CN102515774A - Method for producing transparent glass and overglazed color ceramic sandwich by single firing - Google Patents

Method for producing transparent glass and overglazed color ceramic sandwich by single firing Download PDF

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CN102515774A
CN102515774A CN2011103398619A CN201110339861A CN102515774A CN 102515774 A CN102515774 A CN 102515774A CN 2011103398619 A CN2011103398619 A CN 2011103398619A CN 201110339861 A CN201110339861 A CN 201110339861A CN 102515774 A CN102515774 A CN 102515774A
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China
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onglazed
ground
coat enamel
transparent glass
ceramic green
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CN2011103398619A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102515774B (en
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戴长禄
杨林
杨明
杨勇
粟涛
姜长青
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广东博德精工建材有限公司
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Abstract

A method for producing transparent glass and overglazed color ceramic sandwich by single firing in the invention relates to the technical field of building materials. By the adoption of ''a key single firing technology with material selection within the range of predetermined product components'', the method provided by the invention comprises the following steps of: applying ground-coat enamel on a ceramic green compact to prepare an enamel green body, printing gelatine-pad printed fancy glaze to prepare an overglazed color ceramic green body, applying transparent frit dry granules on the overglazed color ceramic green body to prepare overglazed color frit dry granular ceramic green body, spraying methyl cellulose for fixation to prepare a greenware to be sintered, sintering the greenware to be sintered to form a semi-finished product, followed by strickling for thickness determination, rough casting, fine casting, edging, chamfering, air drying, picking and grading to prepare the transparent glass and overglazed color ceramic sandwich finished product. The method is used for the production of transparent glass and overglazed color ceramic sandwiches and is the single firing technology with material selection within the range of predetermined product components.

Description

Once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process
Technical field
Once-firing transparent glass of the present invention and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process relate to building materials technology field; Be particularly related to the building materials technology field of glass-ceramic; Relate in particular to the working method technical field of glass-ceramic building material product; Be specifically related to once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process technical field.
Background technology
In the process of making glass ceramic composite boards; Promptly in the production process of transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate; All be unable to do without frit, ceramic green, ground-coat enamel and these raw materials of printing glaze; Be and in advance frit, ceramic green, ground-coat enamel prepared and printing glaze is modulated out; Utilize these raw materials that ceramic green is implemented to carry out burning till first time, behind charity frit dry granular on the onglazed biscuit, to carry out burning till the second time then behind ground-coat enamel and the printing glaze again, Here it is has the twice firing production technique of known technology.Specifically, all in the market transparent glasses and onglazed Ceramic Composite panel products all adopt the twice firing production technique; Promptly, prepare the onglazed biscuit of ceramics of organizine wire mark flower or rubber roll stamp at first through burning till for the first time, and then clear frit dry granular on the cloth; Carry out again burning till the second time; Onglazed ceramic body and clear frit are combined with each other, pass through polished finish again, thereby make transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite panel products.The pattern of this product is many to be motherboard with the stone material, adopts the cat scanner design, utilizes silk screen or glue roller printing again, even technology such as spray ink Printing, can clear reduction stone texture, and fidelity is high; The transparent glass of adding the surface can make product have clear pattern, abundant colors, spatial effect, beautiful gloss, antifouling plurality of advantages such as easy clean after polishing, receives liking of consumers in general over the past two years.But owing to adopt the twice firing production technique, its total cycle all surpasses (being that the production cycle is long) more than four hours, so causes production cost of products higher, particularly energy consumption high aspect then manifest more outstanding; In recent years, the influence that risen by costs such as material, manual work, the energy, the profit margin of this product is squeezed.Conclusion is got up, and the existing deficiency of this existing known technology, defective and drawback are: the technology of twice firing is loaded down with trivial details, lack of standardization, the cycle long, power consumption is high, time-consuming, production efficiency is low, random strong, the unstable product quality of selection.1., prepare the clear frit that the reasonable transparency of composition is good, the beginning melting temperature is higher, the sintering posterior spiracle is few and do not react with the onglazed pattern color in view of the above, the gordian technique of developing " once-firing transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate " is:; 2., the rational ceramic green of prepared composition; 3., prepare the ground-coat enamel that composition rationally has characteristics such as coupling base substrate, high whiteness, high covering power, matt effect, adaptation flowability, well suspended property aspect thermal expansion; 4., confirm the vanguard technology of scientific and reasonable, energy-conservation saving of labor, operation brief introduction, once-firing.Seeing that contriver's expertise is with the rich experiences of being engaged in industry work and to the excelsior unremitting pursue of cause; The present invention is exactly conscientious and on sufficient investigation, understanding, analysis, summary, the existing known technology of research and the present situation basis; With " selecting the single firing process of material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique; Promptly " frit, ceramic green, ground-coat enamel are all selected material constitute " transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate ' select material in the total composition scope of predetermined prod single firing process " gordian technique in predetermined composition range separately, overcome and the deficiency, defective and the drawback that have solved existing known technology and present situation existence succeeded in developing.Make it selecting to adopt the once-firing advanced technologies on the Fundamentals of Material Science, produce fine transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate product innovation.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is with " selecting the single firing process of material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique; Once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process are provided; The printing glaze is prepared into the onglazed greenwave again after implementing ground-coat enamel on the ceramic green to be prepared into the ground-coat enamel base; After charity clear frit dry granular on the onglazed greenwave is prepared into onglazed frit dry granular greenwave, spray methylcellulose gum and fix and be prepared into greenwave to be burnt, the work in-process that greenwave to be burnt is fired formation are prepared into transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite board finished product through scraping to calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, the classification.
