CN102526785A - Preparation method of plant extracting solution deodorant - Google Patents

Preparation method of plant extracting solution deodorant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102526785A
CN102526785A CN2010106175980A CN201010617598A CN102526785A CN 102526785 A CN102526785 A CN 102526785A CN 2010106175980 A CN2010106175980 A CN 2010106175980A CN 201010617598 A CN201010617598 A CN 201010617598A CN 102526785 A CN102526785 A CN 102526785A
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China
Prior art keywords
volatile oil
raw
water
deodorant
extracting solution
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CN2010106175980A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102526785B (en
Inventor
路国忠
朱延臣
许霞
闫晶
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北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司
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Priority to CN201010617598.0A priority Critical patent/CN102526785B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of a plant extracting solution deodorant. The deodorant uses Chinese herbal medicine as raw materials, a volatile oil extractor is adopted for extraction to obtain water extracting solution and volatile oil, the water extracting solution is subjected to separation and refining processes to obtain water extracts, then, the water extracts, the volatile oil, de-ionized water and essence are mixed for emulsification, and finally, the plant extracting solution deodorant disclosed by the invention is prepared through filtering. The plant extracting solution deodorant disclosed by the invention has the characteristics that the use is safe and convenient, the environmental-friendly effect, no toxicity and no harm are realized, through field experiment detection in a garbage transfer station, the ammonia gas removal rate can reach about 63 percent, the odor concentration inside and outside the garbage transfer station after deodorization can be much lower than the national standard, the peripheral air quality and the work condition in the garbage transfer station are greatly improved, in addition, the use cost of the deodorant is very low, and the deodorant is suitable for being used for deodorization in the garbage transfer station of urban communities.

