CN102488568A - Animal gas contamination device - Google Patents

Animal gas contamination device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102488568A
CN102488568A CN2011104069750A CN201110406975A CN102488568A CN 102488568 A CN102488568 A CN 102488568A CN 2011104069750 A CN2011104069750 A CN 2011104069750A CN 201110406975 A CN201110406975 A CN 201110406975A CN 102488568 A CN102488568 A CN 102488568A
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China
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control system
gas
intake passage
lumen
concentration
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CN2011104069750A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张丽仙
朱茂祥
杨陟华
藩秀颉
郑劲林
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中国人民解放军军事医学科学院放射与辐射医学研究所
北京慧荣和科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2011104069750A priority Critical patent/CN102488568A/en
Publication of CN102488568A publication Critical patent/CN102488568A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an animal gas contamination device in order to solve the problems of complex structure, inconvenience in operation, poor experimental effect and the like existing in the conventional animal gas contamination device. The animal gas contamination device comprises an inner cavity, an outer cavity, an upper computer control system, a temperature control system, a humidity control system, a pressure difference control system, a first path of inlet gas concentration control system and a second path of inlet gas concentration control system, wherein a first path of gas inlet pipe, a second path of gas inlet pipe and an exhaust pipe are at least connected between the inner cavity and the outer cavity; the temperature control system, the humidity control system, the pressure difference control system, the first path of inlet gas concentration control system and the second path of inlet gas concentration control system are electrically connected with the upper computer control system; and a humidity sensor of the humidity control system, a temperature sensor of the temperature control system, a pressure difference sensor of the pressure difference control system, a first path of inlet gas concentration sensor of the first path of inlet gas concentration control system and a second path of inlet gas concentration sensor of the second path of inlet gas concentration control system are all arranged in the inner cavity.

Description

动物气体染毒装置 Animal gas exposure apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及一种动物气体染毒装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to an animal exposed to the gas apparatus. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 动物气体染毒实验是动物气体毒性评价的基本方法;是研究多种气体,包括气溶胶、气雾剂、气液混合物、粉尘气体,特别是生物医药气雾剂、麻醉气体、污染空气、汽车尾气、工业废气、军事毒剂和推进剂燃烧尾气等吸收反应、代谢力学及其病理生理效应和机制的重要方法;也是研究、评价有毒有害气体保护措施、防护设备和无害化处理技术的基本方法,其科研和应用领域广泛。 [0002] Animal experiments the gas is exposed to the basic method of evaluation of animal toxic gases; study more gases, including aerosols, aerosol, gas-liquid mixture, dust, gas, in particular an aerosol biomedicine, anesthetic gases, pollution air, automobile exhaust, industrial emissions, military agents and propellants such as combustion exhaust gas absorption reaction, metabolic mechanics and important method of physiological effects and mechanisms of pathology; also research, evaluation toxic gas protection measures, protective equipment and safe disposal technology the basic approach, its extensive research and applications.

[0003] 然而现有的动物气体染毒装置的主要缺陷是制作技术复杂、对配气、送气和浓度检测要求复杂、实验精度和效能低,有待于进一步改进。 [0003] However, the existing gas main exposure apparatus deficient animals is complicated production technology for gas distribution, and concentration detectors require complex aspirated, the experimental accuracy and the efficiency is low, needs to be improved.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的主要目的在于公开一种动物气体染毒装置,以解决现有的气体染毒装置构造复杂、操作不便及实验效果不佳等问题。 [0004] The main object of the present invention is to disclose an animal exposed to a gas means the gas in order to solve the conventional exposure device structure is complicated, inconvenient operation and effects of poor experimental problems.

[0005] 为达上述目的,本发明公开一种气体染毒装置,包括: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention discloses a gas exposure apparatus, comprising:

[0006] 内腔和外腔,所述内腔与外腔之间至少连接有第一路进气管、第二路进气管和排气管,所述气体染毒装置还包括上位机控制系统及与之电性连接的温度控制系统、湿度控制系统、压差控制系统、第一路进气浓度控制系统、第二路进气浓度控制系统;其中所述湿度控制系统的湿度传感器、所述温度控制系统的温度传感器、所述压差控制系统的压差传感器、所述第一路进气浓度控制系统的第一路进气浓度传感器及所述第二路进气浓度控制系统的第二路进气浓度传感器都置于所述内腔内。 [0006] The inboard and outboard chambers, said at least is connected between the first lumen and the outer lumen intake passage, a second intake passage and an exhaust pipe, said exposure apparatus further comprising a gas control system and PC the temperature control system is electrically connected thereto, the humidity control system, pressure control system, a first intake passage concentration control system, a second intake passage concentration control system; humidity control system wherein the humidity sensor, the temperature a second passage temperature sensor control system, the pressure control system of a differential pressure sensor, a first path of the first intake passage of an intake system concentration control concentration sensor and the second intake passage concentration control system inlet concentration sensors disposed within the internal cavity.

