CN102471733A - Detergent composition - Google Patents

Detergent composition Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102471733A
CN102471733A CN2010800337212A CN201080033721A CN102471733A CN 102471733 A CN102471733 A CN 102471733A CN 2010800337212 A CN2010800337212 A CN 2010800337212A CN 201080033721 A CN201080033721 A CN 201080033721A CN 102471733 A CN102471733 A CN 102471733A
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alkyl
composition
salt
anionic surfactant
counterion
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CN2010800337212A
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Chinese (zh)
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H·区
V·M·阿雷唐多
刘森
汤鸣
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宝洁公司
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Priority to US61/228680 priority
Application filed by 宝洁公司 filed Critical 宝洁公司
Priority to PCT/US2010/041948 priority patent/WO2011016958A2/en
Publication of CN102471733A publication Critical patent/CN102471733A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/26Organic compounds containing nitrogen
    • C11D3/30Amines; Substituted amines ; Quaternized amines
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds

Abstract

The invention discloses a solid detergent composition having the salt of an anionic surfactant and of a monopropanolamine counterion.

Description

洗涤剂组合物 Detergent composition

发明领域 Field of the Invention

[0001] 本发明涉及固体洗涤剂组合物,所述组合物包含阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子(尤其是单丙醇胺抗衡离子)的盐。 [0001] The present invention relates to a solid detergent composition, said composition comprising an anionic surfactant and alkyl amine counterions (especially monopropanolamine counter ion).

[0002] 发明背景 [0002] Background of the Invention

[0003] 固体洗涤剂组合物通常包含阴离子去污表面活性剂。 [0003] The solid detergent composition typically comprises anionic detersive surfactant. 表面活性剂在洗涤剂组合物中发挥许多作用,如所述组合物的清洁作用和起泡作用。 Surfactants play a role in many detergent compositions, cleaning compositions and the effect of effervescence.

[0004] 常用于洗涤剂中的许多阴离子表面活性剂是盐。 [0004] Many commonly used in the detergent anionic surfactant is a salt. 化学领域中通常将盐定义为由酸和碱的中和反应形成的产物。 The product formed in the chemical arts generally defined as salts of acids and bases in the neutralization reaction. 盐是由阳离子(带正电的离子)和阴离子(负离子)组成, 使得产物为电中性(无净电荷)的化合物。 Salts are cationic (positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions), with the product so that the compound is electrically neutral (no net charge) of. 存在若干类型的盐。 There are several types of salts. 当溶于水时产生氢氧根离子的盐是碱性盐,而在水中产生水合氢离子的盐是酸性盐。 Salts of hydroxide ions when dissolved in water is a basic salt, the salt water is generated hydronium ions is an acidic salt. 中性盐是不为酸性或碱性盐的那些。 Neutral salts are those not acidic or basic salts. 两性离子在同一分子中包含阴离子中心和阳离子中心,但不被认为是盐。 Zwitterionic and cationic center containing anionic centers in the same molecule, but is not considered a salt. 实例包括氨基酸、许多代谢物、肽和蛋白质。 Examples include amino acids, many metabolites, peptides and proteins. 当盐溶于水中时,它们被称为电解质。 When the salt is dissolved in water, they are referred to the electrolyte.

[0005] 当制得阴离子表面活性剂时,它们通常是酸性的。 [0005] When prepared by anionic surfactants, which are generally acidic. 酸通常用苛性碱(NaOH)中和。 Acid usually with caustic (NaOH) and. 酸和苛性碱形成表面活性剂钠盐。 Acid and caustic formed a sodium salt surfactant. 来自苛性碱的钠阳离子通常被称为表面活性剂阴离子的“抗衡离子”。 Sodium cations from the caustic is generally referred anionic surfactant "counterion." 为了溶解并稳定这些表面活性剂以供运输和进一步处理,通常加入水和其它溶剂。 In order to dissolve and stabilize these surfactants for transport and further processing, typically added to water and other solvents. 所述溶液包含具有所述抗衡离子的阴离子表面活性剂盐或电解质。 The solution comprises an anionic surfactant or an electrolyte salt having the counter ion. 包含表面活性剂以及可能的溶剂的溶液可被称为“糊剂”,所述溶剂不包含洗涤剂附加成分。 Comprising a surfactant and possibly a solvent solution may be referred to as a "paste", said solvent does not contain additional detergent ingredients. 通常附加的水和其它溶剂也包含于最终洗涤剂组合物中。 Additional usually also contain water and other solvents in the final detergent composition.

[0006] 本发明人已发现,用钠抗衡离子中和的阴离子表面活性剂在起泡有益效果方面仍可被改善。 [0006] The present inventors have found that a sodium counter ion and the anionic surfactant in the bubble aspects beneficial effects can still be improved. 具体地讲,需要增加可由洗涤剂组合物产生的泡沫量。 In particular, it is necessary to increase the amount of foam generated by the detergent composition. 还需要改善泡沫里程和泡沫产生速度。 Also we need to improve mileage foam and foam generating speed. 应优选改善起泡有益效果,而不显著影响所述洗涤剂组合物的漂洗特征和/或清洁有益效果。 Foaming should preferably be improved beneficial effect, without significantly affecting the detergent composition wherein the rinsing and / or cleaning benefits. 还需要固定表面活性剂盐的溶解率。 It is also necessary to fix the rate of dissolution of the surfactant salt.

[0007] 本发明人已惊奇地发现,通过使用洗涤剂组合物,具体地讲通过使用包含少量一种或多种助洗剂和/或一种或多种表面活性剂的洗涤剂组合物,可至少部分地解决上述一个或多个要求,所述表面活性剂包含阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐,具体地讲包含阴离子表面活性剂和单丙醇胺抗衡离子的盐。 [0007] The present inventors have surprisingly found that, by using a detergent composition, in particular comprising a small amount by the use of one or more builders and / or detergent composition comprising one or more surfactants, may be at least partially address one or more of the above claims, the surfactant comprises an anionic surfactant and a salt of an alkyl amine counterions, in particular a salt comprising an anionic surfactant and a counterion monopropanolamine.

[0008] 发明概述 [0008] Summary of the Invention

[0009] 本发明涉及固体洗涤剂组合物,所述组合物包含阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐,所述洗涤剂组合物包含小于10%的一种或多种磷酸盐助洗剂和一种或多种硅铝酸盐助洗剂,和/或所述洗涤剂组合物包含小于15%的一种或多种表面活性剂和/或阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐,包括阴离子表面活性剂与单丙醇胺抗衡离子的盐。 [0009] The present invention relates to a solid detergent composition, said composition comprising an anionic salt surfactant and alkyl amine counterions, the detergent composition comprises one or more less than 10% of phosphate builder Wash agent and one or more aluminosilicate builder, and / or the detergent composition comprises less than 15% of one or more surfactants and / or anionic surfactants and alkyl amine counterions salts, anionic surfactants include salts with counterions monopropanolamine.

[0010] 根据本发明的示例性实施方案,本发明涉及固体洗涤剂组合物,所述组合物包含阴离子表面活性剂和单丙醇胺抗衡离子的盐。 [0010] According to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the present invention relates to a solid detergent composition, said composition comprising an anionic surfactant and a salt counterion monopropanolamine.

[0011] 根据本发明的示例性实施方案,本发明涉及固体洗涤剂组合物,所述组合物包含小于10%的一种或多种磷酸盐助洗剂和一种或多种硅铝酸盐助洗剂并且包含阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐。 [0011] According to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the present invention relates to solid detergent compositions, the combination of one or more of phosphate builder, and one or more aluminosilicate composition comprises less than 10% builder salt and comprises an anionic surfactant and alkyl amine counterions.

3[0012] 根据本发明的示例性实施方案,本发明涉及固体洗涤剂组合物,所述组合物包含小于15%的一种或多种表面活性剂并且包含阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐。 3 [0012] According to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the present invention relates to a solid detergent composition, said composition comprising one or more surfactants and containing less than 15% of an anionic surfactant and alkyl amine counterion of salt ions.

[0013] 通常,所述组合物为颗粒形式或片剂形式。 [0013] Generally, the composition is in the form of granules or tablet.

[0014] 发明详述 [0014] DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0015] 本发明的固体洗涤剂组合物包含至少一种阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子(尤其是单丙醇胺抗衡离子)的盐。 [0015] The solid detergent composition of the present invention comprises at least one salt and alkylamine surfactant counterions (especially monopropanolamine counterion) anion. 所述洗涤剂组合物可包含至少0.1重量%,或0.2重量%,或0. 3重量%,具体地讲0. 4重量%至90重量%,通常0. 45重量%至10重量%,或0. 5重量%至5重量%的阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐。 The detergent composition may comprise at least 0.1 wt%, or 0.2%, or 0.3 wt%, in particular 0.4 wt% to 90 wt%, typically 0.45 wt% to 10 wt%, or 0.5 wt.% to 5 wt% of an anionic surfactant and alkyl amine salt counterions.

[0016] 所述洗涤剂组合物可包含至少0. 1重量%,或0. 2重量%,或0. 3重量%,具体地讲0. 4重量%至90重量%,通常0. 45重量%至10重量%,或0. 5重量%至5重量%的阴离子表面活性剂和单丙醇胺抗衡离子的盐。 [0016] The detergent composition may comprise at least 0.1 wt%, or 0.2 wt%, or 0.3 wt%, in particular 0.4 wt% to 90 wt%, typically 0.45 wt. % to 10 wt%, or from 0.5 wt% to 5 wt% of an anionic surfactant and a salt counterion monopropanolamine.

[0017] 在本发明的洗涤剂组合物中,阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐(一种或多种)与阴离子表面活性剂盐(一种或多种)总量的比率可为介于0.01和1之间,具体地讲介于0. 02和0. 9之间,并且通常介于0. 03和0. 3之间,或介于0. 05和0. 2之间,或甚至介于0. 07和0. 13之间。 [0017] In the detergent compositions of the present invention, the ratio of the anionic salt (s) alkylamine surfactants and the total amount of counterions anionic surfactant salt (s) may be It is between 0.01 and 1, in particular between 0.02 and 0.9, and typically between 0.03 and 0.3, or between 0.05 and 0.2 between , or even between 0.07 and 0.13.

[0018] 在本发明的洗涤剂组合物中,阴离子表面活性剂和单丙醇胺抗衡离子的盐(一种或多种)与阴离子表面活性剂盐(一种或多种)总量的比率可介于0.01和1之间,具体地讲可介于0. 02和0. 9之间,并且通常介于0. 03和0. 3之间,或介于0. 05和0. 2之间,或甚至介于0. 07和0. 13之间。 [0018] In the detergent compositions of the present invention, the ratio of the salt (s) and anionic surfactant counterions monopropanolamine the total amount of anionic surfactant salt (s) can be between 0.01 and 1, in particular be between 0.02 and 0.9, and typically between 0.03 and 0.3, or between 0.05 and 0.2 of between, or even between 0.07 and 0.13.

[0019] 阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐包含可一起成盐的任何阴离子表面活性剂和任何烷基胺抗衡离子,优选任何单丙醇胺抗衡离子。 [0019] anionic salt surfactant and alkyl amine counterions comprises as with any anionic surfactant salt and any alkyl amine counterion, preferably any monopropanolamine counterion. 烷基胺抗衡离子和阴离子表面活性剂优选地选自下文公开的那些。 Alkyl amine counterions and anionic surfactants are preferably selected from those disclosed below.

[0020] 烷基胺抗衡离子 [0020] alkylamine counterion

[0021] 如本文所用,术语烷基胺抗衡离子是指包含至少一个碳原子和胺的抗衡离子。 [0021] As used herein, the term refers to alkyl amine counterions counter ion comprising at least one carbon atom and an amine. 当它们中和阴离子表面活性剂时,烷基胺形成所述分子的阳离子共轭酸。 When they are neutralized anionic surfactant, an alkyl amine cation of the conjugate acid molecule is formed. 该阳离子可被适当地称为“烷基铵”抗衡离子,然而为方便起见,将使用术语“烷基胺”或“烷基胺抗衡离子”以用于本公开的目的。 The cation may suitably be referred to as "alkyl ammonium" counterion, but for convenience, the term "alkyl amine" or "counterion alkylamine" for purposes of the present disclosure.

[0022] 所述烷基胺抗衡离子优选包含至少2个,或甚至至少3个碳原子。 [0022] The counter ion is preferably an alkyl amine comprises at least two, or even at least 3 carbon atoms. 所述烷基胺抗衡离子可包含4个或5个或更多个碳原子,并且通常将包含3个碳原子。 The counterion may include alkyl amine 4 or 5 or more carbon atoms, and typically will contain 3 carbon atoms.

[0023] 所述烷基胺抗衡离子优选包含羟基取代基。 [0023] The counter ion is preferably an alkyl amine comprising a hydroxyl substituent group. 烷基胺抗衡离子的实例包括单乙醇胺(MEA)、胆碱和丙醇胺抗衡离子。 Examples of alkyl amine counterions include monoethanolamine (MEA), choline and propanolamine counterion.

