CN102491102B - Railway port transfer bulk cargo loading and unloading operation method and system - Google Patents

Railway port transfer bulk cargo loading and unloading operation method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102491102B
CN102491102B CN 201110431418 CN201110431418A CN102491102B CN 102491102 B CN102491102 B CN 102491102B CN 201110431418 CN201110431418 CN 201110431418 CN 201110431418 A CN201110431418 A CN 201110431418A CN 102491102 B CN102491102 B CN 102491102B
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railway
platform
unloading
wagon box
cargo
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CN 201110431418
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CN102491102A (en
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王天奇
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JILIN MINGPU OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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JILIN MINGPU OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a railway port transfer bulk cargo loading and unloading operation method, which comprises: pushing cargo carriages of a grouped rain to a railway transfer carrying platform; loading a single cargo carriage onto a transport automobile by using a railway transport loading and unloading platform, fixing the single cargo carriage onto the transport automobile alone, and transporting the single cargo carriage to a freight yard railway transfer carrying platform designated by a port freight yard according to the attribution of the cargo; and automatically unloading bulk cargo from the freight yard railway transfer carrying platform and completing shipping. According to the method, a track flat plate and a railway are connected by a lifting platform so as to allow the single cargo carriage to be pushed on the track flat plate smoothly and fix the single cargo carriage on the track platform; and the track flat plate on the lifting platform can synchronously rises and falls with the single cargo carriage to load the single cargo carriage onto the transport automobile or unload the single cargo carriage from the transport automobile, and the track flat plate is transported with the single cargo carriage. The loading and unloading efficiency of the railway port bulk cargo combined transportation is increased. One complete 'loading-unloading' or 'unloading-loading' process is avoided, and the combined transportation loading and unloading operation efficiency is increased.

