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Infrared motion sensor system and method

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CN102472669A CN 201080030974 CN201080030974A CN102472669A CN 102472669 A CN102472669 A CN 102472669A CN 201080030974 CN201080030974 CN 201080030974 CN 201080030974 A CN201080030974 A CN 201080030974A CN 102472669 A CN102472669 A CN 102472669A
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CN 201080030974
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CN102472669B (en )
S. 米科 E.
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    • G08B13/00Burglar, theft or intruder alarms
    • G08B13/18Actuation by interference with heat, light or radiation of shorter wavelength; Actuation by intruding sources of heat, light or radiation of shorter wavelength
    • G08B13/189Actuation by interference with heat, light or radiation of shorter wavelength; Actuation by intruding sources of heat, light or radiation of shorter wavelength using passive radiation detection systems
    • G08B13/19Actuation by interference with heat, light or radiation of shorter wavelength; Actuation by intruding sources of heat, light or radiation of shorter wavelength using passive radiation detection systems using infra-red radiation detection systems
    • G08B13/191Actuation by interference with heat, light or radiation of shorter wavelength; Actuation by intruding sources of heat, light or radiation of shorter wavelength using passive radiation detection systems using infra-red radiation detection systems using pyroelectric sensor means


An infrared motion sensor system has an infrared (IR) sensor having a predetermined field of view, a target positioned within the field of view of the sensor which emits a spatially or temporally non-uniform pattern of IR radiation, and a processor which receives an output signal from the IR sensor, compares the received output signal to a signature temperature profile signal corresponding to the non-uniform pattern of IR radiation emitted by the target, and detects deviation of the sensor output signal from the signature temperature profile signal, indicating intervention of an object in a monitored volume between the target and sensor. The size of the target may be of the order of human size.


红外运动传感器系统和方法 Infrared motion sensor system and method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明总体上涉及无源红外(passive infrared, PIR)运动传感器,且尤其涉及包括目标的P^运动传感器系统和方法。 It relates to a passive infrared (passive infrared, PIR) motion sensor, and more particularly to a system and P ^ motion sensor comprising a target [0001] The present invention generally.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 无源红外运动传感器通常由若干特征构成。 [0002] Passive infrared motion sensor usually consists of several features. 光学元件(诸如透镜或反射镜)和红外(IR)检测器共同限定和收集来自视场的辐射(交叉并因此限定了监视空间体积),该光学元件从所述视场将辐射运送到红外(IR)检测器上,所述红外检测器通常对6-14微米波长范围中的中顶光进行响应。 Optical element (such as a lens or a mirror) and infrared (IR) detector to collect radiation from and together define a field of view (and thus defining a cross-monitoring space volume), the field of view of the optical element from the transport to the infrared radiation ( IR) on the detector, said infrared detector in a wavelength range typically of 6-14 m top light response. 所述检测器进而提供响应于监视体积内对象表面的有效黑体温度的改变并且朝着该光学元件辐射的电信号,该信号被传递到模拟处理电路,所述模拟处理电路进而产生数字信号,可以直接或间接地将该数字信号与该光学元件从监视体积内“看到”的温度改变的一定阈限量进行比较。 The detector in turn provides an effective blackbody temperature change in response to the monitored surface of the inner volume of the object and the optical element towards the radiation electric signal, which signal is passed to an analog processing circuit, said analog processing circuit in turn generates a digital signal to be directly or indirectly, with the digital signal from the monitoring of the optical element volume "seen" by a temperature change is compared to some threshold amount. 该数字信号可以由逻辑电路进一步处理以便例如对穿过监视体积内的背景或较冷对象前面的较热的人提供期望输出指示。 The digital signal can be further processed by a logic circuit such as to provide an output indicative of a desired person or through the front of the background object within the surveillance volume of cooler hotter.

[0003] 图1中图示了一种类型的现有技术红外运动传感器系统,并且该系统包括有源射束传感器系统,其中从传送器10向接收器12传送脉冲近红外(near-infrared,NIR)光束。 In [0003] FIG 1 illustrates a prior art type of infrared motion sensor system, and the system includes a sensor system active beam, wherein the pulses from the conveyor 10 to the receiver 12 transmits a near-infrared (near-infrared, NIR) light. 每个传送器具有发射器15和用于将OTR光束朝着该接收器引导的透镜16。 Each transmitter having a transmitter 15 and a light beam towards the OTR for guiding the receiver lens 16. 每个接收器具有透镜17和检测器18,其用于接收由该透镜引导到该检测器上的光。 Each receiver has a lens 17 and a detector 18 for receiving the light guided by the lens on to the detector. 与该检测器相关联的处理器被配置为确认通过传送器10和接收器12之间的监视体积14的OTR光传输。 Associated with the detector associated processor is configured to monitor the OTR confirmed volume 14 between the light transmission through the transmitter 12 and the receiver 10. 典型地,该体积为直径3至10 cm的圆柱体。 Typically, the volume diameter of 3 to 10 cm from the cylinder. 传输中断指示对象在监视体积内移动。 Transmission interruption indication object moves within the surveillance volume. 一般采用这样的有源射束传感器,通过在不同方向上安装多个传送器/接收器线性段(segment)以便在设施周围形成完整的“围栏”,来监视该设施的周界。 Such beams generally used active sensor / receiver linear segments (segment) to form a complete 'fence' around a facility by a plurality of transmitters mounted in different directions to monitor the perimeter of the facility. 这样的系统中的监视体积比人大小小得多,使得该检测器可以被比人小得多的移动对象触发。 Monitoring the volume of such a system is much smaller than the size of the person, so that the detector can be triggered much smaller than a human moving object.

[0004] 另一种已知类型的红外运动传感器是如图2中所图示的常规长范围无源红外(PIR)传感器20。 [0004] Another known type of a conventional infrared motion sensor is a passive infrared wavelength range as illustrated in FIG. 2 (PIR) sensor 20. 如图2中所指示的,此类型的传感器监视长且窄的静态体积22,并且具有红外检测器M和将从监视体积接收的辐射运送到该检测器上的诸如透镜25之类的光学元件。 The optical element as indicated in FIG. 2, this type of long and narrow sensor monitors the static volume 22, having an infrared detector and from the monitor M and the volume delivered to the received radiation such as a lens on the detector 25 or the like . 常常采用这样的传感器,通过安装多个P^传感器,这多个P^传感器的监视体积在不同方向上形成线性段以便在设施周围形成完整的“围栏”,来监视该设施的周界。 Such sensors are often used, by mounting a plurality of sensors P ^, P ^ a plurality of sensors which monitor the volume of linear segments formed in different directions so as to form a complete 'fence' around the facility to monitor the perimeter of the facility. 此类型的系统的一个问题是不能够准确控制检测范围,并且该检测范围响应于不同的温度、空气清晰度和影响所检测的移动主体和背景之间的检测温度差的其它状况而将大幅变化。 One problem of this type of system is not able to accurately control the detection range and the detection range in response to different temperatures, detecting the moving body and the temperature difference between the background and the air impact clarity detected difference and other conditions will change significantly .


[0005] 本文所描述的实施例提供了一种新的限定目标红外运动传感器系统和方法。 [0005] Example embodiments described herein provide a new target infrared motion sensors defining systems and methods.

[0006] 在一个实施例中,一种红外运动传感器系统包括红外(IR)传感器和处理器,所述顶传感器具有预定视场,定位在该传感器的视场内发射非一致图案的顶辐射的目标,所述处理器从顶传感器接收输出信号,将所接收的输出信号和与由该目标发射的非一致图案的顶辐射相对应的目标特征(signature)信号或温度轮廓进行比较,并且检测该传感器输出信号与该目标特征信号的偏差,该偏差指示在目标和传感器之间的监视体积中的对象介入。 [0006] In one embodiment, a system comprises an infrared motion sensor, an infrared (IR) sensor and a processor, said top sensor having a predetermined field of view, the field of view of the sensor is positioned in a top-emitting non-coherent radiation pattern target, the processor receives the sensor output signal from the top, the top of the radiation output of the received signal and a non-uniform pattern emitted by the target corresponding to the target feature (Signature) or temperature profile is compared signal, and detects the sensor output signal characteristic of the target deviation signal, which indicates the deviation between the target volume and the monitoring sensor objects involved.

[0007] 该目标可以是无源空间非一致顶发射目标,或者是有源时间非一致顶发射目标。 [0007] The target may be spatially non-uniform top emission passive target, or non-uniform top emission active time target. 在每个实施例中,从该目标发射一定的特征空间或时间非一致图案的顶辐射。 In each embodiment, a top emission characteristic emission certain spatial or temporal non-uniform pattern from the target. 与顶传感器相关联的处理器被布置成相对于与先前所获取的目标特征轮廓相对应的先前轮廓连续地检查该传感器输出的信号温度轮廓,以便验证该目标的连续且无干扰的存在,或者检测在该目标和该传感器之间介入的对象引入。 The processor associated with the top sensor is arranged with respect to the target characteristic profile previously acquired corresponding previous contour sensor continuously checks the output signal of the temperature profile in order to verify the continuous and undisturbed presence of the target, or in the detection of the sensor between the target and the introduced objects involved. 空间非一致的目标可以是在不同目标部分具有不同顶发射率的材料的目标,或者相对于其它部分被加热或冷却的不同目标部分。 Spatially non-uniform target may be a target top emitting materials having different rates in different portions of the target or a different target portion relative to the other portion is heated or cooled. 时间非一致的发射目标可以是由具有振荡温度的杆或者具有被传感器-目标轴线内不同温度的遮光板交替地阻挡和不阻挡或“切”的顶发射的处于恒定温度的杆形成的变化的发射器。 Time non-uniform emission targets may be having a sensor by a rod having a oscillation of temperature or - change lever at a constant temperature of emissions within the target axis at different temperatures of the light shielding plate alternately blocking and non-blocking or "cut" top formed launcher.

