CN102487788A - Intelligent spray irrigation discharge control system based on weather information services - Google Patents

Intelligent spray irrigation discharge control system based on weather information services Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102487788A
CN102487788A CN2011104184570A CN201110418457A CN102487788A CN 102487788 A CN102487788 A CN 102487788A CN 2011104184570 A CN2011104184570 A CN 2011104184570A CN 201110418457 A CN201110418457 A CN 201110418457A CN 102487788 A CN102487788 A CN 102487788A
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data
information
sprinkling irrigation
meteorological
information service
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Pending
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CN2011104184570A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
顾峻
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NANJING CHENGFENG ATMOSPHERE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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NANJING CHENGFENG ATMOSPHERE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Priority to CN2011104184570A priority Critical patent/CN102487788A/en
Publication of CN102487788A publication Critical patent/CN102487788A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent spray irrigation discharge control system based on weather information services, which comprises a data acquisition exchange system, an information service support system, and a production control center. The information service support system compares acquired data with information in a set-up crop knowledge base and provides a recommended range of crop growth parameters according to local weather information and future weather information. The production control center controls operation of a spray irrigation system or discharge equipment according to result information analyzed by the information service support system. The information service support system combines weather data and growth site practical parameter data of crops, the weather data and the growth site practical parameter data are analyzed with the data in the crop knowledge base to provide best control measures which are transmitted to the production control center, and the production control center controls a user controller to determine when, how much and what to spray-irrigate, so that efficient, scientific, quantitative and fine agricultural irrigation is realized, and the existing extensive spray irrigation/discharge way is changed into an economical, fine and intelligent production way.

Description

Intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems that becomes more meticulous based on the meteorological information service.
Background technology
Be farming service, energy-saving low-carbon environment protection emission; Extensive small peasant economy production model changed into become more meticulous, intensification, scale, the scientific mode of production; Be important development direction and the construction object that country guarantees agricultural production and environmental protection,, make scientific target become possibility along with the practical application of sensing equipment and sensing technology; The real world applications of cloud computing technology combines present information service and worker, agricultural production closely.
How hydroscience ground is effectively utilized, reduce the waste of precious water resource, how based on weather conditions, science, real-time sprays, and becomes the emphasis direction of sprinkling irrigation emission control systems research and development.For example, when weather forecast had precipitation to reach 8mm/ hour moderate rain after following 3 days, conventional 1/3 the water yield of then only need spraying the same day can satisfy the demands, if still irrigate conventional amount, then causes the waste of water resource.
And in the prior art; No matter traditional manual watering or automation sprinkling irrigation or slight irrigation; What solve all is problems such as irrigation is even, pouring spreadability, and solves the appropriateness property problem of irrigating, and is the adjusting discharging of spraying by rule of thumb according to weather condition basically.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on meteorological information service, solves and when water, irrigate how many amounts, irrigates and so on problem, realizes efficient, science, the quantification agricultural irrigation that becomes more meticulous.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention provides a kind of intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service, it is characterized in that, comprises
The data acquisition exchange system is used for the collection of meteorological data and the collection of crop growth environment information;
The information service support system; To collect in the crops knowledge base of the data of said data acquisition exchange system collection and foundation and grow each period required environmental information and local each season, historical weather information of the crops of arrangement analyzed comparison; Find out difference or abnormal data, meteorology and the following weather information based on the locality provides crop growth parameter recommendation scope again;
Operation manual or automatic control mode control sprinkling irrigation system or exhaust apparatus according to the object information that said information service support system is analyzed, is selected in the central production control unit.
The collection of said meteorological data is through internet or special line transmission manner, and satellite cloud picture data, radar return data, artificial acquisition station data and the meteorological station information automatically of meteorological department is transferred to the information service support system.
Adopt wireless senser to gather said crop growth environment information.
The data of said wireless senser collection are pooled to sensor network nodes through short-distance radio communication transmission, and are connected with the server of said central production control unit, said information service support system through radio network gateway.
Said crop growth environment information comprises in the required air themperature of crop growth, air humidity, soil temperature, soil moisture, intensity of illumination, gas concentration lwevel, soil constituent, PH value, air pressure, the fertilizer concentration parameter one or multinomial at least.
The operation of said sprinkling irrigation system or exhaust apparatus comprises unit interval and the sprinkling irrigation amount that sprinkling irrigation system carries out agricultural chemicals or chemical fertilizer according to the data of calculating and sprays.
Comprise the crops knowledge base in the said information service support system, the meteorological data of gathering is carried out the information pre-processing module and the information parser module of analyzing and processing, also comprise the data processing module that the crop growth environment information of wireless senser collection is handled.Also comprise one the data of said crops knowledge base and said information parser module, data processing module output are analyzed the data analysis module of comparison.