1., with " selecting the single firing process of material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique the purpose that reaches through the present invention is:, once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process are provided.2., through selecting material in the predetermined prod composition range, so that obtain to meet the product of constant high quality requirement; Be that product can guarantee quality product in the composition range of design in advance.3., pass through advanced single firing process, realization standardization, mass-producing, standardized production.4., make the production technique of product in the selection, composition range of product materials in product in the composition range, the composition range, the general idea that organically blends is scientific and reasonable, method is simple, effect stability is reliable.5., can make clear frit dry granular and onglazed Ceramic Composite board finished product obtain the seldom surface of pore, and mate with the onglazed ceramic body.6., make clear frit dry granular and onglazed Ceramic Composite board finished product have the good outstanding feature of transparency, high because of its melting temperature, easily discharge gas, do not react with the pattern of onglazed ceramic body, thereby keep the clear of these patterns.7., make ceramic green have enough green strengths (making it to accomplish smoothly the operation of printing, transportation), with the suitable firing temperature of transparent glass coupling, with the transparent glass matched coefficient of thermal expansion, volatile gases (comprising organic matter) is low as far as possible, free air delivery is little, easy oxidation, characteristics such as be fit to comparatively fast burn till; Minimizing helps shortening firing period to the influence of transparent glass pore.8., make ground-coat enamel on thermal expansivity, mate base substrate, have high whiteness, high covering power, matt effect, suitable degree of mobilization, good suspension ... etc. characteristics; And the match with ceramic base substrate has can print higher, good aesthetic beauty of artistry and ornamental and stable printing pattern.9., the composition that makes transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate in the composition range that is designed in advance, accomplish every batch of product can both the quality high-quality, quality unification, constant mass, reliable in quality.10., the advanced technologies of once-firing--science, rationally, simple, standard, the cycle is short, power consumption is low, saving of work and time, production efficiency are high, select material and make the steady quality of product, this technology be convenient to implementation and operation and cost is low and help wide popularization and application according to the chemical ingredients that realizes setting product.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, technical scheme provided by the invention is:
A kind of once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process:
1., preparation clear frit dry granular: with fineness degree less than 100 purposes quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, each 80-700 kilogram of boric acid, and the selection fineness degree less than in 100 purpose sodium-chlor, sodium sulfate, the fluorite a kind of 100 kilograms as finings; The above is even as the frit raw materials mix, the frit raw material that mixes sent in the cell furnace melt, temperature of fusion is 1520-1600 ℃; To melting good melt after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, the acquisition composition range is SiO 250-70%, Al 2O 35-20%, CaO0-10%, MgO 0-10%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-8%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 3The 20-200 order clear frit dry granular of 0-8%, finings 1-10% and moisture<0.5% is for use;
2., preparation ceramic green: with granularity less than 1 millimeter kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, each 385-12250 kilogram of talcum through mixing as the ceramic green raw material; In said ceramic green raw material; Add an amount of water, and impartial alkali, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP of adding be as water reducer, the quantity that adds said water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ceramic green raw material; Through carrying out spraying drying powder process behind the ball mill ball milling pulping; Moisture after the said spraying drying powder process is 5.5-6.5%, and again through the automatic hydraulic press shaped by fluid pressure, and then to make composition range through the dry kiln drying be SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO+MgO 0.5-5%, K 2O+Na 2The ceramic green of O 2-8%, water reducer 0-2% and moisture<0.5% is for use;
3., preparation ground-coat enamel: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose calcined kaolins, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, each 2-30 kilogram of nepheline through mixing as the ground-coat enamel raw material; In said ground-coat enamel raw material; Add methylcellulose gum as thickening material and an amount of water; And a kind of in the alkali that brings Selection In, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP as water reducer; The quantity that adds said thickening material and water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ground-coat enamel raw material, and going into the ball mill ball milling, to become chemical ingredients be SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO 5-15%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, ZnO 0-8%, ZrO 2It is that the pulpous state ground-coat enamel of the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve is for use that 3-12%, water reducer and thickening material are 0-2% and fineness;
4., preparation ground-coat enamel base: on dried said ceramic green; Use pouring glaze machine and implement said ground-coat enamel; Promptly 65-70 ℃ of base temperature, with the condition of 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure under water spray 10 grams and the quantity of implementing said ground-coat enamel be 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure, 60 ± 1 grams, it is for use to be prepared into the ground-coat enamel base;
5., preparation onglazed greenwave: utilize roller or silk screen; On the surface of said ground-coat enamel base; With the mode of printing, print that modulate, that have color, that printability is good, various printing glazes, be prepared into that to have the onglazed greenwave that enriches design and color for use;
6., preparation onglazed frit dry granular greenwave: use dry type leather belt material distributing machine, with 3.5-6Kg/m 2The cloth amount with the uniform charity of said clear frit dry granular on said onglazed greenwave, it is for use to be prepared into onglazed frit dry granular greenwave;
7., preparation greenwave to be burnt: with the mode of spray, will as the methylcellulose gum water spray of stationary liquid on the surface of said onglazed frit dry granular greenwave, make the said clear frit dry granular on the said onglazed greenwave be able to fix, and be prepared into that to wait to burn greenwave for use;
8., preparation transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite boards half-finished product: greenwave said to be burnt is put into roller kiln; In temperature is that 1120-1200 ℃, time are under 60-180 minute the condition; Greenwave said to be burnt is fired, be prepared into transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite boards half-finished product is for use;
9., preparation transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite board finished product: said transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite boards half-finished product scraped calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, the classification, be prepared into transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite board finished product.
