CN102441604B - Thermal bulging method for aluminum alloy special-shaped ring-rolled piece - Google Patents

Thermal bulging method for aluminum alloy special-shaped ring-rolled piece Download PDF

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CN102441604B
CN102441604B CN201110377697.0A CN201110377697A CN102441604B CN 102441604 B CN102441604 B CN 102441604B CN 201110377697 A CN201110377697 A CN 201110377697A CN 102441604 B CN102441604 B CN 102441604B
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bulging
special
shaped ring
rolled piece
ring rolled
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CN201110377697.0A
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CN102441604A (en
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夏欲民
杨勇
杨晋
陈再鼎
彭泉兴
王学飞
由世君
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贵州安大航空锻造有限责任公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a thermal bulging method for an aluminum alloy special-shaped ring-rolled piece. The method comprises the following steps of: assembling a hot-rolled aluminum alloy special-shaped ring-rolled piece on the periphery of a preheated bulging block in a bulging machine, and starting the bulging machine to make the bulging block extrude the ring-rolling piece radially from the inner circumferential surface of the ring-rolled piece to finish first bulging, wherein the bulging temperature is 350-410 DEG C, the bulging time is 15-20 seconds, the dwelling time is 11-14 seconds, and the deflection is 0.4-0.8 percent; rotating the ring-rolled piece by 45 degrees along a central axis to finish a first rotation; performing second bulging according to the operation above, wherein the bulging temperature is 300-370 DEG C, the bulging time is 20-30 seconds, the dwelling time is 16-18 seconds, and the deflection is 0.5-1.1 percent; rotating the ring-rolled piece once according to a first rotating direction to finish second rotation; and performing third bulging according to the operation above, wherein the bulging temperature is 270-330 DEG C, the bulging time is 30-40 seconds, the dwelling time is 25-28 seconds, and the deflection is 0.5-1.1 percent. The size accuracy of the bulged ring-rolled piece can be up to 1-2 per thousand of a corresponding size; and the aluminum alloy special-shaped ring-rolled piece is manly applied to the fields of aerospace and the like.

Description

The hot expanding method of aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of expanding method of ring, particularly related to the hot expanding method of aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece.

Background technology

Aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece (referring to that longitudinal section is the looping mill rolling part of non-rectangular cross-section) adopts after looping mill rolling, and owing to being subject to the impact of rolling mill practice and equipment limitation, its dimensional accuracy is generally not high; The in the situation that only more satisfactory at special-shaped ring shape of rolling piece and equipment performance being more excellent, its dimensional accuracy just can reach 3 ‰ of corresponding size~5 ‰ (3/1000ths to 5/1000ths), and the special-shaped ring rolled piece after rolling is because stress is larger, if control the even defect such as cracking of bad easy generation warpage, distortion in following process operation.

On February 18th, 2009, disclosed Chinese invention patent description CN101367104A disclosed a kind of shroud ring, this process is by peripheral hardware high-pressure pump and make the highly pressurised liquid of its generation by the passage in high pressure cylinder, then via the passage subtracting in power post in mould part, inject fixing upper prod cast and mobile lower prod cast and the enclosure space of retaining ring formation, make retaining ring that plastic deformation occur under the effect of fluid pressure and carry out bulging retaining ring, to reach strengthening retaining ring, improve the object of retaining ring forming accuracy, from this patent specification accompanying drawing, can find out that described retaining ring is rectangle ring.But the method is for the disclosure in detail of dimensional accuracy how to improve ring by bulging, just broadly draw and can reach the object that improves retaining ring forming accuracy, the method can not solve the low problem of special-shaped ring workpiece measurement precision existing in prior art.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of hot expanding method that adopts bulging piece to realize aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece, the method is carried out bulging by continuous three small deformation amounts to described aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece, has obtained the high bulging special-shaped ring rolled piece of dimensional accuracy.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the hot expanding method of aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece of the present invention, its technical scheme comprises the following steps:

