parts of vermiculite fibers, 15 parts of mullite fibers, 5 parts of powdered silicas, 20 parts of pearlifes, 5 parts of rock wool fibers, 10 parts of hollow ceramic microspheres, 0.2 part of defoamer, 0.2 part of antimildew disinfectant, 1 part in water; Above-mentioned raw materials proportionally is mixed into the heat preservation slurry of mud paste construction material.
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of embodiment 2:I type single-component high-performance microvoid mainly is to be made by the raw material of following weight part: 30 parts of vinylformic acid synthetic resins, 5 parts of fluorine silicon synthetic resins, 30 parts of water-keeping thickening agent solutions, 5 parts of sepiolite fibres, 10 parts of vermiculite fibers, 5 parts of mullite fibers, 5 parts of powdered silicas, 10 parts of perlite fibers, 5 parts in modified pearlite sand, 10 parts of rock wool fibers, 5 parts of hollow ceramic microspheres, 0.3 part of defoamer, 0.1 part of antimildew disinfectant, 5 parts in water; Above-mentioned raw materials proportionally is mixed into the heat preservation slurry of mud paste construction material.
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of embodiment 3:I type single-component high-performance microvoid mainly is to be made by the raw material of following weight part: 20 parts of vinylformic acid synthetic resins, 14 parts of fluorine silicon synthetic resins, 20 parts of water-keeping thickening agent solutions, 10 parts of sepiolite fibres, 6 parts of vermiculite fibers, 10 parts of mullite fibers, 3 parts of powdered silicas, 7 parts of perlite fibers, 10 parts in modified pearlite sand, 7 parts of rock wool fibers, 7 parts of hollow ceramic microspheres, 0.25 part of defoamer, 0.15 part of antimildew disinfectant, 3 parts in water; Above-mentioned raw materials proportionally is mixed into the heat preservation slurry of mud paste construction material.
The two super fine building heat insulation slurries of component high-performance microvoid of embodiment 4:II type mainly are to be made by the raw material of following weight part: 100 parts in the super fine building heat insulation slurry of I type single-component high-performance microvoid, 10 parts of white portland cements, 10 parts of promotor, 20 parts in water, mixing and stirring is to mud paste construction material.
The two super fine building heat insulation slurries of component high-performance microvoid of embodiment 5:II type mainly are to be made by the raw material of following weight part: 100 parts in the super fine building heat insulation slurry of I type single-component high-performance microvoid, 20 parts of white portland cements, 5 parts of promotor, 30 parts in water, mixing and stirring is to mud paste construction material.
The two super fine building heat insulation slurries of component high-performance microvoid of embodiment 6:II type mainly are to be made by the raw material of following weight part: 100 parts in the super fine building heat insulation slurry of I type single-component high-performance microvoid, 15 parts of white portland cements, 7 parts of promotor, 25 parts in water, mixing and stirring is to mud paste construction material.
The application step that the super fine building heat insulation slurry of embodiment 7:I type single-component high-performance microvoid is used for interior metope thermal insulation coat system is:
(1) finishing the various elements of inner wall of building face by working specification installs and the cement sand wall plastering;
(2) handle interior metope basic unit, unstable block, the particulate state of removing basic unit attach thing and dust;
(3) adopt the super fine building heat insulation slurry of spraying method application one I type single-component high-performance microvoid in basic unit, the coat-thickness of formation is 1.5 millimeters, adopts to criticize and smears the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of the mode application first road I type single-component high-performance microvoid; The coat-thickness that forms is 5 millimeters, smears smoothly, and construction temperature should be higher than 2 ℃;
(4) interval is 10 hours, after treating the coating surface drying of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the first road I type single-component high-performance microvoid and having suitable intensity, smear the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the second road I type single-component high-performance microvoid again, the coat-thickness of Xing Chenging is 20 millimeters one by one, smear smoothly, construction temperature should be higher than 2 ℃;
(5) interior metope thermal insulation coat surface batch Puttying layer and on emulsion paint.
