CN102450147A - Spring early-maturing cultivation method of color sweet pepper in Huai-Hai area - Google Patents

Spring early-maturing cultivation method of color sweet pepper in Huai-Hai area Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102450147A
CN102450147A CN2010105193619A CN201010519361A CN102450147A CN 102450147 A CN102450147 A CN 102450147A CN 2010105193619 A CN2010105193619 A CN 2010105193619A CN 201010519361 A CN201010519361 A CN 201010519361A CN 102450147 A CN102450147 A CN 102450147A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
water
field planting
seedlings
soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2010105193619A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
耿志国
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN2010105193619A priority Critical patent/CN102450147A/en
Publication of CN102450147A publication Critical patent/CN102450147A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Landscapes

  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method of color sweet pepper in Huai-Hai area and belongs to the vegetable planting technique. The cultivation method comprises the steps of: seedling raising, sprouting and seeding, temperature control in seedling stage, seedling separation, field planting, intertillage and fertilizer and water management, pruning and auxin adjustment. The cultivation method disclosed by the invention has the beneficial effects that: the cultivated color sweet pepper has the advantages of early maturing, good quality and high yield, and the vegetable farmer income is high.

Description

Huai-Hai area colored bell pepper spring ealy maturing culture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of growing vegetables technology, specifically is the cultivation method of area, a kind of Huai-Hai colored bell pepper.
Background technology
Colored green pepper is the general name of the different paprike of various crust colors.Because they are to select for use the gene with different colours anthocyan to cultivate to form, thereby the fruit of purple eggplant look, golden yellow or orange red skin is arranged.Be rich in abundant vitamin C and green pepper class alkali etc., nature and flavor are hot, effect such as have in the temperature, dispel the heat, help digestion, and help the enhances human body immunologic function, improve the diseases prevention ability of human body.Green pepper class alkali wherein can promote the metabolism of fat, prevents that body fat from accumulating, thus the fat-reducing diseases prevention.Not only can prepared food, also can eat raw, be cut into piece or silk makes the color of dish all good as cold vegetable dish in sauce, therefore receive liking of consumers in general deeply.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of Huai-Hai area colored bell pepper spring ealy maturing culture method, according to the soil and the natural conditions in area, Huai-Hai, has the characteristics of precocity, of fine quality and high yield.
Concrete technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of Huai-Hai area colored bell pepper spring ealy maturing culture method, specifically:
(1) grows seedlings
(1) in greenhouse by solar heat, opens up plot as growing seedlings bed, the nutrition soil that shop, leveling back is about thick 8-12 centimetre;
(2) vernalization sowing: the seed of the no damage by disease and insect that will select immersed in the warm water 3~5 hours, pulled out to drain in 26~32 ℃ of following vernalization, and the seed that will show money or valuables one carries unintentionally is broadcast in the bed of growing seedlings;
(3) seedling stage happiness temperature, after planting to keep soil temperature daytime at 28~30 ℃, be not less than 18 ℃ night, suitably cooling again after waiting to emerge;
(2) divide seedling: before and after second true leaf launches, divide seedling, divide cooling earlier before the seedling, temper seedling and divide survival rate behind the seedling to improve; Density is 10 centimetres of 10 cm x in the seedbed, in time pours water covered with plastic film insulation, short its slow seedling behind the branch seedling; 25~28 ℃ of day temperatures, about 22 ℃ of nights; Keep ground moistening after dividing seedling; Can impose composite fertilizer 2~3 times, every mu each 10 kilograms;
(3) field planting
(1) abundant real tillage before the field planting, every mu applies 4000 kilograms of the fertilizers that become thoroughly decomposed simultaneously, and applies every mu of 100 kilograms of composite fertilizers, ploughs deeply and makes flat furrow or high furrow; Big flood is watered in preceding 5~7 days of field planting in the seedbed, water ooze the back with rimmer knife native dice, be with the soil lifting field planting that sticks together;
