CN102519456A - Navigation method and mobile terminal of subway line - Google Patents

Navigation method and mobile terminal of subway line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102519456A
CN102519456A CN 201110384917 CN201110384917A CN102519456A CN 102519456 A CN102519456 A CN 102519456A CN 201110384917 CN201110384917 CN 201110384917 CN 201110384917 A CN201110384917 A CN 201110384917A CN 102519456 A CN102519456 A CN 102519456A
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subway
mobile terminal
station
determined
determining
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CN 201110384917
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Chinese (zh)
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吴钢
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华为终端有限公司
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Abstract

The embodiment of the invention discloses a navigation method of a subway line, which comprises defining a starting station and a destination station, and calculating a subway running line according to stored subway line information; obtaining moving speed of a mobile terminal in real time and determining that the subway arrives at a station according to changes of the moving speed of the mobile terminal; and confirming the station which the subway arrives at according the subway running line and navigating for a user. The embodiment of the invention further discloses the corresponding mobile terminal. By means of the navigation method and mobile terminal of the subway line, the user can be navigated when taking a subway, and the navigation blind area in the subway is made up.

Description

地铁线路导航方法及移动终端 Subway line navigation method and a mobile terminal

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于通信技术领域,尤其涉及地铁线路导航方法及移动终端。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of communication technologies, particularly to a subway line navigation method and a mobile terminal. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 全球定位系统(Global Positioning System,GPS),又称全球卫星定位系统,是一个中距离圆型轨道卫星导航系统。 [0002] GPS (Global Positioning System, GPS), also known as the Global Positioning System, is a middle-distance circular orbit satellite navigation system. 它可以为地球表面绝大部分地区提供准确的定位、测速和高精度的时间标准。 It provides standard time accurate positioning, speed and precision for most of the Earth's surface area. 该系统由美国国防部研制和维护,可满足位于全球大部分地方或近地空间的用户连续精确的确定三维位置、三维运动和时间的需要。 The system is developed and maintained by the US Department of Defense, to meet most of the world where the user is located or near-Earth space continuously and accurately determine the required three-dimensional position, three-dimensional motion and time. GPS系统拥有如下多种优点:全天候,不受任何天气的影响;全球覆盖;三维定速定时高精度;快速、省时、高效率;应用广泛、多功能;可移动定位等等。 The GPS system has many advantages as follows: around the clock, without any influence of the weather; global coverage; three-dimensional high-precision timing of constant speed; fast, time-saving, high efficiency; wide range of applications, multi-function; removable positioning and so on. 这些优点使得GPS导航成为近些年来应用最为广泛的导航技术。 These advantages make GPS navigation in recent years become the most widely used navigation technology.

[0003] 然而GPS导航技术的应用是存在环境限制的,这是因为GPS导航技术通过卫星发射的信号与终端进行通讯,因此遮挡物、建筑物、树木等障碍物都会影响GPS卫星信号的接收,尤其在地铁这样的地下应用场景中,目前无法通过GPS技术实现导航。 [0003] However, application of GPS navigation technology is the presence of environmental regulations, because GPS navigation signals transmitted by a satellite communication with the terminal, thus covering, buildings, trees, and other obstacles will affect the reception of GPS signals, Especially in the underground subway in such a scenario, the current can not be achieved by means of GPS navigation technology.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明实施例公开了地铁线路导航方法及移动终端,以解决地铁内没有GPS卫星信号导致无法进行导航的问题 [0004] Example embodiments disclosed subway line navigation method and a mobile terminal of the present invention to solve the subway no GPS satellite signals can not cause the problem of navigation

[0005] 本发明实施例公开了一种地铁线路导航方法,包括: [0005] Example embodiments of the present invention discloses a subway line navigation method, comprising:

[0006] 定义起始站和目的站,根据存储的地铁线路信息,计算地铁行驶路线; [0006] define the start and a destination, according to the stored information subway line, the subway travel route is calculated;

[0007] 实时获取移动终端的移动速度,并根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站; [0007] The moving speed of the mobile terminal acquired in real time, and according to changes in the moving speed of the mobile terminal, determining the subway station;

[0008] 根据所述地铁行驶路线,确认地铁到达的站点,为用户导航。 [0008] The travel route to the subway, subway station arrival acknowledgment for user navigation.

[0009] 本发明实施例还公开了另一种地铁线路导航方法,包括: [0009] The present invention also discloses another embodiment of the subway line navigation method, comprising:

[0010] 通过定位确认起始站; [0010] Location Ack Starting Stations;

[0011] 获取移动终端的移动方向; [0011] Gets the moving direction of the mobile terminal;

[0012] 实时获取移动终端的移动速度,并根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站; [0012] The moving speed of the mobile terminal acquired in real time, and the moving speed of the change of the mobile terminal, determining the subway station;

[0013] 根据存储的地铁线路信息和移动终端的移动方向,确认地铁到达的站点,为用户导航。 [0013] The moving direction of the subway line information stored in the mobile terminal, to confirm arrival of the subway station, to user navigation.

[0014] 本发明实施例公开了一种移动终端,包括: [0014] Example embodiments of the present invention discloses a mobile terminal, comprising:

[0015] 处理器、存储器、加速度传感器、输入装置、输出装置,其中, [0015] a processor, a memory, an acceleration sensor, an input device, an output device, wherein

[0016] 所述存储器,用于存储地铁线路信息; [0016] The memory for storing the subway line information;

[0017] 所述加速度传感器,用于实时获取移动终端的加速度; [0017] The acceleration sensor for acquiring an acceleration of the mobile terminal in real time;

[0018] 所述输入装置,用于接收用户输入的起始站和目的站的信息; [0018] The input means for receiving a start and a destination information input by the user;

[0019] 所述处理器,用于根据所述输入装置接收的起始站和目的站的信息,定义起始站和目的站;根据定义的起始站和目的站,以及所述存储器存储的地铁线路信息进行计算,得到地铁行驶路线;对所述加速度传感器获取的所述移动终端的加速度进行计算,得到所述移动终端的移动速度;根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站;根据所述地铁行驶路线,确认地铁到达的站点,生成导航信息; [0019] The processor, based on information for starting and a destination received from the input means, define the start and a destination; according to the defined start and a destination, and stored in the memory subway line information has been calculated, subway travel route; acceleration of the mobile terminal acquired by the acceleration sensor are calculated to obtain the moving speed of the mobile terminal; according to a change of the moving speed of the mobile terminal determining to subway station; based on the subway route with confirmed subway station arrives, generates navigation information;

[0020] 所述输出装置,用于输出所述导航信息,为用户导航。 [0020] The output means for outputting the navigation information, to user navigation.

[0021] 本发明实施例还公开了另一种移动终端,包括: [0021] The present invention also discloses another embodiment of a mobile terminal, comprising:

[0022] 处理器、存储器、定位器、加速度传感器、方向传感器、输出装置,其中, [0022] a processor, memory, a locator, an acceleration sensor, a direction sensor, an output device, wherein

[0023] 所述存储器,用于存储地铁线路信息; [0023] The memory for storing the subway line information;

[0024] 所述定位器,用于获取所述移动终端的位置信息; [0024] The locator for acquiring location information of the mobile terminal;

[0025] 所述加速度传感器,用于实时获取所述移动终端的加速度; [0025] The acceleration sensor for acquiring an acceleration in real time of the mobile terminal;

[0026] 所述方向传感器,用于获取所述移动终端的移动方向; [0026] The direction sensor for acquiring a moving direction of the mobile terminal;

[0027] 所述处理器,用于根据所述定位器获取的移动终端的位置信息确认起始站;对所述加速度传感器实时获取的加速度进行计算,得到移动终端的移动速度;根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站;根据确认的起始站、所述存储器存储的地铁线路信息和所述方向传感器获取的移动终端的移动方向,确认地铁到达的站点,生成导航信息; [0027] The processor for confirming the position information of the mobile terminal acquired by the positioning initiator station; of acceleration of the acceleration sensor is acquired in real time has been calculated, the moving speed of the mobile terminal; according to the movement change the moving speed of the terminal, determining subway station; moving direction of the mobile terminal according to the confirmation of the starting station, subway lines, and the direction information stored in the memory acquired from the sensor, to confirm arrival of the subway station, generating navigation information;

[0028] 所述输出装置,用于输出所述导航信息,为用户导航。 [0028] The output means for outputting the navigation information, to user navigation.

[0029] 通过应用本发明实施例公开的地铁线路导航方法及移动终端,利用地铁行驶速度的变化规律进行地铁导航,可以在GPS卫星信号不佳的地铁中进行导航,弥补了地铁中的导航盲区,并且无需复杂的计算、精密的地图和仪器,功耗较小。 [0029] subway line navigation method and a mobile terminal by applying the embodiments disclosed embodiment of the present invention, using a variation of the subway subways traveling speed navigation, navigation can be poor GPS satellite signal subway, subway makes up the blind navigation and does not require complex calculations, maps and sophisticated equipment, small power consumption.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0030] 图1为本发明实施例公开的一种移动终端的输入方法的流程示意图; [0030] FIG. 1 is a schematic flow of an input method of a mobile terminal according to the disclosed embodiment of the present invention;

[0031] 图2为本发明实施例公开的另一种移动终端的输入方法的流程示意图; [0031] FIG. 2 is a schematic of another input method for a mobile terminal of the embodiment of the process disclosed embodiment of the invention;

[0032] 图3为本发明实施例公开的一种移动终端的结构示意图; [0032] FIG. 3 is a schematic structure of a mobile terminal according to the disclosed embodiment of the present invention;

[0033] 图4为本发明实施例公开的另一种移动终端的结构示意图; [0033] Fig 4 a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a mobile terminal disclosed embodiment of the present invention;

[0034] 图5为本发明实施例公开的另一种移动终端的结构示意图。 [0034] FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of another mobile terminal according to the disclosed embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0035] 为使本发明的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,下面结合附图对本发明具体实施例作进一步的详细描述。 [0035] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, the following drawings of specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail with. 显然,所描述的实施例是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 Obviously, the described embodiments are part of the embodiments of the present invention rather than all embodiments. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0036] 首先,需要说明的是在本发明实施例当中描述的移动终端包括但不限于手机、平板电脑或掌上电脑等终端设备。 [0036] First, it is noted that in the described embodiment the mobile terminal among the embodiments of the present invention include, but are not limited to mobile phones, tablet, or handheld computer terminal device.

[0037] 方法实施例 Example [0037] Method

[0038] 实施例一 [0038] Example a

[0039] 参考图1,本发明实施例一提供了一种地铁线路导航方法,在用户携带移动终端乘坐地铁时,可以通过所述移动终端进行地铁导航,包括以下步骤: [0039] Referring to FIG 1, one embodiment of the present invention there is provided a navigation method subway lines, when the user carrying the mobile terminal subway, subway can navigate through the mobile terminal, comprising the steps of:

[0040] 步骤11、定义起始站和目的站,根据存储的地铁线路信息,计算地铁行驶路线。 [0040] Step 11, define the start and a destination, according to the stored information subway line, the subway calculated travel route. [0041] 起始站和目的站可以由用户进行定义。 [0041] The starting and a destination may be defined by the user. 移动终端预先存储地铁线路信息,该地铁线路信息可以包括具体的地铁线路图、各站站名等,也可以只包括地铁线路的站点和连接关系。 Mobile terminal information stored in advance subway line, the subway line information may include specific subway map, each station name, etc., it may include only the site and connection relationship subway lines. 移动终端能够根据所述地铁线路信息,结合用户定义的起始站和目的站,计算出地铁行驶路线。 The mobile terminal according to the subway line information can be combined with user-defined starting and destination stations, subway calculated travel route. 所述的地铁行驶路线至少包括地铁从起始站到目的站需要经过的站点和经过顺序。 The Metro Subway travel route from a starting station comprises at least to the destination station needs to pass through the site and sequence. 所述的地铁线路信息不用十分精确、详尽,可以仅仅是一个简要的过程信息,如起始站为A站,目的站为D站,依次途经B站、C站时,所述的地铁线路信息可以是“A站一B站一C 站一D站”。 The metro line information is not accurate, exhaustive, it may be only a brief procedure information, such as the initiator station A to station, the destination station D to station, station B via successively, when the C station, the subway line information It may be "a a B station a station C a station D station." 相对于GPS导航和惯性导航而言,在计算导航路线上,本实施例所需要的数据和对数据的计算要更加简便、快捷,对设备的计算能力要求更低。 With respect to GPS navigation and inertial navigation, the calculation of the navigation route, the required data according to the present embodiment and the calculation of data to be easier, faster, less computing power requirements of the equipment.

[0042] 步骤12、实时获取移动终端的移动速度,并根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化, 确定地铁到站。 [0042] Step 12, the moving speed of the mobile terminal acquired in real time and the change of the moving speed of the mobile terminal, determining the subway station.

