CN102519034A - Eddy type biomass particle gasification burner - Google Patents

Eddy type biomass particle gasification burner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102519034A
CN102519034A CN2011104388205A CN201110438820A CN102519034A CN 102519034 A CN102519034 A CN 102519034A CN 2011104388205 A CN2011104388205 A CN 2011104388205A CN 201110438820 A CN201110438820 A CN 201110438820A CN 102519034 A CN102519034 A CN 102519034A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
combustion
housing
communicated
eddy current
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CN2011104388205A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102519034B (en
Inventor
李宗华
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温岭市蓝宝精灵锅炉有限公司
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Priority to CN201110438820.5A priority Critical patent/CN102519034B/en
Publication of CN102519034A publication Critical patent/CN102519034A/en
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Publication of CN102519034B publication Critical patent/CN102519034B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides an eddy type biomass particle gasification burner, which belongs to the technical field of fuel equipment and solves the problem that existing burners are low in heat efficiency. The eddy type biomass particle gasification burner comprises a casing with an air chamber, a first combustion chamber and a second combustion chamber, wherein the first combustion chamber with a feed inlet and the second combustion chamber communicated with the first combustion chamber are arranged in the casing, a round flame tube is connected to the upper end of the second combustion chamber, a flame outlet at the outer end of the round flame tube extends out of the casing, an annular sleeve is sleeved on a portion, extending out of the casing, of the round flame tube, an interlayer for air and oxygen compensation for combustion is formed between the annular sleeve and the round flame tube, and the interlayer is provided with an air supply hole communicated with the air chamber. The eddy type biomass particle gasification burner has the advantages of compact structure, high heat efficiency and the like.

