CN102528028A - Automatic production method for compression moulding of powdered material and device adopted by same - Google Patents

Automatic production method for compression moulding of powdered material and device adopted by same Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102528028A
CN102528028A CN2012100530333A CN201210053033A CN102528028A CN 102528028 A CN102528028 A CN 102528028A CN 2012100530333 A CN2012100530333 A CN 2012100530333A CN 201210053033 A CN201210053033 A CN 201210053033A CN 102528028 A CN102528028 A CN 102528028A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
powder
control
powder container
measurer
automatic
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012100530333A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102528028B (en
Inventor
刘�文
张海英
马挺
马文筝
李继强
俞凯逸
颜新华
莫伟伟
Original Assignee
浙江大学宁波理工学院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 浙江大学宁波理工学院 filed Critical 浙江大学宁波理工学院
Priority to CN 201210053033 priority Critical patent/CN102528028B/en
Publication of CN102528028A publication Critical patent/CN102528028A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102528028B publication Critical patent/CN102528028B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic production method for compression moulding of a powdered material, wherein the material is automatically blended and proportioned and is automatically weighed by a wireless pressure sensor, the discharge is controlled by a powder flow control switch which is controlled by a control system, so that the charge amount is more accurate; in addition, the charge is performed automatically by a charge manipulator, and an ultrasonic generator is used in the compression process to assist in compacting the powder, therefore, the degree of automation is high, the production efficiency is high, the labor intensity is low, the production quality is stable and the cost is lowered.