Said central production control unit is controlled said sprinkling irrigation system or exhaust apparatus through controller.
The present invention is principal element with the weather forecast; In conjunction with such as Data Elements such as the face of land and underlying surface temperature, humidity; And to the different characteristics of product that generate in the industry; Adopt the knowledge in related discipline fields such as atmospheric science and applied mathematics, work out numerical model to the different product of the sector.Realization through software and electronic circuit; Can reach functions such as real-time monitoring, early warning and scheme proposals prompting; For energy-conservation (proportioning of control sprinkling irrigation water consumption and agricultural chemicals/chemical fertilizer), the low-carbon (LC) of industry (exhaust emission prediction and discharge impact evaluation) target provides scientific basis; Reduce the cost of industry product, improved the level of production that becomes more meticulous of the product of these industries.
Utilize agriculture Internet of Things; Through wireless senser with the crops production environment: information conveyance such as soil moisture, soil constituent, PH value, temperature, air humidity and air pressure, intensity of illumination, CO2 concentration are to data center; Synchronous real-time is obtained local up-to-date meteorological information and meteorological trend data from meteorological department; Data center at first analyzes crop growth environment according to agricultural growth optimum condition (agricultural production optimum condition knowledge base); Analyze the difference of current each item index and optimal parameter; And combine meteorological information to provide best solution and measure, and scheme and measure are flowed to the central production control unit, manual operation and automation mechanized operation are selected according to these schemes and measure in the central production control unit; If can will ordering through sensor or controller, automation mechanized operation assigns to relevant sprinkling irrigation and emission control systems, if manual operations requires manual operator that operation information is recorded the production center.
The beneficial effect that the present invention reached:
Intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service of the present invention; By the information service support system weather forecast prediction data is combined with the on-the-spot actual parameter data of crop growth; Through analyzing and provide the best control measure with the data of crops knowledge base; Send the central production control unit to,, decide and when water, irrigate and how much measure, what is irrigated by central production control unit control customer controller; Realize efficient, science, the quantification agricultural irrigation that becomes more meticulous, the intelligent mode of production that present extensive style sprinkling irrigation/discharging modes are become economizing type, become more meticulous.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a system framework sketch map of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a logic chart of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is further described.Following examples only are used for technical scheme of the present invention more clearly is described, and can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.
Like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, of the present inventionly be divided into three Core Feature districts: (1) data acquisition exchange system comprises local crop growth environment information; Local meteorological information and trend data; The automation control information; (2) information service support system comprise the processing of production environment information and meteorological information, and data analysis is handled; (3) central production control unit is according to the manual and automatic triggering control of data center's information behavior.
1, data acquisition exchange system
A) local crop growth environment information; Through agriculture technology of Internet of things; Adopting wireless senser, gather crops actual production environment information, specifically is that wireless sensor node is placed in the crop growth environment; Gather parameters such as the required air themperature of crop growth, air humidity, soil temperature, soil moisture, PH value, intensity of illumination, gas concentration lwevel, air pressure in real time; And pass through the transmission that the short-distance radio mechanics of communication realizes sensing data, all data are pooled to Centroid, are connected through the server of a radio network gateway with central production control unit, information service support system;
B) local meteorological data collection through modes such as internet or special lines, is transferred to the information service support system with the satellite cloud picture data of meteorological department, radar return data, artificial acquisition station data and meteorological station information automatically.
C) automation control information, certain sub-irrigation system is opened or closed to information such as automatic decision required irrigation quantity on the same day in the instruction of sending through the central production control unit, and the relevant actuating equipment of notice like controller etc..
2, information service support system
A) crops knowledge base is collected and the arrangement crops required environmental information of growing each period, comprises soil moisture, soil constituent, PH value, temperature, air humidity and air pressure, intensity of illumination, CO2 concentration etc.; Collect and put in order historical meteorological information of local each month throughout the year or season simultaneously;
B) data; To crop growth information processing and parsing; Will be through obtaining crop growth environment information in the sensor receiver; After information preliminary treatment such as format, standardization, these data are resolved and translated, make that the data of these sensors can manual identified and Computer Storage;
C) information parser formats processing to the meteorological information of gathering and makes data standard unified, through the information parser module data is handled, and improves the accuracy of data.These meteorological datas calculate the suitable employed meteorologic parameter of target client through handling, and these meteorologic parameter values are issued to the central production control unit that is installed in curstomer`s site.Adjustment sprinkling irrigation/discharging numerical value is automatically promptly come based on these parameters in the central production control unit, and generates sprinkling irrigation/emission scenary automatically for the client, and the manager of central production control unit just can select to automatically perform selected sprinkling irrigation/emission scenary, or manual fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation/discharging parameter;
I. quality control: every data that from the raw data base at manual work station or automatic station, inquire; Simultaneously the data in a day (24 hours) are put into buffer memory; Carrying out quality control judges; If the logical check of quality control is the horizontal contrast between data; Then directly continuous item in these data is carried out processing logic according to the inspection logic, if inspection is the vertical contrast (between the different time points data contrast) between data, the data that then need from buffer memory, to read different time points are carried out logic and are judged; If the field value in these data meets logic, then this field data is effective, deposits it in application data base;
Ii. interpolation:, improve meteorological data the meteorology in crop growth zone is covered through the Kriging interpolation algorithm.
