CN102503359B - Porcelain polished tile and production method thereof - Google Patents

Porcelain polished tile and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102503359B
CN102503359B CN 201110309097 CN201110309097A CN102503359B CN 102503359 B CN102503359 B CN 102503359B CN 201110309097 CN201110309097 CN 201110309097 CN 201110309097 A CN201110309097 A CN 201110309097A CN 102503359 B CN102503359 B CN 102503359B
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porcelain character
polished brick
polished
brick
porcelain
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CN 201110309097
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102503359A (en
Inventor
余爱民
甄燕萍
曾为民
夏昌奎
傅林刚
樊叶利
郭程长
胡晓文
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杭州诺贝尔集团有限公司
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Publication of CN102503359A publication Critical patent/CN102503359A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a porcelain polished tile and a production method of the porcelain polished tile. The production method comprises the steps of: (1) preparing a porcelain polished tile blank body powder material by a conventional method; (2) preparing a porcelain polished tile slurry; (3) preparing a porcelain polished tile blank body; (4) drying; (5) applying the slurry; (6) drying and sintering; (7) edging and polishing; and (8) sorting, packaging and warehousing. The porcelain polished tile and the production method have the beneficial effect of solving the technical problems of higher requirements of the traditional porcelain polished tile on a material and more waste, and provides a more environment-friendly and economic production method of the porcelain polished tile.

Description

A kind of polished brick in porcelain character and production method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the architectural pottery technical field, particularly relate to a kind of production method of polished brick in porcelain character and the polished brick in porcelain character of producing with the method.
Background technology
At present, as the porcelain brick of building and ornament materials especially polished brick in porcelain character, through developing rapidly and promoting in recent years, its formula system, cloth machinery, production technique etc. are all increasingly mature, occurred from the pure color to the particle, ooze flower, again to micro mist and the present most popular ceramic polished brick product of lines micro mist in market.
But, polished brick in porcelain character is whiteness and the decorative effect that reaches higher, needs a large amount of high quality raw material, especially high grade kaolinite class raw material and high-quality potassium albite class raw materials of using, along with the day by day exhaustion of high quality raw material resource, high ceramic whiteware matter polished tile is hard to carry on.At present, polished brick in porcelain character on the market is general adopt cloth or once above " dreamlike cloth ", " multitube cloth ", " micro mist is cloth repeatedly " etc. repeatedly distributing technique produce, wherein a distributing technique is for the production of pure color entire body polished tile, once above " dreamlike cloth ", " multitube cloth ", " micro mist is cloth repeatedly " etc. repeatedly distributing technique for the production of micro powder polished brick.Repeatedly distributing technique be first with the powder of required different properties, color through blender or feeder stir mixing, mixed material is directly sent into the framed of press with hopper or material-pushing frame, strikes off rear compacting and forms.The micro powder polished brick of non-entire body is after chamfering, and obvious color distortion appears in micro mist layer and end base layer, affects attractive in appearance.For reaching the effect of imitating natural stone texture, also in the pattern permeating tile series product, adopted " oozing flower " polishing technology.The technology of wherein " oozing flower " is to the improvement of ornamental brick printing technique during polished tile is produced, by silk screen to pattern texture intrinsic on the adobe printing screen plate, the solubility chemical industry salt penetrations such as employing such as chromium ion, nickel ion, mn ion, cobalt ion are to the deep of base substrate, burn till the intrinsic color of formation ion through high temperature, produce pattern.Because the perviousness of soluble salt is so that product still can stay floral designs after burning till and polishing.That adopts that " oozing flower " technology produces oozes the comparatively rich reality of colored polished tile pattern, but it is darker that such polished tile is oozed the colored degree of depth, be about 2-3mm, it is extremely limited with solubility chemical industry salt optionally to ooze fancy glaze, the color that causes oozing colored polished tile is very limited, and color development is bright-coloured not, and pattern is abundant not, and " oozing colored salt " is expensive, and defective is also many.In addition, need to carry out edging polishing and antifouling processing after polished tile is burnt till.In polishing process, need to scrape thicknessing, and then rough polishing, the smart throwing, the about 1mm of whole grinding thickness not only consumes a large amount of abrasive materials, the energy and process water, and produces a large amount of polishing slags; Be difficult to recycle aborning owing to these polishing slags produce foaming effect easily, can only adopt at present the mode of landfill to process, not only take a large amount of soils, and impact and contaminate environment.Although, development in recent years goes out the less glaze of stock removal and throws brick product, but existing glaze is thrown brick and stay a lot of pores owing to the space between the transparent dry granular particle is difficult to eliminate in the transparent glass layer behind sintering in sintering process, become open pore after the polishing, affect anti-fouling effect, need to carry out antifouling processing equally.The industry brick need to adopt the minute surface punching block to carry out moulding, and this moulding process can produce the defectives such as sticking to mould, surface be crude because of properties of powder and Changes in weather, yields poorly product quality control difficulty height thereby cause.