[0008] 该传感器可以是具有静态监视体积的传感器,或者具有移动监视体积的扫描传感器,例如具有相对于该传感器进行移动以使得所述传感器的视场横跨监视区域进行扫描的光学系统。 [0008] The sensor may be monitored with a static volume sensor, or a sensor monitoring the movement of the scanning volume, for example, an optical system having a field of view is scanned across the monitored area moves relative to the sensor such that the sensor.

[0009] 在一个实施例中,设施的周界可以通过安装多个单元(在此情况下是传感器/目标对)进行监视,所述单元的监视体积在不同方向上形成线性段以便在该设施周围形成完整的“围栏”。 [0009] In one embodiment, the perimeter of the facility can be by mounting a plurality of units (in this case the sensor / target pair) for monitoring the volume of the monitoring unit is formed in linear segments in different directions so that the facility around a complete "fence."


[0010] 本发明在关于其结构和操作这二者的细节可以部分地通过研究附图而获得,在附图中同样的附图标记指代同样的部分,且在其中: [0010] The present invention relates to the details of its structure and operation of both can be obtained in part by study of the drawings, in the drawings like reference numerals refer to like parts, and in which:

图1是现有技术有源射束运动传感器布置的侧视图; 图2是现有技术无源红外(PIR)传感器的部分分解透视图; FIG. 1 is a side prior art active beam arrangement of the motion sensor; FIG. 2 is part of the prior art passive infrared (PIR) sensor is an exploded perspective view;

图3是根据第一实施例的限定目标红外(IR)运动传感器系统中的传感器/目标对的示意透视图; FIG 3 is a schematic perspective view of a first embodiment defining the target of an infrared (IR) motion sensor system in the sensor / target pair;

图4是图3的系统的系统架构的框图; 图5是限定目标顶运动传感器系统的第二实施例的透视图; FIG 4 is a block diagram of the system architecture of the system of FIG. 3; FIG. 5 is a top target motion sensor system defining a perspective view of a second embodiment;

图6是具有以阵列布置的多个图3的传感器/目标对的限定目标顶运动传感器系统的另一实施例的示意顶部平面图; Figure 6 is a plurality of sensors arranged in an array in FIG. 3 / a schematic top target motion sensor further defining a target system a top plan view of the embodiment of the embodiment;

图7是替换目标/传感器布置的示意性框图,其中遮光板交替地阻挡和不阻挡目标顶发射以提供时间非一致的发射; FIG 7 is a schematic block diagram of alternative target / sensor arrangement, wherein the light shielding plate are alternately blocking and not blocking the target to provide a top emitting a non-uniform emission time;

图8是供顶运动传感器系统中使用的具有垂直光学系统的P^传感器的一个实施例的部分分解的侧视图; FIG 8 is a side view partially exploded of one embodiment of a P ^ sensor having an optical system for a top vertical motion sensors used in the system;

图9A是将限定目标P^传感器与微波系统和相机进行组合的长范围运动传感器单元的一个实施例的部分分解的透视图; 图9B是图9A的单元的截面图;和 FIG 9A is a partially exploded perspective view of an embodiment of the motion sensor unit wavelength range will define the target P ^ microwave sensor system and the camera are combined; FIG. 9B is a cross-sectional view of the unit of FIG. 9A; and

图10是将扫描P^传感器与微波系统和相机进行组合的经修改的长范围运动传感器单元的水平截面图。 FIG 10 is a horizontal sectional view of a modified long-range motion sensor unit is combined with a scanning P ^ microwave sensor and camera systems.

具体实施方式[0011] 如本文所公开的一定实施例提供了一种? DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0011] As disclosed herein, certain embodiments provide a? 顶运动传感器系统,其中? Top motion sensor system, which? 顶运动传感器具有远程目标以通过限定监视体积来增强传感器功能,所述监视体积包括传感器的视场能够“看到”该目标的部分。 A top having a motion sensor to a remote target function to enhance the sensor monitoring the volume defined by the monitoring field of view volume comprising a sensor can "see" the portion of the object. 该目标通过使得顶辐射发射强度随时间和/或空间变化,产生从传感器输出的特征温度轮廓来限定。 This object is achieved by the radiation so that a top emission intensity versus time and / or space, wherein the temperature profile is generated from the output of the sensor is defined.

[0012] 在阅读了此描述之后,对于本领域技术人员而言如何以各种替换实施例和替换应用来实现本发明将是显而易见的。 [0012] After reading this description, those skilled in the art how the various alternative embodiments and alternative applications to implement the invention will be apparent. 然而,虽然本文将对本发明的各种实施例进行了描述,但是理解的是,这些实施例仅通过示例而非限制的方式来呈现。 However, while various embodiments of the present invention will be herein described embodiments, it is understood that these examples are presented by way of limitation by way of example and not limitation. 同样地,对各种替换实施例的此详细描述不应当被理解为限制本发明的范围或宽度。 Similarly, various alternative embodiments of this detailed description of the embodiments should not be construed to limit the scope or breadth of the present invention.

[0013] 图3和4图示了限定目标顶运动传感器系统的第一实施例,其包括一个或多个传感器-目标对。 [0013] FIGS. 3 and 4 illustrate a first embodiment of a top defining a target motion sensor system, comprising one or more sensors - Target. 图3图示了单个限定目标/传感器对30,其包括无源红外(P^)传感器32 和定位在距该P^传感器限定距离处的限定目标34。 Figure 3 illustrates a single defined target / sensor pair 30, which comprises a passive infrared (P ^) is positioned at a distance sensor 32 and the P ^ defined distance sensor 34 at a defined target. 传感器32可以包括任何类型的PIR 传感器,诸如热电传感器。 Sensor 32 may comprise any type of PIR sensor, such as a pyroelectric sensor. 在一个实施例中,图3的目标/传感器对或单元30包括系统的被设置成监视设施的周界的一个段,其中,同样的目标/传感器对被布置在围绕该设施间隔开的间隔处,以便在该设施周围形成完整的“围栏”。 In one embodiment, the target of FIG. 3 / sensor or the unit 30 includes a system is set to the monitoring facility of a section of the perimeter, wherein the same target / sensor at intervals around the facility spaced apart are disposed in the in order to form a complete "fence" around the facility. 可替换地,一个或多个这样的对可以被布置成监视室内区域。 Alternatively, one or more interior areas of such monitoring may be arranged.

[0014] 图3的目标34是空间非一致的目标或发射器,其在该图示的实施例中被垂直地定向,不过在替换实施例中该目标可以是水平的或以其它角度的定向。 Target 34 [0014] FIG. 3 is a spatially non-uniform target or emitter, which is oriented vertically in the illustrated embodiment, but in alternate embodiments the target may be horizontal or at other angles of orientation . 所述目标包括两个具有不同发射率的材料的间隔开的垂直定向的杆36,它们被固定在端架38和40之间,其中整个单元被支撑在垂直支撑柱41的顶部。 The target 36 comprises a vertically oriented rods spaced apart two materials having different emission rates, which are secured between the end frames 38 and 40, in which the entire unit is supported at the top of the vertical support column 41. 端架36也可以是具有不同发射率的材料以形成特征目标信号的一部分。 End frame 36 may be a material having a different emission rates to form part of the feature of the target signal. P^传感器32被合并在传感器单元42中,所述传感器单元42以与目标34的目标杆36相似的高度也被支撑在垂直支撑柱44的顶部。 P ^ sensor 32 is incorporated in the sensor unit 42, similar to the sensor unit 42 and the target 34 is a target rod 36 is also supported at the top height of the vertical support column 44. 由于不同发射率的不同材料的原因,该目标发射出特性非一致图案的顶辐射或特征顶轮廓,其在每次扫描被该传感器检测到,除非在该传感器和目标之间存在介入对象的话。 Due to the different materials of different transmission rates, the target emission characteristics of a top non-uniform radiation pattern characteristics or top profile, which is detected by the sensor at each scan, unless there is intervening object between the sensor and the target words.

[0015] 单元42包括外部壳体,其包含如图4中所图示的用于检测到来的顶信号并且对所述信号进行处理以标识监视区域45内的运动的系统。 [0015] The unit 42 comprises an outer housing including a top signal in FIG. 4, illustrated and for detecting the arrival of the signal processing system to identify motion within the monitored area 45. 如图4中所图示的,传感器单元包括传感器光学系统46、Ρ^传感器设备48、输出信号处理电子装置49、诸如计算机或应用特定集成电路之类的处理器50以及警报输出52。 As illustrated in FIG. 4, the optical sensor unit comprises a sensor system 46, Ρ ^ sensor device 48, the output signal processing electronics 49, such as a computer or application specific integrated circuits, the output processor 50 and an alarm 52. 该处理器在替换实施例中可以定位成远离该传感器单元并且可以经由无线通信接收传感器设备48的信号输出。 In an alternative embodiment, the processor may be located remote from the sensor unit and may receive the sensor signal output apparatus 48 via the wireless communication.