The application step that the super fine building heat insulation slurry of embodiment 8:I type single-component high-performance microvoid is used for interior metope thermal insulation coat wall tile system is:
(1) finishing the various elements of inner wall of building face by working specification installs and the cement sand wall plastering;
(2) handle interior metope basic unit, unstable block, the particulate state of removing basic unit attach thing and dust;
(3) coat-thickness that adopts the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of spraying method one I type of application (single-component) high-performance microvoid to form in basic unit is 1.5 millimeters surfacings, and construction temperature is higher than 2 ℃; Adopt the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the trowelling mode application first road I type single-component high-performance microvoid in basic unit, the coat-thickness of Xing Chenging is 5 millimeters one by one, smears smoothly, and construction temperature should be higher than 2 ℃;
(4) interval is 10 hours, after treating the coating surface drying of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the first road I type single-component high-performance microvoid and having suitable intensity, smear the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the second road I type single-component high-performance microvoid again, the coat-thickness that forms is 20 millimeters, smear smoothly, construction temperature should be higher than 2 ℃;
(5) paste wall tile on interior metope thermal insulation coat surface.
The application step that the super fine building heat insulation slurry of embodiment 9:I type single-component high-performance microvoid is used for interior metope thermal insulation coat stone material system is:
(1) finishing the various elements of inner wall of building face by working specification installs and the cement sand wall plastering;
(2) handle interior metope basic unit, unstable block, the particulate state of removing basic unit attach thing and dust;
(3) adopt the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the trowelling mode application first road II type single-component high-performance microvoid in basic unit, the coat-thickness of formation is 15 millimeters, smears smoothly, and construction temperature should be higher than 2 ℃;
(4) interval is 10 hours, after treating the coating surface drying of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the first road II type single-component high-performance microvoid and having suitable intensity, smear the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the second road I type single-component high-performance microvoid again, the coat-thickness that forms is 15 millimeters, smear smoothly, construction temperature should be higher than 2 ℃;
(5) paste marble on interior metope thermal insulation coat surface.
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of embodiment 10:I type single-component high-performance microvoid is used for application exterior wall thermal insulation coat system, and the application step is:
(1) the outer body of wall of cement sand plaster that will be to be constructed is cleaned out, and will be tangible uneven pat everywhere whole;
(2) water ratio for the treatment of the construction outer wall face less than 10%, pH value less than 9, need not boundary mortar, stir during with the super fine building heat insulation slurry construction of I type single-component high-performance microvoid;
When (3) smearing the super fine building heat insulation slurry of I type single-component high-performance microvoid, adopt and batch scrape the method construction, carry out twice and smear mode, thermal insulation coat thickness is controlled according to design requirements; 3 millimeters of the construction thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry per pass; To play rough levelling after smearing the compacting of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the first road I type single-component high-performance microvoid, treat to begin to smear second road behind the super fine building heat insulation slurry preliminarily dried of the first road I type single-component high-performance microvoid; During construction, should note keeping the thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer even;
(4) heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry construction back maintenance is 5 days, and then, the cracking resistance protective layer that begins to construct is the exterior wall putty layer.Adopt and batch to scrape the method construction, this layer thickness control is at 3 millimeters, and construction together requires that the compacting of levelling face is smooth to sand flat, the putty layer construction back maintenance outer decorative paint of can constructing more than 7 days.
Embodiment 11: the using method of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid is characterized in that the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation of high-performance microvoid is used for high thermal isolation and heat storage vacuum insulation liner step method and is:
(1) the super fine heat-insulating slurry of high-performance microvoid stirs the pulpous state online;
(2) shaping roll extrusion;
(3) vacuum dehumidifying;
(4) cooling is become a useful person;
Described step comprises the steps:
1. the super fine heat preservation slurry of microvoid adds and pours in the slurry can after water stirs, and is delivered to then and is made into head box in the type grid;
2. online back dehydration forwards that to carry out the roll extrusion different required gauge control of classifying respectively on the vacuum extrusion device systems be 1-25mm to.
Manufacture method of core material of vacuum heat insulation plate is characterized in that: comprise the steps: in the described step
(1) under vacuum condition, takes out part water, make the control of sheet material slurries water content at 10-40%;
(2) the drying in oven moulding is sent in the super fine heat preservation slurry pre-profiling of microvoid, temperature control is at 200-400 ℃ in the baking oven, and drying time is controlled at 6-10min.