[0024] [0024]

Figure CN102471733AD00041

[0025] 所述烷基胺抗衡离子优选为丙醇胺抗衡离子。 [0025] The alkylamine preferably propanolamine counterion counterion. 如本文所用,术语“丙醇胺”仅是指“单丙醇胺”。 As used herein, the term "alcohol-amine" refers only to "monopropanolamine." 当它们中和阴离子表面活性剂时,丙醇胺形成所述分子的阳离子共轭酸。 When they are neutralized anionic surfactant, the cationic form of the propanolamine conjugate acid molecule. 该阳离子可被适当地称为“丙醇铵”抗衡离子,然而为方便起见,将使用术语“丙醇胺”或“丙醇胺抗衡离子”以用于本公开的目的。 The cation may suitably be referred to as "alcohol ammonium" counterion, but for convenience, the term "alcohol-amine" or "counterion propanolamine" for purposes of the present disclosure. 如本文所用,“丙醇胺抗衡离子”或为离子情况下使用的术语“丙醇胺”是指丙醇胺的阳离子共轭酸。 As used herein, "propanolamine counterion" is an ionic or terms when used "propanolamine" refers propanolamine cationic conjugate acid. 本公开的实施方案中适用作抗衡离子的优选的丙醇胺包括2-氨基-1-丙醇(“2AP”)、一异丙醇胺(“MIPA”或“1-氨基-2-丙醇”) 和1-氨基-3-丙醇。 Embodiments of the present disclosure are suitable as counterions Preferred amines include 2-amino-propanol 1-propanol ( "2AP"), monoisopropanolamine ( "MIPA" or "1-amino-2-propanol ") and 1-amino-3-propanol. [0026] [0026]

Figure CN102471733AD00051

[0027] 通常,丙醇胺选自2ΑΡ、ΜΙΡΑ、以及它们的组合。 [0027] Generally, propanolamine selected 2ΑΡ, ΜΙΡΑ, and combinations thereof. 具体地讲,所述丙醇胺为2ΑΡ。 Specifically, the propanolamine is 2ΑΡ.

[0028] 2ΑΡ可由甘油制得,甘油是由天然可再生资源制成的给料。 [0028] 2ΑΡ prepared by glycerol, glycerol is made from natural renewable resources feed. 其它抗衡离子如MEA和MIPA来源于不可再生的石油。 MEA and other counter ions such as derived from non-renewable petroleum MIPA. 此外,由于它来源于油,MEA和MIPA的价格取决于油的价格, 而2ΑΡ则不然。 In addition, because it is derived from the price of oil, MEA and MIPA depend on the price of oil, and 2ΑΡ not.

[0029] 2ΑΡ可以两种对映体形式存在。 [0029] 2ΑΡ may exist in two enantiomeric forms. 将甘油转变成2ΑΡ,可提供R和S异构体的外消旋混合物,或也可通过选择适当的手性催化剂配体技术使其为单一的对映体。 Glycerol into 2ΑΡ, provide R and S racemic mixture of isomers, or it may be a single enantiomer by selecting an appropriate chiral catalyst ligand techniques.

[0030] 阴离子表面活件剂 [0030] The anionic surface active agents member

[0031] 为阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐的一部分的阴离子表面活性剂可包含任何可被丙醇胺抗衡离子中和的阴离子表面活性剂。 [0031] The anionic surfactant is a salt of a portion of an anionic surfactant and alkyl amine counterions may comprise any anionic surfactant counterions propanolamine may be neutralized. 具体地讲,所述阴离子表面活性剂可包含选自以下的阴离子表面活性剂:一种或多种烷基酯磺酸盐、直链、支链和改性的一种或多种烷基苯磺酸盐、Cltl-C18烷基烷氧基硫酸盐、Cich2ci伯、支链和无规链烷基硫酸盐、Cltl-C18 仲(2,3)烷基硫酸盐、一种或多种Cltl-C18烷基烷氧基羧酸盐、一种或多种脂肪酸、中链支化的一种或多种烷基硫酸盐、中链支化的一种或多种烷基烷氧基硫酸盐、一种或多种α-烯烃磺酸盐、一种或多种磷酸酯、以及它们的混合物。 Specifically, the anionic surfactant may comprise selected anionic surfactants: alkyl ester sulfonates, one or more straight chain, branched chain, and one kind or more modified alkylbenzenes sulfonates, Cltl-C18 alkyl alkoxy sulfates, Cich2ci primary, branched-chain and random alkyl sulfates, Cltl-C18 secondary (2,3) alkyl sulfates, one or more Cltl- one kind C18 alkyl alkoxy carboxylates, one or more fatty acids, medium chain or branched alkyl sulfate, a medium-chain branched alkyl alkoxy sulfates or more, one or more α- olefin sulfonate, one or more phosphates, and mixtures thereof.

[0032] 烷基酯磺酸盐表面活件剂(“MES”) [0032] alkyl ester sulfonate surfactant member agents ( "MES")

[0033] 如本文所用,“MES”是指烷基酯磺酸盐表面活性剂,通常以甲基酯磺酸盐的形式使用。 [0033] As used herein, "MES" refers to alkyl ester sulfonate surfactants, typically used in the form of the methyl ester sulfonates. 可用于本文的MES表面活性剂包括式R-CH(S03_)-C00R'的磺化脂肪酸烷基酯,其中R 为平均C6-C22烷基并且R'为平均C1-C8烷基。 MES surfactants useful herein include the formula R-CH (S03 _) - C00R 'sulfonated fatty acid alkyl ester, wherein R is a C6-C22 average alkyl and R' is C1-C8 alkyl on average.

[0034] 这些磺化烷基酯的疏水部分在所述α-位上具有磺酸根基团,g卩,所述磺酸根基团位于邻近羰基的碳原子上。 [0034] The hydrophobic portion of these sulfonated alkyl esters have the sulfonate group at the α- position, g Jie, said sulfonic acid group is located on the foundation adjacent to the carbonyl carbon atom. 疏水部分的烷基部分,其相应于磺化脂肪酸烷基酯的R部分, 为平均C6-C22烷基。 The alkyl portion of the hydrophobic portion, which corresponds to the R portion of the sulfonated fatty acid alkyl ester, C6-C22 average alkyl. 优选地,该疏水部分的烷基部分R具有直链平均长度C8-C16的烃,尤其是当R'为甲基时。 Preferably, the alkyl portion of the hydrophobic moiety R is a straight chain having an average length of C8-C16 hydrocarbon, particularly when 'when R is methyl.

[0035] 形成磺化烷基酯的酯部分的R'为平均C1-C8烷基。 R ester moiety [0035] is formed sulfonated alkyl ester 'is C1-C8 alkyl on average. 优选地,R'为平均C1-C6烷基, 并且最优选为C1烷基,g卩,甲基。 Preferably, R 'is C1-C6 alkyl group average, and most preferably C1 alkyl group, g Jie, methyl.

[0036] 在一个实施方案中,分布使得R为平均C14-C16烷基(大约例如95% C14, 5% C16混合物)并且R'为甲基。 [0036] In one embodiment, the distribution is such that R is a C14-C16 average alkyl (e.g. about 95% C14, 5% C16 mixture) and R 'is methyl. 在另一个实施方案中,分布使得R为平均C12-C16烷基(大约例如, 3% C12、28% C14、69% C16混合物)并且R'为甲基。 In another embodiment, the distribution is such that R is a C12-C16 average alkyl (e.g. approximately, 3% C12,28% C14,69% C16 mixture) and R 'is methyl. 在另一个实施方案中,分布使得R为平均Cltl-C16烷基(大约例如60% C10,35% C12,5% C14混合物0并且R'为甲基。在另一个实施方案中,分布使得R为平均C12-C14烷基(大约例如65% C12,30% C14的混合物)。在另一个实施方案中,也可使用上述R和R'分布的混合物。在一个实施方案中,甲基酯磺酸盐具有约16的平均碳长度。在其它实施方案中,R'可为乙基(C2)、正丙基和异丙基(C3)、正丁基、异丁基(C4)、正戊基(C5)和正己基(C6)。 In another embodiment, R is a distribution such that the average Cltl-C16 alkyl (e.g. about 60% C10,35% C12,5% C14 mixture 0 and R 'is methyl. In another embodiment, the distribution is such that R average C12-C14 alkyl (e.g. a mixture of about 65% C12,30% C14.) in another embodiment, the distribution may also be a mixture of R and R 'are used. in one embodiment, sulfonic methyl ester acid having an average carbon length of about 16. in other embodiments, R 'may be ethyl (C2), n-propyl and isopropyl (C3), n-butyl, iso-butyl (C4), n-pentyl yl (C5) and n-hexyl (C6).

[0037] 与碱金属或碱土金属中和制备烷基酯表面活性剂的方法已被充分描述并为本领域的技术人员已知。 [0037] with an alkali metal or an alkaline earth metal and a process for preparing an alkyl ester surfactants have been well described and known to those skilled in the art. 参见,例如美国专利公开4,671,900、4,816,188、5,329,030、 5,382,677,5, 384,422,5, 475,134,5, 587,500,6, 780,830。 See, for example, disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,671,900,4,816,188,5,329,030, 5,382,677,5, 384,422,5, 475,134,5, 587,500,6, 780,830. 同样地,MES 可从Huish 商购获得。 Likewise, MES Huish commercially available from supplier.

[0038] 盲链、支链和改件的烷基苯磺酸盐 [0038] The blind-chain alkylbenzenesulfonates, branched and modified member

[0039] 可用于本文的其它适宜阴离子表面活性剂包括通常用于洗涤剂产品中的任何常规的阴离子表面活性剂类型。 Other suitable anionic surfactants [0039] may be used herein include generally any conventional anionic surfactant types detergent products. 这些包括烷基苯磺酸盐以及烷氧基化或非烷氧基化烷基硫酸 These include alkylbenzene sulfonates and alkoxylated or non-alkoxylated alkyl sulfate

Τττί. ο Τττί. Ο

[0040] 示例性的阴离子表面活性剂为Cich16烷基苯磺酸盐,优选Cn_14烷基苯磺酸盐。 [0040] Exemplary anionic surfactants are Cich16 alkylbenzene sulfonates, preferably benzene sulfonates Cn_14. 在一个实施方案中,所述烷基为直链的,并且此类直链的烷基苯磺酸盐已知为“LAS”。 In one embodiment, the alkyl group is linear and such linear alkyl benzene sulfonates are known as "LAS". 烷基苯磺酸盐,并且尤其是LAS,为本领域人们所熟知。 Alkyl benzene sulfonates, and particularly LAS, are well known art. 此类表面活性剂和它们的制备方法描述于例如美国专利US 2,220,099和US 2,477,383。 Such surfactants and their preparation are described for example in U.S. Patent No. US 2,220,099 and US 2,477,383. 优选的是线性直链烷基苯磺酸盐,其中烷基中的碳原子平均数为约11至14。 Preferred are linear straight chain alkylbenzene sulfonates in which the average number of carbon atoms in the alkyl group is from about 11 to 14. 尤其是C11-C14,如C12,并且LAS为此类表面活性剂的具体实例。 Especially C11-C14, such as C12, LAS and specific examples of such surfactants.

[0041 ] 其它示例性烷基苯磺酸盐包括改性的烷基苯磺酸盐(MLAS)如WO 99/05243、 WO 99/05242、WO 99/05244、WO 99/05082、WO 99/05084、WO 99/05241、WO 99/07656、WO 00/23549 和W 00/23548 中所述。 [0041] Other Exemplary alkyl benzene sulfonates include modified alkylbenzene sulfonate (MLAS), such as WO 99/05243, WO 99/05242, WO 99/05244, WO 99/05082, WO 99/05084 , WO 99/05241, WO 99/07656, WO 00/23549, and in the W 00/23548.

[0042] MLAS可包含混合物,优选基本上由(a)约15重量%至约99重量%,优选约15重量%至约60%,更优选约20%至约40重量%的支链的烷基苯磺酸盐的混合物组成,所述的支链的烷基苯磺酸盐具有下式: [0042] MLAS mixture may comprise, preferably consists essentially of (a) from about 15% to about 99 wt%, preferably from about 15% to about 60%, more preferably alkyl from about 20% to about 40% by weight branched benzene sulfonates mixture composition, said branched alkylbenzene sulfonates having the following formula:

[0043] L(Rl) (R2)-A-SOf [0043] L (Rl) (R2) -A-SOf

[0044] 其中L为由碳和氢组成的无环脂族部分,所述L具有两个端甲基,并且所述L不具有不是Aj1和R2的取代基;并且其中支链烷基苯磺酸盐的混合物包含两种或更多种,优选至少三种,任选更多种式(I)阴离子分子量有差异的支链烷基苯磺酸盐,并且其中支链烷基苯磺酸盐的混合物具有的和R2中的碳原子总数为9至15,优选10至14 ;平均脂族碳含量即基于R\L和R2但不包括A的碳含量为约10.0至约14.0,优选约11.0至约13.0,更优选约11. 5至约12. 5个碳原子;R1 SC1-C3烷基,优选C1-C2烷基,更优选甲基;R2选自H 和C1-C3烷基,优选H和C1-C2烷基,更优选H和甲基,更优选H和甲基,前提条件是在至少约0. 5,更优选0. 7,更优选0. 9至1. 0摩尔分数的支链烷基苯磺酸盐中,R2为H ;A为苯部分, 通常A为-C6H4-部分,式(I)中的S03_部分在L部分的对位,但有一定比例,通常不超过约5 重量%, [0044] wherein an acyclic aliphatic moiety consisting of carbon and hydrogen by L, said L having two methyl ends, and said L having no substituents and R2 are not Aj1 group; and wherein the branched alkylbenzene sulfonate salt mixtures comprising two or more, preferably at least three, optionally (I) the molecular weight anionic branched alkylbenzene sulfonates difference more compounds of formula, and wherein the branched alkylbenzene sulfonates mixture has a total number of carbon atoms in R2 of from 9 to 15, preferably 10 to 14; average aliphatic carbon content of which is based on R \ L and R2 but does not include the carbon content a is from about 10.0 to about 14.0, preferably about 11.0 to about 13.0, more preferably from about 11.5 to about 12.5 carbon atoms; R1 SC1-C3 alkyl, preferably C1-C2 alkyl, more preferably methyl; R2 is selected from H and C1-C3 alkyl, preferably H and C1-C2 alkyl, more preferably H and methyl, more preferably H and methyl, with the proviso that at least about 0.5, more preferably 0.7, more preferably 0.9 to 1.0 mole fraction branched alkylbenzene sulfonates, R2 is H; a is a benzene moiety, typically a is -C6H4- portion, S03_ portion of formula (I) L moiety in the para position, but there is a certain proportion, usually not more than about 5% by weight, 选0至5重量%,所述S03_部分在L的邻位;和(b)约1重量%至约85重量%, 优选约40重量%至约85重量%,更优选60重量%至约80重量%的具有下式的非支化烷基苯磺酸盐的混合物: Is selected from 0 to 5% by weight, said L S03_ ortho portion; and (b) from about 1% to about 85 wt%, preferably from about 40 wt% to about 85 wt%, more preferably 60 wt% to about 80 wt% of a mixture of the formula unbranched alkylbenzene sulfonate:

