CN102458095A - Vegetation board, method for manufacturing same, and greening system using same - Google Patents

Vegetation board, method for manufacturing same, and greening system using same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102458095A
CN102458095A CN2010800326025A CN201080032602A CN102458095A CN 102458095 A CN102458095 A CN 102458095A CN 2010800326025 A CN2010800326025 A CN 2010800326025A CN 201080032602 A CN201080032602 A CN 201080032602A CN 102458095 A CN102458095 A CN 102458095A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plant
greening
plate
mentioned
water
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Granted
Application number
CN2010800326025A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102458095B (en
Inventor
金准善
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Cork World Ltd
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金准善
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Publication date
Priority to KR10-2009-0044924 priority Critical
Priority to KR1020090044924A priority patent/KR100934787B1/en
Application filed by 金准善 filed Critical 金准善
Priority to PCT/KR2010/003211 priority patent/WO2010134777A2/en
Publication of CN102458095A publication Critical patent/CN102458095A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102458095B publication Critical patent/CN102458095B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/022Pots for vertical horticulture
    • A01G9/025Containers and elements for greening walls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/006Accessories for aquaria or terraria
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2

Abstract

The present invention relates to a vegetation board produced from carbonized cork, to a method for manufacturing same, and to an greening system using same. The vegetation board of the present invention comprises: a main body which has a convex-concave front surface and a smooth rear surface, and which is produced from carbonized cork; vegetation grooves formed over the entirety of the front surface of the main body to provide spaces for sowing seeds or to provide for the rooting activity of plants; and plants planted in the respective vegetation grooves, thereby planting plants over the entirety of the surface of the vegetation board to be used in greening and planting walls.; As the vegetation board of the present invention is produced from carbonized cork materials, it is flame retardant, enables easy maintenance, has offensive odor absorbing effects, and has low thermal conductivity and thus exhibits remarkable cooling/heating energy-saving effects when used in constructing walls.

Description

Plate from plant wastes, preparation method and the natural greening system that utilizes the method
Technical field
The invention relates to the natural greening system that is used for the green vegetation chassis of wall and its manufacturing approach and utilizes it.Concrete, it is a nonflammable material, is prone to keep remediation management, the effect that absorbs stench is arranged, and pyroconductivity is low, so, the energy resource consumption of the changes in temperature of reduction gas is arranged.Can utilize in addition, be close environmental product again, can regulate moisture.Moreover, be used in that lasting moisture does not also corrode in exposing or corrupt, it is uneven to utilize carbonized cork to get Surface Machining, forms the hole in the direction of oblique line, makes grass, liver moss, plant vegetation such as flower or wood.Be used for wall greening, the vegetation chassis of making and preparation method and the natural greening system that utilizes it to this plant attaching wall.
Background technology
Recently for the raising of improvement the cares degree of living environment, people constantly attempt afforesting the apartment, the outer wall of various buildings such as mansion or build entry, indoor walls such as office and parlor, apartment and balcony.
The most ancient wall greening method is in ground or flowerpot, to plant to climb the wall plant and make it oneself climb up wall.The serious problems of such method are can plant the plant quantity of planting to limit, and plant can't adapt to indoor.
In order overcoming the above problems a high-lighting flowerpot to be set, in this flowerpot, to plant the method for planting various flowers and plants or the vegetation brick that use can grow being arranged at wall.These methods are because its method to set up is more loaded down with trivial details, and expense is high and not widely-used.
And domestic practical new departure is registered 20-040216 number, and (date of publication: the fixed outside that is limited in building 2005.11.28) is supported platform; Fixedly the inboard is provided with the complete set of equipments box of non-weaving cloth in above-mentioned support platform; The fixator that opposite side is fixed in the complete set of equipments box in the above-mentioned outer wall, the wall greening construction that above-mentioned complete set of equipments box non-weaving cloth is solid with light local soil type one-tenth.
Though such structure is a part of of indoor and outdoor wall or all plant various flowers and plants; Shrub; Vine plant can beautify its living space; The light soil that fills up in the above-mentioned complete set of equipments cassette interior absorbs the necessary moisture of plant growing, and longer because its weight complete set of equipments box of time will break away from and very high toward the possibility that drops from wall.So, be exactly to use what material appropriately in order to let planting of root under the plant plant layer in order just to afforest the very important problem of wall effectively.
Moreover, the possibility of greening comprehensively and need the required appropriate material of various plants growth should be arranged in short-term in above wall greening system.And, the material that in the greening of above wall, uses because of himself weight with absorb the situation that water drops and consider use the lightest material.Self fine view can be provided in addition, die or resting stage such as winter also can provide natural landscape in the outside plant.
And above wall greening system can not let attachment formation beyond the region of objective existence such as various support platforms be exposed on the external to make its appearance keep good state and good soundproof effect is arranged.
Moreover above system should have that easy-on can adhere to construction on wall, handling eases such as cut-out, advantages such as prevention insect or various fungus grown.Because, need outstanding antibacterial ability and make it variously mouldly wait mushrooms not grow to keep clean state in Hypoventilated situation about being provided with in indoor.And, need in indoor and outdoor can be used for a long time the property purchased and satisfy multiple external conditions such as thermal change and chemical reaction are insensitive.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is in order to solve old problem such as above-mentioned grade.This purpose provides nonflammable material, is prone to keep remediation management, the effect that absorbs stench is arranged, and pyroconductivity is low, so, the energy resource consumption of the changes in temperature of reduction gas is arranged.Can utilize in addition, be close environmental product again, can regulate moisture.Moreover, be used in the lasting moisture exposure and also do not corrode or corrupt vegetation chassis and preparation method
Also have, other purpose of the present invention is that to utilize carbonized cork to get Surface Machining uneven, forms the hole in the direction of oblique line, makes grass, liver moss, plant vegetation such as flower or wood.And create not only and be used for the wall greening to this plant attaching wall, at the natural greening system of the magnificent and natural interior trim design article of outward appearance in indoor mid-term.
