CN102491102A - Railway port transfer bulk cargo loading and unloading operation method and system - Google Patents

Railway port transfer bulk cargo loading and unloading operation method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102491102A
CN102491102A CN2011104314184A CN201110431418A CN102491102A CN 102491102 A CN102491102 A CN 102491102A CN 2011104314184 A CN2011104314184 A CN 2011104314184A CN 201110431418 A CN201110431418 A CN 201110431418A CN 102491102 A CN102491102 A CN 102491102A
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China
Prior art keywords
railway
platform
unloading
cargo
harbour
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CN2011104314184A
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CN102491102B (en
Inventor
王天奇
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JILIN MINGPU OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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JILIN MINGPU OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 201110431418 priority Critical patent/CN102491102B/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a railway port transfer bulk cargo loading and unloading operation method, which comprises: pushing cargo carriages of a grouped rain to a railway transfer carrying platform; loading a single cargo carriage onto a transport automobile by using a railway transport loading and unloading platform, fixing the single cargo carriage onto the transport automobile alone, and transporting the single cargo carriage to a freight yard railway transfer carrying platform designated by a port freight yard according to the attribution of the cargo; and automatically unloading bulk cargo from the freight yard railway transfer carrying platform and completing shipping. According to the method, a track flat plate and a railway are connected by a lifting platform so as to allow the single cargo carriage to be pushed on the track flat plate smoothly and fix the single cargo carriage on the track platform; and the track flat plate on the lifting platform can synchronously rises and falls with the single cargo carriage to load the single cargo carriage onto the transport automobile or unload the single cargo carriage from the transport automobile, and the track flat plate is transported with the single cargo carriage. The loading and unloading efficiency of the railway port bulk cargo combined transportation is increased. One complete 'loading-unloading' or 'unloading-loading' process is avoided, and the combined transportation loading and unloading operation efficiency is increased.

Description

A kind of railway harbour transhipment bulk handling operational method and system
Technical field
The present invention provides a kind of railway harbour transhipment bulk handling operational method and system, is to existing Storage of Goods development of method, belongs to the goods technical field of memory.
Background technology
Traditional goods transport storage method is: at first utilize railway to transport bulk goods near the harbour, unload the bulk goods in train wagons compartment at railway goods yard; Load onto automobile to bulk goods then, utilize automobile to transport to bulk goods the bulk handling field at harbour again, outstanding characteristic be bulk goods in this flow process, be described as the process of " unloading-entrucking-unload-load onto ship ".If load onto lorry to bulk goods from ship, also be the process of " unloading a ship-entrucking-unload-freight ".Just the place-exchange of bulk handling initial sum termination lorry and freighter once.Therefore in each handling process, cause a large amount of bulk goods to run off; Form sometimes " sudden and violent native airborne dust ", cause serious environmental to pollute.What is more important: in the process of " unloading-adorn-unload-adorn ", operating efficiency is too low, has reduced harbour shipment efficient, has also reduced the port capacity, has improved logistics cost.The for example transportation of northeast soybean, railway are transported to the soybean in Heilungkiang near the Dalian harbor, along the process of continuous " unloading-adorn-unload-adorn ", go on board goods at last.Even the train of same train number because the goods ownership is different, loads and unloads and also can not obscure sometimes, diverse location loads and unloads in the goods yard, harbour, brings bigger trouble to port operation, and operating efficiency further worsens.
Railway car ferries mode between the existing straits is the permutation compartment to be divided into several sections shift onto on the railway wheel ferryboat; From first transport to second ground; Again the permutation compartment is unloaded from the railway car ferries freighter on second ground; But when bulk goods is adopted the railway car ferries operation, all need build the railway car ferries harbour, be used for bulk goods ferry transportation in first, second two places; Because the railway car ferries Wharf Construction is expensive billions of, the construction period reaches 3 ~ 5 years.In addition, because the goods in car load railway carriage or compartment does not have the process of loading or unloading, in the harbour on first, second ground, can not implement bulk handling, the logistics cost of bulk goods grouping thus, marshalling and shipping system and railway system's coordinated management strengthens.Can't not implement bulk goods ferry operation for what have a railway car ferries berth terms.
Summary of the invention
Invention provides a kind of railway harbour transhipment bulk handling operational method, has solved the shortcoming of existing railway harbour transhipment bulk handling work flow, has realized wholely transporting to the goods yard, harbour to train single-unit wagon box, loads and unloads.
The present invention also provides the operating system that realizes said method, is used for the operation of railway harbour transhipment bulk handling.