[0016] 在一个实施例中,该系统还包括驱动设备(未示出),其相对于该传感器移动该光学系统以使得该传感器的视场反复地横跨监视体积进行扫描。 [0016] In one embodiment, the system further includes a drive device (not shown), which moves the sensor relative to the optical system such that the sensor field of view is repeatedly scanned across the monitored volumes. 该传感器光学系统可以包括适当的反射镜、透镜以及本领域已知的用于把到来的顶辐射聚焦到MR传感器设备上的其它组件。 The optical sensor system may include appropriate mirrors, lenses and known in the art for the incoming radiation onto the top of the other components of the MR sensor device. 每次扫描监视区域时,所述MR传感器设备生成输出信号,该输出信号被信号处理电子装置49进行滤波、放大和数字化以产生传感器输出信号温度轮廓。 Scanning each monitoring area, the MR sensor device generates an output signal, the output signal of the signal processing electronics 49 is filtered, amplified, and digitized to generate a sensor output signal of the temperature profile. 处理器50接收该信号并且确定是否激活听觉或视觉警报52或者其它输出设备,诸如用于门、听觉或视觉警报、至安全人员的通知等等的激活系统。 The processor 50 receives the signal and determines whether to activate an audible or visual alarm 52 or other output device, such as a door, an audible or visual alarm to notify security personnel of the activation system and the like. 该逻辑可以在与该处理器相关联的计算机可读介质上实现。 The logic may be implemented on a readable medium associated with the processor associated with the computer. 该计算机可读介质可以是逻辑电路、固态计算机存储器、基于盘的储存器、基于磁带的储存器或者其它适当的计算机介质。 The computer readable medium may be a logic circuit, a solid-state computer memory, disk-based storage, a tape based storage, or other appropriate computer medium.

[0017] 传感器单元42从处于人大小或更大的量级的目标34接收顶辐射,这使本发明和图1的现有技术有源射束传感器之间的重要差异显著。 [0017] The sensor unit 42 receives radiation from the top in the order of magnitude of the target person 34 or more, which makes an important difference between the present invention and the prior art sensor of FIG 1 was significantly active beam. 在图3的实施例中,如下面所描述的,传感器32是具有移动监视体积的扫描传感器,但是其在替换实施例中可以是具有静态监视体积的静态或连续传感器。 In the embodiment of FIG. 3, as described below, the sensor 32 is a sensor monitoring the movement scanning volume, but it may be an embodiment of a static volume of static or continuous monitoring sensors in alternative embodiments. 在该传感器的整体视场或扫描体积M内,该目标占据了显著的立体角。 Within the overall field of view or scan volume M of the sensor, the target occupies a significant solid angle. 如图3的实施例中所图示的,当所述目标在形状方面为矩形时,与图1的现有技术系统中的有源射束传感器的窄圆柱体射束形状的监视体积相比,该传感器的监视体积45是棱锥体形状的。 Examples of the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 3, when the monitoring of the target volume is rectangular in shape, with a narrow beam of the active sensor cylinder prior art system of FIG. 1 in the beam shape compared monitoring the volume of the sensor 45 is a pyramid shape. 如下面更详细地论述的,这允许该系统比现有技术系统获得多得多的与传感器/目标状况有关的信息。 As discussed in more detail below, this allows the system to obtain much more information to the sensor / target condition than prior art systems related. 此外,与图2的现有技术MR传感器M形成对比,限定目标系统的检测范围被控制为该目标和该传感器之间的距离d,而图2的MR传感器的检测范围不能被准确控制,而是响应于温度、空气清晰度等等影响移动的人和背景之间“所看到的”温度差异的不同状况而大幅变化。 Further, a prior art MR sensor of FIG. 2 M contrast, defining a target detection range of the system is controlled for the distance d between the object and the sensor, the detection range of the MR sensor of FIG. 2 can not be accurately controlled, and in response to temperature, air clarity different conditions like "see" the temperature difference between the background and the movement of the impact vary greatly.

[0018] 如图3中所图示的,目标34占据了扫描体积M在距PIR传感器距离d处的横截面积55的显著部分(其中d是目标和传感器之间的距离)。 [0018] As illustrated in Figure 3, the target 34 occupies a swept volume distance M in a significant fraction of the cross sectional area at a distance d the PIR sensor 55 (where d is the distance between the target and the sensor). 所述目标与现有技术的不同之处在于,如图1中,传感器或接收器监视由来自小型射束或点光源的辐射横越的体积。 It differs from the prior art in that certain, 1, monitored by a sensor or a receiver or a beam of radiation from a point source of small volume across FIG. 在现有技术有源射束传感器系统中,与要检测的对象相比,该射束或源是小的。 In the prior art active beam sensor system, as compared with the object to be detected, or the beam source is small. 相反,在图3的实施例中,单个目标可以属于与要检测的目标大小相似量级的,例如人大小或更大。 In contrast, in the embodiment of FIG. 3, it may belong to a single target to be detected similar to the target size of the order of, for example, human or larger size. 虽然在图3的实施例中使用了单个目标,但是增强型系统可以具有多个目标。 Although the use of a single target in the embodiment of FIG. 3, but the enhanced system may have multiple targets.

[0019] 此实施例提供了具有移动监视体积(扫描)的MR传感器,其产生整体监视体积54,该整体监视体积M包括通过扫描监视体积在一个时刻或另一时刻所监视的所有体积, 并且它还提供了包括定位在该整体监视体积内的非一致顶发射或温度轮廓的对象(或多个对象)的“目标”,因此根据扫描监视体积的大小及其对比时间与该目标的非一致顶发射轮廓的交叉,该传感器经由其扫描监视体积“看到了”随时间变化的顶发射。 [0019] This provides the volume of MR sensor monitoring a mobile (scanning) of the embodiment, that generates the overall volume of the monitor 54, which monitors the overall volume of the volume of M includes all monitored by scanning at a time or another volume of the monitored time, and it is provided that includes monitoring positioned within the overall volume of the top-emitting or non-uniform temperature profile of an object (or objects) "target", so according to the size and volume of the scanning monitored versus time with the target non-uniform a top emission cross profile, the sensor monitoring via its scanning volume "seen" top emission over time. 虽然垂直目标的使用支持许多一般性应用,但是在替换实施例中可以使用水平目标和以其它角度的目标。 Although certain vertical support many general applications, but the embodiment may be used in other levels of the target and the target angle in alternative embodiments. 如下面所描述的,垂直目标对于用于周界监视的“围栏”类型的应用而言特别有用。 As described below, certain particularly useful for vertical perimeter surveillance for "fence" type application.

[0020] 在扫描传感器的监视体积横跨该目标进行扫查时,如上面所描述的,该传感器“看至Γ随时间变化的顶发射,并且生成与该目标的发射轮廓相对应的“特征”输出温度轮廓。通常,特征传感器输出温度轮廓随着每次扫描保持恒定,或者(由于变化的目标状况的原因) 在数分钟的周期上非常缓慢地改变。图4的处理器50保存目标“特征”传感器输出温度轮廓以作为基准。由处理器50检测到较快的信号改变或者来自该特征传感器输出温度轮廓的变化指示介入对象通过占据该目标与该传感器的整体监视体积的交叉所限定的体积45, 已经阻挡了该传感器的该目标的视野。这导致预定警报输出的激活,所述警报输出诸如听觉或视觉警报或者安全人员的通知。在时间上对应于整体监视体积的非目标占据部分(即, 传感器监视体积M的处于棱锥体形状的目标至 [0020] While monitoring the volume of a scanning sensor for scanning across the target, as described above, the sensor "look to Γ top emission over time, and generates the emission profile of the object corresponding to" feature "output of the temperature profile. typically, the temperature profile as characterized in the sensor output is kept constant for each scan, or (due to changes in target conditions) changes very slowly over a period of a few minutes. the processor 50 of FIG. 4 save target" wherein "temperature profile in the sensor output as the reference detector signal from the processor 50 to change faster or feature from the sensor output change indicates the temperature profile of the intervention by occupying the target object is defined by intersection with the entire volume of the monitoring sensor volume 45, has blocking the vision of the target sensor. this causes a predetermined alarm output is activated, the alarm output audible or visible notification such as an alarm or security personnel at the monitoring time corresponding to the entire volume occupied by the non-target portion (i.e., the target is in the shape of a pyramid sensor to monitor the volume of M 感器体积45之外的部分)的信号不包括目标“特征”的部分,并且因此被传感器忽略。因此,目标至传感器体积45只起到目标和扫描传感器之间的“射束”的作用,允许此传感器通过检测横跨该“射束”的对象(例如,人入侵者)来模仿有源射束传感器的功能。由于它仅检测传感器和目标之间发生的改变,所以此系统有利地提供了受控的检测范围,相比于图2的现有技术的常规HR传感器这是改进。 Than the volume of the sensor portion 45) does not include a signal "signature" of the part of the target, and thus ignored by the sensor. Thus, the target volume of the sensor 45 to act as a "beam" between the target and the scanning sensor, this allows the sensor to mimic the function of the active sensor by the beam across the object to be detected "beam" (e.g., human intruders). Because it only detects changes between the sensor and the object, so this system advantageously provides detecting a controlled range, as compared to conventional prior art sensor of FIG HR 2 this is an improvement.

