CN102473402A - Guitar - Google Patents

Guitar Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102473402A
CN102473402A CN2010800277870A CN201080027787A CN102473402A CN 102473402 A CN102473402 A CN 102473402A CN 2010800277870 A CN2010800277870 A CN 2010800277870A CN 201080027787 A CN201080027787 A CN 201080027787A CN 102473402 A CN102473402 A CN 102473402A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
string
fixture
panel
guitar
qin
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010800277870A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
片山一朗
Original Assignee
片山一朗
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2009158393A priority Critical patent/JP2011013516A/en
Priority to JP2009-158393 priority
Application filed by 片山一朗 filed Critical 片山一朗
Priority to PCT/JP2010/060939 priority patent/WO2011001923A1/en
Publication of CN102473402A publication Critical patent/CN102473402A/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D3/00Details of, or accessories for, stringed musical instruments, e.g. slide-bars
    • G10D3/12Anchoring devices for strings, e.g. tail pieces or hitchpins

Abstract

Disclosed is a guitar wherein the body is not susceptible to being deformed even if the strings are stretched. Specifically disclosed is a guitar (100) which is provided with a body (10) in the shape of a cavity, which resonates sound, and a string-end fixture (42) which is arranged on the back side of a front board (11) of the body (10) and which fixes the ends of strings (70), wherein the string-end fixture (42) is provided with a locking section which locks the ends of the strings (70), and the locking section is arranged at a position apart from the back surface of the front board (11) of the body (10). Incidentally, the string-end fixture (42) may be directly attached to the back side of the front board (11) of the body (10), or may be attached to bracing (12) which is provided on the back side of the front board (11) so as to brace the front board (11).

Description

Guitar

Technical field

The present invention relates to guitar, relate in particular to the acoustics (Japanese: guitar ア コ one ス テ イ Star Network) of the qin body of empty shape with the resonance of the voice that is used for making string.

Background technology

As guitar, have various, wherein; As shown in Figure 7; A kind of like this guitar 1 is arranged, and it has the qin body 10 of the empty shape of the resonance of the voice that is used for making string 70, from the outstanding neck 20 of qin body 10 be arranged on the scroll head 30 on the top of neck 20, and such guitar 1 is known as acoustic guitars.

And, so existing guitar 1, on a distolateral qin bridge 40 that is fixed on qin body 10 of string 70, another distolateral circle of string 70 on the tuning pin 31 of scroll head 30.At this, be described in detail in the fixing of 40 pairs of strings 70 of qin bridge hereinafter.

As shown in Figure 8, qin bridge 40 is secured at the face side of the panel 11 of qin body 10.And, in the position corresponding of the rear side of panel 11, pasting stiffening plate 41 with qin bridge 40.And, on qin bridge 40, panel 11 and stiffening plate 41, be provided with the through hole 40a, 11a, the 41a that are used for inserting logical string 70 respectively.

On the other hand; In one of string 70 distolateral termination; The end piece 71 of round, spherical, bullet shaped etc. is installed usually, through inserting the end piece 71 of string 70 each through hole 40a, 11a, the 41a of qin bridge 40, panel 11 and stiffening plate 41, and is installed in pin 60 on the qin bridge 41; Thereby the rear side of end piece 71 fastenings, thus with distolateral fix of qin bridge 40 with string 70 at stiffening plate 41.

In addition, in Fig. 8, represented each through hole 40a at qin bridge 40 and stiffening plate 41, the example of dodging groove that 41a is provided with string 70, still, be provided with at employed pin 60 under the situation of dodging groove of string 70, such groove of dodging then need be set.

Summary of the invention

The problem that invention will solve

Through above-mentioned structure a distolateral existing guitar that is fixed in the qin bridge of string in, when the string tensioning, the tension force of string can be to the panel stress application of qin body.Specifically, on stiffening plate, the tension force of string (with reference to the arrow A of Fig. 6) is stretched stiffening plate to the actual end piece that winds up by fastening, and stiffening plate is used from the rear side counter plate and pushed away stress.

Therefore, in the existing guitar, when the string tensioning, the part protuberance can take place in panel sometimes.Especially, therefore the stress that pushes away on applying panel in part around the through hole of panel, deform around the through hole of panel easily.Yet the shape of the qin body of guitar is that the wright makes great efforts for the tone color of sending to set for, even if the shape of qin body is out of shape slightly, also can't send the desired tone color of wright sometimes.Cause the qin body deformability when therefore, not hoping the string tensioning.