On the other hand, the good and bad difference of the raw material of polished brick in porcelain character itself is larger, is mainly reflected on the indexs such as whiteness, foreign matter content, as producing preferably product of product phase, then need use preferably raw material, causes the rising of production cost.
Summary of the invention
What the present invention will solve is the technical problem that existing polished brick in porcelain character is higher to material requirements and waste is larger, and a kind of production method of polished brick in porcelain character of more environmental protection and economy is provided.
Another object of the present invention provides a kind of polished brick in porcelain character of producing with the method.
For finishing first goal of the invention, the technical scheme that adopts is such: a kind of polished brick in porcelain character production method is characterized in that it may further comprise the steps:
(1) prepare according to a conventional method polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder, for subsequent use;
(2) preparation polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive, the starch adhesive composition is identical with the base substrate powder described in the step 1, but K wherein 2O+Na 2O:6~8%, impurity≤4% (being weight part); Fineness be 500 mesh sieve surpluses in 0.5%, flow velocity is 25-30s (50mL), proportion is 1.68-1.72g/cm 3, for subsequent use;
(3) preparation of polished brick in porcelain character base substrate: the polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder uniform spreading cloth that makes in the step (1) in the brick pressing machine die cavity, under the pressure of 20-50MPa, is become the polished brick in porcelain character green compact with polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder pressing;
(4) drying: with the oven dry under 150-300 ℃ in dry kiln of polished brick in porcelain character green compact;
(5) execute starch adhesive: the polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive that step (2) makes is executed on dried polished brick in porcelain character green compact, and it is 1000-1500g/m that unit surface is executed starch adhesive weight 2
(6) dry and burn till: the polished brick in porcelain character green compact that will execute starch adhesive again in dry kiln in 150-300 ℃ of lower oven dry, then in roller kiln, use conventional ceramic firing temperature system, pressure regime and atmosphere system, the polished brick in porcelain character green compact once-firing of starch adhesive will be executed, firing temperature is 1150-1250 ℃, firing period is 40-90min, makes the polished brick in porcelain character work in-process;
(7) edging and polished finish: utilize conventional edging and polishing equipment, adopt Elastic abrasive body, work in-process are carried out edging and polished finish, stock removal makes the polished brick in porcelain character finished product at 0.1-0.2mm;
(8) selection, packing, warehouse-in.
In the above step, all special instructions that do not add all adopt conventional control device of the prior art.
For finishing second goal of the invention, employing be the polished brick in porcelain character of producing by above-mentioned steps.
In the production stage of the present invention, step (2), (5) and (7) are keys of the present invention.
In step (2), the chemical constitution of the polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive that the present invention adopts both had been different from the chemical constitution of polished brick in porcelain character base substrate, and forming with changing into of common glaze slip again has very large difference.This is because concerning the strict polished brick in porcelain character of the performance requriementss such as wear-resisting and resistant, its base substrate especially chemical constitution of upper layer needs consider from the following aspects:
1. to wear resistance, the more mullite crystalline phase that generates of silicon oxide and alumina content is conducive to the raising of wear resistance, and silicon oxide accounts for 65-75% (weight part) in the therefore general porcelain brick prescription, aluminum oxide also need be tried one's best high, reaches 15-25% (weight part);
2. to resistance to soiling, generally can consider to add flux type raw material and produce the q.s glassy phase and fill pore in the ceramic body, but glassy phase can cause the wear resistance of porcelain brick to descend when too many;
3. adopt the ratio that high temperature burns till fast needs to consider flux and fusing assistant, make it satisfy porcelain degree and performance index requirement, need consider simultaneously the adaptability of base substrate and upper layer.