In order to realize the above object; The front is to use rough male and fomale(M&F) when using surperficial vegetation to be used for the vegetation chassis of wall greening among the present invention; The back is with the body of average carbonized cork material; The vegetation hole that above-mentioned integral body has the seed of plant or is prone to adhere to, and the plant of vegetation in the above-mentioned vegetation hole make its surperficial vegetation greening wall.
So vegetation chassis self is repaired management with regard to the carbonized cork with nonflammable material because be prone to keep among the present invention, and the effect that absorbs stench is arranged, because of its low pyroconductivity, can reduce during the wall construction in cold and hot gas energy resource consumption.And such a vegetation chassis can utilize at any time again, is close environmental product, and the moisture regulatory function is arranged, and in the moisture that continues exposes, does not also corrode or corruption, is best wall greening material.
In order to reach the above object; When using surperficial vegetation to be used for the vegetation chassis of wall greening among the present invention; Bark of Oak Tree and cork are put into squeezer the inside heating and pressurizing with robe bast and crust and the curst partial combustion of the particle pulverized forms active carbon; And the native paraffin composition of skin portion makes the glutinous stage together of particles in utilizing: and comprise that to form the front be to use rough male and fomale(M&F); The back is with the body of average carbonized cork material, and the integral body of above-mentioned body has the seed of plant or follows the stage in the vegetation hole that is prone to adhere to.
Bark and cork through these Oak Trees are put into the carbonized cork material vegetation chassis that squeezer the inside heating and pressurizing forms with robe bast and crust; Make its surface irregularity, at the direction formation hole of oblique line, vegetation grass; Liver moss; Plants such as flower or wood make it adhere to wall, make outer wall form outstanding wall greening.
The present invention is in order to reach above purpose; When the wall vegetation makes its greening form the nature greening system; The front is to use rough male and fomale(M&F); The back is with the body of average carbonized cork material, and above-mentioned integral body has the seed of plant or follows the vegetation chassis of the carbonized cork material in the vegetation hole that is prone to adhere to; The aft section on above-mentioned vegetation chassis or whole waterproof membranes; Be fixed on the above-mentioned vegetation chassis and the film that discharges water the support platform of wall; And in the vegetation hole vegetation ground plant, comprise abovely, and make its greening at surperficial vegetation.
And, utilize the vegetation chassis of carbonized cork material to adhere to wall, vegetation grass, liver moss, plant landscape walls such as flower or trees.So, can the natural vegetation plant at outdoor vertical wall or do not have in the wall of rock of rule also, can also be at the magnificent and natural indoor design product of indoor formation outward appearance.
The present invention when being formed on the natural greening system of wall vegetation greening wall, forms a certain size space in order to reach above purpose in inside; Above-mentioned space separates with splash guard, the positive fish jar that forms with clear glass that forms, and the back then forms the Machine Room that can adorn thing of a box type; Utilize support facility to adhere to wall from the indoor inside of machinery in the fish jar front of splash guard; The surface forms with rough male and fomale(M&F), the vegetation chassis of the carbonized cork material that planting seed of plant or the root of plant are prone to adhere to, and the return pipe that can suck water is set in the above-mentioned machinery; Utilize return pipe the filter of the water filtration decontamination that sucks; Again be discharged to the water fits that makes its water circulation in the fish jar to water through filter, comprise abovely, and make its greening fish jar wall at surperficial vegetation.Through above program, adhere to a part of wall of fish jar to the vegetation chassis of carbonized cork material, the vegetation grass, liver moss, plant landscape fish jar inside such as flower or trees are at the indoor magnificent and natural indoor design product of outward appearance that also can form.
The present invention is in order to reach above purpose; When being formed on the natural greening system of wall vegetation greening wall; Form a certain size space in inside; Be divided into the 1st and the 2nd splash guard to above-mentioned space, form the fish jar that forms by clear glass, respectively form the box type sleeve pipe of the 1st and the 2nd Machine Room in both sides in central authorities; Fish jar side wall surface at above-mentioned inside pipe casing adheres to support facility; The surface is to have rough male and fomale(M&F) to form; The vegetation chassis of the carbonized cork material that planting seed of plant or the root of plant are prone to adhere to; Make up the 1st return pipe that can suck water in the fish jar in above-mentioned the 1st Machine Room; The 1st water pumper that removes slag the water filtration that flows into through the 1st return pipe is to such an extent as to supply to the vegetation chassis, top, vegetation chassis of fish jar and the 1st water pumper that plant can be supplied with moisture to the water of the fish jar through the 1st water pumper; And above-mentioned the 2nd return pipe that is positioned at the suction fish jar water of the 2nd Machine Room; The 2nd water pumper that removes slag through the water filtration of above-mentioned the 2nd return pipe; Flow into the 2nd water pumper that fish jar makes the water circulation of fish jar to above-mentioned water, through the wall of above program at the surperficial vegetation greening fish jar on vegetation chassis through the 2nd water pumper.Also have, adhere to a part of wall of fish jar to the vegetation chassis of carbonized cork material, the vegetation grass, liver moss, plant landscape fish jar inside such as flower or trees are at the indoor magnificent and natural indoor design product of outward appearance that also can form.
