CN102436757A - Parking space guiding and reverse vehicle searching system and method - Google Patents

Parking space guiding and reverse vehicle searching system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102436757A
CN102436757A CN2010105007140A CN201010500714A CN102436757A CN 102436757 A CN102436757 A CN 102436757A CN 2010105007140 A CN2010105007140 A CN 2010105007140A CN 201010500714 A CN201010500714 A CN 201010500714A CN 102436757 A CN102436757 A CN 102436757A
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China
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parking stall
car plate
car
computing machine
parking
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CN2010105007140A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102436757B (en
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刘鹏
孙卫东
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北京紫光百会科技有限公司
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Publication of CN102436757A publication Critical patent/CN102436757A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a parking space guiding and reverse vehicle searching system and a method. The parking space guiding and reverse vehicle searching system comprises a parking space and licence plate identifying and positioning device and an inquiry terminal, wherein the parking space and licence plate identifying and positioning device further comprises a center data server, a licence plate identifying computer, a site controller, a guiding screen, a parking space lamp and a camera, wherein the center data server is connected with a vehicle identifying computer by an Ethernet, the licence plate identifying computer is connected with the site controller by the Ethernet, the site controller is connected with the camera, the parking space lamp and the guiding screen, and the center data server is also connected with the inquiry terminal by a wired network or a wireless network. By adopting the technical scheme disclosed by the invention, a parking space guiding system and a reverse vehicle searching system can be combined into a whole; and moreover, the structure is simple, the manufacturing cost is low, and the problems of parking difficulty, vehicle searching difficulty and the like are also solved effectively.

Description

A kind of parking stall guides and oppositely seeks truck system and method

Technical field

The present invention relates to the parking guidance technical field, relate in particular to the guiding of a kind of parking stall and oppositely seek truck system and method.

Background technology

Along with the continuous increase of China's motor vehicle quantity in recent years, corresponding parking lot construction scale is also increasing, the appearance that will continue of the large parking lot of multilayer, multizone, and the problem of some " parking difficulty " and " seeking the car difficulty " produces thereupon.The motorist can not find idle parking stall after getting into the parking lot, and invalid going sought the empty wagons position in the parking lot, problem such as cause the parking lot passage to block up, air ambient is abominable.Yet, when the motorist returns when picking up the car, because parking lot internal state more complicated, be difficult to find fast for the moment the parking stall of own vehicle again, cause time waste, mood irritable, reduced problems such as parking lot efficiency of operation.

Solve " parking difficulty " problem at present; Mainly be utilization ultrasound wave parking stall Detection Techniques; In each parking stall ultrasonic probe and parking stall lamp are installed, are surveyed and show the full state of sky of parking stall, with navigational panel viewing area empty wagons bits number; The problem of parking difficulty can be solved, but the difficult problem of car of seeking can not be solved.And " seeking the car difficulty " problem that solves mainly is to use the means such as location, bar code ticket location, car plate identification positioning of swiping the card to carry out vehicle location; The shortcoming that location and bar code ticket locate of swiping the card is that the requirement driver has stopped will arrive behind the car on the locating terminal on next door and swipes the card or get tickets; Cumbersome; Can be placed on card in the car after most of driver gets off, or forget to go brush, then vehicle location just can not realize.

The car plate identification positioning is to do car plate identification at the passage two ends of vehicle process, brings in constant renewal in vehicle location, owing to involve great expense, so the general area division is bigger, the location is inaccurate.Because with interference such as car, pedestrians, the car plate discrimination can not be very high, cause vehicle location to upgrade slippage errors such as mistake, often cause seeking the car error, so the mode of car plate identification positioning is used seldom.

The parking stall guides and oppositely seeks two systems of car and adds up; Could solve the problem of " parking difficulty " and " seeking the car difficulty "; Cost is not low, and the truck space guiding system effect is not bad, but oppositely seeking truck system can not realize the function of location navigation lightheartedly always well.At present, a cover perfect in shape and function, the guiding of easy to use, cheap parking stall and oppositely seek truck system need be proposed really.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to propose the guiding of a kind of parking stall and oppositely seek truck system and method, can deposit through the identification positioning guided vehicle of parking stall and car plate identification, and can show the position of parking and the route of picking up the car more accurately.

