CN102490242A - Cushion-plate-free loader for bamboo flakeboard - Google Patents

Cushion-plate-free loader for bamboo flakeboard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102490242A
CN102490242A CN2011104463155A CN201110446315A CN102490242A CN 102490242 A CN102490242 A CN 102490242A CN 2011104463155 A CN2011104463155 A CN 2011104463155A CN 201110446315 A CN201110446315 A CN 201110446315A CN 102490242 A CN102490242 A CN 102490242A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cage
loader
car rack
oil cylinder
dolly
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011104463155A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102490242B (en
Inventor
施金国
朱伟韬
刘英华
何芳
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云南民汇投资开发有限公司
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Application filed by 云南民汇投资开发有限公司 filed Critical 云南民汇投资开发有限公司
Priority to CN 201110446315 priority Critical patent/CN102490242B/en
Publication of CN102490242A publication Critical patent/CN102490242A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102490242B publication Critical patent/CN102490242B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a cushion-plate-free loader for a bamboo flakeboard, and belongs to slab loading and unloading equipment for a hot press on an artificial board production line. The loader comprises a main frame, a cage, a trolley frame, trolley loaders, a gear and rack pair, a locking device and the like, wherein a traveling wheel arranged at the bottom of the trolley frame in the cage and a rail arranged in the cage are connected through a moving pair; n trolley loaders are fixedly arranged in the trolley frame and used as belt conveyers for conveying slabs; and the n trolley loaders arranged in the trolley frame are dragged in or out of the hot press by a transmission device. The loader has a quick and reliable loading effect, is large in breadth, and is particularly suitable for the cushion-plate-free loader for the bamboo flakeboard.