(2) be selected in fine temperature during field planting and carry out higher the time, the field planting seeding row spacing is 40 centimetres of 25 cm x, the same cave of 2 strains; Water immediately after the field planting, and keep in the canopy or in the greenhouse, temp. and humidity is higher to be beneficial to slow seedling;
(4) field management
(1) temperature treatment: will keep hot and humid after the field planting, outside plastic film, add a cover careless felt, make it stuffy; 30~33 ℃ of day temperatures, 20 ℃ of nights; Slow seedling after about 7 days, can suitably ventilate this moment, and reduce temperature, 28 ℃ of daytimes, 8 ℃ of nights; When ambient temperature is stabilized in 25 ℃ of daytimes, night more than 18 ℃ the time, can ventilate round the clock, and remove the part film;
(2) intertillage and rich water quality management: behind the slow seedling, water, restrain the growth of seedlings then according to the soil moisture situation is capable again; Intertill 2~3 times during the restraining the growth of seedlings, and earth up; Water unsuitable excessive early stage, treat that the first fruit seat is lived after, suitably strengthen again and water the water yield, especially should keep ground moistening in the phase of yielding positive results; Topdressing generally begins after the first fruit knot is lived, with water wet into, 20 kilograms of every mu of sealing fertilizers according to circumstances impose disposable fertilizer later at a distance from about 20 days, generally apply with watering.
(3) training and growth hormone are regulated: training is carried out behind the first fruit setting, the side shoot below the bifurcated is destroyed, and extractd ingrowing small and weak branch; Middle and later periods is in time extractd Lao Ye, sick leaf, Huang Ye, keeps certain plant type, for preventing shedding, improves percentage of fertile fruit, adopts 2, and 4-D dips in flower.
(1) grows seedlings
(1) in greenhouse by solar heat, open up plot as the bed of growing seedlings, with this piece ground leveling, spread the nutrition soil about 10 thick centimetres, the native available anosis land for growing field crops of nutrition soil adds 40% fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed.Also available feeding block seedlings raising.
(2) seed of the no damage by disease and insect that will select with the method for hoting water treatment of seeds of vernalization sowing immersed in the warm water 4~6 hours, pull out to drain in 25~30 ℃ of following vernalization, available change temperature-accelerated germination, be more conducive to sprout fast, sprout neat.The seed that will show money or valuables one carries unintentionally is broadcast in the bed of growing seedlings or in the pot for growing seedlings.
(3) seedling management green pepper class is the warm crop of happiness, after planting will keep soil temperature daytime at 28~30 ℃, is not less than 18 ℃ night, suitably cooling again after waiting to emerge.
Dividing seedling green pepper class seedling to divide the seedling optimum period is before and after second true leaf launches.Seedling is tempered in suitably cooling of elder generation before minute seedling, with survival rate behind the raising branch seedling.The bed of transplanting seedlings is basic identical with seed bed, also available nutritive cube, 1 alms bowl, 1 seedling.Density is generally 10 centimetres of 10 cm x in the seedbed, in time pours water covered with plastic film insulation, short its slow seedling behind the branch seedling.25~28 ℃ of day temperatures, about 20 ℃ of nights.Can suitably lower the temperature behind the slow seedling.
Water management will be confirmed the moisture usage amount according to seedbed humidity size, keeps ground moistening.Combine during this period to water, can impose composite fertilizer 2~3 times, each 10 kilograms every mu.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: have precocity, of fine quality and high yield, the advantage that vegetable grower's income is high.
Embodiment
Kind: each 1 mu of yellow pimento and red pimento.
(1) grows seedlings
(1) in greenhouse by solar heat, opens up plot as growing seedlings bed, the nutrition soil that shop, leveling back is about thick 8-12 centimetre;
(2) vernalization sowing: the seed of the no damage by disease and insect that will select immersed in the warm water 3~5 hours, pulled out to drain in 26~32 ℃ of following vernalization, and the seed that will show money or valuables one carries unintentionally is broadcast in the bed of growing seedlings;
(3) seedling stage happiness temperature, after planting to keep soil temperature daytime at 28~30 ℃, be not less than 18 ℃ night, suitably cooling again after waiting to emerge;
