一种高效的物流调度系统和方法技术领域 本发明涉及一种车辆调度管理方法和系统，更具体地说，涉及一种高效的物流调度方法和系统。 An efficient system and method for scheduling stream Technical Field  The present invention relates to a vehicle dispatch management method and system, and more particularly, relates to an efficient method and system for scheduling stream. 背景技术 物流是将物体从供应地向需求地进行转移的过程，主要包括运输、包装、装卸、配送、流通加工等活动。  The process stream object is transferred from the supply to the demand, including transport, packaging, handling, distribution, distribution and processing activities. 随着现代经济社会的发展，物流服务已经成为商品销售的前提，物流已逐步发展成为决定企业之间竞争力强弱的关键因素，而物流成本的控制和物流活动效率的提高又直接促使企业利润的增加。 With the development of economy and society, logistics services has become a prerequisite for the sale of goods, logistics has gradually developed into deciding between strong and weak competitiveness and the key to control and improve the efficiency of logistics activities and logistics costs led directly to corporate profits increase.  按照从事物流活动的主体和目的来划分，物流可分为企业物流（例如企业的供应物流、销售物流和回收物流）、第三方物流（例如专业的运输）等。  engaged in logistics activities in accordance with the purposes and subject to division, the logistics can be divided into logistics (for example, enterprise supply logistics, distribution logistics and recycling logistics), third-party logistics (such as professional transport) and so on. 无论怎样的物流形式，物流都在其中具有十分重要的地位，因为运输成本要占到物流总成本的35%至50%左右，对许多商品来说，运输成本要占商品价格的4%至10%，也就是说，运输成本占物流总成本的比重比其他物流活动大。 No matter what form of logistics, the logistics are having a very important position, because transport costs account for about 35-50% of the total logistics costs for many commodities, commodity prices, transport costs to account for 4% to 10 %, that is, transportation costs account for the proportion of total logistics costs than other logistics activities.  车辆运输是一种重要的运输方式，随着社会经济的发展以及国家路网建设的不断完善，车辆运输为更多的企业和人群提供了越来越快速、便捷的服务。  vehicle transport is an important mode of transport, with the continuous improvement and development of the national road network of social economy, vehicle transportation provides more rapid and convenient services to more businesses and people. 随着车辆的不断发展，竞争的家具，客户的要求也越来越严格，如何提高企业的竞争力，在降低车辆运营成本的同时还能为服务对象提供及时、准确、安全、周到的服务是与车辆运输相关的企业所面临的重要课题。 With the development of vehicles, furniture competition, customer requirements have become more stringent, how to improve the competitiveness of enterprises, but also to provide timely service targets while reducing vehicle operating costs, accurate, safe, good service is important issues related to vehicle transportation companies are facing.  目前，与车辆运输相关的企业或多或少采用了一些先进的管理理念和管理手段来解决上述课题的某个方面，例如采用GPS系统来解决车辆的定位跟踪问题，采用运输车辆的重型化和专业化来解决运输成本问题，采用计算机系统来解决车辆的管理问题，等等。  Currently, vehicle transportation businesses associated with the use of a number of more or less some aspects of advanced management concepts and management tools to solve the above problems, for example, using a GPS system to solve the problem of vehicle location and tracking, the use of transport vehicles heavy and specialization to solve the transportation costs, the use of computer systems to solve the management problems of the vehicle, and so on. 这些方式都缺乏将车辆运输相关的派车调度、途中监控和任务交换等环节中所发生的物流和信息流进行统一综合管理的手段，很难实现在有效控制成本的同时为服务对象提供及时、 准确、安全。 These methods are the lack of logistics and the flow of information related to vehicle transport scheduling sent a car, en route monitoring and switching tasks and other aspects of what happened a means of unified integrated management, it is difficult to provide timely service to achieve the object while effectively controlling costs, accurate and safe. 周到服务的目标。 Objective and thoughtful service.  车辆调度是现代物流的关键技术，对降低物流成本，提高物流效率起着至关重要的作用。  vehicle scheduling is the key technology of modern logistics, to reduce logistics costs and improve logistics efficiency plays a vital role.  双层规划模型在车辆调度中有着广泛的应用。  