Description

The automatic manufacturing method and the device thereof of dusty material compression moulding process
Technical field
The present invention relates to the powder compacting field, particularly a kind of automatic manufacturing method and device thereof of dusty material compression moulding process.
Background technology
At present, the forming process of dusty material such as ferrite permanent-magnet materials generally comprises powder process → batch mixing → compacting → deflashing → packing → sintering.Before the sintering, the dusty material after will pulverizing earlier mix according to a certain percentage and metaideophone to the lower mould die cavity that is installed in forcing press in, press ram drive upper mould carries out pressure forming to powder, from the lower mould die cavity, takes out base after the die sinking.Above operation is mainly accomplished by manually-operated at present, exists following weak point:
(1) hand stock, feeding quantity are difficult to accurate control, and the packing of compacted products is different variant because of the material amount; Its defective material amount too much also can influence the preformed shape of part, and overlap is bigger, and percent defective is higher.
(2) adopt manually-operated, the operation before the sintering needs 3 ~ 4 people's compounding practices, and labor strength is big, inefficiency, and cost of labor is higher, and the base quality is unstable.
(3) many dust from flying in the operation room, work under bad environment, dust is prone to get into the human respiratory tract and skin is harmful to health.
(4) some material such as ferrite permanent-magnet are easy oxidized, and technology can't realize full atmosphere protection at present.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: provide a kind of automaticity high, control is accurate, the automatic manufacturing method and the device thereof of the dusty material compression moulding process of constant product quality.
The present invention addresses the above problem the technical scheme that is adopted: a kind of automatic manufacturing method of dusty material compression moulding process may further comprise the steps:
A kind of automatic manufacturing method of dusty material compression moulding process may further comprise the steps:
1) two or more powder stock is put into measurer in proportion, and stir raw material blending through blade;
2) behind the powder mixing; The gauge tap that discharging opening place, measurer lower end is used to control powder mass flow is opened; Make mixed-powder get into first powder container, when feeding quantity reached setting value, wireless pressure sensor sent to control system signal receiver with signal; The control system sends signal and will control the gauge tap of powder mass flow and close, and stops to feed in raw material;
3) index(ing) table rotation forwards first powder container to the feeding manipulator position, and feeding manipulator is poured the powder in first powder container in the lower mould die cavity of forcing press; Simultaneously, through the index(ing) table rotation, second powder container is placed exit, measurer lower end, the gauge tap of powder mass flow is opened, and gives second powder container batching;
4) after powder was added to the lower mould die cavity, the control system started supersonic generator, and powder stock is consolidation under hyperacoustic vibration effect; Quit work after the supersonic generator vibration settings time, simultaneously, the forcing press top shoe drives the descending and pressurize certain hour of patrix of mould, with powder compaction for becoming base;
5) behind the pressurize certain hour, the forcing press top shoe drives the up die sinking of patrix of mould, and liftout tank ejects base, through the blanking manipulator base is taken out.
As preferably, the automatic manufacturing method of a kind of dusty material compression moulding of the present invention process, it also comprises: above-mentioned step 1) is all carried out under vacuum or atmosphere protection environment to the production process of step 5).
As improvement, the automatic manufacturing method of a kind of dusty material compression moulding of the present invention process, it also comprises: the operation of after carrying out step 5), also product having been carried out removing overlap.
As improvement, the automatic manufacturing method of a kind of dusty material compression moulding of the present invention process, it also comprises: completing steps 5), product is put in the vacuum packing machine the packing of product, encapsulates after vacuumizing.
Another problem that the present invention will solve is to provide a kind of automaticity high, the device that automatic manufacturing method adopted of easy to operate a kind of forming material powder process.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above; Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of device that automatic manufacturing method adopted of dusty material compression moulding process comprises by control system control and automatic recipe maker, the feeding manipulator that sets gradually, the forcing press that is used for pressing powdered material, blanking manipulator; Described automatic recipe maker comprises that inner chamber is provided with the measurer and the rotary table of the blade that is used to stir raw material; The discharging opening place of measurer is provided with the gauge tap that is electrically connected and is used to control powder mass flow with the control system; The central shaft of described rotary table is rotated by motor-driven, and described workbench is along circumferentially being arranged with first powder container and second powder container; During blanking; Described first powder container or second powder container place described measurer discharging opening under; Described first powder container and the second powder container place are equipped with the wireless pressure sensor that is used to weigh, and wireless pressure sensor is electrically connected with described control system; Be provided with at least one supersonic generator around the lower mould of installing on the forcing press of said forcing press, described supersonic generator is electrically connected with described control system.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) adopt device and method automaticity of the present invention high, production efficiency is high, and labour intensity is low, and constant product quality has reduced cost; The dust harzard health is avoided in unmanned operation simultaneously, has improved production environment and condition of work.
(2) production process is carried out in the closed environment of vacuum or atmosphere protection, avoids the raw material oxidation to reduce percent defective; Prevent dust from flying, improve operating environment, also help simultaneously the powder of deposition is regularly collected utilization again, improve stock utilization, reduce production costs.
(3) weigh automatically through wireless pressure sensor, and through control system control powder mass flow gauge tap discharging is controlled, feeding quantity is accurate, guarantees constant product quality.
(4) utilize supersonic generator to assist the consolidation powder, product is closely knit evenly, and base shape and steady quality can also reduce forming pressure simultaneously, reduce the press tonnage requirement, and be energy-saving and cost-reducing.
Description of drawings
The sketch map of the structure of the automatic manufacturing device of Fig. 1 dusty material compression moulding of the present invention process.
Among Fig. 1: gauge tap, 3 index(ing) tables, 3.1 central shafts, 4 first powder containers, 5 second powder containers, 6 wireless pressure sensors, 7 forcing presses, 8 lower moulds, 9 supersonic generators, telescopic arm, 11 elastic arms, 12 first cylinders, 13 the 3rd cylinders, 14 grippers, 15 second motors, 16 mount pads, 17 vacuum packing machines about in the of 10 of 1 measurer, 1.1 blades, 1.2 discharging openings, 2 control powder mass flows.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiments of the invention are further described.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of automatic manufacturing method of dusty material compression moulding process may further comprise the steps:
1) two or more powder stock is put into measurer in proportion, and stir raw material blending through blade;
2) behind the powder mixing; The gauge tap that discharging opening place, measurer lower end is used to control powder mass flow is opened; Make mixed-powder get into first powder container, when feeding quantity reached setting value, wireless pressure sensor sent to control system signal receiver with signal; The control system sends signal and will control the gauge tap of powder mass flow and close, and stops to feed in raw material;