Description

A kind of railway port transfer bulk handling operational method and system
Technical field
The invention provides a kind of railway port transfer bulk handling operational method and system, is the improvement to existing Storage of Goods method, belongs to the goods technical field of memory.
Background technology
Traditional goods transport storage method is: at first utilize railway to transport bulk goods near the harbour, unload the bulk goods in train wagons compartment at railway goods yard; Then bulk goods is loaded onto automobile, utilizes automobile again bulk goods to be transported to the bulk handling field at harbour, outstanding feature be bulk goods in this flow process, be described as the process of " unloading-entrucking-unloading-shipment ".If bulk goods is loaded onto lorry from ship, it is also the process of " unload a ship-entrucking-unload-freight ".Just the place-exchange of bulk handling initial sum termination lorry and freighter once.Therefore in each handling process, cause a large amount of bulk goods to run off; Form sometimes " sudden and violent native airborne dust ", cause serious environmental pollution.What is more important: in the process of " unload-fill-unload-dress ", operating efficiency is too low, has reduced harbour shipment efficient, has also reduced the port capacity, has improved logistics cost.The for example transportation of northeast soybean, railway are transported to the soybean in Heilungkiang near the Dalian harbor, along the process of continuous " unload-fill-unload-dress ", at last goods are gone on board.Even the train of same train number, because the goods ownership is different, load and unload and also can not obscure sometimes, diverse location loads and unloads in the goods yard, harbour, brings larger trouble to port operation, and operating efficiency further worsens.
Railway car ferries mode between existing straits is the permutation compartment to be divided into several parts shift onto on the railway wheel ferryboat, from first transport to second ground, again the permutation compartment is unloaded from the railway car ferries freighter on second ground, but when bulk goods is adopted the railway car ferries operation, all need to build the railway car ferries harbour in first, second two places, be used for bulk goods ferry transportation; Because railway car ferries Wharf Construction cost is billions of, the construction period reaches 3 ~ 5 years.In addition, there is no the process of loading or unloading due to the goods in car load railway carriage or compartment, can not implement bulk handling in the harbour on first, second ground, the logistics cost increasing of bulk goods grouping thus, marshalling and shipping system and railway system's coordinated management.Can't implement bulk goods ferry operation for what there is no a railway car ferries berth terms.
Summary of the invention
Invention provides a kind of railway port transfer bulk handling operational method, has solved the shortcoming of existing railway port transfer bulk handling work flow, has realized whole train single-unit wagon box being transported to the goods yard, harbour, loads and unloads.
The present invention also provides the operating system that realizes said method, is used for the operation of railway port transfer bulk handling.
Railway port transfer bulk handling operational method disclosed by the invention comprises the following steps:
The wagon box of marshaling is shifted onto on iron running microscope carrier, utilized the Railway transportation platform that the single-unit wagon box is loaded onto transporting cars, the single-unit wagon box independently is fixed on transporting cars, the goods yard Railway transportation that is transported to the appointment of goods yard, harbour according to the goods ownership is reprinted platform; Reprint on platform at the goods yard Railway transportation and automatically unload bulk goods, complete shipment.
Use two Railway transportations to reprint platform Railway transportation reprinting platform in described operation and be arranged in railway goods yard, be used for the single-unit wagon box and load onto transporting cars from railroad track, perhaps the single-unit wagon box on transporting cars is organized into groups according to the train running planning chart; Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is arranged in the goods yard, harbour, and unloading automatically in the single-unit boxcar that is used on transporting cars, perhaps is used for goods yard, the single-unit wagon box harbour loading on transporting cars.
Railway transportation provided by the invention is reprinted platform, it is characterized in that: comprise that lifting table, track flat board, transporting cars consist of; Wherein, lifting table is made of base, oil cylinder, hydraulic oil, piston, plain cushion, saddle; Oil cylinder is fixed on base, and plain cushion is fixed on the piston of oil cylinder, simultaneously below the captive joint saddle; Piston and plain cushion are that cylinder rotates the contact connection structure.
The track flat board is made of platform, transition connecting plate, table top adapter plate, train standard-gauge rail, and transition connecting plate is fixed by bolts on platform.Train standard-gauge rail and table top adapter plate are fixed by bolts on transition connecting plate; The spacing of train standard-gauge rail and train standard pitch are wide.
The single-unit wagon box is loaded on the track flat board, together with lifting table aligning track for a train plane.
Reprint platform (being called for short iron running microscope carrier) at railway truck-transporting cars, transporting cars is loaded onto in train single-unit compartment, after transporting to the goods yard, harbour, utilize the Railway transportation bay-lift in goods yard directly to unload bulk goods, so can load onto ship.Process simplification is the process of " Railway transportation-Railway transportation unloads-loads onto ship ".It is different that Railway transportation of the present invention is reprinted the railway car ferrieses such as platform and Hainan: at first the present invention transports the single-unit boxcar, and railway car ferries is an array carriage; Secondly, the Railway transportation in the present invention is reprinted platform makes the bulk goods of wagon box in the process of the loading of goods yard, harbour and unloading in addition, railway car ferries a row train from first ground with transporting to second, or from second with transporting to first, the goods in car load railway carriage or compartment does not have the process of loading or unloading.The present invention has train marshalling function again, and railway car ferries does not have.
The difference of the bulk goods wagon box tipper at the present invention and harbour, Qinhuangdao is, it is mobile that Railway transportation is reprinted platform, can move to the goods yard, harbour to single-unit bulk goods wagon box, not only can unload, can also be in the goods yard, harbour, the bulk goods of unloading down on ship is directly loaded onto the train wagons railway carriage or compartment; And the tipper in Qinhuangdao is fixed, and can only unload at railway goods yard.
Be transported to the loading process of railway from ship, be inverse process, exactly Cargo On Deck be discharged to the harbour lorry, reprint at the harbour Railway transportation and directly load onto lorry single-unit compartment on platform, transport to the railway goods yard Railway transportation and reprint platform directly go up rail just passable, process simplification is " unload-Railway transportation fill-go up rail ".