For reaching this purpose, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:

A kind of parking stall guides and oppositely seeks truck system; Comprise parking stall car plate identification positioning device and inquiry terminal; Wherein, Parking stall car plate identification positioning device further comprises centre data server, car plate identification computing machine, field controller, navigational panel, parking stall lamp and camera, and the centre data server via Ethernet connects the vehicle identification computing machine, and car plate identification computing machine connects field controller through wired network or wireless network; Field controller connects camera, parking stall lamp and navigational panel, and the centre data server also is connected through wired network or wireless network with inquiry terminal.

Car plate identification computing machine is the industrial computer of four nuclear CPU.

Field controller comprises an embedded DSP singlechip controller.

The parking stall lamp is a LED lamp group.

Inquiry terminal further comprises liquid crystal touch screen and multimedia output apparatus.

A kind of parking stall guides and oppositely seeks the car method, may further comprise the steps:

A, navigational panel show the parking position situation, offer the motorist, and the motorist is according to the color judgment parking stall situation of parking stall lamp, and parking;

B, camera collection parking stall and vehicle image, field controller are judged the empty full state in parking stall, and the view data that grasps is uploaded car plate identification computing machine;

C, parking stall lamp variable color are the full corresponding color in parking stall;

Behind D, the car plate identification computer Recognition car plate, data result is uploaded to the centre data server;

E, when the motorist picks up the car, import the number-plate number or the number part numeral of own vehicle at inquiry terminal;

F, inquiry terminal are from centre data server gathering information, and demonstration is similar, identical with input car plate numeral or the vehicle data of fuzzy matching;

After G, motorist choose the vehicle of oneself, show vehicle location on the touch-screen of inquiry terminal and seek the bus or train route line recently.

Among the step B, field controller is uploaded car plate identification computing machine through Ethernet with the view data that grasps, and among the step D, car plate identification computing machine uploads to the centre data server with data result through Ethernet.

Among the step D, car plate identification computing machine uses rapid artificial intelligent algorithm identification car plate.

Adopted technical scheme of the present invention, not only can be and oppositely seek truck system and unite two into one, and simple in structure, cheap truck space guiding system, and efficiently solve problems such as " parking difficulty " and " look for car difficult ".

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is parking stall guiding and the structural representation of oppositely seeking truck system in the specific embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 2 is a camera installation site synoptic diagram in the specific embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 3 is that the parking stall guides and oppositely seek the car process flow diagram in the specific embodiment of the invention.

Embodiment

Further specify technical scheme of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and through embodiment.

Of the present invention mainly being differentiated the empty full state in parking stall with the mode of video image identification; The method identification number-plate number with image recognition; The parking stall guides and oppositely seeks truck system and unites two into one, and hundreds of parking stalls have a car plate identification computing machine, have reduced system cost.Vehicle location need not be swiped the card, and the motorist just can accomplish vehicle location without waste motion, carries out the fuzzy matching inquiry through inputting license plate number, and sign the best is sought the bus or train route line.

Fig. 1 is parking stall guiding and the structural representation of oppositely seeking truck system in the specific embodiment of the invention.As shown in Figure 1; This system comprises parking stall car plate identification positioning device 1 and inquiry terminal 201; Parking stall car plate identification positioning device further comprises central server 101, car plate identification computing machine 102, field controller 103, parking stall lamp 104, camera 105 and navigational panel 106; The centre data server via Ethernet connects the vehicle identification computing machine of lower floor; Car plate identification computing machine is through the field controller of Ethernet connection lower floor, and field controller connects camera, parking stall lamp and navigational panel, and inquiry terminal is connected with the centre data server through Ethernet.The centre data server also is connected through wired network or wireless network with inquiry terminal.