[0021] 由于图3和4的实施例中的大部分监视体积处于人大小的量级(与图1的现有技术有源射束传感器中的小型圆柱体监视区域相比),所以部分阻挡情形是可能的,在其中传感器输出信号可以被用来估计阻挡对象的大小。 [0021] (small compared to the prior art the active cylinder monitoring area beam sensor of FIG. 1) since most of the monitoring volume and the embodiment of Figure 3 is in the order of 4 human-sized, so that the blocking part scenarios are possible, in which the sensor output signal may be used to estimate the size of the blocking object. 这样的系统可以被设置成使得感兴趣的监视空间体积仅包括目标和传感器之间的“射束”的较宽部分。 Such a system may be arranged such that the volume of space monitored includes only the wider portion of interest "beam" between the target and the sensor. [0022] 图3的目标34可以通过提供经由适合的供电加热或冷却布置进行加热或冷却的杆36或端架38、40的部分而被修改。 Target 34 [0022] FIG. 3 may be modified by providing a frame or the end portion 36 of the rod 38 via heating or cooling power for heating or cooling arrangement. 这可以被用来增加不同的发射率部分之间的发射对比度。 This may be used to increase the contrast between different emitted emissivity portion. 例如,杆36中的一个可以被加热,而另一个为了更大的顶发射对比度被冷却,或者可以沿所述杆提供多个交替加热和冷却的部分。 For example, a rod 36 may be heated, while the other top emission for greater contrast is cooled, or may be provided alternately heating and cooling a plurality of portions along the rod. 这能够提供更加生动的标准或特征目标信号以便在诸如雾、雨或雪之类的不利天气状况下进行更好的识别。 This can provide a more vivid or standard characteristics of the target signal for better recognition in adverse weather conditions such as fog, rain or snow, and the like. 可以使用不同形状和配置的替换目标,诸如多个杆、块等等。 Alternatively the target may be used of different shapes and configurations, such as a plurality of rods, blocks and the like.

[0023] 存在使用图3和4的系统的若干种可能方法,它们全部都可以通过对处理器50的适合编程而被使用。 [0023] Several possible methods exist using the system of FIGS. 3 and 4, all of which can be programmed by the processor 50 is adapted to be used. 在一种方法中,所述处理器通过检测来自特征传感器输出温度轮廓的快速变化来检测来到传感器和目标之间的对象或人员,并且发送“检测”信号。 In one method, the processor to an object or person is detected between the sensor and the target by detecting a rapid change in the sensor output from the temperature profile of the feature, and transmits the "detection" signal. 所述处理器能够通过来自特征传感器输出温度轮廓的连续变化来确认保持在传感器和目标之间的对象或人员的连续存在。 The processor can be confirmed in the continuous presence of an object held or personnel between the sensor and the target characterized by continuous changes in the sensor output from the temperature profile. 所述处理器还可以检测目标本身的变更,其也通过特征传感器输出温度轮廓的改变来指示。 The processor may also detect changing the target itself, which is also the output of the temperature profile change is indicated by the features of the sensor. 在入侵者检测安全系统中,这样的变更可能是由于目标破坏,或者由于试图在传感器及其通常目标之间放置诱骗目标。 Intruder detection security system, such a change may be due to destruction of the target, or by attempting to trick the target is placed between the sensor and its normal target.

[0024] 在对象保护系统中,目标可以被限定为一个(或多个)保护对象。 [0024] protection system in a subject, the target can be defined as one (or more) protected. 在检测到可能由于丢失对象而引起的目标轮廓改变时,该处理器就能够发送“检测”或警报信号,其可以指示未授权个体在监视区域中的移动或者受保护对象的移除。 Upon detecting the target profile may be due to changes caused by the loss of objects, the processor can transmit the "detection" or an alarm signal, which may indicate movement or removal of an individual in the surveillance area protected from unauthorized objects. 在另一实施例中,可以把该传感器设置成将整个房间(或者房间中在内部具有一个或多个离散“子目标”的部分)限定为其整体目标。 In another embodiment, the sensor can be arranged to (a part or a room having a plurality of discrete or "sub-target" inside) for the whole room defined overall objective. 在此情况下,该房间不必具有精确设计的发射变化特性,但是该传感器可以被设计为扫查整个房间并且该处理器被编程为获得和存储表示该房间的顶发射轮廓的特征传感器输出信号或温度轮廓。 In this case, the change in emission characteristics of the room does not necessarily have the exact design, but the sensor may be designed to scan the room, and the processor is programmed to obtain and store sensor output signals representing the feature of the top emission profile or room temperature profile. 通过每次扫描,此特征轮廓被“看到”,除非人员正在正常扫描的背景前面移动。 With each scan, the feature contour is "seen", unless the front of the background art are normal scan movement. 根据使用模式,该房间的特征扫描传感器输出温度轮廓的改变可以指示入侵者、破坏、对象窃贼等等,并且在这些情形中的任一情形下激活警报。 The mode of use, wherein the scanning sensor output to change the temperature profile of the room can indicate an intruder, damage, theft, etc. the object, and to activate an alarm either case in those situations. 该传感器还能够检测针对其自身的变更。 The sensor is able to detect changes for itself. 例如,如果通过覆盖或通过喷涂以顶不透明材料而被破坏,则该传感器就不再接收来自该目标的任何顶输入(或者接收到相当大地减少的顶输入)并且没有信号输出,在这种情况下,该处理器能够发送“破坏”或警报信号。 For example, if applied by spraying or by coating a top opaque material is broken, the sensor will no longer receive any input from the top of the target (or received considerably reduced top input) and no signal is output, in this case, next, the processor can send "broken" or an alarm signal. 可以针对长期平均轮廓或“特征”轮廓来检查每个扫描传感器输出温度轮廓以便检测轮廓的快速改变。 Each scan can check the temperature profile of the sensor output for a long-term average profile or "characterized by" profile in order to detect rapid changes in the profile.

[0025] 在一个实施例中,如图5中所图示的,提供了类似围栏的周界监视段60。 [0025] In one embodiment, illustrated in Figure 5, there is provided a surveillance perimeter section 60 similar to the fence. 图5的传感器系统包括第一和第二交互传感器目标对或单元62、64,一个位于两个端点中的每一个处,其中,一组朝向每个方向,以便实现一致的“围栏高度”。 FIG sensor system 5 includes a first and a second interaction of the target or the sensor unit 62, 64, one at each of two endpoints, wherein each group is moved toward a direction so as to achieve consistent "fence height." 每个传感器/目标对被支撑在适当围栏高度的垂直支撑柱65上。 Each sensor / target pair is supported on a suitable vertical support height of the fence post 65. 第一传感器/目标组62具有在下端处的传感器单元32A 和从该传感器单元向上延伸的矩形目标34B。 A first sensor / target group having a sensor unit 62 at the lower end 32A and 34B extending upwardly rectangular target from the sensor unit. 第二交互传感器/目标组64具有从柱65向上延伸的目标34A和在上端处的传感器单元32B。 Second interaction sensor / target having a target group 64 extending upwardly from the column 34A and the sensor unit 65 at the upper end 32B. 传感器单元32A被定位成从传感器/目标组64的目标34A接收辐射并监视体积45A,而传感器单元32B被定位成从传感器/目标组62的目标34B接收辐射并监视体积45B。 The sensor unit 32A is positioned to receive radiation from the target sensor 34A / 64 and the target group monitored volumes 45A, 32B and the sensor unit is positioned to receive radiation from the target 34B sensors / monitors the target set 62 and the volume 45B. 可以在要监视的整个周界周围提供类似的传感器/目标组,这形成了虚拟“围栏”70,其中传感器/目标对或单元62、64的高度等于期望围栏高度。 It may be provided around the entire perimeter of the similar sensor to monitor / target group, which forms a virtual "fence" 70, wherein the height of the sensor / target pair 62, 64 is equal to the desired cells or the height of the fence. 此实施例的一个优势是由于飞行在传感器和目标之间的鸟而引起的信号改变的时间是相对容易确定的。 One advantage of this embodiment is that since the time of flight of the signal change between the sensor and the birds caused by the target is relatively easy to determine. 在图3的信号传感器系统中,目标具有人大小量级的最低大小。 In the signal of the sensor system of Figure 3, the size of the target person with the lowest order of magnitude. 然而, 接近于该传感器飞行的鸟仍然会彻底阻挡该传感器。 However, close to the sensor flying birds still completely block the sensor. 在图5的交互系统中,如果接近于该传感器飞行,鸟潜在地会彻底阻挡传感器之一,但是不会在其它方向上引起任何信号改变。 In the interactive system of FIG. 5, if the sensor is close to flight, the birds will be completely blocked potentially one of the sensors, but the signal does not cause any changes in the other direction. 因此,在此实施例中,人入侵将会通过两个输出信号轮廓的改变而被确认,而由一个传感器/目标对而不是另一对发射的信号的改变会通过信号大小进行进一步分析并且可以被解释为入侵或者被解释为由于被小鸟等阻挡而引起的非紧急情况。 Thus, in this embodiment, the invasion would be confirmed two output signals by changing the profile of a change by the sensor / target pair, rather than the other signals transmitted on the signal can be further analyzed by size and may It is interpreted as the invasion or to be construed as non-emergency situations due to the blocking caused by birds and the like.