Described once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process:
In said preparation clear frit dry granular 1., said quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, finings consumption is separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of clear frit dry granular in advance;
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ceramic green in advance;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., said calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance.
Described once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process:
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin is selected to be replaced by black mud, makes loss on ignition<4.7% of said ceramic green;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., the flow velocity of said pulpous state ground-coat enamel finished product is grace formula viscosity 16-18 second.
Owing to adopted technical scheme provided by the present invention; Because the present invention has adopted " selecting the single firing process of material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique; Because the present invention's printing glaze after implementing ground-coat enamel on the ceramic green to be prepared into the ground-coat enamel base is prepared into the onglazed greenwave again; After charity clear frit dry granular on the onglazed greenwave is prepared into onglazed frit dry granular greenwave, spray methylcellulose gum and fix and be prepared into greenwave to be burnt, the work in-process that greenwave to be burnt is fired formation are prepared into transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite board finished product through scraping to calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, the classification.Make the present invention compare with existing known technology and present situation, the beneficial effect of acquisition is:
1, the present invention provides once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process with " selecting the single firing process of material in the predetermined prod composition range " gordian technique.
2, the present invention can obtain to meet the product of constant high quality requirement through to select material in the predetermined prod chemical ingredients scope with this; Be that product can guarantee product constant high quality in designed chemical composition range in advance.
3, the present invention has realized standardization, mass-producing, standardized production through advanced single firing process.
4, the present invention is with the once-firing production technique of product in the selection of product materials in the product in the chemical ingredients scope, the chemical ingredients scope, the chemical ingredients scope; It is as a whole to organically blend, and it organically blends, and whole design is scientific and reasonable, method is simple, effect stability is reliable.
5, the present invention can make finished product the transparent glass pore seldom, and mate with the onglazed ceramic body.
6, the present invention makes the clear frit dry granular have the good outstanding feature of transparency, high because of its melting temperature, easily discharge gas, do not react with the pattern of onglazed ceramic body, thereby kept the clear of these patterns.
7, the present invention makes the composition of clear frit dry granular compare with existing known technology, have two significant different, 1., its alumina composition is above 10%, much larger than the clear frit of twice firing that is exactly:; 2., must add a certain amount of finings, the clear frit of twice firing does not then contain this type of finings.Thereby also just had existing known technology can't compare high such as the beginning melting temperature, easily discharge gas, seldom surface, the transparency of pore good, with onglazed ceramic body coupling, do not react with the pattern of onglazed ceramic body, can keep the clear beneficial effect that waits of pattern.
8, the present invention make ceramic green have enough green strengths (making it to accomplish smoothly the operation of printing, transportation), with the suitable firing temperature of transparent glass coupling, with the transparent glass matched coefficient of thermal expansion, volatile gases (comprising organic matter) is low as far as possible, free air delivery is little, easy oxidation, be fit to the characteristics such as (promptly having shortened the production cycle) of comparatively fast burning till; Minimizing helps shortening firing period to the influence of transparent glass pore.
9, the present invention makes ground-coat enamel on thermal expansivity, mate base substrate, has high whiteness, high covering power, matt effect, suitable degree of mobilization, good suspension ... etc. characteristics; And the match with ceramic base substrate has can print higher, good aesthetic beauty of artistry and ornamental and stable printing pattern.
10, the present invention make transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate chemical ingredients in the composition range that is designed in advance, accomplished every batch of product can both the quality high-quality, quality unification, constant mass, reliable in quality.
11, the present invention has adopted the vanguard technology of once-firing; Its firing temperature is 1120-1200 ℃, and firing period is 60-180 minute, and the water-intake rate that burns till the back product is 0.04-0.10%.Obtain efficient energy-saving, reduced the beneficial effect that discharges, protects environment, low-carbon (LC) production, low-carbon (LC) life.
12, the advanced technologies of once-firing of the present invention--science, rationally, simple, standard, the cycle is short, power consumption is low, saving of work and time, production efficiency are high, according to realizing that the chemical ingredients that sets product selects material and make product have firm and constant high quality, this technology is convenient to implementation and operation and cost is low and help wide popularization and application.
