CN102477808B - Stereo garage and application operating method thereof - Google Patents

Stereo garage and application operating method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102477808B
CN102477808B CN201010623381.0A CN201010623381A CN102477808B CN 102477808 B CN102477808 B CN 102477808B CN 201010623381 A CN201010623381 A CN 201010623381A CN 102477808 B CN102477808 B CN 102477808B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pallet
hook
piler
storehouse
column
Prior art date
Application number
CN201010623381.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
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CN102477808A (en
Inventor
张铭勇
Original Assignee
张铭勇
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Priority to CN201020649293 priority Critical
Priority to CN201020649293.3 priority
Application filed by 张铭勇 filed Critical 张铭勇
Priority to CN201010623381.0A priority patent/CN102477808B/en
Publication of CN102477808A publication Critical patent/CN102477808A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102477808B publication Critical patent/CN102477808B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • E04H6/182Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions using car-gripping transfer means
    • E04H6/183Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions using car-gripping transfer means without transverse movement of the car after leaving the transfer means
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • E04H6/22Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions characterised by the use of movable platforms for horizontal transport, i.e. cars being permanently parked on palettes
    • E04H6/225Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions characterised by the use of movable platforms for horizontal transport, i.e. cars being permanently parked on palettes without transverse movement of the parking palette after leaving the transfer means

Abstract

The invention discloses a stereo garage and an application operating method thereof. The stereo garage comprises a carport, trays and a piler, wherein the carport is provided with a bottom tray storage platform and a parking platform; at least two trays are piled on the bottom tray storage platform, and the parking platform at least has two intervals in the height direction; the cross sections of two external upright posts of the carport and the cross sections of end beams at the two ends of each platform are all provided with same guide slotted pipes, the openings of the slotted pipes similarly face the inward direction, and the vertical joints of the slotted pipes are smoothly communicated; three wallboards and a follow-up rolling pivoted door are additionally arranged in the enclosed garage; the trays are in the shape of a polyhedral cone, thereby facilitating the mutual inserting and piling of the trays; the two ends of a boundary beam are respectively provided with a hanging component and a first roller, and the other boundary beam is at least provided with two pulling/hanging grooves; because the piler with lifting, dragging, hanging and horizontal moving functions is used, and the first rollers of the trays are guided to roll in the guide slotted pipes of the carport, the trays are dragged out, lifted and inserted so as to realize the position switching between a traveling road surface and each platform of the carport, thereby achieving the effects that vehicles get in and out of the garage and are stored; and by using the stereo garage, an effect of multilayer vehicle parking can be realized at one existing vehicle parking position.

Description

Multi-storied garage and application operating method

Technical field

The invention relates to a kind of multi-storied garage and application operating method for parking cars, especially about a kind of multi-storied garage.

Background technology

Existing multi-storied garage is parked more vehicle for realizing in unit area, and still, this kind of multi-storied garage has following shortcoming: be not suitable for taking up an area in community, roadside etc. less place and use; The long period need to be waited in turnover, the storehouse of vehicle.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of take up an area little and vehicle into and out of storehouse multi-storied garage easily.

The scheme of the technical problem that the present invention solves is: a kind of multi-storied garage and application operating method, comprise storehouse, pallet and piler.

Described storehouse comprises the landing that at least stacks the bottom deposit platform of two empty pallets and short transverse and at least have two separations, two outer columns of storehouse and the identical gathering sill tube shape in each platform both ends horizontal end carriage cross section measure-alike, the inwardly identical and vertical junction of gathering sill opening direction gathering sill smoothly communicates, same roller can roll with freely vertical commutation in horizontally-guided barrel vertical, two rear columns of storehouse are carrying column, also comprise that for safety closed type storehouse landing three side sealing closes wallboard, the sliding door of landing mouth, sliding door track, and two sliding door on-off controllers and lockhole.

The pallet of described vehicle has that plane is rectangular rectangle, space is multi-face solid cone, make pallet be convenient to mutually insert and stack, and minimizing deposit platform takes up room highly, pallet one side bar two ends are each installs a suspender member and can be placed on the first roller in storehouse vertical pillars and horizontal end carriage gathering sill pipe, another side bar has at least two to care for groove, and every multi-storied garage has at least two tray stack to be placed in deposit platform.

Described piler comprise lifting tray function lifting gear, traction pallet care for device, the translating device of mobile pallet plan-position, the suspension hook mechanism of the pallet of hanging, and power source and electric control gear.Some parts of piler device are fixed in the frame construction of storehouse, become a piler part and support.

Described piler lifting gear, comprise ground terminal be provided with the outer mast of translation tire, can be in outer mast column guide groove flexible inner upright mounting, each two covers of the balladeur train that can move up and down in inner upright mounting column guide groove and lifting drive parts, the first assembly pulley, the second assembly pulley and suspension hook mechanism up and down, two covers fall power part, the first assembly pulley, the second assembly pulley and suspension hook mechanism respectively symmetry be arranged on inside and outside door frame end positions.

Described piler is cared for device by caring for power part, connecting rod and at least two care for hook composition, the fixture of caring for power part is connected with balladeur train, movable part and rod hinge connection, caring for hook is arranged on by bearing pin on the crossbeam of balladeur train, care for hook and be designed with rocking arm, upper arm and draw hook, care for hook rocking arm and connecting rod at least two, balladeur train crossbeam composition parallel-crank mechanism, care for power part and promote connecting rod, under parallel-crank mechanism effect, care for hook at least two rotates simultaneously, make upper arm and the draw hook of caring for hook go back to or produce motion, realize release or care for pallet the action of caring for groove,

The suspension hook mechanism of described piler comprises suspension hook, hook, shifting block and three install line suspension hook second roller up and down, suspension hook the second roller and pallet the first roller shape, measure-alike, be arranged on the upper and lower vertical scrolling of energy in storehouse guide upright post barrel, designing requirement is in the time that pallet the first roller reaches platform both ends horizontal end carriage mouth, two suspension hooks start to hook two suspender members of side bar after pallet, form the state of hanging in advance pallet, in the first roller enters storehouse outer column barrel time, the interior side bar of pallet is hung, can not decline, the effect of shifting block is by stirring the scalable pin rod of sliding door controller, reach opening and closing storehouse sliding door.In present embodiment, suspension hook mechanism, sliding door decline by deadweight.