Description

The no backing plate loader that is used for bamboo chipboard
Technical field
The invention belongs to the slab handling facilities of artificial board production line thermopress machine.
Background technology
Bamboo chipboard is a kind of of oriented wood chipboard, and raw material is non-wooden bamboo wood, and the product breadth is bigger, and it is long to make required pressing cycle.For improving output, adopt the multi-daylight press compacting to produce bamboo chipboard usually, the standard breadth of dress plate is generally 1220x2440mm.Adopt of multi-daylight press slab loading and unloading has backing plate and no backing plate loader more.In no backing plate loader pertinent literature, it is CN2352317Y patent of invention " man-made board hot-pressing machine does not have the backing plate loader " that notification number is arranged, and it is by shirking the plate driving and the driving mechanism of driving a vehicle, adorn wooden handcart, unloading wooden handcart and form.During the dress plate, the dress wooden handcart moves to the dress Board position along guide rail earlier and adorns plate, gets back to the position corresponding with hot press then, and the push pedal driving is moved under the drive of driving mechanism, pushes the slab of being pre-installed on the dress wooden handcart frame on the heating platen of hot press with its push pedal; When unloading plate, hot press opens, and the push pedal driving is moved under the drive of driving mechanism, with push pedal pushing on the hot press is unloaded on the wooden handcart.This loader is with the pallet of dress wooden handcart as slab, shirk the slab on the pallet with the push pedal of shirking on the wooden handcart, and this pallet is equivalent to backing plate, and therefore, this loader has the backing plate loader actual belonging to.And be in the CN100398285C patent of invention " artificial board production line thermopress loading and unloading method and units " at notification number, a kind of Wood-based Panel Production unit that comprises lift prepackage machine, dolly loader, hot press and unloader is provided.In this unit, the lift prepackage machine two boards base that once goes up and down to pack into, dolly loader get into the slab that hot press will suppress and push unloader.But loader and loading cart wherein are a fixing bin, settle slab by lift prepackage machine to loading cart fully; The dolly transporter of this loading cart is the integral body that a drive unit transmission is only arranged, and unallocatedly goes out the belt conveyer that is started by each layer independent motor; Owing on the live-roller of trolley type transporter, ratchet mechanism has been installed; Be freewheel clutch or electromagnetic clutch; The driving link motion of ratchet mechanism is carried out through the rack-and-pinion transmission that is connected with live-roller by drive unit; This trolley type transporter can only move along a direction, and ratchet will stop ratchet to rotate in the opposite direction.When dolly moved in hot press, freewheel clutch separated or the electromagnetic clutch outage, and gear dallies on tooth bar, and the dolly belt is motionless, sends slab to press; When dolly withdrawed from hot press, freewheel clutch combined or electromagnetic clutch energising and do counter motion, and the tooth bar backward rotation that cogs drives belt to rotate forward, and slab is unloaded to hot press.Thereby dolly loader prepackage slab can only be pre-installed machine by lift and accomplish separately, and this mechanism-trouble rate is higher, and inconvenient maintenance does not re-use at present.
Summary of the invention
The present invention seeks to belt conveyer directly slab to be sent into multi-daylight press and to adorn plate as the dolly loader, provide a kind of dress plate rapidly, reliable operation, efficient is high, breadth is big, is particularly useful for the no backing plate loader of bamboo chipboard.
The object of the invention realizes through following no backing plate loader:
Comprise the cage (203) in mainframe (201), the mainframe, be installed in the dolly loader (206) in the cage (203), and:
(1) cage (203) is fixedly linked with the upper end of oil cylinder (205), and the lower end of oil cylinder (205) is fixed on the mainframe (201);
(2) car rack (215) and track (210) are set in cage (203); Road wheel (222) is installed in car rack (215) bottom, and the road wheel (222) of car rack (215) is moving sets with the interior track (210) that is provided with of cage (203) and is connected;
(3) in car rack (215); Be set with n platform dolly loader (206) according to slab thickness interval n layer; Every dolly loader (206) is a belt conveyer that transports slab; Comprise motor (208) and belt (202), motor (208) is installed on the driving shaft (211) of belt (202), and driving shaft (211) and driven shaft (223) are rotary pair with supporting member on the car rack (215) and are connected;
The leading section of dolly loader (206) is equipped with push pedal (209);
(4) being installed in car rack (215) interior n platform dolly loader (206) is dragged entering or is withdrawed from hot press (3) by transmission device (207); Transmission device (207) comprises motor (212), reductor (213), brake (214) and two steering gears (217) that are installed in car rack (215) upper beam through shaft coupling (216) order; Transmission device (207) moves through the car rack (215) that two steering gears (217) drag in the cage (203), makes car rack (215) get into or withdraw from hot press (3).
Described no backing plate loader is to move horizontally direction at cage (203) dual-side along car rack (215) to fixedly mount tooth bar (219) symmetrically; And at the last fixed installation of car rack (215) gear (218) corresponding with tooth bar (219), tooth bar (219) and gear (218) are kinematic pair.
The locking device (204) that described no backing plate loader further is cage (203) comprises oil cylinder (220) and connecting rod (221) and rest pad (223); Wherein, Oil cylinder (220) and connecting rod (221) all are fixed on the mainframe (201); Connecting rod (221) lower end is hinge with oil cylinder (220) and is connected, and fulcrum and mainframe (201) are hinged, and two rest pads (223) are symmetrically welded at the both sides of cage (203); Connecting rod (221) upper end extends the below of rest pad (223) through the motion of oil cylinder (220), with support cage (203).
Operation principle of the present invention is:
Dolly loader dress plate: the slab of being sent here by preceding working procedure arrives to be waited on the belt conveyer 1 to dolly loader 206 dress plates.Elevator cage 203 makes the i layer of dolly loader 206, and (1≤i≤n) aligns belt conveyer 1, retaining mechanism 204 locking cages 203; Start dolly loader motor 208 then, make dolly loader belt 202 running, restart belt conveyer 1, let the slab on the belt conveyer 1 be transported to rapidly on the dolly loader belt 202, the slab back dolly loader motor 208 that puts in place stops.See Fig. 1.
In the i layer dress plate of dolly loader 206; Next piece slab gets into belt conveyer 1 and waits for that elevator cage 203 makes the i+1 layer of dolly loader 206 align belt conveyer 1; Lock cage 203, align the laggard luggage plate of i+1 layer of dolly loader 206.So circulation is all loaded onto slab on n layer dolly loader.