Railway disclosed by the invention harbour transhipment bulk handling operational method may further comprise the steps:
Shift the wagon box of marshaling on the iron running microscope carrier onto, utilize the Railway transportation platform to load onto transporting cars to the single-unit wagon box, make single-unit wagon box independent stationary on transporting cars, the goods yard Railway transportation that is transported to the appointment of goods yard, harbour according to the goods ownership is reprinted platform; On goods yard Railway transportation reprinting platform, unload bulk goods automatically, accomplish shipment.
Use two Railway transportations to reprint platform Railway transportation reprinting platform in the described operation and be arranged in railway goods yard, be used for the single-unit wagon box and load onto transporting cars, perhaps organize into groups the single-unit wagon box on the transporting cars according to the train running planning chart from railroad track; Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is arranged in the goods yard, harbour, unloads automatically in the single-unit boxcar that is used on the transporting cars, perhaps is used for goods yard, the single-unit wagon box harbour loading on the transporting cars.
Railway transportation provided by the invention is reprinted platform, it is characterized in that: comprise lifting table, dull and stereotyped, the transporting cars formation of track; Wherein, lifting table is made up of base, oil cylinder, hydraulic oil, piston, plain cushion, saddle; Oil cylinder is fixed on the base, and plain cushion is fixed on the piston of oil cylinder, simultaneously below the captive joint saddle; Piston is that the cylinder rotation contacts draw bail with plain cushion.
The track flat board is made up of platform, transition connecting plate, table top adapter plate, train standard-gauge rail, and transition connecting plate is fixed by bolts on the platform.Train standard-gauge rail and table top adapter plate are fixed by bolts on the transition connecting plate; The spacing of train standard-gauge rail and train standard pitch are wide.
The single-unit wagon box is loaded on the track flat board, together aims at the track for a train plane with lifting table.
Reprint platform (being called for short iron running microscope carrier) at railway truck-transporting cars, load onto transporting cars to train single-unit compartment, transport to the goods yard, harbour after, utilize the Railway transportation bay-lift in goods yard directly to unload bulk goods, so can load onto ship.Process simplification is the process of " Railway transportation-Railway transportation unloads-loads onto ship ".It is different that Railway transportation of the present invention is reprinted railway car ferrieses such as platform and Hainan: at first the present invention transports the single-unit boxcar, and railway car ferries is an array carriage; Secondly, the Railway transportation among the present invention is reprinted the process of bulk goods that platform makes wagon box in addition loading and unloading in the goods yard, harbour, railway car ferries a row train from first ground with transporting to second, or from second with transporting to first, the goods in car load railway carriage or compartment does not have the process of loading or unloading.The present invention has train marshalling function once more, and railway car ferries does not then have.
The difference of the bulk goods wagon box tipper at the present invention and harbour, Qinhuangdao is; Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is moved, and can move to the goods yard, harbour to single-unit bulk goods wagon box, not only can unload; Can also directly load onto the train wagons railway carriage or compartment to the bulk goods of unloading down on the ship in the goods yard, harbour; And the tipper in Qinhuangdao is fixed, and can only unload at railway goods yard.
Be transported to the loading process of railway from ship; Be an adverse current journey, be discharged to the harbour lorry to Cargo On Deck exactly, reprint on the platform at the harbour Railway transportation and directly load onto in the lorry single-unit compartment; Transport to the railway goods yard Railway transportation and reprint platform directly to go up rail just passable, process simplification is " unloading-the Railway transportation dress-last rail ".
Be organized as several different lorry bulk goods that belong to unit for a row train, can when directly transporting, directly transport to the ad-hoc location unloading of goods yard, harbour.Operating efficiency also is improved.Flow process of the present invention is very strong to the adjustment capability of operation.
The present invention has deducted perhaps " entrucking-unload " process of complete " unloading-entrucking " at original operation process, and overall efficiency provides nearly one times.Also reduce the bulk goods loss, improved the port capacity.For example: 4000 tons of a plurality of owners of cargo of row mix row, and 5 kilometers of goods yard transhipment distances, spend 18 hours at the loadingunloading time that original technology is average.Use " Railway transportation-unload-adorn " operation, practiced thrift 6 hours.And the man power and material who employs also correspondingly reduces by three/the last one.Reduced half the labour cost generally.And the port capacity has correspondingly improved 1/3rd.