[0045] YA-SO3- [0045] YA-SO3-

[0046] 其中A如上文所限定,并且Y为未取代的直链的脂族部分,由具有两个甲基末端的碳和氢组成,并且其中Y具有的碳原子总数为9至15,优选10至14,并且Y具有约10. 0至约14. 0,优选约11. 0至约13. 0,更优选11. 5至12. 5个碳原子的平均脂族碳含量;并且其中改性的烷基苯磺酸盐表面活性剂混合物进一步特征在于约160至约275,优选约170至约265,更优选约180至约255的2/3-苯基指数;并且还优选其中所述改性的烷基苯磺酸盐表面活性剂混合物具有小于约0. 3,优选小于约0. 2,更优选小于约0. 1,还更优选0至0. 05的2-甲基-2-苯基指数。 [0046] wherein A is as hereinbefore defined, and Y is an unsubstituted linear aliphatic moiety consisting of carbon and hydrogen having two methyl end of the composition, and the total number of carbon atoms wherein Y has from 9 to 15, preferably 10 to 14, and Y has from about 10.0 to about 14.0, preferably from about 11.0 to about 13.0, an average aliphatic carbon content is more preferably 11.5 to 12.5 carbon atoms; and wherein the modified alkylbenzene sulfonate surfactant mixture is further characterized in that of from about 160 to about 275, preferably from about 170 to about 265, more preferably from about 180 to about 255 of the 2/3-phenyl index; and wherein further preferably said alkylbenzene sulfonate surfactant mixture is less than about modified 0.3, preferably less than about 0.2, more preferably less than about 0.1, still more preferably 0 to 0.05 2-methyl-2 - phenyl index.

[0047] C=-C=烷基烷氧基硫酸盐 [0047] C = -C = alkyl alkoxy sulfates

[0048] 阴离子表面活性剂的另一示例性类型包括乙氧基化烷基硫酸盐表面活性剂。 [0048] Another exemplary type of anionic surfactant comprises ethoxylated alkyl sulfate surfactants. 此类材料也被称为烷基醚硫酸盐或烷基聚乙氧基化硫酸盐,是符合下式的那些: Such materials are also known as alkyl ether sulfates or alkyl polyethoxylate sulfates, are those corresponding to the formula:

[0049] R,-0-(C2H4O)n-SOf [0049] R, -0- (C2H4O) n-SOf

[0050] 其中R' SC8-C2tl烷基,并且η为约1至20。 [0050] wherein R 'SC8-C2tl alkyl, and η is about 1 to 20. 在一个具体的实施方案中,R'为Cltl-C18 烷基,并且η为约0.1至15。 In a specific embodiment, R 'is Cltl-C18 alkyl, and η is from about 0.1 to 15. 在另一个实施方案中,η为约1至15。 In another embodiment, η is about 1 to 15. 在一个更具体的实施方案中,R'为C12-C16, η为约1至6。 In a more specific embodiment, R 'is C12-C16, η is about 1 to 6. 在本文的公开中,命名“ΕΟχ”表示烷氧基为乙氧基,所述整数“X”表示乙氧基在每个链中的数目。 In the disclosed herein, named "ΕΟχ" represents an alkoxy group is ethoxy, the integer "X" represents the number of ethoxy groups in each chain.

[0051 ] 通常以混合物的形式使用烷基醚硫酸盐,该混合物包含不同的R'链长和不同的乙氧基化度。 [0051] The alkyl ether sulfates generally used as a mixture, the mixture comprising varying R 'chain lengths and varying degrees of ethoxylation. 很多情况下,尽管平均的η值可能大于零,此类混合物将不可避免地还包含一些非乙氧基化烷基硫酸盐材料,即上述乙氧基化烷基硫酸盐化学式其中对于具体的分子,η = 0的单独的表面活性剂分子。 In many cases, although the average value of η may be greater than zero, such mixtures will inevitably also contain some non-ethoxylated alkyl sulfate materials, i.e., the above ethoxylated alkyl sulfate formula wherein molecules for specific , η = individual surfactant molecules zero.

[0052] C2^伯、支链和无规烷基硫酸盐 [0052] C2 ^ primary, branched-chain and random alkyl sulfates

[0053] 烷基硫酸盐还可单独加入到本发明的组合物中,并且用作或用于可能存在的任何阴离子表面活性剂组分。 [0053] The alkyl sulfates may also be added separately to the compositions of the present invention and used as or in any anionic surfactant component which may be present. 烷基硫酸盐表面活性剂具体的实例是由高级Cltl-C2tl脂肪醇硫酸盐化制备的那些。 Specific examples of alkyl sulfate surfactants are those produced by Advanced Cltl-C2tl Preparation of fatty alcohol sulfates. 常规的伯烷基硫酸盐表面活性剂具有通式: Conventional primary alkyl sulfate surfactants have the general formula:

[0054] ROSCV [0054] ROSCV

[0055] 其中R通常为直链的Cltl-C2tl烷基,其可为直链或支链的链。 [0055] wherein R is typically Cltl-C2tl linear alkyl which may be straight or branched chain. 在一个具体的实施方案中,R为Cltl-C15烷基,更具体地讲R为C12-C14。 In a specific embodiment, R is a Cltl-C15 alkyl group, more specifically R is C12-C14.

[0056] C=-C=仲(2,3)烷基硫酸盐 [0056] C = -C = secondary (2,3) alkyl sulfates

[0057] 可用于本文的另一种阴离子表面活性剂包括具有式CH3-(CH2)x-CH(OSCV)-CH3或CH3-(CH2)y-CH(OSCV)-CH2-CH3 的仲(2,3)烷基硫酸盐。 Another anionic surfactant [0057] may be used herein include those having the formula CH3- (CH2) x-CH (OSCV) -CH3 or CH3- (CH2) y-CH (OSCV) secondary -CH2-CH3 (2 , 3) alkyl sulfate.

[0058] 优选的仲烷基硫酸盐的非限制性实例包括其中χ为至少约7,优选至少约9,并且y为至少8,优选至少约9的整数的那些。 [0058] Non-limiting examples of preferred secondary alkyl sulfates wherein χ comprises at least about 7, preferably at least about 9, and y is at least 8, at least those preferably an integer of from about 9. [0059] C=-C=烷基烷氧基羧酸盐 [0059] C = -C = alkyl alkoxy carboxylates

[0060] 另一示例性类型的阴离子表面活性剂包括乙氧基化烷基羧酸盐表面活性剂。 [0060] Another exemplary type of anionic surfactant comprises ethoxylated alkyl carboxylate surfactants. 此类材料也称为烷基醚羧酸盐或烷基聚乙氧基化羧酸盐,是符合下式的那些: Such materials are also known as alkyl ether carboxylates or alkyl polyethoxylate carboxylates, are in line with those of the formula:

[0061] R,-0-(C2H4O)n-COCT [0061] R, -0- (C2H4O) n-COCT

[0062] 其中R'为C8-C2tl烷基,并且η为约1至20的整数。 [0062] wherein R 'is a C8-C2tl alkyl, and η is an integer of from about 1 to 20. 在一个具体的实施方案中,R' 为Cltl-C18烷基和/或η为约1至15。 In a specific embodiment, R 'is Cltl-C18 alkyl and / or η of from about 1 to 15. 在一个更具体的实施方案中,R'为C12-Clf^n/或η 为约1至6。 In a more specific embodiment, R 'is C12-Clf ^ n / η, or about 1-6.

[0063] 通常以混合物的形式使用烷基醚羧酸盐,该混合物包括不同的R'链长和不同的乙氧基化度。 [0063] alkyl ether carboxylates generally used as a mixture, the mixture comprising varying R 'chain lengths and varying degrees of ethoxylation. 通常,上述混合物还将不可避免地包含某些非乙氧基化烷基羧酸盐物质,即,上述烷基醚羧酸盐化学式中η = 0的表面活性剂。 Frequently such mixtures will inevitably also contain some non-ethoxylated alkyl carboxylates material, i.e. the alkyl ether carboxylates of the formula in a surfactant η = 0.

[0064] 脂肪酸 [0064] fatty acids

[0065] 脂肪酸具有通式: [0065] The fatty acid has the formula:

[0066] RCOCT [0066] RCOCT

[0067] 其中R通常为C9-C21烷基,其可为直链或支链的链。 [0067] wherein R is typically C9-C21 alkyl, which may be straight or branched chain. 在具体的实施方案中,R为C9-C17烷基,并且更具体地讲R为C11-C1515 In a specific embodiment, R is a C9-C17 alkyl, and, more specifically R is C11-C1515

[0068] 示例性的脂肪酸选自由下列组成的组:月桂酸、十三酸、肉豆蔻酸、十五酸、棕榈酸、十七烷酸、硬脂酸、花生酸、植烷酸、二十二烷酸、棕榈油酸、油酸、反油酸、异油酸、亚油酸、顺式桐酸、反式桐酸、亚麻酸、花生四烯酸以及它们的组合。 [0068] Exemplary fatty acids are selected from the group consisting of: lauric acid, tridecanoic acid, myristic acid, pentadecanoic acid, palmitic acid, heptadecanoic acid, stearic acid, arachidic acid, phytanic acid, behenic dioxane acid, palmitoleic acid, oleic acid, elaidic acid, vaccenic acid, linoleic acid, cis-eleostearic acid, trans-eleostearic acid, linolenic acid, arachidonic acid, and combinations thereof. 优选的脂肪酸可为饱和或不饱和的。 Preferred fatty acids may be saturated or unsaturated. 不饱和的脂肪酸通常具有15至25的碘值,优选18至22,并且顺式:反式异构体比率为1 : 1至200 : 1,优选10 : 1至200 : 1。 Unsaturated fatty acids typically having an iodine value of 15 to 25, preferably from 18 to 22, and the cis: trans isomer ratio of 1: 1 to 200: 1, preferably 10: 1 to 200: 1.

[0069] 优选的脂肪酸源选自由下列组成的组:椰子、大豆、牛油、棕榈、棕榈仁、油菜籽、猪油、向日葵、玉米、红花、低芥酸菜籽、橄榄、花生、以及它们的组合。 [0069] Preferably the group consisting of a fatty acid source selected from the group consisting of: coconut, soybean, tallow, palm, palm kernel, rapeseed, lard, sunflower, corn, safflower, canola, olive, peanut, and a combination thereof.

[0070] 中链支化的烷基硫酸盐 [0070] The mid-chain branched alkyl sulfate

[0071] 示例性阴离子表面活性剂包括美国专利6,020, 303和US 6,060, 443中论述的中链支化的烷基硫酸盐。 [0071] Exemplary anionic surfactants include U.S. Patent No. 6,020, 303 and US 6,060, 443 discussed mid-chain branched alkyl sulfates.

[0072] 中链支化的烷基硫酸盐可包含至少约0. 5重量%,优选至少约5重量%,更优选至少约10重量%,最优选至少约20重量%的具有下式的较长烷基链、中链支化的表面活性剂组分: [0072] The mid-chain branched alkyl sulfate may comprise at least about 0.5 wt%, preferably at least about 5 wt%, more preferably at least about 10% by weight, most preferably at least about 20% by weight than having the formula long alkyl chain, mid-chain branched surfactant component:

[0073] Ab-XB [0073] Ab-XB

[0074]其中: [0074] wherein:

[0075] (a) Ab为疏水性C9-C22 (所述部分中的总碳数),优选约C12至约C18的中链支化的烷基部分,所述烷基部分具有:(1)在8至21个碳原子范围内的与-XB部分连接的最长直链碳链;(2) —个或多个CV3烷基部分,所述烷基部分自该最长直链碳链支化;(3)至少一个支化烷基部分直接连接最长直链碳链2位碳(与-XB部分连接的碳#1起计)至ω-2位碳(末端碳减2个碳,即自最长直链碳链末端计的第三个碳)范围内的位置处的碳;并且(4) 所述表面活性剂组合物在上式Ab-X部分中的平均碳原子总数在大于14. 5至约17. 5 (优选约15至约17)范围内; [0075] (a) Ab is a hydrophobic (total carbon number of the section) C9-C22, preferably mid-chain branched alkyl moiety of from about C12 to about C18, the alkyl moiety having: (1) the longest linear carbon chain in the range of 8 to 21 carbon atoms connected to the range -XB portion; (2) - one or more CV3 alkyl portion, the alkyl portion from the longest linear carbon chain branching of; (3) at least one branched alkyl moiety is directly connected to the longest linear carbon chain two carbons (-XB connection portion beginning on carbon # 1) to ω-2 position carbon (the terminal carbon minus 2 carbons, i.e. the carbon from the inner end of the longest linear carbon chain third carbon meter) at a position range; and (4) the total number of the surfactant composition has an average carbon in the formula Ab-X is greater than in the portion 14.5 to about 17.5 (preferably between about 15 to about 17);

[0076] (b)B为亲水部分,选自硫酸根;并且 [0076] (b) B is a hydrophilic moiety selected sulfate; and

[0077] (c) X 选自-CH2-和-C (0) _。 [0077] (c) X is selected from -CH2- and -C (0) _. [0078] 还优选具有上式的中链支化的烷基硫酸盐,其中Ab部分不具有任何季取代的碳原子(即4个碳原子直接连接至一个碳原子)。 [0078] The above formula also preferably have a mid-chain branched alkyl sulfate, wherein Ab portion does not have any quaternary substituted carbon atoms (i.e., 4 carbon atoms directly connected to a carbon atom).