The first assembly pulley of described piler lifting gear comprises the first pulley, the first wire rope and the first adjusting bolt and the first connecting column, the first pulley is arranged on inner upright mounting top rail below, first wire rope one end and the first connecting column of walking around the first pulley are hinged, the first connecting column is connected with balladeur train, the other end and the first adjusting bolt are hinged, the first adjusting bolt is arranged on the outer mast top rail in the first pulley below, regulates height and the first steel wire tensioning power of the first adjusting bolt capable of regulating draw hook.Described the second assembly pulley comprises the second pulley, the second wire rope, first, second, the 3rd directive wheel, and second adjusting bolt and the second connecting column, the second pulley is also arranged on inside door top rail below, the first directive wheel is arranged on outer mast top rail, second, the 3rd directive wheel is arranged on respectively middle part and the tip position in storehouse outer column outside, walk around the second pulley, first, second, second wire rope one end and second connecting column of the 3rd directive wheel are hinged, the second connecting column is connected with suspension hook mechanism, the other end and the second adjusting bolt are hinged, the second adjusting bolt is arranged on the outer mast top rail in the second pulley below, regulate height and the second steel wire tensioning power of the second adjusting bolt capable of regulating suspension hook, in present embodiment, inner upright mounting, balladeur train decline by deadweight.

The lifting drive parts of described piler lifting gear comprise the lifting movable part that the lifting thrust piece that is arranged on outer mast is connected with inner upright mounting, under the effect of lifting drive parts, promote inner upright mounting lifting by lifting movable part, simultaneously respectively through first, the second assembly pulley transmission, make to be arranged on and care for hook and two suspension hook mechanisms with the identical speed lifting that is twice in inner upright mounting rising or falling speed on balladeur train, realize the object of vehicle with the motion of pallet horizontal lifting.

The translating device of described piler comprise two covers respectively symmetrical same position be arranged on cantilever beams, translation track, translation roller, upper translation power part, lower translation power part and the 3rd assembly pulley of outer mast end positions, centre has cantilever beams one end and vertical connection of outer mast top rail side direction of horizontal concrete chute, cantilever beams other end cantilever, translation roller is housed, translation roller is placed in translation track and rolls, and translation track level is arranged on medium position outside storehouse two ends, described upper member of translational is made up of upper translational thrust part and upper translation movable part, upper translational thrust part is installed in cantilever beams, upper translation movable part end is connected with the outer middle side part of storehouse rear column, lower translation power part is installed in storehouse and is approached ground place, lower member of translational is made up of lower translational thrust part and lower translation movable part, lower translational thrust is connected with the outer mast lower transverse beam of lifting gear, lower translation movable part end is connected with underbeam after storehouse, upper, under the common synchronous effect of lower translation power part, the translation roller of land translation tire and the translating device of outer mast is rolled respectively on ground and translation track, realize moving horizontally of piler, described the 3rd assembly pulley comprises the first movable pulley, coaster, the second movable pulley, the 3rd wire rope and the 3rd adjusting bolt and the 3rd connecting column, the first movable pulley, the second movable pulley is arranged on coaster, coaster is installed in the horizontal concrete chute in cantilever beams, the first movable pulley, the second movable pulley can horizontally slip with coaster in cantilever beams chute, the first movable pulley is enclosed within first of the second assembly pulley, on the second wire rope between the second directive wheel, the second movable pulley is walked around by the 3rd wire rope, the 3rd wire rope one end and the 3rd connecting column are hinged, the cantilever end level connection joint of the 3rd connecting column and cantilever horizontal stroke, the other end and the 3rd adjusting bolt are hinged, the 3rd adjusting bolt and outside, storehouse rear column middle part level connection joint, the 3rd adjusting bolt can be adjusted the tensile force of the 3rd wire rope, in the time of piler translational motion, the horizontal range of storehouse changes relatively, the now horizontal range respective change between the first directive wheel and the second directive wheel, the second wire rope horizontal section length is changed, move with piler because translating device cantilever is horizontal simultaneously, the 3rd connecting column that its cantilever end is installed is by traction the 3rd wire rope, drawing the relative cantilever transverse presentation of the second movable pulley puts and moves horizontally, make the first movable pulley also with horizontal the horizontally slipping of the relative cantilever of coaster, the horizontal displacement of the relative cantilever of the first movable pulley, can compensate the amount that the second wire rope horizontal section length changes because piler moves, thereby make the height and position of the suspension hook mechanism of the second wire rope connection, because moving horizontally, piler not there is not upper-lower position variation, while realizing piler translation, pallet remains that level follows piler translation together.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: this multi-storied garage can be in an existing automobile parking position, realize parking of multilayer automobile, can choice box posture, sidewalk formula or the multiple form that requires of sealing safety door theft-proof type, be suitable for by community, road, open car park construction, utilize existing runway as automobile into and out of position, only in the time having automobile into and out of storehouse, stop track, normally current state of lane keeping At All Other Times, thereby special inbound/outbound process track is not additionally set, has effectively reduced floor space.This multi-storied garage can be manufactured one independently in addition, debug complete equipment in factory, whole Transporting and lifting, only need to beat set bolt, other can not need on-the-spot installment and debugging, are applicable to installing additional multi-storied garage and multi-storied garage needs temporarily and ask and shift at any time local occasion.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the front view of present embodiment multi-storied garage; Fig. 2 is the right view of present embodiment multi-storied garage; Fig. 3 is the top view of present embodiment multi-storied garage;