Press unloads plate: after treating that slab hot pressing last in the press 3 is accomplished; Press 3 is opened, and transmission device 207 starts, and the dolly loader 206 of n layer gets into press 3 together side by side; Simultaneously; The push pedal 209 of dolly loader 206 front ends advances unloader 4 to unload plate n slab after pressing in the press 3 together, and after n platform dolly loader 206 put in place, transmission device 207 stopped.
Press dress plate: start transmission device 207 antiports, make n platform dolly loader 206 withdraw from press 3 backward, meanwhile, start dolly loader motor 208 dolly loader belt 202 is turned round forward, slab is unloaded to press 3.The speed of press 3 is identical with the speed that dolly loader 206 belts 202 unload slab forward because dolly loader 206 withdraws from backward, and n slab is discharged on the fixed position of press 3, and n platform dolly loader 206 is retracted in the cage 203.
More than accomplished a dress plate cycle, comprised that the dolly loader loads slab, the press unloading is pressed slab, dolly loader load process from slab to press.
Compared with prior art, on the one hand, the breadth length that the present invention does not have a backing plate dress plate can be accomplished 2 times of on-gauge plate, i.e. 1220x 4880mm.Need not shirk the plate driving; Belt on the employing dolly loader is directly sent slab into multi-daylight press and is adorned plate; Changed to use in addition as the pallet of slab and shirked the mechanism form that wooden handcart is shirked the slab on the pallet, reduced slab and unloaded time to press with the dress wooden handcart.On the other hand, because the loading cart belt of each layer all has independent motor to start, do not adopt ratchet mechanism, promptly freewheel clutch or electromagnetic clutch have reduced the trouble point, have improved functional reliability.And the loading cart belt can clockwise or rotate counterclockwise, and not only can accept the slab that preceding working procedure is sent here reliably, smoothly, also make slab can be in time, unload to press reliably.Thereby, the invention provides that a kind of dress plate is more rapid, efficient is higher, breadth is big and reliable operation, be particularly useful for the no backing plate loader of bamboo chipboard.
Further specify below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.Following examples comprise but do not limit protection scope of the present invention.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the product line device sketch map of apparatus of the present invention.Comprise belt conveyer 1, no backing plate loader 2, hot press 3, unloader 4.
Fig. 2 is that the present invention does not have backing plate loader front view.Including the main frame 201, the car urea-board belt 202, hoists 203, cylinder 205, the car fitted sheet machine 206, the car drives 207 aircraft fitted sheet, fitted sheet machine motor 208 car, trolley mounted push plate 209 plate machine, walking round track 210, walking round 222.
Fig. 3 is that the present invention does not have backing plate loader left view.Comprise by belt driving shaft 211 motor 212, reductor 213, brake 214, car rack 215, shaft coupling 216, steering gear 217, gear 218, the dolly loader transmission device 207 that tooth bar 219 is formed.
Fig. 4 is that the present invention does not have backing plate loader vertical view.
Fig. 5 is that the present invention does not have backing plate loader locking device 204 sketch mapes.Comprise oil cylinder 220, linkage 221 and rest pad 223.
Fig. 6 is dolly loader 206 sketch mapes of the present invention.Comprise belt 202, motor 208, push pedal 209, driving shaft 211.
Below in conjunction with embodiment the present invention is further specified, embodiment comprises but does not limit protection domain of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
Like Fig. 2, this device mainly comprise the cage 203 in the mainframe 201, mainframe, be installed in the dolly loader (206) in the cage 203, and cage 203 is fixedly linked with the upper end of oil cylinder 205, the lower end of oil cylinder 205 is fixed on the mainframe 201; The upper end of oil cylinder 205 and cage 203 are fixedly linked, and the lower end of oil cylinder 205 is fixed on the mainframe 201.Oil cylinder 205 drives cage 03 and goes up and down, and accepts from the slab of belt conveyer 1.And car rack 215 and track 210 are set in cage 203, and road wheel 222 is installed in car rack 215 bottoms, and the road wheel 222 of car rack 215 is moving sets with the cage 203 interior tracks 210 that are provided with and is connected.
In car rack 215, be set with 8 dolly loaders 206 (like Fig. 2,3) for 8 layers according to the slab thickness interval.Every dolly loader 206 is that slab (like Fig. 6) is transported in a belt conveyer rotation.Dolly loader 206 comprises that model is the motor 208 and belt 202 of K47A-19.6-Y-1.5-B62 band reductor; Motor 208 is installed on the driving shaft 211 of belt 202, and driving shaft 211 and driven shaft 223 are rotary pair with supporting member on the car rack 215 and are connected.Motor 208 is installed on the driving shaft 211 of belt 202, drives belt 202 rotations and transports slab.The leading section of dolly loader 206 is equipped with push pedal 209.
Car rack 215 is dragged by transmission device 207 and gets into or withdraw from hot press 3 (like Fig. 1).Transmission device 207 comprise through shaft coupling 216 order be installed in car rack 215 upper beam motor 212, reductor 213, be used for off-position brake 214 and two steering gears 217 accurately.Transmission device 207 moves through the car rack 215 that two steering gears 217 drag in the cage 203, so that make car rack 215 get into or withdraw from hot press 3.This transmission device 207 mainly contains the following part of purchasing: the motor of 7.5KW, and reductor FW97-15.8-AD6-B3, brake TJ2-200, shaft coupling YA50x112/YA60x142, steering gear 217 models are T12-1:1-1-D-B3.
Embodiment 2:
Move horizontally direction at cage 203 dual-sides along car rack 215 and fixedly mount tooth bar 219 symmetrically, and on car rack 215 the fixed installation gear 218 corresponding with tooth bar 219, tooth bar 219 is connected (like Fig. 2,3) with gear 218 formation rack-and-pinions.All the other are identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3:
Like Fig. 5, the locking device 204 of cage 203 comprises oil cylinder 220, connecting rod 221 and rest pad 223, wherein; Oil cylinder 220 is fixed on the mainframe 201 with connecting rod 221, and connecting rod 221 lower ends are hinge with oil cylinder 220 and are connected, and fulcrum and mainframe 201 are hinged; Two rest pads 223 are symmetrically welded at the both sides of cage 203; Connecting rod 221 upper ends extend rest pad 223 belows through the motion of oil cylinder 220, to support cage 203, when cage 203 stops, locking; When cage 203 goes up and down, return, play the safeguard protection effect.Model with upper cylinder is HSGL01-50/25E-1111.All the other are identical with embodiment 1.