Be organized as several different lorry bulk goods that belong to unit for a row train, can in cross-docking, directly transport to the ad-hoc location unloading of goods yard, harbour.Operating efficiency also is improved.Flow process of the present invention is very strong to the adjustment capability of operation.
The present invention has deducted complete " unloading-entrucking " or " entrucking-unloading " process at original operation process, and overall efficiency provides nearly one times.Also reduce the bulk goods loss, improved the port capacity.For example: the mixed row of a plurality of owners of cargo of 4000 tons of row, 5 kilometers of goods yard transhipment distances, spend 18 hours at the loadingunloading time that original technique is average.Use " Railway transportation-unloading-dress " operation, saved 6 hours.And the man power and material who employs also correspondingly reduces by three/the last one.Reduced generally the labour cost of half.And the port capacity has correspondingly improved 1/3rd.
The advantage that the present invention has is as follows:Utilize lifting table to make that track is dull and stereotyped and rail straight-through, allow the single-unit wagon box steadily to be brought to the track flat board and fixing boxcar on the track flat board; The track flat board of lifting table can with the synchronous oscilaltion in single-unit boxcar, load onto transporting cars, perhaps unload from transporting cars, together with single-unit boxcar one transportation.When requiring Automobile Transportation, the track flat board can be fixed on transporting cars jointly with the single-unit boxcar.Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is had automatic unloading function, can automatically unload bulk goods in goods yard, harbour any given position, also can together bear with transporting cars the impact of tip lorry loading.Improved the through transport of railway port bulk goods handling efficiency.Obviously reduce once complete " fill-unload " or " unload-fill " flow process, improved through transport loading and unloading operation efficient.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the present invention's " Railway transportation-unloading-dress " flow diagram;
In figure: 1, wagon box; 2, iron running microscope carrier; 3, freighter; 4, the goods yard, harbour; 5, railway goods yard; 6, the transhipment highway between the goods yard; 7, port and pier; 8, the goods yard Railway transportation is reprinted platform.
Fig. 2, Railway transportation loading bench structure principle chart;
In figure: 2.1, lifting table; 2.2 track is dull and stereotyped; 2.3, transporting cars; 1, wagon box.
Fig. 3, track slab construction figure;
In figure: 2.2.1, platform; 2.2.2, transition connecting plate; 2.2.3, the table top adapter plate; 2.2.4, the train standard-gauge rail.
Fig. 4, the lifting table constructional drawing;
In figure: 2.1.1, base; 2.1.2, oil cylinder; 2.1.3, hydraulic oil; 2.1.4, piston; 2.1.5, plain cushion; 2.1.6, saddle.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Railway port transfer bulk handling operational method comprises the following steps:
As shown in Figure 1, the wagon box 1 of marshaling is shifted onto on iron running microscope carrier 2, utilize Railway transportation platform 2 that single-unit wagon box 1 is loaded onto transporting cars 2.3, single-unit wagon box 1 independently is fixed on transporting cars 2.3, the goods yard Railway transportation that is transported to 4 appointments of goods yard, harbour according to the goods ownership is reprinted platform 8; Reprint on platform 8 at the goods yard Railway transportation and automatically unload bulk goods, complete shipment 3.
Use two Railway transportations to reprint platform 2,8 in described operation, Railway transportation is reprinted platform 2 and is arranged in railway goods yard 5,, be used for single-unit wagon box 1 and load onto transporting cars 2.3 from railroad track, perhaps the single-unit wagon box 1 on transporting cars 2.3 is organized into groups according to the train running planning chart; Railway transportation is reprinted platform 8 and is arranged in goods yard, harbour 4, is used for single-unit boxcar 1 unloading automatically on transporting cars 2.3, perhaps is used for single-unit wagon box 1 goods yard, harbour 4 loadings on transporting cars 2.3.
According to Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, Railway transportation is reprinted platform 2,8 structures are as follows: comprise lifting table 2.1, and track flat board 2.2, transporting cars 2.3 consists of; Wherein, lifting table 2.1 is by base 2.1.1, oil cylinder 2.1.2, and hydraulic oil 2.1.3, piston 2.1.4, plain cushion 2.1.5, saddle 2.1.6 consists of (referring to Fig. 4); Oil cylinder 2.1.2 is fixed on base 2.1.1, and plain cushion 2.1.5 is fixed on the piston 2.1.4 of oil cylinder 2.1.2, simultaneously below captive joint saddle 2.1.6; Piston 2.1.4 and plain cushion 2.1.5 are that cylinder rotates the contact connection structure.
According to shown in Figure 3, track flat board 2.2 is by platform 2.2.1, transition connecting plate 2.2.2, and table top adapter plate 2.2.3, train standard-gauge rail 2.2.4 consists of, and transition connecting plate 2.2.2 is fixed by bolts on platform 2.2.1; Train standard-gauge rail 2.2.4 and table top adapter plate 2.2.3 are fixed by bolts on transition connecting plate 2.2.2; Spacing and the train standard pitch of train standard-gauge rail 2.2.4 are wide.
According to shown in Figure 1, railway bulk goods compartment 1 normal loading ability is 60 tons, single-unit compartment deadweight: 20.6 tons.Track in enforcement dull and stereotyped 2.2 adopts the frame box structure, and 3 meters are wide, and long 15 meters, 0.3 meter of thickness, 120 tons of load-carrying capacitys; Transition connecting plate 2.2.2 thickness is 50mm; The dull and stereotyped table top adapter plate of track 2.2.3 thickness is 152, and is basic contour with the GB50KG rail, is convenient to compartment 3 fixed installations and wearing and tearing replacing.Approximately 10 tons of dull and stereotyped 2.2 deadweights of track.
Lifting table 2.1 is comprised of 0.3 meter thick lightweight frame box structure saddle 2.1.6 and hydraulic ram 2.1.2; Saddle 2.1.6 is wide 4 meters, 15 meters of length; Hydraulic ram 2.1.2 single cylinder load is 200 tons, 0.3 meter of lifting travel; 0.2 meter of base 2.1.1 thickness, 0.5 meter of diameter, the both sides hydraulic ram can form domatic, and angle is 4.3 °, two collaborative works of homonymy; 0.1 meter of plain cushion 2.1.5 thickness, 0.3 meter of diameter is used for jacking cylinder and saddle and is fixedly connected.
During real work was used, the production time table of single-unit wagon box: " Railway transportation " reprinted platform 0.2 hour, transported " unload-fill " 0.5 hour, bicycle production time 0.9 hour 0.2 hour.One hour Detroit automation is processed 5 single-unit compartments, 4000 tons of about 70 joint compartments, and a cover Railway transportation is reprinted 14 hours platform Detroit automation time.Consider the different owner of cargos' branch requirement, 5 owners of cargo for example, corresponding five cover Railway transportations are reprinted platforms, amount to Detroit automation approximately 2.8 hours.In conjunction with the single grab trolley work data of single game: 16 hours/car.Actually complete the time of shipment approximately about 10 hours.

