CN102487861A - High-yield high-efficiency technology for cultivating sinonovacula constricta in pond - Google Patents

High-yield high-efficiency technology for cultivating sinonovacula constricta in pond Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102487861A
CN102487861A CN2011103808079A CN201110380807A CN102487861A CN 102487861 A CN102487861 A CN 102487861A CN 2011103808079 A CN2011103808079 A CN 2011103808079A CN 201110380807 A CN201110380807 A CN 201110380807A CN 102487861 A CN102487861 A CN 102487861A
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Prior art keywords
pond
razor clam
hanging
algae
culture
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CN2011103808079A
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Chinese (zh)
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王兴春
全汉锋
林国文
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王兴春
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Priority to CN2011103808079A priority Critical patent/CN102487861A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-yield high-efficiency technology for cultivating sinonovacula constricta in a pond, which is characterized by comprising the steps of (1) pond selection, (2) pond modification, (3) pond treatment, (4) treatment of an algae cultivating pond and (5) selection of sinonovacula constricta larva. By means of modification of the cultivating pond and changing of an existing blind and unsuitable fertilizing-feeding mode, growth speed of sinonovacula constricta cultivating in the pond is greatly improved, a cultivating period is shortened, two-batch yield of the pond sinonovacula constricta in one year is achieved, cultivation survival rate, specification and yield are improved remarkably, and high-quality, high-yield and high-efficiency pond cultivation of the sinonovacula constricta is facilitated.

