CN102531178B - Combination device for treating cultivation wastewater of solar ecological compound purification pond - Google Patents

Combination device for treating cultivation wastewater of solar ecological compound purification pond Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102531178B
CN102531178B CN2011102830342A CN201110283034A CN102531178B CN 102531178 B CN102531178 B CN 102531178B CN 2011102830342 A CN2011102830342 A CN 2011102830342A CN 201110283034 A CN201110283034 A CN 201110283034A CN 102531178 B CN102531178 B CN 102531178B
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water
floating bed
solar
plant
biological floating
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CN102531178A (en
Inventor
夏训峰
席北斗
王雷
张列宇
熊瑛
牛永超
王锦彪
李晓光
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Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences
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Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/208Off-grid powered water treatment
    • Y02A20/212Solar-powered wastewater sewage treatment, e.g. spray evaporation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

A combination device for treating cultivation wastewater of a solar ecological compound purification pond mainly comprises a solar flowing water device floating on the water surface through a floating carrier. A solar cell panel is arranged at the upper end of the solar flowing water device, and a propeller is arranged in a flow guide casing at the lower end of the solar flowing water device and rotates with solar energy serving as motive power to form water flow. The solar flowing water device is respectively connected with a purification pond body and an ecological floating bed through ropes, the ecological floating bed floats on the water surface by means of buoyancy force, holes for planting plants are arranged at the upper end of the ecological floating bed, and fillers are hung under the ecological floating bed. An aeration machine arranged on the ecological floating bed is connected to an aeration head arranged at the bottom of the ecological floating bed to serve as aeration compensation. The combination device degrades and converts organic pollutants in sewage by means of matter transfer and conversion of an ecological system and gradual transfer and conversion of energy. Purified sewage can be recycled serving as downstream cultivation water, thereby achieving sewage treatment and reutilization.