The carbonized cork material that forms because the bark and the cork that use Oak Tree are put into heating and pressurizing inside the squeezer with robe bast and crust among the present invention and make the vegetation chassis; Manage because of being prone to keep repair; The effect that absorbs stench is arranged; Because of its low pyroconductivity, can reduce during the wall construction in cold and hot gas energy resource consumption.
And such a vegetation chassis can utilize at any time again, is close environmental product, and the moisture regulatory function is arranged, and in the moisture that continues exposes, does not also corrode or corruption, is best wall greening material.
Also have, the present invention is that to utilize carbonized cork to get Surface Machining uneven, forms the hole in the direction of oblique line, makes grass, liver moss, plant vegetation such as flower or wood.Adhere to wall to it and form the wall greening, thus can the natural vegetation plant on irregular walls such as outdoor vertical walls or rock, and in indoor, form and see the outstanding effect that magnificent and natural interior trim designs article.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the outward appearance oblique view on the vegetation chassis shown in the invention.
Fig. 2 a and 2b are the pictures on the vegetation chassis of forming with carbonized cork shown in the invention
Fig. 3 a utilizes the outward appearance oblique view of vegetation chassis at the natural greening system of outdoor vertical walls greening shown in the invention.
Fig. 3 b is that the outward appearance oblique view of refreshing chassis at the natural greening system of outdoor artificial waterfall rock upper wall surface greening planted in the utilization shown in the invention
Fig. 4 a is fixed on the profile of the support platform of wall to the vegetation chassis in the natural greening system shown in the invention
Fig. 4 b supplies with the key diagram of the structure of water in the natural greening system shown in the invention vegetation chassis
Fig. 5 a is the state picture that utilizes the nature greening system to afforest wall shown in the invention
Fig. 5 b utilizes the nature greening system the state picture of wall greening shown in the old technology
Fig. 5 c is that old another kind utilizes the nature greening system the state picture of wall greening
Fig. 6 a is the exploded perspective view that utilizes the nature greening system to design at indoor flatbed fish jar shown in the present
Fig. 6 b is the profile of Fig. 6 a
Fig. 7 a is the exploded perspective view that utilizes the nature greening system to design at indoor ultra-thin fish jar shown in the present
Fig. 7 b is the profile of Fig. 7 a
The symbol description of major part in the accompanying drawing
1..... vegetation chassis shown in the present
10.... body 10a.... is positive
10b.... back 30.... plant
35.... waterproof membrane 50..... support facility
60.... wall body 65..... crag
70.... water supply system 72..... tank
75.... water pumper 77..... nozzle
80.... drainpipe 82..... timer
100,200,300..... natural greening system of the present invention
100,100 " ... old wall greening system
210,310.... sleeve pipe 212..... adjutage
215,315... clear glass 220,320..... fish jar
230..... Machine Room 250.... water fits
252.... the 1st water pumper 254.... the 2nd water pumper
256... return pipe 260... filter
264.... soil outlet 268... discharge pipe
268a... nozzle 312a, 312b.... the 1st and the 2nd adjutage
330a, 330b the 1st and the 2nd Machine Room 352... the 1st water pumper
354.... the 2nd water pumper 356a.... the 1st return pipe
356b.... the 2nd return pipe 360a.... the 1st filter
360b.... the 2nd filter 380.... drainpipe
Embodiment
Below, suitable enforcement for example of the present invention specifies with reference to drawing.
Vegetation chassis (1) shown in the present is like Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 2; Plate body (10) with carbonized cork (CARBONIZED cork BOARD), above carbonized cork body (10) are to burn till the material of lift face with robe bast and crust heating and pressurizing by bark of Oak Tree and cork.
Above carbonized cork body (10) has outstanding antibiotic property, mould and little insect, and ant can't survive.Above carbonized cork body (10) has following physical characteristic.
The service limits of temperature :-180 ℃~130 ℃
The conductivity of steam: 2,000.10~8g.cm/h.cm 2.mm.Hg
The patience of steam: 4~5g/24h.m 2.mm.Hg
The length rate of change for temperature: 3*10-5~4*10-5 (scope of temperature: 20~100 ℃)
Curved property: 1.7~2.5kg/m 2
Use and limit pressure: 25,000kg/m 2
The destruction point of tension level intensity: 4kg/cm 2More than
The diffusibility of heat: 0.0005~0.00073m 2/ h
Than focus: on 20 ℃ the temperature 0.45~0.50Kcal/kg ℃
* the patience of water: the corrosion phenomenon that produces because of moisture does not take place
Water or hydrogen chloride in boiling do not decompose in the acid
Modification: 0.5kg/cm 2100 days after 3%, the modification of the high more carbonized cork of density is few more.
The body of above-mentioned carbonized cork (10) is that front (10a) is formed by rough male and fomale(M&F), and (10b) is formed by level and smooth plane at the back.Its suitable size is 500mm*500mm*50T; Below weight: the 2kg (500mm*500mm benchmark), body of wall (60) load: below the every area 8kg of 1m*1m, principal component: natural cork (carbonization); Be active carbon and also the time 100% natural close environmental product, so can utilize again.
The front (10a) on above vegetation chassis (1) is the face of plant (30) vegetation, so, in order to improve the moisture absorption dynamics, forming beauty of nature and see image, the root of planting seed of plant (30) or plant (30) is prone to plant alive and will carries out rough concavo-convex processing.
And the front of above-mentioned body (10) forms the vegetation mouth (20) that falls in that form for the root of sowing that makes plant (30) seed or plant (30) is planted alive easily.Such a vegetation mouth (20) preferably is formed on the oblique line of body (10).And vegetation is careless in the vegetation mouth (20) of body (10) like this, trees, plants such as moss tongue.