Claims (3)

1. the no backing plate loader that is used for bamboo chipboard comprises the cage (203) in mainframe (201), the mainframe, is installed in the dolly loader (206) in the cage (203),
It is characterized in that:
(1) cage (203) is fixedly linked with the upper end of oil cylinder (205), and the lower end of oil cylinder (205) is fixed on the mainframe (201);
(2) car rack (215) and track (210) are set in cage (203); Road wheel (222) is installed in car rack (215) bottom, and the road wheel (222) of car rack (215) is moving sets with the interior track (210) that is provided with of cage (203) and is connected;
(3) in car rack (215); Be set with n platform dolly loader (206) according to slab thickness interval n layer; Every dolly loader (206) is a belt conveyer that transports slab; Comprise motor (208) and belt (202), motor (208) is installed on the driving shaft (211) of belt (202), and driving shaft (211) and driven shaft (223) are rotary pair with supporting member on the car rack (215) and are connected;
The leading section of dolly loader (206) is equipped with push pedal (209);
(4) being installed in car rack (215) interior n platform dolly loader (206) is dragged entering or is withdrawed from hot press (3) by transmission device (207); Transmission device (207) comprises motor (212), reductor (213), brake (214) and two steering gears (217) that are installed in car rack (215) upper beam through shaft coupling (216) order; Transmission device (207) moves through the car rack (215) that two steering gears (217) drag in the cage (203), makes car rack (215) get into or withdraw from hot press (3).
2. no backing plate loader according to claim 1; It is characterized in that moving horizontally direction at cage (203) dual-side along car rack (215) fixedly mounts tooth bar (219) symmetrically; And at the last fixed installation of car rack (215) gear (218) corresponding with tooth bar (219), tooth bar (219) and gear (218) are kinematic pair.
3. no backing plate loader according to claim 1 and 2; The locking device (204) that it is characterized in that cage (203) comprises oil cylinder (220) and connecting rod (221) and rest pad (223); Wherein, oil cylinder (220) and connecting rod (221) all are fixed on the mainframe (201), and connecting rod (221) lower end is hinge with oil cylinder (220) and is connected; Fulcrum and mainframe (201) are hinged; Two rest pads (223) are symmetrically welded at the both sides of cage (203), and connecting rod (221) upper end extends the below of rest pad (223) through the motion of oil cylinder (220), with support cage (203).
CN 201110446315 2011-12-28 2011-12-28 Cushion-plate-free loader for bamboo flakeboard CN102490242B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110446315 CN102490242B (en) 2011-12-28 2011-12-28 Cushion-plate-free loader for bamboo flakeboard