Description of drawings
Figure of description is the technological operation step window synoptic diagram of the specific embodiment of the invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment one
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the present invention is described in detail.Shown in Figure of description:
A kind of once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process:
1., preparation clear frit dry granular: with fineness degree less than 100 purposes quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, each 80-700 kilogram of boric acid, and the selection fineness degree less than in 100 purpose sodium-chlor, sodium sulfate, the fluorite a kind of 100 kilograms as finings; The above is even as the frit raw materials mix, the frit raw material that mixes sent in the cell furnace melt, temperature of fusion is 1520-1600 ℃; To melting good melt after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, the acquisition composition range is SiO 250-70%, Al 2O 35-20%, CaO0-10%, MgO 0-10%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-8%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 3The 20-200 order clear frit dry granular of 0-8%, finings 1-10% and moisture<0.5% is for use;
2., preparation ceramic green: with granularity less than 1 millimeter kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, each 385-12250 kilogram of talcum through mixing as the ceramic green raw material; In said ceramic green raw material; Add an amount of water, and impartial alkali, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP of adding be as water reducer, the quantity that adds said water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ceramic green raw material; Through carrying out spraying drying powder process behind the ball mill ball milling pulping; Moisture after the said spraying drying powder process is 5.5-6.5%, and again through the automatic hydraulic press shaped by fluid pressure, and then to make composition range through the dry kiln drying be SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO+MgO 0.5-5%, K 2O+Na 2The ceramic green of O 2-8%, water reducer 0-2% and moisture<0.5% is for use;
3., preparation ground-coat enamel: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose calcined kaolins, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, each 2-30 kilogram of nepheline through mixing as the ground-coat enamel raw material; In said ground-coat enamel raw material; Add methylcellulose gum as thickening material and an amount of water; And a kind of in the alkali that brings Selection In, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP as water reducer; The quantity that adds said thickening material and water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ground-coat enamel raw material, and going into the ball mill ball milling, to become chemical ingredients be SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO 5-15%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, ZnO 0-8%, ZrO 2It is that the pulpous state ground-coat enamel of the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve is for use that 3-12%, water reducer and thickening material are 0-2% and fineness;
4., preparation ground-coat enamel base: on dried said ceramic green; Use pouring glaze machine and implement said ground-coat enamel; Promptly 65-70 ℃ of base temperature, with the condition of 300 * 30O pallet unit of measure under water spray 10 grams and the quantity of implementing said ground-coat enamel be 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure, 60 ± 1 grams, it is for use to be prepared into the ground-coat enamel base;
5., preparation onglazed greenwave: utilize roller or silk screen; On the surface of said ground-coat enamel base; With the mode of printing, print that modulate, that have color, that printability is good, various printing glazes, be prepared into that to have the onglazed greenwave that enriches design and color for use;
6., preparation onglazed frit dry granular greenwave: use dry type leather belt material distributing machine, with 3.5-6Kg/m 2The cloth amount charity is on said onglazed greenwave equably with said clear frit dry granular, it is for use to be prepared into onglazed frit dry granular greenwave;
7., preparation greenwave to be burnt: with the mode of spray, will as the methylcellulose gum water spray of stationary liquid on the surface of said onglazed frit dry granular greenwave, make the said clear frit dry granular on the said onglazed greenwave be able to fix, and be prepared into that to wait to burn greenwave for use;
8., preparation transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite boards half-finished product: greenwave said to be burnt is put into roller kiln; In temperature is that 1120-1200 ℃, time are under 60-180 minute the condition; Greenwave said to be burnt is fired, be prepared into transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite boards half-finished product is for use;
9., preparation transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite board finished product: said transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite boards half-finished product scraped calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, the classification, be prepared into transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite board finished product.
Described once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process:
In said preparation clear frit dry granular 1., said quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, finings consumption is separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of clear frit dry granular in advance;
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ceramic green in advance;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., said calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance.
Described once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process:
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin is selected to be replaced by black mud, makes loss on ignition<4.7% of said ceramic green;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., the flow velocity of said pulpous state ground-coat enamel is grace formula viscosity 16-18 second.
In above-mentioned practical implementation process, that is:
1, in said preparation clear frit dry granular 1.: said quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid are implemented with 80,100,120,150,180,200,230,250,270,300,330,360,380,400,420,440,460,480,500,530,580,600,620,660,680,700 kilograms respectively; Said temperature of fusion is implemented with 1520,1530,1540,1550,1560,1570,1580,1590,1600 ℃ respectively; To SiO in the said composition range 2Implement Al with 50,55,60,65,70% respectively 2O 3Implement with 5,7,10,12,15,18,20% respectively, CaO implements with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10% respectively, and MgO implements K with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10% respectively 2O+Na 2O implements with 2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively, and BaO implements B with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively 2O 3Implement with 0,2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively, finings is implemented with 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10% respectively; Said quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, finings consumption separately adjusted in the composition range of said acquisition clear frit dry granular finished product implement; Fineness degree to said clear frit dry granular finished product is implemented with 20,30,40,50,80,100,120,140,160,180,200 orders respectively; All received expected effect.
2, in said preparation ceramic green 2.: said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum are implemented with 385,400,500,600,700,800,900,1000,1500,2000,2500,3000,3500,4000,4500,5000,5500,6000,6500,7000,7500,8000,8500,9000,9300,9500,9800,10000,12000,12250 kilograms respectively; Said water reducer is implemented with alkali, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP combination; Quantity to said water reducer is implemented with 0.3,0.4,0.5% of ceramic green raw material respectively; Moisture after the said spraying drying powder process is implemented with 5.5,5.6,5.7,5.8,5.9,6.0,6.1,6.2,6.3,6.4,6.5% respectively; To the SiO in the said ceramic green composition that makes 2Implement Al with 66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75% respectively 2O 3Implement with 15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25% respectively; CaO+MgO implements K with 0.5,0.8,1.0,12,1.5,1.8,2.0,2.5,3.0,3.5,4.0,4.3,4.5,4.7,4.8,5.0% respectively 2O+Na 2O implements with 2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively, and water reducer is implemented with 0,0.5,0.8,1.0,1.2,1.5,1.8,2.0% respectively; Kaolin in the said ceramic green raw material is implemented by black mud is alternative; Said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all confirmed to implement in setting the said composition range of ceramic green in advance; All received expected effect.