Shape expanding machine is provided, and this shape expanding machine is mainly comprised of mandrel slide block, radial slider, bulging piece, workbench and guide rail; Described mandrel slide block is conical and is sleeved in radial slider and coordinates with the taper inner peripheral surface of radial slider, and can in radial slider, move up and down vertically extruding radial slide block; Described radial slider is 12 secter pats that separate, and is arranged on the guide rail of shape expanding machine and can radially moves around along guide rail, is installed with respectively bulging piece on the outer circumference surface of each secter pat, forms a toroidal when each secter pat closes up together with bulging piece; When described mandrel slide block moves down vertically in described radial slider, can make each radial slider radially synchronizing moving diffusion make bulging piece reach the object of bulging ring, when described mandrel slide block moves up vertically in radial slider shape expanding machine can drive each radial slider radially synchronizing moving close up and make bulging piece depart from the ring after bulging; On the workbench of this shape expanding machine, can drive in addition ring deflector roll along central axis rotation on this workbench;

Hot rolling aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece cover is put into shape expanding machine, its inner ring surface is enclosed within through being preheating to the outer circumference surface periphery of the bulging piece of 260 ℃~320 ℃, the outer circumference surface of described bulging piece has and the inner peripheral surface of the described special-shaped ring rolled piece consistent shape that matches, now, radial slider is in closing up state;

Starting shape expanding machine applies axial tension F to mandrel slide block and it is moved down vertically and make the radially synchronizing moving diffusion of each radial slider along the endoporus conical surface extruding radial slide block of described radial slider, the bulging piece being contained on radial slider outer circumference surface radially pushes this looping mill rolling part from the inner circumferential surface of special-shaped ring rolled piece, the plastic deformation of the expansion of special-shaped ring rolled piece generation dimension of inner and outer diameters and wall thickness reduction, completes bulging for the first time; In this Bulging Process, the bulging temperature of described special-shaped ring rolled piece is 350 ℃~410 ℃, and the bulging time is 15s~20s, and the dwell time is 11s~14s, and bulging deflection is 0.4%~0.8%;

Shape expanding machine drives mandrel slide block to move up vertically in radial slider, and drive radial slider radially synchronizing moving close up and make bulging piece depart from the special-shaped ring rolled piece after bulging, deflector roll on the workbench of startup shape expanding machine makes it drive described special-shaped ring rolled piece along 45 ° of central axis rotations, completes the rotation for the first time of looping mill rolling part;

By the operation of above-mentioned bulging for the first time, the special-shaped ring rolled piece through after bulging is for the first time carried out to bulging for the second time, in this Bulging Process, the bulging temperature of described special-shaped ring rolled piece is 300 ℃~370 ℃, the bulging time is 20s~30s, dwell time is 16s~18s, and bulging deflection is 0.5%~1.1%;

Operation by above-mentioned rotation is for the first time rotated for the second time to the special-shaped ring rolled piece through after bulging for the second time, this rotation, and described special-shaped ring rolled piece rotates 45 ° in the same way again with direction of rotation for the first time;

By the operation of above-mentioned bulging for the first time, the special-shaped ring rolled piece through after bulging is for the second time carried out to bulging for the third time, in this Bulging Process, the bulging temperature of described special-shaped ring rolled piece is 270 ℃~330 ℃, the bulging time is 30s~40s, dwell time is 25s~28s, and bulging deflection is 0.5%~1.1%;

After bulging finishes, the mandrel slide block that moves up, closes up radial slider, takes out the special-shaped ring rolled piece after bulging.

The aluminium alloy that the above-mentioned aluminium alloy preferred material trade mark is 2618A.

The axial tension F that described shape expanding machine applies mandrel slide block is calculated as follows definite:

F=ξ×σ 0.2×S

In formula:

ξ---shape expanding machine bulge coefficient, the present invention gets 1.26~1.52;

σ 0.2---the yield strength of aluminum alloy materials (MPa) at bulging temperature, 2618A alloy is got 110MPa~160MPa;

Longitudinal section area (the mm of S---special-shaped ring rolled piece 2);

The bulging size of described looping mill rolling part under hot be calculative determination as follows:

D=D 0(1+β t)+d

In formula:

D---special-shaped ring rolled piece is the internal diameter size (mm) under hot after bulging;

D 0---special-shaped ring rolled piece is the final products internal diameter size (mm) under cold conditions after bulging;

β t---the temperature compensation coefficient (%) of special-shaped ring rolled piece at bulging temperature, 2618A alloy gets 0.7%~1%;

D---the springback capacity (mm) of internal diameter size after special-shaped ring rolled piece bulging, 2618A alloy is got 2mm~8mm.

Adopt the aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece of hot expanding method bulging of the present invention, its internal diameter size scope is Φ 400mm~Φ 4500mm, and wall thickness is 10mm~200mm, is highly 40mm~750mm.

Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:

The present invention carries out rigidity by the bulging piece on shape expanding machine and aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece and contacts direct bulging, can obtain needed bulging size and be conducive to improve dimensional accuracy.

The present invention carries out bulging by three small deformation amounts, and by selecting the suitable technological parameters such as bulging temperature, bulging time and dwell time, thereby can guarantee that aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece can not produce dynamic recrystallization in Bulging Process, can not exert an influence to the tissue of special-shaped ring rolled piece, there will not be spalling phenomenon, can also make after each bulging the springback capacity of special-shaped ring rolled piece less; And pass through 45 ° of twice rotating Vortexes of described special-shaped ring rolled piece in Bulging Process, the vestige that gap in the time of can eliminating bulging piece and radially spread bulging between adjacent bulging piece forms special-shaped ring rolled piece inner peripheral surface, thus be conducive to carrying out smoothly and obtaining the bulging special-shaped ring rolled piece that dimensional accuracy is higher of Bulging Process; In whole Bulging Process, because bulging piece can be measured the springback capacity of internal diameter size after the situation of change of special-shaped ring rolled piece internal diameter size and each bulging in real time, and measurement data is sent in time on the display of shape expanding machine, thereby when bulging, can accurately control the bulging size of special-shaped ring rolled piece.In sum, adopt the special-shaped ring rolled piece of the method for the invention bulging can obtain the final products size that dimensional accuracy is higher.

In Bulging Process, axial tension F mandrel slide block being applied due to shape expanding machine is the yield strength (σ by material at the bulge coefficient (ξ) of shape expanding machine, bulging temperature 0.2) and the longitudinal section area (S) of special-shaped ring rolled piece determine, therefore, can determine the size of axial tension F for the special-shaped ring rolled piece of different shape expanding machines and different materials, size, make special-shaped ring rolled piece stressed more even more reasonable in Bulging Process, can guarantee carrying out smoothly of Bulging Process, avoid exerting oneself excessive cause spalling or exert oneself too smallly cause swollen motionless phenomenon to occur.

The hot bulging internal diameter size (D) of described bulging special-shaped ring rolled piece is by special-shaped ring rolled piece final products internal diameter size (D under cold conditions after bulging 0), the temperature compensation coefficient (β of special-shaped ring rolled piece at bulging temperature t) and special-shaped ring rolled piece bulging after the springback capacity (d) of internal diameter size carry out calculative determination, thereby when bulging, can accurately control the thermal state sizes of special-shaped ring rolled piece, and be the final products size of special-shaped ring rolled piece after bulging in the high cold conditions size of the cooling rear acquisition dimensional accuracy of bulging special-shaped ring rolled piece.

The present invention just from looping mill the aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece of roll forming carry out while hot bulging, not only its waste heat energy enough meets the needs of bulging temperature, and can avoid the phenomenon that stress further increases after the cooling contraction of special-shaped ring rolled piece, bulging is conducive to reduce the impact of stress on special-shaped ring workpiece measurement precision before special-shaped ring rolled piece stress increases while hot.Bulging can also reduce the operation reheating while hot, saves the energy and raises labour productivity.And, preheating bulging piece, in the time of can also avoiding described special-shaped ring rolled piece bulging, temperature reduces too fastly, affects bulging temperature parameter.

The aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece that the trade mark of take is 2618A is example, and the cold conditions size of this alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece after bulging is final products sizes after testing, and the dimensional accuracy of its internal diameter, wall thickness and height has reached respectively 1 ‰ of corresponding size~2 ‰; , there is not any variation in the interior tissue of this special-shaped ring rolled piece after testing, and without defects such as distortion, warpages.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.

Fig. 1 is that hot rolling special-shaped ring rolled piece is along the profilograph of its center line.

Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of shape expanding machine.

Fig. 3 is the installation schematic diagram of hot rolling special-shaped ring rolled piece.

Fig. 4 is the hot Bulging Process schematic diagram of hot rolling special-shaped ring rolled piece.

Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram that bulging piece departs from the special-shaped ring rolled piece after bulging.