Description

A kind of biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to the fuel apparatus technical field, relate to a kind of combustor, particularly a kind of biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine.
Background technology
At present, the boiler that uses in the society mainly is coal-fired (combustion bavin) boiler and fuel oil (combustion gas) boiler, and its fuel all is to use primary combustion.Coal-fired (combustion bavin) boiler material incomplete combustion, so fuel consumption is many, the thermal efficiency is low, the many dirt of the flue gas of discharge, thickness, and also the black smoke environmental pollution is serious.Fuel oil (combustion gas) boiler oil is fully burned; The flue gas of discharging also reaches environmental protection requirement; But fuel oil (combustion gas) boiler is high with respect to the cost of coal-fired (combustion bavin) boiler, and its running cost is 3 to 5 times in coal-fired (combustion bavin) boiler, and operating cost is high; China's fuel oil (combustion gas) boiler in production and use in life at present is very few, and the use amount of fire coal big for environment pollution (combustion bavin) boiler accounts for more than 80%.
For this reason; People have invented a kind of built-in no flue dust second-time burning environment-protection boiler [Granted publication number be: CN 2926823Y], and it is made up of furnace shell, internal furnace, inferior combustion chamber, secondary matching air box, main chamber, upper smoke tube, delivery port, dirt pocket, furnace bottom pedestal, air inlet, water inlet, fire door, lower smoke tube, water level meter, safety valve, exhaust opening and steam (vapor) outlet etc.Furnace shell is welded on the furnace base; The annular dirt pocket is placed in the furnace bottom pedestal; Internal furnace is welded in the furnace shell; Semi-enclosed main chamber is arranged on the bottom in the internal furnace, and middle part, main chamber that the secondary matching air box is placed in the internal furnace push up, and top, secondary matching air box that inferior combustion chamber is placed in the internal furnace push up.Some upper smoke tubes are arranged between furnace shell and the internal furnace, a termination dirt pocket, the other end mouth that runs in; Some lower smoke tubes are arranged between furnace shell and the internal furnace, a termination dirt pocket, another termination time top, combustion chamber.
Though the manufacturing simple in structure, easy of above-mentioned boiler, still there is following shortcoming in it: because the length of smoke pipe is longer, do not have enough oxygen to get into during burning, it is insufficient to cause burning, and getting rid of thing has a large amount of cigarettes and dust, and the thermal efficiency is not high; Because it is insufficient that oxygen gets into, contaminated environment will exhale pernicious gases during burning coal; And structure is not compact, and it is big to take up room, and processing and manufacturing is inconvenient.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to have the problems referred to above, proposed the biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine of a kind of sufficient combustion, thermal efficiency height and compact conformation to existing technology.
The object of the invention can be realized through following technical proposal:
This biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine; Comprise housing, be located at first combustion chamber that has charging aperture in the housing and second combustion chamber that is communicated with first combustion chamber with air compartment; It is characterized in that upper end, described second combustion chamber is connected with circular fire tube, the crater of this circle fire tube outer end stretches out housing; Said circular fire tube stretches out on the part of housing and is with a ring sleeve; Be formed between this ring sleeve and the circular fire tube mending the interlayer that wind helps the oxygen effect to having burnt, described interlayer is provided with air supply hole, and described air supply hole is communicated with above-mentioned air compartment.
Charging aperture in this biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine directly is communicated with the feeding burner, directly the biological particles material is input in first combustion chamber through pay-off and burns.When flame enters into second combustion chamber, in second combustion chamber, form the eddy current whirlwind naturally, make biomass material form gasification, and combustion, and under the centrifugal force of eddy current whirlwind, isolate dust and form clean thermal-flame.In whole combustion process, the wind in the air compartment enters into interlayer, mends the effect that wind helps oxygen to having burnt.
In above-mentioned biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine, described circular fire tube is a binding energy tube.
In above-mentioned biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine, the side of said housing is provided with one and is used to observe the observation panel of the first combustion chamber internal combustion situation, and the inner of said observation panel is communicated with first combustion chamber.This observation panel is set arbitrarily grasps the fired state in first combustion chamber, so that in time regulate firepower.
In above-mentioned biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine, also be provided with the air inlet that is communicated with above-mentioned air compartment on the described housing.Be provided with the air blast of setting supporting with it at this air inlet place.
In above-mentioned biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine, described first combustion chamber is communicated with through side's taper flow channels with second combustion chamber, and described side's taper flow channels gets into along inwall tangential, second combustion chamber.
After getting into from the tangential, in second combustion chamber, form the eddy current whirlwind naturally, prolong burning time and make biomass material formation gasification, and combustion simultaneously, thereby and under the centrifugal force of eddy current whirlwind, isolate dust and form clean thermal-flame.
In above-mentioned biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine, the bottom of said second combustion chamber is coniform, is provided with the dust collection chamber that is used to collect flue dust in the bottom of this cone-shaped structure; On described housing, be provided with the gray-drawing port that is communicated with this dust collection chamber.
Compared with prior art, this biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine has the following advantages: compact conformation, make easily, the organic substance in the fuel is thoroughly dissolved in circulating combustion, no flue gas and dust outwards discharge; Not only sufficient combustion, energy savings; And nuisanceless, do not pollute the environment, can adapt to various biomass granule fuels; And safe and reliable to operation, economical and practical, Based Intelligent Control simple and fast; Simple and convenient, volume and weight small volume and less weight is installed, and operating cost is low, can save 30%--60% operating cost than fuel oil, combustion gas; Be the best auxiliary products that replace electricity consumption, fuel oil, combustion gas, coal-burning boiler, and can be widely used in industries such as worker, farming, merchant with using in the field.At clean burning, very significant effect is arranged on the energy-saving and emission-reduction performance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine.
Among the figure, 1, housing; 11, air compartment; 12, air inlet; 2, first combustion chamber; 21, charging aperture; 22, observation panel; 3, second combustion chamber; 4, circular fire tube; 5, ring sleeve; 51, interlayer; 52, air supply hole; 6, flow channels; 7, dust collection chamber; 71, gray-drawing port.
The specific embodiment
Below be specific embodiment of the present invention and combine accompanying drawing, technical scheme of the present invention is done further to describe, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, this biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine comprises housing 1 with air compartment 11, is located at first combustion chamber 2 that has charging aperture 21 in the housing 1 and second combustion chamber 3 that is communicated with first combustion chamber 2.First combustion chamber 2 in the present embodiment is communicated with through side's taper flow channels 6 with second combustion chamber 3, and square taper flow channels 6 gets into along 3 inwall tangentials, second combustion chamber.After getting into from the tangential, formation eddy current whirlwind naturally second combustion chamber 3 in makes biomass material formation gasification, and combustion, and under the centrifugal force of eddy current whirlwind, isolates and form clean thermal-flame.
As shown in Figure 1, the bottom of second combustion chamber 3 is coniform, is provided with the dust collection chamber 7 that is used to collect flue dust in the bottom of this cone-shaped structure; On housing 1, be provided with the gray-drawing port 71 that is communicated with this dust collection chamber 7.
As shown in Figure 1; Be connected with circular fire tube 4 in 3 upper ends, second combustion chamber, the circular fire tube 4 in the present embodiment is a binding energy tube, and the crater of these circle fire tube 4 outer ends stretches out housing 1; Circular fire tube 4 stretches out on the part of housing 1 and is with a ring sleeve 5; Be formed between this ring sleeve 5 and the circular fire tube 4 mending the interlayer 51 that wind helps the oxygen effect to having burnt, interlayer 51 is provided with air supply hole 52, and air supply hole 52 is communicated with above-mentioned air compartment 11.
As shown in Figure 1, the side of housing 1 is provided with one and is used to observe the observation panel 22 of first combustion chamber, 2 internal combustion situations, and the inner of observation panel 22 is communicated with first combustion chamber 2.This observation panel 22 is set arbitrarily grasps the fired state in first combustion chamber 2, so that in time refuel.Also be provided with the air inlet 12 that is communicated with air compartment 11 on the housing 1.
Charging aperture 21 in this biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine directly is communicated with pay-off, directly the biological particles material is input in first combustion chamber 2 through pay-off and burns.When flame enters into second combustion chamber 3, in second combustion chamber 3, form the eddy current whirlwind naturally, make biomass material form gasification, and combustion, and under the centrifugal force of eddy current whirlwind, isolate and form clean thermal-flame.In whole combustion process, the wind in the air compartment 11 enters into interlayer 51 through air supply hole 52, mends the effect that wind helps oxygen to having burnt.
Specific embodiment described herein only is that the present invention's spirit is illustrated.Person of ordinary skill in the field of the present invention can make various modifications or replenishes or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.
Although this paper has used 1, housing morely; 11, air compartment; 12, air inlet; 2, first combustion chamber; 21, charging aperture; 22, observation panel; 3, second combustion chamber; 4, circular fire tube; 5, ring sleeve; 51, interlayer; 52, air supply hole; 6, flow channels; 7, dust collection chamber; 71, term such as gray-drawing port, but do not get rid of the possibility of using other term.Using these terms only is in order to describe and explain essence of the present invention more easily; It all is contrary with spirit of the present invention being construed to any additional restriction to them.