And, preferably can not paste health through waterproof membrane (35) alite paste that the rear utilizes polyvinyl chloride (PVC) material or comprises plastic material among the present invention for the root of the water of the back side body (10) of above-mentioned body (10) and plant.
The back side is the intransitable material of the root of water and plant, for example, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), the waterproof membrane of multiple plastics such as plastics or fiber (35), waterproof membrane (35) is incombustibe material matter and can not passes through water like this, but can be more satisfactory through the material of air.
Such waterproof membrane (35) utilization comprises the part of the alite paste stickup body (10) of silicon or adhesive, in construction, pastes body (10) easily thereby improve endurance, can protect the building outer wall in the propagation of the building outer wall blocks moisture of constructing.
And the front maximum capacity enhancing moisture storage capacity of above-mentioned body (10), for the necessary organic principle of growth that plant (30) is provided need be used soil.Be sprinkled upon the front (10a) of body (10) like this with soil, enter in the middle of rough mouthful, in the mouth that the words of spray water will be fixed on.Preferably constitute with soil like this by peat.
That is to say; Vegetation of the present invention chassis (1) is the difference according to present situation; The for example dry environment or the equipment of pouring water are incomplete, must exist with ... the situation of constructing under the additional situation of natural moisture, in order to maximize its moisture storage capacity; The growth of supplying with plants (30) such as peat in the front of convex-concave surface is organic principle necessarily, with fixing with soil of moisture storage capacity arranged.
Like this be powder or little bulk with soil, and, be sprinkled upon the surface of body (10), enter in the middle of rough mouthful, in the mouth that the words of spray water will be fixed on.The fixing like this words with soil do not add outside think or the situation of the power of physics under, the outer picture of situation that for example sucks with vacuum cleaner blows high wind, rainy natural cause can run off outward hardly.
Above-mentioned formed vegetation of the present invention chassis (1) is 100% natural material, so breaking out of fire is can not produce toxic gas, and particularly can be because of making it produce corrosion phenomenon.And, because do not have chemical reaction or corrosion reaction, can semipermanently use, thus in light weight be the lightweight construction thing, so and can to cut when construction with cutter convenient.
Below, be elaborated for the manufacturing approach on vegetation of the present invention chassis (1).
The manufacturing approach that vegetation chassis (1) shown in the present is is to be pulverized barrel shape the inside pressurized, heated of leaving over metal with robe bast and crust or processed with superheated steam heating and pressure combustion and lift face by the bark of Oak Tree and cork.
At this moment, inapplicable other alite paste of shaping on the vegetation chassis of forming with carbonized cork (1), and the native paraffin of the cork self that produces when using heating; So, have resistance to chemical reagents, moisture resistance; Elastic force property, tissue indeformable also has outstanding shockproof; Soundproof effect still is harmless product simultaneously.
At first, have and pulverize the bark of oak and oak with the stage of robe bast and crust, at this moment, can produce suitable space during for shaping talk oak, the size of sized particles is that 1cm~3cm is for the most suitable.
Secondly, be put into bark and the oak of the oak of pulverizing in the press (instrument of torture) with robe bast and crust, heat and pressurize, and the curst partial combustion of the particle of pulverizing becomes active carbon, interior skin portion then produces the native paraffin composition and sticks particle together.
When utilizing the stage of press heating and pressurization, then use soft and flexible robe bast part during the manufacturing of general cork products, but also use hard outer skin portion for antibacterial action and catharsis when the present invention makes vegetation chassis (1).
Club just, heating and the curst part that adds the cork of the pulverizing man-hour carbonization of then burning in press, charcoal had both become active carbon, can the effect of generation active carbon in the vegetation chassis.Such a active carbon can absorb the nitrate of water, reduces the nitric acid salinity of water and purifies waste water.Moreover the stench etc. that such active carbon can absorb periphery has the function of general charcoal.Also have, the ratio of the outer skin portion of robe tree had better not surpass the endothelium ratio, if the crust ratio is high more, in allocation process, will fully stir with interior skin bit.If fully do not stir, in the process of heating, in hard outer skin portion, can not produce the native paraffin composition, a little less than the material cohesion rate that forms like this, the words of inartificial allotment alite paste just can not form the material of anti-configuration.
And heating and pressurization form the soft interior skin portion of fiber, can produce the effect that native paraffin has alite paste, so, need not use alite paste in addition, can produce the carbonized cork of 100% natural close environment of suitable pore like this.The carbonized cork that heats and pressurize and make at press like this.
Like this, form in the stage of charing sheet profile plate from plant wastes (1), its ideal thickness range is 1cm~30cm.If with below the 1cm very thin the time be except liver moss etc. small be dark the living plant because of not forming suitable soil; Plant (30) can't take root; And if 30cm is the increase because of loading above the time, may be down sagging during construction, and saggingly can be fixed in the metal frame in order to prevent; But this can become the essential factor that the construction unit price rises, plan that therefore neither ideal.
Cork particle through the resulting plate from plant wastes of the present invention of above-mentioned manufacturing approach (1) the good matter that is charing forms, so it is very outstanding for external impact and absorbability, and its sound insulation and sound-absorbing effect are also very outstanding.In addition, it is also very low to the heat conductivity, and therefore disconnected thermal effect is also very outstanding, because of being 100% natural material, and the poisonous gas that when breaking out of fire, can not shed, particularly its antibiotic property is very outstanding, so can not take place because of moisture-induced corruption.