The specific embodiment

The hot expanding method of implementing aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece of the present invention need to provide the equipment such as shape expanding machine, manipulator.The aluminium alloy that China's material trademark of take is below 2618A describes the specific embodiment of the method in detail as example:

The main chemical elements content (percentage by weight) of this alloy is: si content 0.15%~0.25%, containing Fe amount 0.9%~1.4%, containing Cu amount 1.8%~2.7%, containing Mn amount≤0.25%, containing Mg amount 1.2%~1.8%, ni content 0.8%~1.4%, containing Zn amount≤0.15%, containing Ti+Zr amount≤0.25%, containing Ti amount≤0.20%, other elements add up to≤0.15%, surplus A1.

For implement hot expanding method of the present invention shape expanding machine structure diagram as shown in Figure 2, this shape expanding machine is mainly comprised of mandrel slide block 1, radial slider 2, bulging piece 3, workbench 4 and guide rail 5.Mandrel slide block 1 is conical and is sleeved in radial slider 2 and coordinates with the taper inner peripheral surface of radial slider 2, and mandrel slide block 1 can be driven and in radial slider 2, be moved up and down vertically and extruding radial slide block 2 by the hydraulic cylinder of shape expanding machine; Radial slider 2 is arranged on the guide rail 5 of shape expanding machine and can radially moves around along guide rail 5, radial slider 2 is overlooked direction from Fig. 2 and is seen it is 12 secter pat shapes of separating, on the outer circumference surface of each secter pat, be installed with respectively bulging piece 3, when each secter pat closes up, can form a toroidal together with bulging piece 3; When mandrel slide block 1 moves down vertically in radial slider 2, can make each radial slider 2 radially synchronizing moving diffusion make bulging piece 3 reach the object of bulging ring, when mandrel slide block 1 moves up vertically in radial slider 2 shape expanding machine can drive each radial slider 2 radially synchronizing moving close up and make bulging piece 3 depart from the ring after bulgings, bulging piece 3 has real-time measurement ring internal diameter size and measurement data is sent to the function on the display of shape expanding machine in Bulging Process; In addition, on the workbench 4 of this shape expanding machine, can drive in addition ring deflector roll (not shown) along central axis rotation on this workbench.

It is as follows that this alloy carries out the processing step of heat expansion shape from being rolled into special-shaped ring rolled piece:

Step 1: installation.

As shown in Figure 3, first the bulging piece 3 on shape expanding machine is preheating to 260 ℃~320 ℃, again the 2618A alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 as shown in Figure 1 of just roll forming from looping mill is overlapped while hot and puts into shape expanding machine, make its inner ring surface be enclosed within the outer circumference surface periphery of bulging piece 3, the outer circumference surface of bulging piece 3 has and the inner peripheral surface of the special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 consistent shape that matches, its bottom surface lie in workbench 4 above, now, radial slider 2 is in closing up state.During installation, the shipment of workpiece mainly completes by Robot actions.

Step 2: bulging for the first time.

As shown in Figure 4, starting shape expanding machine makes its mandrel slide block 1 axially move down along it, mandrel slide block 1 makes the radially synchronizing moving diffusion of each radial slider 2 along its taper surface extruding radial slide block 2 radial slider 2 is interior, the outer circumference surface of the bulging piece 3 in radial slider 2 contacts with the inner circumferential surface of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10, and push special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 along the inner circumferential surface of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10, make special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 from inner circumferential surface to external peripheral surface, be subject to the radial compression power from bulging piece 3, cause the inner peripheral surface of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 radially to expand, in special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 occurs, outside dimension expands, the plastic deformation of wall thickness reduction, special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is by bulging piece 3 bulging for the first time, during bulging, the hydraulic cylinder of shape expanding machine applies axial tension F to mandrel slide block 1, the bulging temperature of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is 350 ℃~410 ℃, the bulging time is 15s~20s, dwell time is 11s~14s, the bulging deflection of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is 0.4%~0.8%.

The described bulging time is the time after special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is finished to bulging by bulging from the beginning; The described dwell time refers to after special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is reached deflection by bulging and no longer deforms and remain to the time that bulging finishes always.

Step 3: rotation for the first time.

As shown in Figure 5, make shape expanding machine drive mandrel slide block 1 to move up vertically in radial slider 2, and drive radial slider 2 radially synchronizing moving close up and make bulging piece 3 depart from the special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 after bulgings, start deflector roll on the workbench 4 of shape expanding machine make its drive special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 on this workbench along central axis clockwise or be rotated counterclockwise 45 °, thereby complete the rotation for the first time of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10.