The advantage that the present invention has is following:Utilize lifting table to make track dull and stereotyped straight-through, allow the single-unit wagon box steadily to be brought to the track flat board and fixing boxcar on the track flat board with rail; The track flat board of lifting table can with the synchronous oscilaltion in single-unit boxcar, load onto transporting cars, perhaps unload from transporting cars, transport together with single-unit boxcar one.When requiring vehicular transport, the track flat board can be fixed on the transporting cars with the single-unit boxcar jointly.Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is had automatic unloading function, can unload bulk goods automatically in goods yard, harbour any given position, also can together bear the impact of tip lorry loading with transporting cars.Improved the bulk goods through transport of railway harbour handling efficiency.Obviously reduce " adorning-unload " or " unloading-adorn " flow process of one whole, improved through transport loading and unloading operation efficient.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the present invention's " Railway transportation-unload-adorn " flow diagram;
Among the figure: 1, wagon box; 2, iron running microscope carrier; 3, freighter; 4, the goods yard, harbour; 5, railway goods yard; 6, the transhipment highway between the goods yard; 7, port and pier; 8, the goods yard Railway transportation is reprinted platform.
Fig. 2, Railway transportation loading bench structure principle chart;
Among the figure: 2.1, lifting table; 2.2 track is dull and stereotyped; 2.3, transporting cars; 1, wagon box.
Fig. 3, track slab construction figure;
Among the figure: 2.2.1, platform; 2.2.2, transition connecting plate; 2.2.3, the table top adapter plate; 2.2.4, the train standard-gauge rail.
Fig. 4, the lifting table constructional drawing;
Among the figure: 2.1.1, base; 2.1.2, oil cylinder; 2.1.3, hydraulic oil; 2.1.4, piston; 2.1.5, plain cushion; 2.1.6, saddle.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Railway harbour transhipment bulk handling operational method may further comprise the steps:
As shown in Figure 1; Shift the wagon box 1 of marshaling on the iron running microscope carrier 2 onto; Utilize Railway transportation platform 2 to load onto transporting cars 2.3 to single-unit wagon box 1, make single-unit wagon box 1 independent stationary on transporting cars 2.3, the goods yard Railway transportation that is transported to 4 appointments of goods yard, harbour according to the goods ownership is reprinted platform 8; On goods yard Railway transportation reprinting platform 8, unload bulk goods automatically, accomplish shipment 3.
Use two Railway transportations to reprint platform 2,8 in the described operation; Railway transportation is reprinted platform 2 and is arranged in railway goods yard 5;, be used for single-unit wagon box 1 and load onto transporting cars 2.3 from railroad track, perhaps organize into groups the single-unit wagon box 1 on the transporting cars 2.3 according to the train running planning chart; Railway transportation is reprinted platform 8 and is arranged in goods yard, harbour 4, unloads automatically in the single-unit boxcar 1 that is used on the transporting cars 2.3, perhaps is used for goods yard, single-unit wagon box 1 harbour 4 loadings on the transporting cars 2.3.
According to Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, Railway transportation reprinting platform 2,8 structures are following: comprise lifting table 2.1, and track flat board 2.2, transporting cars 2.3 constitutes; Wherein, lifting table 2.1 is by base 2.1.1, oil cylinder 2.1.2, and hydraulic oil 2.1.3, piston 2.1.4, plain cushion 2.1.5, saddle 2.1.6 constitutes (referring to Fig. 4); Oil cylinder 2.1.2 is fixed on the base 2.1.1, and plain cushion 2.1.5 is fixed on the piston 2.1.4 of oil cylinder 2.1.2, simultaneously below the captive joint saddle 2.1.6; Piston 2.1.4 is that the cylinder rotation contacts draw bail with plain cushion 2.1.5.
According to shown in Figure 3, track dull and stereotyped 2.2 is by platform 2.2.1, transition connecting plate 2.2.2, and table top adapter plate 2.2.3, train standard-gauge rail 2.2.4 constitutes, and transition connecting plate 2.2.2 is fixed by bolts on the platform 2.2.1; Train standard-gauge rail 2.2.4 and table top adapter plate 2.2.3 are fixed by bolts on the transition connecting plate 2.2.2; Spacing and the train standard pitch of train standard-gauge rail 2.2.4 are wide.
According to shown in Figure 1, railway bulk goods compartment 1 normal loading ability is 60 tons, single-unit compartment deadweight: 20.6 tons.Track in the enforcement dull and stereotyped 2.2 adopts the frame box structure, and 3 meters are wide, and long 15 meters, 0.3 meter of thickness, 120 tons of load-carrying capacitys; Transition connecting plate 2.2.2 thickness is 50mm; The dull and stereotyped table top adapter plate of track 2.2.3 thickness is 152, and basic and height such as GB50KG rail grade is convenient to compartment 3 fixed installations and wearing and tearing and is changed.About 10 tons of dull and stereotyped 2.2 deadweights of track.
