CN102515729B - Red-mud ceramic tableware and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Red-mud ceramic tableware and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102515729B
CN102515729B CN 201110457196 CN201110457196A CN102515729B CN 102515729 B CN102515729 B CN 102515729B CN 201110457196 CN201110457196 CN 201110457196 CN 201110457196 A CN201110457196 A CN 201110457196A CN 102515729 B CN102515729 B CN 102515729B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crockery
red soil
product
red
auxiliary material
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN 201110457196
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102515729A (en
Inventor
徐和良
范盘华
吴匡振
仇孟庆
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Beifu Technology Co., Ltd
Original Assignee
JIANGSU BAIFU TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by JIANGSU BAIFU TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical JIANGSU BAIFU TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201110457196 priority Critical patent/CN102515729B/en
Publication of CN102515729A publication Critical patent/CN102515729A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102515729B publication Critical patent/CN102515729B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses red-mud ceramic tableware and a preparation method thereof. An ingredient of the red-mud ceramic tableware is mainly formed by adding an auxiliary material into a main material and a mineralizing agent and uniformly mixing, wherein the main material comprises SiO2, Al2O3 and Fe2O3; the main material is 80-94 wtpercent of the total weight, the auxiliary material is 0.3-5 wtpercent of the total weight and the mineralizing agent is 5.7-15 wtpercent of the total weight; the auxiliary material comprises TiO2, Y2O3 and Nd2O3; and the mineralizing agent comprises CaO, MgO, K2O and Na2O. According to the red-mud ceramic tableware provided by the invention, the preparation method comprises the steps of molding the raw materials and baking the raw materials into a finished product, so that the problems of impact resistance, strength, heat-resisting surging performance, moisture-absorption expansion coefficient and the like of the product are solved; the color and luster of the product are pure and bright; a process route of the red-mud ceramic tableware meets feldspathic refined ceramic requirements and the export pass rate is more than 95 percent; and therefore, thered-mud ceramic tableware has a wide market prospect.