The manufacturing approach of also with good grounds plate from plant wastes of the present invention (1) is on its space of a whole page, to append to comprise in order not allow water and plant roots to see through the rear; Paste the stage of the waterproof membrane (35) that PVC material or plastic material included or can append the storage capacity that farthest moisturizes in the front of above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1) (10a) with alite paste (planing material); And in order plant (30) the needed organic principle of growing to be provided, the fixing stage that forms with native charcoal (peat composed of rotten mosses) with soil (planing material).Thus, be the front in a lot of holes of the rough formation of spreading with soil, be dispersed between each hole after, do not have alite paste only just can fix with sprinkling water.
Below, for utilizing, be described in more details with reference to drawing according to natural greening system of the present invention (100).
Utilization is that image pattern 3a and Fig. 3 b illustrate equally according to the natural greening system (100) of plate from plant wastes of the present invention, utilizes the plate from plant wastes (1) of carbonated material.
Such a plate from plant wastes (1) is same as in figure 1; Be cork with the bark of Oak Tree and cork with the endothelium of robur and crust give pulverize after; Put in the metal framework and compress, then through after hot gas or the pressurization of superheated steam heater, Plastic Forming is made; Therefore its front (10a) is rough male and fomale(M&F), and back (10b) is smooth light face.And be the sowing of plant (30) seed for ease or taking root of being more prone in front in (10a), forming the planting hole (20) of concavo-convex bow and arrow.
In addition; Think that in the formed hole, front (10a) of such plate from plant wastes (1) be the storage capacity that farthest moisturizes; Be for the needed organic principle of growth of plant (30) is provided, the seed of spreading soil charcoal (peat composed of rotten mosses) and plant or the liver moss of pulverizing and fixing.Therefore cultivate the plants such as flower, liver moss or tree in above-mentioned planting hole (20) through these, can be more prone to take root and grow up.
Also having the back of these plate from plant wastes (1) is to have possessed to cover a part or whole waterproof membrane (35), and is possessing the support means (50) that can be fixed on above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1) and waterproof membrane (35) body of wall (60).
Such a support means (50) are to give an example; Be exactly that image pattern 4 illustrates equally; Be with form to plate from plant wastes (1) and waterproof membrane (35) screw that connects and be fixed on body of wall (60) or with above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1) and waterproof membrane (35) to sticking on the formation of the glue of metope (60) or the alite paste that silica gel is included, be fixed on body of wall (60) to plate from plant wastes (1) and waterproof membrane (35).
Utilizing the natural greening system (100) according to the plate from plant wastes of the present invention that so constitutes is to plant living plant (30) afforesting wall surfaces on plate from plant wastes (1) surface; The words of giving an example; Image pattern 3a diagram is the same; Above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1) is identical specification majority lamination successively, fixes through support means (50) in vertical wall comprehensively.
Give an example in addition, image pattern 3b is the same, and the mutual different size of irregular cut-out is upward fixed through support means (50) at the bulkhead wall (65) of picture artificial waterfall, and planted the living plant of living groove (20) interplantation (30).
And then utilizing the greening system (100) of accepting as unavoidable according to plate from plant wastes of the present invention is that the plate from plant wastes (1) that has utilized charing is planted plants (30) such as giving birth to picture grass, liver moss, flower or tree; And stick on it and be used in wall greening on metope, therefore also can nature on outdoor vertical body of wall (60) of picture or the crag irregular walls such as (65) plant living plant (30).
In addition, utilizing the natural greening system (100) according to plate from plant wastes of the present invention is that image pattern 4b diagram is the same, can possess water system (70), and it is regional if this be arranged on the indoor or low water that can't supply water naturally, and effectiveness applies flexibly more.
Such a water system (70) is the tank (72) that has possessed storage water, and has and can supply water to the water pump (75) of plate from plant wastes (1) from above-mentioned tank (72).As these water pumps are the upsides that extend to plate from plant wastes (1), and end side is to have connected the drainpipe (80) with water spout (77), also can comprise the timer (82) that above-mentioned water pump (75) closes by the certain hour cycle switch.Utilize these water systems (70) to supply water for above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1), even if at indoor or low water that can't normal water supply regional also be more effectiveness carry out the wall greening.
Utilization is illustrating in Fig. 5 a, Fig. 5 b and Fig. 5 c according to the natural greening system (100) of plate from plant wastes of the present invention and the comparison diagram of wall greening system before.
That is, diagram is the same in Fig. 5 a, and utilize the natural greening system (100) according to plate from plant wastes of the present invention is just can afforest at once in body of wall (60) construction comprehensively, and does not definitely appear as the outside of the fixation construct of support means.Also be that plate from plant wastes (1) is emerging in the view that the outside provides nature the season that also has picture plant in winter (30) to get into dormancy.In addition, the thermal conductivity of plate from plant wastes (1) self is lower, can increase reducing and ultra light weight of heating energy during construction, also is difficult to receive the breeding of insect or mushroom on the characteristic because of the charing material.Therefore the effect that makes progress for the protection effect and the endurance of building outer wall is also very big.
Show equally among the opposite image pattern 5b, original wall greening system (100) is that the wall construction can be afforested at once comprehensively, is emerging in the outside and impairs attractive in appearance but be knotted structure.In addition, be to be knotted structure directly to be emerging in the outside during the plant dormancy as winter, so outward appearance is unnatural.In addition, its thermal conductivity is higher, and it is not good that the heating energy is reduced effect yet, and the loading of plate from plant wastes self is bigger, therefore need fix with brandreth, and construction cost can rise thus.
Also have the diagram of image pattern 5c the same, another kind of original wall greening system (100) is the form of on body of wall, pasting flowerpot, and artificial sensation is too heavy, and construction can't be accomplished comprehensive greening at once.Moreover, be can't plant to give birth in the such a flowerpot as various plants crowds such as liver mosses, therefore afforesting for wall is non-effectiveness.