[0026] 从传感器端点到目标提供恒定的“围栏高度”的另一方法是在一个端点处放置多个传感器以监视在另一端点处的目标。 [0026] provide a constant from the sensor to the target endpoint another method "fence height" is placed at one end a plurality of sensors to monitor the target at the other endpoint. 所述传感器沿与目标平行并且与目标一样长的(典型地垂直的)线进行放置。 Direction parallel to the sensor and a target as long as the target (typically vertical) line placement. 因此,传感器端处的“围栏高度”由若干垂直放置的传感器来所提供,并且在目标端由该目标限定的监视体积高度来提供。 Therefore, the "fence height" a plurality of vertically disposed at the end of the sensor to provide a sensor, the target and the target end by monitoring the volume defined height is provided.

[0027] 不同于图1的现有技术有源射束传感器,在图3至5的系统中不存在脉冲顶光发射器。 Active sensor beam prior art [0027] Unlike FIG. 1, the absence of a top pulse light emitter in the system of Figures 3 to 5. 这样,由于接收器从不同于其预期配对的传送器接收光(被称作“串扰”的状况)的原因(如针对不同周界部分而安装的)多个系统不互相影响。 The reason for this, since the receiver from the transmitter is different from its counterpart of the intended receiving light (referred to as "cross-talk" situation) (e.g., for different portions of the perimeter of the mounted) a plurality of system does not affect each other. 因此,在不存在串扰的情况下,可以布置相对复杂的“围栏”阵列,图6图示了限定目标顶运动传感器系统65的一种可能实施例,其中把交互传感器-目标对62、64阵列定位成形成虚拟“围栏” 70,其通常由每个传感器目标对之间的带箭头线来指示。 Thus, in the absence of crosstalk may be arranged relatively complex "fence" array, FIG. 6 illustrates a top defining one target motion sensor system 65 in a possible embodiment, in which the interaction sensor - target pair arrays 62 positioned to form a virtual "fence" 70, which is generally indicated by the arrowed lines between each sensor target pair. 如图6的右手侧中所指示的,该布置可以包括布置成以通常X形状形成地交叉的围栏,以便检测封闭区域内的运动。 The right-hand side in FIG. 6 as indicated, the arrangement may comprise a generally arranged in an X-shape are formed intersecting fence, in order to detect motion within the closed area.

[0028] 在图3的实施例中,传感器是扫描传感器,其根据扫描监视体积M的大小以及扫描体积与目标的非一致顶发射轮廓的交叉来检测随时间变化的顶发射。 [0028] In the embodiment of FIG. 3, the sensor is a scanning sensor, which emits a non-uniform cross-profile according to the size of the top scan monitor M and the volume to the target volume scanning to detect time varying top emission. 在替换实施例中, 图3的扫描传感器可以用具有静态监视体积(其可以与图3的体积M相同或者是对应于图3的监视体积45的体积)的连续传感器来替代,并且该限定目标可以代之以具有随时间变化的非一致顶发射轮廓。 In an alternative embodiment, FIG scanning sensor 3 may be a static monitored volumes replaced (which may be the same volume of M in FIG. 3 or corresponding to Figure 3 of the monitoring volume volume 45) of a continuous sensor, and which defines the target It may instead have non-uniform time varying a top emission profile. 在此实施例中,由于目标提供了被放置成远离该传感器但仍在该传感器的固定监视体积内的振荡顶辐射源,所以不需要进行扫描。 In this embodiment, since the goal of providing the sensor is placed away from the top, but still an oscillation monitoring radiation source fixed within the sensor volume, there is no need to scan. 该远程目标单元的辐射促使该传感器产生与其时间变化相对应的特征信号(例如,以振荡频率)。 Wherein the remote target signal radiation generated by the sensor unit causes its corresponding time (e.g., oscillation frequency). 在此实施例中,处理器50针对与与该目标源的时间变化相对应的简单稳定特征信号的特征信号内容偏差而对信号输出进行监视。 Wherein the content of simple and stable signal characteristics of the signal, the processor 50 for a time corresponding to the target and source in this embodiment monitors the deviation signal output. 这样的信号偏差指示介入对象通过占据该目标与该传感器的整体监视体积的交叉所限定的体积,已经阻挡了该传感器的该目标的视野。 Such a signal indicative of a deviation of the target by occupying the interventional object monitoring overall volume of the sensor cross-defined volume of the target has been blocking the vision sensor.

[0029] 如同之前的实施例一样,该目标比点源或小直径射束大,并且可以是人大小的或更大,这基于传感器和目标之间的距离提供了大的监视体积和受控的检测范围。 [0029] As with the previous embodiments, as the target than the large or small diameter beam point source, and may be human or larger size, which provides a large volume of monitoring and controlled distance between the sensor and the target based on detection range. 非一致的振荡辐射目标可以与图3的目标类似,并且可以具有一个或多个变化的发射器,诸如可被受控地加热以具有预定的随时间振荡的温度图案的一个或多个杆36。 Non-uniform oscillatory radiation may be similar to the target and the target of FIG. 3, and may have one or more variations of a transmitter, such as a controlled manner can be heated to a predetermined time having a temperature oscillation pattern or plurality of rods 36 . 可替换地,如图7中示意性图示的,该目标可以是处于恒定温度的杆80,如图7中示意性地图示的,其顶发射被传感器-目标轴线84内的不同温度的遮光板82交替地阻挡和不阻挡或者被“切”。 Alternatively, as schematically illustrated in 7, the target may be a constant temperature in the bars 80, as shown schematically illustrated, which is a top emission sensor - a light-shielding different temperatures within the target axis 84 alternately blocking plate 82 and not be blocked or "cut." 遮光板82通过任何适合的旋转或线性驱动机制在图7的实线位置和虚线位置之间来回移动。 The visor 82 by any suitable drive mechanism for rotary or linear movement back and forth between the solid line position and broken line position of FIG. 在一个实施例中,顶发射在遮光板处于实线位置时被完全阻挡,而在其它实施例中它被部分阻挡。 In one embodiment, a top emission light-shielding plate is completely blocked when the solid line position, while in other embodiments it is partially blocked. 在每种情况下,预定振荡顶辐射发射被该传感器单元看到并且可以被控制器在寻找指示发射路径中的变化时用作特征传感器输出温度轮廓。 In each case, radiation emission is predetermined oscillation top of the sensor unit and can be seen when looking at the controller indicates a change in the transmission path is used as a sensor output characteristic temperature profile.

[0030] 由于“射束”型传感器通常监视长且窄的体积,因此相应地设计其光学系统和检测器。 [0030] As the "beam" type sensors typically long and narrow surveillance volume, thus correspondingly designed optical system and the detector. 有限尺寸的检测器(即,不是“点”检测器)在与聚焦光学系统组合时,产生具有限定视场角度的非平行边缘的视场。 Finite size detector (i.e., not "point" detector) and the focusing optical system at the time of composition, having a field of view to generate a non-parallel edges defining a field of view angles. 由于该角度,视场的横截面积随着距该传感器的距离增加而连续地扩展,并且可以变得比要监视的实际空间的面积宽(诸如走廊或者建筑物周围的周界条带之上的体积)。 Due to this angle, the field of view of cross-sectional area with increasing distance from the sensor is continuously extended, and may become wider than the actual area of ​​the space to be monitored on the perimeter strip around (or building such as corridors volume of). 例如,一应用可能在距该传感器200m距离处要求1米宽的视场,这要求0. 3度的视场。 For example, an application may require a wide field of view at a distance of 200m from the sensor, which requires a field of view 0.3 °. 由于视场角度取决于检测器大小和光学系统焦距之间的比率,并且由于市场上的检测器典型地为至少1.0mm宽,所以使用200mm焦距来提供期望的视场。 Since the field of view angle depends on the ratio between the size of the detector and the optical system focal length, and on the market since the detector typically at least 1.0mm wide, 200mm focal length used to provide the desired field of view. 这样的窄射束MR传感器典型地被容纳在长纵横比的圆柱体或矩形棱柱中,并且利用其长轴在与要监视的体积的长轴相同的方向上进行定向,其通常是水平的。 Such a narrow beam of the MR sensor is typically housed in a cylindrical or rectangular prism longer aspect ratio, and with its long axis oriented in the long axis of the volume to be monitored in the same direction, which is generally horizontal. 然而,有时,包含用于监视窄体积的长焦距光学系统的长的水平定向的传感器单元可能是不期望的。 Sometimes, however, it comprises a horizontally long focal length optical system for monitoring a volume of a narrow orientation sensor unit may not be desirable. 例如,在住宅周围,水平定向的传感器可能类似高度安全的相机,并且因此产生比住宅的住户可能期望的更多的“安全安装”外貌。 For example, around the house, the sensor may be similar to a horizontally oriented high-security camera, and thus produce more than may be desirable residential households more "secure installation" appearance. 图8图示了具有垂直定向的光学系统的P^传感器120的实施例,其可以在上面所描述的任何红外运动传感器系统中或者诸如图1或图2的那些之类的已知PIR 传感器系统中被用作该P^传感器或这些P^传感器之一,其中期望的是传感器具有比其光学系统针对窄视场的所需焦距小的水平尺寸。 FIG 8 illustrates an embodiment having a vertically oriented sensor P ^ of the optical system 120, any system may be an infrared motion sensor as described above or as known in the PIR sensor system of FIG. 1 or FIG. 2 such that one is used as a sensor or sensors that P ^ P ^ those wherein it is desirable for a sensor having a narrow field of view a desired focal length smaller than the horizontal dimension of the optical system.