Lifting table 2.1 is made up of 0.3 meter thick lightweight frame box structure saddle 2.1.6 and hydraulic ram 2.1.2; Saddle 2.1.6 is wide 4 meters, 15 meters of length; Hydraulic ram 2.1.2 single cylinder load is 200 tons, 0.3 meter of lifting travel; 0.2 meter of base 2.1.1 thickness, 0.5 meter of diameter, the both sides hydraulic ram can form domatic, and angle is 4.3 °, two collaborative works of homonymy; 0.1 meter of plain cushion 2.1.5 thickness, 0.3 meter of diameter is used for jacking cylinder and saddle is fixedly connected.
During real work was used, the production time table of single-unit wagon box: " Railway transportation " reprinted platform 0.2 hour, transported " unloading-adorn " 0.5 hour, bicycle production time 0.9 hour 0.2 hour.Detroit automation was handled 5 single-unit compartments in one hour, 4000 tons of about 70 joint compartments, and a cover Railway transportation is reprinted 14 hours platform Detroit automation time.Consider the different owner of cargos' another arena requirement, 5 owners of cargo for example, corresponding five cover Railway transportations are reprinted platforms, amount to about 2.8 hours of Detroit automation.In conjunction with the single grab trolley work data of single game: 16 hours/car.Actual about about 10 hours of the time of accomplishing shipment.

Claims (2)

1. the bulk handling operational method is transported at a railway harbour, may further comprise the steps:
Shift the wagon box of marshaling on the iron running microscope carrier onto, utilize the Railway transportation platform to load onto transporting cars to the single-unit wagon box, make single-unit wagon box independent stationary on transporting cars, the goods yard Railway transportation that is transported to the appointment of goods yard, harbour according to the goods ownership is reprinted platform; On goods yard Railway transportation reprinting platform, unload bulk goods automatically, accomplish shipment;
Use two Railway transportations to reprint platform in the described operation, Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is arranged in railway goods yard, is used for the single-unit wagon box and loads onto transporting cars from railroad track, perhaps organizes into groups the single-unit wagon box on the transporting cars according to the train running planning chart; Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is arranged in the goods yard, harbour, unloads automatically in the single-unit boxcar 1 that is used on the transporting cars, perhaps is used for goods yard, the single-unit wagon box harbour loading on the transporting cars; The single-unit wagon box is loaded on the track flat board, together aims at the track for a train plane with lifting table.
2. the Railway transportation that relates in the said railway of the claim 1 harbour transhipment bulk handling operational method is reprinted platform, and structure is following: comprise lifting table, dull and stereotyped, the transporting cars formation of track; Wherein, lifting table is made up of base, oil cylinder, hydraulic oil, piston, plain cushion, saddle; Oil cylinder is fixed on the base, and plain cushion is fixed on the piston of oil cylinder, simultaneously below the captive joint saddle; Piston is that the cylinder rotation contacts draw bail with plain cushion;
The track flat board is made up of platform, transition connecting plate, table top adapter plate, train standard-gauge rail, transition connecting plate, is fixed by bolts on the platform; Train standard-gauge rail and table top adapter plate are fixed by bolts on the transition connecting plate; The spacing of train standard-gauge rail and train standard pitch are wide.
CN 201110431418 2011-12-21 2011-12-21 Railway port transfer bulk cargo loading and unloading operation method and system Active CN102491102B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108861641A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-11-23 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method for molten iron through transport railway port station and port area goods in exchange
CN108861642A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-11-23 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method that molten iron through transport railway port station to the stockyard Gang Qu is unloaded
CN108891936A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-11-27 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method that molten iron through transport railway port station to the stockyard Gang Qu is unloaded
CN109081125A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-12-25 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method that molten iron through transport railway port station to the stockyard Gang Qu is unloaded
CN109095196A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-12-28 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method that molten iron through transport railway port station to the stockyard Gang Qu is unloaded

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DE4414528A1 (en) * 1994-04-26 1995-11-02 Gottfried Perdolt Railway wagon loading and unloading installation
CN1156432A (en) * 1994-08-22 1997-08-06 小亚历山大·法勒 Process and device for transferring freight
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108861641A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-11-23 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method for molten iron through transport railway port station and port area goods in exchange
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CN108891936A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-11-27 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method that molten iron through transport railway port station to the stockyard Gang Qu is unloaded
CN109081125A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-12-25 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method that molten iron through transport railway port station to the stockyard Gang Qu is unloaded
CN109095196A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-12-28 中铁武汉勘察设计研究院有限公司 The operating system and method that molten iron through transport railway port station to the stockyard Gang Qu is unloaded
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