D) data analysis; To pass through the meteorological information of information parser resume module, the crop growth information of process data and the information of crops knowledge base and all be connected to data analysis module; According to the information of crops knowledge base crop growth environment information is analyzed comparison by data analysis module; Find out difference or abnormal data, meteorology and the following meteorological information according to the locality provides the growth parameter(s) suggested range again.
3, central production control unit
A) utilize the GIS technology; The crop growth dot information is illustrated on the map; Graphical exhibition information; And being equipped with corresponding alarm and prompting means, the modes such as traditional sound, light that comprise are reminded the staff of control centre, also with the short message mode through the advanced person warning information are published on staff's mobile phone;
B) central production control unit is based on the information of information service support system analysis; Based on numerical computations and artificial each parameter of adjustment; Corresponding data information is made judgement; Parameter based on the information service support system provides is come adjustment sprinkling irrigation/discharging numerical value automatically; And generate sprinkling irrigation/emission scenary automatically for the client; The manager of central production control unit just can select to automatically perform selected sprinkling irrigation/emission scenary, or manual fine-tuning sprinkling irrigation/discharging parameter; And the relevant actuating equipment of notice, like controller etc., open or close certain sub-irrigation system, make spray irrigation system carry out the unit interval and the sprinkling irrigation amount is sprayed, comprising the sprinkling irrigation operation of agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer etc. according to the data of calculating.
Information such as the instruction required sprinkling irrigation amount of sending through the central production control unit on the decision-making same day,
The above only is a preferred implementation of the present invention; Should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from know-why of the present invention; Can also make some improvement and distortion, these improvement and distortion also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service is characterized in that, comprises
The data acquisition exchange system is used for the collection of meteorological data and the collection of crop growth environment information;
The information service support system; To collect in the crops knowledge base of the data of said data acquisition exchange system collection and foundation and grow each period required environmental information and local each season, historical weather information of the crops of arrangement analyzed comparison; Find out difference or abnormal data, meteorology and the following weather information based on the locality provides crop growth parameter recommendation scope again;
Operation manual or automatic control mode control sprinkling irrigation system or exhaust apparatus according to the object information that said information service support system is analyzed, is selected in the central production control unit.
2. the intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; The collection of said meteorological data is through internet or special line transmission manner, and satellite cloud picture data, radar return data, artificial acquisition station data and the meteorological station information automatically of meteorological department is transferred to the information service support system.
3. the intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service according to claim 1 is characterized in that, adopts wireless senser to gather said crop growth environment information.
4. the intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service according to claim 3; It is characterized in that; The data of said wireless senser collection are pooled to sensor network nodes through short-distance radio communication transmission, and are connected with the server of said central production control unit, said information service support system through radio network gateway.
5. according to claim 1 or 3 described intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service; It is characterized in that said crop growth environment information comprises in the required air themperature of crop growth, air humidity, soil temperature, soil moisture, intensity of illumination, gas concentration lwevel, soil constituent, PH value, air pressure, the fertilizer concentration parameter one or multinomial at least.
6. the intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service according to claim 1; It is characterized in that the operation of said sprinkling irrigation system or exhaust apparatus comprises unit interval and the sprinkling irrigation amount that sprinkling irrigation system carries out agricultural chemicals or chemical fertilizer according to the data of calculating and sprays.
7. the intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service according to claim 3; It is characterized in that; Comprise the crops knowledge base in the said information service support system, the meteorological data of gathering is carried out the information pre-processing module and the information parser module of analyzing and processing, also comprise the data processing module that the crop growth environment information of wireless senser collection is handled.
8. the intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service according to claim 7; It is characterized in that, also comprise one the data of said crops knowledge base and said information parser module, data processing module output are analyzed the data analysis module of comparison.
9. the intelligence sprinkling irrigation emission control systems based on the meteorological information service according to claim 1 is characterized in that said central production control unit is controlled said sprinkling irrigation system or exhaust apparatus through controller.