Description

A kind of cultural technique of the highly efficient and productive pond of razor clam of hanging
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, particularly a kind of cultural technique of the highly efficient and productive pond of razor clam of hanging.
Background technology
Traditional in recent years razor clam pool is formed makes that cultivating pool is aging, organic matter accumulation is excessive in the pool, and breeding water body anoxic, water quality deterioration are serious, adds factor affecting such as bait throwing in blindness, fertilization mode be improper; The pond culture razor clam phenomena of mortality of hanging take place often; And be on the rise, cause per unit area yield low, produce unstable; Cause serious economy loss to the raiser, restricted the healthy and sustainable development of the razor clam aquaculture of hanging to a great extent.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the above-mentioned prior art shortcomings, the present invention aims to provide a razor clam productive and efficient pond farming techniques, feeding it to local conditions to improve fertilization methods, precision fertilization, scientific cultivation plant food, both to Sinonovacula provide sufficient quantities of high-quality food, and reducing fertilizer on pond water pollution and Sinonovacula stimulation, thereby control the pond water;? structural transformation of the old pond, the pond is divided into a few mouthfuls of functional Koike way to accommodate the needs of rapid growth Sinonovacula; these key technologies will solve Sinonovacula can raise two crops a year, in autumn and winter low water temperature can also have a good aquaculture production, 14 months or so can be harvested Liangcha finished razor, changing previous extensive extensive, and the formation of blind fertilization feeding crop year only player to develop, with an annual yield of 300 ~ 500kg model, improve the survival rate and razor clam farming unit of production, so the pond to develop productive and efficient .
In order to reach above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts following concrete technical scheme: a kind of cultural technique of the highly efficient and productive pond of razor clam of hanging is characterized in that following steps:
⑴ select the pond: the pond of selecting 140 mu of areas is a benchmark; The pond of 140 mu of areas is divided into the three young ponds of 4 ︰, 3 ︰ 3; The hang growing pond of razor clam of two mouthfuls of breed is cultured the culture pond of algae (bait) flatly, and after date can be cultured by turns when forming one batch or one section; And but each mouthful cultured also alternate culture of furrow face in the pond; Algae can be supplied to after the arrival some and culture the pond as the razor clam growth bait of hanging directly through the fertilising cultivation at culture pond again, has so just avoided at the direct caused water quality deterioration that applies fertilizer of growing pond;
⑵ the field of razor clam is put in order in pond: be made into size through hoe, rake, after flat and be 5 * 20m the furrow face several, leave dark about 50cm between each furrow face, widely be the ditch of 80cm~100cm;
⑶ handle in pond: two mouthfuls of razor clam growing ponds of hanging are tanned by the sun with the algae culture pond, with the quicklime full pond sterilization of 1200 kg~1500kg/ha, drain Chi Shui after the week, and water inlet is washed 1~2 time again;
⑷ handle in algae culture pond: preceding about 15 days cultivation of algae of intaking of seedling are being put in the algae culture pond; Water inlet 80cm after 100 mesh sieve thin,tough silk filter; Dispensing carbonic hydroammonium (150 kg~170kg/ha), superphosphate (the inorganic fertilizer cultivation of algae of 50 kg~57kg/ha), (transparency was 25cm~35cm) when dark brown or yellow green appearred in water colour in culture pond; Show the algae culture success, can be used as the biological feed that the razor clam of hanging is cultured;
⑸ select to hang the razor clam seed: select the seed (long 1.7 cm of shell~2.9 cm) of stalwartness and neat specification, evenly sowing is on the furrow face in three young ponds.
The water temperature in said pond is 8 ℃~32 ℃, and salinity is 7.8~28.8.
Form the temporarily foster seed that the razor clam of hanging adopts indoors artificial to cultivate for said first batch, second batch of seed of forming adopted the big individual natural razor clam seedling in sea area.
The real area that the said razor clam of hanging is formed approximately only accounts for 1/3rd of whole pond.
Compared with prior art; The present invention has following outstanding advantage and effect: through transformation form the pond and change in the past blindly, the bait throwing in mode of applying fertilizer improperly; Improved the growth rate that razor clam pool is formed greatly, shortened the culture-cycle, make the pond hang razor clam realize 1 year two batches form; Increase substantially breed survival rate, specification and output, promoted pond hang razor clam high-quality, highly efficient and productive forming.
Embodiment
Through concrete embodiment the present invention is done further description below.
Embodiment 1
The cultural technique in a kind of highly efficient and productive pond of razor clam of hanging of present embodiment is characterized in that following steps:
⑴ select the pond: the pond of selecting 140 mu of areas is a benchmark; The pond of 140 mu of areas is divided into the three young ponds of 4 ︰, 3 ︰ 3; The hang growing pond of razor clam of two mouthfuls of breed is cultured the culture pond of algae (bait) flatly, and after date can be cultured by turns when forming one batch or one section; And but each mouthful cultured also alternate culture of furrow face in the pond; Algae can be supplied to after the arrival some and culture the pond as the razor clam growth bait of hanging directly through the fertilising cultivation at culture pond again, has so just avoided at the direct caused water quality deterioration that applies fertilizer of growing pond;
⑵ the field of razor clam is put in order in pond: be made into size through hoe, rake, after flat and be 5 * 20m the furrow face several, leave dark about 50cm between each furrow face, widely be the ditch of 80cm~100cm;
⑶ handle in pond: two mouthfuls of razor clam growing ponds of hanging are tanned by the sun with the algae culture pond, with the quicklime full pond sterilization of 1200 kg~1500kg/ha, drain Chi Shui after the week, and water inlet is washed 1~2 time again;
⑷ handle in algae culture pond: preceding about 15 days cultivation of algae of intaking of seedling are being put in the algae culture pond; Water inlet 80cm after 100 mesh sieve thin,tough silk filter; Dispensing carbonic hydroammonium (150 kg~170kg/ha), superphosphate (the inorganic fertilizer cultivation of algae of 50 kg~57kg/ha), (transparency was 25cm~35cm) when dark brown or yellow green appearred in water colour in culture pond; Show the algae culture success, can be used as the biological feed that the razor clam of hanging is cultured.
⑸ select to hang the razor clam seed: select the seed (long 1.7 cm of shell~2.9 cm) of stalwartness and neat specification, evenly sowing is on the furrow face in three young ponds.
The water temperature in said pond is 8 ℃~32 ℃, and salinity is 7.8~28.8.
Form the temporarily foster seed that the razor clam of hanging adopts indoors artificial to cultivate for said first batch, second batch of seed of forming adopted the big individual natural razor clam seedling in sea area.
The real area that the said razor clam of hanging is formed approximately only accounts for 1/3rd of whole pond.
The present invention form the pond through transformation and change in the past blindly, the bait throwing in mode of applying fertilizer improperly; Improved the growth rate that razor clam pool is formed greatly; Shortened the culture-cycle; Make the pond hang razor clam realize 1 year two batches form, increased substantially breed survival rate, specification and output, promoted pond hang razor clam high-quality, highly efficient and productive forming.

Claims (4)