(2) divide seedling: before and after second true leaf launches, divide seedling, divide cooling earlier before the seedling, temper seedling and divide survival rate behind the seedling to improve; Density is 10 centimetres of 10 cm x in the seedbed, in time pours water covered with plastic film insulation, short its slow seedling behind the branch seedling; 25~28 ℃ of day temperatures, about 22 ℃ of nights; Keep ground moistening after dividing seedling; Can impose composite fertilizer 2~3 times, every mu each 10 kilograms;
(3) field planting
(1) abundant real tillage before the field planting, every mu applies 4000 kilograms of the fertilizers that become thoroughly decomposed simultaneously, and applies every mu of 100 kilograms of composite fertilizers, ploughs deeply and makes flat furrow or high furrow; Big flood is watered in preceding 5~7 days of field planting in the seedbed, water ooze the back with rimmer knife native dice, be with the soil lifting field planting that sticks together;
(2) be selected in fine temperature during field planting and carry out higher the time, the field planting seeding row spacing is 40 centimetres of 25 cm x, the same cave of 2 strains; Water immediately after the field planting, and keep in the canopy or in the greenhouse, temp. and humidity is higher to be beneficial to slow seedling;
(4) field management
(1) temperature treatment: will keep hot and humid after the field planting, outside plastic film, add a cover careless felt, make it stuffy; 30~33 ℃ of day temperatures, 20 ℃ of nights; Slow seedling after about 7 days, can suitably ventilate this moment, and reduce temperature, 28 ℃ of daytimes, 8 ℃ of nights; When ambient temperature is stabilized in 25 ℃ of daytimes, night more than 18 ℃ the time, can ventilate round the clock, and remove the part film;
(2) intertillage and rich water quality management: behind the slow seedling, water, restrain the growth of seedlings then according to the soil moisture situation is capable again; Intertill 2~3 times during the restraining the growth of seedlings, and earth up; Water unsuitable excessive early stage, treat that the first fruit seat is lived after, suitably strengthen again and water the water yield, especially should keep ground moistening in the phase of yielding positive results; Topdressing generally begins after the first fruit knot is lived, with water wet into, 20 kilograms of every mu of sealing fertilizers according to circumstances impose disposable fertilizer later at a distance from about 20 days, generally apply with watering.
(3) training and growth hormone are regulated: training is carried out behind the first fruit setting, the side shoot below the bifurcated is destroyed, and extractd ingrowing small and weak branch; Middle and later periods is in time extractd Lao Ye, sick leaf, Huang Ye, keeps certain plant type, for preventing shedding, improves percentage of fertile fruit, adopts 2, and 4-D dips in flower.
(1) grows seedlings
(1) in greenhouse by solar heat, open up plot as the bed of growing seedlings, with this piece ground leveling, spread the nutrition soil about 10 thick centimetres, the native available anosis land for growing field crops of nutrition soil adds 40% fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed.Also available feeding block seedlings raising.
(2) seed of the no damage by disease and insect that will select with the method for hoting water treatment of seeds of vernalization sowing immersed in the warm water 4~6 hours, pull out to drain in 25~30 ℃ of following vernalization, available change temperature-accelerated germination, be more conducive to sprout fast, sprout neat.The seed that will show money or valuables one carries unintentionally is broadcast in the bed of growing seedlings or in the pot for growing seedlings.
(3) seedling management green pepper class is the warm crop of happiness, after planting will keep soil temperature daytime at 28~30 ℃, is not less than 18 ℃ night, suitably cooling again after waiting to emerge.
Dividing seedling green pepper class seedling to divide the seedling optimum period is before and after second true leaf launches.Seedling is tempered in suitably cooling of elder generation before minute seedling, with survival rate behind the raising branch seedling.The bed of transplanting seedlings is basic identical with seed bed, also available nutritive cube, 1 alms bowl, 1 seedling.Density is generally 10 centimetres of 10 cm x in the seedbed, in time pours water covered with plastic film insulation, short its slow seedling behind the branch seedling.25~28 ℃ of day temperatures, about 20 ℃ of nights.Can suitably lower the temperature behind the slow seedling.
Water management will be confirmed the moisture usage amount according to seedbed humidity size, keeps ground moistening.Combine during this period to water, can impose composite fertilizer 2~3 times, each 10 kilograms every mu.