[0079] 本文优选的中链支化的烷基硫酸盐包括具有上式的较长烷基链的中链支化的表面活性剂化合物,其中Ab部分为具有下式的支链伯烷基部分: [0079] The preferred alkyl sulphates herein mid-chain branched surfactant comprises mid-chain branched compounds having the formula longer alkyl chain, wherein the Ab moiety is a branched primary alkyl moiety having the formula :

[0080] [0080]

I R1 R2 I R1 R2

CH3CH2(CH2)wCH(CH2)xCH(CH2)yCH(CH2)z- CH3CH2 (CH2) wCH (CH2) xCH (CH2) yCH (CH2) z-

[0081] 其中该式中支链伯烷基部分(包括KR1和R2支链)中的碳原子总数为13至19 ; R、R1和R2各自独立地选自氢和C1-C3烷基(优选甲基),前提条件是KR1和R2不均为氢, 并且当ζ为0时,至少R或R1不为氢;w为0至13 ;x为0至13 ;y为0至13 ;z为0至13 ; 并且w+x+y+z为7至13。 [0081] wherein the total number of carbon atoms of the formula of branched primary alkyl moieties (including branched and R2 KR1) is 13 to 19; R, R1 and R2 are each independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C3 alkyl (preferably methyl), with the proviso that KR1 and R2 are not both hydrogen, and when ζ is 0, at least R or R1 is not hydrogen; W is 0 to 13; x is from 0 to 13; y is from 0 to 13; z is 0-13; and w + x + y + z is 7-13.

[0082] 还优选的中链支化的烷基硫酸盐包括具有上式的较长烷基链的中链支化的表面 [0082] It is also preferred mid-chain branched alkyl sulfate include surfactants having the formula longer alkyl chain chain branched

活性剂化合物,其中Ab部分为具有下式的支链伯烷基部分,所述式选自: Active compound, wherein the Ab moiety is a branched primary alkyl formula section, the formula is selected from:

[0083] [0083]

Figure CN102471733AD00091

[0084] 或它们的混合物;其中a、b、d和e为整数,a+b为10至16,d+e为8至14,并且其中进一步地,当a+b = 10时,a为2至9的整数,并且b为1至8的整数;当a+b = 11时,a 为2至10的整数,并且b为1至9的整数;当a+b = 12时,a为2至11的整数,并且b为1至10的整数;当a+b = 13时,a为2至12的整数,并且b为1至11的整数;当a+b = 14 时,a为2至13的整数,并且b为1至12的整数;当a+b = 15时,a为2至14的整数,并且b为1至13的整数;当a+b = 16时,a为2至15的整数,并且b为1至14的整数;当d+e =8时,d为2至7的整数,并且e为1至6的整数;当d+e = 9时,d为2至8的整数,并且e为1至7的整数;当d+e = 10时,d为2至9的整数,并且e为1至8的整数;当d+e =11时,d为2至10的整数,并且e为1至9的整数;当d+e = 12时,d为2至11的整数, 并且e为1至10的整数;当d+e = 13时,d为2至12的整数,并且e为1至11的整数;当d+e = 14时,d [0084] or mixtures thereof; wherein a, b, d, and e are integers, a + b is from 10 to 16, d + e is from 8 to 14 and wherein further when a + b = 10, a is integer from 2 to 9 and b is an integer of 1 to 8; when a + b = 11, a is an integer of from 2 to 10 and b is an integer from 1 to 9; when a + b = 12 time, a is an integer of 2 to 11 and b is an integer from 1 to 10; when a + b = 13 time, a is an integer of 2 to 12, and b is an integer from 1 to 11; when a + b = 14, a is integer from 2 to 13 and b is an integer from 1 to 12; when a + b = 15 time, a is an integer from 2 to 14 and b is an integer from 1 to 13; when a + b = 16, a is integer from 2 to 15 and b is an integer from 1 to 14; when d + e = 8, d is an integer from 2 to 7 and e is an integer from 1 to 6; when d + e = 9 time, d is integer from 2 to 8 and e is an integer from 1 to 7; when d + e = 10 when, d is an integer from 2 to 9 and e is an integer of 1 to 8; when d + e = 11 when, d is an integer of 2 to 10 and e is an integer from 1 to 9; when d + e = 12 when, d is an integer from 2 to 11 and e is an integer from 1 to 10; when d + e = 13 when, d is an integer from 2 to 12 and e is an integer from 1 to 11; when d + e = 14, d 2至13的整数,并且e为1至12的整数。 Integer from 2 to 13 and e is an integer from 1 to 12.

[0085] 中链I化的烷某烷氧某硫酸盐 [0085] Medium chain alkoxy of I a certain alkoxy sulfates

[0086] 其它示例性阴离子表面活性剂还包括如美国专利6,008, 181和US 6,020. 303中论述的中链支化的烷基烷氧基硫酸盐。 [0086] Other exemplary anionic surfactants include alkyl alkoxylated sulfates further as described in U.S. Patent No. 6,008, 181 and US-chain branched discussed 6,020. 303.

[0087] 中链支化的烷基烷氧基硫酸盐包含约0. 001%至约100%的一种或多种(优选两 [0087] The mid-chain branched alkyl alkoxy sulfates containing from about 0.001% to about 100% of one or more (preferably two

种或更多种的混合物)具有下式的中链支化的伯烷基烷氧基化硫酸盐: Primary alkyl alkoxylated sulfates two or more thereof) having the formula of branched-chain:

[0088] [0088]

Figure CN102471733AD00092

[0089] 其中该式中支链伯烷基部分(包括R、R1和R2支链,但是不包括Ε0/Ρ0烷氧基部分中的碳原子)中的碳原子总数为14至20,并且其中进一步地,就该表面活性剂混合物而言,具有上式的支链伯烷基部分中的平均碳原子总数在大于14. 5至约17. 5范围内(优选约15至约17) ;R、R1和R2各自独立地选自氢和C1-C3烷基(优选甲基),前提条件是R、R1 和R2不均为氢,并且当ζ为1时,至少R或R1不为氢;w为0至13的整数;χ为0至13的整数;y为0至13的整数;ζ为至少1的整数;w+x+y+z为8至14 ;并且Ε0/Ρ0是烷氧基部分, 包括例如乙氧基、丙氧基、丁氧基等,优选选自乙氧基、丙氧基和混合的乙氧基/丙氧基,最优选乙氧基,其中m为至少约0. 01,优选在约0. 1至约30范围内,更优选约0. 5至约10,并且最优选约1至约5。 [0089] wherein the formula of branched primary alkyl moieties (including the R, R1, and R2 branching, but not including the carbon atoms Ε0 / Ρ0 alkoxy portion) the total number of carbon atoms is 14 to 20, and wherein further, the relation in terms of surfactant mixture has an average total number of carbon atoms in the branched primary alkyl formula section is in the range of greater than 14.5 to about 17.5 (preferably from about 15 to about 17); R , R1 and R2 are each independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C3 alkyl (preferably methyl), provided R, R1 and R2 are not both hydrogen, and when ζ is 1, at least R or R1 is not hydrogen; w is an integer from 0 to 13; [chi] is an integer from 0 to 13; Y is an integer from 0 to 13; [zeta] is an integer of at least 1; w + x + y + z is from 8 to 14; and Ε0 / Ρ0 alkoxymethyl moieties, including for example ethoxy, propoxy, butoxy, etc., preferably selected from ethoxy, propoxy, and mixed ethoxy / propoxy, most preferably ethoxy, wherein m is at least about 0.01, preferably in the range of from about 0.1 to about 30, more preferably from about 0.5 to about 10, and most preferably from about 1 to about 5. 应当认识到,(E0/P0)m部分可以是具有与m相应的平均烷氧基化度的分布,或它可以是具体的单链,具有与m相应的确切单元数的烷氧基化度(例如乙氧基化度和/或丙氧基化度)。 It should be appreciated, (E0 / P0) m moiety may be a distribution of m corresponding to an average alkoxylation degree, or it may be a single specific chain with a degree of alkoxylation corresponding to m and the exact number of units (e.g., ethoxylation and / or propoxylation).

[0090] 中链支化的烷基烷氧基硫酸盐优选包含中链支化的伯烷基烷氧基化硫酸盐表面活性剂的混合物,所述混合物包含至少约5重量%的两种或更多种具有下式的中链支化的伯烷基烷氧基化硫酸盐: The mixture [0090] The mid-chain branched alkyl alkoxy sulfates preferably comprise mid-chain branched primary alkyl alkoxylated sulfate surfactants, said mixture comprising at least about 5% by weight of two or more primary alkyl group having the formula of mid-chain branched alkoxylated sulfate:

[0091] [0091]

Figure CN102471733AD00101

[0092] 或它们的混合物,其中a、b、d和e为整数,a+b为10至16,d+e为8至14,并且其中进一步地,当a+b = 10时,a为2至9的整数,并且b为1至8的整数;当a+b = 11时,a 为2至10的整数,并且b为1至9的整数;当a+b = 12时,a为2至11的整数,并且b为1至10的整数;当a+b = 13时,a为2至12的整数,并且b为1至11的整数;当a+b = 14 时,a为2至13的整数,并且b为1至12的整数;当a+b = 15时,a为2至14的整数,并且b为1至13的整数;当a+b = 16时,a为2至15的整数,并且b为1至14的整数;当d+e =8时,d为2至7的整数,并且e为1至6的整数;当d+e = 9时,d为2至8的整数,并且e为1至7的整数;当d+e = 10时,d为2至9的整数,并且e为1至8的整数;当d+e =11时,d为2至8的整数,并且e为1至9的整数;当d+e = 12时,d为2至11的整数, 并且e为1至10的整数;当d+e = 13时,d为2至12的整数,并且e为1至11的整数;当d+e = 14时,d为 [0092] or mixtures thereof, wherein a, b, d, and e are integers, a + b is from 10 to 16, d + e is from 8 to 14 and wherein further when a + b = 10, a is integer from 2 to 9 and b is an integer of 1 to 8; when a + b = 11, a is an integer of from 2 to 10 and b is an integer from 1 to 9; when a + b = 12 time, a is an integer of 2 to 11 and b is an integer from 1 to 10; when a + b = 13 time, a is an integer of 2 to 12, and b is an integer from 1 to 11; when a + b = 14, a is integer from 2 to 13 and b is an integer from 1 to 12; when a + b = 15 time, a is an integer from 2 to 14 and b is an integer from 1 to 13; when a + b = 16, a is integer from 2 to 15 and b is an integer from 1 to 14; when d + e = 8, d is an integer from 2 to 7 and e is an integer from 1 to 6; when d + e = 9 time, d is integer from 2 to 8 and e is an integer from 1 to 7; when d + e = 10 when, d is an integer from 2 to 9 and e is an integer of 1 to 8; when d + e = 11 when, d is integer from 2 to 8 and e is an integer from 1 to 9; when d + e = 12 when, d is an integer from 2 to 11 and e is an integer from 1 to 10; when d + e = 13 when, d is an integer from 2 to 12 and e is an integer from 1 to 11; when d + e = 14, d is 2至13的整数,并且e为1至12的整数;其中就该表面活性剂混合物而言,具有上式的支链伯烷基部分中的平均碳原子总数在大于14. 5至约17. 5范围内;并且其中Ε0/Ρ0是烷氧基部分,优选选自乙氧基、丙氧基和混合的乙氧基/丙氧基,其中m为至少约0. 01,优选在约0. 1至约30范围内,更优选约0. 5至约10,并且最优选约1至约5。 Integer from 2 to 13 and e is an integer from 1 to 12; wherein the terms in respect of surfactant mixture, having an average total number of carbon atoms in the branched primary alkyl formula section greater than 14.5 to about 17. within the range 5; and wherein Ε0 / Ρ0 alkoxy moiety is preferably selected from ethoxy, propoxy, and mixed ethoxy / propoxy groups, wherein m is at least about 0.01, preferably at about 0. in the range of 1 to about 30, more preferably from about 0.5 to about 10, and most preferably from about 1 to about 5.

[0093] 中链支化的烷基烷氧基硫酸盐可包含下式化合物: [0093] The mid-chain branched alkyl alkoxy sulfates can comprise a compound of the formula:

[0094] [0094]

Figure CN102471733AD00102

[0095] 其中:a为2至11的整数,b为1至10的整数,并且a+b为8或9 ;并且Ε0/Ρ0是 [0095] wherein: a is an integer from 2 to 11, b is an integer of 1 to 10, and a + b is 8 or 9; and Ε0 / Ρ0 is

Figure CN102471733AD00111

烷氧基部分,优选选自乙氧基、丙氧基和混合的乙氧基/丙氧基,其中m为至少约0. 01,优选在约0. 1至约30范围内,更优选约0. 5至约10,并且最优选约0. 6至约5。 Alkoxy moieties, preferably selected from ethoxy, propoxy, and mixed ethoxy / propoxy groups, wherein m is at least about 0.01, preferably in the range of from about 0.1 to about 30, more preferably from about 0.5 to about 10, and most preferably from about 0.6 to about 5.