Fig. 4 is the front view of present embodiment multi-storied garage storehouse;

Fig. 5 is the front view of present embodiment multi-storied garage pallet; Fig. 6 is the right view of present embodiment multi-storied garage pallet; Fig. 7 is the top view of present embodiment multi-storied garage pallet;

Fig. 8 is that the master that present embodiment three-dimensional garage stacking machine translating device stretches out state looks schematic diagram; Fig. 9 is that schematic diagram is looked on the right side of present embodiment three-dimensional garage stacking machine; Figure 10 is the top view of present embodiment three-dimensional garage stacking machine;

Figure 11 is that the piler in vertical this garage of present embodiment shifts out, and pallet is in extreme lower position, and the planar movement of pallet vehicle is to the carriage way of vehicle dead ahead, and the master that vehicle can leave top tray state looks schematic diagram;

Figure 12 is the partial enlarged drawing at A indication place in Figure 11; Figure 13 is the partial enlarged drawing at B indication place in Figure 11;

Figure 14 is the schematic top plan view that state cared for device and produce by present embodiment piler, and Figure 15 is the schematic top plan view of caring for device and proceed to state of present embodiment piler;

Figure 16 is that the piler of present embodiment multi-storied garage shifts out, and pallet rises extreme higher position, and the master who enters storehouse state is looked schematic diagram by vehicle; Figure 17 is that the piler of present embodiment multi-storied garage shifts out, schematic top plan view when piler takies carriage way; Figure 18 is the partial enlarged drawing at C indication place in Figure 11; Figure 19 is the partial enlarged drawing at D indication place in Figure 16;

Figure 20 is between two carriage way both sides, greening-tree, and the schematic top plan view of two playscript with stage directions embodiment multi-storied garages is installed;

Figure 21 is that the master of this multi-storied garage the second embodiment looks schematic diagram.

Figure 22 is that the master of this multi-storied garage the 3rd embodiment looks schematic diagram

Detailed description of the invention

As shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 19, embodiment of the present invention multi-storied garage, comprises storehouse 1, pallet 2 and piler 3.

Storehouse 1 comprises the landing 12 that at least stacks the bottom deposit platform 11 of two empty pallets and short transverse and at least have two separations, two outer columns 13 of storehouse and each platform both ends horizontal end carriage 121 identical gathering sill tube shapes in cross section measure-alike, the inwardly identical and vertical junction of gathering sill opening direction gathering sill smoothly communicates, two rear columns 14 of storehouse are carrying column and the rear underbeam 15 that connects two rear columns 14, also comprise that for safety closed type storehouse landing three side sealing closes wallboard, the sliding door 16 of turnover platform mouth, sliding door track 17, and two sliding door on-off controllers 18 and lockhole 19, controller 18 can be through electromagnetism pin rod form, formed by electromagnetism seat 181 and pin rod 182 that can be elastic, two electromagnetism seats 181 are installed respectively near sliding door 16 under shed limit beam-end, after being pin rod 182, controller 18 normally offs stretch, insertion is fixed on the lockhole 19 on storehouse, sliding door 16 is in closing and locking-in state, controller 18 openings are that pin rod 182 protracts, can be stirred action by the shifting block of suspension hook mechanism.

The pallet 2 of vehicle has that plane is rectangular rectangle, space is multi-face solid cone, pallet supporting body 21 spaces are multiaspect cone, being convenient to insertion mutually and minimizing takes up room highly and stacks, an each suspender member 23 and the first roller 23 installed in two ends that the interior side bar 22 of pallet 2 stretches out, it is moving that the first roller 23 can freely change trough roller in the vertical outer column 13 of storehouse and levelling bench end carriage 121 lead barrel, the outer side bar 25 of pallet 2 has at least two to care for groove 26, and every multi-storied garage has at least two pallets 2 to overlay on deposit platform 11.

Piler 3 comprises lifting gear 4, cares for device 5, suspension hook mechanism 6 and translating device 7, and power source 8 and electric control gear 9.Some parts of piler are fixed in the structure of storehouse 1, and a part that becomes piler supports.The power part of the each device of this first embodiment piler adopts oil cylinder form, so the power source 8 of this first embodiment piler 3 is Hydraulic Stations;

The lifting gear 4 of piler 3, comprise ground terminal install the outer mast 41 of translation tire, can be in outer mast column guide groove flexible inner upright mounting 42, the balladeur train 43 that can move up and down in inner upright mounting 42 column guide grooves and the first assembly pulley 45, the second assembly pulley 46 up and down; Outer mast 41 is mainly made up of outer mast column 411, outer mast top rail 412, outer mast lower transverse beam 413 and translation tire 414; Inner upright mounting 42 is mainly made up of inner upright mounting 42 columns 421, inner upright mounting top rail 422, inner upright mounting lower transverse beam 423 and inner upright mounting roller 424, and inner upright mounting roller 424 is scroll-up/down in outer mast column 411 grooves; Balladeur train 43 is mainly made up of balladeur train riser 431, balladeur train crossbeam 432 and balladeur train roller 433, and balladeur train roller 433 is scroll-up/down in inner upright mounting column 421 grooves; Two cover the first assembly pulleys 45, the second assembly pulley 46, lifting drive parts 47 respectively symmetry are arranged near inside and outside door frame stud.