[0007] 本发明的所公开的动物气体染毒装置,可以灵活地替换用于染毒实验的第一路进气和第二路进气,且在上位机控制系统的中央控制作用下,可以实时设置和采集温度控制系统、湿度控制系统、压差控制系统、第一路进气浓度控制系统、第二路进气浓度控制系统的各路参数,即能检测和控制内腔(即染毒腔)内各路进气的浓度和由第一和第二至少两路进气组成的混合染毒气体的温度、湿度、压差,从而可以智能地保障实验条件的单一性和可重复性,操作简单、快捷,大幅提升了实验的精度和效能。 [0007] Animal gas exposure apparatus disclosed in the present invention can be flexibly replacing the first intake passage and a second intake passage for exposure experiments, and in the central control system PC control action may be real-time temperature control system is provided and collection, humidity control system, pressure control system, a first intake passage concentration control system, a second intake passage brightest concentration control system parameters, which can detect and control a lumen (i.e., exposure the temperature of the chamber concentration) and mixed intake air brightest gas exposure by at least two first and second inlet gas composition, humidity, pressure, thereby intelligently experimental conditions guarantee unity and repeatability simple, fast, dramatically improves the accuracy and efficiency of the experiment.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008] 图1为本发明实施例公开的动物气体染毒装置的立体结构图; [0008] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the structure of the gas exposure apparatus disclosed animals embodiment of the invention;

[0009] 图2为本发明实施例公开的动物气体染毒装置的电气控制图。 [0009] FIG. 2 embodiment disclosed in FIG electrical control animals gas exposure apparatus according to the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0010] 本发明实施例公开一种动物气体染毒装置,包括:内腔和外腔,所述内腔与外腔之间至少连接有第一路进气管、第二路进气管和排气管,所述气体染毒装置还包括上位机控制系统及与之电性连接的温度控制系统、湿度控制系统、压差控制系统、第一路进气浓度控制系统、第二路进气浓度控制系统;其中所述湿度控制系统的湿度传感器、所述温度控制系统的温度传感器、所述压差控制系统的压差传感器、所述第一路进气浓度控制系统的第一路进气浓度传感器及所述第二路进气浓度控制系统的第二路进气浓度传感器都置于所述内腔内。 [0010] Embodiments of the present invention discloses an animal exposed to the gas apparatus, comprising: at least a first connection path between the inlet tube inboard and outboard chambers, said inboard and outboard chambers, a second passage inlet and outlet tube, said exposure apparatus further comprising a gas control system and the host computer is connected electrically with a temperature control system, the humidity control system, pressure control system, a first intake passage concentration control system, a second control passage inlet concentration the system; wherein said humidity sensor and humidity control system, a temperature sensor of the temperature control system, pressure control system of the differential pressure sensor, a first path of the first intake passage of an intake system concentration control concentration sensor and the second intake passage concentration control system of the second intake passage concentration sensors disposed within the internal cavity.

[0011] 其中,上述上位机控制系统及与之电性连接的温度控制系统、湿度控制系统、压差控制系统、第一路进气浓度控制系统、第二路进气浓度控制系统之间的控制电路的设计为本领域技术人员所能轻易实现的技术,其可以沿用现有的设计技术,也可以采用下述的技术手段: [0011] wherein the above-described temperature control system PC and electrically connected with the control system, the humidity control system, pressure control system, a first intake passage concentration control system, a second intake passage between the gas concentration control system the control circuit design techniques known to those in the art can be easily achieved, which may follow the prior art designs, the following techniques may be employed:

[0012] 上述温度控制系统还包括加热制冷器(可选的,包括其输出管道与内腔连通的加热器和制冷器),以及与温度传感器和加热制冷模块电性连接的温度控制单元;以及 [0012] The temperature control system further comprises a heating and cooling device (optional, which comprises a heater and a cooler in communication with the lumen of the outlet conduit), and a temperature control unit connected to the temperature sensor and heating and cooling the electrical module; and

[0013] 上述湿度控制系统还包括其输送管道连通内腔的加湿阀,以及与湿度传感器和加湿阀电性连接的湿度控制单元;以及 [0013] The humidity control system further comprises a delivery conduit which communicates lumen humidification valve, and a control unit connected to the humidity and the humidity sensor electrically humidification valve; and

[0014] 上述压差控制系统还包括以管道连通内腔的电动加压阀和减压阀,以及与压差传感器、加压阀和减压阀电性连接的压差控制单元;以及 [0014] The pressure control system further includes an electric conduit in communication with the lumen of the pressurizing valve and the pressure reducing valve, and a pressure sensor, the pressing pressure and pressure reducing valve control unit electrically connected; and