3) index(ing) table rotation forwards first powder container to the feeding manipulator position, and feeding manipulator is poured the powder in first powder container in the lower mould die cavity of forcing press; Simultaneously, through the index(ing) table rotation, second powder container is placed exit, measurer lower end, the gauge tap of powder mass flow is opened, and gives second powder container batching;
4) after powder was added to the lower mould die cavity, the control system started supersonic generator, and powder stock is consolidation under hyperacoustic vibration effect; Quit work after the supersonic generator vibration settings time, simultaneously, the forcing press top shoe drives the descending and pressurize certain hour of patrix of mould, with powder compaction for becoming base;
5) behind the pressurize certain hour, the forcing press top shoe drives the up die sinking of patrix of mould, and liftout tank ejects base, through the blanking manipulator base is taken out.
Above-mentioned step 1) is all carried out under vacuum or atmosphere protection environment to the production process of step 5).
After carrying out step 5), also product has been carried out removing the operation of overlap.
Completing steps 5) after, product is placed in the vacuum packing machine the packing of product, encapsulates after vacuumizing.
A kind of device that automatic manufacturing method adopted of dusty material compression moulding process comprises by control system control and automatic recipe maker, the feeding manipulator that sets gradually in order, the forcing press 7 that is used for pressing powdered material, blanking manipulator; Described automatic recipe maker comprises that inner chamber is provided with the measurer 1 and index(ing) table 3 of the blade 1.1 that is used to stir raw material; Discharging opening 1.2 places of measurer 1 are provided with the gauge tap 2 that is electrically connected and is used to control powder mass flow with the control system; The central shaft of described index(ing) table 3 is rotated by motor-driven, and described index(ing) table is along circumferentially being arranged with first powder container 4 and second powder container 5; During blanking; Described first powder container 4 or second powder container 5 place described measurer 1 discharging opening 1.2 under; Described first powder container 4 and second powder container, 5 places are equipped with the wireless pressure sensor 6 that is used to weigh, and wireless pressure sensor 6 is electrically connected with described control system; Install on the said forcing press 7 lower mould 8 around be provided with at least one supersonic generator 9, described supersonic generator 9 is electrically connected with described control system.
Employed feeding manipulator and blanking manipulator are prior art manipulator commonly used in this specific embodiment; Concrete structure comprises up and down telescopic arm 10, elastic arm 11, gripper 14, be used for driving device grabs first cylinder 12 that moves up and down, is used to drive second cylinder that telescopic arm 10 up and down moves up and down and is used to drive the 3rd cylinder 13 that elastic arm 11 moves forward and backward; Up and down telescopic arm 10 and elastic arm 11 mutual vertical settings and up and down the end of telescopic arm 10 be rotationally connected with on the frame; And by first motor-driven rotation of being located on the frame of telescopic arm 10 arms up and down; The gripper 14 and first cylinder 12 all are arranged on the mount pad 16; Mount pad 16 is rotationally connected with the end of elastic arm 11, and by the rotation of second motor, 15 drive installation seats 16.And first cylinder 12, second cylinder, the 3rd cylinder 13 all are connected with the control system through tracheae, and first motor and second motor 15 all are electrically connected with the control system.
When needs carried out vacuum packaging to product, a side that only needs vacuum packing machine 17 to be arranged at the blanking manipulator gets final product, and was very convenient.
Below only be described, but can not be interpreted as it is restriction claim with regard to most preferred embodiment of the present invention.The present invention not only is confined to above embodiment, and its concrete structure allows variation.All various variations of in the protection domain of independent claims of the present invention, being done are all in protection domain of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. the automatic manufacturing method of a dusty material compression moulding process is characterized in that: may further comprise the steps:
1) two or more powder stock is put into measurer in proportion, and stir raw material blending through blade;
2) behind the powder mixing; The gauge tap that discharging opening place, measurer lower end is used to control powder mass flow is opened; Make mixed-powder get into first powder container, when feeding quantity reached setting value, wireless pressure sensor sent to control system signal receiver with signal; The control system sends signal and will control the gauge tap of powder mass flow and close, and stops to feed in raw material;
3) index(ing) table rotation forwards first powder container to the feeding manipulator position, and feeding manipulator is poured the powder in first powder container in the lower mould die cavity of forcing press; Simultaneously, through the index(ing) table rotation, second powder container is placed exit, measurer lower end, the gauge tap of powder mass flow is opened, and gives second powder container batching;
4) after powder was added to the lower mould die cavity, the control system started supersonic generator, and powder stock is consolidation under hyperacoustic vibration effect; Quit work after the supersonic generator vibration settings time, simultaneously, the forcing press top shoe drives the descending and pressurize certain hour of patrix of mould, with powder compaction for becoming base;
5) behind the pressurize certain hour, the forcing press top shoe drives the up die sinking of patrix of mould, and liftout tank ejects base, through the blanking manipulator base is taken out.
2. the automatic manufacturing method of dusty material compression moulding process according to claim 1 is characterized in that: above-mentioned step 1) is all carried out under vacuum or atmosphere protection environment to the production process of step 5).
3. the automatic manufacturing method of dusty material compression moulding process according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the operation of after carrying out step 5), also product having been carried out removing overlap.
4. the automatic manufacturing method of dusty material compression moulding process according to claim 1 is characterized in that: completing steps 5), product is placed in the vacuum packing machine the packing of product, encapsulates after vacuumizing.
5. implement the device that claim 1 adopts for one kind, it is characterized in that: comprise by control system control and automatic recipe maker, the feeding manipulator that sets gradually in order, forcing press (7), the blanking manipulator that is used for pressing powdered material; Described automatic recipe maker comprises that inner chamber is provided with the measurer (1) and the index(ing) table (3) of the blade (1.1) that is used to stir raw material; The discharging opening (1.2) of measurer (1) locates to be provided with the gauge tap (2) that is electrically connected and is used to control powder mass flow with the control system; The central shaft of described index(ing) table (3) is rotated by motor-driven, and described index(ing) table (3) is along circumferentially being arranged with first powder container (4) and second powder container (5); During blanking; Described first powder container (4) or second powder container (5) place described measurer (1) discharging opening (1.2) under; Described first powder container (4) and second powder container (5) locate to be equipped with the wireless pressure sensor (6) that is used to weigh, and wireless pressure sensor (6) is electrically connected with described control system; Said forcing press (7) go up to install lower mould (8) around be provided with at least one supersonic generator (9), described supersonic generator (9) is electrically connected with described control system.
CN 201210053033 2012-03-02 2012-03-02 Automatic production method for compression moulding of powdered material and device adopted by same CN102528028B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210053033 CN102528028B (en) 2012-03-02 2012-03-02 Automatic production method for compression moulding of powdered material and device adopted by same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201210053033 CN102528028B (en) 2012-03-02 2012-03-02 Automatic production method for compression moulding of powdered material and device adopted by same