In addition, even if utilize natural greening system according to plate from plant wastes of the present invention be indoor also be can be used in beautiful appearance and the decoration stage property of nature.
That is, image pattern 6a diagram is the same, and utilizing the natural greening system (200) according to plate from plant wastes of the present invention is also to constitute a kind of stand type fish jar decorative product.
These situation of picture; Utilization is to have possessed to be formed on inboard sleeve pipe (210) to a certain size space according to the natural greening system (200) of plate from plant wastes of the present invention; And these sleeve pipes (210) are to cut apart the space with before and after the splash guard (212); And be to form to be provided with the fish jar (220) of clear glass (215) in front, and be the box structure that forms the Machine Room (230) of built-in Machinery Ministry article in the back.
And these sleeve pipes (210) are that portion is through the plate from plant wastes (1) of support means at fish jar (220) the side front of splash guard (212) stickup carbonated material within it, and its surface is rough male and fomale(M&F), is convenient to sowing of plant (30) or taking root of plant (30).
Also have in the above-mentioned Machine Room (230) is that image pattern 6b diagram is the same; Have the means of drawing water (250); And these means of drawing water (250) are to possess to suck the return pipe (256) that is enclosed in the interior water of fish jar (220), and have the filter (260) that filters the water removal foreign substances that flows into through above-mentioned return pipe (256).In addition, the above-mentioned means of drawing water are to be discharged to the water through filter (260) in the fish jar (220) again, let the interior water of fish jar (220) circulate again.
These means of drawing water (250) are plate from plant wastes (1) upside that is supplied to fish jar (220) through the water of above-mentioned filter (260); And be supplied to fish jar (220) the 1st water pump (252) of moisture being provided for plate from plant wastes (1) and plant (30) with through the discharge opening (264) of the water of above-mentioned filter (260) fish jar (220) opposition side through being positioned at return pipe (256), so that the 2nd water pump (254) formation of yearning for direction current of return pipe (256) from the discharge opening (264) of fish jar (220) to be provided.
Be that the above-mentioned means of drawing water (250) are to have passed through the 1st water pump (252) to supply water for plate from plant wastes (1) upside of fish jar (220); And moisture is provided for plate from plant wastes (1) and plant; And be to have possessed water spout (268a) in its end in the discharge pipe (268) of these the 1st water pumps (252), can give wideer area supply moisture on the top of plate from plant wastes (1).
In addition; The above-mentioned means of drawing water (250) be through the 2nd water pump (254) the discharge opening (264) of fish jar (220) opposition side of the water that passes through filter (260) through being positioned at return pipe (256) toward fish jar (220) supply, and can form direction current of horizontal fish jar (220) from discharge opening (264) the yearning return pipe (256) of fish jar (220).And pass through it and give the interior supply oxygen of fish jar (220), and possesses the space that sashimi (raw fish) is deposited.
In addition, above-mentioned sleeve pipe (210) is the lighting means (280) that has possessed fluorescent lamp of comprising fish jar (220) upside etc., can illuminate fish jar (220) inside.Moreover, the present invention also can possess the oxygen supply pump (planing material) that can give the inner supply oxygen of fish jar (220) etc.
Also have to utilize natural greening system (300) according to plate from plant wastes of the present invention be with the above-mentioned different indoor beautiful and natural decoration stage properties of outward appearance that are used in that are configured in.
That is, show in Fig. 7 a that equally utilizing the natural greening system (300) according to plate from plant wastes of the present invention is to be used in a kind of ultrathin fish jar decorative product.
Think these situation; Utilization is to have possessed to be formed on inboard sleeve pipe (310) to a certain size space according to the natural greening system (300) of plate from plant wastes of the present invention; And be divided into the 1st and the 2nd splash guard (312a) to the space of above-mentioned sleeve pipe sleeve pipe (310) in the left and right sides (312b); And form the fish jar (320) be provided with clear glass (315) in central authorities, and in its both sides be can with each in the 1st and the 2nd Machine Room (330a) (330b) box structure make.The inside of these sleeve pipes (310) is on the body of wall of fish jar (320) the side back side, to pass through the plate from plant wastes (1) that support means (planing material) are pasted carbonated material.
These plate from plant wastes (1) are that its surface is rough male and fomale(M&F), are convenient to sowing of plant (30) or taking root of plant (30), thereby plant the plant (30) that gives birth to as grass, liver moss, flower or tree etc.
Also have image pattern 7b diagram the same; The 1st water pump (352) is arranged in above-mentioned the 1st Machine Room (330a); And the 1st water pump (352) is to possess to suck the 1st return pipe (356a) be contained in the fish jar (320), and has possessed to filter and flow into the 1st filter (360a) that water is removed foreign substances through above-mentioned the 1st return pipe.Be fed to plate from plant wastes (1) upside of fish jar (320) to water, thereby moisture be provided for plate from plant wastes (1) and plant (30) through above-mentioned the 1st filter (360a).
In addition; The 2nd water pump (354) is arranged in above-mentioned the 2nd Machine Room (330b); And the 2nd water pump (354) is to possess to suck the 2nd return pipe (356b) that is contained in the interior water of fish jar (320); And possessed the 2nd filter (360b) that filters the water removal foreign substances that flows into through above-mentioned the 2nd return pipe (356b), and be discharged to the water through above-mentioned the 2nd filter (360b) again in the fish jar (320), the interior water of fish jar (320) can be circulated.
Above-mentioned the 2nd water pump (354) is the center side formation discharge opening (364) of the drainpipe (380) of discharge water in the past fish jar (320) at fish jar (320) in these structures, forms from the central authorities of fish jar (320) and begins the twocouese current toward both sides.Be configured in the interior ample supply oxygen of fish jar (320) through these, form the space that sashimi (raw fish) is deposited.