Description

A kind of red soil crockery and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the crockery technical field, relate in particular to a kind of red soil crockery and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
As far back as the nineties in last century Italy, Mexico with regard to development research red soil pottery tableware, and carried out suitability for industrialized production, it serves as that the basis wins high admiration with its distinctive bright-coloured redness with technology and the material of daily pottery, broken the general layout of tableware material single whiteization, the product American-European market of being in great demand.
China produces the history in existing 5,000 years of pottery, the mountain region aboundresources, but do not excavate and utilization rationally, has only thick, stupid, the heavy low-grade red soil flowerpot of a small amount of manufacturer production, raw material energy consumption is big, and export price is low, and resource utilization is not high, and red soil crockery export price exceeds more than 20 times in red soil flowerpot, and mud consumption amount has only red soil flowerpot 1/20th.There are problems such as biscuiting product water-intake rate is on the low side, glazing is difficult, product distortion, product double exposure, Hua Ji in prior art red soil crockery.
So there is defective in prior art, need to improve.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is, the problem that exists at prior art provides a kind of red soil crockery and preparation method thereof, and this red soil crockery has solved the problem that water-intake rate is on the low side and product is out of shape after prior art pottery biscuiting and the glaze firing.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows: a kind of red soil crockery, it is characterized in that, described red soil crockery batching is by major ingredient, mineralizer also adds auxiliary material and evenly mixes composition, wherein major ingredient comprises SiO2, and Al203 and Fe203 form, and major ingredient accounts for 80~94wt% of gross weight, auxiliary material accounts for 0.3~5wt% of gross weight, and mineralizer accounts for 5.7~15wt% of gross weight.
Wherein, described auxiliary material is TiO 2, Y 2O 3And Nd 2O 3, mineralizer is CaO, MgO, K 2O and Na 2O, the ingredients by weight per-cent composition of described red soil crockery is:
SiO 2:58 68%,Al 2O 3:18 20%,Fe203:3 6%,CaO:3 5%,MgO:2 5%,K 2O:1.8-4%,Na 2O:0.4-2.7%,TiO 2:0.16-1.5%,Y 2O 3:0.09-1%,Nd 2O:0.05-0.5%。
A kind of preparation method of red soil crockery, wherein, described step comprises:
A, press surface compositions and get the raw materials ready, be i.e. SiO 2: 58-68%, Al 2O 3: 18-20%, Fe203:3-6%, CaO:3-5%, MgO:2-5%, K 2O:1.8-4%, Na 2O:0.4-2.7%, TiO 2: 0.16-1.5%, Y 2O 3: 0.09-1%, Nd 2O:0.05-0.5%, by weight percentage;
B, above-mentioned batching is put into ball mill carry out ball milling, the control batching: ball: the ratio of water is 1: 2: 0.8, and fineness is controlled in 16~17 μ m, sieves and deironing;
C, employing slip casting or plastic compression stream pressure method are made the work in-process of red soil crockery, and wherein slip casting product process is inserted slurry in the red soil crockery mould and made work in-process; Plastic compression stream pressure method comprises press filtration, vacuum pugging, to product roll forming and plastic compression or stream pressure, pressure-filtering process control pug moisture content is 22~23%, pressure-controlling is at 20kg/cm2, the vacuum degree control of vacuum pugging is in 0.94~0.98 MPa, the water ratio of pug is 2225%, pugging number of times at least two times; Pug moisture content during the product roll forming is 22~23%, and the pug moisture content that plastic compression or stream are pressed is 23~25%;
D, biscuiting are burnt till the work in-process among the step C under oxidizing atmosphere, the biscuiting temperature is 1120 ℃~1150 ℃, and optimum temps is 1140 ℃, and firing period is 4.5~8 hours, and biscuiting product water-intake rate is 10.5~12%;
E, glazing are gone into kiln and are carried out glaze firing, and temperature of glaze firing is 1000~1150 ℃, and firing period is 2.5~3.5 hours;
F, the product after the glaze firing is carried out surface decoration, decoration firing, and test, packing and finished product are put in storage.
Concrete, in technical solution of the present invention:
SiO2 (industry quartzy) is all very stable Mineral resources of a kind of physical properties and chemical property, and quartzy outward appearance often is white in color, oyster white or greyish white translucent, and Mohs' hardness is 7, section tool vitreous luster or greasy luster.
Al203 is commonly called as alumina, is a kind of white amorphous meal that is insoluble in water, can be used as the dehydration of organic solvent, organic reaction catalyzer, abrasive and rumbling compound.
Fe203 is reddish-brown or black amorphous powder; 1565 ℃ of fusing points, relative density 5.24; Industrial title red iron oxide can be used as catalyzer and rumbling compound.
TiO2: claim titanium white again, 1830~1850 ℃ of fusing points, 2500~3000 ℃ of boiling points, the white pigment that is employed is because its light and unusual high refractive index extensively are used in the manufacturing refractory glass, glaze, fields such as potter's clay, resistant to elevated temperatures vessel.
Nd203: Neodymium trioxide, be the lavender pressed powder, relative density 7.24, about 1900 ℃ of fusing point adds the high oxide that heat energy partly generates neodymium in air.Be used for glass, tinting material and the laserable material of pottery.
Y203: yttrium oxide, white powder is widely used in various fluorescent materials, high quality refractory materials, hard mass laser crystals, many most advanced and sophisticated application of superconduction material material and electronic industry aspect.
CaO: calcium oxide, main application: for the manufacture of calcium carbide, liquid caustic soda, chlorinated lime, be fusing assistant.
MgO: magnesium oxide, white is powder easily, is used for pottery, the manufacturing of senior magnesia brick, refractory materials and material which can retain moisture.