level programming model has been widely used in Vehicle Scheduling. 然而一般双层规划模型都只事先确定物流配送方案。 However, only a general level programming model is determined in advance logistics solutions. 在这种情况下，无法应对突发事件及其他影响原有计划的情形。 In this case, unable to respond to emergencies and other circumstances affecting the original plan.  在现有技术中，基于无线车载终端和车辆调度中心的车辆调度方法受到业界的青睐。  In the prior art, based on the vehicle industry favored method of scheduling the wireless terminal and a vehicle-vehicle dispatch center. 通常车辆调度是通过经验丰富的调度员或者简单的调度算法来实现的，这不利于降低运输成本和提高运输效率。 Vehicle scheduling is usually done by an experienced dispatcher or a simple scheduling algorithm, which is not conducive to reduce transport costs and improve transport efficiency. 发明内容 本发明要解决的技术问题在于，针对现有技术的上述缺陷，提供一种可解决以上运输成本和提高运输效率的高效的物流调度系统和方法。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION  The present invention is to solve the technical problem, for the above-described drawbacks of the prior art, there is provided a transportation costs and solve more efficient logistics system and method for scheduling transport efficiency.  本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是：一种高效的物流调度方法，包括： 一种高效的物流调度方法，其特征在于： Si、车辆调度中心根据客户的货物信息在车辆数据库中确定符合所述货物信息特征要素的空闲无线车载终端为调度对象；所述货物信息包括：货物数量、货物类型、货物装载地及货物配送地；所述车辆数据库包括无线车载终端的标识号、型号、装货量及单位里程耗油量； S2、车辆调度中心通过第一无线通信模块向所述空闲无线车载终端发送定位请求； S3、所述空闲无线车载终端收到定位请求后，通过GPS定位模块获取当前位置信息，再通过第二无线通信模块将当前位置信息发送给车辆调度中心； S4、车辆调度中心的第一通信模块接收所述空闲无线车载终端发送回来的当前位置信息，及管理决策单元根据  aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem is that: an efficient stream scheduling method, comprising:  An efficient method for scheduling stream, wherein:  Si, in accordance with the vehicle dispatch center customer information of the goods is determined in the vehicle information database that match the characteristic element of the cargo vehicle idle wireless terminal is a target of the scheduling; the cargo information comprising: a quantity of goods, type of cargo, the cargo loading and cargo distribution manner; database comprising the vehicle vehicle identification number of the wireless terminal, model, and shipment of fuel consumption per mile;  S2, vehicle dispatch center by transmitting a first wireless communication module to the idle wireless terminal vehicle location request;  S3, the after receiving the location request of said wireless vehicle spare terminals acquires current location information via GPS module, and then transmits the current position information to a vehicle dispatch center via the second wireless communication module;  S4, the vehicle of the first communication module dispatch center receiving the idle wireless terminal sends back current vehicle position information, and the decision unit according to the management 述货物装载地、货物配送地、当前位置信息及地理信息库规划最短距离； S5、车辆调度中心的管理决策单元再根据货物数量、货物类型及所述空闲无线车载终端的型号、数量、装货量及单位里程耗油量规划总成本最低，规划最优路径； S6、车辆调度中心通过第一无线通信模块向所述空闲无线车载终端发送调度信息，所述调度信息包括：货物数量、货物类型、货物装载地、货物配送地及路径规划； S7、无线车载终端通过第二无线通信模块接收调度信息，同时将驾驶者的回复应答发送给所述车辆调度中心； S8、车辆调度中心在收到无线车载终端的肯定回复后，将本次调度任务承担者的特征信息发送给客户。 Said load, the distribution of goods, the shortest distance from the current position information and the geographical information database programming goods;  S5, the vehicle dispatch center management decision unit further quantity of goods in accordance with the model, and the type of goods available radio onboard terminal, the number of , loading volume and mileage per unit fuel consumption planning lowest total cost, the optimal path planning;  S6, the vehicle control center transmits scheduling information to the idle wireless vehicle communication module through the first wireless terminal, the scheduling information comprises : quantity of goods, type of cargo, the cargo is loaded, the distribution of goods and the path planning;  S7, the vehicle-mounted radio terminal via the second wireless communication module receiving scheduling information, and transmits the reply to the response of the driver of the vehicle dispatch center ;  S8, vehicle dispatch center received a positive reply wireless vehicle terminal to send the scheduling feature information of this mandate holders to the customer.  