Description

A kind of method for preparing of plant extraction liquid deodorizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method for preparing that is used for domestic waste terminal deodorizer, specifically, relate to a kind of method for preparing of plant extraction liquid deodorizer.
Background technology
Along with rapid economic development and quickening of urbanization process, domestic waste output constantly increases, and China's domestic waste amount of clearing was 1.54 hundred million tons in 2008.The main processing mode of China's big and medium-sized cities house refuse is that the rubbish of collecting is transported to garbage transfer station at present, is transported to place processing such as refuse landfill after compression.In refuse collection, topple over, in compression and the transport process owing to rot naturally, bacterial reproduction produces unpleasant stink; Cause very big pollution to confined space stink places such as garbage transfer station and surrounding enviroment thereof; Had a strong impact on sanitationman, resident's physical and mental health, the house refuse stench become great society public hazards.
The foul gas kind that house refuse produces is numerous, can fall into 5 types by its composition: 1. sulfur-containing compound, like hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, mercaptan, thioether etc.; 2. nitrogen-containing compound is like ammonia, amine, amide etc.; 3. halogen and derivant are like chlorine, halogenated hydrocarbons; 4. hydro carbons and aromatic hydrocarbon; 5. oxygen-bearing organic matter is like alcohol, phenol, aldehyde, organic acid etc.These materials all can produce very big harm to people's nervous system, respiratory system, digestive system, hormonal system etc.; People receive malodorous continuous action for a long time can make the people lose olfactory sensation, the imbalance of cerebral cortex regulatory function; Make people's agitation, melancholy, insomnia, absent minded, hypomnesis, people's health has been caused very big influence.
At present, deodorization technology is mainly biological deodorizing and space deodorization both at home and abroad.Biological deodorizing is to utilize this principle of microbial decomposition odorous substance and new developing technology, and it is simple to have equipment, and expense is low; Need not regenerate and other post processing; Less energy consumption, advantages such as management maintenance convenience, the biological deodorizing technology becomes important directions of deodorant gradually.But the problem that biological deodorizing exists has: in (1) operating process, cell concentration and biomembrane thickness are difficult to confirm; (2) response speed and saturation factor all record under the suspension condition, and in the biomembrane environment with suspension in, response speed and saturation factor difference are bigger; (3) mass transfer in liquid phase of its hypothesis is not a rate-limiting step, and for the bigger gas of dissolubility also relatively rationally, but then error ratio is bigger to some insoluble gases such as hydro carbons; (4) the selecting of efficient deodorizing bacterium, domestication and constructing technology are still immature; (5) high concentration is not enough with the processing research that mixes foul smell, and applied environment is very limited.The space deodorization mainly is to accomplish that to having ready conditions the stink place of sealing seals, and prevents the foul gas diffusion, adopts induced draft blower withdraws, creates little subnormal ambient, the centralized collection foul smell, and dusty gas obtains removing through methods such as absorption, absorption, burnings.But this technology has bigger limitation, and generally being applicable to does not have artificial active airtight stink place, and the regulating reservoir of handling like percolate etc. then are difficult to be applied for the sub-district garbage transfer stations that human activity is arranged numerous in the city.
In recent years, in the house refuse confined space, laying spray nozzle, remove odorous gas through spraying plant extraction liquid deodorizer, is a kind of simple and effective deodorization technology, the resultant application in some stink fields such as domestic waste terminals.Plant extraction liquid deodorizer is a kind of environmental friendliness, natural stink remover; It is an effective component extracting and getting from natural plants; Harmless, nontoxic, non-stimulated; Not producing secondary pollution, is dark a kind of deodorization technology popular to people, and very strong competitiveness and extensive market prospects are arranged.But plant extraction liquid deodorizer main " removing flavor " mechanism still is the masking action of spice mostly in the market; And the deodorization of effective ingredients in plant is not fairly obvious; It removes efficient and not really high to the stink molecule; Removal efficient as to ammonia is generally less than 50%, and use cost is also bigger in addition.
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of to stink substance removal efficient height, the method for preparing of the plant extraction liquid deodorizer that cost is cheap relatively.
Summary of the invention
The method for preparing that realizes a kind of plant extraction liquid deodorizer of the present invention is: at first selecting the Radix Aucklandiae, Flos Caryophylli, Cortex Cinnamomi, Folium Ginkgo, Flos Chrysanthemi Indici for use is raw material, and its raw material is pressed column weight amount (%) preparation:
The Radix Aucklandiae 15~25;
Flos Caryophylli 5~15;
Cortex Cinnamomi 20~30;
Folium Ginkgo 20~30;
Flos Chrysanthemi Indici 15~25.
After raw material was selected, preparation technology followed these steps to carry out:
1, every kind of raw material is smashed to Powdered with pulverizer, mixed by above-mentioned prescription and quality proportioning thereof then, add deionized water, solid-liquid ratio is 1: 10~1: 15;
2, adopt volatile oil extractor that this material liquid mixture is extracted, obtain aqueous extract and volatile oil;
3, aqueous extract is carried out coarse filtration and sucking filtration respectively, to remove medicinal residues;
4, the aqueous extract that will remove behind the medicinal residues carries out concentrating under reduced pressure, and obtaining concentration is 1: 1~1: the first cream of 2ml/g;
5, after the first cream cooling, under quick stirring condition, slowly adding dehydrated alcohol is 45~90% to containing the alcohol amount, and 24~48h is left standstill in airtight then cold preservation;
6, leave standstill the back and filter, the stillness of night that obtains is carried out concentrating under reduced pressure reclaim ethanol and obtain water extract;
7, with water extract that makes and volatile oil, other adds deionized water and essence, presses column weight amount (%) preparation: water extract 50~80; Volatile oil 0.5~1.5; Deionized water 20~30; Essence 0.1~0.3, the preparation back adopts the high speed shear mulser to carry out emulsifying, filters at last and makes plant extraction liquid deodorizer of the present invention.
Plant extraction liquid deodorizer of the present invention is raw material with the Chinese herbal medicine; Adopt volatile oil extractor to extract and obtain aqueous extract and volatile oil; Aqueous extract obtains water extract through separation, subtractive process; Then water extract, volatile oil, deionized water, essence are mixed and carry out emulsifying, make plant extraction liquid deodorizer of the present invention through filtering.
Plant extraction liquid deodorizer of the present invention is compared with the plant extraction liquid deodorizer on the market has advantage:
1, odor removal efficient is high, and the stink in the rapid decomposable environment removes ammonia efficient and is much higher than the similar matured product in the market.
2, safe in utilization, convenient, environmentally friendly, nontoxic, harmless, to the skin nonirritant.