Manufacture method of core material of vacuum heat insulation plate is characterized in that: comprise the steps: in the described step
(1) is cooled to normal temperature;
(2) cut periphery on request, make standard liner core.
Embodiment 12: the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry I type of high-performance microvoid (single-component) is used for iron and steel material quality structural system coating step and is:
(1) long-pending thing and the dust of attaching of iron and steel material quality surface removal rust;
(2) rust-proofing primer is sealed in the spraying of iron and steel material quality top layer together;
(3) one super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of high-performance microvoid of spraying on the sealing rust-proofing primer, the slurry layer thickness of formation is 1mm-3mm, the pulp surface layer needs smooth construction temperature should be higher than 2 ℃;
(4) on the heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer on iron and steel material quality top layer, spray the thermal insulating coating face again and be coated with;
The using method of the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of high-performance microvoid is characterized in that the super fine heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry of high-performance microvoid, is used for application spray iron and steel material quality top layer, and the application step is:
(1) long-pending thing and the dust of attaching of iron and steel material quality surface removal rust that will be to be constructed;
(2) wait to construct that can not to have the water quality of containing to need dry on the iron and steel material quality surface, it is 80-100 μ m that rust-proofing primer thickness is sealed in spraying earlier together.Wait to do after 5 hours, the super fine heat-insulating slurry I type of high-performance microvoid (single-component) need stir when construction, can use the spraying method construction, and construction requirement heat-insulation and heat-preservation layer thickness requires coating smooth evenly at 1-2mm.Every square of usage quantity reaches the 1.5-3 kilogram, treats 10 hours dryings;
(3) clear up planeness on the thermal insulation layer again after the super fine insulating drying of high-performance microvoid, can spray down road thermal insulating coating surface layer, thermal insulating coating surface construction thickness is 80-100 μ m, and the surface should be smooth even.
The two super fine building heat insulation slurries of component high-performance microvoid of embodiment 13:II type are used for application interior wall thermal insulation coat system, and the application step is:
(1) the outer body of wall of cement sand plaster that will be to be constructed is cleaned out, and will be tangible uneven pat everywhere whole;
(2) treat that the water ratio of construction outer wall face is less than 10%, the pH value is less than 9, need not boundary mortar, during with the super fine building heat insulation slurry construction of II type two-pack high-performance microvoid another group of one group of powdery and pulpous state is added an amount of water and stir into uniform thick pulpous state;
When (3) smearing the super fine building heat insulation slurry of II type two-pack high-performance microvoid, adopt and batch scrape the method construction, carry out twice and smear mode, thermal insulation coat thickness is controlled according to design requirements; 7 millimeters of the construction thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry per pass; To play rough levelling after smearing the compacting of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the first road II type two-pack high-performance microvoid, treat to begin to smear second road behind the super fine building heat insulation slurry preliminarily dried of the first road II type two-pack high-performance microvoid; During construction, should note keeping the thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer even;
(4) heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry construction back maintenance is 5 days, and then, the cracking resistance protective layer that begins to construct is the exterior wall putty layer.Adopt and batch to smear the method construction, this layer thickness control is at 10 millimeters, and construction together requires that the compacting of levelling face is smooth to sand flat, the putty layer construction back maintenance decorative paint of can constructing more than 7 days.
The two super fine building heat insulation slurries of component high-performance microvoid of embodiment 14:II type are used for application interior wall thermal insulation coat tile system, and the application step is:
(1) the outer body of wall of cement sand plaster that will be to be constructed is cleaned out, and will be tangible uneven pat everywhere whole;
(2) treat that the water ratio of construction outer wall face is less than 10%, the pH value is less than 9, need not boundary mortar, during with the super fine building heat insulation slurry construction of II type two-pack high-performance microvoid another group of one group of powdery and pulpous state is added an amount of water and stir into uniform thick pulpous state;
When (3) smearing the super fine building heat insulation slurry of II type two-pack high-performance microvoid, adopt and batch scrape the method construction, carry out twice and smear mode, thermal insulation coat thickness is controlled according to design requirements; 7 millimeters of the construction thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry per pass; To play rough levelling after smearing the compacting of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the first road II type two-pack high-performance microvoid, treat to begin to smear second road behind the super fine building heat insulation slurry preliminarily dried of the first road II type two-pack high-performance microvoid; During construction, should note keeping the thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer even;
(4) heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry construction back maintenance is 5 days, and then, the cracking resistance protective layer that begins to construct is the exterior wall putty layer.Adopt and batch to scrape the method construction, this layer thickness control is at 10 millimeters, and construction together requires that the compacting of levelling face is smooth to sand flat, and putty layer construction back maintenance can be pasted wall tile more than 7 days.