The typical content of the flux type composition such as potassium, sodium is 3.5%-4.5% (weight part) in the polished brick in porcelain character body recipe, the flux type component contents such as potassium, sodium are higher in the polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive of the present invention, and typical content is 6-8% (weight part); Aluminium content is generally less than 10% (weight part) in the common glaze slip, and aluminium content is higher in the polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive of the present invention, and typical content is 16-18% (weight part).This just so that behind the polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive layer sintering between polished brick in porcelain character base substrate and the conventional ceramic glaze existing higher mullite crystal content improve wear resistance, there is again the glassy phase filling pore of q.s to improve resistance to soiling, thereby so that polished brick in porcelain character of the present invention had both had the high-wearing feature of porcelain brick base substrate, the high resistance to soiling of conventional ceramic glaze layer is arranged again.
In step (5), polished brick in porcelain character of the present invention is executed the purpose of starch adhesive and is not only for beautiful decoration, and can improve wear resistance and resistance to soiling, and is thin for what keep entire body sense starch adhesive layer to try one's best simultaneously.In the present invention, the fineness of polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive be 500 mesh sieve surpluses in 0.5%, flow velocity is 25-30s (50mL), proportion is 1.68-1.72g/cm 3, it is 1000-1500g/m that unit surface is executed starch adhesive weight 2, the starch adhesive layer thickness is less than 0.5mm.Polished brick in porcelain character of the present invention is decorated by starch adhesive; can be so that the color of base substrate and starch adhesive needn't be in full accord; thereby can greatly reduce the polished brick in porcelain character base substrate to the usage quantity of high quality raw material resource, not only can resources conseravtion and environment, and can reduce cost.So that the production technique of non-entire body polished brick in porcelain character is simplified greatly, even after the wide-angle chamfering, the color distortion of upper layer and green body layer can not appear also simultaneously.
In step (7), the general employing of polished brick in porcelain character scraped the glossing flow process that thicknessing → rough polishing → essence is thrown, the surface layer thickness that forms behind the starch adhesive layer sintering of polished brick in porcelain character of the present invention is thinner, be about 0.5mm, can need not to scrape thicknessing and directly carry out rough polishing and smart the throwing, and can adopt Elastic abrasive body to polish the polishing effect that can reach final.Therefore, the present invention improves existing glossing flow process, abandon and scrape the thicknessing operation, adopt Elastic abrasive body in rough polishing and the smart operation of throwing, guarantee that polished brick in porcelain character is in same horizontal plane, and the contacting near contour contact of all grinding head for polishing and porcelain brick base substrate, guarantee that with this porcelain brick is stressed substantially even everywhere, so that whole brick face stock removal is basically identical, thereby obtain good polishing effect.The stock removal of the original glossing of polished brick in porcelain character is about 1mm, and the stock removal of the new glossing of the polished brick in porcelain character that the present invention adopts is about 0.1-0.2mm, greatly reduce stock removal, abrasive material consumption, energy consumption and process water consumption have been reduced, and having reduced the generation of polishing slag, whole polishing process required time also reduces about 1/3 than original polishing time of polished brick in porcelain character.After the polishing, the basic pore-free of polished brick in porcelain character upper layer of the present invention can need not further to apply stain control agent, further reduces cost.Stay a lot of pores because the space between the transparent dry granular particle is difficult to eliminate in the transparent glass layer behind sintering and existing glaze is thrown brick in sintering process, becoming open pore after the polishing affects anti-fouling effect, must apply stain control agent and process.