As Figure 13, Figure 14, shown in Figure 15, piler 3 care for device 5 by caring for power part 51, connecting rod 52, and at least two cared for hook 53 and bearing pin 54 forms, caring for device 5 is arranged on balladeur train 43, care for power part 51 and comprise fixture 511 and movable part 512, fixture 511 is connected with balladeur train riser 432, movable part 512 is hinged with connecting rod 52, caring for hook 53 is hingedly mounted on by bearing pin 54 on the crossbeam 431 of balladeur train, care for hook 53 and be designed with Rocker arm 5 31, upper arm 532 and draw hook 533, care for the Rocker arm 5 31 and connecting rod 52 of hook 53 at least two, balladeur train crossbeam 432 forms parallel-crank mechanism, care for power part 51 and promote connecting rod 52, under parallel-crank mechanism effect, care for hook 533 at least two rotates simultaneously, make at least two upper arm 532 and draw hooks 533 of caring for hook go back to simultaneously or produce, realize and discharging or traction, the action of caring for groove 26 of the outer side bar 25 of hanging tray 2,

As Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10, shown in Figure 18, the suspension hook mechanism 6 of piler 3 comprises suspension hook 61, hook 62, the second roller 63, and shifting block 64, suspension hook the second roller 63 and pallet the first roller 24 shapes, measure-alike, upper and lower vertical scrolling in outer column 13 barrels is settled and be limited in to three the second rollers 63 that a line is installed up and down, shifting block 64 is arranged on above three the second rollers 63, and be greater than height of car apart from bottom roller distance, designing requirement is in the time that pallet the first roller 24 reaches platform both ends horizontal end carriage 121 notch, two suspension hooks 61 start to hook two suspender members 23 of side bar 22 in pallet, form the state of hanging in advance pallet 2, in the first roller 24 enters storehouse outer column 13 barrels time, the interior side bar 22 of pallet is hung, pallet can not decline, care at least two of device 5 hooks 53 and the outer side bar 25 of pallet 2 at least two cares for groove 26 and aims at simultaneously, reach at least two states of caring for groove and two suspender members and forming plane four-point suspension and live pallet.The effect of shifting block 64 is to stir to pass in and out the pin 182 that the sliding door on-off controller 18 of that landing stretches out forward, thereby when suspension hook mechanism 6 rises, opens sliding door 16, closes sliding door 16 when decline.

The first assembly pulley 45 of piler lifting gear 4 comprises the first pulley 451, the first wire rope 452, and first adjusting bolt 453 and the first connecting column 454, the first pulley 451 is arranged on inner upright mounting top rail 422 belows, first wire rope 452 one end and the first connecting column 454 of walking around the first pulley 451 are hinged, the first connecting column 454 is connected with balladeur train crossbeam 432, the other end and the first adjusting bolt 453 are hinged, the first adjusting bolt 453 is arranged on the outer mast top rail 412 in the first pulley 451 belows, regulate first height of adjusting bolt 453 capable of regulating draw hooks 533 and the tensile force of the first wire rope 452, the second assembly pulley 46 comprises the second pulley 461, the second wire rope 462, the first directive wheel 463, the second directive wheel 464, the 3rd directive wheel 465, and second adjusting bolt 466 and the second connecting column 467, the second pulley 461 is arranged on inside door top rail 422 belows, the first directive wheel 463 is fixed in the cantilever beams 71 of translating device 7, second leads with wheel 464, the 3rd leads the middle subordinate and the tip position that are arranged on respectively storehouse outer column 13 outsides with wheel 465, walk around the second pulley 461, first, second, the 3rd directive wheel 463, 464, 475 second wire rope 462 one end and the second connecting column hinged 467, the second connecting column 467 is connected with hook 62, the other end and the second adjusting bolt 466 are hinged, the second adjusting bolt 466 is arranged on the outer mast top rail 412 in the second pulley 461 belows, regulate second height of adjusting bolt 466 capable of regulating suspension hooks 61 and the tensile force of the second wire rope 462.

The lifting drive parts 47 of lifting gear 4 comprise the lifting movable part 472 that the lifting thrust piece 471 that is arranged on outer mast 41 is connected with inner upright mounting 42, under 47 effects of lifting drive parts, promote inner upright mounting 24 liftings by lifting movable part 472, simultaneously respectively through the first assembly pulley 45, the second assembly pulley 46 transmits, make to be arranged on and care for suspension hook 61 in hook 53 and two suspension hook mechanisms 6 with the identical speed lifting that is twice in inner upright mounting 42 rising or falling speeds on balladeur train 43, realize vehicle with pallet 2 horizontal lifting motions, hydraulic jack lifting drive parts, decline and mainly decline by deadweight,

The translating device 7 of piler 3 is made up of two cover cantilever beams 71, translation track 72, translation roller 73, upper translation power part 74, lower translation power part 75 and the 3rd assembly pulley 76, in the middle of cantilever beams 71 plates, there is horizontal concrete chute, cantilever beams 71 one end and vertical connection of outer mast top rail 412 side direction, cantilever beams 71 other end cantilevers, translation roller 73 is housed, translation roller 73 is placed on the interior rolling of translation track 72, and translation track 72 levels are arranged on medium position outside storehouse two ends, upper member of translational 74 is made up of upper translational thrust part 741 and upper translation movable part 742, and upper translational thrust part 741 fills in cantilever beams 71, and upper translation movable part 742 ends are connected with storehouse rear column 14 outsides, middle part, lower translation power part 75 is contained in and in storehouse, approaches ground place, lower member of translational 75 is made up of lower translational thrust part 751 and upper translation movable part 752, lower translational thrust part 751 is connected with the outer mast lower transverse beam 413 of lifting gear, and lower translation movable part 752 ends are connected with underbeam after storehouse 15, the 3rd assembly pulley 76 comprises the first movable pulley 761, coaster 762, the second movable pulley 763, the 3rd wire rope 764 and the 3rd adjusting bolt 765 and the 3rd connecting column 766, as shown in figure 12, the first movable pulley 761, the second movable pulley 763 is arranged on coaster 762, coaster 762 is installed in the horizontal concrete chute in cantilever beams 71, the first movable pulley 761, the second movable pulley 763 can horizontally slip with coaster 762 in cantilever beams 71 chutes, the first movable pulley 761 is enclosed within first of the second assembly pulley 46, the second directive wheel 463, on the second wire rope 462 between 464, the second movable pulley 763 is walked around by the 3rd wire rope 764, the 3rd wire rope 764 one end and the 3rd connecting column 766 are hinged, the cantilever end level connection joint of the 3rd connecting column 766 and cantilever horizontal stroke 71, the other end and the 3rd adjusting bolt 765 are hinged, level connection joint outside the 3rd adjusting bolt 765 and storehouse rear column 14 middle parts, the 3rd adjusting bolt 765 can be adjusted the tensile force of the 3rd wire rope 764, upper, lower translation power part 74, under 75 synchronous effects, the level of synchronization rolling on ground and translation track 72 respectively of the translation roller 73 of land translation tire 413 and the translating device 7 of outer mast 41, realizing piler 3 moves horizontally, the horizontal range of piler 3 relative storehouses 1 is changed, the now horizontal range between the first directive wheel 463 and the second directive wheel 464, the second wire rope 462 horizontal section lengths change, because translating device 7 cantilever horizontal strokes 71 move simultaneously, the 3rd connecting column 766 of its cantilever end is connecting the 3rd wire rope 764, and draw the second movable pulley 763 and relatively move, the first movable pulley 761 is horizontally slipped with the relative cantilever horizontal stroke 71 of coaster 762, the displacement of the first movable pulley 761 relative cantilever horizontal strokes 71, can compensate the second wire rope 462 horizontal section lengths and move the variable quantity occurring because of piler 3, thereby make the height and position of the suspension hook mechanism 6 that the second wire rope 462 connects, because moving horizontally, piler 3 not there is not upper-lower position variation, while realizing piler 3 translation, pallet 2 remains that level follows piler translation together.

