CN102507125B - Auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash - Google Patents

Auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102507125B
CN102507125B CN201110340514.8A CN201110340514A CN102507125B CN 102507125 B CN102507125 B CN 102507125B CN 201110340514 A CN201110340514 A CN 201110340514A CN 102507125 B CN102507125 B CN 102507125B
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auxiliary
vertical
guide rail
read head
slide way
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CN102507125A (en
Inventor
胡伟强
郑祖丹
吴斌
于峰
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Shanghai motor vehicle inspection and Certification Technology Research Center Co., Ltd.
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SHANGHAI MOTOR VEHICLE INSPECTION CENTER
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Abstract

The invention provides an auxiliary device for positioning a dummy in a car crash. The auxiliary device can improve the accuracy in the positioning of the dummy and comprises a framework (1), transverse guide rails (2a and 2b), transverse slide components (3a and 3b), a vertical guide rail (4), a vertical slide component (5), an aiming device and a measurement element, wherein the transverse guide rails (2a and 2b) are horizontally mounted on the framework, the transverse slide components (3a and 3b) are mounted on the transverse guide rails in a manner of being capable of sliding along the transverse guide rails, the vertical guide rail (4) is vertically mounted on the transverse guide rails through the transverse slide components, the vertical slide component (5) is mounted on the vertical guide rail in a manner of being capable of sliding along the vertical guide rail, the aiming device is arranged on the vertical slide component and is used for aiming and positioning a target point, and the measurement element is used for detecting a first sliding distance of the transverse slide components on the transverse guide rails and a second sliding distance of the vertical slide component on the vertical guide rail.

