CN102454040A - Anti-cutting warp-knitted three-dimensional fabric - Google Patents

Anti-cutting warp-knitted three-dimensional fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102454040A
CN102454040A CN2011101598841A CN201110159884A CN102454040A CN 102454040 A CN102454040 A CN 102454040A CN 2011101598841 A CN2011101598841 A CN 2011101598841A CN 201110159884 A CN201110159884 A CN 201110159884A CN 102454040 A CN102454040 A CN 102454040A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
fabric
dimensional
epidermis
compiling
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Application number
CN2011101598841A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏建平
Original Assignee
太仓市智网纺织有限公司
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Application filed by 太仓市智网纺织有限公司 filed Critical 太仓市智网纺织有限公司
Priority to CN2011101598841A priority Critical patent/CN102454040A/en
Publication of CN102454040A publication Critical patent/CN102454040A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to anti-cutting warp-knitted three-dimensional fabric which comprises an upper surface layer, a lower surface layer and connecting yarns connecting the upper surface layer and the lower surface layer, each of the upper surface layer and the lower surface layer of the fabric consists of a plurality of warp-knitted coils which are connected together, the connecting yarns are connected with the upper surface layer and the lower surface layer through the coils in a cross manner, the coils of the upper surface layer are connected with the coils of the lower surface layer at set intervals by the connecting yarns, the connecting yarns are connected with all the coils of the upper surface layer and the lower surface layer, and a yarn aggregate body consisting of high-performance fibers is arranged in a spacer layer of the fabric and is wound on the connecting yarns. The warp-knitted three-dimensional fabric is applied to anti-cutting fabric. The anti-cutting warp-knitted three-dimensional fabric is a flexible light-weight anti-cutting material and has multiple anti-cutting effects and excellent wearability.