Among the present invention, preparing the color development that product of the present invention uses the processing condition that are different from prior art to be specially the characteristic use base substrate ferric oxide of red soil pottery develops the color, and ferric oxide base substrate composition difference under differing temps, it is inequality to develop the color, therefore the production key of red soil crockery is the selection of prescription and the technology controlling and process of preparation process, in that product decoration is bright-colored in the product decoration for guaranteeing, contrast gradient is high, impose cosmetic soil at the red soil pottery.But it is the customary means of this area with the production process of burning till that the slip casting of the present invention that is specifically related to or plastic compression stream pressure method are made the work in-process technological process of red soil crockery, and detailed process is not done detailed description.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: after the present invention adopts technique scheme, mainly be divided three classes in preparation of raw material: the first kind is major ingredient, comprises SiO2, Al203 and Fe203; Second class is mineralizer, is CaO, MgO, and K20 and Na20, the 3rd class is auxiliary material, and TiO2 is arranged, and Y203 and Nd20 introduce an amount of rare earth element, can guarantee that the Fe203 colour developing is pure, and temperature range is wide, and aberration is little, reduces defectives such as double exposure, flower mark, glaze pit.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1: the method steps of preparation red soil crockery specifically comprises as follows:
Step 1, preparation batching: press column weight amount per-cent and take by weighing raw mineral materials, 65.96% SiO2,20% Al203,4% Fe203,4.14% CaO, 2.98% MgO, 1.98% K20,0.55% Na20,0.22% TiO2,0.11% Y203,0.06% Nd20.
Step 2, each raw material of step 1 is put into ball mill carry out ball milling, the control batching: ball: the ratio of water is 1: 2: 0.8, and the fineness of ball milling is 16 μ m, sieves and deironing.
The method of step 3, employing slip casting product is made the work in-process of red soil crockery, and its control condition is that pug moisture content is 33-35%, fineness D90=15-16 μ m.
Step 4, biscuiting: the work in-process of gained in the step 3 are burnt till under oxidizing atmosphere, and the biscuiting temperature is 1140 ℃, and firing period is 8 hours, and biscuiting product water-intake rate is 12%.
Step 5, glazing are gone into kiln and are carried out glaze firing, and temperature of glaze firing is 1080 ℃, and firing period is 3.5 hours.
Step 6, the product after the glaze firing is carried out surface decoration, decoration firing, and test, packing and finished product are put in storage.
Embodiment 2: the method steps of preparation red soil crockery specifically comprises as follows:
Step 1, preparation batching: press column weight amount per-cent and take by weighing raw mineral materials, 66% SiO2,19% Al203,3% Fe203,4% CaO, 3% MgO, 2% K20,1% Na20,1% TiO2,0.5% Y203,0.5% Nd20.
Step 2, each raw material that step 1 is taken by weighing are put into ball mill and are carried out ball milling, and the control batching: ball: the ratio of water is 1: 2: 0.8, and the fineness of ball milling is in the 17 μ m, sieves and deironing.
Step 3, employing plastic compression stream pressure method are made the work in-process of red soil crockery, plastic compression stream pressure method comprises press filtration, vacuum pugging, to product roll forming and plastic compression or stream pressure, pressure-filtering process control pug moisture content is 2223%, pressure-controlling is at 20kg/cm2, the vacuum degree control of vacuum pugging is in the 0.940.98 MPa, and the water ratio of pug is 2225%, pugging number of times at least two times; Pug moisture content during the product roll forming is 2223%, and the pug moisture content that plastic compression or stream are pressed is 2325%.
Step 4, biscuiting: the work in-process of gained in the step 3 are burnt till under oxidizing atmosphere, and the biscuiting temperature is 1150 ℃, and firing period is 7 hours, and biscuiting product water-intake rate is 11%.
Step 5, glazing are gone into kiln and are carried out glaze firing, and temperature of glaze firing is 1100 ℃, and firing period is 3 hours.
Step 6, the product after the glaze firing is carried out surface decoration, decoration firing, and test, packing and finished product are put in storage.
The present invention detects its physical and chemical index through the Jiangsu ceramic research, and makes comparisons with fine pottery, and its performance is better than fine pottery, detailed being shown in Table 1.
It should be noted that, above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, although with reference to preferred embodiment the present invention is had been described in detail, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can make amendment or be equal to replacement technical scheme of the present invention, and not breaking away from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. red soil crockery, it is characterized in that, described red soil crockery batching is by major ingredient, mineralizer also adds auxiliary material and evenly mixes composition, and wherein major ingredient comprises SiO2, and Al2O3 and Fe2O3 form, major ingredient accounts for 80 ~ 94wt% of gross weight, auxiliary material accounts for 0.3 ~ 5wt% of gross weight, and mineralizer accounts for 5.7 ~ 15wt% of gross weight, and described auxiliary material is TiO 2, Y 2O 3And Nd 2O 3, mineralizer is CaO, MgO, K 2O and Na 2O, the ingredients by weight per-cent composition of described red soil crockery is:
SiO 2 65.96% Al 2O 3 20 %
Fe 2O 3 4% CaO 4.14%
MgO 2.98% K 2O 1.98%
Na 2O 0.55% TiO 2 0.22 %
Y 2O 3 0.11 % Nd 2O 0.06%。
2. the preparation method of a red soil crockery is characterized in that, described step comprises:
A, prepare burden by the prescription of claim 1;
B, described batching is put into ball mill carry out ball milling, the control batching: ball: the ratio of water is 1:2:0.8, and fineness is controlled in 16 ~ 17 μ m;
C, employing slip casting or plastic compression stream pressure method are made the work in-process of red soil crockery;
D, biscuiting are burnt till described work in-process under oxidizing atmosphere, the biscuiting temperature is 1120 ℃ ~ 1150 ℃, and firing period is 4.5 ~ 8 hours, and biscuiting product water-intake rate is 10.5 ~ 12%;
E, glazing are gone into kiln and are carried out glaze firing, and temperature of glaze firing is 1000 ~ 1150 ℃, and firing period is 2.5 ~ 3.5 hours;
F, the product after the glaze firing is carried out surface decoration, decoration firing, and test, packing and finished product warehouse-in, wherein, the control pug moisture content is 33 ~ 35% during to described red soil crockery mould in slip casting, and described plastic compression stream pressure method comprises press filtration, vacuum pugging, the product roll forming, plastic compression or stream are pressed, and wherein: the pug moisture content control during described press filtration is at 22-23%, and pressure is 20kg/cm2, the vacuum tightness of described vacuum pugging is 0.94 ~ 0.98 MPa, pugging number of times at least two times.
CN 201110457196 2011-12-30 2011-12-30 Red-mud ceramic tableware and preparation method thereof Active CN102515729B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110457196 CN102515729B (en) 2011-12-30 2011-12-30 Red-mud ceramic tableware and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110457196 CN102515729B (en) 2011-12-30 2011-12-30 Red-mud ceramic tableware and preparation method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102515729A CN102515729A (en) 2012-06-27
CN102515729B true CN102515729B (en) 2013-08-07

