CN102485586A - Control system of electric bicycle with power generation function - Google Patents

Control system of electric bicycle with power generation function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102485586A
CN102485586A CN 201010571158 CN201010571158A CN102485586A CN 102485586 A CN102485586 A CN 102485586A CN 201010571158 CN201010571158 CN 201010571158 CN 201010571158 A CN201010571158 A CN 201010571158A CN 102485586 A CN102485586 A CN 102485586A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
electric
control system
power generation
bicycle
integrated controller
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CN 201010571158
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张超
胡剑峰
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西安大昱光电科技有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The invention discloses a control system of an electric bicycle with a power generation function, which comprises a storage battery, an electromotion and power generation integrated machine, a brake sensor and a comprehensive controller, wherein the storage battery, the electromotion and power generation integrated machine and the brake sensor are respectively connected with the comprehensive controller, the storage battery is used for supplying power for the electric bicycle and storing electric energy generated by the electromotion and power generation integrated machine, the comprehensive controller can be used for switching the electromotion mode and the power generation mode of the electromotion and power generation integrated machine, and the brake sensor is used for transmitting the braking state of the electric bicycle to the comprehensive controller. Mechanical energy in bicycle sliding can be converted into electrical energy and stored by the control system disclosed by the invention, and the control system has a simple structure, is low in cost, and is convenient to use and popularize.

Description

一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统 A bicycle with an electric power generation function of the control system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种控制系统,特别涉及一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a control system, and particularly relates to a control system for an electric bicycle with a power generation function. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 我国人口众多,电动自行车的使用量很庞大,目前的电动车都是将蓄电池事先充好电,然后耗完,再充。 [0002] China's large population, the use of very large amounts of electric bicycles, electric cars are now the battery is charged in advance, and then depletion, recharge. 然而当电动车刹车时,由于惯性自行车会继续滑行一段距离,同样在下坡时由于自重自行车也会向下滑行,此时蓄电池处于不工作状态,如果能将此时的机械能转化为电能对蓄电池进行充电,不但环保,还节能,同时也会使刹车时的滑行距离更短, 行驶更安全。 However, when the electric vehicle braking, coasting due to inertia will continue a distance bicycle, also in the downhill bicycle will glide down by its own weight, when the battery is in an inactive state, at this time, if able to convert mechanical energy to electric energy storage battery charging, not only environmentally friendly, but also energy-efficient, but also make gliding distance when braking shorter, safer driving.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的在于克服上述现有技术中的不足,提供一种一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art described above, there is provided a control system for an electric bicycle A tape generation function. 本发明能够将电动自行车滑行时的机械能转化为电能并进行储存,且其结构简单、使用方便、生产成本低,便于推广使用。 Conversion of mechanical energy when the electric bicycle of the present invention is capable of sliding into electrical energy and stored, and which is simple, easy to use, low cost, easy to promote use.

[0004] 为实现上述目的,本发明采用的技术方案是:一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统,其特征在于:包括蓄电池、电动发电一体机、刹车感应器和综合控制器,所述蓄电池、电动发电一体机和刹车感应器分别与综合控制器连接,所述蓄电池用于对电动自行车供电和储存电动发电一体机产生的电能,所述综合控制器能够对电动发电一体机电动模式和发电模式的转换,所述刹车感应器用于将电动自行车的刹车状态传输给综合控制器。 [0004] To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is that: the control system of the electric bicycle with a power generation function, characterized by: a battery, an electric power machine, a brake sensor and the integrated controller, the battery, electric power generation and brake machine sensors are connected to the integrated controller, a battery for power supply for electric bicycles and electric power storage machine generated, the electric machine can be integrated controller mode and motor generator the power generation mode, the brake sensor for transmitting electric bicycle brake state to the integrated controller.

[0005] 上述的一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统,所述综合控制器还连接有电子角度仪,所述电子角度仪用于检测电动自行车是否处于下坡时的状态并将电动自行车处于下坡的状态传输给综合控制器。 [0005] The electric control system for a bicycle with a power generation function, the integrated controller is also connected to an electronic inclinometer, the electronic device for detecting the angle is in a state when the electric bicycle and electric bicycle downhill transferred to the state in the downhill integrated controller.

[0006] 上述的一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统,所述综合控制器为单片机。 [0006] The electric bicycle with a power generation function of the control system, the integrated controller is a microcontroller.

[0007] 上述的一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统,所述单片机为芯片ATmega64、 ATmegal6、AT89S52 和C8051F040 中的一个。 [0007] The electric bicycle with a power generation function of the control system of the microcontroller chip ATmega64, ATmegal6, AT89S52 and C8051F040 one.

[0008] 上述的一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统,所述蓄电池的输出电压为36V 或48V,所述蓄电池的容量为IOA · h〜30A · h。 [0008] The electric bicycle with a power generation function of the control system, the battery output voltage is 36V or 48V, the battery capacity is IOA · h~30A · h.