[0015] 上述第一路进气浓度控制系统还包括置于第一路进气管中的第一电磁阀,以及与第一路进气浓度传感器和第一电磁阀电性连接的第一路进气浓度控制单元;以及 [0015] The first intake passage comprises a concentration control system further disposed a first intake passage in the trachea first solenoid valve, and the intake passage and a first concentration sensor and the first solenoid valve electrically connected to the first intake passage gas concentration control unit; and

[0016] 上述第二路进气浓度控制系统还包括置于第二路进气管中的第二电磁阀,以及与第二路进气浓度传感器和第二电磁阀电性连接的第二路进气浓度控制单元; [0016] The second intake passage concentration control system further includes a second solenoid valve into the second passage in the trachea, and a second intake passage concentration sensor and the second solenoid valve is electrically connected to a second intake passage gas concentration control unit;

[0017] 其中上述上位机控制系统的中央处理器电性连接上述温度控制单元、湿度控制单元、压差控制单元、第一路进气浓度控制单元和第二路进气浓度控制单元。 [0017] wherein the above-described central processing unit electrically connected to the host control system of the temperature control means and humidity control means, pressure control unit, a first intake passage and a second passage concentration control unit inlet concentration control unit.

[0018] 下面以第一路进气为氧气,第二路进气为烟雾为例,结合说明书附图对本发明的具体实施例作详细描述。 [0018] In the following a first oxygen intake passage, a second intake passage of smoke, for example, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of specific embodiments of the present invention are described in detail. 其中下述的氧气浓度控制系统对应上述的第一路进气浓度控制系统,下述的烟雾浓度控制系统对应上述的第二路进气浓度控制系统,下述的控氧电磁阀对应上述第一电磁阀,下述的控烟雾电磁阀对应上述的第二电磁阀,下述的氧气浓度控制器对应上述的第一路进气浓度控制器,下述的烟雾浓度控制器对应上述的第二路进气浓度控制器。 Wherein the oxygen concentration control system described below corresponds to the above-described first intake passage concentration control system, the control system below the smoke density corresponding to said second intake passage concentration control system, the following control solenoid valve corresponding to the first oxygen solenoid valve, the solenoid valve smoke following control corresponding to said second solenoid valve, the controller corresponding to the oxygen concentration below the above-described first intake passage concentration controller, the controller corresponding to the smoke density below said second passage inlet concentration controller. 值得说明的是,在其他实施例中,该动物气体染毒装置还可以设置三路或三路以上的进气管道及相应气体的浓度控制系统,此皆属于本发明的保护范围,其实现手段及构造与两路进气管道的设计及构造类似,后续不再赘述。 It should be noted that, in other embodiments, the animal is exposed to the gas concentration control means may also be provided a system of the above three-way or three-way intake duct and the corresponding gas euphemistically fall within the scope of the present invention, the means of achieving similar intake duct design and construction and is configured with two, subsequent omitted.

[0019] 本发明实施例公开的一种气体染毒装置,如图1和图2所示,包括: A gas exposure apparatus disclosed in the examples [0019] of the present invention, FIGS. 1 and 2, comprising:

[0020] 内腔88、外腔80、温度控制系统1、湿度控制系统2、压差控制系统3、氧气浓度控制系统4、烟雾浓度控制系统5和上位机控制系统6,所述内腔88与外腔80之间连接有氧气进气管、烟雾进气管和排气管,如图2所示,外腔80的左侧底部设置了一排共6个接气口81,其中任一接气口可以作为氧气或烟雾(即染毒气体)的进气口或排气口;与之对应的, 内腔88内也设有进气口89和排气口。 [0020] The inner chamber 88, outer chamber 80, the temperature control system 1, 2 and humidity control system, pressure control system 3, an oxygen concentration control system 4, the control system 5 and the smoke density PC control system 6, the lumen 88 chamber is connected with the outer oxygen inlet tube 80, inlet tube and smoke exhaust pipe 2, the bottom of the left outer chamber 80 is provided a coherent row of a total of six ports 81, ports may be either a coherent as the oxygen gas or smoke (i.e., gas exposure) of an intake or exhaust port; corresponding thereto, the inner lumen 88 is also provided with an intake port 89 and an exhaust port. 可选的,各进气口和排气口上可以进一步设置进气或排气风机90,或者在其管道中设置相应的风机。 Alternatively, it may be further provided intake or exhaust fan 90 on each intake port and an exhaust port, or disposed in their respective fan duct.