Description

A kind of anti-cutting is through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fabric, especially a kind of fabric through the volume three-dimensional structure with triple anti-cutting effects belongs to knitting field and protection field.
Background technology
Current country is carrying forward vigorously the construction of harmonious society, and people pursue peace, stabilize, and therefore a protection of the individual person are also paid attention to day by day.Practitioners such as public security, People's Armed Police, army, security personnel, driver, mining smelting, glass processing are when carrying out operation; Be easy to run into wearing and tearing or with sharp knife (sharp sword, sharp objects etc.) cut, cut, cut, scrape, rub, stroke the time; Health receives incised wound, scratches, rubs wound, chops wound, and therefore adopts anti-cutting thorn material to carry out necessary physical protection and becomes more and more important.
Human body anti-cutting product commonly used has Anti-cut garment, Anti-cut Gloves, anti-cutting rib armlet wrister etc.Anti-cutting product in the market a kind of with the cotton fiber looping around stainless steel metal wire, process the alloy yarn, thereby the metal level in the middle of utilizing reaches the effect of anti-cutting, but this fabric is thick and heavy, dresses dumb; Be exactly to utilize the strong fiber of superelevation to be made into woven cloth or nonwoven fabric in addition, and at the bonding one deck precoat of another side as the anti-cutting layer, this type of anti-cutting material light weight, softness, anti-cutting effect also can, but because the multilayer stack, gas permeability is relatively poor, complex manufacturing technology.
The anti-cutting mechanism of anti-cutting material is that sharp devices such as dagger, bayonet mainly lean on shearing mechanism and stretching principle to the puncture of protective clothing.Soft anti-cutting product pliability is good; Basically can everyday general purpose; And better disguised, be that the emphasis, particularly knitted structure of research and development recent years is because excellent energy absorbability and impulse fatigue resistance can; It is more and more come into one's own in especially physical protection plate armour of fabrics for industrial use, but also do not see the individual protection product of knitted fabric Anti-cut Gloves class on the market.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency that exists in the prior art, provide the armoring requirement of a kind of anti-cutting human body can protect human body to avoid the injury of sharp objects such as dagger, bayonet. to make the action fabric through the volume three-dimensional structure unrestricted, comfortable and easy to wear of wearer simultaneously.
According to technical scheme provided by the invention; Said through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure; Comprise upper epidermis, following top layer, the connecting line that connects upper epidermis and following top layer and the fiber assembly that in the fabric wall, twines, the upper epidermis of fabric is through form the coil composition that some strings are nested together through volume with high-intensity fiber with following top layer; Characteristic is to be connected by many underlaps between the coil that said string is nested together; The connecting line of said fabric is through coil and upper epidermis and the interconnection of following top layer, and used yarn is the shear-stable ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene, forms the intermediate layer with fine anti-cutting effect at grain cross; The yarn assembly body of being made up of high-performance fiber in the wall of said fabric is wrapped on the connection yarn, is vertically playing good anti-cutting effect.
All there are two reverse underlaps that are provided with to be connected on each coil on said upper epidermis and following top layer with adjacent windings.
Owing to stagger each other, when yarn was taken place to shear, bilevel yarn was bearing shear action respectively to blade to said upper epidermis again, formed the thread layers with multiple anti-cutting effect with following top layer.
The coil of said upper epidermis is connected through connecting line with the coil on following top layer with the coil spacing of setting.Said coil spacing is 3~6 coils.
Said connecting line and upper epidermis all are connected with all coils on the following top layer, and select for use high-intensity fiber to weave, in thread layers of formation up and down of fabric.
Said intermediate layer has high-intensity fiber that the connection yarn of levels is twined, and increases the fiber volume fraction in intermediate layer, the yarn area when having increased anti-cutting in the thread layers.
Said upper epidermis and following top layer are that super high molecular weight (between molecular weight 100~6,000,000) polyethylene or the aramid fiber of 222~889dtex forms through volume by line density.
It is the superhigh molecular weight polyethylene fibers of 222~889dtex that said connecting line adopts line density.
The weft-inserted yams employing line density in said intermediate layer is that super high molecular weight (between the molecular weight 100~6,000,000) polyethylene of 222~889dtex weaves.
Thickness between said upper epidermis and the following top layer is 20~40mm.
Described fabric through the volume three-dimensional structure is used as the anti-cutting lining.
The present invention is the anti-cutting material of flexible light weight, dress comfortable, flexible, anti-cutting is effective, has good wearability and anti-cutting performance, can make Anti-cut Gloves, Anti-cut garment, products such as anti-steamed sandwich.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic cross-section of fabric of the present invention.
Shown in Figure 2 is the top cross-sectional view of fabric of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with concrete accompanying drawing the present invention is described further.