Description

Auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash
Technical field
The invention belongs to automobile product technical field of measurement and test, relate to particularly the accurately proving installation of location of auxiliary crash test dummy, especially relate to auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash.
Background technology
Testing dummy's location accurately whether, directly affect the data accuracy that in process of the test, dummy's sensor obtains.For fear of in test because dummy location is forbidden to cause test findings to be made mistakes, various countries' impact test chamber designed, designed or configured the accuracy that corresponding Experimental Establishment is guaranteed test all for this reason.
Domestic carry out vehicle impact testing relatively evening, although Ge Jia inspection center is all carrying out vehicle impact testing, but there is no at present testing dummy's locating device ancillary test, domesticly also without this series products, without professional manufacturer, research and develop this series products, each show his special prowess in each testing laboratory of testing agency, adopt the method for oneself, have and rely on testing crew operating experience, also have the joint arm of employing to measure to control etc., there is no special-purpose auxiliary device for positioning.In prior art, there is no the auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash that can address the above problem.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash, it can improve dummy's accurate positioning.
For achieving the above object, auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash of the present invention comprises: framework; With horizontality, be arranged on the cross slide way on described framework; In the mode that can slide along described cross slide way, be arranged on the horizontal slide assemblies on described cross slide way; By described horizontal slide assemblies, be vertically mounted on the vertical guide rail on described cross slide way; In the mode that can slide along described vertical guide rail, be arranged on the vertical sliding assembly on described vertical guide rail; Be arranged on described vertical sliding assembly, for impact point being aimed to the sighting device of location; And the measuring sensor that the first sliding distance on described cross slide way and second sliding distance of described vertical sliding assembly on described vertical guide rail detect to described horizontal slide assemblies; Described framework comprises: chassis body, and described chassis body is rectangular, and has upper boom, lower beam and by described upper boom and described lower beam two side levers connected with each other; And frame supporter, described frame supporter is shaft-like, and in the mode of the plane perpendicular to being surrounded by described upper boom, described lower beam, two described side levers, is arranged on the two ends of described lower beam.
According to auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash of the present invention, by the linear guides laterally and on this both direction of vertical direction, sighting device is moved up and down, impact point is aimed to location, and utilize measuring sensor to detect the sighting device distance moving left and right and the distance moving up and down, therefore, compare with currently available technology, the present invention is the relative coordinate of measuring target point easily and accurately, thereby car crash dummy is accurately located.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 means the schematic perspective view of auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the embodiment of auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash of the present invention is described.
As shown in Figure 1, auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash of the present invention mainly comprises: framework 1; Be arranged on two cross slide way 2a, the 2b that extend along X-X direction (parallel with the ground that auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash is installed) up and down on framework 1; By upper and lower two horizontal slide assemblies 3a, 3b, can be arranged on movably vertical guide rail 4 on cross slide way 2a, 2b, that extend along Z-Z direction (vertical with the ground that auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash is installed) along X-X direction; Can be arranged on movably the vertical sliding assembly 5 on vertical guide rail 4 along Z-Z direction; Be arranged on the sighting device (not shown) on vertical sliding assembly 5; Be arranged on cross slide way 2a and laterally the first measuring sensor (not shown) on slide assemblies 3a and be arranged on vertical guide rail 4 and vertical sliding assembly 5 on the second measuring sensor (not shown); And the measurement result display (not shown) that is arranged on the side of framework 1.
In the present embodiment, framework 1 comprises that rectangular chassis body and two are shaft-like frame supporter 1b1,1b2, wherein, chassis body forms by the upper boom 1a1, the lower beam 1a3 that extend along X-X direction and by upper boom 1a1 and lower beam 1a3 side lever 1a2, side lever 1a4 along the extension of Z-Z direction connected with each other, and the planar fashion that frame supporter 1b1,1b2 surround with each bar 1a1~1a4 perpendicular to by chassis body is arranged on the two ends of lower beam 1a3.At shaft-like frame supporter 1b1,1b2 two ends separately, be separately installed with a support and adjustment assembly 8, support for auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash is fixed and leveling, and each supports with adjustment assembly 8 and is comprised of the roller 8a that can lock and leveling bolt 8b.In addition, as shown in Figure 1, for increasing the rigidity of framework 1, between the bar adjacent one another are of chassis body, be respectively equipped with brace 1a5.
In the present embodiment, two cross slide way 2a, 2b are arranged on respectively on upper boom 1a1 and lower beam 1a3, be respectively equipped with not shown locking device can be arranged on movably along X-X direction on horizontal slide assemblies 3a, the 3b on cross slide way 2a, 2b, this locking device can make horizontal slide assemblies 3a, the 3b position in the X-X of cross slide way 2a, 2b direction fix.Though not shown, locking device can by slide assemblies 3a, 3b along screw that in figure, Z-Z direction wears be screwed into this screw to form with screw or the bolt of upper boom 1a1, lower beam 1a3 butt.In addition, the motor isoline actuator that drives horizontal slide assemblies 3a, 3b to slide also can be set on upper boom 1a1 and lower beam 1a3.Equally, can be arranged on movably on the vertical sliding assembly 5 on vertical guide rail 4 and also be provided with not shown locking device along Z-Z direction, this locking device can make the position of vertical sliding assembly 5 in the Z-Z of vertical guide rail 4 direction fix, to make to be arranged on the height and position of the sighting device 6 on vertical sliding assembly 5, fixes.