[0043] 具体地,移动终端上可以配置加速度感应器、或者陀螺仪等设备,对移动终端的实时加速度进行监测。 [0043] Specifically, the mobile terminal may be configured acceleration sensor, a gyroscope or other equipment, real-time monitoring of the acceleration of the mobile terminal. 地铁启动时,移动终端发现移动终端的加速度不为0,根据公式“速度= 加速度*时间”,以时间为变量,对移动终端的加速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动速度。 Subway start, acceleration of the mobile terminal finds the mobile terminal is not zero, the formula "= velocity * time acceleration", time-variable, the acceleration of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at the mobile terminal according to the moving speed. 地铁的行驶速度随着时间具有一定的变化规律:例如,地铁通常是在A站启动后逐渐加速驶离A站,直至正常地铁行驶速度;在地铁隧道中以正常地铁行驶速度行驶一段时间后, 再逐渐减速至0,进入并停止在B站,所述的正常地铁行驶速度可以是勻速,如50km/h;也可以是在大于0的某个速度区域内变化的行驶速度,如40km/h-60km/h。 Metro traveling speed over time with some variation: for example, usually gradually accelerated away from the subway station A in station A after the start up to the normal running speed of the subway; in underground subway tunnel to normal after a period of time with the traveling speed, to 0 and then gradually decelerated, stops at the station B and enters the normal driving speed may be uniform underground, such as 50km / h; may also be varied within a certain speed range traveling speed is greater than 0, such as 40km / h -60km / h. 也即在地铁行驶的过程中,其行驶速度呈从0至正常地铁行驶速度,从正常地铁行驶速度至0,再从0至正常地铁行驶速度,再从正常地铁行驶速度至0,以此不断循环的变化规律。 That is the process of moving subway, which was traveling speed from 0 to the normal driving speed subway, from subway normal running speed to 0, and from 0 to the normal driving speed subway, subway and from the normal running speed to zero, in order to continuously variation cycle.

[0044] 由于移动终端在地铁上时,其相对于地面的移动速度基本等于地铁的行驶速度, 通过实时获取移动终端的移动速度的变化,并利用地铁行驶速度的变化规律,即可对地铁出站和到站的情况进行确定。 [0044] Since the mobile terminal at the subway, with respect to the ground substantially equal to the moving speed of the running speed of the subway, acquired in real time by a change in the moving speed of the mobile terminal, using the traveling speed variation of the subway, on the subway can and a station where the station is determined. 可选的,一种确定方式是,在对移动终端的移动速度监测的过程中,若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则确定地铁启动;在起点站,确定地铁启动时,则确定所述地铁出站;在非起点站,确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则确定地铁出站;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则确定地铁停车。 Alternatively, a method of determining the way, during the movement speed of the mobile terminal is monitored, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal is increased from 0 to more than a first threshold value, it is determined that subway promoter; the starting point, determining the start subway , it is determined that the subway station; non starting point, start again to determine the subway station, it is determined that subway station; after determining the subway station, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal drops below a second threshold, it is determined subway stop. 所述的第一阈值可以是大于0且接近于地铁正常行驶速度的一个速度值,也可以是超过用户步行或奔跑的速度的一个速度值;所述的第二阈值可以等于0或者大于0且低于地铁正常行驶速度的一个速度值,第二阈值不等于0的作用是可以在地铁行驶速度完全为0 即地铁完全停止之前确定地铁停车,并在步骤13中为用户导航,以使得用户有充足的时间准备下车或提前知道下一站即将到达,提高用户体验。 The first threshold may be greater than 0 and a speed value close to the normal speed of subway, the user may be more than a foot or the running speed of the speed value; the second threshold value may be equal to or greater than 0 and 0 a speed value lower than the normal speed of the underground, a second threshold value is not equal to 0 may effect the subway i.e. the traveling speed is zero is determined entirely underground subway stop before complete stop, and at step 13 the user navigation, so that the user has plenty of time to prepare and get off at the next stop or know in advance about to arrive, improve the user experience.

[0045] 步骤13、根据所述地铁行驶路线,确认地铁到达的站点,为用户导航。 [0045] Step 13, with a subway route according to the confirmed arrival subway station, to user navigation.

[0046] 例如,根据所述地铁行驶路线,在第一次确定地铁到站时,则认为地铁到达的站点为起始站之后的第二站;在第二次确定地铁到站时,则认为地铁到达的站点为第二站之后的第三站;以此类推,直至地铁到达的站点为目的站。 [0046] For example, according to the travel route subway, subway determined at the first station, subway station that is reached after the start of the second stop station; in the second subway station is determined, it is considered subway station arriving third station following the second station; and so on, until the arrival of the subway station to the destination station. 也就是说,移动终端可以根据所述地铁行驶路线,自起始站起,每确定地铁到站一次,则向后推算一个站点,从而确认当前地铁到达的站点,直至到达目的站。 That is, the mobile terminal may travel route according to the subway, starting from the stand, is determined for each subway station once a site is projected rearwardly, thereby confirming the current subway station arrived, until it reaches the destination station.

[0047] 需要说明的是,实施本实施例时,所述地铁行驶路线可以包括换乘的线路,用户在换乘站换乘地铁时,移动终端也会有跟用户一样的移动速度。 [0047] Incidentally, when the present embodiment, the travel route may include a transfer subway line, the subway when the user transfers the transfer station, the mobile terminal will have the same with the moving speed of the user. 这个移动速度一般无法达到上述的第一阈值或第二阈值,因此不会认为移动终端在用户换乘地铁时发生的移动是地铁的出站和到站。 The moving speed of the ships can not achieve the above-described first threshold or the second threshold value, it will not occur that the mobile terminal when the mobile user station and a transfer station is underground subway. 当地铁到达换乘站时,移动终端可以向用户发出换乘提醒。 When the metro reaches the transfer station, the mobile terminal may issue an alert to the user transfers. 在用户换乘地铁后,继续进行地铁导航,从而使得本实施例可以应用于需要换乘的地铁线路导航。 After the user take subway, subway navigation proceeds, so that the circuit of the present embodiment can be applied to transfer to the navigation Metro embodiment.

[0048] 可选的,可以在上述地铁线路导航方法中引入导航纠错机制,具体包括: [0048] Alternatively, the navigation can be introduced in the above-described correction mechanism subway line navigation method comprises:

[0049] 可选的,所述地铁行驶路线包括地铁经过的站点和经过顺序,还包括地铁行驶方向,在地铁导航过程中,实时获取移动终端的移动速度的同时,还可以通过指南针等方向传感器装置,实时获取移动终端的移动方向,以确定地铁的实时行驶方向。 [0049] Alternatively, the travel route includes underground subway station and passes through the sequence, further comprising a traveling direction subway, subway during navigation, real-time access speed of the mobile terminal can also compass direction by a sensor means acquires the real-time movement direction of the mobile terminal, real-time to determine the traveling direction of the subway. 地铁的行驶方向在某条地铁线路上一般包括两个方向。 Subway traveling direction on a two subway lines typically comprises directions. 若发现地铁的实时行驶方向与所述地铁行驶路线中的地铁行驶方向相符,则认为用户乘坐了正确方向的地铁;若发现地铁的实时行驶方向与所述地铁行驶路线中的地铁行驶方向不符,则可以确定用户乘坐了反向的地铁,向用户发出错误提示,提醒用户在下一站下车,并换乘正确方向的地铁。 If it finds a match in real-time Metro subway direction of travel direction of travel and the travel route of the subway, the user is considered to take the subway in the right direction; if found not to live underground subway travel direction of the travel route in the subway direction of travel, the user can determine reverse subway ride, issue an error message to the user to remind the user to get off at the next stop, and subway transfer the right direction. 此时可以重新定义起始站和目的站,并重新计算地铁行驶路线,以继续导航,从而可以即时发现用户乘坐了错误方向的地铁,提高本地铁线路导航方法的精确度。 At this time you can redefine start and a destination, and the travel route is recalculated subway, to continue the navigation, so that the user can instantly find a subway ride in the wrong direction, to improve the accuracy of the navigation method according to the subway line.

[0050] 可选的,所述地铁行驶路线包括地铁经过的站点和经过顺序,还包括站点之间距离。 [0050] Alternatively, the travel route includes underground subway station and passes through the sequence, further comprising a distance between the sites. 地铁启动时,步骤12中获取的移动终端的移动速度不为0时,可以根据公式“距离= 速度*时间”,以时间为变量,对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动距离。 Subway starts, the moving speed of the mobile terminal acquired in step 12 is not 0, using the formula "distance = velocity * time", time-variable, the moving speed of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at the mobile terminal Moving distance. 由于在地铁行驶过程中,所述移动终端的移动距离基本等于地铁的行驶距离,因此可以根据移动终端的移动距离得出地铁的行驶距离。 Since the process of moving in the subway, the distance of movement of the mobile terminal is substantially equal to the travel distance subway, subway can be obtained according to a travel distance of the moving distance of the mobile terminal. 在地铁停车、确认其到站之前,将地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离与所述移动终端的在地铁前次出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站。 Subway stop, confirm the station before, the distance between the sites of the driving range and the current location of the mobile terminal subway comparing movement distance after the previous subway station, if the difference in the range of some tolerance it is determined that subway station. 所述移动终端的当前所在的行车区间为前次出站的站点和前面将要抵达的站点之间的区间。 The mobile terminal section located between the driving range of the previous station and in front of the station will get to the site of the current.

[0051] 若所述移动终端在地铁前一次出站后的移动距离显著小于所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则确定地铁为中途停车。 [0051] If the moving distance of a mobile terminal prior to the subway station is significantly less than the distance between the sites of the driving range of the mobile terminal is currently located, it is determined as a subway stop halfway. 当地铁在中途停车后再次启动并停车时,将移动终端该再次启动并停车的移动距离与前次从地铁出站至地铁中途停车的移动距离相累加,作为所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离,再将所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站;若前述的相加后的移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离仍然小于所述地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则仍然确定该次停车为中途停车。 When the subway stop and start again in the middle of the parking, the mobile terminal starts again and stop the movement distance from the previous to the subway station underground pit stop moving distance accumulation phase, as the mobile terminal after the subway station the distance between the moving distance comparison site driving range of the current location of a moving distance, then the mobile terminal and the mobile terminal after the subway station, if the difference is within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station ; the distance between the mobile station if the terminal is still less than the sum of the driving range of the current location of the moving distance of the underground subway station, it is still determined that the vehicle stopping halfway parking. 在确定地铁为中途停车后,将移动终端再次移动的移动距离与前次在地铁出站后的移动距离相加,作为移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离;将所述行车区间的站点之间的距离与相加得到的在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内则确定地铁到站;若前者仍然显著小于后者则继续计算移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离;依此循环, 直至移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离与所述行车区间的站点之间的距离的差值在一定误差范围内,确定地铁到站。 After determining the subway stop partway, again the mobile terminal moves and the movement distance after the previous moving distance of the subway stations are added, as a moving distance of the mobile terminal after the subway station; the driving range of the site If the former is still significantly less than the latter continues to calculate the subway station in the mobile terminal; compare the distance between the moving distance of the subway station obtained by adding, if the difference value is determined within a certain error range subway station a moving distance; cycle so, the mobile terminal until the difference in distance between the mobile station and the distance from the driving range after the subway stations within a certain error range, determined subway station.

[0052] 若所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离显著大于所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则确定地铁为不停车过站。 [0052] When the mobile terminal moves from the subway station after the mobile terminal is significantly larger than the distance between the site where the driving range, it is determined not to stop excessive subway station. 在确定地铁不停车过站后,再一次确定地铁停车时,将移动终端在前次地铁出站后的移动距离,与前次出站的站点与地铁行驶路线中前方其他站点的距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站,并确认当前地铁到达的站点。 When determining the subway station through without stopping, underground parking again determine the distance of movement of the mobile terminal after the last of the subway station, compared with the previous distance from the subway station and the outbound travel route in front of the other sites, If the difference is within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station, and confirms the current subway station arrives. 在这种情况下,不再采用前述的自起始站起,每确定地铁到站一次, 则向后推算一个站点的方法确认到达的站点。 In this case, no longer used from the starting of the stand, each station determines a subway, a method of estimating the back site of site arrival acknowledgment. 例如,若地铁从A站开出,途径B、C两站都没有停车,在D站进站停车时,确定地铁从A站开出后移动终端的移动距离与A、D两站距离的差值在一定误差范围内,则确定当前地铁到达的站点为D站。 For example, if the subway station A from out, route B, C two stations do not stop, when the pit stop station D, and determining the moving distance A subway station moves out from the terminal A, the difference between the two stations distance D value within a certain error range, it is determined that the current subway station to reach the station D. 若地铁行驶路线中前方其他站点中没有相匹配的站点,则确定地铁为中途停车,接下来的导航方式与前述的关于地铁中途停车的导航方式一致,不再赘述。 When Subway travel route in front of the site to other sites do not match, it is determined as a subway stop half-way, consistent with the next navigation aforementioned navigation on the subway pit stop, and not repeat them.

[0053] 通过以上方案的实施,解决了在使用本实施例的地铁线路导航方法中,地铁中途停车或不停车过站导致导航不准确的问题,提高了地铁导航精度。 [0053] By implementing the above program, the present embodiment solves the embodiment using the subway line navigation method, subway stop or not stop halfway through the station results in inaccurate navigation problems and improve the accuracy of navigation subway.