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102528028A true CN102528028A (en) 2012-07-04
CN102528028B CN102528028B (en) 2013-07-24

Family

ID=46336744

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201210053033 CN102528028B (en) 2012-03-02 2012-03-02 Automatic production method for compression moulding of powdered material and device adopted by same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102528028B (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103433389A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-11 聊城市金帝保持器厂 Groove pressing process production line of bearing retainer
CN103639409A (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-03-19 山西中泰源工业自动化设备有限公司 Working position feeding mechanism used in magnetic material die-cast formation robot system
CN103639410A (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-03-19 山西中泰源工业自动化设备有限公司 Mould arrangement worktable for robot system formed by die-casting magnetic materials
CN104085125A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-10-08 吴江龙升纺织有限公司 Cotton packaging machine
CN104097285A (en) * 2013-04-15 2014-10-15 韦静 Processing apparatus for Glyd ring and step seal
CN104290046A (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-01-21 宁波大华砂轮有限公司 Automation grinding wheel mold unloading machine
CN104525953A (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-04-22 南方科技大学 Ultrasonic assisted powder injection molding device and method
CN104647793A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-05-27 中国科学院声学研究所东海研究站 Production method for compression molding of PBX (Polymer Bonded Explosive)
CN105729878A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-07-06 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Control system and method of powder product hydraulic machine
CN106514269A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-03-22 杭州正驰达精密机械有限公司 Automatic hydraulic reshaping machine tool for mechanical watch pendulum bob
CN107053741A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-18 象州县科学技术情报研究所 Barium sulfate preparation process waste residue compound stalk forming device
CN107571537A (en) * 2017-09-04 2018-01-12 上海大学 A kind of sample adding device and a kind of preparation system of continuous component block materials
CN108436560A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-08-24 侯钟砚 A kind of numerically-controlled machine tool loading and unloading robot system

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101486096A (en) * 2009-02-25 2009-07-22 赣州虔东稀土集团股份有限公司 Oil press for automatically moulding rare-earth magnetic powder
US20090208360A1 (en) * 2008-02-20 2009-08-20 The Boeing Company Binderless metal injection molding apparatus and method
CN201784188U (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-04-06 张树好 Powder forming machine
CN201791971U (en) * 2010-09-03 2011-04-13 宁波百琪达自动化设备有限公司 Automatic mould pressing forming device
CN102059821A (en) * 2009-11-13 2011-05-18 宁波科宁达工业有限公司 Automatic material weighing and loading system for press