在本发明所述的高效的物流调度方法中，所述车辆调度中心实时监控在途无线车载终端的运行情况，当无线车载终端发生突发状况无法继续执行调度任务时，执行以下步骤： S21、无线车载终端向车辆调度中心发送取消执行调度任务的请求； S22、车辆调度中心接收取消请求后回应所述无线车载终端，并刷新符合调度条件的无线车载终端，重复执行步骤S2至S8。  In the efficient stream scheduling method according to the present invention, the vehicle dispatch center in real-time monitoring the operation of the wireless transit vehicle terminal when the radio terminal the occurrence of sudden vehicle status task scheduling can not proceed, perform the following steps:  S21, the wireless terminal transmits vehicle to a vehicle dispatch center cancellation request execution of scheduled tasks;  S22, the vehicle control center receives the response from the wireless terminal after the vehicle cancellation request, and a refresh radio conditions on a schedule vehicle terminal repeat the steps S2 to S8.  在本发明所述的高效的物流调度方法中，所述步骤Sl之前还包括：所述车辆调度中心接收客户发送的调度货物信息，并在没有车辆符合所述调度货物信息时，向客户发送调度失败信息。  In the efficient stream scheduling method according to the present invention, before the step Sl further comprising: receiving scheduling the vehicle dispatch center cargo information sent by the client, and in the absence of cargo vehicle conforms to the scheduling information, to The client sends scheduling information failure.  相应的，本发明还提供一种高效的物流调度系统，包括车辆调度中心、无线车载终端； 车辆调度中心，用于根据客户的货物信息和车辆信息库确定调度对象和调度策略，并生成调度信息；同时依据已确定的调度策略对所述调度对象发送调度信息，并将本次调度任务承担者的特征信息发送给客户；所述调度信息包括：货物数量、货物类型、货物装载地及货物配送地、路径规划； 无线车载终端，通过GPS定位模块获取位置信息，并将其发送给车辆调度中心，并接收所述车辆调度中心发送的调度信息，同时将驾驶者的回复应答发送给所述车辆调度中心。  Accordingly, the present invention also provides an efficient scheduling logistics system, comprising a dispatch center of the vehicle, the vehicle-mounted radio terminal;  vehicle dispatch center, for determining, according to the vehicle information and the goods information database objects scheduling and scheduling policy, and generates the scheduling information; simultaneous transmission scheduling information for the scheduling based on the scheduling policy object is determined, and transmits the feature information of the current scheduled task bearers to the customer; the scheduling information comprising: a quantity of goods, type of goods, the cargo loading and cargo distribution, the path planning;  wireless vehicle terminal acquires the position information via GPS module, and send it to the vehicle control center, and receiving scheduling information transmitted from the vehicle dispatch center while driving respondent's reply is sent to the vehicle dispatch center.  所述车辆调度中心包括： 地理信息库，用于整合和分析所有地理信息和数据、天气信息、实时交通信息和道路情况，生成简洁的关于事件描述、天气状况、影响程度、方向和范围、持续时间、路径规划建议等的数据； 车辆数据库，用于存储全部车辆的信息，包括车辆型号、数量、装货量及单位里程耗油量； 决策管理单元，用于根据客户的货物信息查询所述地理信息库004)、车辆数据库，确定调度对象和调度策略，生成调度信息，同时控制第一无线通信模块发送所述调度信息； 第一无线通信单元，用于将所述决策管理控制单元生成的调度信息发送至无线车载终端，并接收从无线车载终端发送的回复信息； 所述无线车载终端包括： 用于接收车辆调度中心发送的调度信息同时将驾驶员的回复应答发送给所述车辆调度中  The vehicle dispatch center include:  geographical information database, used to integrate and analyze all data and geographic information, weather information, real-time traffic information and road conditions, to generate concise description about events, weather conditions, the impact , the direction and scope, duration, route planning proposals and other data;  vehicle database for storing information of all vehicles, including vehicle type, quantity, unit shipment of mileage and fuel consumption;  decision management means for the goods according to the customer information query geographical information database 004), the vehicle database, determining a scheduling policy and scheduling the object, to generate the scheduling