3, the product deodorization persistent period of a specified duration, have the function of depositing dust and repellent mosquitos and flies, reduce the pathophoresis risk.
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment that realizes plant extraction liquid deodorizer of the present invention is: at first selecting the Radix Aucklandiae, Flos Caryophylli, Cortex Cinnamomi, Folium Ginkgo, Flos Chrysanthemi Indici for use is raw material, and its raw material is pressed column weight amount (%) preparation:
The Radix Aucklandiae 20;
Flos Caryophylli 10;
Cortex Cinnamomi 25;
Folium Ginkgo 25;
Flos Chrysanthemi Indici 20.
After raw material was selected, preparation technology followed these steps to carry out:
1, every kind of raw material is smashed to Powdered with pulverizer, mixed by above-mentioned prescription and quality proportioning thereof then, add solid-liquid ratio simultaneously and be 1: 10 deionized water;
2, adopt volatile oil extractor that this material liquid mixture is extracted, obtain aqueous extract and volatile oil;
3, aqueous extract is carried out coarse filtration and sucking filtration respectively, to remove medicinal residues;
4, the aqueous extract that will remove behind the medicinal residues carries out concentrating under reduced pressure, and obtaining concentration is the first cream of 1g/ml;
5, after the cooling of first cream, low whipping speed is that slowly to add dehydrated alcohol under the condition of 500r/min be 75% to containing the alcohol amount, and 24h is left standstill in airtight then cold preservation;
6, leave standstill the back and filter, the stillness of night that obtains is carried out concentrating under reduced pressure reclaim ethanol and obtain water extract;
7, with water extract that makes and volatile oil, other adds deionized water and essence, presses column weight amount (%) preparation: water extract 75; Volatile oil 1.0; Deionized water 23.8; Essence 0.2, the preparation back adopts the high speed shear mulser to carry out emulsifying, filters at last and makes plant extraction liquid deodorizer of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. the method for preparing of a plant extraction liquid deodorizer, it is characterized in that: at first selecting the Radix Aucklandiae, Flos Caryophylli, Cortex Cinnamomi, Folium Ginkgo, Flos Chrysanthemi Indici for use is raw material, its raw material is pressed column weight amount (%) preparation:
The Radix Aucklandiae 15~25;
Flos Caryophylli 5~15;
Cortex Cinnamomi 20~30;
Folium Ginkgo 20~30;
Flos Chrysanthemi Indici 15~25,
After raw material was selected, preparation technology followed these steps to carry out:
1), every kind of raw material is smashed to Powdered with pulverizer, mix by above-mentioned prescription and quality proportioning thereof then, add deionized water, solid-liquid ratio is 1: 10~1: 15;
2), adopt volatile oil extractor that this material liquid mixture is extracted, obtain aqueous extract and volatile oil;
3), aqueous extract is carried out coarse filtration and sucking filtration respectively, to remove medicinal residues;
4), the aqueous extract that will remove behind the medicinal residues carries out concentrating under reduced pressure, obtaining concentration is 1: 1~1: the first cream of 2ml/g;
5), after the first cream cooling, under stirring condition fast, slowly adding dehydrated alcohol is 45~90% to containing the alcohol amount, 24~48h is left standstill in airtight then cold preservation;
6), leave standstill the back and filter, the stillness of night that obtains is carried out concentrating under reduced pressure reclaims ethanol and obtain water extract;
7), with water extract that makes and volatile oil, other adds deionized water and essence, presses column weight amount (%) preparation: water extract 50~80; Volatile oil 0.5~1.5; Deionized water 20~30; Essence 0.1~0.3, the preparation back adopts the high speed shear mulser to carry out emulsifying, filters at last and makes plant extraction liquid deodorizer of the present invention.
2. the method for preparing of a kind of plant extraction liquid deodorizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that: selecting the Radix Aucklandiae, Flos Caryophylli, Cortex Cinnamomi, Folium Ginkgo, Flos Chrysanthemi Indici for use is raw material, and its raw material is pressed column weight amount (%) preparation: the Radix Aucklandiae 20; Flos Caryophylli 10; Cortex Cinnamomi 25; Folium Ginkgo 25; Flos Chrysanthemi Indici 20.
3. the method for preparing of a kind of plant extraction liquid deodorizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that: after raw material was selected, preparation technology followed these steps to carry out:
1), every kind of raw material is smashed to Powdered with pulverizer, mixes by above-mentioned prescription and quality proportioning thereof then, add solid-liquid ratio simultaneously and be 1: 10 deionized water;
2), adopt volatile oil extractor that this material liquid mixture is extracted, obtain aqueous extract and volatile oil;
3), aqueous extract is carried out coarse filtration and sucking filtration respectively, to remove medicinal residues;
4), the aqueous extract that will remove behind the medicinal residues carries out concentrating under reduced pressure, obtaining concentration is the first cream of 1g/ml
5), after the first cream cooling, low whipping speed is that slowly to add dehydrated alcohol under the condition of 500r/min be 75% to containing the alcohol amount, 24h is left standstill in airtight then cold preservation;
6), leave standstill the back and filter, the stillness of night that obtains is carried out concentrating under reduced pressure reclaims ethanol and obtain water extract;
7), with water extract that makes and volatile oil, other adds deionized water and essence, presses column weight amount (%) preparation: water extract 75; Volatile oil 1.0; Deionized water 23.8; Essence 0.2, the preparation back adopts the high speed shear mulser to carry out emulsifying, filters at last and makes plant extraction liquid deodorizer of the present invention.
CN201010617598.0A 2010-12-22 2010-12-22 Preparation method of plant extracting solution deodorant CN102526785B (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102987518A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-03-27 王正泽 Natural food preservative
CN103341196A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-10-09 马氏兄弟科技(北京)股份有限公司 Bacteriostatic air-refreshing composition and its preparation method and use
CN102526785B (en) * 2010-12-22 2014-07-09 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 Preparation method of plant extracting solution deodorant
CN104491903A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-08 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 Preparation method and application of sludge deodorant
CN104984645A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-10-21 四川普高环保科技发展有限公司 Natural plant deodorant
CN105031701A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-11-11 天峨县平昌生态农业有限公司 Environmentally-friendly plant source deodorant
CN105056275A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-11-18 天峨县平昌生态农业有限公司 Antibacterial deodorant
CN105129872A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-12-09 安徽江威精密制造有限公司 Plant-type waste water deodorant and preparation method thereof
CN105641726A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-06-08 苗娥 Herbal bathroom odor removing spraying agent and processing method thereof
CN106822964A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-06-13 怀宁县森源生态养殖有限公司 A kind of pig manure deodorant
CN110302408A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-10-08 武汉职业技术学院 A kind of air freshener and preparation method thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101569755A (en) * 2009-06-15 2009-11-04 巩义市海威建材有限公司 Plant purifying deodorizer and preparation method thereof
CN101698110A (en) * 2007-12-19 2010-04-28 曲奕 Plant essence air fumette
CN101810873A (en) * 2010-03-09 2010-08-25 侯先槐 Method for preparing natural plant deodorant