[0054] 可选的,在确认地铁到达的站点后,对用户进行导航的方式有多种:可以不对用户显示地铁行驶路线,在地铁到站时对用户发出到站提醒,发出振动或声音通知,并在屏幕上显示到达的站点名称;可以是在地铁到达目的站时,以振动或声音通知的方式对用户发出下车提醒;也可以向用户显示地铁行驶路线、出发的站点和到达的站点,进行简单的全程导航等等,从而使得用户在听音乐、看电影或其他活动时即使获知当前到达的地铁站点并获得提醒,避免乘坐地铁过站等。 Way [0054] Optionally, after confirming the arrival of the subway station, the user has a variety of navigation: the user can not display subway travel route, the station issued a reminder to the user at the time of the subway station, vibrate or sound notifications and displays the name of the site arrive on the screen; you can arrive at the destination at the time of the subway station, in a manner of vibration or sound notifications to remind users sent off; subway travel route can also be displayed to the user, the site of the site of departure and arrival , simple navigation, and so the entire process, so that the user is listening to music, even when informed of the current reach of the subway station when watching movies or other events and get reminders, to avoid over-ride the subway station.

[0055] 本实施例中,在定义起始站和目的站后,移动终端根据存储的地铁线路信息,计算地铁行驶路线,在地铁行驶过程中实时获取移动终端的移动速度,并根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站,然后根据所述地铁行驶路线确认地铁到达的站点,为用户导航,当所述地铁行驶路线还包括地铁行驶方向时,则实时获取移动终端的移动方向,若所述移动方向与所述地铁行驶方向不符,则向用户发出错误提示;当所述地铁行驶路线还包括站点之间的距离时,对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动距离,在地铁停车,确定地铁到站之前,将所述地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站; 若显著不符,则不认为地铁到站。 [0055] In this embodiment, after defining the starting station and a destination station, the mobile terminal according to the information stored in the subway line, the subway travel route is calculated, obtaining the moving speed of the mobile terminal in real time during running underground, according to the movement and change the moving speed of the terminal, determined subway station, and then confirm that the site in accordance with the Metro subway reaches travel route, the navigation for the user, when the travel route further includes underground metro traveling direction, the real-time access to the moving direction of the mobile terminal , if the moving direction of the traveling direction does not match the subway, an error message is issued to a user; when the travel route further includes underground distance between sites, the mobile speed of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at the mobile terminal moving distance, in the subway stop, before the train to determine the distance between the sites of the driving range of the currently located underground, compared with the mobile terminal after the movement distance of the subway station, if the difference in within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station; if significant discrepancies, the subway station is not considered. 通过本实施例的应用,可以在GPS卫星信号不佳的地铁中进行导航,弥补了地铁中的导航盲区,并且这种地铁导航方式利用了地铁行驶速度的变化规律,无需复杂的计算、精密的地图和仪器,功耗较小,此外还解决了由于地铁中途停车、用户乘坐了错误方向的地铁导致的地铁导航错误问题,提高了地铁导航的精度。 , May be performed by applying the present embodiment in poor GPS satellite signal navigation subway, subway makes up navigation in the blind, and this navigation underground subway use the variation of the traveling speed, without complicated calculations, precision map and equipment, less power consumption, in addition to solve the problems due to navigation errors metro subway stop half-way, the user takes the wrong direction due to the subway, to improve the accuracy of navigation subway.

[0056] 实施例二 [0056] Second Embodiment

[0057] 参考图2,本发明实施例二提供了另一种地铁线路导航方法,在用户携带移动终端乘坐地铁时,可以通过所述移动终端进行地铁导航,包括以下步骤: [0057] Referring to FIG 2, according to a second embodiment of the present invention provides another subway line navigation method, when the user carrying the mobile terminal subway, subway can navigate through the mobile terminal, comprising the steps of:

[0058] 步骤21、通过定位确认起始站。 [0058] Step 21, by positioning the initiator station acknowledgment.

[0059] 在用户乘坐地铁之前,可以通过卫星定位、小区定位或者无线保真WiFi定位等方式,确认移动终端所在的坐标位置,再通过所述的坐标位置,确认用户将要乘坐地铁的起始站。 [0059] Before the user subway, by satellite positioning, the positioning or cell targeting, etc. WiFi Wireless Fidelity, confirm the coordinate position of the mobile terminal is located, and then through the coordinate position, the user will have to take the initial confirmation subway station .

[0060] 步骤22、获取移动终端的移动方向。 [0060] Step 22, the moving direction of the mobile terminal acquired.

[0061] 用户携带移动终端乘坐地铁时,移动终端可以通过指南针等方向传感器装置,实时获取移动终端的移动方向,以确定地铁的实时行驶方向。 When [0061] the user carrying the mobile terminal subway, the mobile terminal may compass direction sensor means, the moving direction of the mobile terminal acquired in real time to determine the real-time subway traveling direction.

[0062] 步骤23、实时获取移动终端的移动速度,并根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化, 确定地铁到站; [0062] Step 23, the moving speed of the mobile terminal acquired in real time and the change of the moving speed of the mobile terminal, determining the subway station;

[0063] 具体地,移动终端上可以配置加速度感应器、或者陀螺仪等设备,对移动终端的实时加速度进行监测。 [0063] Specifically, the mobile terminal may be configured acceleration sensor, a gyroscope or other equipment, real-time monitoring of the acceleration of the mobile terminal. 地铁启动时,移动终端发现移动终端的加速度不为0,根据公式“速度= 加速度*时间”,以时间为变量,对移动终端的加速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动速度。 Subway start, acceleration of the mobile terminal finds the mobile terminal is not zero, the formula "= velocity * time acceleration", time-variable, the acceleration of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at the mobile terminal according to the moving speed. 地铁的行驶速度随着时间具有一定的变化规律:例如,地铁通常是在A站启动后逐渐加速驶离A站,直至正常地铁行驶速度;在地铁隧道中以正常地铁行驶速度行驶一段时间后, 再逐渐减速至0,进入并停止在B站,所述的正常地铁行驶速度可以是勻速,如50km/h ;也可以是在大于0的某个速度区域内变化的行驶速度,如40km/h-60km/h。 Metro traveling speed over time with some variation: for example, usually gradually accelerated away from the subway station A in station A after the start up to the normal running speed of the subway; in underground subway tunnel to normal after a period of time with the traveling speed, to 0 and then gradually decelerated, stops at the station B and enters the normal driving speed may be uniform underground, such as 50km / h; may also be varied within a certain speed range traveling speed is greater than 0, such as 40km / h -60km / h. 也即在地铁行驶的过程中,其行驶速度呈从0至正常地铁行驶速度,从正常地铁行驶速度至0,再从0至正常地铁行驶速度,再从正常地铁行驶速度至0,以此不断循环的变化规律。 That is the process of moving subway, which was traveling speed from 0 to the normal driving speed subway, from subway normal running speed to 0, and from 0 to the normal driving speed subway, subway and from the normal running speed to zero, in order to continuously variation cycle.

[0064] 由于移动终端在地铁上时,其相对于地面的移动速度基本等于地铁的行驶速度, 通过实时获取移动终端的移动速度的变化,并利用地铁行驶速度的变化规律,即可对地铁出站和到站的情况进行确定。 [0064] Since the mobile terminal at the subway, with respect to the ground substantially equal to the moving speed of the running speed of the subway, acquired in real time by a change in the moving speed of the mobile terminal, using the traveling speed variation of the subway, on the subway can and a station where the station is determined. 可选的,一种确定方式是,在对移动终端的移动速度监测的过程中,若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则确定地铁启动;在起点站,确定地铁启动时,则确定所述地铁出站;在非起点站,确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则确定地铁出站;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则确定地铁停车到站。 Alternatively, a method of determining the way, during the movement speed of the mobile terminal is monitored, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal is increased from 0 to more than a first threshold value, it is determined that subway promoter; the starting point, determining the start subway , it is determined that the subway station; non starting point, start again to determine the subway station, it is determined that subway station; after determining the subway station, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal drops below a second threshold, it is determined that subway station parking. 所述的第一阈值可以是大于0且接近于地铁正常行驶速度的一个速度值,或者是大于用户步行或奔跑的一个速度值;所述的第二阈值可以等于0或者大于0且低于地铁正常行驶速度的一个速度值,第二阈值不等于0的作用是可以在地铁行驶速度完全为0即地铁完全停止之前确定地铁到站,并在步骤24中为用户导航,以使得用户有充足的时间准备下车或提前知道下一站即将到达,提高用户体验。 The first threshold may be greater than 0 and a speed value close to the normal speed subway or greater than a user walking or running speed value; the second threshold value may be equal to or greater than 0 and less than 0 Metro a normal speed travel speed value, the second threshold value is not equal to 0 may effect the subway i.e. the traveling speed is zero is determined entirely underground metro station prior to a complete stop, and in step 24 the user navigation, so that the user has sufficient time to prepare ahead of time to know the next stop to get off or about to arrive, improve the user experience.

[0065] 步骤24、根据存储的地铁线路信息和移动终端的移动方向,确认地铁到达的站点, 为用户导航。 [0065] Step 24, the movement direction and subway information stored in the mobile terminal, to confirm arrival of the subway station, to user navigation.

[0066] 所述地铁线路信息包括各个地铁站点、各个地铁站点的连接关系和各个地铁站点的连接方向。 The [0066] information comprises a metro line direction of the respective connecting subway stations, subway stations connection relationship of each respective and subway stations. 例如,从起始站起,在第一次确定地铁到站时,根据移动终端的移动方向和站点之间的连接关系和连接方向,确定与起始站的连接方向和所述移动终端的移动方向一致的站点为第二站;在第二次确定地铁到站时,根据移动终端的移动方向和站点之间的连接关系和连接方向,确定与第二站的连接方向和所述移动终端的移动方向一致的站点为第三站;依次计算,直至用户下车。 For example, starting from the stand, when the first determination subway station, and the connection according to the connection relationship between the direction and the moving direction of the mobile terminal station determines that the moving direction of the connection initiator station and said mobile terminal the same direction as the second site station; in the second subway station is determined, and the connection according to the connection relationship between the direction and the moving direction of the mobile terminal station, and determining the direction of the second connection station and said mobile terminal the moving direction of the site that corresponds to a third station; calculating sequentially, until the user off.

[0067] 需要说明的是,用户在换乘站换乘地铁时,移动终端也会有跟用户一样的移动速度。 [0067] Incidentally, when the user transfers the subway transfer station, the mobile terminal will have the same with the moving speed of the user. 这个移动速度一般无法达到上述的第一阈值或第二阈值,因此不会认为移动终端在用户换乘地铁时发生的移动是地铁的出站和到站。 The moving speed of the ships can not achieve the above-described first threshold or the second threshold value, it will not occur that the mobile terminal when the mobile user station and a transfer station is underground subway. 在用户换乘地铁后,继续进行地铁导航,从而使得本实施例可以应用于需要换乘的地铁线路导航。 After the user take subway, subway navigation proceeds, so that the circuit of the present embodiment can be applied to transfer to the navigation Metro embodiment.

[0068] 可选的,可以在上述地铁线路导航方法中引入导航纠错机制,具体包括: [0068] Alternatively, the navigation can be introduced in the above-described correction mechanism subway line navigation method comprises:

[0069] 所述地铁线路信息包括各个地铁站点、各个地铁站点的连接关系和各个地铁站点的连接方向,还包括站点之间的距离。 [0069] The connection information comprises a subway line direction of each subway stations, subway stations connection relationship of each respective and subway stations, further comprising a distance between sites. 地铁启动时,步骤12中获取的移动终端的移动速度不为0时,可以根据公式“距离=速度*时间”,以时间为变量,对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动距离。 Subway starts, the moving speed of the mobile terminal acquired in step 12 is not 0, using the formula "distance = velocity * time", time-variable, the moving speed of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at the mobile terminal Moving distance. 由于在地铁行驶过程中,所述移动终端的移动距离基本等于地铁的行驶距离,因此可以根据移动终端的移动距离得出地铁的行驶距离。 Since the process of moving in the subway, the distance of movement of the mobile terminal is substantially equal to the travel distance subway, subway can be obtained according to a travel distance of the moving distance of the mobile terminal. 在地铁停车、确认其到站之前,将移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离与所述移动终端的在地铁前次出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站。 Subway stop, confirm the station before, the distance between the sites of the driving range and the mobile terminal is currently located in the mobile terminal comparing the movement distance after the previous subway station, if the difference in the certain error range inside, it is determined that subway station. 所述地铁当前所在的行车区间为前次出站的站点和前面将要抵达的站点之间的区间。 The interval between the driving range for the site and located in front of the station to be the previous site underground current arrival.