3, in said preparation ground-coat enamel 3.: the calcined kaolin in the said ground-coat enamel raw material, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline are implemented with 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30 kilograms respectively; Said water reducer is implemented with alkali, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP respectively; Quantity to said thickening material and water reducer is implemented with 0.3,0.4,0.5% of ground-coat enamel raw material respectively; To the SiO in the said ground-coat enamel composition that makes 2Implement Al with 40,45,50,55,60% respectively 2O 3Implement with 15,18,20,23,25% respectively, CaO implements with 5,8,10,12,15% respectively, and MgO implements K with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively 2O+Na 2O implements with 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10% respectively, and ZnO implements ZrO with 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8% respectively 2Implement with 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12% respectively, water reducer and thickening material are implemented with 0,0.5,0.8,1.0,1.2,1.5,1.8,2% respectively; The said pulpous state ground-coat enamel finish fineness that makes surplused with 10000-hole sieve respectively 0.4,0.5% implement; Flow velocity to said pulpous state ground-coat enamel finished product was implemented with grace formula viscosity respectively in 16,17,18 seconds; Said calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all confirmed to implement in setting the said composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance; All received expected effect.
4, in said preparation transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite boards half-finished product 8.: greenwave said to be burnt is put into the temperature that roller kiln fire implement with 1120,1140,1150,1155,1160,1180,1200 ℃ respectively, the time of firing implemented with 60,80,100,120,140,160,180 minutes respectively; All received expected effect.
Embodiment two
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just:
1, in said preparation clear frit dry granular 1.: with fineness degree less than 100 purposes quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid proportioning raw material; And a kind of in the selective chlorination sodium, sodium sulfate, fluorite as finings; Weigh 2000 kilograms for every batch; The above is even as the frit raw materials mix, the frit raw material that mixes sent in the cell furnace melt, temperature of fusion is 1520-1600 ℃; To melting good melt after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, the acquisition composition range is SiO 25 0-70%, Al 2O 35-20%, CaO 0-10%, MgO 0-10%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-8%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 3The 20-200 order of 0-8%, finings 1-10% and the clear frit dry granular of moisture<0.5%.Its said quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, finings consumption are separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of clear frit dry granular in advance and are implemented.Received expected effect.
2, in said preparation ceramic green 2.: (1), weigh 35000 kilograms less than 1 millimeter kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, every batch of talcum proportioning raw material with granularity; Through mixing, in said ceramic green raw material, add an amount of water as the ceramic green raw material; And impartial alkali, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP of adding is as water reducer; The quantity that adds said water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ceramic green raw material, and through carrying out spraying drying powder process behind the ball mill ball milling pulping, the moisture after the said spraying drying powder process is 5.5-6.5%; Again through the automatic hydraulic press shaped by fluid pressure, and then to make composition range through the dry kiln drying be SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO+MgO 0.5-5%, K 2O+Na 2The ceramic green of O 2-8%, water reducer 0-2% and moisture<0.5%.(2), said kaolin selects to be replaced by black mud.(3), make loss on ignition<4.7% of said ceramic green.(4), said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption separately is and in setting the said composition range of ceramic green in advance, confirms and implement.Received expected effect equally.
3, in said preparation ground-coat enamel 3.: (1), weigh 100 kilograms less than 100 purpose calcined kaolins, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, every batch of nepheline proportioning raw material with fineness degree; Through mixing as the ground-coat enamel raw material; In said ground-coat enamel raw material; Add methylcellulose gum as thickening material and an amount of water; And add alkali, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP as water reducer, the quantity that adds said thickening material and water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ground-coat enamel raw material, and going into the ball mill ball milling, to become chemical ingredients be SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO 5-15%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, ZnO 0-8%, ZrO 23-12%, water reducer and thickening material are 0-2% and fineness is the pulpous state ground-coat enamel of the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve.(2), the flow velocity of said pulpous state ground-coat enamel is grace formula viscosity 16-18 second.(3), said calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance and are implemented.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment three
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just in said preparation clear frit dry granular 1.: the composition that sets the clear frit dry granular in advance is by SiO 2Be 57.20%, Al 2O 3Be 10.62%, CaO is 7.20%, MgO is 5.12%, K 2O+Na 2O is 4.72%, BaO is 4.13%, B 2O 3Be 7.26%, finings is 3.75%; Set in advance choose under the clear frit dry granular finished product composition corresponding proportion, less than 100 purposes quartz, potassium felspar sand, calcite, rhombspar, soda ash, barium carbonate, boric acid, saltpetre; And the finings of an amount of ratio, prepare burden.In mixer, mixed 30 minutes, in 22 square metres tank furnace, found, glass melting temperature is 1580 ℃, and about 24 hours of material stock time, the liquation after the clarification makes 20-200 purpose clear frit dry granular through shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment four
Implement by embodiment one, three, shown in Figure of description, but be with the difference of embodiment three: in said preparation clear frit dry granular 1., the composition of clear frit dry granular is pressed SiO 2Be 54.27%, Al 2O 3Be 12.67%, CaO is 6.29%, MgO is 4.92%, K 2O+Na 2O is 4.98%, BaO is 4.56%, B 2O 3Be 7.88%, finings is 4.43%.Use this said clear frit dry granular and carried out the making of transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate; And employed printing glaze is pale yellow, middle Huang and deep yellow color in the making processes; Silk screen or roller pattern are cloud shape pattern, so just produce once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite panel products with yellow cloud shape decorative pattern.Received expected effect.