[0021] 本实施例中,温度控制系统1包括加热制冷器13、置于内腔88内的温度传感器11、以及与温度传感器11和加热制冷器13电性连接的温度控制单元12。 [0021] In this embodiment, the temperature control system 1 comprises a heating and cooling device 13, disposed within the interior 88 a temperature sensor 11, the temperature sensor 11 and the temperature and the heating and cooling device 13 electrically connected to the control unit 12. 其中该温度控制单元12用于控制内腔88内的温度恒定在由上位机控制系统6的中央处理器61所设置的某一个温度值或某一个温度范围,当高于该温度设置值时,进行制冷操作,当低于该温度设置值时,进行加热操作。 Wherein the temperature control unit 12 for controlling the temperature constant at a certain temperature or a certain temperature range by the central processor 61 overriding control system 6 is provided within the interior 88, when the temperature is higher than the set value, performing a cooling operation, when the temperature is below the set value, the heating operation. 较佳的,本发明中实施例优选将该加热制冷器13也安置在该内腔88内,以快速高效的进行温度调节处理,提高温度控制的精度。 Preferably, the heating and cooling preferred embodiment of the present invention, Example 13 is also disposed within the lumen 88, a fast and efficient temperature adjustment processing, to improve the accuracy in temperature control.

[0022] 本实施例中,湿度控制系统2包括其输送管道连通内腔88的加湿阀23、置于内腔88内的湿度传感器21、以及与湿度传感器21和加湿阀23电性连接的湿度控制单元22。 [0022] In this embodiment, the humidity control system 2 which comprises a valve humidified delivery conduit 88 communicating lumen 23, a humidity sensor disposed within the lumen humidity 88 21, and a humidity sensor 21 and the humidifier 23 are electrically connected to the valve The control unit 22. 其中该湿度控制单元22用于控制内腔88内的湿度恒定在由上位机控制系统6的中央处理器61所设置的某一个湿度值或某一个湿度范围,当高于该湿度设置值时,进行加湿操作,当低于该湿度设置值时,可由加热制冷系统1进行加热操作。 Wherein the humidity control unit 22 for controlling the humidity within the lumen 88 at a certain humidity constant value or a certain range of humidity by the central processor 61 overriding control system 6 is provided, when the humidity is higher than the set value, humidifying operation, when the humidity is lower than the set value, the heating and cooling system may be a heating operation.

[0023] 本实施例中,压差控制系统3包括电动加压阀和减压阀33、置于内腔88的压差传感器31、以及与压差传感器31、加压阀和减压阀33电性连接的压差控制单元32。 [0023] In this embodiment, an electric pressure control system 3 comprises a pressurizing and pressure reducing valve 33, a differential pressure sensor 88 is placed in lumen 31, and a differential pressure sensor 31, pressure reducing valve 33 and the valve electrically connected to the pressure control unit 32. 其中该压差控制单元32用于控制内腔88内的压差恒定在由上位机控制系统6的中央处理器61所设置的某一个压差值或某一个压差范围,当高于该压差设置值时,进行降压操作(例如,启动排气口的减压阀或的启动排气风机90进行排气处理),当低于该压差设置值时,进行增压操作(例如,由加热制冷系统1进行加热操作,或者开启下述的控氧电磁阀43以向内腔88增氧,或启动以管道连通内腔88与专用加压器之间的加压阀)。 Wherein the pressure control unit 32 for controlling a constant pressure or a pressure difference value by a certain pressure range overriding control system central processor 616 is provided within the interior 88, when the pressure is higher than when the difference between the set value, step-down operation (e.g., start reducing valve or an exhaust port of the exhaust fan 90 starts for the exhaust gas treatment), when the pressure is below the set value, supercharging operation (e.g., oxygen controlled solenoid valve 1 by the heating and cooling system of a heating operation, or to open the following 43 inwardly oxygen chamber 88, or to start the communication conduit between the pressurizing valve presser dedicated lumen 88). 值得说明的是,在本实施例中,该加压阀和减压阀为电动的加压阀和减压阀;但在本发明的其它实施例中,该压差控制系统可以采用气动的加压阀和减压阀,此种情况下,则上位机控制系统可以通过控制相应的增压机和减压机的相应操作来执行增压或减压处理。 It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, the pressurizing valve and pressure reducing valve and an electric pressure reducing valve; in other embodiments of the present invention, the pressure control system may be applied using a pneumatic pressure and pressure reducing valve, in this case, the overriding control system may be performed by controlling the pressurization or decompression process corresponding to respective operations of the turbocharger and the decompressor.