As further technical scheme, after the starch adhesive layer of described polished brick in porcelain character is executed, the printed decoration that can adopt screen process press, roller printing press or ink-jet printer to ooze fancy glaze.Because the starch adhesive layer thickness of polished brick in porcelain character is thinner among the present invention, is about 0.5mm, therefore, the depth of penetration that oozes fancy glaze reduces greatly, is reduced to below the 0.5mm by original 2-3mm.This is just so that ooze fancy glaze and greatly widen with the selectable range of solubility chemical industry salt, and usage quantity reduces greatly, originally disabled some ooze fancy glaze usefulness solubility chemical industry salt, also can be applied among the present invention such as molysite etc.; Also so that original because depth of penetration is darker, need a large amount of the use and cost is significantly risen be difficult to accept ooze fancy glaze with solubility chemical industry salt, also can be applied among the present invention such as zinc salt etc., and make its cost in the acceptable scope.Adopt after the above-mentioned trailing so that the more existing pattern that oozes colored polished tile of polished brick in porcelain character of the present invention is abundanter, decorative pattern is meticulousr, and pattern is finer and smoother, and decorative effect is better.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
(1) preparation of polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder: adopt conventional ceramic preparation technique, select the class raw materials such as kaolin, feldspar, quartz, by batching, wet ball grinding slurrying, spray drying granulation, make water ratio and be 6%, particle diameter is at 20-120 purpose particulate state ceramic powder, chemical composition range is (weight part): SiO 2: 70%, Al 2O 3: 20%, CaO+MgO:2%, K 2O+Na 2O:4%, Fe 2O 3: 0.6%, TiO 2: 0.2%, impurity: surplus.For subsequent use as polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder;
(2) preparation of polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive: adopt conventional ceramic glaze slip preparation technology, select the class raw materials such as kaolin, feldspar, quartz, by batching, wet ball grinding, making fineness is that 500 mesh sieve surpluses are in 0.5%, flow velocity is 27s (50mL), and proportion is 1.70g/cm 3The polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive, chemical composition range is (weight part): SiO 2: 70%, Al 2O 3: 17%, CaO+MgO:3%, K 2O+Na 2O:7%, Fe 2O 3: 0.5%, TiO 2: 0.2%, impurity: surplus.For subsequent use;
(3) preparation of polished brick in porcelain character base substrate: the polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder uniform spreading cloth that makes in the step (1) in the brick pressing machine die cavity, under the pressure of 40MPa, is become the polished brick in porcelain character green compact with polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder pressing;
(4) drying: with the oven dry under 250 ℃ in dry kiln of polished brick in porcelain character green compact;
(5) execute starch adhesive: the polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive that step (2) makes is executed on dried polished brick in porcelain character green compact, and it is 1500g/m that unit surface is executed starch adhesive weight 2
(6) dry and burn till: the polished brick in porcelain character green compact that will execute starch adhesive again in dry kiln in 300 ℃ of lower oven dry, then in roller kiln, use conventional ceramic firing temperature system, pressure regime and atmosphere system, the polished brick in porcelain character green compact once-firing of starch adhesive will be executed, firing temperature is 1200 ℃, firing period is 85min, makes the polished brick in porcelain character work in-process;
(7) edging and polished finish: utilize conventional edging and polishing equipment, the polished brick in porcelain character work in-process are carried out edging and polished finish, make the polished brick in porcelain character finished product;
(8) selection, packing, warehouse-in.
Embodiment 2:
(1) preparation of polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder: adopt conventional ceramic preparation technique, select the class raw materials such as kaolin, feldspar, quartz, by batching, wet ball grinding slurrying, spray drying granulation, make water ratio and be 7%, particle diameter is at 20-120 purpose particulate state ceramic powder, chemical composition range is (weight part): SiO 2: 75%, Al 2O 3: 15%, CaO+MgO:1%, K 2O+Na 2O:4.5%, Fe 2O 3: 0.4%, TiO 2: 0.1%, impurity: surplus.For subsequent use as polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder;
(2) preparation of polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive: adopt conventional ceramic glaze slip preparation technology, select the class raw materials such as kaolin, feldspar, quartz, by batching, wet ball grinding, making fineness is that 500 mesh sieve surpluses are in 0.5%, flow velocity is 30s (50mL), and proportion is 1.72g/cm 3The polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive, chemical composition range is (weight part): SiO 2: 68%, Al 2O 3: 18%, CaO+MgO:3%, K 2O+Na 2O:8%, Fe 2O 3: 0.3%, TiO 2: 0.1%, impurity: surplus.For subsequent use;
(3) preparation of polished brick in porcelain character base substrate: the polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder uniform spreading cloth that makes in the step (1) in the brick pressing machine die cavity, under the pressure of 50MPa, is become the polished brick in porcelain character green compact with polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder pressing;
(4) drying: with the oven dry under 200 ℃ in dry kiln of polished brick in porcelain character green compact;
(5) execute starch adhesive: the polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive that step (2) makes is executed on dried polished brick in porcelain character green compact, and it is 1000g/m that unit surface is executed starch adhesive weight 2
(6) dry and burn till: the polished brick in porcelain character green compact that will execute starch adhesive again in dry kiln in 150 ℃ of lower oven dry, then in roller kiln, use conventional ceramic firing temperature system, pressure regime and atmosphere system, the polished brick in porcelain character green compact once-firing of starch adhesive will be executed, firing temperature is 1210 ℃, firing period is 70min, makes the polished brick in porcelain character work in-process;
(7) edging and polished finish: utilize conventional edging and polishing equipment, the polished brick in porcelain character work in-process are carried out edging and polished finish, make the polished brick in porcelain character finished product;
(8) selection, packing, warehouse-in.