Step 4: bulging for the second time.

The Bulging Process of repeating step 1 makes 3 pairs of special-shaped ring rolled pieces of bulging piece 10 carry out bulging for the second time, during bulging, the hydraulic cylinder of shape expanding machine applies axial tension F to mandrel slide block 1, the bulging temperature of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is 300 ℃~370 ℃, the bulging time is 20s~30s, dwell time is 16s~18s, and the bulging deflection of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is 0.5%~1.1%.

Step 5: rotation for the second time.

Repeating step 3, makes the deflector roll of shape expanding machine drive special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 and direction of rotation for the first time to rotate in the same way 45 ° again, thereby completes the rotation for the second time of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10.

Step 6: bulging for the third time.

The Bulging Process of repeating step 1 makes 3 pairs of special-shaped ring rolled pieces of bulging piece 10 carry out bulging for the third time, during bulging, the hydraulic cylinder of shape expanding machine applies axial tension F to mandrel slide block 1, the bulging temperature of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is 270 ℃~330 ℃, the bulging time is 30s~40s, dwell time is 25s~28s, and the bulging deflection of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is 0.5%~1.1%.

After three times bulging finishes, the mandrel slide block 1 that moves up, closes up radial slider 2 and makes bulging piece 3 depart from special-shaped ring rolled piece 10, thereby take out special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 with manipulator, completes Bulging Process.

Special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is in Bulging Process, and described axial tension F is calculated as follows:

F=ξ×σ 0.2×S

In formula:

ξ---shape expanding machine bulge coefficient, the present invention gets 1.26~1.52;

σ 0.2---the yield strength of aluminum alloy materials (MPa) at bulging temperature, the present invention gets 110MPa~160MPa;

Longitudinal section area (the mm of S---special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 2);

The computational methods of the bulging deflection of described special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 are: bulging deflection=[the central diameter size of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 before (the central diameter size of the front special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 of central diameter size one bulging of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 after bulging)/bulging] * 100%.

The central diameter size of described special-shaped ring rolled piece 10=(outside dimension of internal diameter size+special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10) ÷ 2

For guaranteeing that described special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 can access the final size of product requirement after bulging, special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 calculates as follows at the bulging size under hot:

D=D 0(1+β t)+d

In formula:

D---special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is the internal diameter size (mm) under hot after bulging;

D 0---special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 is the final products internal diameter size (mm) under cold conditions after bulging;

β t---the temperature compensation coefficient (%) of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 at bulging temperature, the temperature compensation coefficient for different materials under different temperatures is different, and the present invention gets 0.7%~1%;

D---the springback capacity (mm) of internal diameter size after special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 bulgings, the present invention gets 2mm~8mm.

The size that above-mentioned size has comprised any corresponding point on special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 longitudinal sections, during practical operation, for simplicity, generally only measures the size of the big end surface of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10, and described big end surface is the bottom face of special-shaped ring rolled piece 10 in Fig. 1.

The aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece that adopts said method bulging, its internal diameter size scope is: Φ 400mm~Φ 4500mm, wall thickness is 10mm~200mm, is highly 40mm~750mm.

The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned special-shaped ring rolled piece 10, for the special-shaped ring rolled piece of different cross section, as long as corresponding the outer circumference surface shape of bulging piece 3 is processed into the shape consistent with the shape of the inner peripheral surface of special-shaped ring rolled piece, adopt method of the present invention just can bulging to go out the special-shaped ring rolled piece of different cross section

Claims (5)