The two super fine building heat insulation slurries of component high-performance microvoid of embodiment 15:II type are used for application interior wall thermal insulation coat stone material system, and the application step is:
(1) the outer body of wall of cement sand plaster that will be to be constructed is cleaned out, and will be tangible uneven pat everywhere whole;
(2) treat that the water ratio of construction outer wall face is less than 10%, the pH value is less than 9, need not boundary mortar, during with the super fine building heat insulation slurry construction of II type two-pack high-performance microvoid another group of one group of powdery and pulpous state is added an amount of water and stir into uniform thick pulpous state;
When (3) smearing the super fine building heat insulation slurry of II type two-pack high-performance microvoid, adopt and batch scrape the method construction, carry out twice and smear mode, thermal insulation coat thickness is controlled according to design requirements; 7 millimeters of the construction thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry per pass; To play rough levelling after smearing the compacting of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the first road II type two-pack high-performance microvoid, treat to begin to smear second road behind the super fine building heat insulation slurry preliminarily dried of the first road II type two-pack high-performance microvoid; During construction, should note keeping the thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer even;
(4) heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry construction back maintenance is 5 days, and then, the cracking resistance protective layer that begins to construct is the exterior wall putty layer.Adopt and batch to scrape the method construction, this layer thickness control is at 5 millimeters, and construction together requires that the compacting of levelling face is smooth to sand flat, and putty layer construction back maintenance can be pasted stone slab more than 7 days.
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of embodiment 16:I type single-component high-performance microvoid is used for application exterior wall thermal insulation coat wall tile system, and the application step is:
(1) the outer body of wall of cement sand plaster that will be to be constructed is cleaned out, and will be tangible uneven pat everywhere whole;
(2) water ratio for the treatment of the construction outer wall face less than 10%, pH value less than 9, need not boundary mortar, stir during with the super fine building heat insulation slurry construction of I type single-component high-performance microvoid;
When (3) smearing the super fine building heat insulation slurry of I type single-component high-performance microvoid, adopt and batch scrape the method construction, carry out twice and smear mode, thermal insulation coat thickness is controlled according to design requirements; 10 millimeters of the construction thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry per pass; To play rough levelling after smearing the compacting of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the first road I type single-component high-performance microvoid, treat to begin to smear second road behind the super fine building heat insulation slurry preliminarily dried of the first road I type single-component high-performance microvoid; During construction, should note keeping the thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer even;
(4) heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry construction back maintenance is 5 days, and then, the cracking resistance protective layer that begins to construct is the exterior wall putty layer.Adopt and batch to scrape the method construction, this layer thickness control is at 10 millimeters, and construction together requires that the compacting of levelling face is smooth to sand flat, and putty layer construction back maintenance can be pasted wall tile more than 7 days.
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of embodiment 17:I type single-component high-performance microvoid is used for application exterior wall thermal insulation coat stone slab system, and the application step is:
(1) the outer body of wall of cement sand plaster that will be to be constructed is cleaned out, and will be tangible uneven pat everywhere whole;
(2) water ratio for the treatment of the construction outer wall face less than 10%, pH value less than 9, need not boundary mortar, stir during with the super fine building heat insulation slurry construction of I type single-component high-performance microvoid;
When (3) smearing the super fine building heat insulation slurry of I type single-component high-performance microvoid, adopt and batch scrape the method construction, carry out twice and smear mode, thermal insulation coat thickness is controlled according to design requirements; 10 millimeters of the construction thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry per pass; To play rough levelling after smearing the compacting of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the first road I type single-component high-performance microvoid, treat to begin to smear second road behind the super fine building heat insulation slurry preliminarily dried of the first road I type single-component high-performance microvoid; During construction, should note keeping the thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer even;
(4) heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry construction back maintenance is 5 days, and then, the cracking resistance protective layer that begins to construct is the exterior wall putty layer.Adopt and batch to scrape the method construction, this layer thickness control is at 10 millimeters, and construction together requires that the compacting of levelling face is smooth to sand flat, and putty layer construction back maintenance can be pasted stone slab more than 7 days.