[0009] 本发明与现有技术相比具有以下优点:本发明在使用时,当自行车正常行驶时,由蓄电池供电,带动电动发电一体机工作,此时电动发动一体机为电动机模式;当自行车刹车时,由刹车感应器检测出此时的状态,然后通过综合控制器切换电动发电一体机为发电机模式,从而对蓄电池充电;当自行车下坡时,由电子角度仪检测出此时的状态,然后通过综合控制器切换电动发电一体机为发电机模式,从而对蓄电池充电。 [0009] The present invention as compared to the prior art has the following advantages: In use of the present invention, when the bicycle normal driving, powered by a battery, an electric generator driven by the working machine, when the electric machine as a motor engine mode; when the bicycle when braking, the brake sensor detects the state at this time, then the integrated controller switch machine motor generator mode as a generator, thereby charging the battery; when the bicycle downhill, the state at this time is detected by an electronic inclinometer , then the integrated controller switch machine motor generator mode as a generator, thereby charging the battery. 本发明能够将电动自行车滑行时的机械能转化为电能并进行储存,且其节能环保、结构简单、使用方便、生产成本低,便于推广使用。 Conversion of mechanical energy when the electric bicycle of the present invention is capable of sliding into electrical energy and stored, and the energy saving, simple in structure, easy to use, low cost, easy to promote use.

[0010] 下面通过附图和实施例,对本发明的技术方案做进一步的详细描述。 [0010] The following drawings and embodiments, detailed description of the further aspect of the present invention. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图1为本发明的原理框图。 [0011] FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram of the present invention.

[0012] 附图标记说明: [0012] REFERENCE NUMERALS:

[0013] 1-蓄电池; 2-综合控制器; 3-电动发电一体机; [0013] 1- battery; 2- integrated controllers; 3- machine motor generator;

[0014] 4-刹车感应器; 5-电子角度仪。 [0014] 4- brake sensor; 5- electronic inclinometer.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 如图1所示的一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统,包括蓄电池1、电动发电一体机3、刹车感应器4和综合控制器2,所述蓄电池1、电动发电一体机3和刹车感应器4 分别与综合控制器2连接,所述蓄电池1用于对电动自行车供电和储存电动发电一体机3 产生的电能,所述综合控制器2能够对电动发电一体机3电动模式和发电模式的转换,所述刹车感应器4用于将电动自行车的刹车状态传输给综合控制器2。 [0015] FIG bicycle with an electric power generating function of a control system shown in FIG. 1, includes a battery 1, an electric generator machine 3, 4 and the brake sensor integrated controller 2, the storage battery 1, an electric generator machine 3 and a brake sensor 4 and the integrated controller 2 are connected to a battery for a power storage and supply electric bicycle motor generator 3 generates the machine, the integrated controller 2 3 can be an electric generator mode of the electric machine and a conversion power generation mode, the brake sensor 4 for transmitting the electric bicycle brake state to the integrated controller 2. 所述综合控制器2还连接有电子角度仪5,所述电子角度仪5用于检测电动自行车是否处于下坡时的状态并将电动自行车处于下坡的状态传输给综合控制器2。 The integrated controller 2 is further connected with an electronic goniometer 5, the electronic device 5 for detecting the angle is in a state when the electric bicycle and electric bicycle is a downhill slope of the integrated controller 2 to the state of the transmission. 所述综合控制器2为单片机。 The integrated controller 2 for the microcontroller. 所述单片机为芯片ATmega64、ATmegal6、AT89S52和C8051F040中的一个。 The microcontroller chip ATmega64, ATmegal6, AT89S52 and C8051F040 one. 所述蓄电池1的输出电压为36V或48V,所述蓄电池1的容量为IOA · h〜30A · h。 The output voltage of the battery is a 36V or 48V, the battery capacity for an IOA · h~30A · h.

[0016] 当自行车正常行驶时,由蓄电池1供电,带动电动发电一体机3工作,此时电动发动一体机3为电动机模式;当自行车刹车时,由刹车感应器4检测出此时的状态,然后通过综合控制器2切换电动发电一体机3为发电机模式,从而对蓄电池1充电;当自行车下坡时,由电子角度仪5检测出此时的状态,然后通过综合控制器2切换电动发电一体机3为发电机模式,从而对蓄电池1充电。 [0016] When the normal driving the bicycle, a battery power supply 1, an electric generator driven by the working machine 3, when the electric machine 3 as a motor the engine mode; when the bicycle brake, a brake sensor detects that the state at this time is 4, then the integrated controller 2 through the switch machine motor generator 3 as a generator mode, thereby charging the battery; when the bicycle downhill, the state at this time is detected by the angle of the electronic device 5 and the integrated controller 2 through the power switching electric 3-one as a generator mode, thereby charging the battery 1.

[0017] 本发明能够将电动自行车滑行时的机械能转化为电能并进行储存,且其节能环保、结构简单、使用方便、生产成本低,便于推广使用。 [0017] When mechanical energy into the electric bicycle of the present invention is capable of sliding into electrical energy and stored, and the energy saving, simple in structure, easy to use, low cost, easy to promote use.