[0024] 本实施例中,氧气浓度控制系统4包括置于氧气进气管中的控氧电磁阀43、置于内腔88内的氧气浓度传感器41、以及与氧气浓度传感器41和控氧电磁阀43电性连接的氧气浓度控制单元42。 [0024] In this embodiment, the oxygen concentration control system comprises four control oxygen inlet positioned in the trachea oxygen solenoid valve 43, an oxygen concentration sensor disposed within the lumen 8841, and the oxygen concentration sensor 41 and the oxygen-controlled solenoid valve an oxygen concentration of 43 electrically connected to the control unit 42. 其中该氧气浓度控制单元42用于控制内腔88内的氧气浓度恒定在由上位机控制系统6的中央处理器61所设置的某一个浓度值或某一个浓度范围,当高于该浓度值时,控氧电磁阀43关闭,进行排气操作(例如,启动排气口的排气风机90进行排气处理),当低于该浓度值时,自动开启控氧电磁阀43以供由氧气发生器产生的氧气进入内腔88,实现向内腔88增氧。 Wherein the oxygen concentration control unit 42 for controlling the oxygen concentration in the lumen 88 of a constant value or a concentration in a range of concentrations by the central processor 61 overriding control system 6 is provided, when the concentration is higher than the value , oxygen controlled solenoid valve 43 is closed, exhaust operation (e.g., start the exhaust fan 90 of the exhaust port for exhaust gas treatment), when the concentration is lower than the value, control automatically open the solenoid valve 43 for the oxygen generated by the oxygen generated oxygen into the cavity 88, the cavity 88 inwardly to achieve oxygen.

[0025] 本实施例中,内腔还装有气体混合器。 [0025] In this embodiment, the lumen is also provided with a gas mixer. 该混合器可以置于内腔的顶部,其底部则用于摆放托盘。 The mixer can be placed on top of the lumen, which is used for placing a bottom tray. 而且在气体混合器的作用下,有效避免了因传感器所在的内腔局部的浓度、温度和/或压差低于或高于其平均值所导致的测量精度下降等问题,提高了染毒实验的控制精度。 Also under the gas mixer effectively avoided due to concentration of local sensors located lumen, temperature and / or pressure below or above the average value of the measurement accuracy caused problems such as decrease, increased exposure experiments control accuracy.

[0026] 本实施例中,烟雾浓度控制系统5包括置于烟雾进出气管中的控烟雾电磁阀53、 置于内腔88内的烟雾浓度传感器51、以及与烟雾浓度控制器51和控烟雾电磁阀53电性连接的烟雾浓度控制单元52。 [0026] In this embodiment, the control system 5 comprises a smoke concentration of smoke control solenoid valve disposed in the trachea 53 and out of smoke, the smoke concentration sensor 51 disposed within the lumen 88, and 51 and an electromagnetic control fumes and smoke concentration controller smoke concentration valve 53 is electrically connected to the control unit 52. 其中该烟雾浓度控制单元52用于控制内腔88内的烟雾浓度恒定在由上位机控制系统6的中央处理器61所设置的某一个值或某一个范围,当高于该设置值时,控烟雾电磁阀53关闭(可选的,还可联动启动排气口的排气风机90进行排气处理),由吸烟机产生或其它烟气发生器产生的烟气不能进入内腔,当低于该设置值时,控烟雾电磁阀53打开,由吸烟机产生或其它烟气发生器产生的烟气则进入内腔88,通过PID调节,来精准控制内腔烟雾浓度。 Wherein the smoke concentration control unit 52 for controlling the smoke density within the lumen 88 of a constant value or a certain range by the overriding control system central processor 616 is provided, when the above set value, the control smoke off solenoid valve 53 (optional, may also be linked to start an exhaust fan exhaust port 90 exhaust gas treatment), smoke produced by smoking or other smoke generator can not enter the lumen when less than when the set value, the solenoid controlled valve 53 is opened smoke, smoke generated by smoke or other fumes generated by the generator into the cavity 88, through the PID regulator, to precisely control the concentration of smoke lumen.

[0027] 本实施例中,上位机控制系统6的核心为中央处理器61,且该中央处理器61以总线100电性连接上述温度控制单元12、湿度控制单元22、压差控制单元32、氧气浓度控制单元42和烟雾浓度控制单元52,以实时设置和采集各路参数,藉此,即能检测和控制内腔(即染毒腔)内的温度、湿度、压差、氧气浓度和受试气体的烟雾浓度,从而可以智能地保障实验条件的单一性和可重复性,操作简单、快捷,大幅提升了实验的精度和效能。 [0027] In this embodiment, the overriding control system for the central processing unit 6 the core 61, and the central processor 61 to bus 100 is electrically connected to the temperature control unit 12, a humidity control unit 22, pressure control unit 32, oxygen concentration control unit 42 and smoke density control unit 52, and provided in real time from various quarters acquisition parameters, thereby, which can detect and control a lumen (i.e., exposure chamber) within the temperature, humidity, pressure, oxygen concentration, and by smoke density test gas, which can intelligently safeguard the unity of the experimental conditions and repeatability, simple, fast and dramatically improves the accuracy and efficiency of the experiment. 较佳的,该上位机控制系统6还可以开发相应的软件来执行上述的自动监控功能,例如在某一参数超标时自动进行报警处理。 Preferably, the overriding control system 6 can further develop the appropriate software to implement the automatic monitoring functions such as alarm processing automatically when exceeding a certain parameter. 本实施例中,该上位机控制系统6的功能由平板电脑来执行,该平板电脑的面板如图2中的图标82所示,其中该平板电脑还设有两个USB接口83,以实现数据的备份、录入和传输;进一步的,为防止非法关机所造成实验数据的丢失或软件运行故障,该平板电脑82或上述上位机控制系统6的电源开关与气体染毒装置的总开关独立。 In this embodiment, the functions of the PC control system 6 is performed by the tablet, the icon of the panel 2 of the tablet shown in FIG. 82, wherein the tablet is also provided with two USB interfaces 83, to enable data backup entry and transmission; further, in order to prevent illegal shutdown caused a total loss or switch failure software running experimental data, the power switch and the gas exposure apparatus 82 of the tablet or said host computer control system 6 independently.