As shown in Figure 1; Through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure; Comprise the connecting line 3 on upper epidermis 1, following top layer 2, connection upper epidermis 1 and following top layer 2 and serve as a contrast the enhancing yarn 4 in the intermediate layer, the upper epidermis 1 of fabric is formed with the coil that some strings that following top layer 2 is formed by the warp volume are nested together; Characteristic is to be connected by many underlaps between the coil that said string is nested together; The connecting line 3 of said fabric is through coil and upper epidermis 1 and 2 interconnections of following top layer, and used yarn is the shear-stable ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene, forms the intermediate layer with fine anti-cutting effect at grain cross; Said fabric intermediate layer is the enhancing yarn 4 that is wrapped on the connecting line 3, and when fabric met with cutting, fabric was compacted, and the winding yarn in intermediate layer is in the shear action that is vertically blocking blade; All there are two reverse underlaps that are provided with to be connected on each coil on said upper epidermis 1 and following top layer 2 with adjacent windings; The coil interconnection of 2 or 4 connecting lines 3 and following top layer 2 and upper epidermis 1 is all arranged on each coil on said upper epidermis 1 and following top layer 2; Said enhancing yarn 4 is per 3 to 4 coil bondages, one circle weft yarn on broadwise.
Fabric through the volume three-dimensional structure of the present invention carries out compound through or other textile structurals compound with high polymer, can form a kind of compound flexible anti-cutting material.
The fiber that adopt on upper and lower top layer among the present invention is the ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene with high-tensile strength, high-modulus.High-performance fiber forms fine and close warp-knitted coiled structure on two top layers, can stop the cutting of cutter dagger to yarn effectively; In wall, superhigh molecular weight polyethylene fibers connects two top layers up and down with the structure of chiasma type, and this wall forms to have the certain thickness thread layers and play the shear-stable effect; Whole warp-knitted spacer fabric has played triple protective actions to the cutting of cutter; Sharp weapon are when cutting fabric; Upper epidermis 1 coil that contacts with point of a knife is taken out tight slippage, and assembles yarn at knife-edge part, forms the package action to cutter; Consume impact energy, and stop effectively that blade is disposable to cut off yarn; Attack energy at cutter and continue to increase, in the process of upper epidermis yarn generation shear action, fabric is compacted, and middle two-layer yarn is superimposed together, and stops the further cutting of blade; In upper epidermis yarn shear fails, cutter down gos deep into, and the middle enhancing yarn 4 that twines is focused to the blade place, and the opposing cutter directly cuts following top layer yarn; When point of a knife arrived the top layer by the time, closely knit following top layer 2 formed obstruction to the cutting of cutter once more, can play effective anti-cutting effect to human body at last.
Specific embodiment one:
Fabric according to the invention is to produce on the double-needle bed raschel warp knitting machine of E18 in plane No., and upper epidermis 1 is formed by sley bar GB1 and GB2 braiding, and braiding forms with GB6 by sley bar GB5 on the following top layer 2 of employing, closely knit upper and lower two the top layer fabrics of formation structure; It is the ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene filament yarn of 556dtex that sley bar GB1, GB2, GB5 and GB6 all expire threading density; Sley bar GB3 forms the connecting filament between the top layer up and down, and the full threading density of sley bar GB3 is the ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene of 556dtex; Sley bar GB4 forms the winding yarn of broadwise in the intermediate layer, the full threading density of sley bar GB4 is the ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene filament yarn of 556dtex; The knocking-over bar distance is 20mm, and weaving tractive density is every centimetre of 7 coils.
The sley bar pad yarn that said fabric adopts is organized as:
GB1:1-0-1-1/2-3-2-2//;
GB2:1-2-1-1/1-0-1-1//;
GB3:1-0-1-0/4-5-4-5//;
GB4:0-0-0-0/3-3-3-3//;
GB5:1-1-1-2/1-1-1-0//;
GB6:2-2-1-0/1-1-2-3//。
Adopt two layers of two sley bar braidings in the levels fabric respectively, one sley bar braiding warp plain stitch, and another sley bar braiding is through the suede tissue; Upper and lower two top layers form snare circular structure closely, have coil self-locking characteristics.
Middle sley bar GB3 completely wears the shear-stable ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene; Alternately the lopping braiding forms connecting line on former and later two needle-bars; Upper and lower two top layer fabrics are connected into a three-dimensional structure, have the characteristics of globality, between upper and lower two top layers, form the intermediate layer; The spacer structure in intermediate layer has increased the yarn volume that bears shearing, and the shearing of blade is played blockage effect.
Wall is completely worn the superhigh molecular weight polyethylene fibers with good cutting resistance ability by sley bar GB4 again, walks the inlaid thread tissue, is wrapped on the yarn of interval, and the inner high-strength yarn aggregate of this kind of filling has played good anti-shearing effect.
Specific embodiment two:
Fabric according to the invention is to produce on the double-needle bed raschel warp knitting machine of E22 in plane No., and upper epidermis 1 is formed by sley bar GB1 and GB2 braiding, and braiding forms with sley bar GB6 by sley bar GB5 on following top layer 2, closely knit upper and lower two the top layer fabrics of formation structure; It is the aramid yarn of 333dtex that sley bar GB1, GB2, GB5 and GB6 all expire threading density; The full threading density of sley bar GB3 is the ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene of 44dtex, adopts connecting line to be the tissue of intersection configuration; The full threading density of sley bar GB4 is the aramid yarn of 333dtex, and broadwise serves as a contrast between the connection yarn in intermediate layer; The knocking-over bar distance is 30mm, and weaving tractive density is every centimetre of 10 coils.
The sley bar pad yarn that said fabric adopts is organized as:
GB1:1-0-1-1/3-4-3-3//;
GB2:1-2-1-1/1-0-1-1//;
GB3:1-0-1-2/2-3-2-1//;
GB4:0-0-0-0/3-3-3-3/0-0-0-0/4-4-4-4//;
GB5:1-1-1-2/1-1-1-0//;
GB6:1-1-1-0/3-3-3-4//。