In the present embodiment, sighting device is arranged in the sighting device riding position 6 on vertical sliding assembly 5, for impact point being aimed to location.At this, what sighting device adopted is laser sight impact point being aimed at by penetrating the laser of the plane surrounding perpendicular to each bar 1a1~1a4 by chassis body.
In the present embodiment, the first measuring sensor is by the first magnetic scale (magnetic railings ruler being arranged on cross slide way 2a, not shown) and be arranged on the first read head (magnetic sensor on horizontal slide assemblies 3a, not shown) form, the second measuring sensor is by the second magnetic scale (magnetic railings ruler being arranged on vertical guide rail, not shown) and be arranged on the second read head (magnetic sensor on vertical sliding assembly, not shown) form, slip along with horizontal slide assemblies and vertical sliding assembly, the first read head and the second read head can detect horizontal slide assemblies, the distance that vertical sliding assembly slips over.
In the present embodiment, roughly centre position on the length direction (the Z-Z direction in Fig. 1) of the side lever 1a2 of framework 1 is provided with the cross bar 1a6 that extend in the outside along X-X direction towards framework 1, on the shown position 7 of this cross bar 1a6, measurement result display is set, this measurement result display is connected with measuring sensor, for receiving and each detected distance of display measurement element.
Below the using method of auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash of the present invention is briefly described.
First, car crash dummy is fixed on for example, on the seat (driver's seat) of automobile.
Then, auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash is moved to automobile side apart from the position of automobile predetermined distance, and make cross slide way 2a, the 2b of auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash parallel with the fore-and-aft direction of automobile.
Then, by roller 8a locking, auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash is fixed with respect to the relative position of automobile, then, to leveling bolt, 8b regulates, and makes cross slide way 2a, the 2b of auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash parallel to the ground.
Then, utilize cross slide way 2a, 2b, horizontal slide assemblies 3a, 3b and vertical guide rail 4, make vertical sliding assembly 5 from initial position, move to primary importance, so that be arranged on the first object point of the sighting device aiming dummy on vertical sliding assembly 5, now, the first measuring sensor detects the lateral separation that horizontal slide assemblies slips over, the second measuring sensor detects the vertical range that vertical sliding assembly slips over, these distance values are output to measurement result display, show the first coordinate consisting of lateral separation value and vertical range value in display.Then, utilize cross slide way 2a, 2b, horizontal slide assemblies 3a, 3b and vertical guide rail 4 to make vertical sliding assembly 5 move to the second place, so that be arranged on the second impact point of the sighting device aiming dummy on vertical sliding assembly 5, now, the first measuring sensor detects the lateral separation that horizontal slide assemblies slips over, the second measuring sensor detects the vertical range that vertical sliding assembly slips over, these distance values are output to measurement result display, show the second coordinate consisting of lateral separation value and vertical range value in display.Like this, utilize cross slide way 2a, 2b, horizontal slide assemblies 3a, 3b and vertical guide rail 4, make vertical sliding assembly 5 move to a plurality of target locations, thereby obtain a plurality of coordinates, by analysis, compare these coordinate positions, just can judge that whether dummy's location is accurate.
By reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is exemplarily described above, obvious specific implementation of the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments.
In the above-described embodiments, be respectively provided with up and down a cross slide way, but, cross slide way also can only arrange one.
In the above-described embodiments, on four angles of framework 1, be provided with and amount to four supports and adjustment assembly 8, but, support and the number of adjustment assembly 8 also according to actual needs (for example stability requirement) adjust.
In the above-described embodiments, adopt laser sight as sighting device, but also can adopt common foresight as sighting device.
In the above-described embodiments, the first magnetic scale and the first read head are separately positioned on cross slide way 2a and laterally slide assemblies 3a is upper, but the first magnetic scale and the first read head also can be separately positioned on cross slide way 2b and horizontal slide assemblies 3b.In addition, in the above-described embodiments, measuring sensor consists of the read head that is separately positioned on the magnetic scale on cross slide way and vertical guide rail and be separately positioned on horizontal slide assemblies and vertical sliding assembly, but be not limited to this, measuring sensor also can consist of the read head that is separately positioned on the grating scale on cross slide way and vertical guide rail and be separately positioned on horizontal slide assemblies and vertical sliding assembly.In addition, measuring sensor is not limited to by magnetic scale, grating scale and read head and forms, it can also be replaced by known other measuring equipment, for example, common ruler or mark scale also can be set respectively on cross slide way and vertical guide rail, and on laterally slide assemblies and vertical sliding assembly, be provided for respectively indicating the indicator of the position of slide assemblies on guide rail, by visual inspection, determine the distance that horizontal slide assemblies and vertical sliding assembly slide on horizontal slide assemblies and vertical sliding assembly.In addition, also there is no particular limitation for the setting position of measuring sensor, as long as can measure vertical sliding assembly 5 with respect to the relative coordinate of initial position.
In the above-described embodiments, on framework 1, be provided with measurement result display, but measurement result display is not limited to and is arranged on framework, also can divide and be arranged with framework, also can utilize the read head with display to replace above-mentioned read head and display.In addition, also measurement result display can be set.