Claims (6)

1. biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine; Comprise have air compartment (11) housing (1), be located at first combustion chamber (2) that has charging aperture (21) in the housing (1) and second combustion chamber (3) that is communicated with first combustion chamber (2); It is characterized in that; Upper end, described second combustion chamber (3) is connected with circular fire tube (4); The crater (41) of this circle fire tube (4) outer end stretches out housing (1), and said circular fire tube (4) stretches out on the part of housing (1) and is with a ring sleeve (5), is formed for mending having burnt the interlayer (51) that wind helps the oxygen effect between this ring sleeve (5) and the circular fire tube (4); Described interlayer (51) is provided with air supply hole (52), and described air supply hole (52) is communicated with above-mentioned air compartment (11).
2. a kind of biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that described circular fire tube (4) is a binding energy tube.
3. a kind of biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; The side of said housing (1) is provided with one and is used to observe the observation panel (22) of first combustion chamber (2) internal combustion situation, and the inner of said observation panel (22) is communicated with first combustion chamber (2).
4. a kind of biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also is provided with the air inlet (12) that is communicated with above-mentioned air compartment (11) on the described housing (1).
5. a kind of biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Described first combustion chamber (2) is communicated with through side's taper flow channels (6) with second combustion chamber (3), and described side's taper flow channels (6) gets into along inwall tangential, second combustion chamber (3).
6. a kind of biological particles eddy current gasification, and combustion machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that the bottom of said second combustion chamber (3) is coniform, is provided with the dust collection chamber (7) that is used to collect flue dust in the bottom of this cone-shaped structure; On described housing (1), be provided with the gray-drawing port (71) that is communicated with this dust collection chamber (7).
CN201110438820.5A 2011-12-12 2011-12-12 Eddy type biomass particle gasification burner CN102519034B (en)