Family

ID=46286873

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201110457196 Active CN102515729B (en) 2011-12-30 2011-12-30 Red-mud ceramic tableware and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102515729B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108912738B (en) * 2018-06-06 2021-08-10 华南理工大学 Near-infrared high-reflectivity ceramic pigment and preparation method thereof
CN108821781A (en) * 2018-06-23 2018-11-16 刘道灵 A kind of manufacturing method of intelligence tableware

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1325429C (en) * 2004-06-08 2007-07-11 景德镇环球陶瓷有限公司 Underglazed color porcelain and its production
CN101544491A (en) * 2008-08-28 2009-09-30 郑小凌 Pug formula of bone porcelain and preparation technology thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102515729A (en) 2012-06-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106431365A (en) Ultrawhite polished tile and preparation method thereof
Ke et al. Dolomite, wollastonite and calcite as different CaO sources in anorthite-based porcelain
Cheng et al. Fabrication and characterization of anorthite-based ceramic using mineral raw materials
CN101891455B (en) Middle-low temperature sintered fine bone china and production method thereof
CN100447111C (en) Crystalline glaze of iron, zinc and augite and its material compounding process
CN104591687B (en) Wide colour gamut ink-jet glaze decorations floor tile and production technology thereof
CN102363286B (en) Steel blank grinding abrasion wheel adopting microcrystal ceramic bonding agents
CN101838138B (en) Novel transparent high-level porcelain mud material and porcelain product thereof
CN101481261A (en) Titanium, zinc and pyroxene crystal glaze and preparing method thereof
CN102180659B (en) A kind of talcum building ceramic brick and manufacture method thereof
CN108840665B (en) High-transparency, high-whiteness and high-strength thin-wall porcelain plate
CN101665347A (en) Daily-used fine porcelain with high property and preparation method thereof
CN107226691A (en) A kind of green transmutation sagging ceramic and its manufacture craft
CN103755330B (en) Desert wind sand is utilized to prepare the method for quartzose pottery
CN102030513A (en) Industrial purple sand product materials and manufacturing method
CN103951387A (en) Garden landscape sintered brick produced by utilizing ceramic waste materials and waste slag
CN106277792B (en) A kind of emerald blueness glaze and its method for cooking
CN103641447A (en) Preparation method for engineering ceramic acid and alkali resistant container
CN109650848A (en) It is a kind of from raw glaze enamel porcelain pug and use its technique for preparing enamel porcelain
CN107619268B (en) Porcelain formula and production process
CN1028017C (en) Self-releasing enamel low-temp ceramics
Kayacı The use of perlite as flux in the production of porcelain stoneware tiles
CN101665349A (en) Temperature resistant ceramic product
CN102515729B (en) Red-mud ceramic tableware and preparation method thereof
CN109592991A (en) A kind of pearl-frosted glaze ceramics and its manufacture craft of waste old ceramics preparation

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: Yixing dingshuzhen West Village 214221 Jiangsu city of Wuxi Province

Patentee after: Jiangsu Beifu Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: Yixing dingshuzhen West Village 214221 Jiangsu city of Wuxi Province

Patentee before: Jiangsu Baifu Technology Co., Ltd.