Embodiment 3:
(1) preparation of polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder: adopt conventional ceramic preparation technique, select the class raw materials such as kaolin, feldspar, quartz, by batching, wet ball grinding slurrying, spray drying granulation, make water ratio and be 5%, particle diameter is at 20-120 purpose particulate state ceramic powder, chemical composition range is (weight part): SiO 2: 65%, Al 2O 3: 25%, CaO+MgO:2%, K 2O+Na 2O:3.5%, Fe 2O 3: 0.4%, TiO 2: 0.1%, impurity: surplus.For subsequent use as polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder;
(2) preparation of polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive: adopt conventional ceramic glaze slip preparation technology, select the class raw materials such as kaolin, feldspar, quartz, by batching, wet ball grinding, making fineness is that 500 mesh sieve surpluses are in 0.5%, flow velocity is 30s (50mL), and proportion is 1.72g/cm 3The polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive, chemical composition range is (weight part): SiO 2: 69%, Al 2O 3: 16%, CaO+MgO:3%, K 2O+Na 2O:7.5%, Fe 2O 3: 0.2%, TiO 2: 0.1%, impurity: surplus.For subsequent use;
(3) preparation of polished brick in porcelain character base substrate: the polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder uniform spreading cloth that makes in the step (1) in the brick pressing machine die cavity, under the pressure of 30MPa, is become the polished brick in porcelain character green compact with polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder pressing;
(4) drying: with the oven dry under 150 ℃ in dry kiln of polished brick in porcelain character green compact;
(5) execute starch adhesive: the polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive that step (2) makes is executed on dried polished brick in porcelain character green compact, and it is 1300g/m that unit surface is executed starch adhesive weight 2
(6) dry and burn till: the polished brick in porcelain character green compact that will execute starch adhesive again in dry kiln in 280 ℃ of lower oven dry, then in roller kiln, use conventional ceramic firing temperature system, pressure regime and atmosphere system, the polished brick in porcelain character green compact once-firing of starch adhesive will be executed, firing temperature is 1180 ℃, firing period is 90min, makes the polished brick in porcelain character work in-process;
(7) edging and polished finish: utilize conventional edging and polishing equipment, the polished brick in porcelain character work in-process are carried out edging and polished finish, make the polished brick in porcelain character finished product;
(8) selection, packing, warehouse-in.

Claims (3)

1. polished brick in porcelain character production method is characterized in that it may further comprise the steps:
(1) prepare according to a conventional method polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder, for subsequent use;
(2) preparation polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive, the starch adhesive composition is identical with the base substrate powder described in the step 1, but K wherein 2O+Na 2O:6 ~ 8%, impurity≤4%(all is weight percentage); Fineness be 500 mesh sieve surpluses in 0.5%, flow velocity is every 50ml 25-30s, proportion is 1.68-1.72g/cm 3, for subsequent use;
(3) preparation of polished brick in porcelain character base substrate: the polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder uniform spreading cloth that makes in the step (1) in the brick pressing machine die cavity, under the pressure of 20-50MPa, is become the polished brick in porcelain character green compact with polished brick in porcelain character base substrate powder pressing;
(4) drying: with the polished brick in porcelain character green compact in dry kiln in 150-300 oDry under the C;
(5) execute starch adhesive: the polished brick in porcelain character starch adhesive that step (2) makes is executed on dried polished brick in porcelain character green compact, and it is 1000-1500g/m that unit surface is executed starch adhesive weight 2
(6) dry and burn till: the polished brick in porcelain character green compact that will execute starch adhesive again in dry kiln in 150-300 oDry under the C, then use conventional ceramic firing temperature system, pressure regime and atmosphere system in roller kiln, will execute the polished brick in porcelain character green compact once-firing of starch adhesive, firing temperature is 1150-1250 oC, firing period is 40-90min, makes the polished brick in porcelain character work in-process;
(7) edging and polished finish: utilize conventional edging and polishing equipment, adopt Elastic abrasive body, work in-process are carried out edging and polished finish, stock removal makes the polished brick in porcelain character finished product at 0.1-0.2mm;
(8) selection, packing, warehouse-in.
2. polished brick in porcelain character production method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that in step (5) afterwards, the printed decoration of adopting screen process press, roller printing press or ink-jet printer to ooze fancy glaze.
3. the polished brick in porcelain character of method gained as claimed in claim 1 or 2.
CN 201110309097 2011-10-13 2011-10-13 Porcelain polished tile and production method thereof CN102503359B (en)

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