In addition; Above-mentioned sleeve pipe (310) is that the upside at fish jar (320) has possessed the lighting means (planing material) that comprises fluorescent lamp; Light is provided not only for fish jar (320) inside, also can possesses the oxygen supply water pump (planing material) etc. that oxygen is provided to fish jar (320) inside.
Such a invention is to make to give the bark of Oak Tree and cork after the pulverizing with the endothelium of robur and crust, the plate from plant wastes (1) of the carbonated material that particle compresses, heating and Plastic Forming are come out, and utilizes it to be used in wall and afforests.And plate from plant wastes (1) itself is an incombustibe material matter, and maintenance is studied for a second time courses one has flunked easily, helps stench to absorb, during the wall construction because of the thermal conductivity angle, the reducing of the energy that helps heating.
Moreover, these plate from plant wastes (1) are no matter when can re-use, be close environment, can regulate moisture, can be not rotten or corrupt in the moisture of continuation exposes yet, therefore be the optimal selection of body of wall greening.Also having the present invention is that the plate from plant wastes (1) that utilizes charing becomes the uneven texture of can feeling to Surface Machining; And plant living with the oblique line punching as grass, liver moss, flower or the plant (30) of setting; And stick on metope to it and be used for wall greening, even if therefore also can be natural on as outdoor vertical body of wall (60) or the irregular metope of crag (65) plant living plant (30).In addition indoor also be the inside that can be arranged on fish jar (220) (320), be used for beautiful appearance and the nature the decoration stage property.
The present invention with reference to drawing, is elaborated about the particular implementation example in above-mentioned explanation.But the present invention is not limited only to these particular configuration.So long as possess the personnel of the identical knowledge of this industry, can enough multiple modes not revise or change embodiments of the invention even do not exceed the technological thought of the present invention and the interest field of record in the following patent claim yet.Give an example, be processed into specific image and size to plate from plant wastes, and be deformed into extension wall stage property or flowers articles for use to it.But what will clearly show at this is that modification or the design alteration structure of these simple embodiment all belongs within all one's effort scope of the present invention.

Claims (16)

1. a plate from plant wastes that is used for wall greening is planted living plant on its surface, and front (10a) forms with rough male and fomale(M&F), and the body (10) of back (10b) carbonated material that to be smooth plane form; The front of above-mentioned body (10) is the shape for falling in, and what be formed with sowing that is beneficial to plant (30) or the space of taking root plants living groove (20); And plant the plant (30) that living groove interplantation gives birth to and included above-mentioned, plant living plant (30) on the surface, be used in the wall greening and be the plate from plant wastes of characteristic (1).
2. a kind of plate from plant wastes that is used for the wall greening according to claim 1; It is characterized in that said body (10) is unifiedly at its back side to paste in body (10) whose and drink plant roots and can't comprise that the PVC material or the waterproof membrane of plastic material are the plate from plant wastes (1) of characteristic through the rear.
3. a kind of plate from plant wastes that is used for the wall greening according to claim 1; It is characterized in that said body (10) is to use endothelium of robur and crust to come out to be the plate from plant wastes (1) of characteristic for particle compression, heating and Plastic Forming after pulverizing to bark of Oak Tree and cork.
4. a kind of plate from plant wastes that is used for the wall greening according to claim 3; It is characterized in that; Said body (10) is at utmost to increase the moisture storage capacity in (10a) in front; And mix branch to the liver moss of seed of the native charcoal (peat composed of rotten mosses) of the needed organic principle of growth that plant (30) is provided and plant or pulverizing and spread, let it after being processed between the rough groove, watering is fixed as the vegetal plate (1) of characteristic.
5. a surface is planted living plant and is used for the plate from plant wastes manufacturing approach of wall greening, the stage of the particle that is ground into 1cm~3cm to the bark of Oak Tree and cork with endothelium and the crust of robur; Pack the bark of Oak Tree and cork behind the press into the endothelium of robur and crust; Heating and pressurizeing and be made into active carbon after the hard crust partial combustion of the particle pulverized; And stage that the native paraffin composition of skin portion is pasted by particles each other in utilizing and front are rough male and fomale(M&F) and the back is smooth plane, are made into the front and are plate from plant wastes (1) stage that helps the carbonated material of planting living groove (20) in the sowing of plant (30) or the space of taking root with male and fomale(M&F) to be included and be the manufacturing approach of the plate from plant wastes (1) of characteristic.
6. a kind of surface according to claim 5 is planted living plant and is used for the plate from plant wastes manufacturing approach of wall greening; It is characterized in that, paste the manufacturing approach that stage of not allowing the waterproof membrane (35) that water and plant roots included with PVC material or plastic material through the rear also appends the plate from plant wastes (1) that is included as characteristic with alite paste at the back side of said plate from plant wastes (1).
7. a kind of surface according to claim 6 is planted living plant and is used for the plate from plant wastes manufacturing approach of wall greening; It is characterized in that; At utmost increase the moisture storage capacity in the front (10a) of said body (10); The needed organic principle of growth that plant (30) can be provided mixes the liver moss of seed of native charcoal (peat composed of rotten mosses) and plant or pulverizing to divide and spreads, let its be dispersed in be processed between the rough groove after, the fixing stage of watering is appended vegetal plate (1) manufacturing approach that is included as characteristic.