Claims (7)

1. an auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash, comprises framework, it is characterized in that, also comprises:
Cross slide way, this cross slide way is arranged on described framework with horizontality;
Horizontal slide assemblies, this horizontal slide assemblies is arranged on described cross slide way in the mode that can slide along described cross slide way;
Vertical guide rail, this vertical guide rail is vertically mounted on described cross slide way by described horizontal slide assemblies;
Vertical sliding assembly, this vertical sliding assembly is arranged on described vertical guide rail in the mode that can slide along described vertical guide rail;
Sighting device, this sighting device is arranged on described vertical sliding assembly, for impact point being aimed to location; And
Measuring sensor, to described horizontal slide assemblies, the first sliding distance on described cross slide way and second sliding distance of described vertical sliding assembly on described vertical guide rail detect this measuring sensor,
Described framework comprises:
Chassis body, described chassis body is rectangular, and has upper boom, lower beam and by described upper boom and described lower beam two side levers connected with each other; And
Frame supporter, described frame supporter is shaft-like, and in the mode of the plane perpendicular to being surrounded by described upper boom, described lower beam, two described side levers, is arranged on the two ends of described lower beam.
2. auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise measurement result display, this measurement result display is connected by data line with described measuring sensor, for showing described the first sliding distance and described the second sliding distance being detected by described measuring sensor.
3. auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described measuring sensor comprises: be arranged on the first scale on described cross slide way; Be arranged on described horizontal slide assemblies, indicate the first indicator of the position of described horizontal slide assemblies on described cross slide way; Be arranged on the second scale on described vertical guide rail; And be arranged on described vertical sliding assembly, indicate the second indicator of the position of described vertical sliding assembly on described vertical guide rail.
4. auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described measuring sensor comprises: be arranged on the first magnetic scale on described cross slide way; Be arranged on the first read head detecting on described horizontal slide assemblies, to described the first sliding distance; Be arranged on the second magnetic scale on described vertical guide rail; And be arranged on the second read head detecting on described vertical sliding assembly, to described the second sliding distance,
Described auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash also comprises measurement result display, this measurement result display is connected by data line with described the first read head and described the second read head, for showing described the first sliding distance and described the second sliding distance being detected by described the first read head and described the second read head.
5. auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described measuring sensor comprises: be arranged on the first grating scale on described cross slide way; Be arranged on the first read head detecting on described horizontal slide assemblies, to described the first sliding distance; Be arranged on the second grating scale on described vertical guide rail; And be arranged on the second read head detecting on described vertical sliding assembly, to described the second sliding distance,
Described auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash also comprises measurement result display, this measurement result display is connected by data line with described the first read head and described the second read head, for showing described the first sliding distance and described the second sliding distance being detected by described the first read head and described the second read head.
6. auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, is respectively equipped with a described cross slide way on described upper boom and described lower beam, is respectively equipped with a described horizontal slide assemblies described in each on cross slide way.
7. auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, is separately installed with supports and adjust assembly at the two ends that are shaft-like described frame supporter, and this supports comprises with adjustment assembly roller and the leveling bolt that can lock.
CN201110340514.8A 2011-11-01 2011-11-01 Auxiliary device for positioning dummy in car crash Active CN102507125B (en)

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CN102897460A (en) * 2012-09-14 2013-01-30 上海精星仓储设备工程有限公司 Distributing shuttle vehicle located by magnetic grid ruler for automatic stereoscopic warehouse
CN103411746B (en) * 2013-08-08 2016-01-20 中国汽车技术研究中心 The localization method of dummy in the test of vehicle passive security
CN104406576B (en) * 2014-12-04 2018-05-01 浙江吉利汽车研究院有限公司 Laser locating apparatus
CN104833524A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-12 清华大学苏州汽车研究院(相城) Automotive crash test dummy foot calibration device
CN104849013B (en) * 2015-06-04 2018-08-24 清华大学苏州汽车研究院(相城) Vehicle impact testing dummy neck calibration facility
CN111121682A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-05-08 中汽研汽车检验中心(天津)有限公司 Dummy positioning device and method for trolley

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