information, while controlling the first wireless communication module transmits the scheduling information;  first a wireless communication unit configured to send the decision management control unit generates scheduling information to the radio-vehicle terminal, and receives the reply information transmitted from the vehicle-mounted radio terminal;  the vehicle-mounted radio terminal comprising:  for receiving scheduling information of the vehicle dispatch center simultaneously transmits the reply transmitted to the vehicle driver response scheduling 的第一无线通信模块、GPS定位模块、传感器接口、信息管理模块、中央处理器， 所述信息管理模块用于信息存储、信息采集、信息显示、信息查询。 The first wireless communication module, GPS positioning module, sensor interface, information management module, a central processing unit, the information management module for storing information, information acquisition, information display, information inquiry.  实施本发明的高效的物流调度方法和系统，具有以下有益效果：本发明采用基于无线车载终端和车辆调度中心的车辆调度方法，可以便捷地实现调度信息的发送和车辆货物信息的反馈。  Efficient stream scheduling method and system according to the present invention has the following advantages: The present invention is based vehicle scheduling method for wireless vehicle terminal and a vehicle control center, can easily realize the feedback transmission and vehicle cargo information scheduling information . 在车辆调度中心，通过管理决策单元得到最优的调度方案，。 Vehicle dispatch center, optimal scheduling scheme through management decision-making unit. 当有异常或突发事件例如接收新的配送需求或更改配送方案等发生时，调度中心可以立即进行重新规划并发送调度信息。 When there is an abnormal or unexpected events such as receiving new distribution requirements or changing distribution programs take place, the dispatch center can be immediately re-planning and scheduling information is transmitted. 同时，若配货车辆发生配送异常，可以立即反馈给车辆调度中心，由车辆调度中心重新规划，发送新的调度指令。 Meanwhile, if the vehicle is involved in picking the delivery exception, it can immediate feedback to the vehicle dispatch center, dispatch center by the vehicle re-planning, scheduling to send a new command. 本发明可以应对突发事件，降低配送成本，提高配送效率。 The present invention can respond to emergencies, reduce distribution costs and improve distribution efficiency. 附图说明 下面将结合附图及实施例对本发明作进一步说明，附图中： 图1是本发明一种高效的物流调度系统结构图； 图2是本发明一种高效的物流调度系统中车辆调度中心的结构图； 图3是本发明一种高效的物流调度系统中无线车载终端的结构图； 图4是本发明一种高效的物流调度系统车辆调度中心的双层规划模型示意图； 图5是本发明一种高效的物流调度方法流程示意图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION  The accompanying drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described below, in the drawings:  FIG. 1 is an efficient scheduling system of the present invention is a configuration diagram stream;  FIG. 2 of the present invention is efficient stream scheduling system configuration diagram of a vehicle control center;  FIG. 3 is an efficient scheduling system of the present invention, stream structure of the wireless vehicle terminal;  FIG. 4 of the present invention is an efficient schematic scheduling system stream level programming model vehicle dispatch center;  FIG. 5 is an efficient scheduling method of the present invention is a schematic flow diagram stream. 具体实施方式 为了使本发明的目的更加清楚明白，以下结合附图及实施例，对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION  In order to make the object of the present invention will become apparent from, the accompanying drawings and the following embodiments, the present invention will be further described in detail. 应当理解，此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明，并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are only intended to illustrate the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.  本发明的核心思想是：车辆调度中心根据客户的货物信息确定符合信息特征要素的车辆做为调度对象，并确定最优的车辆调度策略，并将其发送给调度对象。  The core idea of the invention is: a vehicle according to the customer's dispatch center cargo information to determine compliance with vehicle information characteristic element as scheduling objects, and to determine the optimal vehicle scheduling policy, and send it to the scheduling objects. 