Piler 3 also comprises power source 8 and electric control gear 9.

In this first embodiment, the power part 47,51,74 and 75 of piler 3 each devices all adopts oil cylinder, the power source 8 using is Hydraulic Station, this Hydraulic Station can be arranged on piler lifting gear outer mast lower transverse beam 413, Hydraulic Station can adopt hard oil pipe to be connected with thrust piece 471,741,751 cylinder tubes of each power part, need to adopt consistent lubricant pipe to be connected with thrust piece 511 cylinder tubes.

In present embodiment, the electric control gear 9 of piler 3 adopts straighforward operation, electric control gear 9 is mainly made up of remote controller 91, two cover control cabinets 92 and alarm light 93, two cover control cabinets 92 are arranged on respectively medium position outside storehouse 1 two ends, vehicle can be two-way into and out of garage control, two cover alarm lights 93 are arranged on respectively on piler 3 limits, two ends, in the time of vehicles while passing storehouse, to runway and the two-way warning of periphery; Remote controller 91 is held by driver; The operation of employing remote controller, when vehicle enters storehouse or outbound, does not need driver to get off to operate piler 3 and moves, and can operate and control piler work onboard or away from traveling lane; Start after remote controller 91, alarm light lights, and warning is passed through, avoided causing danger into and out of not having personnel to stop with vehicle in library work area.In addition, this electric control gear 9 can also have power switch and emergency stop switch, to use as Switching Power Supply and emergency shutdown.

The multi-storied garage original state of present embodiment is: the piler 3 lap positions of place's storehouse 1, in storehouse deposit platform 11, at least stack two empty pallets 2, the lifting gear 4 of piler, care for device 5 and suspension hook mechanism 6 all in position, the end, caring for hook 53 and translating device 7 is retracted position.Each landing sliding door controller 18 inserts storehouse lockhole 19 as normally off to stretch after pin rod 182, and each landing sliding door is in locking-in state,

The course of work of the multi-storied garage of present embodiment is as follows:

Need to stop into storehouse time: on trade, the up Vehicle Driving Cycle of sailing reaches before warehouse compartment is put and stops, driver operation remote controller 91 first step shift knobs, first caring for movable part 752 stretches out, promotion is cared for hook 53 and is produced, draw storehouse 1 deposit platform 11 places bottom pallet 2 care for groove 26, need the controller 18 of the sliding door 16 of the landing 12 of storage of cars to open, pin rod 182 protracts simultaneously, prepares to be stirred action by the shifting block 64 of suspension hook mechanism 6.Secondly upper and lower translation movable part 741,751 stretches out, piler 3 draws pallet 2 and deposits in platform 11 from storehouse 1, near leading and release on ground, pallet supporting body 21 planar movements are to the trade in vehicle dead ahead, now pallet the first roller 24 enters in storehouse outer column 13 barrels, and two suspension hooks 61 complete the suspender member 23 of hanging pallet two ends, driver driving vehicle is opened top tray 2 and is stopped, and leaves vehicle, remote controller 91 second step shift knobs, first the lifting movable part 472 of lifting gear 3 stretches out, first, the second assembly pulley 45, under 46 effect, inner upright mounting roller 424 is in outer mast column 411 grooves, balladeur train roller 433 is in inner upright mounting column 421 grooves, and suspension hook the second roller 63 scrolls up in outer column 13 barrels, at this moment caring at least two upper arms 532 of device 5 and two suspension hooks 61 hangs respectively at least two of pallet 2 both sides side bars and cares for groove 26 and two suspender members 23, formation plane four-point suspension is lived pallet 2 and is synchronously moved upward, shifting block 64 is first stirred controller 18 pin rod 182 that protracts and is driven sliding door 16 to rise, then vehicle rises to and needs the landing of storage of cars 12 positions to stop with pallet 2, pallet the first roller 24 is positioned at this landing both ends horizontal guiding end carriage 121 notch places, secondly upper and lower translation movable part 741,751 is retracted, inside and outside piler door frame translation is regained, pallet 2 together with vehicle along landing both ends horizontal end carriage 121 grooves, pushed and plugged on this landing of storehouse, complete the action that vehicle enters high-rise position, garage, now piler 3 is retracted into initial position, no longer takies carriage way, then care for movable part 512 and retract, care for hook 53 and go back to, draw hook 533 departs from support tray hanging hook groove 26 and discharges pallet 2, and pallet 2 and vehicle independently place on landing 12, lifting movable part 472 is retracted, sliding door 16 drops to completely and closes with shifting block 64, care for hook 53 and suspension hook 61 and continue to drop to initial position of the end, after these landing sliding door controller 18 pin rods 182, stretch and insert storehouse lockhole 19, landing sliding door is in locking-in state, the original state that garage recovers.