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110446315 CN102490242B (en) 2011-12-28 2011-12-28 Cushion-plate-free loader for bamboo flakeboard

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CN102490242A true CN102490242A (en) 2012-06-13
CN102490242B CN102490242B (en) 2013-12-25

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103252811A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-08-21 宜兴市一洲木业有限公司 Hot-pressing production system for plywood for container bottom plates
CN104589432A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-06 临沂盛华机械制造有限公司 Multilayer thermal press for sheet material

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2172635A5 (en) * 1972-02-19 1973-09-28 Siempelkamp Gmbh & Co
DE4017135A1 (en) * 1990-05-28 1991-12-05 Baehre & Greten Conveyor belt for feeding fibre board press - has upper support table in removable sections
CN1143568A (en) * 1995-08-22 1997-02-26 光洋产业株式会社 Apparatus for and process of hot pressing boards
CN2352317Y (en) * 1998-11-18 1999-12-08 福建省大田县金门油压机制造有限公司 Non-packing sheet type loading-unloading machine for artificial board hot-press
CN1686690A (en) * 2005-04-25 2005-10-26 上海人造板机器厂有限公司 Method of artificial board production line thermopress loading and unloading and machine set
CN2834846Y (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-11-08 上海人造板机器厂有限公司 A hot pressing unloading set of panel production line

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2172635A5 (en) * 1972-02-19 1973-09-28 Siempelkamp Gmbh & Co
DE4017135A1 (en) * 1990-05-28 1991-12-05 Baehre & Greten Conveyor belt for feeding fibre board press - has upper support table in removable sections
CN1143568A (en) * 1995-08-22 1997-02-26 光洋产业株式会社 Apparatus for and process of hot pressing boards
CN2352317Y (en) * 1998-11-18 1999-12-08 福建省大田县金门油压机制造有限公司 Non-packing sheet type loading-unloading machine for artificial board hot-press
CN1686690A (en) * 2005-04-25 2005-10-26 上海人造板机器厂有限公司 Method of artificial board production line thermopress loading and unloading and machine set
CN2834846Y (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-11-08 上海人造板机器厂有限公司 A hot pressing unloading set of panel production line

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Title
李绍昆,姜仁龙: "中密度纤维板多层装卸机组(续)", 《中国人造板》, vol. 15, no. 9, 30 September 2008 (2008-09-30) *
陶东珍: "10层6×18英尺中密度无垫板装板机组设计", 《林业机械与木工设备》, vol. 31, no. 11, 30 November 2003 (2003-11-30) *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103252811A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-08-21 宜兴市一洲木业有限公司 Hot-pressing production system for plywood for container bottom plates
CN104589432A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-06 临沂盛华机械制造有限公司 Multilayer thermal press for sheet material

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Granted publication date: 20131225

Termination date: 20181228