车辆调度中心实时监控在途车辆的运行状况，当在途车辆发生突发状况无法继续执行调度任务时，调度中心重新规划，发送新的调度指令。 Vehicle dispatch center in real-time monitoring of vehicle operating conditions the way, when you can not continue to perform in-transit vehicle scheduling tasks unexpected situations occur, the dispatch center to re-planning, scheduling to send a new command.  下面基于本发明的核心思想，结合附图对本发明提供的一种高效的物流调度系统进行说明，如图1所示：本发明的高效的物流调度系统包括：车辆调度中心10、无线车载终端20。  Next, the core idea of the present invention, a highly efficient combined stream scheduling system of the present invention provides the drawings will be described, shown in Figure 1: efficient logistics scheduling system according to the present invention comprises: a vehicle dispatch center 10, a radio vehicle terminal 20.  车辆调度中心10，用于根据客户的货物信息和车辆数据库201确定调度对象和调度策略，并生成调度信息；同时依据已确定的调度策略对调度对象发送调度信息，并将本次调度任务承担者的特征信息发送给客户；调度信息包括：货物数量、货物类型、货物装载地及货物配送地、路径规划； 无线车载终端20，通过GPS定位模块301获取位置信息，并将其发送给车辆调度中心10，并接收车辆调度中心10发送的调度信息，同时将驾驶者的回复应答发送给车辆调度中心10。  The vehicle dispatch center 10, 201 for determining a scheduling policy and scheduling the object according to the customer's vehicle and the goods information database and generates the scheduling information; simultaneous transmission scheduling information based scheduling strategy of scheduling the object has been determined, and this schedule mandate holders feature information sent to the client; schedule information comprising: a quantity of goods, type of cargo, the cargo loading and cargo distribution, the path planning;  20 wireless vehicle terminal 301 acquires the position information through the GPS positioning module, and which is transmitted to the vehicle control center 10, and receives the scheduling information transmitted from the vehicle dispatch center 10, and transmits the reply to the response of the driver 10 of the vehicle dispatch center.  如图2所示，本发明一种高效的物流调度系统中车辆调度中心10的结构图。  As shown in FIG 2, the present invention is an efficient scheduling system stream structure in FIG. 10 of the vehicle dispatch center. 车辆调度中心10包括： 地理信息库204，用于整合和分析所有地理信息和数据、天气信息、实时交通信息和道路情况，生成简洁的关于事件描述、天气状况、影响程度、方向和范围、持续时间、路径规划建议等的数据； 车辆数据库201，用于存储全部车辆的信息，包括车辆型号、数量、装货量及单位里程耗油量； 决策管理单元202，用于根据客户的货物信息查询所述地理信息库204、车辆数据库201，确定调度对象和调度策略，生成调度信息，同时控制第一无线通信模块203发送所述调度信息； 第一无线通信单元203，用于将所述决策管理控制单元202生成的调度信息发送至无线车载终端20，并接收从无线车载终端20发送的回复信息。 Vehicle dispatch center 10 includes:  geographical information database 204, used to integrate and analyze all data and geographic information, weather information, real-time traffic information and road conditions, to generate concise description about events, weather conditions, the impact, the direction and range, duration, path planning advice data;  vehicle database 201, for storing information of all vehicles, including vehicle type, quantity, and shipment of fuel consumption per mile;  the decision management unit 202 , according to the customer's goods information query geographical information database 204, a vehicle database 201, determining a scheduling policy and scheduling the object, to generate the scheduling information, while controlling the first wireless communication module 203 transmits the scheduling information;  first the wireless communication unit 203, configured to send the decision management control unit 202 generates scheduling information to the radio vehicle-mounted terminal 20, and receives information from the vehicle terminal transmits the reply to the radio 20.  如图3所示，本发明一种高效的物流调度系统中无线车载终端20的结构图。  As shown in FIG 3, a configuration diagram of an efficient scheduling system stream in the present invention, the vehicle-mounted radio terminal 20. 无线车载终端20包括： 用于接收车辆调度中心10发送的调度信息同时将驾驶员的回复应答发送给所述车辆调度中心10的第一无线通信模块303、GPS定位模块301、传感器接口304、信息管理模块306、中央处理器302、输入输出设备305，信息管理模块306用于信息存储、信息采集、信息显示、信息查询。 