[0096] 本文还优选具有下式的烷氧基化硫酸盐化合物: [0096] As used herein preferably it has a sulfate compound of the formula alkoxylated:

[0097] [0097]

Figure CN102471733AD00112

[0098] 其中:d和e为整数,并且d+e为6或7 ;并且其中进一步地,当d+e = 6时,d为2 至5的整数,并且e为1至4的整数;当d+e = 7时,d为2至6的整数,并且e为1至5的整数;并且Ε0/Ρ0是烷氧基部分,优选选自乙氧基、丙氧基和混合的乙氧基/丙氧基,其中m 为至少约0. 01,优选在约0. 1至约30范围内,更优选约0. 5至约10,并且最优选约0. 6至约5。 [0098] where: d and e are integers and d + e is 6 or 7; and wherein further when d + e = 6, d is an integer of 2 to 5, and e is an integer from 1 to 4; when d + e = 7, d is an integer of 2 to 6 and e is an integer from 1 to 5; and Ε0 / Ρ0 alkoxy moiety is preferably selected from ethoxy, propoxy, and mixed ethoxy yl / propoxy groups, wherein m is at least about 0.01, preferably in the range of from about 0.1 to about 30, more preferably from about 0.5 to about 10, and most preferably from about 0.6 to about 5.

[0099] α -烯烃磺酸盐 [0099] α - olefin sulfonate

[0100] 可用于本公开实施方案中的其它阴离子表面活性剂包括烯烃磺酸盐,其是通过α-烯烃经由未配合的三氧化硫磺化,然后在一定条件下中和酸反应混合物使得反应中形成的磺酸内酯水解获得相应的羟烷基磺酸盐而制得的化合物。 [0100] Other anionic surfactants may be used in embodiments of the present disclosure are agents include olefin sulfonates, which via sulfonation uncomplexed by α- olefins, followed by neutralization of the acid reaction mixture under conditions such that the reaction sultone compounds formed by hydrolysis to obtain the corresponding sulphonates and hydroxyalkyl prepared. 由其形成烯烃磺酸盐的α -烯烃是具有约8至约24个碳原子,并且优选约12至约16个碳原子的单烯烃。 Olefin sulfonates formed by α - olefins having from about 8 to about 24 carbon atoms, and the mono-olefin is preferably from about 12 to about 16 carbon atoms. 优选地, 它们为直链烯烃。 Preferably, they are straight chain olefins. 可用于本文公开的示例性的α-烯烃磺酸盐具有通式: Disclosed herein can be used in the exemplary α- olefin sulfonate has the formula:

[0101] R-CH = CH-CH2-S(V(2,3-烯基磺酸盐)或R-CH (OH)-CH2-CH2-SCV (3_ 羟基链烷磺酸盐), [0101] R-CH = CH-CH2-S (V (2,3- olefin sulfonate), or R-CH (OH) -CH2-CH2-SCV (3_ hydroxy-alkanesulfonates),

[0102] 其中R为约8至20个碳原子的直链或支链的烷基。 [0102] wherein R is a straight-chain or branched alkyl group of from about 8 to 20 carbon atoms. 适宜的α-烯烃的实例包括1-烯烃,如1-十二碳烯、1-十四烯、1-十六碳烯、1-十八烯、1-二十碳烯和1-二十四碳烯。 Examples of suitable α- olefins include 1-alkenes, such as 1-dodecene, 1-tetradecene, 1-hexadecene, 1-octadecene, 1-eicosene and 1-eicosanol four carbene.

[0103] 磷酸酯 [0103] phosphate

[0104] 可用于本公开实施方案中的其它阴离子表面活性剂包括磷酸酯。 [0104] may be used in other embodiments of the anionic surfactants include phosphate esters of the present disclosure. 磷酸酯为以下通式的任何材料: Any material phosphate of the general formula:

[0105] [0105]

Figure CN102471733AD00113

[0106] 其中R和R' SC6-C2tl烷基或乙氧基化的烷基。 [0106] wherein R and R 'SC6-C2tl alkyl or ethoxylated alkyl group. 优选R和R'为以下通式: Preferably R and R 'of the following formula:

[0107] [0107]

[0108] 其中烷基取代基为Cltl-C16,并且Y为介于0和约4之间。 [0108] wherein the alkyl substituent is Cltl-C16, and Y is between 0 and about 4 interposed. 具有该式的烷基取代基最优选为Cltl-C16,并且Y为介于约2和约4之间。 The alkyl group having a substituent of the formula most preferably Cltl-C16, and between Y is between about 2 and about 4. 此类化合物可通过已知的方法由五氧化二磷、磷酸或卤化氧磷和醇或乙氧基化醇制备。 Such compounds may be prepared from phosphorus pentoxide, phosphoric acid or a phosphorous halide oxide and ethoxylated alcohols or alcohols by known methods.

[0109] 应当理解,描述代表一酯和二酯以及商业磷酸酯的化学式将一般包含一酯和二酯连同一些比例的三酯混合物。 [0109] It should be understood that the description is representative of a well and diesters of formula business will typically comprise a phosphate diesters together with some proportion of tri-ester mixture.

[0110] 阴离子表面活性剂和单丙醇胺抗衡离子的盐可包括选自具有下式的盐的盐:R-CH (CH3) -A-SO3^ : +NH3CH2 (CH3) CH2OH,其中A 为苯环,并且R 为C10-C16 烷基;R-CH2 (SO3) COOCHf:+NH3CH2 (CH3) CH2OH,其中R 为C6-C22 烷基;ROSOr+NH3CH2 (CH3) CH2OH,其中R 为Cltl-C20 烷基;RO (CH2CH2O)xOSCV:+NH3CH2 (CH3) CH2OH,其中R 为C10-C18 烷基,并且χ 介于0. 1 和15 之间;以及它们的混合物。 [0110] salt anionic surfactant and monopropanolamine counterions may comprise a salt selected from the salts of the formula: R-CH (CH3) -A-SO3 ^: + NH3CH2 (CH3) CH2OH, wherein A is a benzene ring, and R is a C10-C16 alkyl; R-CH2 (SO3) COOCHf: + NH3CH2 (CH3) CH2OH, wherein R is a C6-C22 alkyl; ROSOr + NH3CH2 (CH3) CH2OH, wherein R is a Cltl-C20 alkyl; RO (CH2CH2O) xOSCV: + NH3CH2 (CH3) CH2OH, wherein R is a C10-C18 alkyl, and χ is between 0.1 and 15; and mixtures thereof.

[0111] 具体地讲,此类盐包括: [0111] Specifically, such salts comprising:

[0112] [0112]

Figure CN102471733AD00121

[0113] 包含本发明盐的表面活性剂糊剂可通过将烷基胺抗衡离子加入到酸表面活性剂中以中和所述酸表面活性剂而制得。 [0113] surfactant paste comprising the salts of the present invention can be prepared by counterions alkylamine surfactant is added to the acid to neutralize the acid and a surfactant system. 通常,包含阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐的颗粒可通过附聚或喷雾干燥制得。 Typically, the particle salt comprises an anionic surfactant and alkyl amine counterions may be prepared by agglomeration or spray drying. 通常,将包含阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐的颗粒干加入到所述固体洗涤剂组合物中。 Typically, the particles comprising a salt anionic surfactant and alkyl amine counterions are added to the dry solid detergent composition.

[0114] 固体洗涤剂组合物 [0114] The solid detergent composition

[0115] 所述固体洗涤剂组合物可为衣物洗涤剂组合物或餐具洗涤剂组合物。 The [0115] solid detergent composition may be a laundry detergent composition or a dishwashing detergent composition. 通常,配制所述衣物洗涤剂组合物以用于自动洗衣机中,或用于手洗应用中。 Typically, the laundry detergent compositions formulated for use in an automatic washing machine or for hand-washing use.

[0116] 所述固体洗涤剂组合物可为附聚物、颗粒、薄片、压出物、条棒、片剂形式、或它们的任何组合。 [0116] The solid detergent composition may be an agglomerate, granule, flake, extrudate, bar, tablet form, or any combination thereof. 固体组合物可用诸如干混、附聚、压制、喷雾干燥、圆盘造粒、滚圆或它们的任何组合的方法来制备。 The solid composition can be such as dry-mixing, agglomerating, compaction, spray drying, pan-granulation, spheronization or any combination of methods to prepare. 固体组合物通常具有300g/L至1,500g/L,通常500g/L至1,000g/L 的堆积密度。 The solid composition typically has a 300g / L to 1,500g / L, usually 500g / L to 1,000g / L bulk density.

[0117] 除了阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐(一种或多种)以外,所述固体洗涤剂组合物还可包含一种或多种辅助成分。 [0117] In addition to anionic salt (s) and a surfactant other than the alkyl amine counterions, the solid detergent composition may further comprise one or more accessory ingredients. 这些附加助剂组分的确切性质及其加入量将取决于组合物的物理形式以及其应用的操作性质。 The precise nature of these additional adjunct components, and the addition amount will depend on the physical form of the composition and the nature of the operation of the application. 适宜的助剂材料包括但不限于,助洗剂、 附加的表面活性剂、絮凝助剂、螯合剂、染料转移抑制剂、酶、酶稳定剂、催化物质、漂白活化齐U、过氧化氢、过氧化氢源、预成形过酸、聚合分散剂、粘土污垢移除/抗再沉淀剂、增白剂、 抑泡剂、染料、香料、结构增弹剂、织物软化剂、载体、水溶助长剂、加工助剂、和/或颜料。 Suitable adjunct materials include, but are not limited to, builders, additional surfactants, flocculating aid, chelating agents, dye transfer inhibitors, enzymes, enzyme stabilizers, catalytic materials, bleach activators Qi U, hydrogen peroxide, source of hydrogen peroxide, preformed peracids, polymeric dispersing agents, clay soil removal / anti-redeposition agents, brighteners, suds suppressors, dyes, perfumes, structure elasticizing agents, fabric softeners, carriers, hydrotropes , processing aids and / or pigments. 除了以下公开内容外,此类其它助剂和用量的合适的实例还存在于美国专利5,576,282、 6,306,812B1和6,326,348B1中,所述文献以引用方式并入本文。 In addition to the disclosure below, suitable examples of such other adjuncts and levels of use are found in U.S. Patent No. 5,576,282, 6,306,812B1 and 6,326,348B1, the incorporated herein by reference . 如下文详述地,可存在一种或多种此类助剂: As detailed below, there may be one or more such additives:

12[0118] 表面活性剂-所述洗涤剂组合物可包含一种或多种附加的表面活性剂。 12 [0118] Surfactants - The detergent composition may comprise one or more additional surfactants. 一种或多种附加表面活性剂可选自非离子表面活性剂、附加的阴离子表面活性剂盐、阳离子表面活性剂、两性表面活性剂、两性离子表面活性剂、半极性非离子表面活性剂、以及它们的混合物。 One or more additional surfactants selected from nonionic surfactants, additional anionic surfactant salt, cationic surfactants, amphoteric surfactants, zwitterionic surfactants, semi-polar nonionic surfactants and mixtures thereof.

[0119] 一种或多种附加的阴离子表面活性剂盐可为阴离子表面活性剂盐形式(如上定义,例如:烷基酯磺酸盐;直链、支链和改性的烷基苯磺酸盐;Cltl-C18烷基烷氧基硫酸盐; Cich2ci伯、支链和无规烷基硫酸盐;Cltl-C18仲(2,3)烷基硫酸盐;Cltl-C18烷基烷氧基羧酸盐; 脂肪酸;中链支化的烷基硫酸盐;中链支化的烷基烷氧基硫酸盐;α _烯烃磺酸盐;具有抗衡离子的磷酸酯,所述抗衡离子不是烷基胺抗衡离子。所述抗衡离子可为质子或提供电中性的阳离子,如钠、钙、钾或镁,尤其是钠阳离子。 [0119] One or more additional anionic surfactant salt may be a salt form of the anionic surfactant (as defined above, for example: alkyl ester sulfonates; linear, branched and modified alkylbenzenesulfonate salt; Cltl-C18 alkyl alkoxy sulfates; Cich2ci primary, branched-chain and random alkyl sulfates; Cltl-C18 secondary (2,3) alkyl sulfates; Cltl-C18 alkyl alkoxy carboxylate salts; fatty acids; mid-chain branched alkyl sulfate; mid-chain branched alkyl alkoxy sulfates; _ [alpha] olefin sulfonate; phosphate having a counter ion of the counter ion is not alkylamine counterion ion. the counter ion may be a cation which provides charge neutrality or a proton, such as sodium, calcium, magnesium or potassium, especially sodium cations.

[0120] 本发明的组合物可包含非离子表面活性剂。 [0120] The compositions of the present invention may comprise a nonionic surfactant. 当存在时,所述非离子去污表面活性剂的含量一般为0. 5-20重量%,或2-4重量%。 When present, the content of the non-ionic detersive surfactant is generally 0. 5 to 20 wt%, or 2-4% by weight.

[0121] 所述非离子去污表面活性剂可选自由下列组成的组:烷基多葡糖苷和/或烷基烷氧基化醇;C12-C18烷基乙氧基化物,如得自Shell的NE0D0L®非离子表面活性剂;C6_C12 烷基酚烷氧基化物,其中烷氧基化单元为乙烯氧基单元、丙烯氧基单元、或它们的混合物; C12-C18醇和C6-C12烷基酚与环氧乙烷/环氧丙烷嵌段聚合物的缩合物,如购自BASF的Pluronic® ;C14-C22中链支化醇BA,如US 6,150,322中更详细描述的;C14-C22中链支化烷基烧氧基化物BAEx,其中χ = 1 至35,如US 6,153,577、US 6,020,303 和US 6,093,856 中更详细描述的;烷基纤维素,如US 4,565,647中更详细描述的,尤其是US 4,483,780和US 4,483,779中更详细描述的烷基多苷;多羟基脂肪酸酰胺,如US 5,332,528、WO 92/06162、 WO 93/19146、WO 93/19038和WO 94/09099中更详细描述的;醚封端的聚(烷氧基化)醇表面活性剂,如US [0121] The non-ionic detersive surfactant selected from the group consisting of: alkyl polyglucoside and / or an alkyl alkoxylated alcohol; C12-C18 alkyl ethoxylates, such as available from Shell the NE0D0L® nonionic surfactant; C6_C12 alkyl phenol alkoxylates wherein the alkoxylate units are ethyleneoxy units, propyleneoxy units or mixtures thereof; C12-C18 alcohols and C6-C12 alkyl phenol with ethylene oxide / propylene oxide condensate block polymers, commercially available from BASF as Pluronic®; C14-C22 mid-chain branched alcohols BA, as described in more detail in US 6,150,322 of; C14- C22 medium-chain branched alkyl alkoxylates burning BAEx, where χ = 1 to 35. US 6,153,577, US 6,020,303 and US 6,093,856 described in more detail; alkylcellulose Su, as described in more detail in US 4,565,647, in particular alkyl US 4,483,780 US 4,483,779 and described in more detail polyglycosides; polyhydroxy fatty acid amides, such as US 5,332 , 528, WO 92/06162, WO 93/19146, WO 93/19038 and WO 94/09099 described in more detail; ether-capped poly (alkoxylated) alcohol surfactants as described in US 6,482,994和WO 01/42408中更详细描述的;以及它们的混合物。 6,482,994 and WO 01/42408 are described in greater detail; and mixtures thereof.