Claims (2)

1. Huai-Hai area colored bell pepper spring ealy maturing culture method, specifically:
(1) grows seedlings
(1) in greenhouse by solar heat, opens up plot as growing seedlings bed, the nutrition soil that shop, leveling back is about thick 8-12 centimetre;
(2) vernalization sowing: the seed of the no damage by disease and insect that will select immersed in the warm water 3~5 hours, pulled out to drain in 26~32 ℃ of following vernalization, and the seed that will show money or valuables one carries unintentionally is broadcast in the bed of growing seedlings;
(3) seedling stage happiness temperature, after planting to keep soil temperature daytime at 28~30 ℃, be not less than 18 ℃ night, suitably cooling again after waiting to emerge;
(2) divide seedling: before and after second true leaf launches, divide seedling, divide cooling earlier before the seedling, temper seedling and divide survival rate behind the seedling to improve; Density is 10 centimetres of 10 cm x in the seedbed, in time pours water covered with plastic film insulation, short its slow seedling behind the branch seedling; 25~28 ℃ of day temperatures, about 22 ℃ of nights; Keep ground moistening after dividing seedling; Can impose composite fertilizer 2~3 times, every mu each 10 kilograms;
(3) field planting
(1) abundant real tillage before the field planting, every mu applies 4000 kilograms of the fertilizers that become thoroughly decomposed simultaneously, and applies every mu of 100 kilograms of composite fertilizers, ploughs deeply and makes flat furrow or high furrow; Big flood is watered in preceding 5~7 days of field planting in the seedbed, water ooze the back with rimmer knife native dice, be with the soil lifting field planting that sticks together;
(2) be selected in fine temperature during field planting and carry out higher the time, the field planting seeding row spacing is 40 centimetres of 25 cm x, the same cave of 2 strains; Water immediately after the field planting, and keep in the canopy or in the greenhouse, temp. and humidity is higher to be beneficial to slow seedling;
(4) field management
(1) temperature treatment: will keep hot and humid after the field planting, outside plastic film, add a cover careless felt, make it stuffy; 30~33 ℃ of day temperatures, 20 ℃ of nights; Slow seedling after about 7 days, can suitably ventilate this moment, and reduce temperature, 28 ℃ of daytimes, 8 ℃ of nights; When ambient temperature is stabilized in 25 ℃ of daytimes, night more than 18 ℃ the time, can ventilate round the clock, and remove the part film;
(2) intertillage and rich water quality management: behind the slow seedling, water, restrain the growth of seedlings then according to the soil moisture situation is capable again; Intertill 2~3 times during the restraining the growth of seedlings, and earth up; Water unsuitable excessive early stage, treat that the first fruit seat is lived after, suitably strengthen again and water the water yield, especially should keep ground moistening in the phase of yielding positive results; Topdressing generally begins after the first fruit knot is lived, with water wet into, 20 kilograms of every mu of sealing fertilizers according to circumstances impose disposable fertilizer later at a distance from about 20 days, generally apply with watering.
(3) training and growth hormone are regulated: training is carried out behind the first fruit setting, the side shoot below the bifurcated is destroyed, and extractd ingrowing small and weak branch; Middle and later periods is in time extractd Lao Ye, sick leaf, Huang Ye, keeps certain plant type, for preventing shedding, improves percentage of fertile fruit, adopts 2, and 4-D dips in flower.
2. Huai-Hai area colored bell pepper spring ealy maturing culture method is characterized in that: nutrition soil selects for use anosis land for growing field crops soil to add 40% fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed.
CN2010105193619A 2010-10-22 2010-10-22 Spring early-maturing cultivation method of color sweet pepper in Huai-Hai area Pending CN102450147A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105193619A CN102450147A (en) 2010-10-22 2010-10-22 Spring early-maturing cultivation method of color sweet pepper in Huai-Hai area

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105193619A CN102450147A (en) 2010-10-22 2010-10-22 Spring early-maturing cultivation method of color sweet pepper in Huai-Hai area

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102450147A true CN102450147A (en) 2012-05-16

Family

ID=46034124

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010105193619A Pending CN102450147A (en) 2010-10-22 2010-10-22 Spring early-maturing cultivation method of color sweet pepper in Huai-Hai area