Car radio terminal 20 includes:  10 sends the scheduling information for receiving vehicle dispatch center simultaneously transmits a first reply to the response of the driver of the wireless communication module 303 of vehicle dispatch center 10, GPS positioning module 301, sensor interface 304, the information management module 306, a central processor 302, input-output device 305, information management module 306 for storing information, information acquisition, information display, information inquiry.  本发明高效的物流调度系统通过无线车载终端20的无线通信功能、GPS定位功能及相关传感器接口，可以及时动态地把车辆上货物信息和位置信息反馈给车辆调度中心10 ；车辆调度中心10首先根据地理信息库204(用于整合和分析所有地理信息和数据、天气信息、实时交通信息（车祸、车流量、拥堵等）和道路状况（修路、积水等）信息）确定所有车辆位置，货物装载地点及货物配送地点之间的最优路径和最短距离，在此基础上再结合货物信息和车辆型号、数量、装货量及单位里程耗油量等信息建立双层规划模型，确定调度策略。  efficient logistics scheduling system of the present invention is the wireless vehicle terminal wireless communication function 20, GPS positioning function and associated sensor interface, timely dynamically to the vehicle goods information and the location information back to the vehicle control center 10; vehicle dispatch center 10 first (for integration and analysis) and road conditions in all geographic information and data, weather information, real-time traffic information (accident, traffic congestion, etc. (roads, water, etc.) information) to determine all the vehicles based on geographical information database 204 location, cargo loading optimal path and the shortest distance between the place of location and distribution of goods, on the basis of combined cargo information and vehicle type, quantity, unit shipment of mileage and fuel consumption and other information to establish bi-level programming model, determine scheduling policy. 双层模型是leader和follower模型，leader层以最低配送成本为目标确定车辆派发方案，对follower层发出决策；在leader决策下，follower层以做优路径和最短行驶距离为目标确定行驶路径并把结果反馈给leader层。 Layer model is the model follower and leader, leader distribution costs at the lowest layer of the target vehicle determined distribution scheme, issued decisions follower layer; leader at the decision-making, in order to give priority follower layer and the shortest path is determined as a target travel distance and the travel path layer results back to the leader. 通过求解模型可以得到成本最低调度方案并发送相应调度指令给车载终端。 Scheduling scheme can be obtained by solving a minimum cost model and scheduling instructions to send a corresponding vehicle terminal. 同时调度中心可实时地监控车辆的货物配送情况。 Meanwhile dispatch center can monitor real-time cargo delivery vehicle situation. 当有异常事件或者突发事件发生时，车辆调度中心10可以重新进行规划确定新的调度方案并发送给车载终端。 When there is an abnormal event or emergency occurs, the vehicle can be re-dispatch center 10 plan to determine new scheduling scheme and sent to the vehicle terminal.  如图4所示，是本发明一种高效的物流调度系统车辆调度中心的双层规划模型示意图； 该双层规划模型设置于车辆调度中心10的决策管理单元102，该双层规划模型的输入数据包括：货物信息，包括货物数量、类型及装卸和配送地；车队现有车辆信息，包括车辆类型、车辆数量、载货量和单位里程耗油量等信息；各车辆地点、货物装载地点及货物配送地点之间的最优路径和最短距离。  As shown in FIG 4, the present invention is a highly schematic scheduling system stream level programming model vehicle dispatch center;  The decision level programming model management unit 102 provided in the vehicle dispatch center 10, which is level programming model of the input data comprising: a goods information, including the number of goods, and the type of ground handling and distribution; existing fleet vehicle information including vehicle type, vehicle number, and the amount of cargo per mile fuel consumption information; each vehicle location, optimal path between the place of cargo loading and cargo distribution locations and the shortest distance. 双层规划模型对该输入数据进行综合处理，经过Leader层和follower层的共同作用，输出调度策略结果。 Level programming model for the integrated treatment of input data, interaction Leader layer after layer and follower output scheduling policy results. 该双层规划模型的输出包括：最优车辆派发方案，即保证完成输送任务下，成本最低的方案；最优货物装车方案，即何种车装载多少量何种货物的最佳方案；最优路径规划，即每辆车在装载一定货物后的最优配送路径。 