[0122] 所述组合物可包含阳离子去污表面活性剂。 [0122] The compositions may comprise a cationic detersive surfactant. 当存在时,所述组合物通常包含0. 1 重量%至10重量%,或1重量%至2重量%的阳离子去污表面活性剂。 When present, the composition typically comprises 0.1 wt% to 10 wt%, or 1 wt% to 2 wt% cationic detersive surfactant.

[0123] 合适的阳离子去污表面活性剂为烷基吡啶输化合物、烷基季铵化合物、烷基季铵镇镇化合物和烷基三元硫化合物。 [0123] Suitable cationic detersive surfactants are alkyl pyridinium input compounds, alkyl quaternary ammonium compounds, alkyl quaternary phosphonium compounds, and alkyl ternary sulphonium town compound. 阳离子去污表面活性剂可选自由下列组成的组:烷氧基化季铵(AQA)表面活性剂,如US 6,136,769中更详细描述的;二甲基羟基乙基季铵表面活性剂,如US 6,004, 922中更详细描述的;多胺阳离子表面活性剂,如WO 98/35002、WO 98/35003,WO 98/35004,WO 98/35005和WO 98/35006中更详细描述的;阳离子酯表面活性剂,如US 4,228,042、US 4,239,660、US 4,260,529 和US 6,022,844 中更详细描述的;氨基表面活性剂,如US 6,221,825和WO 00/47708中更详细描述的,具体地讲为酰氨基丙基二甲基胺;以及它们的混合物。 Cationic detersive surfactant can be selected from the group consisting of: alkoxylate quaternary ammonium (AQA) surfactants as described in more detail in US 6,136,769; the dimethyl hydroxy ethyl quaternary ammonium surfactants agents, such as US 6,004, 922 described in more detail; polyamine cationic surfactants, such as WO 98/35002, WO 98/35003, WO 98/35004, WO 98/35005 and WO 98/35006 in more detail cationic ester surfactants, such as US 4,228,042, US 4,239,660, US 4,260,529 and US 6,022,844 described in more detail;; described amino surfactants as described in US 6,221,825 and described in more detail in WO 00/47708, specifically amido propyldimethyl amine; and mixtures thereof.

[0124] 高度优选的阳离子去污表面活性剂为一C8,烷基一羟乙基二甲基季铵氯化物、一C1Q_12烷基一羟乙基二甲基季铵氯化物和一Cltl烷基一羟乙基二甲基季铵氯化物。 [0124] Highly preferred cationic detersive surfactant is a C8, alkyl mono-hydroxyethyl di-methyl quaternary ammonium chloride, a C1Q_12 alkyl mono-hydroxyethyl di-methyl quaternary ammonium chloride and an alkyl Cltl mono-hydroxyethyl di-methyl quaternary ammonium chloride. 阳离子表面活性剂如Pri^pagen HY(商品名,Clariant)可以是有用的,并且可被用作促泡剂。 Cationic surfactants such as Pri ^ pagen HY (tradename, Clariant) may be useful, and can be used as a suds booster.

[0125] 助洗剂-所述洗涤剂组合物可包含一种或多种助洗剂。 [0125] Builders - The detergent composition may comprise one or more builders. 当使用助洗剂时,本主题发明通常包含按重量计1 %至约40 %,通常2 %至25 %,或甚至约5 %至约20 %,或8 %至15%的助洗剂。 When a builder is used, the subject composition will typically comprise from 1% to about 40%, typically from 2% to 25%, or even from about 5% to about 20%, or 8% to 15% builder.

[0126] 助洗剂包括但不限于多磷酸的碱金属盐、铵盐和链烷醇铵盐、碱金属硅酸盐、层状硅酸盐如Clariant ®SKS-6、碱土金属碳酸盐和碱金属碳酸盐、硅铝酸盐助洗剂如沸石和聚羧酸盐化合物、醚羟基聚羧酸盐、马来酸酐与乙烯或乙烯基甲基醚的共聚物、1,3,5_三羟基苯-2,4,6-三磺酸和羧基甲氧基琥珀酸、脂肪酸、多元乙酸(如乙二胺四乙酸和次氮基三乙酸)以及多元羧酸(如苯六甲酸、琥珀酸、柠檬酸、氧联二琥珀酸(oxydisuccinic acid)、多元马来酸、苯1,3,5_三羧酸、羧基甲氧基琥珀酸)的各种碱金属盐、铵盐和取代铵盐、以及它们的可溶性盐。 [0126] Builders include, but are not limited to, alkali metal polyphosphates, ammonium and alkanolammonium salts, alkali metal silicates, layered silicates such as Clariant ®SKS-6, and alkaline earth metal carbonates alkali metal carbonates, aluminosilicate builders, such as zeolite, and polycarboxylate compounds, ether hydroxy polycarboxylates, copolymers of maleic anhydride with ethylene or vinyl methyl ether, 1,3,5_ trihydroxybenzene-2,4,6-trisulphonic acid, and carboxymethyloxysuccinic acid, fatty acid, polybasic acid (such as ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and nitrilotriacetic acid) and polycarboxylic acids (such as mellitic acid, succinic acid, citric acid, oxydisuccinic acid (oxydisuccinic acid), polymaleic acid, benzene 1,3,5_ tricarboxylic acid, carboxymethyloxysuccinic acid) various alkali metal, ammonium and substituted ammonium salts, and soluble salts thereof.

[0127] 本发明的洗涤剂组合物可包含0%至20%,具体地讲小于15%或10%,例如小于5%的沸石。 Detergent compositions [0127] of the present invention may comprise from 0% to 20%, in particular less than 15% or 10%, e.g. less than 5% zeolite. 具体地讲,所述洗涤剂组合物包含0%至20%,具体地讲小于15%或10%,例如小于5%的硅铝酸盐助洗剂。 Specifically, the detergent composition comprises 0-20%, in particular less than 15% or 10%, e.g. less than 5% of aluminosilicate builder.

[0128] 本发明的洗涤剂组合物可包含0%至20%,具体地讲小于15%或10%,例如小于5%的一种或多种磷酸盐助洗剂。 [0128] The detergent compositions of the invention may comprise from 0% to 20%, in particular less than 15% or 10%, e.g. less than 5% of one or more phosphate builder.

[0129] 所述固体洗涤剂组合物可包含0%至20%,具体地讲小于15%或10%,例如小于5%的一种或多种磷酸盐助洗剂和一种或多种硅铝酸盐助洗剂。 [0129] The solid detergent composition may comprise from 0% to 20%, in particular less than 15% or 10%, e.g. less than 5% of one or more of phosphate builder, and one or more silicon aluminosilicate builders.

[0130] 磷酸盐助洗剂、硅铝酸盐助洗剂、多元羧酸助洗剂和附加的硅酸盐助洗剂在所述洗涤剂组合物中的总量按重量计可为0 %至25 %,或甚至1 %至20 %,具体地讲1 %至15%,尤其是2%至10%,例如3%至5%。 [0130] phosphate builder, the total amount of aluminosilicate builders, polycarboxylic acid builder, and additional silicate builder in the detergent composition by weight may be 0% to 25%, or even from 1 to 20%, in particular 1-15%, especially 2-10%, e.g. 3-5%.

[0131 ] 本发明的洗涤剂组合物可包含0至35 %,具体地讲小于25 %或20 %或15 %或10%,例如小于5%的碳酸钠。 Detergent compositions [0131] of the present invention may comprise 0 to 35%, in particular less than 25% of sodium carbonate or 20% or 15% or 10%, e.g. less than 5%.

[0132] 所述组合物还可包含任何其它补充助洗剂、螯合剂、或一般来讲通过例如螯合作用、络合作用、沉淀或离子交换从溶液中移除钙离子的任何物质。 [0132] The composition may further comprise any other supplemental builders, chelating agents, or in general, for example, by sequestration, complexation, precipitation or ion exchange to remove any material from the solution of calcium ions. 具体地讲,所述组合物可包含25°C温度和0. IM离子浓度下钙结合容量为至少50mg/g,并且钙结合常数log K Ca2+ 为至少3. 50的物质。 In particular, the composition may comprise a calcium binding capacity of 25 ° C for 0. IM temperature and ion concentration of at least 50mg / g, and a calcium binding constant log K Ca2 + of at least 3.50 of the substance.

[0133] 在本发明的组合物中,磷酸盐助洗剂、硅铝酸盐助洗剂、多元羧酸助洗剂、附加硅酸盐助洗剂以及钙结合容量超过50mg/g,并且钙结合常数高于3. 50的其它物质在所述组合物中的总量按重量计可为0%至25%,或甚至至20%,具体地讲为至15%,尤其是2%至10%,例如3%至5%。 [0133] In the compositions of the present invention, phosphate builders, aluminosilicate builders, polycarboxylic acid builder, additional silicate builder and the calcium binding capacity of more than 50mg / g, and calcium total amount of other substances binding constant higher than 3.50 in the composition by weight can range from 0% to 25% or even to 20%, in particular of 15%, in particular 10 to 2% %, for example 3% to 5%.

[0134] 絮凝助剂-所述组合物还可包含絮凝助剂。 [0134] FLOCCULATING AID - The composition may further comprise a flocculating aid. 通常,所述组合物包含按所述组合物的重量计至少0.3%的絮凝助剂。 Typically, the composition comprises by weight of the composition, at least 0.3% of a flocculating aid. 所述组合物也可基本上不含絮凝助剂。 The composition may also be substantially free of flocculating aid. 絮凝剂通常为聚合物。 Flocculant is typically a polymer. 通常,所述絮凝助剂为包含单体单元的聚合物,所述单体单元选自由下列组成的组: 环氧乙烷、丙烯酰胺、丙烯酸、以及它们的混合物。 Typically, the flocculating aid is a polymer comprising monomer units of the group consisting of monomer units selected from the group consisting of: ethylene oxide, acrylamide, acrylic acid, and mixtures thereof. 通常,所述絮凝助剂为聚环氧乙烷。 Typically, the flocculating aid is a polyethyleneoxide. 通常, 所述絮凝助剂具有至少100,OOODa,具体地讲150,OOODa至5,000, OOODa,或甚至200,OOODa 至700,OOODa的分子量。 Typically, the flocculating aid has at least 100, OOODa, specifically 150, OOODa to 5,000, OOODa, or even 200, OOODa to 700, OOODa molecular weight.

[0135] 漂白剂-本发明的组合物可包含一种或多种漂白剂。 [0135] Bleaching Agents - The compositions of the invention may comprise one or more bleaching agents. 一般来讲,当使用漂白剂时, 本发明的组合物可包含按所述洗涤剂组合物的重量计约0. 至约50%,或甚至约0. 1% 至约25%的漂白剂。 In general, when a bleaching agent composition of the present invention may comprise by weight of the detergent composition, from about 0.5 to about 50%, or even from about 0.1% to about 25% bleaching agent. 当存在时,适宜的漂白剂包括漂白催化剂,光致漂白剂如维生素K3以及酞菁磺酸锌或酞菁磺酸铝;漂白活化剂,如四乙酰基乙二胺(TAED)和壬酰氧基苯磺酸盐(NOBS);过氧化氢;预成形过酸;过氧化氢源,如无机过氧化氢合物盐,包括任选被涂覆的碱金属盐如过硼酸钠盐(通常为一水合物或四水合物)、过碳酸钠盐、过硫酸钠盐、过磷酸钠盐、过硅酸钠盐、以及它们的混合物,适宜的涂料包括无机盐如碱金属盐;以及它们的混合物。 When present, suitable bleaching agents include bleaching catalysts, photo-bleaches such as vitamin K3 and zinc phtalocyanine sulfonate or aluminum phtalocyanine sulfonate; bleach activators such as tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED) and nonanoyloxybenzene benzene sulfonate (NOBS); hydrogen peroxide; preformed peracids; sources of hydrogen peroxide such as inorganic perhydrate salts, including alkali metal salts of optionally coated, such as sodium salts of perborate (usually one or tetra-hydrate), percarbonate, persulfate salts, perphosphate salts, persilicate salts, and mixtures thereof, suitable coatings comprise inorganic salts such as alkali metal salts; and mixtures thereof .

[0136] 可选择过氧化氢源与过酸或漂白活化剂的量,使得可用氧(来自过氧化物源)与过酸的摩尔比为1 : 1至35 : 1,或甚至2 : 1至10 : 1。 [0136] Alternatively hydrogen peroxide source and an excess of an acid or a bleach activator, such that the available oxygen (from the peroxide source) to peracid is from 1: 1 to 35: 1, or even 2: 1 to 10: 1.