The present invention proposes in view of above-mentioned actual conditions, also is difficult to the guitar that is out of shape even if purpose provides a kind of string tensioning qin body.

With the means that solve problem

In order to solve above-mentioned problem, the main means that the present invention adopted do,

" a kind of guitar, said guitar is provided with: be used for making qin body and the string end fixture that the rear side that is provided in the panel of this qin body is used for fixing the termination of string of the empty shape of resonance of the voice, it is characterized in that:

Said string end fixture is provided with the fastening portion of termination of fastening string of being used for,

This fastening portion is provided in the position of leaving from the back side of the panel of said qin body ".

In the guitar of said structure; The fastening portion of fastening is carried out in the termination to string of string end fixture; The position of promptly in fact the termination of string being fixed is set at the position of leaving from the back side of the panel of qin body, therefore; Even if the stress that tension force produced of string is applied in the fastening portion, this stress can be applied on the panel of qin body by the part yet.Promptly; Be directly installed under the situation on the panel at string end fixture; Be dispersed to contacted whole of string end fixture and panel from the stress of fastening portion; Be installed in the occasion on the panel at string end fixture indirectly across clamping thing, be dispersed to from the stress of fastening portion and clamp contacted whole of thing and panel.Therefore, can as existing guitar, around the through hole of panel, not apply local stress, even if become the guitar that the string tensioning also is difficult to make the qin body deformability.

In above-mentioned means, be preferably,

" being characterized as of guitar is provided with the stay that the rear side that is set at said panel is strengthened this panel,

Said string end fixture is installed on the said stay ".

In the guitar of said structure, when the string tensioning, string end fixture is pulled, and string end fixture is installed on the stay, and this stay is used for counter plate and strengthens.Therefore, even string carries out tractive to string end fixture, the stress of said tractive can not be applied on the panel partly yet, is applied on the panel dispersedly and make through stay.Therefore, become the qin body and be difficult to the guitar that is out of shape more.

In the above-mentioned means, be preferably,

" being characterized as of guitar, said string end fixture have a pair of shank that is fixed on the said panel and

Set up portion, the said portion of setting up has the slotting logical portion that is used for inserting the termination that leads to string, be erected between said a pair of shank,

Said fastening portion is made up of slit, and said slit is to insert the mode that logical portion is communicated with and be located at said shank with said ".

The guitar of said structure, the form of its string end fixture specifically are defined as the form that has a pair of shank and be erected at the portion that sets up on each shank.In other words, the form of string end fixture is that the cross section is the コ font.Therefore, can realize fastening portion is provided in the string end fixture of position separately with simple structure.

In said mechanism, be preferably,

" guitar is characterised in that said string end fixture has rib and supporting plate,

Said rib is a plurality of, is stood the back side that is located at said panel, between each said rib, inserts the termination of logical string;

Said supporting plate is erected on this each rib,

Said fastening portion is made up of the slit that is set on the said supporting plate ".

The guitar of said structure specifically is defined as the form of string end fixture the form that has a plurality of ribs and be erected at the supporting plate on each rib.Such string end fixture forms resonant tank through rib and supporting plate.Therefore, be provided with the guitar of such string end fixture, become the guitar that has small-sized resonant tank in qin body inside, can by the sympathetic response of qin body tone color rise to better tone color.

The invention effect

As stated, according to the present invention, even can provide string tensioning qin body also to be difficult to the guitar that is out of shape.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the front view (FV) of an embodiment of the guitar that the present invention relates to of expression.

Fig. 2 is the longitudinal section of the qin bridge portion of guitar shown in Figure 1.

Fig. 3 be expression string end fixture another example want portion's longitudinal section.

Fig. 4 is another routine figure of expression string end fixture, is the observed back view of rear side from the panel of qin body.

Fig. 5 is another routine figure of expression string end fixture, is the observed stereographic map of rear side from the panel of qin body.

Fig. 6 is another routine figure of expression string end fixture, is the observed stereographic map of rear side from the panel of qin body.

Fig. 7 is the front view (FV) of the existing guitar of expression.

Fig. 8 is the longitudinal section of the qin bridge portion of expression guitar shown in Figure 5.

Embodiment

Below specify a example with accompanying drawing as the embodiment of the guitar that the present invention relates to.

One example of the guitar 100 that Fig. 1 representes to the present invention relates to.