8. natural greening system; On wall, plant living plant and can let it afforest naturally; Front (10a) is to form with rough male and fomale(M&F); And back (10b) is to form with smooth plane, and is the plate from plant wastes (1) of the carbonated material of planting living groove (20) that forms the recessed space of taking root of the sowing of being convenient to plant (30) or plant (30) in front; Cover back (10b) part or whole waterproof membrane (35) of above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1); Being fixed on above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1) and waterproof membrane (35) support means (50) of metope and planting plant (30) that living groove (20) interplantation gives birth to and included and plant living plant (30) from the teeth outwards above-mentioned, is the natural greening system (100) of characteristic with this afforesting wall surfaces.
9. a kind of natural greening system according to claim 8; It is characterized in that; Said plate from plant wastes (1) is in its front, at utmost to increase the moisture storage capacity; The needed organic principle of growth that plant (30) can be provided mixes the liver moss of seed of native charcoal (peat composed of rotten mosses) and plant or pulverizing to divide and spreads, let its be dispersed in be processed between the rough groove after, watering is fixed as the natural greening system (100) of characteristic.
10. a kind of natural greening system according to claim 8; It is characterized in that said support means (50) are to connect above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1) and waterproof membrane (35) to be fixed on the screw on the metope or to form the natural greening system (100) of characteristic to what above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1) and waterproof membrane (35) sticked on that glue or silica gel on the metope included with alite paste.
11. a kind of natural greening system according to claim 8 is characterized in that, the tank (72) of storage water; Give the water pump (75) of plate from plant wastes (1) supply water from above-mentioned tank (72); Be connected above-mentioned water pump (75) and extend to the upside of plate from plant wastes (1); Side is to have the drainpipe (80) of (77) that possesses water spout and the water system (70) that possesses the timer that closes above-mentioned water pump (75) by the certain hour switch to append to comprise endways, and constituting supplies water to above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1) is the natural greening system (100) of characteristic.
12. thereby natural greening system of planting living plant greening at metope; Form a certain size space in the inboard; And be above-mentioned space segmentation splash guard (212); Form the fish jar (220) that clear glass (215) are set in front; And be that paste through support means fish jar (220) the side front that forms box sleeve pipe (210) splash guard (212) in above-mentioned sleeve pipe (210) inside of Machine Room (230) in the back; And its surface is rough male and fomale(M&F); Be easy to the plate from plant wastes (1) of the carbonated material that plant (30) sowing or plant (30) take root and possess be positioned at the return pipe (256) that above-mentioned Machine Room (230) sucks fish jar (220) water, and possess and filter the filter (260) of removing foreign substances through the water of above-mentioned return pipe (256) inflow, be discharged to water again in the fish jar (220) through above-mentioned filter (260); The means of drawing water (250) that water in the fish jar (220) can be circulated are included, and the surface of above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1) plant living plant (30) thus the interior metope of greening fish jar (220) is the natural greening system (200) of characteristic.
13. thereby a kind of natural greening system of planting living plant greening at metope according to claim 12; It is characterized in that; The said means of drawing water (250) are plate from plant wastes (1) upside that is fed to fish jar (220) through the water of above-mentioned filter (260); The past discharge opening (264) that is positioned at fish jar (220) opposition side of return pipe (256) of water of first water pump (252) of moisture being provided for plate from plant wastes (1) and plant (30) and having passed through above-mentioned filter (260) is sent into; Be fed in the fish jar (220), provide second water pump (254) of direction current to be included from the past return pipe (256) of the discharge opening (264) of fish jar (220) and be the natural greening system (200) of characteristic.
14. thereby a kind of natural greening system of planting living plant greening at metope according to claim 12; It is characterized in that; Said sleeve pipe (210) is the lighting means (280) that has possessed the fluorescent lamp that comprises fish jar (220) upside, can illuminate fish jar (220) inside and be the natural greening system (200) of characteristic.
15. thereby natural greening system of on metope, planting living plant greening; Form a certain size space in the inboard; And above-mentioned space segmentation be first and second splash guard (312a) (312b); The centre forms the fish jar (320) that is provided with clear glass (315) therein, and its both sides are first and second Machine Room of each self-forming (330a) box sleeve pipe (310) (330b); On the body of wall of fish jar (320) the side back side, paste through support means in the inside of above-mentioned sleeve pipe (310), its surface is rough male and fomale(M&F), is easy to the plate from plant wastes (1) of the carbonated material of taking root of sowing or the plant (30) of plant (30); Be positioned at above-mentioned first Machine Room (330a); Possessed first return pipe (356a) in the suction fish jar (320); And possessed first filter (360a) that filters the water removal foreign substances that flows into through above-mentioned first return pipe (356a); Be fed to water plate from plant wastes (1) upside of fish jar (320) through above-mentioned first filter (360a); First water pump (352) of moisture is provided and is positioned at above-mentioned second Machine Room (330b) for plate from plant wastes (1) and plant (30); Possess second return pipe (356b) of the interior water of suction fish jar (320), and possessed second filter (360b) that filters the water removal foreign substances that flows into through above-mentioned second return pipe (356b), be drained into water again in the fish jar (320) through above-mentioned second filter; Let second water pump (354) that the interior water of fish jar (320) can circulate included, planting living plant (30) greening fish jar (320) interior walls on the surface of above-mentioned plate from plant wastes (1) is the natural greening system (300) of characteristic.
16. thereby a kind of natural greening system of on metope, planting living plant greening according to claim 15; It is characterized in that; Said second water pump (354) is the center side that its discharge opening of drainpipe (380) (364) toward fish jar (320) draining is positioned at fish jar (320), and the twocouese current that therefore begin the circulation toward both sides from the central authorities of fish jar (320) are the natural greening system (300) of characteristic.
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CN104153276A (en) * 2014-08-20 2014-11-19 宁波市鄞州云帆工程咨询有限公司 Pavement floor tile flanging-type greening method

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