Because depositing, platform 11 aspect ratios are lower, suspension hook mechanism 6 upward strokes can not be opened the sliding door 16 of first floor landing completely, therefore adopt the mode that increases assembly pulley, amplify sliding door 16 climbs, as shown in figure 18, times stroke amplifying mechanism of the sliding door 16 secondary pulley prescription formulas of first floor landing 12, times stroke amplifying mechanism 20 is by the first order, second level assembly pulley 201, 202 and three directive wheels 203, drag-line 204 and limited block 205, additional controller 206 forms, in the time that first floor landing 12 need to park cars, controller 206 pin rod that protracts will insert additional allocating slot 65 on suspension hook mechanism 6 hooks, for sidewalk formula multi-storied garage, do not need to increase this enlarger.

Need to pick up the car outbound time: driver operation remote controller 91 first step shift knobs, first need the controller 18 of the sliding door 16 of the landing 12 of outbound vehicle to open, pin rod 182 protracts, prepare to be stirred action by the shifting block 64 of suspension hook mechanism 6, the lifting movable part 472 of piler 3 stretches out simultaneously, first, the second assembly pulley 45, under 46 effects, inner upright mounting roller 424 is in outer mast column 411 grooves, balladeur train roller 433 is in inner upright mounting column 421 grooves, and suspension hook the second roller 63 scrolls up in outer column 13 barrels, at this moment caring at least two of device 5 cares for hook 53 and two suspension hooks 61 and synchronously rises to and need the landing of outbound vehicle position to stop, care for hook 53 just in time facing to the pocket for the punch head 26 of pallet 2 below this vehicle, two suspension hooks 61 are just in time aimed at two suspender members 23 of this pallet 2, next is cared for movable part 512 and promotes connecting rod 52, under parallel-crank mechanism effect, caring for hook 53 at least two produces, link up with the pocket for the punch head 26 of this pallet 2, then go up, lower translation movable part 741, 751 stretch out, by piler 3, go out landing 12 together with the vehicle of parking on pallet 2 and pallet tractive from storehouse 1, now pallet suspender member 23 enters in suspension hook 61, pallet the first roller 24 enters in vertical storehouse 1 outer column 13 barrels along landing 12 both ends horizontal end carriage 121 barrels, at least two upper arms 532 and two suspension hooks 61 form plane four-point suspension and live pallet 2, then lifting movable part 472 is retracted, upper arm 532, suspension hook 61 synchronously decline, drive pallet 2 and vehicle to drop on driving road surface, the end, stretch simultaneously and insert storehouse lockhole 19 after these landing sliding door controller 18 pin rods 182, landing sliding door is in locking-in state, driver gets on the bus, and steering vehicle leaves pallet 2, driver's backward operation remote controller 91 second step shift knobs, and first, second translation movable part of piler 741,751 is retracted, and piler 1 and empty pallet 2 are pushed back, and pallet 2 is inserted in deposit platform 11 position, the end, piler 3 is returned, no longer takies carriage way, finally care for movable part 512 and retract, care for hook 53 and go back to, draw hook 533 departs from support tray hanging hook groove 26, discharges pallet 2, and piler 3 returns to original state.

Multi-storied garage of the present invention, the power part of its piler lifting gear also can adopt motor hoist engine mode, translating device, when caring for device power part and also can adopting the mechanism form such as rack-and-pinion, sprocket wheel chain, power source is motor power case; The electric control gear of multi-storied garage of the present invention also can adopt by IC-card or press button control cabinet.

As shown in figure 20, it,, for a kind of application scenario of the present invention, installs multi-storied garage 10 between Ji community two lane highways 101 both sides two greening-trees 102, does not affect the pedestrian's walking on sidewalk 103.If while tree, multi-storied garage of the present invention can be installed continuously.

As shown in 21, it is a kind of application scenario of the second embodiment of the present invention, two lane highways 101 other people trades 103 in Ji community are narrow, sidewalk formula multi-storied garage 10 can be directly installed on sidewalk 103, do not increase as spatial altitude by the multi-storied garage 10 one deck landing above platform of depositing, change into can walker sidewalk 103, platform surface 104 is made the ground form that anti-skidding sidewalk requires, storehouse outer column 13 inner sides increase safty shield 104 and the protective guard 105 of anti-pinch, become sidewalk formula multi-storied garage.

As shown in 22, it is the another kind of application scenario of the 3rd embodiment of the present invention, with building construction 100 combination designs, house 100 is other is into and out of track, storehouse 101, and raise a bit on first floor ground, house 106, makes deposit platform below, second, third layer 107,108 flank walls of house are opened, often change one deck or two layers of landing into, vehicle can be stored in house, become building formula multi-storied garage.

A kind of application operating method of multi-storied garage, when vehicle entering garage, comprise the steps: a) on carriage way, Vehicle Driving Cycle reaches before warehouse compartment is put and stops, remote controller first step shift knob, by caring for device, make to care for hook and produce, hold the bottom pallet at storehouse deposit platform place; B) under the effect of translating device, piler is shifted out, care for device simultaneously bottom pallet is led and released from storehouse storage platform, this pallet supporting body moves on the travel in vehicle dead ahead; C) steering vehicle upper this tray body that travels, stops and driver personnel leave vehicle, and remote controller second step shift knob, needs the controller of the landing sliding door of storage of cars to open, and pin rod protracts, and prepares to be stirred by suspension hook mechanism shifting block; D) pass through lifting power plant, under first, second assembly pulley effect, two hook member of groove hung respectively at least two of pallet two side bars and care for by least two upper arms and two suspension hooks, formation plane four-point suspension is lived pallet and is synchronously risen, make vehicle rise to and need the high-order landing of storage of cars position to stop with pallet, e) start for the second time flat mobile device, piler is retracted, now pallet is pushed and plugged to the high-order landing into storehouse together with vehicle, the action that completes vehicle and enter high-rise position, garage.Piler is return the initial position of storehouse, no longer takies carriage way; F) care for device and pull and care for hook and go back to, depart from and discharge pallet, pallet and vehicle independently place on landing; G) lifting power plant declines, care for hook and suspension hook and drop to initial position of the end, stretch simultaneously and insert storehouse lockhole after this landing sliding door controller pin rod, landing sliding door is in locking-in state, the original state that piler recovers, completes car stowage.