Embodiment five
Implement by embodiment one, three, shown in Figure of description, but be with the difference of embodiment three: in said preparation clear frit dry granular 1., the composition of clear frit dry granular is pressed SiO 2Be 52.28%, Al 2O 3Be 13.58%, CaO is 5.44%, MgO is 6.23%, K 2O+Na 2O is 5.68%, BaO is 5.90%, B 2O 3Be 8.20%, finings is 2.69%.Use this said clear frit dry granular and carried out the making of transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate; And employed printing glaze is pale red, middle Huang and dark red color in the making processes; Silk screen or roller pattern are band pattern, so just produce the once-firing transparent glass and the onglazed Ceramic Composite panel products of the yellow red alternate color of roe figure pattern.Received expected effect.
Embodiment six
Implement by embodiment one, three, shown in Figure of description, but be with the difference of embodiment three: in said preparation clear frit dry granular 1., the composition of clear frit dry granular is pressed SiO 2Be 54.77%, Al 2O 3Be 13.44%, CaO is 5.20%, MgO is 3.54%, K 2O+Na 2O is 3.58%, BaO is 7.21%, B 2O 3Be 8.41%, finings is 3.85%.In said preparation ceramic green 2., the ceramic body composition is pressed SiO simultaneously 2Be 66.23%, Al 2O 3Be 20.43%, CaO+MgO is 2.88%, K 2O+Na 2O is 5.24%, Fe 2O 3Be 0.89%, TiO 2Be 0.28%, loss on ignition is 4.05%.Use this said clear frit dry granular and this said ceramic body and carried out the making of transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate; And employed printing glaze is white, pale yellow and black color in the making processes; Silk screen or roller pattern are net-like pattern; So just producing background color is black, have the once-firing transparent glass and the onglazed Ceramic Composite panel products of the Portoro decorative pattern of white and yellow line.Received expected effect equally.
Embodiment seven
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just in said preparation ceramic green 2.: the composition of ceramic green is set at SiO 267.72%, Al 2O 319.82%, CaO+MgO 2.62%, K 2O+Na 2O 5.37%, Fe 2O 30.64%, TiO 20.21%; Loss on ignition 3.62%; According to the composition that ceramic green sets, choose granularity that ceramic green sets the composition corresponding proportion less than 1 millimeter black mud, kaolin, high temperature sand, middle temperature sand, hypothermia grait, potassium sand, talcum as the ceramic green raw material, weigh 35000 kilograms after mixing for every batch; Tripoly phosphate sodium STPP and 0.2% soda ash that adds ceramic green raw material weight 0.4% is as water reducer, add the water of 0.55 times of ceramic green raw material weight simultaneously; To become fineness be the mud of the surplus 0.5-1% of 10000-hole sieve to ball milling in ball mill, again through mist projection granulating, processes the powder that water content is 5.5-6.5%.Utilize the automatic hydraulic press of 40Mpa to mold the ceramic green of 930 * 930mm specification again.After drying, use.
In above-mentioned practical implementation process: except that implementing, also said tripoly phosphate sodium STPP and soda ash are replaced with soda ash, water glass, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP respectively as water reducer and implement by embodiment one; The fineness that also ball milling in the being set forth in ball mill is become mud is surplused with 10000-hole sieve respectively and 0.5,0.6,0.7,0.8,0.9,1.0% is implemented; Also the moisture content of said powder is implemented with 5.5,5.6,5.7,5.8,5.9,6.0,6.1,6.2,6.3,6.4,6.5% respectively; Obtained expected effect.
Embodiment eight
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just in said preparation ceramic green 2.: the composition of ceramic green is set at SiO 2Be 66.23%, Al 2O 3Be 20.43%, CaO+MgO is 2.88%, K 2O+Na 2O is 5.24%, Fe 2O 3Be 0.89%, TiO 2Be 0.28%, loss on ignition is 4.05%; Obtained expected effect equally.
Embodiment nine
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just in said preparation ground-coat enamel 3.: the composition of ground-coat enamel is set at SiO 254.40%, Al 2O 313.86%, CaO 8.12%, MgO4.67%, K 2O+Na 2O 5.72%, ZnO 3.80%, ZrO 28.52%, TiO 20.24%, Fe 2O 30.06%; Loss on ignition 0.61%; The granularity of choosing corresponding proportion less than 100 purpose ball clays, calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, calcite, nepheline, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, burn talcum proportioning raw material as the ground-coat enamel raw material, by after the corresponding mixed, add an amount of water reducer, thickening material and an amount of water; Go into the ball mill ball milling and wear into the glaze slip that fineness is the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve, the glaze slip flow velocity is adjusted into 16-18 second.Obtained expected effect equally.
Embodiment ten
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just in said preparation ground-coat enamel 3.: the composition of ground-coat enamel is set at SiO 257.66%, Al 2O 312.44%, CaO 6.77%, MgO 5.37%, K 2O+Na 2O 6.02%, ZnO 4.27%, ZrO 26.21%, TiO 20.16%, Fe 2O 30.28%, loss on ignition 0.82%.Printing glaze is shallow coffee, middle coffee and dark coffee color, and silk screen or roller pattern are net-like pattern, so just produce the once-firing transparent glass and the onglazed Ceramic Composite panel products of Emperador shape decorative pattern.Obtained expected effect.