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CN102519034B CN102519034B (en) 2015-05-06

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103017144A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Spitfire mechanism of biomass sawdust fuel burning device
CN103017143A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Biomass sawdust fuel burning furnace
CN103017174A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Biomass sawdust fuel burning device
CN105299608A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-03 广州博恩能源有限公司 Biomass gas boiler
CN106196005A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 A kind of gasification burner structure
CN106322438A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-11 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Wood-burning stove
CN106338079A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-18 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Novel environment-friendly type biomass fuel combustion furnace
CN106352323A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Biomass fuel combustion machine
CN106369590A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Split dust-removal combustion device
CN106382621A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Biomass burner with double-hearth structure
CN106678774A (en) * 2015-11-05 2017-05-17 魏冰玲 Biomass combustion machine
CN106678878A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-05-17 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Smokeless combustion furnace structure

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CN2888279Y (en) * 2005-12-01 2007-04-11 姜兴海 Secondary combustion organic heat carrier coal-fired boiler
CN101650024B (en) * 2009-09-25 2011-02-09 王守信 Coal-fired gasification swirl combustion furnace
CZ302597B6 (en) * 2009-07-09 2011-07-27 Step Trutnov A.S. Boiler
CN202032562U (en) * 2010-12-27 2011-11-09 李玉斌 Efficient energy-saving pyrolysis combustion furnace
CN202350005U (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-07-25 温岭市蓝宝精灵锅炉有限公司 Biomass particle vortex gasifying combustion engine

Patent Citations (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE9204026U1 (en) * 1992-03-25 1992-06-11 Ackermann Gmbh Technische Anlagen Und Maschinenbau, 8332 Massing, De
CN2888279Y (en) * 2005-12-01 2007-04-11 姜兴海 Secondary combustion organic heat carrier coal-fired boiler
CZ302597B6 (en) * 2009-07-09 2011-07-27 Step Trutnov A.S. Boiler
CN101650024B (en) * 2009-09-25 2011-02-09 王守信 Coal-fired gasification swirl combustion furnace
CN202032562U (en) * 2010-12-27 2011-11-09 李玉斌 Efficient energy-saving pyrolysis combustion furnace
CN202350005U (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-07-25 温岭市蓝宝精灵锅炉有限公司 Biomass particle vortex gasifying combustion engine

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103017143A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Biomass sawdust fuel burning furnace
CN103017174A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Biomass sawdust fuel burning device
CN103017144B (en) * 2012-12-25 2014-12-24 常熟市筑紫机械有限公司 Spitfire mechanism of biomass sawdust fuel burning device
CN103017174B (en) * 2012-12-25 2014-12-24 常熟市筑紫机械有限公司 Biomass sawdust fuel burning device
CN103017143B (en) * 2012-12-25 2014-12-24 常熟市筑紫机械有限公司 Biomass sawdust fuel burning furnace
CN103017144A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Spitfire mechanism of biomass sawdust fuel burning device
CN106678774A (en) * 2015-11-05 2017-05-17 魏冰玲 Biomass combustion machine
CN105299608A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-03 广州博恩能源有限公司 Biomass gas boiler
CN106196005A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 A kind of gasification burner structure
CN106338079A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-18 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Novel environment-friendly type biomass fuel combustion furnace
CN106352323A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Biomass fuel combustion machine
CN106369590A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Split dust-removal combustion device
CN106382621A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Biomass burner with double-hearth structure
CN106322438A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-11 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Wood-burning stove
CN106678878A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-05-17 成都沸鼎环保设备有限公司 Smokeless combustion furnace structure

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