[0028] 本实施例中,如图2所示,外腔80设有铰接的活动门窗,其中该活动门窗安装有门锁84、门撑杆87和密封圈85,其中密封圈85在门锁84关闭状态下与内腔88抵触以密闭该内腔。 [0028] In this embodiment, as shown, the outer chamber 80 is provided with hinged doors activity, wherein the movable door 84 is attached to the door, door seals the struts 87 and 85, wherein the sealing ring 85 in the lock 2 84 the closed state with the lumen of the lumen 88 in a sealed conflict. 该构造简单实用,既节省了该内腔的材料,也增加了实验的便利性。 The structure is simple and practical, saving material of the lumen also increases the convenience of the experiment. 其中内腔88中的托盘,用于装载动物产生的垃圾,方便清扫,保持干净。 Wherein the lumen of a tray 88 for loading the animal to produce garbage, easy cleaning, keep clean. 进一步的,该内腔88内装有LED照明灯,且该活动门窗对应内腔88的位置86所采用的材料为透光材料,该透光材料包括但不限于有机玻璃。 Further, the lumen that has the LED lights 88, and the movable doors corresponding to the position of the material 86 used for the lumen 88 of light-transmitting material, the light-transmissive materials include, but are not limited to PMMA. 藉此,则使得实验人员可以清楚地观测到内腔88内实验动物的活动情况, 为具体实验参数的设置和修改及相关操作提供了指南。 Thereby, so that the test can be clearly observed in the lumen 88 activities in experimental animals, and provides guidance to modify the particular set of experimental parameters and related operations.

[0029] 本实施例中,较佳的,内腔88内还可进一步装设气体混合器(图中未示出),以将氧气、湿气和烟雾混合均勻,从而有效避免了传感器所在的局部参数值高于或低于实际的平均值所导致的实验误差。 [0029] In this embodiment, preferably, the inner lumen 88 may be further mounted a gas mixer (not shown), to mix oxygen, moisture and smoke uniform, thereby effectively avoiding the sensors located local parameter value is above or below the average of the actual experimental error caused.

[0030] 本实施例中,所述内腔88与外腔80之间的容置空间内还装有抽气泵(图中未示出),其以气管连接在内腔88的排气口与外腔80的排气口之间,以在实验完毕后,将内腔88内的染毒烟雾抽取干净,避免给实验人员造成不必要的安全隐患,同时该抽气泵还可以用于联动以调节内腔88内的压差。 [0030] In this embodiment, the inner lumen 88 and the accommodating space between the outer chamber 80 is also equipped with a suction pump (not shown), which is connected to vent pipe 88 with the lumen the outer chamber 80 between the exhaust port to after the experiment is completed, the exposure of smoke extraction lumen 88 clean and avoid unnecessary safety hazards to laboratory personnel, while the air pump may also be used to adjust the linkage pressure within the interior 88.

[0031] 在上述装置的使用过程中,当要对动物进行气体染毒实验时,首先打开活动门窗将动物放入内腔的托盘内,关上门。 [0031] In the course of the above-described apparatus, when the gas to be exposed to an animal experiment, the animals were first open door event into the lumen of the tray, close the door. 动物加载完毕后,按照进气口标示,联接好相应的气源。 After the animals loaded, labeled in accordance with the intake port, gas source coupled to a respective well. 联接气源后再打开总电源开关,之后打开平板电脑开关,电脑自检后启动与该动物气体染毒装置配套的应用软件以实时设置、采集和监控各路参数,即检测和控制内腔(即染毒腔) 内的温度、湿度、压差、氧气浓度和受试气体的烟雾浓度(优选的,上述各控制系统采用PID 调节方式执行相应的控制),从而可以智能地保障实验条件的单一性和可重复性,操作简单、快捷,大幅提升了实验的精度和效能。 Coupling a gas source and then turn the power switch, the switch after opening the tablet, the computer starts matching the self-test animal infected gas means provided in real time applications, acquisition and control parameters separate ways, i.e., a lumen detection and control ( i.e., a single temperature within the exposure chamber), humidity, pressure smoke concentration, oxygen concentration, and the test gas (preferably, the above-described control system uses PID regulation embodiment performs the corresponding control), can be intelligently protect experimental conditions and repeatability, simple, fast and dramatically improves the accuracy and efficiency of the experiment. 本实施例公开的该气体染毒装置尤其适用于动物急性、慢性气体染毒实验。 The gas exposure apparatus according to the present embodiment of the present disclosure is particularly suited for animal acute, chronic gas exposure test.