This guitar 100 has string 70, make string 70 resonance of the voice empty shape qin body 10, from the outstanding neck 20 of qin body 10 be arranged on the scroll head 30 of the termination of neck 20; Be fixed on the distolateral of string 70 to the qin bridge 40 of qin body 10; Another distolateral circle of string 70 on the tuning pin 31 of scroll head 30; In appearance, identical with existing guitar 1.In the drawings, for adopting identical Reference numeral with existing guitar 1 identical structure.

In addition, in this routine guitar 100, with general existing guitar 1 likewise, pasted the stay 12 that counter plate 11 is strengthened in the rear side of the panel 11 of qin body 10.In this example, represented the stay 12 of X-shaped, but the shape of stay 12 is not limited thereto, also can suitably be set at H shape, clathrate etc.

This routine guitar 100 is that the fixed sturcture of this string termination is below explained at the fixed sturcture of qin bridge 40 in the string termination with existing guitar 1 difference.

As shown in Figure 2, on the panel 11 of qin body 10, be equipped with qin bridge 40, side is equipped with string end fixture 42 overleaf in face side.The qin bridge 40 of face side that is provided in panel 11 is so that two end portions and stay 12 overlapping modes dispose (with reference to Fig. 1), and, be secured at the surface of panel 11.String end fixture 42 is and is formed tabularly with qin bridge 40 roughly the same profiles, in the rear side of panel 11 stay 12 is installed.More particularly, the two end portions of string end fixture 42 is secured on the stay 12.

In the occasion of fixing by the termination of such 42 pairs of strings 70 of string end fixture; Insert the end piece 71 of string 70 each through hole 40a, 11a, the 42a of qin bridge 40, panel 11 and string end fixture 42; With existing guitar 1 identical ground mount pin 60, thereby can be fixed in string end fixture 42 to the end piece 71 of string 70.

At this; The end piece 71 of string 70 is fixed in string end fixture 42 by the termination fastening of the pin 60 that the through hole 42a from string end fixture 42 stretches out on every side at through hole 42a; Therefore, can be interpreted as the fastening portion that the termination of string 70 is carried out fastening to the through hole 42a of string end fixture 42.And in this routine guitar 100, string end fixture 42 is adapted to the state that floats from the back side of panel 11 across stay 12, and fastening portion (through hole 42a) is provided in the position of leaving from the back side of panel 11.Therefore, even if the tension force of string 70 is applied on the through hole 42a (fastening portion) of string end fixture 42, can be around the through hole 11a of panel 11 yet stress application partly, and become the guitar that qin body 10 is difficult to be out of shape.

In this routine guitar 100, string end fixture 42 is not directly installed on the back side of panel 11, and is mounted on the stay 12, compares with existing guitar 1, and the mounting hole of pin 60 is correspondingly deep.Therefore; In the too short occasion of the pin of existing guitar 1 60; As long as such shown in the double dot dash line of Fig. 2, be pin 60 that string end fixture 42 sides are installed, got final product end piece 71 fastenings of string 70 at the through hole 42a of string end fixture 42 by the head of this pin 60 from the rear side of panel 11.

In addition, can be as shown in Figure 3, in the through hole 42a of string end fixture 42; In neck 20 sides slit 42b is set; Perhaps, although diagram is omitted, the hook portion of end piece 71 of hook string 70 of being used for can be set near the through hole 42a of string end fixture 42 also; Thereby can be slit 42b or hook portion as fastening portion, by this fastening portion end piece 71 fastenings of string 70 at string end fixture 42.Thus, do not adopt pin 60 just can be fixed on the termination of string 70 on the qin bridge 40.

In addition, under 70 states that are located on the guitar 100 of string, become qin bridge 40 by the state of string 70 with panel 11 clampings.Therefore, need not be securely fixed in qin bridge 40 on the panel 11, and in the existing guitar 1, must be on qin bridge 40 mount pin 60, therefore to be securely fixed in qin bridge 40 on the panel 11, to it be sticked on the panel 11 undoubtedly.

To this, according to above-mentioned that kind need not sell 60 structure, just need not fixedly secure qin bridge 40 on panel 11, qin bridge 40 can be installed and removed with respect to panel 11.And, if qin bridge 40 can be installed and removed with respect to panel 11, just become the guitar 100 that can easily change different other qin bridge 40 such as shape, apperance, material corresponding to user's hobby.

In the occasion that forms the structure can install and remove qin bridge 40, close shape tenon etc. and position qin bridge 40 with respect to panel 11 as long as use, just can change qin bridge 40 easily.