Embodiment 11
Implement by embodiment one, shown in Figure of description, just:
In said preparation clear frit dry granular 1., press SiO 257.20%, Al 2O 310.62%, CaO 7.20%, MgO 5.12%, K 2O+Na 2O 4.72%, BaO 4.13%, B 2O 37.26%, finings 3.75%, choose corresponding proportion, less than 100 purposes quartz, potassium felspar sand, calcite, rhombspar, soda ash, barium carbonate, boric acid, saltpetre, the finings of proportioning raw material and an amount of ratio is prepared burden; In mixer, mixed 30 minutes, in 22 square metres tank furnace, found, glass melting temperature is 1580 ℃, and about 24 hours of material stock time, the liquation after the clarification is through shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, and it is for use to make 20-200 purpose clear frit dry granular;
In said preparation ceramic green 2., press SiO 267.72%, Al 2O 319.82%, CaO+MgO 2.62%, K 2O+Na 2O 5.37%, Fe 2O 30.64%, TiO 20.21%; Loss on ignition 3.62%, the granularity of choosing corresponding proportion is less than raw materials such as 1 millimeter black mud, kaolin, high temperature sand, middle temperature sand, hypothermia grait, potassium sand, talcums, by after the corresponding mixed; The water that adds 0.55 times of an amount of water reducer, base substrate toughener and raw material weight; To become fineness be the mud of the surplus 0.5-1% of 10000-hole sieve to ball milling in ball mill, again through mist projection granulating, processes the powder that water content is 5.5-6.5%; Utilize the automatic hydraulic press of 40Mpa pressure to mold the ceramic green of 930 * 930mm specification again; For use after drying;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., press SiO 254.40%, Al 2O 313.86%, CaO8.12%, MgO4.67%, K 2O+Na 2O 5.72%, ZnO 3.80%, ZrO 28.52%, TiO 20.24%, Fe 2O 30.06%; Loss on ignition 0.61%, the granularity of choosing corresponding proportion is less than raw materials such as 100 purpose ball clays, calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, calcite, nepheline, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, burning talcums, by after the corresponding mixed; Add an amount of water reducer; Thickening material and an amount of water are gone into the ball mill ball milling and are worn into the glaze slip that fineness is the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve, and the glaze slip flow velocity is adjusted into 16-18 second;
Through purging (the green compact temperature is controlled at 65-70 ℃) behind the deashing, spray clear water 10g (measurements of 300 * 300 pallets) earlier adopts and drenches the glaze machine and execute the good ground-coat enamel of above-prepared with above-mentioned dried ceramic green, and glaze volume is 60 ± 1 to restrain (300 * 300 pallet); And then the printing glaze that has shallow orchid, light gray, dark-grey color that utilizes roller or silk screen to modulate, be imprinted on the ceramic green surface of having executed ground-coat enamel, so demonstrating background color, the ceramic green surface is white, have the marbled pattern of shallow blue gray tone lines;
Next, through the dry type material distributing machine, the clear frit dry granular for preparing on the cloth equably on the ceramic green surface of having printed floral designs, the cloth amount is 4.0-4.5Kg/m 2, to spray stationary liquid then and fix, the consumption of stationary liquid is 15-20g (measurement of 300 * 300 pallets), reenters roller kiln and burns till, and firing period is 150 minutes, and the top temperature of burning till is about 1200 ℃; Work in-process after the burning are calmed down operations such as thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, packing through scraping again, make a imitative stone material clear frit dry granular and onglazed ceramic body compound once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite panel products at last.
Embodiment 12
Implement by embodiment one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, 11; Shown in Figure of description; Just: on embodiment one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, 11 scale basis; Respectively to dwindle 10,8,6,5,4,3,2,1 times and enlarge 1,2,3,5,8,10,12,15,20,25,30,35,40,45,50 times respectively and implement; Make the present invention possess the solid foundation of original reason test, laboratory test, small-scale test, expanding test, medium-sized test, large-scale experiment, Production Type Test; Possessed solid foundation, possessed the operability of practical implementation under theory instructs, for wide popularization and application has been established solid basis from theory into action.
The present invention has carried out property on probation examination, and property examination on probation comprises from being tested to the whole process of production; The present invention is through the single test of clear frit dry granular, ceramic green, ground-coat enamel; On the single test basis; It is preferred to carry out single test, and preferred single test is optimized combination, through after the optimum combination of single test; Confirm the production technique of once-firing; Use the production technique of once-firing, produce " transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate " product innovation, the present invention is on up to a hundred times research experiment basis; Confirmed " once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process ", from fact effectively having solved the series of key techniques problem that meets efficient energy-saving, reduces " transparent glass and the onglazed ceramic clad plate " product innovation that discharges, protects environment, low-carbon (LC) production, low-carbon (LC) life of making.Use " transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate " warp detection that the present invention's " once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process " produces, its main performance index such as following table:
Visible by table, use " transparent glass and onglazed ceramic clad plate " product innovation that the present invention produced, its main performance index has reached or has been superior to the concerned countries standard.Through examination on probation, obtained expected effect.