Claims (2)

1. railway port transfer bulk handling operational method comprises the following steps:
The wagon box of marshaling is shifted onto Railway transportation reprint on platform, utilize the Railway transportation platform that the single-unit wagon box is loaded onto transporting cars, the single-unit wagon box independently is fixed on transporting cars, the goods yard Railway transportation that is transported to the appointment of goods yard, harbour according to the goods ownership is reprinted platform; Reprint on platform at the goods yard Railway transportation and automatically unload bulk goods, complete shipment;
Use two Railway transportations to reprint platform in described operation, Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is arranged in railway goods yard, is used for the single-unit wagon box and loads onto transporting cars from railroad track, perhaps the single-unit wagon box on transporting cars is organized into groups according to the train running planning chart; Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is arranged in the goods yard, harbour, and the single-unit wagon box that is used on transporting cars is unloaded automatically, perhaps is used for goods yard, the single-unit wagon box harbour loading on transporting cars; The single-unit wagon box is loaded on the track flat board, together with lifting table aligning track for a train plane.
2. the Railway transportation that relates in the described railway port transfer bulk handling of claim 1 operational method is reprinted platform, and structure is as follows: be made of lifting table, track flat board, transporting cars; Wherein, lifting table is made of base, oil cylinder, hydraulic oil, piston, plain cushion, saddle; Oil cylinder is fixed on base, and plain cushion is fixed on the piston of oil cylinder, simultaneously below the captive joint saddle; Piston and plain cushion are that cylinder rotates the contact connection structure;
The track flat board is made of platform, transition connecting plate, table top adapter plate, train standard-gauge rail, transition connecting plate, is fixed by bolts on platform; Train standard-gauge rail and table top adapter plate are fixed by bolts on transition connecting plate; The spacing of train standard-gauge rail and train standard pitch are wide.
CN 201110431418 2011-12-21 2011-12-21 Railway port transfer bulk cargo loading and unloading operation method and system Active CN102491102B (en)

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108861641A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-11-23 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method for molten iron through transport railway port station and port area goods in exchange
CN108891936A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-11-27 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method that molten iron through transport railway port station to the stockyard Gang Qu is unloaded
CN109095196A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-12-28 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method that molten iron through transport railway port station to the stockyard Gang Qu is unloaded
CN109081125A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-12-25 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method that molten iron through transport railway port station to the stockyard Gang Qu is unloaded
CN108861642A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-11-23 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method that molten iron through transport railway port station to the stockyard Gang Qu is unloaded

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JP4515537B1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2010-08-04 富士男 中楚 Cartrain vehicle loading and unloading equipment
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CN87104292A (en) * 1986-06-19 1988-07-20 铁路大师系统公司 Railroad train and employed parts thereof that improved trailer is by road formed
DE4414528A1 (en) * 1994-04-26 1995-11-02 Gottfried Perdolt Railway wagon loading and unloading installation
CN1156432A (en) * 1994-08-22 1997-08-06 小亚历山大·法勒 Process and device for transferring freight
CN1443129A (en) * 2000-06-23 2003-09-17 罗尔工业公司 System for transporting and skew loading/unloading of cars in combined railway/road transport railway station and method for using same
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