In addition; The through hole 40a of qin bridge 40 be owing to must insert the termination that leads to string 70 thereby be essential, still, if be need be in the through hole 40a of qin bridge 40 guitar 100 of mount pin 60; Then can use through hole 40a to be installed in various decorative elements on the qin bridge 40, can also enjoy the decoration of qin bridge 40.

Another example of expression string end fixture 42 among Fig. 4.In this example, string end fixture 42 is installed at the cross part of stay 12.

Have when being the cross part that X font or V font intersect at stay 12, the part that this cross part is strengthened for counter plate 11 the most securely, on panel 11, the most difficult distortion of the cross part of stay 12.Therefore, through being installed in string end fixture 42 cross part of stay 12, can become the guitar 100 that qin body 10 is difficult to be out of shape more reliably.

In this example, be installed in the cross part of stay 12 to string end fixture 42 through web joint 43, make string end fixture 42 and the overlapping form of cross part, be directly installed on string end fixture 42 cross part of stay 12 but also can be used as.

In addition; Leave and under the unsettled situation that becomes from stay 12, panel 11 at string end fixture 42; Shown in the double dot dash line of Fig. 4, also can clamp supporting seat 44 or the appropriate support seats 44,45 such as supporting seat 45 between stay 12 and the string end fixture 42 between panel 11 and the string end fixture 42.

At this; Between panel 11 and string end fixture 42, be provided with under the state of supporting seat 44, the stress that tension force produced of string 70 is applied on the panel 11 from string end fixture 42, yet; Because string end fixture 42 also is installed on the stay 12; So stress can all not be applied on the panel 11, but can be disperseed by stay 12.Thereby, even under such state, also can become the guitar 100 that qin body 10 is difficult to be out of shape.

Fig. 5 representes another example of string end fixture 80.In this example, to be installed in string end fixture 80 in order not interfering the back side of panel 11, but to be not limited thereto with stay 12, also can as above-mentioned example, be installed in string end fixture 80 on the stay 12.

80 conducts of string end fixture have a pair of shank 81 and are erected at the parts of the portion that sets up 82 of 81 of each shanks, become the form that the cross section is the コ font by metal plate shape.And, in the portion of setting up 82, be provided with size and lead to portion 83 for the inserting of size that can plug in the end piece 71 that leads to string 70, on the shank 81 of neck 20 sides, be provided with and insert the slit 84 that logical portion 83 is communicated with.At this, slit 84 is the parts that are configured to the fastening portion of end piece 71 fastenings of the termination of string 70, and its width dimensions is not for inserting the size of logical end piece 71.Thus, in slit 84 (reference arrow B), can be fixed in string end fixture 80 to the termination of string 70 through end piece 71 fastening of inserting the string 70 that leads to slotting logical portion 83.

When so by string end fixture 80 with the termination of string 70 fixedly the time; Even if string end fixture 80 is by the tension draws of string 70; Because the slit 84 as end piece 71 being carried out the fastening portion of fastening leaves from panel 11; So the stress of tractive is dispersed to shank 81 whole after-applied to panel 11 of string end fixture 80.Therefore, can around the through hole 11a of panel 11, not apply local stress, qin body 10 is difficult to distortion.

Fig. 6 representes another example of string end fixture 90.This string end fixture 90 is also caught up with and is stated string end fixture 80 likewise, can be installed in the back side of panel 11 in order not interfere with stay 12, perhaps also can be installed on the stay 12.

String end fixture 90 have the back side that is secured at panel 11 base plate 91, from the upright a plurality of ribs 92 established of base plate 91, be erected at each rib 92 above supporting plate 93.At this, rib 92 is stood on the set direction that is located at string 70, and a plurality of ribs 92 are arranged side by side with the mode of inserting logical space that forms string 70 in 92 in each rib.And; On supporting plate 93, be provided with formation and the end piece 71 of the termination of string 70 carried out the slit 94 of the fastening portion of fastening; In slit 94 (reference arrow c), can be fixed in string end fixture 90 to the termination of string 70 through end piece 71 fastening of inserting the string 70 that leads to 92 in rib.

In this example, rib 92 stands from the back side of panel 11 across the base plate 91 of the inserting hole 91a that is equipped with string 70 and establishes, and still, also can omit base plate 91, the directly upright back sides that are located at panel 11 of rib 92.

In addition; In this example; Top board 93a by the top of neck 20 sides that cover rib 92; The slit plate 93b that is provided with slit 94 with opposition side in neck 20 sides and is secured at the upper surface of top board 93a constitutes supporting plate 93, but is not limited thereto, and also can form supporting plate 93 by the single parts with the slit 94 that constitutes fastening portion.