[0031] 图8的垂直定向的MR传感器设备120具有柱状的、通常为圆柱体的外部壳体83, 其具有在该壳体内部朝着其下端支撑且向上朝向的P^传感器85和基座支撑84。 Vertically oriented MR sensor device [0031] 120 of FIG. 8 has a cylindrical, outer housing 83 is generally cylindrical, having a housing in the inner support towards its lower end and upward toward the sensor 85 and the base P ^ support 84. 在该壳体前面提供了顶窗口或开口86,并且诸如反射镜88之类的光学设备在该壳体中以一角度朝向所述开口进行定位,用于通过某角度(例如,如图8中所图示,大约90度)对该传感器的视场89进行重定向,以提供水平轴线监视体积和长焦距的垂直轴线光学系统之间的接口。 In the front of the housing providing a window or a top opening 86, and an optical device such as a mirror or the like 88 in the housing at an angle towards the opening positioned for by an angle (e.g., FIG. 8 as illustrated, approximately 90 degrees) to redirect the field of view of the sensor 89 to provide an interface between a horizontal axis perpendicular to the optical axis and a system to monitor the volume of a long focal length. 继续考虑上面所提到的住宅示例,这允许窄视场MR传感器的设计,其没有水平定向的特征。 Residential continue to consider the example mentioned above, which allows the design of the narrow field of the MR sensor, which is not horizontally oriented features. 光学元件88提供了垂直至水平(传感器光学系统至监视体积)的接口。 The optical element 88 is provided perpendicular to the horizontal (the optical sensors to the monitoring system volume) interface. 在上面结合图3至7所描述的任何运动传感器系统中,一个或多个MR传感器设备120可以与一个或多个空间或时间非一致的目标一起使用。 Any motion sensor in the above system described in conjunction with FIG. 3-7, the 120 may be associated with one or more spaces or a plurality of MR sensors or devices for use with non-uniform time target. 多个垂直柱120可以在住宅周围布置而不对该住宅产生高度安全安装“外貌”。 A plurality of vertical posts 120 may be disposed around the house without causing the installation height safety "appearance" of the house.

[0032] 上面结合图3至8的实施例所描述的传感器/目标对的P^传感器单元也可以被修改为包括一个或多个附加类型的传感器或入侵检测器,以用于对已经引起P^运动检测的移动对象的类型提供更详细的确认。 Sensor [0032] The above embodiment in conjunction with FIGS. 3 to 8 described / P ^ certain sensor unit pair may also be modified to include one or more additional types of sensors or intrusion detector, which has been caused for P ^ type of moving object motion detection to provide more detailed confirmation. 图9A和9B图示了多个传感器单元90的一个实施例,其包括MR传感器92和相关联的光学元件93、可以是微波天线或多普勒(Doppler)单元的微波单元94以及相机95,所有这些都封闭在具有前壁97的适合外部壳体96中,所述前壁97具有与相机和P^传感器光学系统对准的窗口开口。 9A and 9B illustrate a plurality of sensor units 90 of the embodiment, which includes an MR sensor 92 and the associated optical element 93, the microwave unit may be a microwave antenna or Doppler (Doppler) unit 94 and a camera 95, all of which are enclosed in a suitable outer housing 96 having a front wall 97, a front wall 97 having a window with the camera system and an optical sensor P ^ aligned openings. 如图9A中所图示,遮阳板98 可以被安装在机壳或壳体96上方并且从前壁97向前延伸,其中该单元90意图用于户外使用。 As illustrated in FIG. 9A, the visor 98 may be mounted above the casing or housing 96 and extending forwardly from the front wall 97, wherein the unit 90 is intended for outdoor use. 该MR传感器可以是具有扫描元件99的扫描传感器,并且适合的顶控制电子装置100 和主电子装置或控制器电路102可以安装在壳体96内部。 The MR sensor may be a scanning element having a scanning sensor 99, and control electronics for the top 100 and the main electronic device or control circuit 102 may be mounted within the housing 96.

[0033] 有时,甚至是非常高质量的P^传感器也能够指示该应用不需要的运动种类。 [0033] Sometimes, even a very high quality P ^ sensors can also indicate that the application does not require the type of sport. 例如,P^周界传感器可能指示由于飞行通过其监视体积的鸟的运动。 For example, P ^ Indicates that the perimeter of the sensor may monitor the volume through which the flying bird movement. 为了提供对人而不是小动物或鸟类运动的更好的检测,图9A和9B的单元90将限定目标P^传感器与微波感测单元和相机进行组合,并且可以代替在图3至8的仅MR传感器单元中的任何而被使用。 In order to provide better detection of the person is not moving animals or birds, 9A and 9B, FIG 90 will define the target unit P ^ combined with the microwave sensor sensing unit and a camera, and may be substituted in FIGS. 3 to 8 MR is used only any sensor unit. 在替换实施例中,该单元90可以将P^传感器与一个附加感测单元进行组合,例如仅与微波单元或仅与相机。 In an alternative embodiment, the unit 90 may be P ^ one additional sensor sensing units are combined, for example, only the microwave unit or only the camera. 微波感测单元可以包括微波多普勒收发器、正交多普勒收发器(用于运动方向检测)、调频连续波(Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave, FMCW)收发器(用于运动范围检测),或者超宽带RADAR (也用于运动范围检测),或者其它类型的微波检测器单元。 Microwave sensing unit may include a microwave Doppler transceiver, the quadrature Doppler transceiver (for detecting the direction of movement), FMCW (Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave, FMCW) a transceiver (for detecting motion range), or ultrawideband the RADAR (also for the detection range of motion), or other types of microwave detection unit. 为了改进“飞鸟”的不必要运动指示的情形,可以由处理器结合微波和MR信号大小对微波运动范围信息进行解释,以便确定穿过该周界的移动对象是否太小以至于不是人入侵者。 In order to improve the situation "birds" unwanted movement indicated by the movement of the microwave range information can be explained in conjunction with a microwave and MR signal magnitude by a processor, to determine if a moving object passes through the perimeter intruders who are not too small . 如果所检测的移动对象被检测为非人,则不指示运动并且不生成警报。 If the moving object is detected by detecting a non-human, the motion is not indicated and does not generate an alarm.

[0034] 该相机可以是以IR、NIR和可见光波长的静止或视频相机,并且包括能够对移动对象的特性进行评估的图像处理软件。 [0034] The camera may be in the IR, NIR and visible wavelengths still or video camera, and includes image processing software capable of evaluating the characteristics of the moving object. 再次返回到消除“飞鸟”的不必要运动指示的任务, 这可以通过MR传感器首先检测运动,跟随有由固件结合MR信号特性对相机图像进行加权的过程(例如,关于对象形状)来完成。 Returning again to the task of eliminating "birds" indicative of unwanted movement, which can be moved by the MR sensor is detected first, followed by the process of the camera-weighted MR image signal by firmware binding characteristics (e.g., on the shape of the object) to complete. 可替换地,可以发送最初的MR运动指示,并且由远程人操作员进一步对相机图像进行评估以确定它是否为错误警报。 Alternatively, you can send the original MR movement instructions, and further evaluated by a remote camera image people operator to determine whether it was a false alarm. 在任一种情况下,结果都是不将鸟作为任何进一步动作的指示器。 In either case, the result is not to birds as an indicator of any further action. 为了满足要求最为严格的应用,如图9A和9B 中所图示的,限定目标MR传感器与微波系统和相机这二者进行组合。 In order to meet the most demanding applications, 9A and 9B as illustrated, defining both the target MR sensor and microwave systems and camera combination. 在此情况下,由于微波范围信息、P^信号特性和相机图像大小都可以被组合以产生与移动对象的大小和其它特性有关的确定性信息,所以“飞鸟”的不必要运动指示甚至可以更为容易地被防止。 In this case, since the microwave range information, P ^ signal characteristics, and a camera image size may be combined to produce deterministic information relating to the size and other characteristics of moving objects, so the "birds" indicative of unwanted movement or even more It is easily prevented.

[0035] 图10图示了更适合于室内使用的组合的MR传感器、微波传感器和相机单元110。 [0035] FIG. 10 illustrates a more suitable for indoor use in the compositions of the MR sensor, microwave sensor 110 and the camera unit. 该单元具有外部壳体或机壳112,其具有拱形前壁113,前壁113具有与该壳体内部的迷你PCB (印刷电路板)相机115对准的相机窗口114,以及与顶扫描单元117对准的顶窗口116,所述扫描单元117包括该壳体内部的MR传感器。 The unit has an outer housing or shell 112, which has an arcuate front wall 113, front wall 113 has a mini-PCB and the inner housing (printed circuit board) alignment camera 115 camera window 114, a scanning unit and a top 117 aligned top window 116, the scanning unit 117 includes the inner housing of the MR sensor. 微波多普勒单元118也可以安装在该壳体内部。 Microwave Doppler unit 118 may also be mounted inside the housing. 每个传感器单元被适合地链接到控制器,所述控制器用于监视和处理各种传感器输出以标识移动对象的入侵,以及该对象的大小和其它特性以便排除非人入侵。 Each sensor unit is suitably linked to a controller for monitoring and processing a variety of sensor outputs to identify the moving object intrusion, and the size and other characteristics of the non-human subject so as to exclude invasion.