[0070] 若所述移动终端在地铁前一次出站后的移动距离显著小于所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则确定地铁为中途停车。 [0070] If the moving distance of a mobile terminal prior to the subway station is significantly less than the distance between the sites of the driving range of the mobile terminal is currently located, it is determined as a subway stop halfway. 当地铁在中途停车后再次启动并停车时,将移动终端该再次启动并停车的移动距离与前次从地铁出站至地铁中途停车的移动距离相加,作为所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离,再将所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站;若前述的相加后的移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离仍然小于地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则仍然确定该次停车为中途停车。 When the subway stop and start again in the middle of the parking, the mobile terminal starts again and stop the movement distance from the previous to the subway station underground pit stop adding the moving distance, as the mobile terminal after the subway station the distance between the moving distance comparison site driving range of the current location of a moving distance, then the mobile terminal and the mobile terminal after the subway station, if the difference is within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station ; the distance between the mobile station if the terminal after adding the moving distance after the subway station is still smaller than the current driving section located underground, it is still determined that the vehicle stopping halfway parking. 在确定地铁为中途停车后,将移动终端再次移动的移动距离与前次在地铁出站后的移动距离累加,作为在地铁出站后的移动距离;将所述行车区间的站点之间的距离与累加得到在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内则确定地铁到站;若前者仍然显著小于后者,则继续计算移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离;依此循环,直至移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离与所述行车区间的站点之间的距离的差值在一定误差范围内,确认地铁到站。 After determining the subway stop partway, again the mobile terminal moves and the movement distance after the previous moving distance of the subway station accumulated as the moving distance of the subway station; the distance between the sites of the driving range obtained with subway accumulated moving distance of the station contrast, if the difference value is determined within a certain error range subway station; if the former is still significantly smaller than the latter, the movement continues to calculate the distance of the subway station in the mobile terminal; so the cycle, the mobile terminal until the difference in distance between the mobile station and the distance to the driving range after the subway stations within a certain error range, to confirm the subway station.

[0071] 若所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离显著大于所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则确定地铁为不停车过站。 [0071] When the mobile terminal moves from the subway station after the mobile terminal is significantly larger than the distance between the site where the driving range, it is determined not to stop excessive subway station. 在确定地铁不停车过站后,再一次确定地铁停车时,将移动终端在前次地铁出站后的移动距离,与地铁前次出站的站点和在移动终端的移动方向上的其他站点的距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站,并确认当前地铁到达的站点。 After determining the subway station through without stopping, subway stop is determined again, after the movement of the moving distance of the terminal in the previous subway station, subway station and the last station and other sites in the moving direction of the mobile terminal from the comparison, if the difference is within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station, and confirms the current subway station arrives. 例如,若地铁从A站开出,途经B、C两站都没有停车,在D站进站停车时,确定地铁从A站开出后移动终端的移动距离与A、D两站距离的差值在一定误差范围内,则确定当前地铁到达的站点为D站。 For example, if out of the subway station A, via B, C two stations do not stop, when the pit stop station D, and determining the moving distance A subway station moves out from the terminal A, the difference between the two stations distance D value within a certain error range, it is determined that the current subway station to reach the station D. 若地铁行驶路线中前方其他站点中没有相匹配的站点,则确定地铁为中途停车,接下来的导航方式与前述的关于地铁中途停车的导航方式一致,不再赘述。 When Subway travel route in front of the site to other sites do not match, it is determined as a subway stop half-way, consistent with the next navigation aforementioned navigation on the subway pit stop, and not repeat them.

[0072] 通过以上方案的实施,解决了在使用本实施例的地铁线路导航方法中,地铁中途停车或不停车过站导致导航不准确的问题,提高了地铁导航精度。 [0072] By implementing the above program, the present embodiment solves the embodiment using the subway line navigation method, subway stop or not stop halfway through the station results in inaccurate navigation problems and improve the accuracy of navigation subway.

[0073] 可选的,确认地铁到达的站点后,为用户导航的方式有多种:可以不对用户显示地铁行驶路线,在地铁到站时对用户发出到站提醒,发出振动或声音通知,并在屏幕上显示到达的站点名称;也可以向用户显示地铁行驶路线、出发的站点和到达的站点,进行简单的全程导航等等,从而使得用户在听音乐、看电影或其他活动时即使获知当前到达的地铁站点并获得提醒,避免乘坐地铁过站等。 [0073] Optionally, after confirming the subway to reach the site for users to navigate a variety of ways: users can not display subway travel route, the station issued a reminder to the user at the time of the subway station, vibrate or sound notifications, and displays the site names arrive on the screen; can also be displayed to the user subway travel route, departure and arrival station site, simple navigation, and so the entire process, so that the user is listening to music, even when informed of current movies or other activities arriving subway stations and get reminders, to avoid over-ride the subway station.

[0074] 本实施例中,在通过定位确认起始站后,在地铁行驶过程中移动终端获取其移动方向,并实时获取其移动速度,并根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站,然后根据存储的地铁线路信息和移动终端的移动方向,确认地铁到达的站点,为用户导航,当所述地铁线路信息还包括站点之间的距离时,对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动距离,在地铁停车,确定地铁到站之前,将所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站;若显著不符,则不认为地铁到站。 [0074] In the present embodiment, after confirming the start by the positioning station, the mobile terminal acquires a moving direction thereof during running in the subway, and moving speed acquired in real time, and the change of the moving speed of the mobile terminal determining to subway station, subway lines and the movement direction of the mobile terminal and the information stored in the subway station arrival acknowledgment for user navigation, when the subway line information further includes a distance between the sites, the mobile speed of the mobile terminal is integrated, to arrive at a moving distance of the mobile terminal, on the subway stop, before determining the subway station, the distance between the sites of the driving range is currently located mobile terminal, the mobile terminal performs a moving distance after the subway station in contrast, if the difference is within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station; if significant discrepancies, the subway station is not considered. 通过本实施例的应用,可以在GPS卫星信号不佳的地铁中进行导航,弥补了地铁中的导航盲区,并且这种地铁导航方式利用了地铁行驶速度的变化规律,无需复杂的计算、精密的地图和仪器,功耗较小,此外还解决了由于地铁中途停车、用户乘坐了错误方向的地铁导致的地铁导航错误问题,提高了地铁导航的精度,并且本方法无需用户对起始站和目的站进行设置,用户体验更佳。 , May be performed by applying the present embodiment in poor GPS satellite signal navigation subway, subway makes up navigation in the blind, and this navigation underground subway use the variation of the traveling speed, without complicated calculations, precision map and equipment, less power consumption, in addition to solve the problems due to navigation errors metro subway stop half-way, the user takes the wrong direction due to the subway, to improve the accuracy of navigation subway, and this method does not require the user to start and destination station station set up, the user experience better. [0075] 装置实施例 [0075] Example apparatus

[0076] 实施例三 [0076] Example three

[0077] 参考图3,本发明实施例三提供了一种移动终端,在用户携带移动终端乘坐地铁时,可以通过所述移动终端进行地铁导航,包括以下结构: [0077] Referring to FIG 3, according to a third embodiment of the present invention there is provided a mobile terminal, when the user carrying the mobile terminal subway, subway can navigate through the mobile terminal, the structure comprising:

[0078] 存储器31、加速度传感器32、输入装置33、处理器34、输出装置35,其中, [0078] The memory 31, an acceleration sensor 32, input device 33, processor 34, output device 35, wherein,

[0079] 所述存储器31,用于存储地铁线路信息; [0079] The memory 31 for storing the subway line information;

[0080] 所述加速度传感器32,用于实时获取移动终端的加速度; [0080] The acceleration sensor 32, for real-time acquisition of the acceleration of the mobile terminal;

[0081] 所述输入装置33,用于接收用户输入的起始站和目的站的信息; [0081] The input means 33 for receiving a start and a destination information input by the user;

[0082] 所述处理器34,用于根据所述输入装置33接收的起始站和目的站的信息,定义起始站和目的站;根据定义的起始站和目的站,以及所述存储器31存储的地铁线路信息进行计算,得到地铁行驶路线;对所述加速度传感器32获取的所述移动终端的加速度进行计算,得到所述移动终端的移动速度;根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站; 根据所述地铁行驶路线,确认地铁到达的站点,生成导航信息; [0082] The processor 34, according to the starting input 33 and a destination of the received device information, define the start and a destination; according to the defined start and a destination, and the memory subway line information storage 31 is calculated to obtain a travel route metro; of the acceleration of the mobile terminal acquired by the acceleration sensor 32 is calculated to obtain the moving speed of the mobile terminal; change according to the moving speed of the mobile terminal determining subway station; based on the travel route subway, subway station acknowledgment arrives, generates navigation information;

[0083] 所述输出装置35,用于输出所述导航信息,为用户导航。 [0083] The output means 35 for outputting the navigation information, to user navigation.

[0084] 具体的装置操作流程如下: [0084] The specific procedure is as follows apparatus:

[0085] 输入装置33接收用户输入的起始站和目的站的信息。 [0085] The user information input means 33 receives a starting station and a destination station. 存储器31预先存储地铁线路信息,该地铁线路信息可以包括具体的地铁线路图、各站站名等,也可以只包括地铁线路的站点和连接关系。 The memory 31 stores in advance information on the subway line, the subway line information may include specific subway map, each station name, etc., it may include only the site and connection relationship subway lines. 处理器34根据所述地铁线路信息,结合用户定义的起始站和目的站, 计算出地铁行驶路线。 The processor 34 of the subway line information along with user-defined starting and destination stations, subway calculated travel route. 所述的地铁行驶路线至少包括地铁从起始站到目的站需要经过的站点和经过顺序。 The Metro Subway travel route from a starting station comprises at least to the destination station needs to pass through the site and sequence. 所述的地铁线路信息不用十分精确、详尽,可以仅仅是一个简要的过程信息,如起始站为A站,目的站为D站,依次途经B站、C站时,所述的地铁线路信息可以是“A 站一B站一C站一D站”。 The metro line information is not accurate, exhaustive, it may be only a brief procedure information, such as the initiator station A to station, the destination station D to station, station B via successively, when the C station, the subway line information It may be "a a B station a station C a station D station." 相对于GPS导航和惯性导航而言,在计算导航路线上,本实施例所需要的数据和对数据的计算要更加简便、快捷,对移动终端的计算能力要求更低。 With respect to GPS navigation and inertial navigation, the calculation of the navigation route, the required data according to the present embodiment and the calculation of data to be easier, faster computing power of the mobile terminal requiring lower.

[0086] 在地铁运行过程中,加速度传感器32对移动终端的实时加速度进行监测,实时获取移动终端的加速度并传递给处理器34。 [0086] During operation of the subway, the acceleration sensor 32 for real-time monitoring of the acceleration of the mobile terminal, acceleration of the mobile terminal acquired in real time and passed to the processor 34. 地铁启动时,处理器34发现移动终端的加速度不为0,根据公式“速度=加速度*时间”,以时间为变量,对移动终端的加速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动速度。 Subway started, processor 34 does not find an acceleration of the mobile terminal is 0, the formula "= velocity * time acceleration", time-variable, the acceleration of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at the mobile terminal according to the moving speed.

[0087] 在对移动终端的移动速度监测的过程中,若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则处理器34确定地铁启动;在起点站,处理器34确定地铁启动时,则确定所述地铁出站;在非起点站,处理器34确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则确定地铁出站;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则处理器34确定地铁停车。 [0087] During the moving speed of the mobile terminal is monitored, if the moving speed increases from 0 to the terminal exceeds a first threshold, the processor 34 determines Metro started; starting point in the processor 34 determines when to start the subway, determining that the outbound Metro; non starting point, the processor 34 determines when to start again the subway station, it is determined that subway station; after determining the subway station, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal falls below a second threshold value, the processor 34 determines underground parking. 所述的第一阈值可以是大于0且接近于地铁正常行驶速度的一个速度值,也可以是超过用户步行或奔跑的速度的一个速度值;所述的第二阈值可以等于0或者大于0且低于地铁正常行驶速度的一个速度值,第二阈值不等于0的作用是可以在地铁行驶速度完全为0即地铁完全停止之前确定地铁停车,并在步骤13中为用户导航,以使得用户有充足的时间准备下车或提前知道下一站即将到达,提高用户体验。 The first threshold may be greater than 0 and a speed value close to the normal speed of subway, the user may be more than a foot or the running speed of the speed value; the second threshold value may be equal to or greater than 0 and 0 a speed value lower than the normal speed of the underground, a second threshold value is not equal to 0 may effect the subway i.e. the traveling speed is zero is determined entirely underground subway stop before complete stop, and at step 13 the user navigation, so that the user has plenty of time to prepare and get off at the next stop or know in advance about to arrive, improve the user experience. 然后,处理器34根据所述地铁行驶路线,自起始站起,每确定地铁到站一次,则向后推算一个站点,从而确认当前地铁到达的站点,生成导航信息,并由输出装置35输出该导航信息,为用户导航,直至到达目的站。 Then, the processor 34 according to the subway travel route, starting from the stand, is determined for each subway station once a site is projected rearwardly, thereby confirming the current subway station arrives, generates navigation information, and output by the output means 35 the navigation information, for the user to navigate until it reaches the destination station. 所述的输出装置35可以是显示屏、喇叭等输出设备[0088] 可选的,参考图4,可以在上述用于地铁线路导航的移动终端中引入导航纠错机制,所述移动终端还包括: The output device 35 may be a display screen, output devices such as speakers [0088] Alternatively, referring to Figure 4, a navigation error correction mechanism can be introduced in the above-described mobile terminal for navigation subway line, the mobile terminal further comprises :

[0089] 方向传感器36,用于获取移动终端的移动方向,可以是指南针、陀螺仪等可以检测移动终端的移动方向的设备。 [0089] The direction sensor 36, for acquiring a moving direction of the mobile terminal, may be a compass, gyroscope can detect the moving direction of the mobile terminal device.