Description

A kind of solar-energy ecological compound purification pond is processed the associated plant of breeding wastewater
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar-energy ecological compound purification pond of sewage disposal, relate more specifically to a kind for the treatment of unit of breeding wastewater.
Background technology
Water is the Essential Environment condition that aquatic animal is rely and grows, and the quality of water quality directly affects their upgrowth situation and raiser's economic benefit.What yet the fast development of propagating artificially along with high-density and breeding environment polluted increasingly sharpens, make the pollution level of aquaculture system considerably beyond the detergent power of water body self, cause water body self-pollution and even water quality deterioration, show as: body eutrophication, in water, suspended matter increases, and dissolved oxygen descends.
Due to the water pollution that the objectionable impurities of the inner accumulation of water body causes, the lighter produces detrimentally affect to growth, French, the breeding of aquatic economic animal, can destroy the microenvironment system of water body when serious, finally causes the less and Quality Down of output of aquatic products.The continuous deterioration of aquaculture water quality has directly or indirectly caused the frequent generation of aquiculture disease, causes heavy losses for the aquatic products aquaculture, has affected the Sustainable development of culture fishery.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of solar-energy ecological compound purification pond to process the associated plant of breeding wastewater, so that breeding wastewater is processed effectively.
For achieving the above object, solar-energy ecological compound purification pond provided by the invention is processed the associated plant of breeding wastewater, and primary structure is:
The active wetting system of the sun relies on floating carrier to swim in the water surface;
The upper end of the active wetting system of the sun is provided with solar panel, is provided with water screw in the lower end water conservancy diversion shell of the active wetting system of the sun, and this propeller turns round take sun power as prime mover and forms current;
The active wetting system of the sun utilizes rope to be connected with being connected with purifying pond pool body respectively;
The biological floating bed buoyancy that utilizes swims in the water surface, and biological floating bed upper end is provided with the hole of serike; Be hung with filler below biological floating bed;
Be provided with aerator on biological floating bed, this aerator is connected to the aeration head that is arranged on biological floating bed bottom, compensates as aeration.
Described associated plant, wherein, biological floating bed is the floating bed of polystyrene material.
Described associated plant, wherein, the water conservancy diversion shell upper end diameter of the active wetting system of the sun is identical with the solar cell board diameter.
Described associated plant, wherein, biological floating bed upper end adopts the mode of water surface soilless culture waterplant to process eutrophication water.
Described associated plant, wherein, the biological floating bed filler that hangs below is nano-scale carbon cellulose fiber filler or combined stuffing, is the setting of up and down form.
Described associated plant, wherein, the biological floating bed filler setting area area that hangs below is not less than 20% of water surface area.
Described associated plant, wherein, the microbial film that the biological floating bed filling surface that hangs below forms, on its section by outer and inner aerobic, amphimicrobian and three kinds of reaction zones of anaerobism of having formed.
Described associated plant, wherein, the filler lower end is connected with weight, with the state that guarantees that filler is laid up and down.
Described associated plant, wherein, this aerator is connected to aeration head by a under meter.
The present invention uses sun power to carry out aeration as energy resource supply, has improved greatly the water body motility, has increased dissolved oxygen concentration, has improved the growing environment of hydrocoles.Utilized simultaneously biological floating bed and combination solar energy aeration, adopted biological process to process breeding wastewater, used plant to absorb processing to polluting processing, both improved water body environment, also reached the effect of viewing and admiring view.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the associated plant structural representation that solar-energy ecological compound purification pond of the present invention is processed breeding wastewater.
Primary clustering nomenclature in accompanying drawing:
The 1 active wetting system of the sun; 2 solar panels; 3 floating carriers; 4 water conservancy diversion shells; 5 water screws; 6 is biological floating bed; 7 waterplant; 8 fillers; 9 weights; 10 aeration heads; 11 under meters; 12 aerators; 13 ropes; 14 purifying ponds.
Embodiment
Associated plant provided by the invention has increased the motility of water body for the not flow-type ones aquaculture water in aeration, improved the removal ability of pollution substance.
Nanometer aeration bio-reactor provided by the invention, its primary structure comprises:
The active wetting system 1 of the sun relies on floating carrier 3 to swim in the water surface, utilizes rope 13 to be connected with the pool body of purifying pond 14, and is unbalance to prevent the moving wetting system of sun power.The upper end of the active wetting system 1 of the sun is provided with solar panel 2, and the lower end arranges water screw 5, and this propeller 5 is to be coated in water conservancy diversion shell 4, take sun power as prime mover, drives the artificial formation current of water screw running.Moving water oxygenation when current move from bottom to top, the algae consolidated block when moving is from top to bottom smashed, decomposes, and routinely allows water body produce the levels convection current, allows water body reach efficient circulation.The active wetting system 1 of the sun also connects biological floating bed 6 by rope 13;
Biological floating bed 6 utilize buoyancy to swim in the water surface, and the upper end arranges hole and is used for plantation waterplant 7.Hang a certain amount of filler 8 below biological floating bed 6;
Be provided with aerator 12 on biological floating bed 6, this aerator 12 is connected to the aeration head 10 of biological floating bed 6 bottoms by a under meter 11, in the situation that the sun power deficiency compensates as aeration.
The purifying pond area generally is not less than 300m 2
The diameter of solar panel is identical with the diameter of water conservancy diversion shell upper end, and the lower end of water conservancy diversion shell is contraction-like, and its diameter is less than the diameter of water conservancy diversion shell upper end.With an embodiment, the diameter of water conservancy diversion shell lower end is 150mm, and the height of the active wetting system of the whole sun is 365mm.
Biological floating bedly select that supporting capacity is strong, the high strength polystyrene floating bed of good corrosion resistance.
Hole plantation waterplant in biological floating bed upper end is adopted the mode of water surface soilless culture waterplant, utilizes these plants to draw the nutrient that animal produces, and processes eutrophication water.
Wherein, biological floating bed 6 fillers that hang below 8 can be known nano-scale carbon cellulose fiber filler or combined stuffing, and the lower end of filler is connected with weight 9, are the setting of up and down form to guarantee filler.Carbon fibre setting area area is not less than 20% of water surface area.
The microbial film that the surface of carbon fibre filler forms, on its section by outer and inner aerobic, amphimicrobian and three kinds of reaction zones of anaerobism of having formed.
Associated plant of the present invention is the low-consumption high-efficiency purification system that integrates view, ecology and purify.The active wetting system of the sun and biological floating bed Primary Construction artificial ecosystem are set, and transmission step by step, the conversion of substance transfer, conversion and energy by the ecosystem are degraded and transform entering in the pool organic pollutant of sewage.The sewage that purifies can be used as the downstream aquaculture water and again utilizes, and realizes the sewage disposal resource utilization.
The ecological compound purification pond that the present invention announces utilizes sun power without the electricity charge, utilizes the moving water of hydromeehanics effective, and it is easy to maintenance that the water surface is placed construction.For the not flow-type ones aquaculture water, increased the motility of water body in the time of aeration, SS clearance>30%, TN are removed rate>50%, and the TP clearance reaches 30%, dissolved oxygen>3mg/L.
When the active wetting system of the sun moves from bottom to top, moving water oxygenation, suppress the generation of organic accumulation, sulfide biogas, suppresses its photosynthesis thereby simultaneously too much algae is delivered to illumination few bottom, breaks its living environment, plays the purpose of inhibition; Algae consolidated block when moving is from top to bottom smashed, decomposes, and makes it to become the food of protozoon and small fish, big area, routinely allows water body produce the levels convection current, allows water body reach efficient circulation.
Biological floating bedly can form green belt waterborne, improve waterside view and cultivated plant, the plant of cultivation has the lakes and marshes of absorption pollution substance, reaches the purpose of purifying water body.The place that the carbon fibre water quality purification material that hangs and the root of chinampa biology, stem etc. become the hydrocoles growth, breed and perch.The top, chinampa also becomes the place that wild birds is lived, laid eggs.The chinampa suspension type is except purification of water quality and form the algae field, for whole Water-environment Ecological System, very large contribution is arranged also.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is elaborated.
See also Fig. 1.The active wetting system 1 of the sun converts solar energy into electrical energy under the effect of solar panel 2, drives water screw 5 breeding wastewaters in purifying pond 14 suction water conservancy diversion shells 4, moving water oxygenation when moving from bottom to top.Under the prerequisite of aeration, use waterplant 7 and filler 8 to process breeding wastewater.
It is biological floating bed 6 that filler 8 upper ends connect, and the lower end connects weight 9, guarantees the state that filler is laid up and down.
The aerator 12 of placing on biological floating bed 6 is opened when sunlight is not enough, carries out the aeration compensation.