[0018] 以上所述,仅是本发明的较佳实施例,并非对本发明作任何限制,凡是根据本发明技术实质对以上实施例所作的任何简单修改、变更以及等效结构变换,均仍属于本发明技术方案的保护范围内。 [0018] The above, only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the present invention is not any limitation, any simple modification according to any of the technical spirit of the present invention made of the above embodiment of the embodiment, changes and equivalents structural transformations they fall within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (5)

  1. 1. 一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统,其特征在于:包括蓄电池(1)、电动发电一体机(3)、刹车感应器⑷和综合控制器0),所述蓄电池(1)、电动发电一体机⑶和刹车感应器(4)分别与综合控制器(¾连接,所述蓄电池(1)用于对电动自行车供电和储存电动发电一体机C3)产生的电能,所述综合控制器O)能够对电动发电一体机(3)电动模式和发电模式的转换,所述刹车感应器(4)用于将电动自行车的刹车状态传输给综合控制器(2) ο An electric bicycle control system with a power generation function, characterized by: a battery (1), one motor-generator unit (3), the brake sensor and the integrated controller ⑷ 0), the rechargeable battery (1), machine and the motor generator brakes ⑶ sensor (4) respectively integrated controller (¾ connected to a battery (1) for storing electric bicycles and electric power generator machine C3) energy generated, the integrated controller O) capable of motoring and generating mode conversion machine motor generator (3), said brake sensor (4) for transmission of electric bicycle brake state to the integrated controller (2) ο
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统,其特征在于:所述综合控制器(¾还连接有电子角度仪(5),所述电子角度仪(¾用于检测电动自行车是否处于下坡时的状态并将电动自行车处于下坡的状态传输给综合控制器(2)。 The electric bicycle with a power generation function of the control system according to claim 1, wherein: said integrated controller (¾ further connected with an electronic goniometer (5), said electronic inclinometer (with ¾ to detect electric bicycle and electric bicycle is in a state where the downhill slope in the state of the transmission to the integrated controller (2).
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统,其特征在于: 所述综合控制器(¾为单片机。 The bicycle with an electric power generating function of the control system according to claim 1, wherein: said integrated controller (¾ microcontroller.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统,其特征在于:所述单片机为芯片AjTmegae^AjTmegaieAATSgSSZ 和C8051F040 中的一个。 4. The bicycle with an electric power generating function of a control system according to claim 3, wherein: said microcontroller chip AjTmegae ^ AjTmegaieAATSgSSZ and C8051F040 one.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的一种带发电功能的电动自行车的控制系统,其特征在于:所述蓄电池(1)的输出电压为36V或48V,所述蓄电池(1)的容量为IOA · h〜30A · h。 The electric bicycle with a power generation function of the control system according to claim 1, characterized in that: said battery (1) output voltage of 36V or 48V, the battery (1) The capacity of IOA · h~30A · h.
CN 201010571158 2010-12-02 2010-12-02 Control system of electric bicycle with power generation function CN102485586A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105882836A (en) * 2015-08-11 2016-08-24 乐视体育文化产业发展(北京)有限公司 Riding device control system and method as well as bicycle

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US3878445A (en) * 1972-09-01 1975-04-15 Kearney & Trecker Corp A. C. motor control apparatus and method
JPS5886802A (en) * 1981-11-17 1983-05-24 Toshiba Corp Controller for electric rolling stock and controlling method thereof
CN201002526Y (en) * 2006-12-23 2008-01-09 尹小东 Electric bicycle with automatic charging function
CN101209683A (en) * 2006-12-26 2008-07-02 比亚迪股份有限公司 Electric automobile driving electric motor control method and control system thereof
CN101400880A (en) * 2006-10-03 2009-04-01 三菱电机株式会社 Hybrid vehicle
CN101445049A (en) * 2008-07-17 2009-06-03 王小霞 Method and device for automobile fuel economy
CN201951262U (en) * 2010-12-02 2011-08-31 西安大昱光电科技有限公司 Control system for electric bicycle with power generating function

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3878445A (en) * 1972-09-01 1975-04-15 Kearney & Trecker Corp A. C. motor control apparatus and method
JPS5886802A (en) * 1981-11-17 1983-05-24 Toshiba Corp Controller for electric rolling stock and controlling method thereof
CN101400880A (en) * 2006-10-03 2009-04-01 三菱电机株式会社 Hybrid vehicle
CN201002526Y (en) * 2006-12-23 2008-01-09 尹小东 Electric bicycle with automatic charging function
CN101209683A (en) * 2006-12-26 2008-07-02 比亚迪股份有限公司 Electric automobile driving electric motor control method and control system thereof
CN101445049A (en) * 2008-07-17 2009-06-03 王小霞 Method and device for automobile fuel economy
CN201951262U (en) * 2010-12-02 2011-08-31 西安大昱光电科技有限公司 Control system for electric bicycle with power generating function

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105882836A (en) * 2015-08-11 2016-08-24 乐视体育文化产业发展(北京)有限公司 Riding device control system and method as well as bicycle

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