More than being merely preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not that the present invention is done any pro forma restriction; But the those of ordinary skill of all industry is all implemented with the above shown in the by specification accompanying drawing swimmingly; But the equivalent variations of making differentiation not breaking away from technical scheme of the present invention is equivalent embodiment of the present invention, all still belongs to technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. once-firing transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process is characterized in that:
1., preparation clear frit dry granular: with fineness degree less than 100 purposes quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, each 80-700 kilogram of boric acid, and the selection fineness degree less than in 100 purpose sodium-chlor, sodium sulfate, the fluorite a kind of 100 kilograms as finings; The above is even as the frit raw materials mix, the frit raw material that mixes sent in the cell furnace melt, temperature of fusion is 1520-1600 ℃; To melting good melt after shrend, oven dry, fragmentation, screening, the acquisition composition range is SiO 250-70%, Al 2O 35-20%, CaO0-10%, MgO 0-10%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-8%, BaO 0-8%, B 2O 3The 20-200 order clear frit dry granular of 0-8%, finings 1-10% and moisture<0.5% is for use;
2., preparation ceramic green: with granularity less than 1 millimeter kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, each 385-12250 kilogram of talcum through mixing as the ceramic green raw material; In said ceramic green raw material; Add an amount of water, and impartial alkali, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP of adding be as water reducer, the quantity that adds said water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ceramic green raw material; Through carrying out spraying drying powder process behind the ball mill ball milling pulping; Moisture after the said spraying drying powder process is 5.5-6.5%, and again through the automatic hydraulic press shaped by fluid pressure, and then to make composition range through the dry kiln drying be SiO 266-75%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO+MgO 0.5-5%, K 2O+Na 2The ceramic green of O 2-8%, water reducer 0-2% and moisture<0.5% is for use;
3., preparation ground-coat enamel: with fineness degree less than 100 purpose calcined kaolins, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, each 2-30 kilogram of nepheline through mixing as the ground-coat enamel raw material; In said ground-coat enamel raw material; Add methylcellulose gum as thickening material and an amount of water; And a kind of in the alkali that brings Selection In, water glass, the tripoly phosphate sodium STPP as water reducer; The quantity that adds said thickening material and water reducer is the 0.3-0.5% of said ground-coat enamel raw material, and going into the ball mill ball milling, to become chemical ingredients be SiO 240-60%, Al 2O 315-25%, CaO 5-15%, MgO 0-8%, K 2O+Na 2O 2-10%, ZnO 0-8%, ZrO 2It is that the pulpous state ground-coat enamel of the surplus 0.4-0.5% of 10000-hole sieve is for use that 3-12%, water reducer and thickening material are 0-2% and fineness;
4., preparation ground-coat enamel base: on dried said ceramic green; Use pouring glaze machine and implement said ground-coat enamel; Promptly 65-70 ℃ of base temperature, with the condition of 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure under water spray 10 grams and the quantity of implementing said ground-coat enamel be 300 * 300 pallet unit of measure, 60 ± 1 grams, it is for use to be prepared into the ground-coat enamel base;
5., preparation onglazed greenwave: utilize roller or silk screen; On the surface of said ground-coat enamel base; With the mode of printing, print that modulate, that have color, that printability is good, various printing glazes, be prepared into that to have the onglazed greenwave that enriches design and color for use;
6., preparation onglazed frit dry granular greenwave: use dry type leather belt material distributing machine, with 3.5-6Kg/m 2The cloth amount with the uniform charity of said clear frit dry granular on said onglazed greenwave, it is for use to be prepared into onglazed frit dry granular greenwave;
7., preparation greenwave to be burnt: with the mode of spray, will as the methylcellulose gum water spray of stationary liquid on the surface of said onglazed frit dry granular greenwave, make the said clear frit dry granular on the said onglazed greenwave be able to fix, and be prepared into that to wait to burn greenwave for use;
8., preparation transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite boards half-finished product: greenwave said to be burnt is put into roller kiln; In temperature is that 1120-1200 ℃, time are under 60-180 minute the condition; Greenwave said to be burnt is fired, be prepared into transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite boards half-finished product is for use;
9., preparation transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite board finished product: said transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite boards half-finished product scraped calm down after thick, thick throwing, smart throwing, edging, chamfering, air-dry, pick, the classification, be prepared into transparent glass and onglazed Ceramic Composite board finished product.
2. once-firing transparent glass according to claim 1 and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process is characterized in that:
In said preparation clear frit dry granular 1., said quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, barium carbonate, yellow soda ash, salt of wormwood, borax, boric acid, finings consumption is separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of clear frit dry granular in advance;
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin, clay, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, talcum, water reducer consumption is separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ceramic green in advance;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., said calcined kaolin, quartz, potassium felspar sand, albite, calcite, talcum, rhombspar, zinc oxide, zirconium English powder, nepheline, thickening material, water reducer consumption are separately all confirmed in setting the said composition range of ground-coat enamel in advance.
3. once-firing transparent glass according to claim 1 and onglazed Ceramic Composite plate producing process is characterized in that:
In said preparation ceramic green 2., said kaolin is selected to be replaced by black mud, makes loss on ignition<4.7% of said ceramic green;
In said preparation ground-coat enamel 3., the flow velocity of said pulpous state ground-coat enamel is grace formula viscosity 16-18 second.
CN201110339861.9A 2011-11-02 2011-11-02 Method for producing transparent glass and overglazed color ceramic sandwich by single firing CN102515774B (en)

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CN105060715A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-11-18 芜湖晟豪实业有限公司 Glaze for bluish white porcelain
CN105924230A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-09-07 福建省德化隆南陶瓷有限公司 Black-golden pattern glaze and manufacturing method of ceramic with black-golden pattern glaze
WO2017138892A1 (en) 2016-02-08 2017-08-17 Kaleseramik Canakkale Kalebodur Seramik Sanayi Anonim Sirketi An inorganic antibacterial amorphous coating for ceramic surfaces
CN108178515A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-06-19 闫慧涵 A kind of blackish green ground-coat enamel and its chroma detection method
CN108424111A (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-08-21 广东金牌陶瓷有限公司 A kind of ceramic plate and preparation method thereof greatly of light dry granular polishing
CN109231829A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-18 广东新润成陶瓷有限公司 A kind of soft polished metal brick and preparation method thereof

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