[0090] 具体的,处理器34得到的地铁行驶路线包括地铁经过的站点和经过顺序,还包括地铁行驶方向,在地铁导航过程中,实时获取移动终端的移动速度的同时,通过方向传感器36,实时获取移动终端的移动方向,以确定地铁的实时行驶方向。 [0090] Specifically, the processor 34 comprises a travel path obtained underground subway station and passes through the sequence, further comprising a traveling direction subway, subway navigation process, the moving speed of the mobile terminal acquired in real time while, the direction sensor 36, real-time access direction of movement of the mobile terminal to determine the real-time subway direction of travel. 地铁的行驶方向在某条地铁线路上一般包括两个方向。 Subway traveling direction on a two subway lines typically comprises directions. 若处理器34发现地铁的实时行驶方向与所述地铁行驶路线中的地铁行驶方向相符,则认为用户乘坐了正确方向的地铁;若处理器34发现地铁的实时行驶方向与所述地铁行驶路线中的地铁行驶方向不符,则可以确定用户乘坐了反向的地铁,生成错误提示信息,提醒用户在下一站下车,并换乘正确方向的地铁。 If the processor 34 finds a match, the real-time Metro Subway traveling direction of the traveling direction of the subway travel route, the user is considered to take metro right direction; if real time processor 34 found Metro Subway traveling direction of the travel route Metro does not match the direction of travel, you can take the user to determine the reverse of the subway, generate an error message, reminding the user to get off at the next stop, and subway transfer the right direction. 此时可以由通过输入装置33重新定义起始站和目的站,并重新计算地铁行驶路线,以继续导航,从而可以即时发现用户乘坐了错误方向的地铁,提高本移动终端导航的精确度。 At this time, recalculation may be made with the subway route input device 33 redefine start and a destination, and to continue the navigation, so that the user can instantly find the wrong direction to take metro improve the accuracy of the mobile terminal of the present navigation.

[0091] 可选的,所述地铁行驶路线包括地铁经过的站点和经过顺序,还可以包括站点之间的距离。 [0091] Alternatively, the travel route includes underground subway station and passes through the sequence, it may further include a distance between sites. 地铁启动时,移动终端的移动速度不为0时,处理器34可以根据公式“距离= 速度*时间”,以时间为变量,对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动距离。 Subway starts, the moving speed of the mobile terminal is not 0, the processor 34 according to the formula "distance = velocity * time", time-variable, the moving speed of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at a moving distance of the mobile terminal . 由于在地铁行驶过程中,所述移动终端的移动距离基本等于地铁的行驶距离,因此可以根据移动终端的移动距离得出地铁的行驶距离。 Since the process of moving in the subway, the distance of movement of the mobile terminal is substantially equal to the travel distance subway, subway can be obtained according to a travel distance of the moving distance of the mobile terminal. 在地铁停车、确认其到站之前,处理器34 将地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离与所述移动终端的在地铁前次出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站。 Subway stop, before its arrival confirmation, processor 34 the distance between the sites of the driving range and the current location of the mobile terminal subway comparing movement distance after the previous subway station, if the difference in certain within the error range, it is determined that subway station. 所述移动终端的当前所在的行车区间为前次出站的站点和前面将要抵达的站点之间的区间。 The mobile terminal section located between the driving range of the previous station and in front of the station will get to the site of the current.

[0092] 若所述移动终端在地铁前一次出站后的移动距离显著小于所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则处理器34确定地铁为中途停车。 [0092] If the moving distance of a mobile terminal prior to the subway station is significantly less than the distance between the sites of the driving range of the mobile terminal is currently located, the processor 34 determines subway stop partway. 当地铁在中途停车后再次启动并停车时,处理器34将移动终端该再次启动并停车的移动距离与前次从地铁出站至地铁中途停车的移动距离相累加,作为所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离,再将所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则处理器34确定地铁到站;若前述的相加后的移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离仍然小于所述地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则仍然确定该次停车为中途停车。 When the subway stop and start again in the middle of the parking, the processor 34 of the mobile terminal starts again and stop the movement distance from the previous time the subway station to the mobile phase from the subway stop midway accumulated, as the mobile terminal subway the moving distance of the station, then the distance between the mobile station is currently located in the driving range with a mobile terminal from the mobile terminal after the comparison the subway station, if the difference is within a certain error range, the process 34 determines the subway station; when the mobile terminal after the addition is still less than the distance between the sites of the driving range is currently located in the underground movement distance after the subway station, it is still determined that the vehicle stopping halfway parking . 在确定地铁为中途停车后,将移动终端再次移动的移动距离与前次在地铁出站后的移动距离相加,作为移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离;将所述行车区间的站点之间的距离与相加得到的在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内则确定地铁到站;若前者仍然显著小于后者则继续计算移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离;依此循环,直至移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离与所述行车区间的站点之间的距离的差值在一定误差范围内,确定地铁到站。 After determining the subway stop partway, again the mobile terminal moves and the movement distance after the previous moving distance of the subway stations are added, as a moving distance of the mobile terminal after the subway station; the driving range of the site If the former is still significantly less than the latter continues to calculate the subway station in the mobile terminal; compare the distance between the moving distance of the subway station obtained by adding, if the difference value is determined within a certain error range subway station a moving distance; cycle so, the mobile terminal until the difference in distance between the mobile station and the distance from the driving range after the subway stations within a certain error range, determined subway station.

[0093] 若所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离显著大于所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则处理器34确定地铁为不停车过站。 [0093] If the moving distance of the mobile terminal after the subway station is significantly greater than the distance between the sites of the driving range of the mobile terminal is currently located, the processor 34 determines not to stop excessive subway station. 在确定地铁不停车过站后,再一次确定地铁停车时,将移动终端在前次地铁出站后的移动距离,与前次出站的站点与地铁行驶路线中前方其他站点的距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则处理器34 确定地铁到站,并确认当前地铁到达的站点。 When determining the subway station through without stopping, underground parking again determine the distance of movement of the mobile terminal after the last of the subway station, compared with the previous distance from the subway station and the outbound travel route in front of the other sites, If the difference is within a certain error range, the processor 34 determines the subway station, and confirms the current subway station arrives. 在这种情况下,不再采用前述的自起始站起,CN每确定地铁到站一次,则向后推算一个站点的方法确认到达的站点。 In this case, no longer used from the starting of the stand, CN subway station is determined for each time, a method of estimating the back site of site arrival acknowledgment. 例如,若地铁从A站开出,途径B、C两站都没有停车,在D站进站停车时,确定地铁从A站开出后移动终端的移动距离与A、D两站距离的差值在一定误差范围内,则处理器34确定当前地铁到达的站点为D 站。 For example, if the subway station A from out, route B, C two stations do not stop, when the pit stop station D, and determining the moving distance A subway station moves out from the terminal A, the difference between the two stations distance D value within a certain error range, the processor 34 determines that the current subway station to reach the station D. 若地铁行驶路线中前方其他站点中没有相匹配的站点,则处理器34确定地铁为中途停车,接下来的导航方式与前述的关于地铁中途停车的导航方式一致,不再赘述。 If the travel route in front of the subway station in another site not match, the processor 34 determines as underground pit stop, consistent with the subsequent navigation of the navigation on the underground pit stop, is omitted.

[0094] 通过以上方案的实施,解决了在使用本实施例的移动终端进行地铁线路导航时, 地铁中途停车或不停车过站导致导航不准确的问题,提高了地铁导航精度。 [0094] By implementing the above program, it solves the subway line when this embodiment is used to navigate a mobile terminal, subway stop or not stop halfway through the station results in inaccurate navigation problems and improve the accuracy of navigation subway.

[0095] 可选的,在确认地铁到达的站点后,处理器34和输出装置35为用户导航的方式有多种:可以不对用户显示地铁行驶路线,在地铁到站时对用户发出到站提醒,发出振动或声音通知,并在屏幕上显示到达的站点名称;可以是在地铁到达目的站时,以振动或声音通知的方式对用户发出下车提醒;也可以向用户显示地铁行驶路线、出发的站点和到达的站点, 进行简单的全程导航等等,从而使得用户在听音乐、看电影或其他活动时即使获知当前到达的地铁站点并获得提醒,避免乘坐地铁过站等。 [0095] Optionally, after confirming the subway station arrives, processor 34 and output means 35 for the user to navigate a variety of ways: the user may not be displayed subway travel route, the user alert issued during the train to the station , vibrate or sound notifications, and displays the site name on the screen to reach; you can arrive at the destination at the time of the subway station, in a manner of vibration or sound notifications to remind users sent off; subway travel route can also be displayed to the user, starting site and reach the site, simple navigation, and so the entire process, so that the user is listening to music, even when informed of the current reach of the subway station when watching movies or other events and get reminders, to avoid over-ride the subway station.

[0096] 需要说明的是,本发明实施例中的加速度传感器32和处理器34、可以采用单独的硬件模块来实现,也可以是集成在一起的一个微处理器,还可以是集成在主芯片中的功能模块。 [0096] Incidentally, an acceleration sensor according to Embodiment 32 of the present invention and the processor 34 may be employed to implement a separate hardware module, may be integrated with a microprocessor, it may also be integrated in the master chip the functional modules. 本发明实施例中的存储器31可以是专用的存储器,也可以是一个较大容量存储器中的一部分存储空间,还可以是与所述核心网管理实体连接的外接存储器,例如安全数码(Security Digital,SD)卡。 Example embodiments of the present invention the memory 31 may be a dedicated memory, may be a part of a larger memory capacity of the memory space, the memory may also be connected to an external management entity of the core network, such as a secure digital (Security Digital, SD) card.

[0097] 本实施例中,输入装置33获取用户输入的起始站和目的站后,处理器34根据存储器31存储的地铁线路信息,计算地铁行驶路线,加速度传感器32在地铁行驶过程中实时获取移动终端的加速度,处理器34对该加速度进行计算得出移动终端的实时移动速度,并根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站,然后根据所述地铁行驶路线确认地铁到达的站点,为用户导航,当所述地铁行驶路线还包括地铁行驶方向时,则通过方向传感器36实时获取移动终端的移动方向,若所述移动方向与所述地铁行驶方向不符,则处理器34 生成错误提示;当所述地铁行驶路线还包括站点之间的距离时,处理器34对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动距离,在地铁停车,确定地铁到站之前,处理器34将所述地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离 [0097] In this embodiment, the input device 33 to obtain the starting and a destination input by the user, the subway line information processor 34 memory 31 stores the calculated travel route subway, subway acceleration sensor 32 acquired in real time during running acceleration of the mobile terminal, real time processor 34 the acceleration calculated moving velocity of the mobile terminal, and the change of the moving speed of the mobile terminal, determining subway station, and in accordance with the arrival confirmation underground metro travel route site, for users to navigate, when the travel route further includes underground metro travel direction, the moving direction of the mobile terminal acquired in real time by the direction sensor 36 does not match if the moving direction of the traveling direction the subway, the processor 34 generates error; subway when the travel route further includes a distance between sites, processor 34 of the mobile speed of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at a moving distance of the mobile terminal, on the subway stop, subway station before determination processing the distance between the driving range of the site 34 where the current subway 与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则处理器34确定地铁到站;若显著不符,则不认为地铁到站。 The mobile terminal moving distance of the subway station after the comparison, if the difference is within a certain error range, the processor 34 determines the subway station; if significant discrepancies, the subway station is not considered. 通过本实施例的应用,可以在GPS卫星信号不佳的地铁中进行导航,弥补了地铁中的导航盲区,并且这种地铁导航方式利用了地铁行驶速度的变化规律,无需复杂的计算、精密的地图和仪器,功耗较小,此外还解决了由于地铁中途停车、用户乘坐了错误方向的地铁导致的地铁导航错误问题,提高了地铁导航的精度。 , May be performed by applying the present embodiment in poor GPS satellite signal navigation subway, subway makes up navigation in the blind, and this navigation underground subway use the variation of the traveling speed, without complicated calculations, precision map and equipment, less power consumption, in addition to solve the problems due to navigation errors metro subway stop half-way, the user takes the wrong direction due to the subway, to improve the accuracy of navigation subway.