[0032] 值得注意的是:上述进气口所输送的氧气和烟雾可以灵活地替换成甲醇、笨、氨、 氡......等气体中的任意一种,此皆属于本发明的保护范围。 [0032] It is noted that: the intake port and the oxygen delivered aerosol can be flexibly replaced by methanol, any stupid, ammonia, radon gas and the like ......, belonging to the present invention euphemistically protected range.

[0033] 值得说明的是,上述动物气体染毒装置,其可与置于外部且与加湿阀管道连接的加湿器、置于外部且与加压阀管道连接的加压器,置于外部且与第一电磁阀管道连接的第一路进气制造设备,置于外部且与第二电磁阀管道连接的第二路进气制造设备组构成动物气体染毒系统。 [0033] It should be noted that the above gas animal exposure apparatus, a humidifier which may be placed outside and connected to the humidifying valve conduit, is placed outside and is connected to a pressurized conduit pressurizing valve, disposed outside and a first intake passage for producing a first solenoid valve connected to the device conduit, disposed outside and a second intake passage for producing a device group connected to the second solenoid valve conduit constituted infected animals gas system. 作为本领域技术人员所能轻易想到的一种变形,在其他实施例中,上述动物气体染毒装置还集成有与加湿阀管道连接的加湿器以及与加压阀管道连接的加压器,以此提高用户使用和操作的便利性。 A variation skilled in the art can easily occur as in other embodiments, the above-described exposure apparatus further animal integrated gas humidifier humidifying valve conduit connected to the pressurizer and valve connected to a pressurized conduit to this improves user convenience use and operation.

[0034] 最后应说明的是:以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换;而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明各实施例技术方案的精神和范围。 [0034] Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are intended to illustrate the present invention, rather than limiting;. Although the present invention has been described in detail embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood: may still be made to the technical solutions described in each embodiment of the modified or part of the technical features equivalents; as such modifications or replacements do not cause the essence of corresponding technical solutions to depart from the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention and scope.

Claims (10)