1. a hot expanding method for aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Shape expanding machine is provided, and this shape expanding machine is mainly comprised of mandrel slide block, radial slider, bulging piece, workbench and guide rail; Described mandrel slide block is conical and is sleeved in radial slider and coordinates with the taper inner peripheral surface of radial slider, and can in radial slider, move up and down vertically extruding radial slide block; Described radial slider is 12 secter pats that separate, and is arranged on the guide rail of shape expanding machine and can radially moves around along guide rail, is installed with respectively bulging piece on the outer circumference surface of each secter pat, forms a toroidal when each secter pat closes up together with bulging piece; When described mandrel slide block moves down vertically in described radial slider, can make each radial slider radially synchronizing moving diffusion make bulging piece reach the object of bulging ring, when described mandrel slide block moves up vertically in radial slider shape expanding machine can drive each radial slider radially synchronizing moving close up and make bulging piece depart from the ring after bulging; On the workbench of this shape expanding machine, can drive in addition ring deflector roll along central axis rotation on this workbench;
Hot rolling aluminium alloy special-shaped ring rolled piece cover is put into shape expanding machine, its inner ring surface is enclosed within through being preheating to the outer circumference surface periphery of the bulging piece of 260 ℃~320 ℃, the outer circumference surface of described bulging piece has and the inner peripheral surface of the described special-shaped ring rolled piece consistent shape that matches, now, radial slider is in closing up state;
Starting shape expanding machine applies axial tension F to mandrel slide block and it is moved down vertically and make the radially synchronizing moving diffusion of each radial slider along the endoporus conical surface extruding radial slide block of described radial slider, the bulging piece being contained on radial slider outer circumference surface radially pushes this looping mill rolling part from the inner circumferential surface of special-shaped ring rolled piece, the plastic deformation of the expansion of special-shaped ring rolled piece generation dimension of inner and outer diameters and wall thickness reduction, completes bulging for the first time; In this Bulging Process, the bulging temperature of described special-shaped ring rolled piece is 350 ℃~410 ℃, and the bulging time is 15s~20s, and the dwell time is 11s~14s, and bulging deflection is 0.4%~0.8%;
Shape expanding machine drives mandrel slide block to move up vertically in radial slider, and drive radial slider radially synchronizing moving close up and make bulging piece depart from the special-shaped ring rolled piece after bulging, deflector roll on the workbench of startup shape expanding machine makes it drive described special-shaped ring rolled piece along 45 ° of central axis rotations, completes the rotation for the first time of looping mill rolling part;
By the operation of above-mentioned bulging for the first time, the special-shaped ring rolled piece through after bulging is for the first time carried out to bulging for the second time, in this Bulging Process, the bulging temperature of described special-shaped ring rolled piece is 300 ℃~370 ℃, the bulging time is 20s~30s, dwell time is 16s~18s, and bulging deflection is 0.5%~1.1%;
Operation by above-mentioned rotation is for the first time rotated for the second time to the special-shaped ring rolled piece through after bulging for the second time, this rotation, and described special-shaped ring rolled piece rotates 45 ° in the same way again with direction of rotation for the first time;
By the operation of above-mentioned bulging for the first time, the special-shaped ring rolled piece through after bulging is for the second time carried out to bulging for the third time, in this Bulging Process, the bulging temperature of described special-shaped ring rolled piece is 270 ℃~330 ℃, the bulging time is 30s~40s, dwell time is 25s~28s, and bulging deflection is 0.5%~1.1%;
After bulging finishes, the mandrel slide block that moves up, closes up radial slider, takes out the special-shaped ring rolled piece after bulging.
2. the hot expanding method of special-shaped ring rolled piece according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described aluminium alloy is 2618A.
3. the hot expanding method of special-shaped ring rolled piece according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the axial tension F that described shape expanding machine applies mandrel slide block is calculated as follows definite:
F=ξ×σ 0.2×S
In formula:
ξ---shape expanding machine bulge coefficient, the present invention gets 1.26~1.52;
σ 0.2---the yield strength of aluminum alloy materials (MPa) at bulging temperature, 2618A alloy is got 110MPa~160MPa;
Longitudinal section area (the mm of S---special-shaped ring rolled piece 2).
4. the hot expanding method of special-shaped ring rolled piece according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the bulging size of described special-shaped ring rolled piece under hot be calculative determination as follows:
D=D 0(1+β t)+d
In formula:
D---special-shaped ring rolled piece is the internal diameter size (mm) under hot after bulging;
D 0---special-shaped ring rolled piece is the final products internal diameter size (mm) under cold conditions after bulging;
β tthe temperature compensation coefficient (%) of special-shaped ring rolled piece at bulging temperature, 2618A alloy gets 0.7%~1%;
D---the springback capacity (mm) of internal diameter size after special-shaped ring rolled piece bulging, 2618A alloy is got 2mm~8mm.
5. the hot expanding method of special-shaped ring rolled piece according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the special-shaped ring rolled piece of described bulging, and its internal diameter size scope is Φ 400mm~4500mm, wall thickness is 10mm~200mm, is highly 40mm~750mm.
CN201110377697.0A 2011-11-24 2011-11-24 Thermal bulging method for aluminum alloy special-shaped ring-rolled piece CN102441604B (en)

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