[0098] 实施例四 [0098] Fourth Embodiment

[0099] 参考图5,本发明实施例四提供了另一种移动终端,在用户携带移动终端乘坐地铁时,可以通过所述移动终端进行地铁导航,包括以下结构: [0099] Referring to FIG 5, according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention provides another mobile terminal, when the user carrying the mobile terminal subway, subway can navigate through the mobile terminal, the structure comprising:

[0100] 存储器41、定位器42、加速度传感器43、方向传感器44、处理器45、输出装置46, 其中, [0100] The memory 41, the positioner 42, an acceleration sensor 43, a direction sensor 44, processor 45, output device 46, wherein,

[0101] 所述存储器41,用于存储地铁线路信息; The [0101] memory 41 for storing the subway line information;

[0102] 所述定位器42,用于获取所述移动终端的位置信息;[0103] 所述加速度传感器43,用于实时获取所述移动终端的加速度; [0102] The retainer 42 is configured to acquire location information of the mobile terminal; [0103] The acceleration sensor 43, acceleration of the mobile terminal for acquiring in real time;

[0104] 所述方向传感器44,用于获取所述移动终端的移动方向; [0104] The direction sensor 44, for acquiring a moving direction of the mobile terminal;

[0105] 所述处理器45,用于根据所述定位器42获取的移动终端的位置信息确认起始站; 对所述加速度传感器43实时获取的加速度进行计算,得到移动终端的移动速度;根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站;根据确认的起始站、所述存储器41存储的地铁线路信息和所述方向传感器44获取的移动终端的移动方向,确认地铁到达的站点,生成导航信息; [0105] The processor 45, to confirm the start position information of the mobile station according to the positioning terminal 42 is acquired; of acceleration of the acceleration sensor 43 acquired in real time has been calculated, the moving speed of the mobile terminal; according the change in movement speed of the mobile terminal, determining the subway station; based on the acknowledgment of the starting station, the moving direction of the mobile terminal and the information of the subway line direction sensor 44 of the memory 41 stores the acquired confirmation arrives subway station generating navigation information;

[0106] 所述输出装置46,用于输出所述导航信息,为用户导航。 [0106] The output means 46 for outputting the navigation information, to user navigation.

[0107] 具体的装置操作流程如下: [0107] Specific apparatus procedure is as follows:

[0108] 在用户乘坐地铁之前,由于此时是有卫星信号,或者可以通过其他方式进行定位的,由定位器42通过卫星定位、小区定位或者无线保真WiFi定位等方式,确认移动终端所在的坐标位置,再由处理器45通过所述的坐标位置,确认用户将要乘坐地铁的起始站。 [0108] Before subway user, since this time is the satellite signal, or may be otherwise positioned by the positioner 42 through the positioning satellite, wireless fidelity, or WiFi cell location positioning mode, confirm that the mobile terminal is located coordinate position, then the processor 45 by the coordinate position, the user will have to take to confirm the start of the subway station. 用户携带移动终端乘坐地铁时,方向传感器44实时获取移动终端的移动方向,以确定地铁的实时行驶方向。 When the user carrying the mobile terminal subway, the direction sensor 44 acquired in real time the moving direction of the mobile terminal, real-time to determine the traveling direction of the subway. 加速度传感器43实时获取移动终端的加速度,并由处理器45根据公式“速度=加速度*时间”,以时间为变量,对移动终端的加速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动速度。 The acceleration sensor 43 acquires the acceleration of the mobile terminal in real time by the processor 45 formula "acceleration = velocity * time", time-variable, the acceleration of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at the mobile terminal according to the moving speed.

[0109] 由于移动终端在地铁上时,其相对于地面的移动速度基本等于地铁的行驶速度, 通过实时获取移动终端的移动速度的变化,并利用地铁行驶速度的变化规律,即可对地铁出站和到站的情况进行确定。 [0109] Since the mobile terminal at the subway, with respect to the ground substantially equal to the moving speed of the running speed of the subway, acquired in real time by a change in the moving speed of the mobile terminal, using the traveling speed variation of the subway, on the subway can and a station where the station is determined. 可选的,一种确定方式是,在对移动终端的移动速度监测的过程中,若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则处理器45确定地铁启动;在起点站,确定地铁启动时,则处理器45确定所述地铁出站;在非起点站,确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则处理器45确定地铁出站;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则处理器45确定地铁停车到站。 Alternatively, a method of determining the way, during the movement speed of the mobile terminal is monitored, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal is increased from 0 to more than a first threshold, the processor 45 determines Metro started; starting point in determining subway starts, the processor 45 determines the subway station; non starting point, when the train to start again after the determination, the processor 45 determines the subway station; after determining the subway station, if the mobile terminal a moving speed lowered to below a second threshold, the processor 45 determines underground parking station. 所述的第一阈值可以是大于0且接近于地铁正常行驶速度的一个速度值,或者是大于用户步行或奔跑的一个速度值;所述的第二阈值可以等于0或者大于0且低于地铁正常行驶速度的一个速度值,第二阈值不等于0的作用是可以在地铁行驶速度完全为0即地铁完全停止之前确定地铁到站,并在步骤24中为用户导航,以使得用户有充足的时间准备下车或提前知道下一站即将到达,提高用户体验。 The first threshold may be greater than 0 and a speed value close to the normal speed subway or greater than a user walking or running speed value; the second threshold value may be equal to or greater than 0 and less than 0 Metro a normal speed travel speed value, the second threshold value is not equal to 0 may effect the subway i.e. the traveling speed is zero is determined entirely underground metro station prior to a complete stop, and in step 24 the user navigation, so that the user has sufficient time to prepare ahead of time to know the next stop to get off or about to arrive, improve the user experience.

[0110] 存储器41存储的地铁线路信息包括各个地铁站点、各个地铁站点的连接关系和各个地铁站点的连接方向。 Subway line information [0110] stored in the memory 41 includes respective connecting direction subway stations, subway stations connection relationship of each respective and subway stations. 例如,从起始站起,在处理器45第一次确定地铁到站时,根据移动终端的移动方向和站点之间的连接关系和连接方向,处理器45确定与起始站的连接方向和所述移动终端的移动方向一致的站点为第二站;在处理器45第二次确定地铁到站时, 根据移动终端的移动方向和站点之间的连接关系和连接方向,处理器45确定与第二站的连接方向和所述移动终端的移动方向一致的站点为第三站;依次计算,生成相应的导航信息,直至用户下车。 For example, starting from the stand, when the processor 45 determines first subway station, and the connection according to the connection relationship between the direction and the moving direction of the mobile terminal station connected to the processor 45 determines the direction and the starting station consistent with the moving direction of the mobile station to the second terminal station; when the processor 45 determines the second subway station, and the connection according to the connection relationship between the direction and the moving direction of the mobile terminal station, and the processor 45 determines consistent direction of the connection direction of movement of the second station and the third station of the mobile terminal station; sequentially calculated to generate corresponding navigation information until the user off.

[0111] 需要说明的是,用户在换乘站换乘地铁时,移动终端也会有跟用户一样的移动速度。 [0111] Incidentally, when the user transfers the subway transfer station, the mobile terminal will have the same with the moving speed of the user. 这个移动速度一般无法达到上述的第一阈值或第二阈值,因此不会认为移动终端在用户换乘地铁时发生的移动是地铁的出站和到站。 The moving speed of the ships can not achieve the above-described first threshold or the second threshold value, it will not occur that the mobile terminal when the mobile user station and a transfer station is underground subway. 在用户换乘地铁后,继续进行地铁导航,从而使得本实施例可以应用于需要换乘的地铁线路导航。 After the user take subway, subway navigation proceeds, so that the circuit of the present embodiment can be applied to transfer to the navigation Metro embodiment.

[0112] 可选的,可以在上述移动终端中引入导航纠错机制,具体包括:[0113] 存储器41存储的地铁线路信息包括各个地铁站点、各个地铁站点的连接关系和各个地铁站点的连接方向,还包括站点之间的距离。 [0112] Alternatively, a navigation error correction mechanism can be introduced in the above mobile terminal, comprises: the subway line information [0113] stored in the memory 41 includes respective connecting direction subway stations, subway stations connection relationship of each respective and subway stations further comprising a distance between sites. 地铁启动时,处理器45获取的移动终端的移动速度不为0时,处理器45可以根据公式“距离=速度*时间”,以时间为变量,对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动距离。 Subway starts, the moving speed of the mobile terminal acquired by processor 45 is not 0, the processor 45 according to the formula "distance = velocity * time", time-variable, the moving speed of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at a moving distance of the mobile terminal. 由于在地铁行驶过程中,所述移动终端的移动距离基本等于地铁的行驶距离,因此可以根据移动终端的移动距离得出地铁的行驶距离。 Since the process of moving in the subway, the distance of movement of the mobile terminal is substantially equal to the travel distance subway, subway can be obtained according to a travel distance of the moving distance of the mobile terminal. 在地铁停车、确认其到站之前,处理器45将移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离与所述移动终端的在地铁前次出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则处理器45确定地铁到站。 Subway stop, before the station confirmed, distance between the mobile station driving range of the processor 45 to the mobile terminal is currently located with the mobile terminal after the last underground outbound comparison, if the difference in within a certain error range, the processor 45 determines the subway station. 所述地铁当前所在的行车区间为前次出站的站点和前面将要抵达的站点之间的区间。 The interval between the driving range for the site and located in front of the station to be the previous site underground current arrival.

[0114] 若所述移动终端在地铁前一次出站后的移动距离显著小于所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则处理器45确定地铁为中途停车。 [0114] If the moving distance of a mobile terminal prior to the subway station is significantly less than the distance between the sites of the driving range of the mobile terminal is currently located, the processor 45 determines subway stop partway. 当地铁在中途停车后再次启动并停车时,处理器45将移动终端该再次启动并停车的移动距离与前次从地铁出站至地铁中途停车的移动距离相加,作为所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离,再将所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则处理器45确定地铁到站;若前述的相加后的移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离仍然小于地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则处理器45仍然确定该次停车为中途停车。 When the moving distance of the subway stop and start again in the middle of the parking, the processor 45 of the mobile terminal starts again and stop moving distance of the station from the previous pit stop Metro Subway adding to as the mobile terminal subway the moving distance of the station, then the distance between the mobile station is currently located in the driving range with a mobile terminal from the mobile terminal after the comparison the subway station, if the difference is within a certain error range, the process 45 determines the subway station; when the mobile terminal after the addition is still less than the distance between the sites of the driving range is currently located in the moving distance of the underground metro station, the processor 45 determines that the time is still halfway parking parking. 在处理器45确定地铁为中途停车后,将移动终端再次移动的移动距离与前次在地铁出站后的移动距离累加,作为在地铁出站后的移动距离; 将所述行车区间的站点之间的距离与累加得到在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内则处理器45确定地铁到站;若前者仍然显著小于后者,则处理器45继续计算移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离;依此循环,直至移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离与所述行车区间的站点之间的距离的差值在一定误差范围内,处理器45确认地铁到站。 After the processor 45 determines subway stop partway, again the mobile terminal moves and the movement distance after the previous moving distance of the subway station accumulated as the moving distance of the subway station; the driving range of the site and the distance between the accumulated moving distance obtained in the subway station after the comparison, if the difference is within a certain error range processor 45 determines the subway station; if the former is still significantly smaller than the latter, the processor 45 calculates the mobile terminal continues to movement distance after the subway station; cycle so, the mobile terminal until the difference in distance between the mobile station distance from the driving range after the subway stations within a certain error range, the processor 45 checks to subway station.

[0115] 若所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离显著大于所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则处理器45确定地铁为不停车过站。 [0115] When the mobile terminal moves from the subway station after the mobile terminal is significantly larger than the distance between the site where the driving range, the processor 45 determines not to stop excessive subway station. 在确定地铁不停车过站后,处理器45再一次确定地铁停车时,将移动终端在前次地铁出站后的移动距离,与地铁前次出站的站点和在移动终端的移动方向上的其他站点的距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则处理器45确定地铁到站,并确认当前地铁到达的站点。 After determining the subway station through without stopping, processor 45 again determines subway stop, the distance of movement of the mobile terminal in the previous after the subway station, subway station and the last station and in the moving direction of the mobile terminal from other sites were compared, if the difference is within a certain error range, the processor 45 determines the subway station, and confirms the current subway station arrives. 例如,若地铁从A站开出,途经B、C两站都没有停车,在D站进站停车时,处理器45确定地铁从A站开出后移动终端的移动距离与A、D两站距离的差值在一定误差范围内,则确定当前地铁到达的站点为D 站。 For example, if out of the subway station A, via B, C two stations do not stop, when the pit stop in station D, the processor 45 determines the movement distance A subway station moves out from the terminal A, two stations D distance difference within a specific error range, it is determined that the current subway station to D station arrives. 若地铁行驶路线中前方其他站点中没有相匹配的站点,则处理器45确定地铁为中途停车,接下来的导航方式与前述的关于地铁中途停车的导航方式一致,不再赘述。 If the travel route in front of the underground sites other sites do not match, the processor 45 determines as underground pit stop, consistent with the subsequent navigation of the navigation on the underground pit stop, is omitted.

[0116] 通过以上方案的实施,解决了在使用本实施例的移动终端进行导航时,地铁中途停车或不停车过站导致导航不准确的问题,提高了地铁导航精度。 [0116] By implementing the above embodiment, the navigation solution when using a mobile terminal according to the present embodiment, subway stop or not stop halfway through the station results in inaccurate navigation problems and improve the accuracy of navigation subway.