Claims (9)

1. a solar-energy ecological compound purification pond is processed the associated plant of breeding wastewater, and primary structure is:
The active wetting system of the sun relies on floating carrier to swim in the water surface;
The upper end of the active wetting system of the sun is provided with solar panel, be provided with water screw in the lower end water conservancy diversion shell of the active wetting system of the sun, this propeller turns round take sun power as prime mover and forms current, moving water oxygenation when current move from bottom to top, suppress the generation of organic accumulation, sulfide biogas, suppress its photosynthesis thereby simultaneously too much algae is delivered to illumination few bottom, break its living environment, play the purpose of inhibition; Algae consolidated block when current move is from top to bottom smashed, decomposes, and makes it to become the food of protozoon and small fish, big area, routinely allows water body produce the levels convection current, allows water body reach circulation;
The active wetting system of the sun utilizes rope to be connected with being connected with purifying pond pool body respectively;
The biological floating bed buoyancy that utilizes swims in the water surface, and biological floating bed upper end is provided with the hole of serike; Be hung with filler below biological floating bed;
Be provided with aerator on biological floating bed, this aerator is connected to the aeration head that is arranged on biological floating bed bottom, compensates as aeration.
2. associated plant according to claim 1, wherein, biological floating bed is the floating bed of polystyrene material.
3. associated plant according to claim 1, wherein, the water conservancy diversion shell upper end diameter of the active wetting system of the sun is identical with the solar cell board diameter.
4. associated plant according to claim 1, wherein, biological floating bed upper end adopts the mode of water surface soilless culture waterplant to process eutrophication water.
5. associated plant according to claim 1, wherein, the biological floating bed filler that hangs below is nano-scale carbon cellulose fiber filler or combined stuffing, is the setting of up and down form.
6. associated plant according to claim 1 or 5, wherein, the biological floating bed filler setting area area that hangs below is not less than 20% of water surface area.
7. associated plant according to claim 1 or 5, wherein, the microbial film that the biological floating bed filling surface that hangs below forms, on its section by outer and inner aerobic, amphimicrobian and three kinds of reaction zones of anaerobism of having formed.
8. associated plant according to claim 7, wherein, the filler lower end is connected with weight, with the state that guarantees that filler is laid up and down.
9. associated plant according to claim 1, wherein, this aerator is connected to aeration head by a under meter.
CN2011102830342A 2011-09-22 2011-09-22 Combination device for treating cultivation wastewater of solar ecological compound purification pond Active CN102531178B (en)

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CN102863120B (en) * 2012-09-24 2014-06-11 浙江晶泉水处理设备有限公司 Purifying method and device of aquaculture water
CN103787503A (en) * 2012-10-26 2014-05-14 辽宁省环境科学研究院 Wind-solar hybrid aeration sewage treatment system and application thereof
CN103232115A (en) * 2013-04-24 2013-08-07 中国林业科学研究院林业新技术研究所 Multifunctional captive breeding type floating island based on carbon fiber
CN104418427B (en) * 2013-08-30 2016-08-10 俞晨辉 A kind of water environment ecological management and repair system and application thereof
CN103553214A (en) * 2013-11-07 2014-02-05 李碧 Solar mobile carrier biological floating island
CN103739079A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-23 天津大学 Method for ecological restoration and water quality conservation of river water
CN104761046B (en) * 2014-01-06 2017-11-14 天津海之凰科技有限公司 A kind of floating type reinforcing coupled biological membrane reactor water bodies of rivers and lakes purification method
CN103771664B (en) * 2014-02-14 2015-10-28 杭州天宇环保工程实业有限公司 A kind of river corridor restoration system
CN104261566A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-01-07 西南交通大学 Micro-aeration enhanced ecological floating bed sewage treatment device
CN105875279A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-08-24 大工(青岛)新能源材料技术研究院有限公司 Floating type trinitarian photovoltaic greenhouse
CN105858905B (en) * 2016-06-21 2018-10-30 河海大学 It is a kind of suitable for hydrostatic lake from lift quality purifying device for water
CN107324486A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-07 安徽省天虹绿洲环保科技有限公司 A kind of method for arranging and application method for lake pollution clarifier
CN108928927A (en) * 2018-07-30 2018-12-04 中冶华天工程技术有限公司 The mobile black smelly Water Ecological Recovery device and method in river

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CN102126783A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-07-20 济南市供排水监测中心 Method and device for repairing micro-polluted opening water bodies

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CN201245510Y (en) * 2008-07-24 2009-05-27 李�杰 Natural energy water control ecological bed
CN102126783A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-07-20 济南市供排水监测中心 Method and device for repairing micro-polluted opening water bodies

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