When by such string end fixture 90 with the termination of string 70 fixedly the time; Even if string end fixture 90 is by the tension draws of string 70; Because the slit 94 as end piece 71 being carried out the fastening portion of fastening leaves from panel 11; Thereby the stress of tractive is dispersed to the integral body of the rib 92 of string end fixture 90, and then is dispersed to the whole after-applied to panel 11 of base plate 91.Therefore, can not apply local stress around the through hole 11a of counter plate 11, qin body 10 is difficult to distortion.

In addition, with many strings 70 respectively accordingly, form the space of box-shaped by in opposite directions pair of rib 92 and the supporting plate 93 that covers the top of this pair of rib 92, the space of this box-shaped becomes resonant tank.Therefore, in the qin body 10 of the resonance of the voice that makes string 70, the resonance of the voice of string 70 can be further made, the tone color of guitar 100 can be improved through each resonant tank.

Claims (4)

1. guitar, said guitar is provided with: be used for making qin body and the string end fixture that the rear side that is provided in the panel of this qin body is used for fixing the termination of string of the empty shape of resonance of the voice, it is characterized in that:
Said string end fixture is provided with the fastening portion of termination of fastening string of being used for,
This fastening portion is provided in the position of leaving from the back side of the panel of said qin body.
2. guitar as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with the stay that the rear side that is set at said panel is strengthened this panel,
Said string end fixture is installed on the said stay.
3. guitar as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said string end fixture have a pair of shank that is fixed on the said panel and
Set up portion, the said portion of setting up has the slotting logical portion that is used for inserting the termination that leads to string, be erected between said a pair of shank,
Said fastening portion is made up of slit, and said slit is to insert the mode that logical portion is communicated with and be located at said shank with said.
4. guitar as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said string end fixture has rib and supporting plate,
Said rib is a plurality of, is stood the back side that is located at said panel, between each said rib, inserts the termination of logical string;
Said supporting plate is erected on this each rib,
Said fastening portion is made up of the slit that is set on the said supporting plate.
CN2010800277870A 2009-07-03 2010-06-28 Guitar CN102473402A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2009158393A JP2011013516A (en) 2009-07-03 2009-07-03 Guitar
JP2009-158393 2009-07-03
PCT/JP2010/060939 WO2011001923A1 (en) 2009-07-03 2010-06-28 Guitar

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102473402A true CN102473402A (en) 2012-05-23

Family

ID=43410999

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010800277870A CN102473402A (en) 2009-07-03 2010-06-28 Guitar

Country Status (3)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2011013516A (en)
CN (1) CN102473402A (en)
WO (1) WO2011001923A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120285310A1 (en) * 2011-05-15 2012-11-15 Michael Miltimore Acoustic String Guitar
WO2019088328A1 (en) * 2017-11-06 2019-05-09 주식회사 고퍼우드 Acoustic guitar and tone control apparatus

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS52104908A (en) * 1976-02-28 1977-09-02 Kensuke Uehara Guitar string stopper with fulcrum in resonating body
US5227571A (en) * 1987-04-20 1993-07-13 Cipriani Thomas P Guitar saddle having an inclined lever portion
US5347905A (en) * 1987-04-20 1994-09-20 Cipriani Thomas Adjustable bridge system for acoustical stringed instruments
JPH07295558A (en) * 1994-04-21 1995-11-10 Akira Sakamoto Main body structure of stringed instrument
US5686677A (en) * 1996-04-12 1997-11-11 Herbert; Howard Acoustic guitar bridge support
US20050120859A1 (en) * 2003-12-04 2005-06-09 England Garnett B. Acoustic musical instrument and method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS52104908A (en) * 1976-02-28 1977-09-02 Kensuke Uehara Guitar string stopper with fulcrum in resonating body
US5227571A (en) * 1987-04-20 1993-07-13 Cipriani Thomas P Guitar saddle having an inclined lever portion
US5347905A (en) * 1987-04-20 1994-09-20 Cipriani Thomas Adjustable bridge system for acoustical stringed instruments
JPH07295558A (en) * 1994-04-21 1995-11-10 Akira Sakamoto Main body structure of stringed instrument
US5686677A (en) * 1996-04-12 1997-11-11 Herbert; Howard Acoustic guitar bridge support
US20050120859A1 (en) * 2003-12-04 2005-06-09 England Garnett B. Acoustic musical instrument and method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2011001923A1 (en) 2011-01-06
JP2011013516A (en) 2011-01-20

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Application publication date: 20120523