[0117] 可选的,确认地铁到达的站点后,处理器45和输出装置46为用户导航的方式有多种:可以不对用户显示地铁行驶路线,在地铁到站时对用户发出到站提醒,发出振动或声音通知,并在屏幕上显示到达的站点名称;也可以向用户显示地铁行驶路线、出发的站点和到达的站点,进行简单的全程导航等等,从而使得用户在听音乐、看电影或其他活动时即使获知当前到达的地铁站点并获得提醒,避免乘坐地铁过站等。 [0117] Alternatively, the subway station after confirmation arrives, the user 46 to navigate mode processor 45 and an output device for various reasons: the user may not be displayed subway travel route, the user alert issued during the train to the station, vibrate or sound notifications, and displays the site name on the screen to reach; subway travel route can also be displayed to the user, the site of departure and arrival site, simple navigation, and so the entire process, so that the user is listening to music, watching movies or even informed of other activities when the current reaches the subway station and get reminders, to avoid over-ride the subway station.

[0118] 本实施例中,在处理器45与定位器42确认起始站后,在地铁行驶过程中方向传感器44获取其移动方向,由加速度传感器43实时获取移动终端的加速度,处理器45对所述加速度计算得到移动终端的移动速度,并根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站,然后根据存储器41存储的地铁线路信息和方向传感器44获取的移动终端的移动方向,确认地铁到达的站点,为用户导航,当所述地铁线路信息还包括站点之间的距离时,处理器45对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动距离,在地铁停车,确定地铁到站之前,处理器45将所述移动终端当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则处理器45确定地铁到站;若显著不符,则不认为地铁到站。 [0118] In this embodiment, after the processor 45 and the retainer 42 to confirm the starting station, the direction sensor 44 acquired in the moving direction thereof underground driving, acceleration of the mobile terminal acquired by the acceleration sensor 43 in real time, the processor 45 pairs the calculated acceleration speed of the mobile terminal and the change of the moving speed of the mobile terminal, subway station is determined, and then the movement direction of the mobile terminal and the subway line information memory 41 stores the direction sensor 44 acquired confirmation subway station arriving for user navigation, when the subway line information further includes a distance between sites, processor 45 of the mobile speed of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at a moving distance of the mobile terminal, on the subway stop, OK before the train to the processor 45 to the distance between the mobile station is currently located driving range of the terminal, the mobile terminal compared with the movement distance of the subway station, if the difference is within a certain error range, the processor 45 determines the subway station; if significant discrepancies, the subway station is not considered. 通过本实施例的应用,可以在GPS卫星信号不佳的地铁中进行导航,弥补了地铁中的导航盲区,并且这种地铁导航方式利用了地铁行驶速度的变化规律,无需复杂的计算、精密的地图和仪器,功耗较小,此外还解决了由于地铁中途停车、用户乘坐了错误方向的地铁导致的地铁导航错误问题,提高了地铁导航的精度,并且本方法无需用户对起始站和目的站进行设置,用户体验更佳。 , May be performed by applying the present embodiment in poor GPS satellite signal navigation subway, subway makes up navigation in the blind, and this navigation underground subway use the variation of the traveling speed, without complicated calculations, precision map and equipment, less power consumption, in addition to solve the problems due to navigation errors metro subway stop half-way, the user takes the wrong direction due to the subway, to improve the accuracy of navigation subway, and this method does not require the user to start and destination station station set up, the user experience better.

[0119] 需要说明的是,本发明实施例中的定位器42、加速度传感器43、方向传感器44、处理器45可以采用单独的硬件模块来实现,也可以是集成在一起的一个微处理器,还可以是集成在主芯片中的功能模块。 [0119] Incidentally, in the embodiment of retainer 42 embodiment of the invention, an acceleration sensor 43, a direction sensor 44, processor 45 may be employed to implement a separate hardware module, it may be integrated with a microprocessor, It may also be integrated in the main chip functional modules. 本发明实施例中的存储器41可以是专用的存储器,也可以是一个较大容量存储器中的一部分存储空间,还可以是与所述核心网管理实体连接的外接存储器,例如安全数码(Security Digital, SD)卡。 Example embodiments of the present invention the memory 41 may be a dedicated memory, may be a part of a larger memory capacity of the memory space, the memory may also be connected to an external management entity of the core network, such as a secure digital (Security Digital, SD) card.

[0120] 本领域的技术人员可以理解:实施例中的终端的模块或实体可以按照实施例的描述分布于实施例的终端中,也可以进行相应变化位于不同于本实施例的一个或多个设备中。 [0120] Those skilled in the art will appreciate: entity or module of the embodiment of a terminal as described in Example embodiments may be distributed to the terminal of the embodiment may be performed which are different from one case to the present embodiment or a plurality of device. 上述实施例的模块或实体可以合并成一个模块或实体,也可以进一步拆分成多个子模块或实体。 Entity or module of the above-described embodiments may be combined into one module or entity, or may be divided into a plurality of sub-modules or entities.

[0121] 在上述实施例中,对各个实施例的描述都各有侧重,某个实施例中没有详述的部分,可以参见其他实施例的相关描述。 [0121] In the above embodiment, the description of the various embodiments have different emphases, certain embodiments not detailed in part, be related descriptions in other embodiments.

[0122] 本领域的技术人员可以理解:附图只是一个优选实施例的示意图,附图中的模块、 实体或流程并不一定是实施本发明所必需的。 [0122] Those skilled in the art can understand: the drawings are merely schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment, and the module, entity or process is not necessarily required for the present embodiment of the invention.

[0123] 通过以上的实施方式的描述,所属领域的技术人员可以清楚地了解到本发明可借助软件加必需的通用硬件平台的方式来实现,当然也可以通过硬件,但很多情况下前者是更佳的实施方式。 [0123] By the above described embodiments, those skilled in the art may clearly understand that the present invention may be implemented by software plus a necessary universal hardware platform, also be implemented by hardware, but the former is in many cases more good embodiments. 基于这样的理解,本发明的技术方案本质上或者说对现有技术做出贡献的部分可以以软件产品的形式体现出来,该计算机软件产品存储在可读取的存储介质中, 如计算机的软盘,硬盘或光盘等,包括若干指令用以使得一台计算机设备(可以是个人计算机,服务器,或者网络设备等)执行本发明各个实施例所述的方法。 Based on such understanding, the technical solutions of the present invention in essence or the part contributing to the prior art may be embodied in a software product out, in the storage medium may be readable, such as a floppy disk of the computer software product is stored and the like, a hard disk or optical disk, and include several instructions that enable a computer device (may be a personal computer, a server, or network device) to execute the methods according to embodiments of the present invention.

[0124] 以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换;而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明各实施例技术方案的精神和范围。 [0124] Example embodiments above are intended to illustrate the present invention, rather than limiting;. Although the present invention has been described in detail embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood: each of the foregoing which still the technical solutions described in the embodiments may be modified, or some technical features equivalents; as such modifications or replacements do not cause the essence of corresponding technical solutions to depart from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (24)