Claims (13)

1. one kind through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure; Comprise upper epidermis (1), down top layer (2), connect the connecting line layer (3) on upper epidermis (1) and following top layer (2) and in wall, be wrapped in the high-intensity fiber aggregate (4) of connecting line layer (3), the coil that some strings that the upper epidermis of fabric (1) and following top layer (2) are formed by the warp volume are nested together is formed; It is characterized in that, connect by many underlaps between the coil that said string is nested together; The connecting line of said fabric (3) is through coil and upper epidermis (1) and following top layer (2) interconnection, and the shear-stable ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene forms the intermediate layer with fine anti-cutting effect at grain cross; The yarn assembly body of being made up of high-performance fiber in the wall of said fabric is wrapped on the connection yarn, is vertically playing good anti-cutting effect.
2. as claimed in claim 1 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: all have two reverse underlaps that are provided with to be connected on each coil on said upper epidermis (1) and following top layer (2) with adjacent windings.
3. as claimed in claim 1 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: the coil interconnection of 2 or 4 connecting lines (3) and following top layer (2) and upper epidermis (1) is all arranged on each coil on said upper epidermis (1) and following top layer (2).
4. as claimed in claim 1 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: the coil of said upper epidermis (1) is connected through connecting line (3) with the coil on following top layer (2) with the coil spacing of setting.
5. as claimed in claim 2 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: said coil spacing is 3~6 coils.
6. as claimed in claim 1 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: said connecting line (3) and upper epidermis (1) all are connected with all coils on the following top layer (2).
7. as claimed in claim 1 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: the enhancing yarn (4) in the said intermediate layer is wrapped on the connecting line (3) of wall.
8. as claimed in claim 2 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: said enhancing yarn is every at a distance from stuffer weft of 3~6 coil bondages in the intermediate layer.
9. as claimed in claim 1 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: said upper epidermis (1) and following top layer (2) are that super high molecular weight (between molecular weight 100~6,000,000) polyethylene or the aramid fiber of 222~889dtex forms through volume by line density.
10. as claimed in claim 1 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: it is the superhigh molecular weight polyethylene fibers of 222~889dtex that said connecting line (3) adopts line density.
11. as claimed in claim 1 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: it is the high-strength yarns such as superhigh molecular weight polyethylene fibers or aramid fiber of 222~889dtex that said stuffer weft (4) adopts line density.
12. as claimed in claim 1 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: the spacing between said upper epidermis (1) and the following top layer (2) is 20~40mm.
13. as claimed in claim 1 through compiling the fabric of three-dimensional structure, it is characterized in that: described fabric through the volume three-dimensional structure is used as the anti-cutting lining.
CN2011101598841A 2011-06-15 2011-06-15 Anti-cutting warp-knitted three-dimensional fabric CN102454040A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102787417A (en) * 2012-08-28 2012-11-21 吴伯明 3D woven spaced mesh fabric with crossed structure
CN103101260A (en) * 2013-02-05 2013-05-15 江苏旷达汽车织物集团股份有限公司 Anti-cutting interior composite fabric for vehicle
CN104783348A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-22 湖州环球手套有限公司 Wear-resisting glove based on knitted spacer fabric
CN104988650A (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-10-21 上海兰邦工业纤维有限公司 Cutting-resistant knitting brushed fabric
CN105297275A (en) * 2015-09-16 2016-02-03 长兴县圣源服装辅料有限公司 High-strength weft insertion-warp knitting base cloth
WO2017008642A1 (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-01-19 山东滨州亚光毛巾有限公司 High-strength fiber protective spacer fabric and clothes made of same
CN107245805A (en) * 2017-04-24 2017-10-13 苏州迈缇康医疗科技有限公司 A kind of field emergency skin debridement band and preparation method thereof
CN109996912A (en) * 2016-11-28 2019-07-09 格兰博格国际有限公司 Three-dimensional 3D knitted fabric and its manufacturing method

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CN101407973A (en) * 2007-10-11 2009-04-15 株式会社华歌尔 Three-dimensional warp knitted fabric and fiber product composed thereof
CN101994210A (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-03-30 江南大学 Fabric with warp knitting three-dimensional structure

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102787417A (en) * 2012-08-28 2012-11-21 吴伯明 3D woven spaced mesh fabric with crossed structure
CN103101260A (en) * 2013-02-05 2013-05-15 江苏旷达汽车织物集团股份有限公司 Anti-cutting interior composite fabric for vehicle
CN104783348A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-22 湖州环球手套有限公司 Wear-resisting glove based on knitted spacer fabric
CN104988650A (en) * 2015-07-08 2015-10-21 上海兰邦工业纤维有限公司 Cutting-resistant knitting brushed fabric
WO2017008642A1 (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-01-19 山东滨州亚光毛巾有限公司 High-strength fiber protective spacer fabric and clothes made of same
CN105297275A (en) * 2015-09-16 2016-02-03 长兴县圣源服装辅料有限公司 High-strength weft insertion-warp knitting base cloth
CN105297275B (en) * 2015-09-16 2019-03-05 长兴县圣源服装辅料有限公司 A kind of high intensity inlaid thread warp-knitted base fabric
CN109996912A (en) * 2016-11-28 2019-07-09 格兰博格国际有限公司 Three-dimensional 3D knitted fabric and its manufacturing method
CN107245805A (en) * 2017-04-24 2017-10-13 苏州迈缇康医疗科技有限公司 A kind of field emergency skin debridement band and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20120516

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