CN2011104184570A 2011-12-15 2011-12-15 Intelligent spray irrigation discharge control system based on weather information services Pending CN102487788A (en)

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Cited By (19)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103149897A (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-06-12 中北大学 Precision agriculture self-adaption monitoring system and method based on agricultural Internet of things
CN103299881A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-09-18 青岛恒讯水利科技发展有限公司 Farmland intelligent irrigation management system
CN103299882A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-18 北方民族大学 Intelligent water-saving field irrigation system of irrigation district
CN103399989A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-11-20 北京农业信息技术研究中心 Method and device for real-time synchronous virtual visualization of farmland environment
CN103605353A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-02-26 四川五丰科技有限公司 Agricultural intelligent optimization monitoring system and optimization monitoring method based on cloud services
CN104663368A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-06-03 山东锋士自动化系统有限公司 Feedback control-based farmland irrigation system and method
CN105353689A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-24 中农网购(江苏)电子商务有限公司 Pesticide spraying machinery management control system based on internet of things
CN105532384A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-04 潘敏 Agricultural humidity dynamic collecting and converting device
CN105573277A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-11 山东锋士自动化系统有限公司 Internet of Things intelligent irrigation system based on cloud computing
CN105897912A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-24 华南农业大学 Intelligent irrigation system and working method thereof
CN106034827A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-10-26 镇江市润州园林绿化研究所 Breeding system of landscape plants
CN106125701A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-16 山东锋士信息技术有限公司 Wisdom based on the Internet water and fertilizer management equipment irrigates cloud system
CN106326278A (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-01-11 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 Data exception judgment method and device
CN106376437A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Alternative irrigation intelligent control system
CN106489687A (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-03-15 深圳前海弘稼科技有限公司 The control method of irrigation rig and control device
CN106508453A (en) * 2016-09-05 2017-03-22 深圳市双赢伟业科技股份有限公司 Climate-based agriculture interconnected production method
CN106613783A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-05-10 河北农业大学 Universal intelligent irrigation system and control method therefor
CN106688827A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-24 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 Irrigation decision-making system and method based on agricultural system model
CN110622832A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-31 重庆纳德雨涧环保科技有限公司 Intelligent control system and method for greening and sprinkling irrigation of flyover foundation slope

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CN103149897A (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-06-12 中北大学 Precision agriculture self-adaption monitoring system and method based on agricultural Internet of things
CN103299881A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-09-18 青岛恒讯水利科技发展有限公司 Farmland intelligent irrigation management system
CN103299882A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-18 北方民族大学 Intelligent water-saving field irrigation system of irrigation district
CN103299882B (en) * 2013-06-20 2015-11-25 北方民族大学 Economize on water intelligent irrigation system in a kind of field, irrigated area
CN103399989A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-11-20 北京农业信息技术研究中心 Method and device for real-time synchronous virtual visualization of farmland environment
CN103605353A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-02-26 四川五丰科技有限公司 Agricultural intelligent optimization monitoring system and optimization monitoring method based on cloud services
CN103605353B (en) * 2013-11-29 2015-09-30 四川五丰科技有限公司 A kind of agriculture intelligent optimization supervisory system based on cloud service and optimization method for supervising
CN104663368A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-06-03 山东锋士自动化系统有限公司 Feedback control-based farmland irrigation system and method
CN106326278A (en) * 2015-06-30 2017-01-11 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 Data exception judgment method and device
CN105353689A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-24 中农网购(江苏)电子商务有限公司 Pesticide spraying machinery management control system based on internet of things
CN105532384A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-04 潘敏 Agricultural humidity dynamic collecting and converting device
CN105573277A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-11 山东锋士自动化系统有限公司 Internet of Things intelligent irrigation system based on cloud computing
CN105573277B (en) * 2015-12-31 2018-02-09 山东锋士信息技术有限公司 A kind of Internet of Things Intelligent irrigation system based on cloud computing
CN105897912A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-24 华南农业大学 Intelligent irrigation system and working method thereof
CN105897912B (en) * 2016-05-20 2018-12-21 华南农业大学 A kind of Intelligent irrigation system and its working method
CN106034827A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-10-26 镇江市润州园林绿化研究所 Breeding system of landscape plants
CN106125701A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-16 山东锋士信息技术有限公司 Wisdom based on the Internet water and fertilizer management equipment irrigates cloud system
CN106376437A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-08 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Alternative irrigation intelligent control system
CN106508453A (en) * 2016-09-05 2017-03-22 深圳市双赢伟业科技股份有限公司 Climate-based agriculture interconnected production method
CN106613783A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-05-10 河北农业大学 Universal intelligent irrigation system and control method therefor
CN106613783B (en) * 2016-10-20 2020-02-14 河北农业大学 Universal intelligent irrigation system and control method thereof
CN106489687A (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-03-15 深圳前海弘稼科技有限公司 The control method of irrigation rig and control device
CN106688827A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-24 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 Irrigation decision-making system and method based on agricultural system model
CN110622832A (en) * 2019-09-29 2019-12-31 重庆纳德雨涧环保科技有限公司 Intelligent control system and method for greening and sprinkling irrigation of flyover foundation slope

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