The two super fine building heat insulation slurries of component high-performance microvoid of embodiment 18:II type are used for application exterior wall thermal insulation coat wall tile system, and the application step is:
(1) the outer body of wall of cement sand plaster that will be to be constructed is cleaned out, and will be tangible uneven pat everywhere whole;
(2) treat that the water ratio of construction outer wall face is less than 10%, the pH value is less than 9, need not boundary mortar, during with the super fine building heat insulation slurry construction of II type two-pack high-performance microvoid another group of one group of powdery and pulpous state is added an amount of water and stir into uniform thick pulpous state;
When (3) smearing the super fine building heat insulation slurry of II type two-pack high-performance microvoid, adopt and batch scrape the method construction, carry out twice and smear mode, thermal insulation coat thickness is controlled according to design requirements; 7 millimeters of the construction thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry per pass; To play rough levelling after smearing the compacting of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the first road II type two-pack high-performance microvoid, treat to begin to smear second road behind the super fine building heat insulation slurry preliminarily dried of the first road II type two-pack high-performance microvoid; During construction, should note keeping the thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer even;
(4) heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry construction back maintenance is 5 days, and then, the cracking resistance protective layer that begins to construct is the exterior wall putty layer.Adopt and batch to scrape the method construction, this layer thickness control is at 5 millimeters, and construction together requires that the compacting of levelling face is smooth to sand flat, and putty layer construction back maintenance can be pasted wall tile more than 7 days.
The two super fine building heat insulation slurries of component high-performance microvoid of embodiment 19:II type are used for application exterior wall thermal insulation coat wall tile system, and the application step is:
(1) the outer body of wall of cement sand plaster that will be to be constructed is cleaned out, and will be tangible uneven pat everywhere whole;
(2) treat that the water ratio of construction outer wall face is less than 10%, the pH value is less than 9, need not boundary mortar, during with the super fine building heat insulation slurry construction of II type two-pack high-performance microvoid another group of one group of powdery and pulpous state is added an amount of water and stir into uniform thick pulpous state;
When (3) smearing the super fine building heat insulation slurry of II type two-pack high-performance microvoid, adopt and batch scrape the method construction, carry out twice and smear mode, thermal insulation coat thickness is controlled according to design requirements; 7 millimeters of the construction thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry per pass; To play rough levelling after smearing the compacting of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the first road II type two-pack high-performance microvoid, treat to begin to smear second road behind the super fine building heat insulation slurry preliminarily dried of the first road II type two-pack high-performance microvoid; During construction, should note keeping the thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer even;
(4) heat-insulation and heat-preservation slurry construction back maintenance is 5 days, and then, the cracking resistance protective layer that begins to construct is the exterior wall putty layer.Adopt and batch to scrape the method construction, this layer thickness control is at 5 millimeters, and construction together requires that the compacting of levelling face is smooth to sand flat, and putty layer construction back maintenance can veneer coating more than 7 days.
The above only is embodiments of the invention; be not so limit claim of the present invention; every equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion that utilizes description of the present invention to do; or directly or indirectly be used in other relevant technical fields, all in like manner be included in the scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid, it is characterized in that: the super fine building heat insulation slurry of described high-performance microvoid is the mud paste, comprises the composition of following weight part:
Vinylformic acid synthetic resins 10-30 part;
Fluorine silicon synthetic resins 5-20 part;
Water-keeping thickening agent solution 10-30 part;
Sepiolite fibre 5-15 part;
Vermiculite fiber 3-10 part;
Mullite fiber 5-15 part;
Powdered silica 3-10 part;
Pearlife 5-20 part;
Rock wool fibers 5-10 part;
Hollow ceramic microspheres 5-10 part;
Defoamer 0.2-0.3 part;
Antimildew disinfectant 0.1-0.2 part;
Water 1-5 part.