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102450147A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102845207A (en) * 2012-09-11 2013-01-02 山东省寿光市三木种苗有限公司 Indeterminate-cultivation pruning method for hot pepper
CN103460937A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-25 江苏希旺农业科技有限公司 Color pepper cultivation technology
CN104025922A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-10 胡永军 V-shaped double-plane pruning method for color pepper
CN104871767A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-09-02 忻城县高龙农业开发有限责任公司 Cultivation method for high yield of pimento
CN105794356A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-07-27 安庆榈源农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of high-yield selenium-rich sweet peppers
CN106305110A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-11 台江县四登金香辣椒种植农民专业合作社 Cultivation method of Fangzhao facing heaven pepper
CN106332616A (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-01-18 镇江贝思特有机活性肥料有限公司 Method of controlling pepper bacterial wilt
CN107295894A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-10-27 苏州蓝碧农产品发展有限公司 A kind of pimento cultural method
CN111226707A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-06-05 赤峰和润农业高新科技产业开发有限公司 Method for accelerating germination and cultivating microclimate of cucumbers in greenhouse in northern cold area

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102845207A (en) * 2012-09-11 2013-01-02 山东省寿光市三木种苗有限公司 Indeterminate-cultivation pruning method for hot pepper
CN103460937A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-25 江苏希旺农业科技有限公司 Color pepper cultivation technology
CN104025922A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-10 胡永军 V-shaped double-plane pruning method for color pepper
CN104025922B (en) * 2014-06-06 2016-06-22 寿光市新世纪种苗有限公司 A kind of color sweet pepper V-type biplane pruning method
CN104871767A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-09-02 忻城县高龙农业开发有限责任公司 Cultivation method for high yield of pimento
CN106332616A (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-01-18 镇江贝思特有机活性肥料有限公司 Method of controlling pepper bacterial wilt
CN105794356A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-07-27 安庆榈源农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of high-yield selenium-rich sweet peppers
CN106305110A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-11 台江县四登金香辣椒种植农民专业合作社 Cultivation method of Fangzhao facing heaven pepper
CN107295894A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-10-27 苏州蓝碧农产品发展有限公司 A kind of pimento cultural method
CN111226707A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-06-05 赤峰和润农业高新科技产业开发有限公司 Method for accelerating germination and cultivating microclimate of cucumbers in greenhouse in northern cold area

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102450147A (en) Spring early-maturing cultivation method of color sweet pepper in Huai-Hai area
CN102870581A (en) Method for pollution-free cultivation of pumpkin in greenhouse
CN103975719A (en) Spring early maturing culture method for greenhouse tomatoes
CN104145652A (en) Method for planting okra in high-altitude areas
CN103650858A (en) High-yield cultivation method of peppers in solar greenhouses
CN104221630B (en) Summer squash vernalization and efficient cultivation method
CN103891503A (en) Method for cultivating leaf sweet potatoes in greenhouse of north
CN105309149A (en) Spinach planting method
CN104041271A (en) Culturing method for early spring pollution-free white eggplants
CN107896863A (en) A kind of breeding method of capsicum
CN105393768A (en) Early spring cabbage plantation method
CN106856952A (en) A kind of cultivating superior high-yield method of watermelon
CN105340512A (en) Cultivation method for miniature pumpkins
CN104041315A (en) Sagittaria sagittifolia planting method
CN110115207A (en) A method of in Liaoning Area multiple cropping brassica campestris var purpurea, spring rape and forage rape
CN105309162A (en) Lettuce cultivation method
CN105638189A (en) Solar-greenhouse pollution-free planting method for summer squash
CN103477834A (en) Mini pumpkin cultivation technique
CN101180934A (en) Cultivation method of dual-color ice cream watermelon
CN106973672A (en) A kind of cultivating superior high-yield method of muskmelon
CN108307951B (en) High-efficiency pepper cultivation method for late autumn
CN112673946B (en) Method for brewing, heating and seedling raising of pod peppers in high and cold mountainous areas in south
CN104620801A (en) Technical method for cowpea planting
CN105612854A (en) Green planting method for cucumbers in solar greenhouse
CN105325214A (en) Using method of planting culture medium capable of promoting rapid growth of tomatoes

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20120516