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102526785B (en) * 2010-12-22 2014-07-09 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 Preparation method of plant extracting solution deodorant

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101698110A (en) * 2007-12-19 2010-04-28 曲奕 Plant essence air fumette
CN101569755A (en) * 2009-06-15 2009-11-04 巩义市海威建材有限公司 Plant purifying deodorizer and preparation method thereof
CN101810873A (en) * 2010-03-09 2010-08-25 侯先槐 Method for preparing natural plant deodorant

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102526785B (en) * 2010-12-22 2014-07-09 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 Preparation method of plant extracting solution deodorant
CN102987518A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-03-27 王正泽 Natural food preservative
CN103341196A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-10-09 马氏兄弟科技(北京)股份有限公司 Bacteriostatic air-refreshing composition and its preparation method and use
CN104984645A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-10-21 四川普高环保科技发展有限公司 Natural plant deodorant
CN104491903A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-08 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 Preparation method and application of sludge deodorant
CN104491903B (en) * 2014-12-16 2017-02-22 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 Preparation method and application of sludge deodorant
CN105129872A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-12-09 安徽江威精密制造有限公司 Plant-type waste water deodorant and preparation method thereof
CN105031701A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-11-11 天峨县平昌生态农业有限公司 Environmentally-friendly plant source deodorant
CN105056275A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-11-18 天峨县平昌生态农业有限公司 Antibacterial deodorant
CN105641726A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-06-08 苗娥 Herbal bathroom odor removing spraying agent and processing method thereof
CN106822964A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-06-13 怀宁县森源生态养殖有限公司 A kind of pig manure deodorant
CN110302408A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-10-08 武汉职业技术学院 A kind of air freshener and preparation method thereof

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