The output of the bi-level programming model include: optimal vehicle distribution program, which is to ensure the completion of the task at delivery, lowest cost solutions; optimal cargo loading plan that best how much of what what goods vehicle loading; most optimal path planning, that is, the optimal delivery route of each vehicle after loading certain goods. 该双层规划模型可以看成leader和follower之间的问题。 The bi-level programming model can be seen as a problem between the leader and the follower. lead层追求总成本最低确定车辆派发方案并把此方案作为决策传达给follower层，follower层在此决策的前提下进行货物装车和路径优化并把结果反馈给leader层，leader层在收到反馈信息后再进行相应的决策调整。 lead layer pursuit of the lowest total cost of the vehicle to determine the distribution of this program and the program as a decision communicated to the follower layer, follower layer for cargo loading and path under the premise of this decision and to optimize the results back to the leader layer, leader layers receive feedback information and then make the appropriate decisions to adjust.  如图5所示，是本发明的一种高效的物流调度方法流程示意图。  As shown in FIG 5, the present invention is an efficient method of scheduling a schematic flow diagram stream.  S501、车辆调度中心10根据客户的货物信息在车辆数据库201中确定符合所述货物信息特征要素的空闲无线车载终端20为调度对象；所述货物信息包括：货物数量、货物类型、货物装载地及货物配送地；所述车辆数据库201包括无线车载终端20的标识号、型号、装货量及单位里程耗油量； S502、车辆调度中心10通过第一无线通信模块203向所述空闲无线车载终端20 发送定位请求； S503、所述空闲无线车载终端20收到定位请求后，通过GPS定位模块301获取当前位置信息，再通过第二无线通信模块303将当前位置信息发送给车辆调度中心10 ； S504、车辆调度中心10的第一通信模块203接收所述空闲无线车载终端20发送回来的当前位置信息，及管理决策单元102根据所述货物装载地、货物配送地、当前位置信息及地理信息库104规划最短距离； S505、车辆调  S501, the vehicle dispatch center 10 determines the information consumer goods-vehicle terminal compliance information available radio characteristic element of the cargo in the vehicle database 201 to schedule the object 20; the cargo information comprising: a quantity of goods, type of goods, goods to the loading and cargo distribution; the vehicle database 201 includes a wireless terminal identification number of the vehicle 20, model, and shipment of fuel consumption per mile;  S502, the control center 10 to the vehicle via a first wireless communication module 203 the idle radio-vehicle terminal 20 transmits the positioning request;  S503, the idle wireless vehicle terminal 20 receives the positioning request 301 acquires current location information via GPS module, and then through the second wireless communication module 303 the current position information is transmitted to the vehicle control center 10;  S504, the vehicle dispatch center 203 of the first communication module 10 receives the current location information of the terminal 20 transmits the idle wireless vehicle back, and management decision unit 102 according to the cargo loading, goods distribution, the current location information and the geographical information database 104 planning shortest distance;  S505, the vehicle tune 中心10的管理决策单元202再根据货物数量、货物类型及所述空闲无线车载终端20的型号、数量、装货量及单位里程耗油量规划总成本最低，规划最优路径； S506、车辆调度中心10通过第一无线通信模块203向所述空闲无线车载终端20 发送调度信息，所述调度信息包括：货物数量、货物类型、货物装载地、货物配送地及路径规划； S507、无线车载终端20通过第二无线通信模块203接收调度信息，同时将驾驶者的回复应答发送给所述车辆调度中心10 ； S508、车辆调度中心10在收到无线车载终端20的肯定回复后，将本次调度任务承担者的特征信息发送给客户。 Decision unit 10 of the management center 202 and then the number of the lowest total cost of goods, and the type of goods available radio terminal model vehicle 20, the number of units and mileage shipment of fuel consumption planning, optimal path planning;  S506 the vehicle 203 transmits scheduling dispatch center 10 through the first wireless communication module to the idle wireless vehicle information terminal 20, the scheduling information includes: the quantity of goods, the type of cargo, the cargo is loaded, the distribution of goods and the path planning;  S507, the radio 203 receives the vehicle-mounted terminal 20 through the second wireless communication module scheduling information, and will respond to the driver of the vehicle in response to a dispatch center 10;  S508, the vehicle dispatch center 10 in the vehicle-mounted terminal 20 receives the radio after a positive reply, send characteristic information present scheduling mandate holders to the customer.  