If need again storage of cars, repeat above-mentioned a) to g) action, wherein a, b) be the first automatically controlled program continuous action, d---g) be the second automatically controlled program continuous action.

When vehicle outbound, comprise the steps: h) vehicle drivers remote controller first step shift knob, need the controller of the landing sliding door of outbound vehicle to open, pin rod protracts, prepare to be stirred by suspension hook mechanism shifting block, pass through lifting gear simultaneously, under first, second assembly pulley effect, caring for hook and two suspension hooks at least two synchronously rises to and needs the landing of outbound vehicle position to stop, and care for hook facing to support tray hanging hook groove, suspension hook is in just in time aiming at two suspender members of this landing top tray; I) produce by the hook of caring for of caring for device, hook the pocket for the punch head that needs outbound vehicle lower tray; J) under the effect of translating device, care for device by piler, by pallet and need the vehicle of outbound to go out landing from the translation of storehouse tractive, now pallet roller enters from horizontal storehouse end carriage barrel the outer column barrel that storehouse is vertical, and pallet suspender member enters in the suspension hook of piler; At least two upper arms and two suspension hooks form plane four-point suspension and live pallet; K) lifting gear declines, under first, second assembly pulley effect, care for hook, suspension hook synchronously declines, by pallet with need the vehicle of outbound to drop on driving road surface, after this landing sliding door controller pin rod, stretch simultaneously and insert storehouse lockhole, landing sliding door is in locking-in state; 1) driver gets on the bus, and steering vehicle leaves pallet, driver's backward operation remote controller second step shift knob; M) translating device is retracted, and piler and pallet are pushed back, and this pallet inserts position, the end of the platform of depositing, and piler is return initial position, no longer takies carriage way; N) care for power part and retract, care for hook and go back to, draw hook departs from and discharges pallet, and garage returns to original state.

If there is again vehicle outbound, repeat above-mentioned h---n) action, wherein h---k) be the first automatically controlled program continuous action, m, n) be the second automatically controlled program continuous action.

This multi-storied garage can be arranged between two trees on sidewalk, and neither road occupying, does not affect again greening; If do not have trees can put continuously this multi-storied garage, increase automobile parking amount; As narrow in sidewalk, can put continuously sidewalk formula multi-storied garage.