1. cultural technique in the highly efficient and productive pond of razor clam of hanging is characterized in that following steps:
⑴ select the pond: the pond of selecting 140 mu of areas is a benchmark; The pond of 140 mu of areas is divided into the three young ponds of 4 ︰, 3 ︰ 3; The hang growing pond of razor clam of two mouthfuls of breed is cultured the culture pond of algae (bait) flatly, and after date can be cultured by turns when forming one batch or one section; And but each mouthful cultured also alternate culture of furrow face in the pond; Algae can be supplied to after the arrival some and culture the pond as the razor clam growth bait of hanging directly through the fertilising cultivation at culture pond again, has so just avoided at the direct caused water quality deterioration that applies fertilizer of growing pond;
⑵ the field of razor clam is put in order in pond: be made into size through hoe, rake, after flat and be 5 * 20m the furrow face several, leave dark about 50cm between each furrow face, widely be the ditch of 80cm~100cm;
⑶ handle in pond: two mouthfuls of razor clam growing ponds of hanging are tanned by the sun with the algae culture pond, with the quicklime full pond sterilization of 1200 kg~1500kg/ha, drain Chi Shui after the week, and water inlet is washed 1~2 time again;
⑷ handle in algae culture pond: preceding about 15 days cultivation of algae of intaking of seedling are being put in the algae culture pond; Water inlet 80cm after 100 mesh sieve thin,tough silk filter; Dispensing carbonic hydroammonium (150 kg~170kg/ha;), superphosphate (the inorganic fertilizer cultivation of algae of 50 kg~57kg/ha), (transparency was 25cm~35cm) when dark brown or yellow green appearred in water colour in culture pond;
⑸ select to hang the razor clam seed: select the seed (long 1.7 cm of shell~2.9 cm) of stalwartness and neat specification, evenly sowing is on the furrow face in three young ponds.
2. according to the cultural technique in the said a kind of highly efficient and productive pond of razor clam of hanging of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the water temperature in said pond is 8 ℃~32 ℃, and salinity is 7.8~28.8.
3. according to the cultural technique in the said a kind of highly efficient and productive pond of razor clam of hanging of claim 1, it is characterized in that: form the temporarily foster seed that the razor clam of hanging adopts indoors artificial to cultivate for said first batch, second batch of seed of forming adopted the big individual natural razor clam seedling in sea area.
4. according to the cultural technique in the said a kind of highly efficient and productive pond of razor clam of hanging of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the real area that the said razor clam of hanging is formed approximately only accounts for 1/3rd of whole pond.
CN2011103808079A 2011-11-25 2011-11-25 High-yield high-efficiency technology for cultivating sinonovacula constricta in pond Pending CN102487861A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103211129A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-07-24 宁波大学 Application of marine diatoms as sinonovacula constricta lamarck seedling culture bait
CN104012439A (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-09-03 宁德市吉星农业开发有限公司 Method for culturing purely natural alpine novaculina chinensis
CN104067968A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-10-01 福建春来农业有限公司 Cultivation method for solving problem that razor clam is difficult to catch in pond
CN104855320A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-08-26 宁波大学 Method for improving aquaculture output and quality of sinonovacula constricta
CN105176824A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-12-23 张建国 Chlorella culture method
CN105360044A (en) * 2014-08-19 2016-03-02 东港市祥顺渔业有限公司 Construction method for seawater ecological mixed aquaculture pond
CN106305541A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-11 北海金不换水产贸易有限公司 Culture method of sinonovacula constricta
CN109275601A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-01-29 浙江万里学院 A kind of bottom lapping cultural method for razor clam of hanging
CN110226542A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-13 莆田市天然星农业开发有限公司 One kind is hung razor clam anti-season pond breeding method

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CN101731158A (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-06-16 张明钰 Shallow pond culture technique for sinonovacula constricta lamarck

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CN101731158A (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-06-16 张明钰 Shallow pond culture technique for sinonovacula constricta lamarck

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103211129A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-07-24 宁波大学 Application of marine diatoms as sinonovacula constricta lamarck seedling culture bait
CN104012439A (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-09-03 宁德市吉星农业开发有限公司 Method for culturing purely natural alpine novaculina chinensis
CN104012439B (en) * 2014-07-01 2015-12-09 宁德市吉星农业开发有限公司 A kind of cultural method of pure natural high mountain fresh water razor clam
CN104067968A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-10-01 福建春来农业有限公司 Cultivation method for solving problem that razor clam is difficult to catch in pond
CN104067968B (en) * 2014-07-09 2016-01-20 福建春来农业有限公司 A kind of cultural method solving pond receipts razor clam difficulty
CN105360044A (en) * 2014-08-19 2016-03-02 东港市祥顺渔业有限公司 Construction method for seawater ecological mixed aquaculture pond
CN105176824A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-12-23 张建国 Chlorella culture method
CN104855320A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-08-26 宁波大学 Method for improving aquaculture output and quality of sinonovacula constricta
CN104855320B (en) * 2015-06-08 2017-05-31 宁波大学 A kind of method for improving hang razor clam cultured output and quality
CN106305541A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-11 北海金不换水产贸易有限公司 Culture method of sinonovacula constricta
CN109275601A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-01-29 浙江万里学院 A kind of bottom lapping cultural method for razor clam of hanging
CN110226542A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-09-13 莆田市天然星农业开发有限公司 One kind is hung razor clam anti-season pond breeding method

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