车辆调度中心10实时监控在途无线车载终端20的运行情况，当无线车载终端20 发生突发状况无法继续执行调度任务时，执行以下步骤： S509、无线车载终端20向车辆调度中心10发送取消执行调度任务的请求； S510、车辆调度中心10接收取消请求后回应所述无线车载终端20，并刷新符合调度条件的无线车载终端20，重复执行步骤S502至S508。  vehicle dispatch center 10 real-time monitoring operation of transit wireless vehicle terminal 20, when the wireless vehicle terminal 20 from unexpected situations can not continue to perform scheduled tasks, perform the following steps:  S509, wireless vehicle terminal 20 to the vehicle scheduling transmitting a request to cancel the execution of scheduled tasks center 10;  S510, the vehicle control center 10 receives the cancellation request response to the wireless vehicle terminal 20, and the radio conditions on a schedule refresh vehicle terminal 20, repeat steps S502 to S508.  车辆调度中心10在步骤S501之前还包括：车辆调度中心接收客户发送的调度需求信息，并在没有车辆符合所述调度需求信息时，向客户发送调度失败信息。  10 vehicle dispatch center prior to step S501 further comprising: a vehicle control center needs receiving scheduling information sent by the client, and when the vehicle is not in line with the schedule demand information, failure information to the client transmits scheduling.  使用该高效车辆调度方法时，车辆调度中心10实时监控在途车辆的运行情况。 When the  scheduling method using the high vehicle, the vehicle control center 10 in real-time monitoring of the operation of the transit vehicle. 当无线车载终端20发生突发情况无法执行调度任务时，可以向车辆调度中心10发送取消执行任务的请求，车辆调度中心10在接收到取消请求后回应，并重新执行步骤S502至S508， 进行新的调度。 When the wireless terminal 20 occurs vehicle emergency situations can not perform scheduling tasks, it may send a request to cancel the vehicle dispatch center 10 perform a task, the vehicle control center 10 in response to the request after receiving the cancel and re-executes steps S502 to S508, a new scheduling.  车辆调度中心实时监控在途车辆的运行情况，并对异常情况进行处理。  vehicle dispatch center in real-time monitoring of the operation of the transit vehicles, and exceptions processing.  途中动态配货，主要涉及给正在执行任务或者执行完任务正在返回的车辆分配临时任务。  dynamic picking his way, mainly related to the vehicle is performing a task or executing the tasks assigned temporary duty are returning.  车辆行驶情况的监控，主要涉及对执行任务车辆的行驶情况实时查询监控。  monitoring of vehicles driving situation, mainly related to the implementation of tasks in real-time query vehicle driving situation monitoring. 车辆调度中心10通过电子地图查看所有在途的调度车辆，将车辆的实时位置信息和行驶数据信息在电子地图上显示。 View all 10 vehicle dispatch center dispatch vehicles in transit through the electronic map, real-time location information and vehicle information with data displayed on the electronic map.  车辆调度中心10通过无线通信模块103接收无线车载终端20的超速、越界、意外情况等报警信息，车辆调度中心10在确认警情发生或其他特殊情况下，向无线车载终端20 发送断油/断电指令，无线车载终端20在接收到指令后执行断油断电的动作，并在重新确定调度方案。  The vehicle control center 10 receiving wireless in-vehicle terminal via the wireless communication module 103 overspeed 20, bounds, accidents and other alarm information, vehicle dispatch center 10 confirmed alarm occurs or other special circumstances, 20 sending off the wireless vehicle terminal oil / power-down instruction, the radio terminal 20 performs off-vehicle fuel cut operation upon receiving an instruction, and re-scheduling scheme is determined.  以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已，并不用以限制本发明，凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等，均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。  The foregoing is only preferred embodiments of the present invention but are not intended to limit the present invention, any modifications within the spirit and principle of the present invention, equivalent substitutions and improvements should be included in the present within the scope of the invention.