  1. 1. 一种地铁线路导航方法,其特征在于,包括:定义起始站和目的站,根据存储的地铁线路信息,计算地铁行驶路线;实时获取移动终端的移动速度,并根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站;根据所述地铁行驶路线,确认地铁到达的站点,为用户导航。 A navigation method subway lines, characterized by comprising: defining a start and a destination, according to the stored information subway line, the subway travel route is calculated; real-time access speed of the mobile terminal and the mobile terminal in accordance with change of moving speed determining subway station; travel route according to the subway, subway station arrival acknowledgment for user navigation.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述实时获取移动终端的移动速度包括: 实时获取移动终端的加速度;以时间为变量,对移动终端的加速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动速度。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said real-time access speed of the mobile terminal comprising: an acceleration of the mobile terminal acquired in real time; time as a variable, the acceleration of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at the mobile moving speed of the terminal.
  3. 3.如权利要求1或2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述地铁行驶路线包括:地铁经过的站点和经过顺序; 所述确定地铁到站包括:若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则确定地铁启动;在起点站,确定地铁启动时,则确定所述地铁出站;在非起点站,确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则确定地铁出站;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则确定地铁停车;确定地铁停车时,则确定所述地铁到站。 3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that said metro travel route comprising: a subway station and passes through the sequence; determining the subway station comprising: if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal is increased from 0 to exceeds the first threshold value, it is determined that subway promoter; the starting point, determining the subway started, it is determined that the outbound Metro; non-starting point in determining when to start again the subway station, it is determined that subway station; in after determining the subway station, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal drops below a second threshold value, it is determined that subway stop; subway stop is determined, it is determined that the subway station.
  4. 4.如权利要求1或2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述地铁行驶路线包括:地铁经过的站点、经过顺序和站点之间的距离; 所述确定地铁到站包括:若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则确定地铁启动; 在起点站,确定地铁启动时,则确定所述地铁出站; 在非起点站,确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则确定地铁出站; 在确定地铁出站后,以时间为变量,对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,计算移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则确定地铁停车; 若确定地铁停车,则将地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站。 4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that said metro travel route comprising: passing subway station, over a distance between the sequence and the site; determining the subway station comprising: if the mobile terminal moving speed is increased from 0 to more than a first threshold value, it is determined that subway promoter; the starting point, determining the subway started, it is determined that the outbound Metro; in the non-starting point, after determining that the subway station to start again, determining the subway station; after determining the subway station, time-variable, the movement speed of the mobile terminal calculated by integrating the moving distance of the mobile terminal after the subway station; after determining the subway station, if the mobile terminal moves speed drops below a second threshold value, it is determined that subway stop; if the distance between the subway stop, the driving range will subway stations currently located is determined, compared with the mobile terminal after the movement distance of the subway station, If the difference is within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station.
  5. 5.如权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于,所述确定地铁到站还包括:若所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离显著小于地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则确定地铁为中途停车;将地铁在中途停车后再次启动至停车的所述移动终端的移动距离,与前述的移动终端的移动距离累加,作为所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离;将所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离,与地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站。 5. The method according to claim 4, wherein said determining subway station further comprising: if the moving distance of the mobile terminal in the subway station is significantly less than the current driving range between sites located subway distance, it is determined that subway stop partway; Metro will again start after parking to the middle of a moving distance of the mobile terminal parking, the accumulated moving distance of the mobile terminal as the mobile terminal moves out of the subway station distance; the distance of the mobile terminal in a mobile station after the subway, compared with the distance between the sites of the driving range is currently located underground, if the difference is within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station.
  6. 6.如权利要求4或5所述的方法,其特征在于,所述确定地铁到站还包括:若所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离显著大于地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,则确定地铁为不停车过站;在地铁不停车过站后,确定地铁停车时,将移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离,与地铁前次出站的站点和地铁行驶路线中前方其他站点的距离分别进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站,并确认当前地铁到达的站点。 6. A method as claimed in claim 4 or claim 5, wherein said determining subway station further comprising: if the mobile terminal is significantly greater than the current driving range of the subway stations located in the moving distance after the subway station distance, it is determined not to stop through the subway station; not stop through the subway station, subway stop is determined, the moving distance of the mobile terminal after the subway station, subway station site and the last travel route subway distance in front of the other sites are compared, if the difference is within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station, and confirms the current subway station arrives.
  7. 7.如权利要求3至5任意一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述确认地铁到达的站点具体为:根据所述地铁行驶路线,自起始站起,每确定地铁到站一次,则向后推算一个站点,从而确认当前地铁到达的站点。 7. The method of any one of claims 3 to 5, wherein the acknowledgment arrives metro station is specifically: travel route based on the subway, starting from the stand, each determining a subway station, then back calculate a site to confirm the current metro station arrived.
  8. 8.如权利要求1至7任意一项所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述地铁行驶路线包括地铁行驶方向;所述方法还包括:获取移动终端的移动方向,若所述移动终端的移动方向与所述地铁行驶方向不符,则向用户发出错误提示。 If the movement of the mobile terminal acquires the moving direction of the mobile terminal, and: the method further comprises; 8. The method as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that, the travel route includes a Metro Subway traveling direction direction and the direction of travel of the subway does not match, an error message is issued to the user.
  9. 9.如权利要求1至8任意一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述为用户导航包括:显示地铁行驶路线、显示到达的站点、发出到站提醒、发出下车提醒或发出换乘提醒。 9. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that, the navigation for a user comprising: a display driving subway route display reaches the site of the station issuing a reminder, or to remind issued transfers sent off remind.
  10. 10. 一种地铁线路导航方法,其特征在于,包括: 通过定位确认起始站;获取移动终端的移动方向;实时获取移动终端的移动速度,并根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站;根据存储的地铁线路信息和移动终端的移动方向,确认地铁到达的站点,为用户导航。 A navigation method subway lines, characterized by comprising: positioning was confirmed by the initiator station; obtain a moving direction of the mobile terminal; real-time access speed of the mobile terminal and the moving speed of the mobile terminal changes, is determined subway station; moving direction information stored in the subway line and a mobile terminal, arrival confirmation subway station, to user navigation.
  11. 11.如权利要求10所述的方法,其特征在于,所述实时获取移动终端的移动速度包括: 实时获取移动终端的加速度;以时间为变量,对移动终端的加速度进行积分,从而得出移动终端的移动速度。 11. The method according to claim 10, wherein said real-time access speed of the mobile terminal comprising: an acceleration of the mobile terminal acquired in real time; time as a variable, the acceleration of the mobile terminal integrating, to arrive at the mobile moving speed of the terminal.
  12. 12.如权利要求10或11所述的方法,其特征在于,所述地铁线路信息包括:各个地铁站点、各个地铁站点的连接关系和各个地铁站点的连接方向;所述确定地铁到站包括:若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则确定地铁启动;在起点站,确定地铁启动时,则确定所述地铁出站;在非起点站,确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则确定地铁出站;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则确定地铁停车;确定地铁停车时,则确定所述地铁到站。 12. The method of claim 10 or claim 11, characterized in that, the subway line information comprises: a connection direction of each subway stations, subway stations connection relationship of each respective and subway stations; determining the subway station comprising: If the moving speed of the mobile terminal from 0 rises above a first threshold value, it is determined that subway promoter; the starting point, determining the subway started, it is determined that the outbound Metro; non-starting point in determining the subway station again when starting, it is determined that subway station; after determining the subway station, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal drops below a second threshold value, it is determined that subway stop; subway stop is determined, it is determined that the subway station.
  13. 13.如权利要求10或11所述的方法,其特征在于,所述地铁线路信息包括:各个地铁站点、各个地铁站点的连接关系、各个地铁站点的连接方向和各个站点之间的距离; 所述确定地铁到站包括:若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则确定地铁启动; 在起点站,确定地铁启动时,则确定所述地铁出站; 在非起点站,确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则确定地铁出站; 在确定地铁出站后,以时间为变量,对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,计算移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则确定地铁停车; 若确定地铁停车,则将地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站。 13. The method of claim 10 or claim 11, characterized in that, the subway line information comprises: the distance between each subway stations, subway stations connected to the respective relation, the connection direction of each subway stations and each site; the determining said subway station comprising: if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal is increased from 0 to more than a first threshold value, it is determined that subway promoter; the starting point, determining the subway started, it is determined that the outbound Metro; non-starting point in determining the subway station start again, it is determined that subway station; after determining the subway station to a variable time, the moving speed of the mobile terminal calculated by integrating the moving distance of the mobile terminal after the subway station; in after determining the subway station, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal drops below a second threshold value, it is determined that subway stop; if the distance between the subway stop, the driving range is currently located will determine subway stations, and the mobile terminal after comparing the moving distance of the subway station, if the difference is within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station.
  14. 14.如权利要求10至13任意一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述确认地铁到达的站点具体为:自所述起始站起,每确定地铁到站一次,则根据获取的移动终端的移动方向和所述地铁线路信息,确认当前地铁到达的站点。 14. The method according to any one of claims 10 to 13, wherein the acknowledgment arrives subway station specifically is: starting from the stand, each determining a subway station, according to the acquired mobile terminal and the moving direction of the subway line information, to confirm the current subway station arrives.
  15. 15.如权利要求10至14任意一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述为用户导航包括:显示地铁行驶的路线、显示到达的站点或发出到站提醒。 15. A method according to any one of claims 10 to 14, characterized in that, the navigation for a user comprising: a display subway route traveled, reach the site displayed or given alert station.
  16. 16. 一种移动终端,其特征在于,包括:存储器(31)、加速度传感器(32)、输入装置(33)、处理器(34)、输出装置(35),其中,所述存储器(31),用于存储地铁线路信息; 所述加速度传感器(32),用于实时获取移动终端的加速度; 所述输入装置(33),用于接收用户输入的起始站和目的站的信息; 所述处理器(34),用于根据所述输入装置(33)接收的起始站和目的站的信息,定义起始站和目的站;根据定义的起始站和目的站,以及所述存储器(31)存储的地铁线路信息进行计算,得到地铁行驶路线;对所述加速度传感器(32)获取的所述移动终端的加速度进行计算,得到所述移动终端的移动速度;根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站;根据所述地铁行驶路线,确认地铁到达的站点,生成导航信息; 所述输出装置(35),用于输出所述导航信息 16. A mobile terminal, comprising: a memory (31), an acceleration sensor (32), input means (33), a processor (34), output means (35), wherein said memory (31) , subway line for storing information; said acceleration sensor (32) for acquiring an acceleration of the mobile terminal in real time; said input means (33) for starting and a destination information receiving user input; the a processor (34), (33) for starting and a destination information received, define the start and a destination according to said input means; according to the defined start and a destination, and the memory ( 31) subway line stored information has been calculated, subway travel route; acceleration of the mobile terminal of the acceleration sensor (32) obtained was calculated to obtain the moving speed of the mobile terminal; according to the movement of the mobile terminal the rate of change is determined subway station; based on the travel route subway, subway station acknowledgment arrives, generates navigation information; said output means (35) for outputting the navigation information 为用户导航。 For users to navigate.
  17. 17.如权利要求16所述的移动终端,其特征在于,所述地铁行驶路线包括:地铁经过的站点和经过顺序; 所述处理器(34)确定地铁到站包括:若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则确定地铁启动;在起点站,确定地铁启动时,则确定所述地铁出站;在非起点站,确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则确定地铁出站;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则确定地铁停车;确定地铁停车时,则确定所述地铁到站。 17. The mobile terminal according to claim 16, characterized in that said metro travel route comprising: the subway station and passes through the sequence; and the processor (34) determining the subway station comprising: if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal rose from 0 to exceed the first threshold, it is determined that subway promoter; the starting point, determining the subway started, it is determined that the outbound Metro; non starting point, start again to determine the subway station, it is determined that subway outbound; after determining the subway station, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal drops below a second threshold value, it is determined that subway stop; subway stop is determined, it is determined that the subway station.
  18. 18.如权利要求16所述的移动终端,其特征在于,所述地铁行驶路线包括:地铁经过的站点、经过顺序和站点之间的距离; 所述处理器(34)确定地铁到站包括:若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则确定地铁启动; 在起点站,确定地铁启动时,则确定所述地铁出站; 在非起点站,确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则确定地铁出站; 在确定地铁出站后,以时间为变量,对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,计算移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则确定地铁停车; 若确定地铁停车,则将地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站。 18. The mobile terminal according to claim 16, characterized in that said metro travel route comprising: passing subway station, over a distance between the sequence and the site; the processor (34) determining the subway station comprising: If the moving speed of the mobile terminal from 0 rises above a first threshold value, it is determined that subway promoter; the starting point, determining the subway started, it is determined that the outbound Metro; non-starting point in determining the subway station again when starting, it is determined that the subway station; after determining the subway station, time-variable, the movement speed of the mobile terminal calculated by integrating the moving distance of the mobile terminal after the subway station; after determining the subway station, if the moving speed of the mobile terminal drops below a second threshold value, it is determined that subway stop; if the distance between the subway stop, the driving range will subway stations currently located is determined, and the movement of the mobile terminal after the subway station from the comparison, if the difference is within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station.
  19. 19.如权利要求16至18任意一项所述的移动终端,其特征在于,所述处理器(34)确认地铁到达的站点具体为:根据所述地铁行驶路线,自起始站起, 每确定地铁到站一次,则向后推算一个站点,从而确认当前地铁到达的站点。 As claimed in claim 16 to 18 in any one of the mobile terminal, wherein said processor (34) to confirm arrival of the subway station is specifically: travel route based on the subway, starting from the stand, each determining a subway station, then back calculate a site to confirm the current metro station arrived.
  20. 20.如权利要求16至19任意一项所述的移动终端,其特征在于,还包括: 方向传感器(36),用于获取移动终端的移动方向;所述处理器(34)将所述方向传感器获取的移动终端的移动方向与所述地铁行驶路线中包含的地铁行驶方向进行比对,若不符则向用户发出错误提示。 The direction of the processor (34); orientation sensor (36) for acquiring a moving direction of the mobile terminal: 20. claimed in any of claims 16 to 19 one of the mobile terminal, characterized by further comprising the moving direction of the mobile terminal acquired by the sensor are aligned with the traveling direction of the underground metro travel route included, if the match error message is issued to the user.
  21. 21. —种移动终端,其特征在于,包括:存储器(41)、定位器(42)、加速度传感器(43)、 方向传感器(44)、处理器(45)、输出装置(46),其中,所述存储器(41),用于存储地铁线路信息; 所述定位器(42),用于获取所述移动终端的位置信息; 所述加速度传感器(43),用于实时获取所述移动终端的加速度; 所述方向传感器(44),用于获取所述移动终端的移动方向;所述处理器(45),用于根据所述定位器(42)获取的移动终端的位置信息确认起始站; 对所述加速度传感器(43)实时获取的加速度进行计算,得到移动终端的移动速度;根据所述移动终端的移动速度的变化,确定地铁到站;根据确认的起始站、所述存储器(41)存储的地铁线路信息和所述方向传感器(44)获取的移动终端的移动方向,确认地铁到达的站点,生成导航信息;所述输出装置(46),用 21. - kind of mobile terminal, comprising: a memory (41), the retainer (42), an acceleration sensor (43), a direction sensor (44), a processor (45), output means (46), wherein, the memory (41), for storing information of the subway line; said locator (42) for acquiring location information of the mobile terminal; said acceleration sensor (43) for acquiring in real time of the mobile terminal acceleration; the direction sensor (44) for acquiring a moving direction of the mobile terminal; and the processor (45) for (42) obtaining location information of a mobile terminal according to the confirmation of the start station locator ; the acceleration sensor (43) acquired in real time acceleration calculation, the speed of the mobile terminal; moving speed according to a change of the mobile terminal, determining the subway station; starting station based on the acknowledgment, the memory ( 41) the movement direction of the mobile terminal information and the subway line stored direction sensor (44) obtained was confirmed to reach the subway station, generating navigation information; said output means (46), with 输出所述导航信息,为用户导航。 Outputting the navigation information to user navigation.
  22. 22.如权利要求21所述的移动终端,其特征在于,所述地铁线路信息包括:各个地铁站点、各个地铁站点的连接关系和各个地铁站点的连接方向;所述处理器(45)确定地铁到站包括:若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则确定地铁启动;在起点站,确定地铁启动时,则确定所述地铁出站;在非起点站,确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则确定地铁出站;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则确定地铁停车;确定地铁停车时,则确定所述地铁到站。 22. The mobile terminal according to claim 21, characterized in that, the subway line information comprises: a connection direction of each subway stations, subway stations connection relationship of each respective and subway stations; and the processor (45) determines the subway station comprising: a moving speed when the mobile terminal is increased from 0 to more than a first threshold value, it is determined that subway promoter; the starting point, determining the subway started, it is determined that the outbound Metro; non-starting point in determining the subway when started again after arrival, it is determined that subway station; after determining the subway station, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal drops below a second threshold value, it is determined that subway stop; subway stop is determined, it is determined that the train to station.
  23. 23.如权利要求21所述的移动终端,其特征在于,所述地铁线路信息包括:各个地铁站点、各个地铁站点的连接关系、各个地铁站点的连接方向和各个站点之间的距离;所述处理器(45)确定地铁到站包括:若移动终端的移动速度从0上升至超过第一阈值,则确定地铁启动; 在起点站,确定地铁启动时,则确定所述地铁出站; 在非起点站,确定所述地铁到站后再次启动时,则确定地铁出站; 确定地铁出站后,以时间为变量,对移动终端的移动速度进行积分,计算移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离;在确定地铁出站后,若移动终端的移动速度下降至低于第二阈值,则确定地铁停车; 若确定地铁停车,则将地铁当前所在的行车区间的站点之间的距离,与所述移动终端在地铁出站后的移动距离进行对比,若差值在一定误差范围内,则确定地铁到站。 23. The mobile terminal according to claim 21, characterized in that, the subway line information comprises: the distance between each subway stations, subway stations connected to the respective relation, the connection direction of each subway stations and each site; the the processor (45) determining the subway station comprising: a moving speed when the mobile terminal is increased from 0 to more than a first threshold value, it is determined that subway promoter; the starting point, determining the subway started, it is determined that the outbound Metro; non starting point, determining the timing starts again after a subway station, it is determined that subway station; after determining the subway station to a variable time, the moving speed of the mobile terminal calculated by integrating the mobile terminal after the mobile station of the subway distance; after determining the subway station, if the mobile speed of the mobile terminal drops below a second threshold value, it is determined that subway stop; if the distance between the subway stop, the driving range will subway stations currently located is determined, and that comparing said mobile terminal moving distance after the subway station, if the difference is within a certain error range, it is determined that subway station.
  24. 24.如权利要求22或23所述的移动终端,其特征在于,所述确认地铁到达的站点具体为:自所述起始站起,每确定地铁到站一次,则根据获取的移动终端的移动方向和所述地铁线路信息,确认当前地铁到达的站点。 24. The mobile terminal of claim 22 or claim 23, wherein the acknowledgment arrives subway station specifically is: starting from the stand, is determined for each subway station once the mobile terminal according to the acquired and moving direction information of the subway line, the subway site is currently reachable confirmation.
CN 201110384917 2011-11-28 2011-11-28 Navigation method and mobile terminal of subway line CN102519456A (en)

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