2. super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid, it is characterized in that: the super fine building heat insulation slurry of described high-performance microvoid is the mud paste, comprises component A and B component;
Described component A is grouped into by the one-tenth of following weight part:
Vinylformic acid synthetic resins 10-30 part;
Fluorine silicon synthetic resins 5-20 part;
Water-keeping thickening agent solution 10-30 part;
Sepiolite fibre 5-15 part;
Vermiculite fiber 3-10 part;
Mullite fiber 5-15 part;
Powdered silica 3-10 part;
Pearlife 5-20 part;
Rock wool fibers 5-10 part;
Hollow ceramic microspheres 5-10 part;
Defoamer 0.2-0.3 part;
Antimildew disinfectant 0.1-0.2 part;
Water 1-5 part;
Described B component is made up of the component of following weight part:
The water of the white portland cement of component A weight 10-20%, component A weight 5-10% toughener and component A weight 20-30%.
3. claim 1 or the super fine building heat insulation slurry of the 2 described high-performance microvoids application in metope, wall face, building roof iron and steel material quality structural construction and Chemicals storage system and the high thermal isolation and heat storage vacuum insulation inner lining material in application.
4. the coating process of metope in a kind is characterized in that the application step comprises:
(1) cement sand wall plastering;
(2) handle interior metope basic unit, unstable block, the particulate state of removing basic unit attach thing and dust;
(3) at the super fine building heat insulation slurry of basic unit's construction high-performance microvoid, construction thickness is 1mm-20mm, and construction temperature is higher than 2 ℃;
When construction thickness<3mm, adopt spraying application one, and smear smooth;
When at construction thickness 〉=3mm, adopt twice to criticize and smear construction; The per pass construction needs at interval more than 10 hours, and after treating the slurry layer surface drying of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid of construction together and having the intensity of construction again, criticize again and smear down the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid one, make the slurry layer total thickness of formation reach construction thickness, and smear smooth;
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of the described high-performance microvoid of above steps is claim 1 or the super fine building heat insulation slurry of 2 described high-performance microvoids.
5. the coating process of interior metope according to claim 4 is characterized in that, carries out step (4) after step (3): at interior metope heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer surface batch Puttying layer, carry out wall table coating application again.
6. the coating process of interior metope according to claim 4 is characterized in that, carries out step (4) after step (3): paste wall tile, mosaic or marble.
7. the coating process of a wall face is characterized in that, the application step comprises:
(1) the outer body of wall of cement sand plaster that will be to be constructed is cleaned out, and will hinder construct uneven and pat whole everywhere;
(2) water ratio for the treatment of the construction outer wall face less than 10%, pH value less than 9, need not boundary mortar, the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid is stirred;
(3) at the super fine building heat insulation slurry of basic unit's construction high-performance microvoid, construction thickness is 1mm-20mm, and construction temperature is higher than 2 ℃; During construction, keep the thickness of heat-insulation and heat-preservation pulp layer even;
When construction thickness<3mm, adopt spraying application one, and smear smooth;
When at construction thickness 〉=3mm, adopt twice to criticize and smear construction; The per pass construction needs at interval more than 10 hours, and after treating the slurry layer surface drying of the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid of construction together and having the intensity of construction again, criticize again and smear down the super fine building heat insulation slurry of high-performance microvoid one, make the slurry layer total thickness of formation reach construction thickness, and smear smooth;
(4) step (3) construction back maintenance is 5 days, and then, the cracking resistance levelling protective layer that begins to construct is putty layer, putty layer adopts batch method of smearing to construct, and the putty layer gauge control is constructed together at 1~3mm, the compacting of levelling face is smooth to sand flat, and putty layer construction back maintenance is more than 7 days;
The super fine building heat insulation slurry of the described high-performance microvoid of above steps is claim 1 or the super fine building heat insulation slurry of 2 described high-performance microvoids.
8. the coating process of wall face according to claim 7 is characterized in that, carries out step (5) after step (4): carry out wall table coating application.
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CN101948296A (en) * 2010-09-28 2011-01-19 航天特种材料及工艺技术研究所 High-performance thermal insulation material and preparation method thereof

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