[0137] 荧光增白剂-所述组合物可包含使所清洁制品着色的组分,如荧光增白剂。 [0137] Fluorescent whitening agent - The compositions may comprise colored article components so that the cleaned, such as fluorescent brighteners. 当存在时,适用于洗涤剂组合物中的任何荧光增白剂可用于本发明的组合物中。 When present, useful in detergent compositions can be any fluorescent whitening agent used in the compositions of the present invention. 最常用的荧光增白剂是属于以下类别中的那些:二氨基芪磺酸衍生物、二芳基吡唑啉衍生物和联苯基二苯乙烯基衍生物。 The most commonly used fluorescent whitening agents are those belonging to the following categories: diaminostilbene-sulphonic acid derivatives, diaryl pyrazoline derivatives and distyryl biphenyl derivatives.

[0138] 典型的荧光增白剂是由Paramount Minerals and Chemicals (Mumbai,India) 提供的Parawhite KX ;得自Ciba-Geigy AG (Basel, Switzerland)的Tinopal ® DMS 禾口Tinopal ®CBS0 Tinopal®DMS 是4,4' -二-(2-吗啉基-4-苯氨基_s_ 三嗪-6-基氨基) 二苯乙烯二磺酸二钠盐。 [0138] Typical fluorescent whitening agents are supplied by Paramount Minerals and Chemicals (Mumbai, India) Parawhite KX; available from Ciba-Geigy AG (Basel, Switzerland) is Tinopal ® DMS is Hekou Tinopal ®CBS0 Tinopal®DMS 4 , 4 '- bis - (2-morpholino-4 anilino-_s_ triazin-6-ylamino) stilbene disulphonate. Tinopal ® CBS是2,2' -二_(苯基苯乙烯基)二磺酸二钠盐。 Tinopal ® CBS is 2,2 '- bis _ (phenyl-styryl) disulphonate.

[0139] 织物调色剂_荧光增白剂发射至少部分可见光。 [0139] _ fabric hueing agents optical brighteners emit at least partially visible. 与之相反,织物着色剂能改变表面颜色是因为它们吸收至少一部分可见光谱。 In contrast, fabric hueing agents alter the color of the surface as they absorb at least a portion of the visible spectrum. 合适的织物着色剂包括染料和染料_粘土缀合物并且还可包括颜料。 Suitable fabric hueing agents include dyes and dye-clay conjugates _ and may also include pigments. 适用的染料包括小分子染料和聚合物染料。 Suitable dyes include small molecule dyes and polymeric dyes. 适宜的小分子染料包括选自由下列组成的组的小分子染料:属于直接蓝、直接红、直接紫、酸性蓝、酸性红、酸性紫、碱性蓝、碱性紫和碱性红颜色索引(CI)类别的染料、或它们的混合物。 Suitable small molecule dyes include small molecule dyes selected from the group consisting of: falling into the blue, Direct Red, Direct Violet, Acid Blue, Acid Red, Acid Violet, Basic Blue, Basic Violet and Basic Red Color Index ( CI) class of dyes, or mixtures thereof.

[0140] 聚合物分散剂_本发明的组合物可包含聚合物分散剂。 [0140] _ polymeric dispersant compositions of the invention may comprise a polymer dispersant. 如果包括的话,这些聚合物分散剂的含量为通常至多约5%,典型地约0. 2%至约2. 5%,更典型约0. 5%至约1. 5%。 When included, the content of the polymeric dispersant is generally up to about 5%, typically from about 0.2% to about 2.5%, more typically from about 0.5% to about 1.5%. 适宜的聚合物分散剂包括聚合的聚羧酸酯、取代的(包括季胺化和氧化的)多胺聚合物和聚乙二醇,如:平均分子量为约2,000至约10,000的基于丙烯酸的聚合物;平均分子量为约2,000至约100,000并且丙烯酸链段与马来酸链段比率为约30 : 1至约1 : 1的基于丙烯酸/马来酸的共聚物;马来酸/丙烯酸/乙烯醇三元共聚物;分子量为约500至约100,000,通常约1,000至约50,000,更典型约1,500至约10,000的聚乙二醇(PEG);以及水溶性或水分散性烷氧基化聚亚烷基胺物质。 Suitable polymeric dispersing agents include polymeric polycarboxylates, substituted (including quaternary amines and oxidized) polyamine polymers, and polyethylene glycols, such as: an average molecular weight of from about 2,000 to about 10,000 acrylic-based polymer; average molecular weight of about 2,000 to about 100,000, and the acrylic segment and maleic acid chain segment ratio of about 30: 1 copolymers based on acrylic acid / maleic acid;: 1 to about 1 maleic / acrylic / vinyl alcohol terpolymers; molecular weight of about 500 to about 100,000, typically from about 1,000 to about 50,000, more typically from about 1,500 to about 10,000 of polyethylene glycol (PEG ); and water-soluble or water-dispersible alkoxylated polyalkylene amine species.

[0141] 聚合物去垢剂-本发明的组合物还可包含聚合物去垢剂。 [0141] detergent Polymer - The compositions of the present invention can also contain polymeric soil release agent. 聚合物去垢剂或“SRA” 具有亲水性链段以使疏水性纤维如聚酯和尼龙的表面亲水化,并且具有疏水性链段以沉积在疏水性纤维上,并且保持与其粘附,直至洗涤和漂洗循环完成,从而用作亲水性链段的锚定剂。 Polymeric soil release agent, or "SRA" having a hydrophilic segment to the hydrophobic fibers such as polyester and nylon, surface hydrophilic, and hydrophobic segments to deposit upon hydrophobic fibers and remain adhered thereto until completion of washing and rinsing cycles, thereby serving as an anchor for the hydrophilic segments. 这可使用SRA处理后出现的污渍更易于在稍后的洗涤过程中被清除。 This stain after treatment with the SRA to be more easily cleaned in later washing procedures. 优选的SRA 包括低聚对苯二甲酸酯;由对苯二酰和氧化烯氧基重复单元低聚酯主链和共价连接所述主链的烯丙基衍生的磺化末端部分组成的基本上直链的酯低聚物的磺化产物;非离子封端的1,2_丙烯/聚氧乙烯对苯二甲酸聚酯;具有经验式(CAP)2(EGziPG)5(T)5(SIP)1的低聚物,其包含对苯二酰(T)、磺基间苯二酰(SIP)、氧乙烯氧基和氧代-1,2-丙烯(EG/PG)单元,并且通常用封端基(CAP)封端,所述封端基通常为改性的羟乙基磺酸根,如包含一个磺基间苯二酰单元、5个对苯二酰单元、指定比率(通常约0.5 : 1至约10 : 1)的氧乙烯氧基和氧代-1,2-丙烯氧基单元、以及两个衍生自2-(2_羟基乙氧基)乙磺酸钠的封端单元的低聚物;低聚酯,其包含:(1)主链,所述主链包含(a)至少一个选自由下列组成的组的单元:二羟基磺酸酯、多羟基磺酸酯、至少三官能从而形成酯 Preferred SRA's include oligomeric terephthalate; of terephthaloyl and oxyalkyleneoxy repeat units and oligoester backbone covalently linked to the backbone allyl-derived sulfonated terminal part of the sulfonated product of a substantially linear ester oligomer; capped nonionic 1,2_ propylene / polyoxyethylene terephthalate polyesters; having the empirical formula (CAP) 2 (EGziPG) 5 (T) 5 ( SIP) oligomer 1, which comprises terephthaloyl (T), two sulfoisophthalic acid (SIP), oxyethylene and oxy-1,2-propylene (EG / PG) units, and typically with a capping group (CAP) capped, the capping group is typically modified hydroxyethyl sulfonate, such as a sulfo group containing between terephthaloyl units, 5 terephthaloyl units, a specified ratio (usually about 0.5: 1 to about 10: 1) oxyethylene and oxy-1,2-propyleneoxy units, and two derived from 2- (2_-hydroxyethoxy) ethanesulfonate end-capping units oligomers; oligomeric esters comprising: (1) backbone, the backbone comprising (a) at least one unit selected from the group consisting of: dihydroxy sulfonates, polyhydroxy sulfonates, at least thereby forming a trifunctional ester 以获得支化低聚物主链的单元、以及它们的组合;(b)至少一个为对苯二酰部分的单元;和(c)至少一个未磺化的单元,所述单元为1,2_氧乙烯氧基部分;和(2) —个或多个封端单元,所述封端单元选自非离子封端单 Unit to obtain a branched oligomer backbone, and combinations thereof; (b) at least one unit of terephthaloyl moiety; and (c) at least one unsulfonated unit, the unit is a 1,2 _ ethylene oxide moieties; and (2) - one or more capping units, the end-capping units selected from nonionic capping single

15元、阴离子封端单元,如烷氧基化(通常乙氧基化)羟乙基磺酸根、烷氧基化丙磺酸根、烷氧基化丙二磺酸根、烷氧基化苯酚磺酸根、磺基芳酰基衍生物、以及它们的混合物。 $ 15, anionic capping units such as alkoxylated (usually ethoxylated) hydroxyethyl sulfonate, propyl sulfonate alkoxylation, alkoxylated propylene sulfonate, alkoxylated phenol sulfonate , sulfoaroyl derivatives and mixtures thereof. 优选具有下列经验式的酯: Preferably an ester having the empirical formula:

[0142] ((CAP) a (EG/PG) b (DEG) CPEG) d (T) e (SIP) f (SEG) g (B) h) [0142] ((CAP) a (EG / PG) b (DEG) CPEG) d (T) e (SIP) f (SEG) g (B) h)

[0143] 其中CAP、EG/PG、PEG、T和SIP如上文所限定,DEG表示二(氧乙烯)氧单元,SEG 表示衍生自甘油的磺乙基醚单元和相关部分单元,B表示至少三官能的支化单元,从而形成酯键,获得支化的低聚主链,a为约1至约12,b为约0. 5至约25,c为0至约12,d为0至约10,b+c+d的和为约0. 5至约25,e为约1. 5至约25,f为0至约12 ;e+f的和为约1. 5至约25,g为约0. 05至约12 ;h为约0. 01至约10,并且a、b、c、d、e、f、g和h表示相应单元每摩尔酯的平均摩尔数;并且所述酯具有的分子量在约500至约5,000范围内;和纤维质衍生物,如以商品名METH0CEL®得自Dow的羟基醚纤维质聚合物K1-C4烷基纤维素和C4羟烷基纤维素,参见1976年12月28日提交的授予Nicol等人的美国专利4,000, 093,并且所述甲基纤维素醚具有每脱水葡萄糖单元约1. 6至约2. 3的平均取代度(甲基)和20°C下以2%含水的溶液形式测得 [0143] wherein CAP, EG / PG, PEG, T and SIP are as defined hereinabove, DEG represents di (oxyethylene) oxy units, SEG represents units derived from the sulfoethyl ether of glycerin and related units partial units, B represents at least three polyfunctional branching unit, thereby forming an ester bond, to obtain a branched oligomer backbone, a is from about 1 to about 12, b is from about 0.5 to about 25, c is from 0 to about 12, d is from 0 to about 10, b + c + d is between about 0.5 and about 25, e is from about 1.5 to about 25, f is from 0 to about 12; e + f is about 1.5 and about 25, g from about 0.05 to about 12 is; h is from about 0.01 to about 10, and a, b, c, d, e, f, g and h represent the average number of moles of the corresponding units per mole of ester; and the ester has a molecular weight in the range of from about 500 to about 5,000; and cellulosic derivatives such as tradename from Dow METH0CEL® hydroxy ether cellulosic polymers K1-C4 alkyl celluloses and C4 hydroxyalkyl cellulose , see U. Nicol, et al December 28, 1976, filed in the U.S. Patent No. 4,000, 093, and the methyl cellulose ethers having an average substitution per anhydroglucose unit from about 1.6 to about 2.3 degree ( under meth) and 20 ° C in the form of an aqueous 2% solution measured 约80至约120厘泊的溶液粘度。 The solution viscosity of from about 80 to about 120 centipoise. 此类物质以商品名MET0L0SE SM100®和MET0L0SE SM200®获得,其为由Shinetsu Kagaku Kogyo KK生产的甲基纤维素醚的商品名。 Such materials tradename MET0L0SE SM100® and MET0L0SE SM200® obtained, which by Shinetsu Kagaku Kogyo KK under the trade name of methyl cellulose ethers produced.

[0144] 酶-本发明的组合物还可包含酶。 [0144] Enzymes - The compositions of the present invention may further comprise an enzyme. 当存在于洗涤剂组合物中时,所述酶按所述组合物的重量计以约0. 00001至约2 %,约0. 0001至约1%,或甚至约0. 001至约0. 5%或 When present in the detergent compositions, the enzyme by weight of the composition, from about 0.00001 to about 2%, from about 0.0001 to about 1%, or even from about 0 to about 0.001. or 5%

0. 02%的酶蛋白质的量存在。 Present in an amount of 0.02% enzyme protein.

[0145] 合适的酶的实例包括但不限于半纤维素酶,过氧化物酶、蛋白酶、纤维素酶、木聚糖酶、脂肪酶、磷脂酶、酯酶、角质酶、果胶酶、甘露聚糖酶、果胶裂解酶、角蛋白酶、还原酶、 氧化酶、酚氧化酶、脂氧合酶、木素酶、支链淀粉酶、鞣酸酶、戊聚糖酶、麦拉宁酶、β “葡聚糖酶、阿拉伯糖酶、透明质酸酶、软骨素酶、漆酶和淀粉酶、或它们的混合物。 [0145] Examples of suitable enzymes include, but are not limited to, hemicellulases, peroxidases, proteases, cellulases, xylanases, lipases, phospholipases, esterases, cutinases, pectinases, mannose xylanases, pectin lyases, keratinase, reductase, oxidase, phenoloxidase, lipoxygenase, ligninase, pullulanase, tannase, pentosanase, melanin enzyme, β "glucanases, arabinosidases, hyaluronidase, chondroitinase, laccase, and amylases, or mixtures thereof.