[0036] 提供了对所公开实施例的上面描述以使得本领域任何技术人员能够制造或使用本发明。 [0036] The above provides a description of the disclosed embodiments to enable any person skilled in this art to make or use the present invention. 对这些实施例的各种修改对于本领域技术人员而言将是容易显而易见的,并且本文所描述的一般性原则在不背离本发明的精神或范围的情况下可以被应用于其它实施例。 Various modifications to these embodiments those skilled in the art will be readily apparent, and the generic principles described herein without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention may be applied to other embodiments. 因此,所要理解的是,本文所呈现的描述和附图表示本发明目前的优选实施例,并且因此表示本发明宽泛预期的主题。 Thus, it is understood that the description and drawings presented herein represent a presently preferred embodiment of the present invention, and thus the present invention represents broadly contemplated subject matter. 要进一步理解的是,本发明的范围完全包含可能对本领域技术人员而言变得显而易见的其它实施例,并且本发明的范围因此而是由所附权利要求来限定。 It is further understood that the scope of the present invention may comprise entirely to those skilled in the art will become apparent that other embodiments and that the scope of the present invention is therefore rather defined by the appended claims.

Claims (40)

1. 一种红外运动传感器系统,其包括:传感器单元,其至少包括具有预定视场的第一红外(IR)运动传感器; 在所述第一传感器的视场内定位在距所述第一传感器预定距离处的至少第一目标,所述第一目标在第一方向上发射非一致图案的顶辐射;和处理器,其随时间监视传感器输出信号以确定定期性当前传感器输出温度轮廓,将每个当前传感器输出温度轮廓和与由所述第一目标发射的非一致图案的顶辐射相对应的特征输出温度轮廓进行比较,以及在检测到所述当前传感器输出温度轮廓和所述特征输出温度轮廓之间的变化时提供警报输出。 1. An infrared motion sensor system, comprising: a sensor unit having at least comprising (IR) Infrared motion sensor a first predetermined field of view; from the first sensor positioned in the field of view of the first sensor at least a first predetermined distance from the target, the first target in a first direction of the top-emitting non-coherent radiation pattern; and a processor, which monitors the sensor output signals to determine the periodic time of the temperature profile of the current sensor output, each a current sensor outputs and a top temperature profile with a non-uniform pattern of radiation emitted by the first target output corresponding to a characteristic temperature profile is compared, and the detected current sensor output characteristic of the output of the temperature profile and the temperature profile It provides alarm output changes between.
2.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述第一目标发射恒定的空间非一致图案的顶辐射。 2. The system according to claim 1, wherein said first radiation target transmit top constant spatial non-uniform pattern.
3.如权利要求2所述的系统,其中所述第一目标具有不同材料的区域,所述不同材料具有不同的顶发射率。 The system according to claim 2, wherein said first target regions having different materials, the different materials with different emissivity top.
4.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述第一目标具有时间非一致的顶发射图案。 4. The system according to claim 1, wherein the first target having a non-uniform top emission time pattern.
5.如权利要求4所述的系统,其中所述第一目标具有随时间振荡的温度。 5. The system of claim 4, wherein the first target has a temperature of oscillation over time.
6.如权利要求4所述的系统,其中所述第一目标包括恒定温度目标构件、所述目标构件和传感器之间的目标遮蔽构件,以及使得所述构件之一相对于另一构件进行交互的驱动设备,由此所述目标构件的顶辐射被所述目标遮蔽构件交替地阻挡和不阻挡以产生时间非一致的顶发射。 6. The system of claim 4, wherein the first target comprises a target constant temperature between the target member, the shielding member and the sensor target member, and such that one of said interaction member relative to the other member drive apparatus, whereby a top member of the target by the target radiation shielding member alternately blocking and not blocking time to produce a non-uniform top emission.
7.如权利要求1所述的系统,还包括扫描驱动设备,其横跨比所述视场大的监视体积反复地扫描所述第一传感器的视场,所述第一目标定位在总监视体积内。 7. The system according to claim 1, further comprising a scan drive apparatus across the field of view larger than the volume of the monitoring repeatedly scanning the field of view of the first sensor, the first target is positioned at the upper monitoring internal volume.
8.如权利要求7所述的系统,其中所述视场在距所述目标预定距离处具有在大小方面至少等于普通成年人的近似大小的横向横截面积。 8. The system according to claim 7, wherein said field of view at least equal in size with the size of the transverse cross-sectional area approximately the average adult at a predetermined distance away from said target.
9.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述第一目标的大小至少等于普通成年人的近似大小。 9. The system according to claim 1, wherein the size of the first object is at least approximately equal to the average adult size.
10.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述第一目标包括至少两个间隔开的垂直定向的不同材料的杆,所述不同材料具有不同的顶发射率。 10. The system according to claim 1, wherein the first target comprises at least two spaced-apart rods vertically oriented in different materials, the different materials with different emissivity top.
11.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述第一目标具有矩形形状并且在所述传感器和目标之间限定了棱锥体形状的监视体积。 11. The system according to claim 1, wherein the first target has a rectangular shape and is defined between the sensor and the monitoring target volume of a pyramid shape.
12.如权利要求1所述的系统,还包括多个传感器/目标对,每对包括传感器和距所述传感器预定距离处的目标,所述传感器/目标对被定位成在监视区域周围形成虚拟围栏。 12. The system according to claim 1, further comprising a plurality of sensor / target pair, each pair comprising a sensor and a sensor at a predetermined distance from said target, said sensor / target pair is positioned to form a monitoring region around the virtual fence.
13.如权利要求1所述的系统,包括第一和第二间隔开的交互传感器/目标单元,所述第一传感器/目标单元包括第一传感器和在所述第一传感器上方垂直地间隔开的第二目标,所述第二目标在与所述第一方向相反的第二方向上发射非一致的顶辐射图案,并且所述第二传感器/目标单元包括所述第一目标和在所述第一目标上方垂直地间隔开并且具有包括所述第二目标的视场的第二顶传感器,所述第一传感器朝向所述第二方向以接收由所述第一目标在所述第一方向上发射的顶辐射,所述第二传感器朝向所述第一方向以接收由所述第二目标在所述第二方向上发射的顶辐射。 13. The system according to claim 1, comprising first and second spaced-apart sensor interaction / destination unit, the first sensor / target unit comprises a first sensor and a vertically spaced above the first sensor opening second target, the second target non-uniform top emission radiation pattern in a second direction opposite the first direction, and the second sensor / target cell comprising the first target and the a first vertically spaced above the target and a second field of view including a top sensor of the second object, said second direction towards the first sensor to be received by the first target in the first direction a top radiation emitted upward, the second direction towards the first sensor to receive emitted by said second object on top of the second radiation direction.
14.如权利要求13所述的系统,其中所述第一和第二交互传感器/目标单元包括虚拟围栏的一段。 14. The system according to claim 13, wherein said first and second sensor interaction / virtual object unit comprising a length of the fence.
15.如权利要求14所述的系统,包括以形成围栏段的预定图案布置以便监视预定区域的多个交互传感器/目标单元。 15. The system according to claim 14, comprising forming a predetermined pattern fence segments are arranged so as to monitor a predetermined area of ​​the plurality of interaction sensors / target cell.
16.如权利要求15所述的系统,其中所述交互传感器/目标单元首尾衔接地定位以形成矩形围栏。 16. The system according to claim 15, wherein the interaction sensor / object units positioned end to end engagement to form a rectangular enclosure.
17.如权利要求15所述的系统,其中至少两个传感器/目标单元被定位成形成彼此交叉以形成X形状的段。 17. The system according to claim 15, wherein the at least two sensor / target cell is positioned to form cross each other to form an X-shaped section.
18.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述目标在通常垂直的方向上延伸,并且多个垂直地间隔开的传感器被定位成朝向所述目标,所述垂直地间隔开的传感器限定了具有与所述目标的垂直长度基本相等的长度的传感器行。 18. The system according to claim 1, wherein said target extends in a generally vertical direction, and a plurality of vertically spaced sensors are located towards the target, said vertically spaced apart defining a sensor It has a vertical length substantially equal to the target length of the sensor row.
19.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述传感器单元具有垂直定向的外部壳体,其具有下端和上端;与所述壳体的上端相邻的朝向所述目标的顶传送窗口;在所述壳体内部更靠近所述壳体的下端而不是所述壳体的上端的位置处安装的向上朝向的顶传感器元件;以及所述壳体内部朝向所述窗口和所述传感器元件的光学元件,并且所述光学元件被配置成把顶辐射从所述目标引导到所述传感器元件上。 Top transmit window adjacent the upper end of the housing toward the target;; 19. The system according to claim 1, wherein said sensor unit having a vertically oriented outer housing having an upper end and a lower end in the inner housing is closer to the lower end of the housing rather than the top of the sensor element at a position upwardly toward the upper end of the mounting housing; and towards the inside of the window and the housing of the optical sensor element element, and the optical element is configured to convert the radiation from the top of the target to the sensor element.
20.如权利要求19所述的系统,其中所述外部壳体包括通常类似柱的形状的垂直定向的圆柱体。 20. The system according to claim 19, wherein said outer housing comprises a vertically oriented generally cylindrical shape similar to the column.