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090208360A1 (en) * 2008-02-20 2009-08-20 The Boeing Company Binderless metal injection molding apparatus and method
CN101486096A (en) * 2009-02-25 2009-07-22 赣州虔东稀土集团股份有限公司 Oil press for automatically moulding rare-earth magnetic powder
CN102059821A (en) * 2009-11-13 2011-05-18 宁波科宁达工业有限公司 Automatic material weighing and loading system for press
CN201784188U (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-04-06 张树好 Powder forming machine
CN201791971U (en) * 2010-09-03 2011-04-13 宁波百琪达自动化设备有限公司 Automatic mould pressing forming device

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104097285B (en) * 2013-04-15 2017-10-31 韦静 Glais ring and this spy's envelope processing unit (plant)
CN104097285A (en) * 2013-04-15 2014-10-15 韦静 Processing apparatus for Glyd ring and step seal
CN104290046A (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-01-21 宁波大华砂轮有限公司 Automation grinding wheel mold unloading machine
CN103433389A (en) * 2013-09-10 2013-12-11 聊城市金帝保持器厂 Groove pressing process production line of bearing retainer
CN103639409A (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-03-19 山西中泰源工业自动化设备有限公司 Working position feeding mechanism used in magnetic material die-cast formation robot system
CN103639410A (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-03-19 山西中泰源工业自动化设备有限公司 Mould arrangement worktable for robot system formed by die-casting magnetic materials
CN104085125A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-10-08 吴江龙升纺织有限公司 Cotton packaging machine
CN104525953A (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-04-22 南方科技大学 Ultrasonic assisted powder injection molding device and method
CN104647793A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-05-27 中国科学院声学研究所东海研究站 Production method for compression molding of PBX (Polymer Bonded Explosive)
CN105729878A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-07-06 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Control system and method of powder product hydraulic machine
CN106514269A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-03-22 杭州正驰达精密机械有限公司 Automatic hydraulic reshaping machine tool for mechanical watch pendulum bob
CN106514269B (en) * 2016-12-07 2018-08-31 杭州正驰达精密机械有限公司 A kind of automatic hydraulic shaping lathe of mechanical watch pendulum
CN107053741A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-18 象州县科学技术情报研究所 Barium sulfate preparation process waste residue compound stalk forming device
CN107053741B (en) * 2017-05-11 2019-11-29 诸暨易联众创企业管理服务有限公司 Barium sulfate preparation process waste residue compound stalk forming device
CN107571537A (en) * 2017-09-04 2018-01-12 上海大学 A kind of sample adding device and a kind of preparation system of continuous component block materials
CN108436560A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-08-24 侯钟砚 A kind of numerically-controlled machine tool loading and unloading robot system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102528028B (en) 2013-07-24

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106424730B (en) A kind of powder centrifugation supply of 3D printing, vibration ramming device and method
CN201042852Y (en) Automatic pressing device for quantitatively feeding
CN201711733U (en) Automobile fuse full-automatic assembly machine
CN101708624B (en) Fixed high-efficiency vibration and pressurization forming machine
CN201244851Y (en) Baking-free numerical control hydraulic brick making machine
CN104841935B (en) A kind of mixed slurry 3D printing device and its printing-forming method
CN205238407U (en) Brake block automatic molding equipment
CN104624829A (en) Automatic feeding and discharging mechanical arm of punch press
CN206965186U (en) A kind of efficiently rose extractor
CN109926159B (en) Powder coating processing equipment and operation method thereof
CN205761520U (en) A kind of stem tea reducing mechanism
CN101391301A (en) Powder-feeding device and method in magnet forming process
CN106738190A (en) Cement products 3D printer
CN103231108A (en) Battery electrode plate grid cutting machine
CN201998342U (en) Device for mixing raw material
CN204749336U (en) Rotary tablet machine
CN201791971U (en) Automatic mould pressing forming device
CN105728122B (en) A kind of feedstuff crushes proportioning machine
CN110757623B (en) Ceramic powder ration is pressed former futilely
CN108436246A (en) Handle of a knife, agitating friction weldering welder and welding method
CN108579876A (en) A kind of adjustable granular size cycle lithotripsy apparatus
CN109676750A (en) Full-automatic ashlar brick machine and brick-making method
CN105013968B (en) A kind of automatic material taking pressing equipment
CN203331206U (en) Concrete distributing machine provided with discharging device
CN201914721U (en) Brick stacking device matching with brick making machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130724

Termination date: 20140302