[0146] 酶稳定剂-可通过多种技术来稳定用于洗涤剂的酶。 [0146] Enzyme Stabilizers - can be stabilized by various techniques used in the detergent enzymes. 本发明使用的酶可由最终组合物中存在的钙和/或镁离子水溶性源来稳定,最终组合物将这种离子提供给酶。 The enzymes employed herein may be present in the final composition of calcium and / or magnesium ions stable water-soluble sources, the final composition will provide such ions to the enzymes. 在包含蛋白酶的含水组合物情况下,可加入可逆蛋白酶抑制剂例如硼化合物以进一步改善稳定性。 In aqueous compositions comprising protease, the reversible protease inhibitor may be added a boron compound, for example, to further improve stability.

[0147] 催化金属配合物-本发明的组合物可包含催化金属配合物。 [0147] Catalytic Metal Complexes - The compositions of the invention may comprise catalytic metal complexes. 当存在时,一类包含金属的漂白催化剂为包含具有指定漂白催化活性的过渡金属阳离子(如铜、铁、钛、钌、钨、 钼或锰阳离子)、具有很低或没有漂白催化活性的辅助金属阳离子(如锌或铝阳离子)和对于催化和辅助金属阳离子具有指定稳定性常数的螯合剂(尤其是乙二胺四乙酸、乙二胺四(亚甲基膦酸)以及它们的水溶性盐)的催化剂体系。 When present, a class of metal-containing bleach catalyst comprising a transition metal cation (e.g., copper, iron, titanium, ruthenium, tungsten, molybdenum, or manganese cations) defined bleach catalytic activity, having little or no bleach catalytic secondary activity metal cation (such as zinc or aluminum cations), and chelating agents (particularly ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, ethylenediaminetetra (methylenephosphonic acid) and water-soluble salts thereof for the catalytic and auxiliary metal cation having defined stability constants ) of the catalyst system. 上述催化剂公开于US 4,430,243 中。 Such catalysts are disclosed in US 4,430,243.

[0148] 如果需要,本发明组合物可借助锰化合物进行催化。 [0148] If desired, the compositions of the present invention can be catalyzed by means of a manganese compound. 上述化合物和用量为本领域熟知的,并且包括例如公开于US 5,576,282中的基于锰的催化剂。 Such compounds and levels well known in the art, and include, for example, disclosed in US 5,576,282 the manganese-based catalysts.

[0149] 可用于本发明的钴漂白催化剂是已知的,并且描述于例如US 5,597,936、 US 5,595,967中。 [0149] Cobalt bleach catalysts of the present invention are known and are described in e.g. US 5,597,936, US 5,595,967 in. 上述钴催化剂易于通过已知的方法制备,例如美国专利5,597,936和5,595, 967中所提出的方法。 Such cobalt catalysts are readily prepared by known methods, for example, U.S. Patent No. 5,597,936 and 5,595, 967 in the proposed method.

[0150] 本文的组合物还可适宜地包含配体的过渡金属配合物,所述配体例如bispidones (WO 05/042532A1)和/或大多环刚性配体(简写为“MRL”)。 The composition [0150] As used herein may also suitably include a transition metal-ligand complexes, the ligand e.g. bispidones (WO 05 / 042532A1) and / or macropolycyclic rigid ligands (abbreviated as "MRL"). 作为实施项,而不受限制,可调节本文的组合物和方法,使得在含水洗涤介质中提供大约至少一亿分之一的活性MRL物质,并且在洗涤液体中将通常提供为约0. 005ppm至约25ppm,约0. 05ppm至约IOppm,或甚至约0. Ippm至约5ppm的MRL。 As a practical matter about 0. 005ppm, without limitation, can adjust the compositions and methods herein, provided that at least one of the active MRL species of approximately one hundred million of the aqueous washing medium, and will typically provide in the wash liquor to to about 25ppm, about 0. 05ppm to about IOppm, or even from about 5ppm, of the MRL to about 0. Ippm.

[0151] 本发明过渡金属漂白催化剂中合适的过渡金属包括例如锰、铁和铬。 [0151] The present invention is a transition-metal bleach catalyst comprising a suitable transition metals such as manganese, iron and chromium. 合适的MRL 包括5,12-二乙基-1,5,8,12_四氮杂双环[6. 6. 2]十六烷。 Suitable MRL's include 5,12-diethyl -1,5,8,12_ four azabicyclo [6 6.2] hexadecane.

[0152] 通过已知步骤易于制备合适的过渡金属MRL,例如在WO 00/32601和US 6,225,464中所提出的。 [0152] Suitable transition metals are readily prepared by known procedures MRL, for example, in WO 00/32601 and in US 6,225,464 proposed.

[0153] 软化体系_本发明的组合物可包含软化剂,如通过洗涤软化的粘土。 [0153] SOFTENING SYSTEM _ compositions of the invention may comprise a softening agent, softening through the wash such as clay. 所述组合物还可包含带电的聚合物织物软化促进组分。 The composition may further comprise a charged polymeric fabric softening promoting component.

[0154] 着色剂-本发明的组合物可包含着色剂,通常为染料或颜料。 [0154] COLORANT - the compositions of the invention may comprise a colorant, typically a dye or a pigment. 尤其优选的染料是衣物洗涤循环期间可通过氧化而被消除的那些。 Especially preferred dyes are during a laundry wash cycle may be eliminated by oxidation of those. 为确保染料在储存期间不分解,优选在高达40°C温度下稳定的 To ensure that the dye does not decompose during storage, preferably at a temperature up to 40 ° C stable

[0155] 染料。 [0155] dye. 通过确保组合物的水含量尽可能低,可增加染料在所述组合物中的稳定性。 By ensuring that the water content of the composition as low as possible, increase the stability of the dye composition. 如果可能,染料或颜料不应与纺织物纤维结合或反应。 If possible, the dyes or pigments should not bind to or react with textile fibers. 如果着色剂确实与纺织物纤维反应,则赋予纺织物的颜色应可通过与衣物洗涤液体中存在的氧化剂反应而被消除。 If the colorant does react with textile fibers, the color imparted to the textiles should be eliminated by an oxidizing agent is present in laundry wash liquor. 这避免了纺织物着色,尤其是经历若干次洗涤之后。 This avoids the coloration of the textiles, especially after undergoing several washes. 尤其优选的染料包括但不限于得自BASF的Basacid®Green 970 和得自Albion 的单星蓝。 Particularly, preferred dyes include but are not limited to, available from BASF obtained Basacid®Green 970 and Monastral blue from Albion.

[0156] 下列实施例仅以例证形式给出,因此不可解释为是对本发明范围的限制。 [0156] The following examples are given by way of illustration only, and thus are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.

实施例 Example

[0157] [0157]

Figure CN102471733AD00181

[0158] [0158]

[0159] 干加颗粒。 [0159] dry-added particles.

[0160] 不应将本文所公开的量纲和值理解为对所引用精确值的严格限制。 [0160] disclosed herein are not to be understood as being strictly dimensions and limiting the value of the exact numerical values ​​recited. 相反,除非另外指明,每个这样的量纲旨在表示所引用的值和围绕该值功能上等同的范围。 Instead, unless otherwise specified, each such dimension is intended to mean both the recited value and about equivalent to the function value range. 例如,公开为“40mm”的量纲旨在表示“约40mm”。 For example, the public is "40mm" dimension is intended to mean "about 40mm".

[0161] 除非明确排除或换句话讲有所限制,本文中引用的每一个文件,包括任何交叉引用或相关专利或专利申请,均据此以引用方式全文并入本文。 [0161] Unless expressly excluded or otherwise limited, each document cited herein, including any cross referenced or related patent or application, are hereby incorporated by reference herein. 对任何文献的引用并不是对本文所公开或受权利要求书保护的任何本发明内容是现有技术的认可,或并不是对其自身或与其任何其它一篇或多篇参考文献的组合教导、建议或公开了任何本发明内容的认可。 Reference to any document herein is not disclosed or any SUMMARY The present invention is claimed in the prior art are recognized or not its own or in combination with any other teachings that one or more references, recommend or endorse any of this content is disclosed invention. 此外,如果本文中术语的任何含义或定义与以引用方式并入的文献中相同术语的任何含义或定义相冲突,则应以本文中指定给该术语的含义或定义为准。 Further, if any meaning or definition of any meaning or definition of a term in this document in the same term in the incorporated by reference conflict, the term should be assigned to the meaning or definition herein shall prevail.

[0162] 尽管举例说明和描述了本发明的特定实施方案,但是对本领域的技术人员显而易见的是,在不背离本发明的实质和范围的情况下可作出许多其它的改变和变型。 [0162] Although illustrated and described particular embodiments of the invention, but those skilled in the art will be apparent that many other changes may be made and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. 因此,所附权利要求旨在涵盖处于本发明范围内的所有这些改变和变型。 Thus, in the appended claims it is intended to cover all such changes and modifications within the scope of the claimed invention.

Claims (13)

1. 一种固体洗涤剂组合物,所述组合物包含阴离子表面活性剂和单丙醇胺抗衡离子的 A solid detergent composition, said composition comprising an anionic surfactant and a counterion monopropanolamine
2.如权利要求1所述的组合物,所述组合物包含小于约10%的磷酸盐助洗剂和硅铝酸盐助洗剂。 2. The composition according to claim 1, said composition comprises less than about 10% of phosphate builder and aluminosilicate builder.
3.如权利要求1所述的组合物,所述组合物包含小于约15%的表面活性剂。 A composition according to claim 1, said surfactant composition comprises less than about 15%.
4.如权利要求1所述的组合物,所述组合物包含阴离子表面活性剂和单丙醇胺抗衡离子的盐,所述单丙醇胺抗衡离子选自2-氨基-1-丙醇、1-氨基-2-丙醇、1-氨基-3-丙醇以及它们的混合物。 4. The composition according to claim 1, said composition comprising a salt and an anionic surfactant counterions monopropanolamine, monopropanolamine the counterion is selected from 2-amino-1-propanol, amino-2-propanol, 1-amino-3-propanol, and mixtures thereof.
5.如权利要求1所述的组合物,所述组合物包含单丙醇胺抗衡离子和阴离子表面活性剂的盐,所述阴离子表面活性剂选自烷基酯磺酸盐;直链、支链和改性的烷基苯磺酸盐; C10-C18烷基烷氧基硫酸盐;C1(1_2(1伯、支链和无规烷基硫酸盐;Cltl-C18仲(2,3)烷基硫酸盐; C10-C18烷基烷氧基羧酸盐;脂肪酸;中链支化的烷基硫酸盐;中链支化的烷基烷氧基硫酸盐;α -烯烃磺酸盐;磷酸酯;以及它们的混合物。 5. The composition according to claim 1, said composition comprising monopropanolamine salt counterion and an anionic surfactant, the anionic surfactant is selected from alkyl ester sulfonates; linear, branched, chain and modified alkylbenzene sulfonate; C10-C18 alkyl alkoxy sulfates; C1 (1_2 (1 primary, branched-chain and random alkyl sulfates; Cltl-C18 secondary (2,3) alkyl sulfates; C10-C18 alkyl alkoxy carboxylates; fatty acids; mid-chain branched alkyl sulfate; mid-chain branched alkyl alkoxy sulfates; α - olefin sulfonate; phosphate ; and mixtures thereof.
6.如权利要求1所述的组合物,所述组合物包含按重量计至少约0. 4%的阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的一种或多种盐。 6. The composition according to claim 1, said composition comprising one or more salt by weight, at least about 0.4% of an anionic surfactant and alkyl amine counterions.
7.如权利要求1所述的组合物,其中阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐与阴离子表面活性剂的盐的总量的比率为介于约0. 03和约0. 3之间。 7. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ratio of the total amount of anionic surfactant and alkyl amine salt of a salt counterion and an anionic surfactant is between about 0.03 and about 0.3 .
8. 一种包含阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐的固体洗涤剂组合物,所述洗涤剂组合物包含小于约10%的磷酸盐助洗剂和硅铝酸盐助洗剂。 A surfactant comprising a salt of alkylamine and an anionic counterion solid detergent composition, the detergent composition comprises less than about 10% of phosphate builder and aluminosilicate builder.
9.如权利要求8所述的组合物,所述组合物包含阴离子表面活性剂和单丙醇胺抗衡离子的盐。 9. The composition according to claim 8, said composition comprising an anionic surfactant and a salt monopropanolamine counterion.
10.如权利要求8所述的组合物,所述组合物包含阴离子表面活性剂和单丙醇胺抗衡离子的盐,所述单丙醇胺抗衡离子选自2-氨基-1-丙醇、1-氨基-2-丙醇、1-氨基-3-丙醇以及它们的混合物。 10. The composition according to claim 8, said composition comprising a salt and an anionic surfactant counterions monopropanolamine, monopropanolamine the counterion is selected from 2-amino-1-propanol, amino-2-propanol, 1-amino-3-propanol, and mixtures thereof.
11. 一种包含阴离子表面活性剂和烷基胺抗衡离子的盐的固体洗涤剂组合物,所述洗涤剂组合物包含小于14%的表面活性剂。 11. A salt comprising an anionic surfactant and alkyl amine counterions solid detergent composition, the detergent composition comprises a surfactant less than 14%.
12.如权利要求11所述的组合物,所述组合物包含阴离子表面活性剂和单丙醇胺抗衡离子的盐。 12. The composition of claim 11, said composition comprising an anionic surfactant and a salt monopropanolamine counterion.
13.如权利要求11所述的组合物,所述组合物包含阴离子表面活性剂和单丙醇胺抗衡离子的盐,所述单丙醇胺抗衡离子选自2-氨基-1-丙醇、1-氨基-2-丙醇、1-氨基-3-丙醇以及它们的混合物。 13. The composition of claim 11, said composition comprising a salt and an anionic surfactant counterions monopropanolamine, monopropanolamine the counterion is selected from 2-amino-1-propanol, amino-2-propanol, 1-amino-3-propanol, and mixtures thereof.
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