21.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述传感器单元还包括至少一个附加的不同类型的传感器。 21. The system according to claim 1, wherein said sensor unit further comprises at least one additional different types of sensors.
22.如权利要求21所述的系统,其中所述附加传感器包括相机。 22. The system according to claim 21, wherein said additional sensor comprises a camera.
23.如权利要求21所述的系统,其中所述附加传感器包括微波感测设备。 23. The system according to claim 21, wherein said additional sensor comprises a microwave sensing device.
24.如权利要求21所述的系统,其中所述传感器单元具有两个附加传感器,其包括微波感测设备和相机。 24. The system according to claim 21, wherein the sensor unit has two additional sensors, comprising a microwave sensing device and a camera.
25.如权利要求21所述的系统,其中所述传感器单元具有外部壳体和安装在所述壳体内部的所述传感器和处理器。 25. The system according to claim 21, wherein said outer housing having a sensor unit and a sensor and a processor mounted in the interior of the housing.
26.如权利要求23所述的系统,其中所述微波感测设备选自由下列构成的组:微波多普勒收发器、调频连续波(FMCW)收发器和超宽带雷达。 26. The system according to claim 23, wherein said microwave sensing device selected from the group consisting of: a microwave Doppler transceiver, frequency modulated continuous wave (the FMCW) and ultra-wideband radar transceiver.
27.如权利要求21所述的系统,其中所述处理器监视两个传感器的输出。 27. The system according to claim 21, wherein said processor monitors the output of the two sensors.
28.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述顶运动传感器是无源红外(P^)运动传感器。 28. The system according to claim 1, wherein said top is a passive infrared motion sensor (P ^) motion sensors.
29.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述处理器被配置成产生传感器破坏信号输出,其在检测到由所述顶运动传感器接收的顶辐射输入的实质性减少或消除时指示对所述传感器的阻挡。 29. The indication of a system according to claim 1, wherein said processor is configured to generate a sensor output signal is destroyed, which reduces or eliminates the radiation at the top of the substantive input is detected is received by the motion sensor top said barrier sensor.
30.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述目标的至少一部分包括至少一个受保护对象, 由此所述受保护对象的移除产生了由所述第一目标发射的非一致辐射图案的改变,并且警报输出指示所述目标和传感器单元之间的所述受保护对象的移除或个体的移动。 30. The system according to claim 1, wherein at least a portion of the target by including at least one protected object, whereby said object by removal of the protective produces non-uniform radiation pattern emitted by the first target change, and between the output of the alarm indicating the target and the sensor unit is moved or removed by the individual protected object.
31. 一种检测监视区域中的入侵的方法,其包括:接收具有监视体积的红外(IR)传感器的输出,所述监视体积包括距所述传感器预定距离处的目标,所述目标具有空间或时间非一致的顶发射图案;对所述顶传感器的输出进行处理以产生非一致顶发射目标的特征温度轮廓;随时间监视所述顶传感器的输出并且将每个监视到的输出信号轮廓与所述特征温度轮廓进行比较以检测由于在到达所述传感器之前所述目标顶发射图案的中断或者由于所述目标的改变而引起的来自所述特征温度轮廓的任何变化;如果所监视到的输出信号轮廓不同于所述特征温度轮廓则提供警报输出。 31. A method for detecting intrusion in a monitored region, comprising: receiving an infrared output having a monitoring volume (IR) sensor, the monitor includes a target volume at a predetermined distance from said sensor, said space having a certain or time non-uniform emission pattern of a top; top of the sensor output is processed to produce a non-uniform temperature profile wherein the top emission target; time monitoring the output of the sensor and the top of each monitored profile and the output signal wherein said temperature profile is compared to detect the interruption or any change in the temperature profile of the feature from the target due to a change caused in the sensor prior to reaching the target top emission pattern; if the monitored output signal wherein the temperature profile different from the profile provides an alarm output.
32.如权利要求31所述的方法,还包括在所述监视体积上反复扫描所述传感器,所述传感器具有比所述监视体积小的固定视场。 32. The method of claim 31, further comprising repeatedly scanning the sensor in the monitor volume, the sensor having a smaller volume than the monitoring of the fixed field of view.
33.如权利要求31所述的方法,还包括使得所述目标的顶发射输出随时间振荡,由此所述目标的顶发射图案是时间非一致的并且所述特征温度轮廓包括所述目标特征发射图案随时间的标准振荡,并且检测当前传感器输出信号和所述特征温度轮廓之间的变化的步骤包括检测来自振荡特征发射图案的变化。 33. The method according to claim 31, further comprising a top emission such that the target output oscillation with time, whereby a top emission pattern of the target time and the characteristic non-uniform temperature profile includes the target feature emission pattern with the standard time of oscillation and detecting a change between a current sensor output signal and the characteristic temperature profile comprises the step of detecting a change in the oscillation characteristics from the emission pattern.
34.如权利要求31所述的方法,还包括在要监视的区域的周界周围放置多个顶传感器和目标对以形成虚拟围栏,并且监视所有的顶传感器的输出以检测至所述区域中的任何入侵。 34. The method according to claim 31, further comprising placing around the perimeter of the area to be monitored for a plurality of top sensors and the target to form a virtual fence, and monitors all outputs to the top of the sensor to detect the region any invasion.
35.如权利要求31所述的方法,还包括以预定间隔定位第一和第二传感器/目标单元, 每个传感器/目标单元包括传感器和目标,所述第一传感器/目标单元具有第一目标和在所述第一目标上方垂直地间隔开并且朝向第一方向的第二传感器,而所述第二传感器/目标单元具有定位在所述第二传感器的监视体积内的第二目标和在所述第二目标上方垂直地间隔开的第一传感器,所述第一目标定位在所述第一传感器的监视体积中,并且所述第二传感器/目标单元朝向与所述第一方向相反的第二方向,对所述第一传感器的输出信号进行处理以产生非一致顶发射第一目标的第一特征温度轮廓,对所述第二传感器的输出信号进行处理以产生非一致顶发射第二目标的第二特征温度轮廓,随时间监视所述第一和第二顶传感器的输出并且将每个监视到的输出信号轮廓分别与第 35. The method according to claim 31, further comprising positioning at predetermined intervals first and second sensor / object unit, each sensor / sensor and the target object unit comprises a first sensor / target cell having a first target and vertically spaced above the first target opening and the second sensor in the first direction and the second sensor / target unit having a monitor positioned within the volume of the second sensor and the second target in the said second vertically spaced above the target apart from the first sensor, positioned in the first monitoring target volume of the first sensor and the second sensor / target cell direction opposite to the first direction of second direction, the first sensor output signal is processed to produce a non-uniform temperature profile wherein a first top-emission of the first target, the second output signal of the sensor is processed to produce a second non-uniform top emission target a second characteristic temperature profile, and the first time monitoring the output of the second sensor and the top of each monitored output signals, respectively, and the second profile 和第二特征温度轮廓进行比较,以检测来自第一和第二特征温度轮廓的任何变化,其指示在到达所述传感器之前所述目标顶发射图案的中断。 And comparing a second characteristic temperature profile, to detect any change from the first and second characteristic temperature profile, indicating that the target top emission pattern interrupted before reaching the sensor.
36.如权利要求35所述的方法,还包括如果所监视到的第一和第二传感器这二者的输出信号分别不同于对应的第一和第二特征温度轮廓则提供警报输出,并且如果仅一个监视到的输出信号不同于对应的特征温度轮廓则不提供警报输出。 36. The method according to claim 35, further comprising, if the first and second output signals of this sensor to monitor both are different from the corresponding first and second temperature characteristic profile providing an alert output, and if only the output signal of a monitored temperature profile is different from the corresponding features of the alarm output is not provided.
37.如权利要求35所述的方法,还包括定位多个第一和第二传感器/目标单元以形成围绕要监视的区域的虚拟围栏的接续段。 37. The method of claim 35, further comprising positioning a plurality of first and second sensor / target cell to form an area around the connecting sections to be monitored virtual fence.
38.如权利要求37所述的方法,还包括在横跨所述区域延伸的第一线的相对端处定位第一和第二传感器/目标单元,并且在与第一线交叉以形成X形状的第二线的相对端处定位附加的第一和第二传感器/目标对。 38. The method according to claim 37, further comprising positioning the first and second sensor / target cell across the opposite end of the first line of the region extending and intersecting with the first lines to form an X-shape opposite end of the second line of the first and second additional positioning sensor / target pair.
39.如权利要求31所述的方法,还包括提供传感器破坏信号输出,其在检测到由所述IR运动传感器接收的顶辐射输入的实质性减少或消除时指示对所述传感器的阻挡。 39. The method of claim 31, further comprising providing a sensor output signal destruction, which reduces or eliminates blocking indication when the sensor detects the substantial received by the IR motion sensor in the top of the input radiation.
40.如权利要求31所述的方法,还包括提供至少一个受保护对象以作为所述目标的至少一部分,由此所述受保护对象的移除产生了由所述目标发射的非一致辐射图案的改变, 并且警报输出指示在所述目标和传感器单元之间的受保护对象的移除或个体的移动。 40. The method according to claim 31, further comprising providing at least a portion of the at least one protected object as the target, thereby to remove the protected object produces non-uniform pattern of radiation emitted by the target change, and the alarm output indicates movement or removal of the individual protected object between the receiving unit and the sensor target.
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