Above content is in conjunction with concrete preferred embodiment further description made for the present invention, can not assert that specific embodiment of the invention is confined to these explanations.For general technical staff of the technical field of the invention, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some simple deduction or replace, all should be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a multi-storied garage, it is characterized in that: comprise storehouse, pallet and piler, storehouse has the landing that at least stacks the bottom deposit platform of two empty pallets and short transverse and at least have two separations, two outer columns of storehouse and the identical gathering sill tube shape in each platform both ends horizontal end carriage cross section measure-alike, the inwardly identical and vertical junction of gathering sill opening direction gathering sill smoothly communicates, suspender member and the first roller are respectively installed in pallet one side bar two ends, another side bar at least has two grooves of caring for that are pulled and hold in the palm extension, piler has lifting gear, care for device, suspension hook mechanism, translating device and power source and electric control gear, piler is by caring for groove and suspender member on traction and hanging tray, pallet is involved, lifting and insertion, and in storehouse outer column and each platform two ends end carriage guiding barrel, be directed to rolling because of pallet the first roller, realize pallet in the position conversion of travelling between the each platform of road surface and storehouse.
2. multi-storied garage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: pallet has that plane is rectangular rectangle, space is multi-face solid cone, makes pallet mutually insert and stack.
3. multi-storied garage according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: piler by lifting gear, care for device, suspension hook mechanism, translating device and power source and electric control gear forms; Some parts of piler device are fixed in the frame construction of storehouse, and a part that becomes piler supports; Piler lifting gear, comprise ground terminal the outer mast of translation tire is installed, in outer mast column guide groove flexible inner upright mounting, each two covers of the balladeur train moving up and down in inner upright mounting column guide groove and lifting drive parts, first, second assembly pulley and suspension hook mechanism up and down, two covers fall power part, the first assembly pulley, the second assembly pulley respectively symmetry be arranged on inside and outside door frame end positions; Suspension hook mechanism the second roller is installed in storehouse outer column groove, the first assembly pulley of piler lifting gear comprises the first pulley, the first wire rope and the first adjusting bolt and the first connecting column, the first pulley is arranged on inner upright mounting top rail below, walk around the first connecting column that first wire rope one end of the first pulley is connected with balladeur train hinged, the other end is with that the first adjusting bolt on outer mast top rail is installed is hinged; The second assembly pulley comprises the second pulley, the second wire rope, first, second, third directive wheel and the second adjusting bolt and the second connecting column, the second pulley is arranged on inside door top rail below, the first directive wheel is arranged on outer mast top rail, second, third directive wheel is arranged on respectively middle part and the tip position in storehouse outer column outside, walk around the second connecting column that second wire rope one end of the second pulley, first, second, third directive wheel is connected with suspension hook mechanism hinged, the other end is with that the second adjusting bolt on outer mast top rail is installed is hinged; The lifting drive parts of lifting gear comprise the lifting movable part that the lifting thrust piece that is arranged on outer mast is connected with inner upright mounting, under the effect of lifting drive parts, promote inner upright mounting lifting by lifting movable part, simultaneously respectively through first, the second assembly pulley transmits force and motion, makes to be arranged on to care for hook and two suspension hook mechanisms with the identical speed lifting that is twice in inner upright mounting rising or falling speed on balladeur train.
4. multi-storied garage according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: piler is cared for device by caring for power part, connecting rod and at least two care for hook composition, care on the balladeur train that device is arranged on lifting gear, caring for fixture and the balladeur train of power part fixes, movable part and rod hinge connection, caring for hook is arranged on by bearing pin on the crossbeam of balladeur train, care for hook and be designed with rocking arm, upper arm and draw hook, care for rocking arm and the connecting rod of hook at least two, balladeur train crossbeam composition parallel-crank mechanism, care for power part and promote connecting rod, under parallel-crank mechanism effect, care for hook at least two rotates simultaneously, make upper arm and the draw hook realization of caring for hook go back to or produce action.
5. multi-storied garage according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: piler suspension hook mechanism is by suspension hook, hook, the second roller and shifting block composition, every suspension hook has three the second rollers, upper next line is arranged on hook, the upper and lower vertical scrolling of energy in storehouse outer column barrel is settled and be limited in to the second roller, require in the time that pallet the first roller reaches platform both ends horizontal end carriage mouth, two suspension hooks start to hook two suspender members of side bar after pallet, form the state of hanging in advance pallet, in the first roller enters storehouse outer column barrel time, oneself is hung the interior side bar of pallet, can not decline, the effect of shifting block is by stirring the flexible pin rod of sliding door controller, reach opening and closing sliding door.
6. multi-storied garage according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: piler translating device is by two cover cantilever beams, translation track, translation roller, upper translation power part, lower translation power part and the 3rd assembly pulley composition, in the middle of cantilever beams, have horizontal concrete chute, one end of cantilever beams and vertical connection of outer mast top rail side direction, cantilever beams other end cantilever, and translation roller is installed, translation roller is placed on horizontal rolling in translation track, translation track level is arranged on medium position outside storehouse two ends, upper member of translational is made up of upper translational thrust part and upper translation movable part, upper translational thrust part is installed in cantilever beams, upper translation movable part end is connected with the outer middle side part of storehouse rear column, lower translation power part is installed in storehouse and is approached ground place, lower member of translational is made up of lower translational thrust part and lower translation movable part, lower translational thrust is connected with the outer mast lower transverse beam of lifting gear, lower translation movable part end is connected with underbeam after storehouse, the 3rd assembly pulley comprises the first movable pulley, coaster, the second movable pulley, the 3rd wire rope and the 3rd adjusting bolt and the 3rd connecting column, the first movable pulley, the second movable pulley is arranged on coaster, coaster is installed in the horizontal concrete chute in cantilever beams, the first movable pulley, the second movable pulley can horizontally slip with coaster in cantilever beams chute, the first movable pulley is enclosed within first of the second assembly pulley, on the second wire rope between the second directive wheel, the second movable pulley is walked around by the 3rd wire rope, the 3rd wire rope one end and the 3rd connecting column are hinged, the cantilever end level connection joint of the 3rd connecting column and cantilever beams, the other end and the 3rd adjusting bolt are hinged, the 3rd adjusting bolt and outside, storehouse rear column middle part level connection joint.
7. multi-storied garage according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: above storehouse deposit platform, first floor landing spatial altitude is increased, change the sidewalk of walker into, platform surface is made the ground form that anti-skidding sidewalk requires, storehouse outer column inner side increases safty shield and the protective guard of anti-pinch, becomes sidewalk formula multi-storied garage.
8. multi-storied garage according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: be combined design with building construction, raise on first floor ground, house, lower room is made deposit platform, wall side, second, third layer, house should be opened, every layer changes one deck or two layers of landing into, makes car stowage in house, becomes building formula multi-storied garage.
9. the method for operating of a multi-storied garage, it is characterized in that: when vehicle entering garage, comprise the steps: that a) remote controller is entered library button for the first time, piler translation, the bottom pallet that holds storehouse deposit platform place, moves on the travel in vehicle dead ahead pallet supporting body; B) Vehicle Driving Cycle top tray, driver is stopped and is got off, leave vehicle, remote controller is entered library button for the second time, and piler rises, the landing sliding door of preparing storage of cars is opened, pallet and vehicle raise simultaneously, then piler is return storehouse initial position, also pallet is pushed and plugged into this landing together with vehicle, c) cares for device and pulls and care for hook and go back to, depart from and discharge pallet, pallet and vehicle independently place on landing; D) piler declines, and cares for hook and suspension hook and drops to initial position of the end, and the sliding door of landing is closed and pinned, and the original state that garage recovers, completes car stowage; When vehicle outbound, comprise the steps: that e) remote controller goes out library button for the first time, piler rises, and the landing sliding door of preparing storage of cars is opened, synchronously risen to and need the landing of outbound vehicle position simultaneously by caring for hook and suspension hook; F) care for hook and produce, hook the pocket for the punch head that needs outbound vehicle lower tray, then piler translation, shifts out landing by pallet and vehicle from storehouse; G) lifting gear declines, and pallet and the vehicle that needs outbound are dropped on driving road surface, and landing sliding door decline is simultaneously closed; H) driver gets on the bus, and steering vehicle leaves pallet, and remote controller goes out library button for the second time, and initial position is return in piler translation, and pallet is pushed and plugged into position, the end of deposit platform, cares for hook to go back to, and departs from and discharges pallet, and garage returns to original state.
CN201010623381.0A 2010-11-29 2010-12-27 Stereo garage and application operating method thereof CN102477808B (en)

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PCT/CN2011/083134 WO2012072025A1 (en) 2010-11-29 2011-11-29 Three-dimensional garage and method of operation thereof

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CN103492650A (en) 2014-01-01

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