1. 一种动物气体染毒装置,其特征在于,包括:内腔和外腔,所述内腔与外腔之间至少连接有第一路进气管、第二路进气管和排气管, 所述气体染毒装置还包括上位机控制系统及与之电性连接的温度控制系统、湿度控制系统、压差控制系统、第一路进气浓度控制系统、第二路进气浓度控制系统;其中所述湿度控制系统的湿度传感器、所述温度控制系统的温度传感器、所述压差控制系统的压差传感器、 所述第一路进气浓度控制系统的第一路进气浓度传感器及所述第二路进气浓度控制系统的第二路进气浓度传感器都置于所述内腔内。 1. An animal exposed to the gas apparatus, characterized by comprising: connected between the inboard and outboard chambers, said inboard and outboard chambers at least a first intake passage, a second passage intake and exhaust pipes, the exposure apparatus further comprises a gas temperature control system PC control system and electrically connected thereto, the humidity control system, pressure control system, a first intake passage concentration control system, a second intake passage concentration control system; wherein said humidity sensor and humidity control system, a differential pressure sensor a temperature sensor said temperature control system, the pressure control system, the first intake passage concentration control system a first intake passage and the concentration sensor the second passage of said second intake passage concentration sensor inlet concentration control system are disposed within the lumen.
2.根据权利要求1所述的动物气体染毒装置,其特征在于,所述外腔设有铰接的活动门窗,所述活动门窗安装有门锁、门撑杆和密封圈,其中所述密封圈在所述门锁关闭状态下与所述内腔抵触以密闭该内腔。 The animals exposed to a gas apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said outer chamber provided with a movable door hinged doors mounted on the movable door, struts and the door seal, wherein the seal the ring is closed with the door lock state of conflict in the lumen of the lumen closed.
3.根据权利要求2所述的动物气体染毒装置,其特征在于,所述内腔内装有照明灯、托盘,所述活动门窗对应内腔的位置所采用的材料为透光材料。 3. Animal gas exposure apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that the inner cavity equipped with lights, trays, said active material corresponding to the position of doors and windows lumen light-transmitting material is used.
4.根据权利要求3所述的动物气体染毒装置,其特征在于,所述内腔还装有气体混合ο 4. The apparatus of animals exposed to a gas of claim 3, wherein the lumen further provided with a gas mixing ο
5.根据权利要求4所述的动物气体染毒装置,其特征在于,所述内腔与外腔之间的容置空间内还装有抽气泵,其以气管连接在所述内腔的排气口与所述外腔的排气口之间。 5. Animal gas exposure apparatus according to claim 4, wherein, further provided with a suction pump accommodating space between the outer chamber and the inner chamber, which is connected to the lumen tube rows between the port and the air vent of the outer chamber.
6.根据权利要求5所述的动物气体染毒装置,其特征在于,所述上位机控制系统的电源开关与所述动物气体染毒装置的总开关独立。 The animals exposed to the gas apparatus according to claim 5, characterized in that the total power switch switching the overriding control system of the exposure apparatus independent gas animal.
7.根据权利要求1至6任一所述的动物气体染毒装置,其特征在于:所述温度控制系统还包括加热制冷器,以及与所述温度传感器和加热制冷模块电性连接的温度控制单元;所述湿度控制系统还包括其输送管道连通所述内腔的加湿阀,以及与所述湿度传感器和加湿阀电性连接的湿度控制单元;所述压差控制系统还包括以管道连通所述内腔的电动加压阀和减压阀,以及与所述压差传感器、加压阀和减压阀电性连接的压差控制单元;所述第一路进气浓度控制系统还包括置于所述第一路进气管中的第一电磁阀,以及与所述第一路进气浓度传感器和所述第一电磁阀电性连接的第一路进气浓度控制单元;所述第二路进气浓度控制系统还包括置于所述第二路进气管中的第二电磁阀,以及与所述第二路进气浓度传感器和所述第二电磁阀电性连接的第二路进气浓度控制 The animals exposed to the gas apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein: the temperature control system further comprises a heating and cooling device, and a temperature sensor connected to said temperature heating and cooling control module is electrically unit; the humidity control system further comprises a delivery duct which communicates the humidification lumen valve, and a humidity control unit connected to the humidity sensor and electrically humidification valve; said pressure control system further comprises a communication conduit to the said electric valves and pressure relief valve lumen, and the differential pressure sensor, the pressing pressure and pressure reducing valve control unit electrically connected; the first intake passage further comprises a concentration control system set a first intake passage to the first solenoid valve in the trachea, and the first passage into the first passage and said gas concentration sensor is electrically connected to the first solenoid valve inlet concentration control unit; said second way into the gas concentration control system further includes a second solenoid valve in said second passage in the intake pipe, and a second intake passage with the second passage and said second gas concentration sensor is electrically connected to the solenoid valve into gas concentration control 单元;其中所述上位机控制系统的中央处理器电性连接上述温度控制单元、湿度控制单元、 压差控制单元、第一路进气浓度控制单元和第二路进气浓度控制单元。 Unit; wherein said host central processing unit electrically connected to the control system of the temperature control means and humidity control means, pressure control unit, a first intake passage and a second passage concentration control unit inlet concentration control unit.
8.根据权利要求7所述的动物气体染毒装置,其特征在于,其与置于外部且与加湿阀管道连接的加湿器、置于外部且与加压阀管道连接的加压器,置于外部且与第一电磁阀管道连接的第一路进气制造设备,置于外部且与第二电磁阀管道连接的第二路进气制造设备组构成动物气体染毒系统。 8. Animal gas exposure apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that it is placed outside and is connected to the valve conduit humidification humidifier, placed outside and is connected to a pressurized conduit pressurizing valve, set a first intake passage and connected to an external device for producing the first solenoid valve conduit, disposed outside and a second intake passage connected to the manufacturing device group constituting the second solenoid valve conduit animals gas exposure system.
9.根据权利要求7所述的动物气体染毒装置,其特征在于,其集成有与加湿阀管道连接的加湿器以及与加压阀管道连接的加压器。 9. Animal gas exposure apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that it is integrated with the humidifier is connected to a pressurized humidification valve conduit and valve connecting the pressurized pipeline.
10.根据权利要求7所述的动物气体染毒装置,其特征在于,所述加热制冷器包括其输出管道与所述内腔连通的加热器和制冷器。 Animals exposed to gas 10. The apparatus according to claim 7, wherein said heater comprises a heating and cooling device and cooling an output duct in communication with the lumen.
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CN201837910U (en) * 2010-06-18 2011-05-18 河南大用实业有限公司 Automatic control system used for henhouse
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CN103385769A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-11-13 天津开发区合普工贸有限公司 Integrated sectioning cavity multi-concentration gas contamination device
CN103385769B (en) * 2013-08-19 2015-03-25 天津开发区合普工贸有限公司 Integrated sectioning cavity multi-concentration gas contamination device
CN107393402A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-11-24 重庆科技学院 Poisonous gas poisoning and suffocation accident cause calamity outdoor scene demo system

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