Wherein, Field controller connects camera and parking stall lamp, and it comprises an embedded DSP singlechip controller, is mainly used in the extracting of image scene picture and uploads; Optional wherein one tunnel video image compression becomes the IP form to upload; The empty full state in parking stall is judged in calculating, and drives the parking stall lamp with the empty full state in red green demonstration parking stall, uploads on-the-spot each equipment running.The centre data server is obtained the parking stall vectoring information from the upper strata, issues parking space guide screen nearby and shows zone, empty wagons position, accomplishes the parking stall guiding function.Each field controller can be controlled 8 road cameras and parking stall lamp at most, can satisfy between two pillars in general parking lot 6 or 8 parking stall and cover, and controls 2 parking space guide screens at most.It is AV signal format that field controller connects camera; Connecting parking stall lamp switch signal drives; Connect navigational panel and use the RS-485 communications protocol, upwards connect car plate identification computing machine and adopt the Ethernet ICP/IP protocol, the ICP/IP protocol that upwards connects can be a wired network; Also can use wireless network Wifi agreement, can save the wiring trouble.

Car plate identification computing machine is used to discern the vehicle pictures number-plate number of extracting, and uploads to the centre data server to the number-plate number, parking stall coding, the empty full state in parking stall and vehicle pictures etc.Car plate identification computing machine generally is installed on the on-the-spot wall or on the pillar nearby, also can be installed in the management pulpit, and it according to the time requirement of car plate Data Update, can control a plurality of field controllers through the field controller of Ethernet connection lower floor.As the time requirement 10 seconds that refreshes car plate data fully, then chassis board identification computing machine can be controlled about 200 parking stalls; If refresh time extends to 20 seconds, then control parking stall quantity and can be increased to about about 400.Car plate identification computing machine requires computing power stronger, requires again to be fit to work on the spot, generally adopts the industrial computer of four nuclear CPU, and built-in car plate identification software can not wanted peripheral hardwares such as display and keyboard after debugging finishes.In order to shorten the time delay of car plate identification, system can preferentially discern processing to the vehicle of up-to-date entering parking stall automatically, and to the vehicle taking turn processing that vehicle is come in and gone out and changed does not take place, so can not cause too many time delay.The identification number-plate number; Use rapid artificial intelligent algorithm, can improve the accuracy rate of car plate identification and the accuracy rate of multiframe continuous videos stream identification, the whole board recognition accuracy of vehicle is greater than 90%; Back 5 bit digital recognition accuracies are greater than 97%, and single frames picture recognition time is less than 25 milliseconds.

Centre data server operated by rotary motion is in the management pulpit, and it is the core of total system, is mainly used in to refresh and storage cart item, the number-plate number, empty full state, vehicle pictures etc.; According to the empty full state computation parking space guide screen in parking stall to show the empty wagons figure place, and be handed down to field controller; According to the request of inquiry terminal, issue inquiry terminal to the car item of the corresponding number-plate number, vehicle pictures etc., supply client's enquiring vehicle position to use.The management maintenance work of system comprises management car plate identification computing machine, field controller, inquiry terminal etc., carries out the parameter setting, passes under program, data and the map etc. etc.

The empty full identification in parking stall realizes through field controller; Guaranteed the real-time of parking stall identification and parking stall guiding; The state of parking stall lamp shows basic not free the delay, because field controller and centre data server adopt the TCP/IP communications protocol, communication speed is much higher than the RS-485 bus again; The Data Update time of total system shortened more than 90% than ultrasound wave parking stall identification commonly used now less than 1 second.

Car plate identification is operated on the car plate identification computing machine and realizes that more than 200 above parking stall has a computing machine and Vehicle License Plate Recognition System software, reduced the cost of system.The good framework of this system has solved the contradiction of performance and cost well, lays the foundation for system reduces cost.

Inquiry terminal is made up of the inquiry terminal of band liquid crystal touch screen, and there are multimedia output apparatus such as sound at the terminal, and outward appearance fashion is easy to use, and operated by rotary motion gets into the parking lot only way which must be passed personnel such as the lift port of buildings, stair mouth, halls.It is connected with centre data server via Ethernet ICP/IP protocol, can be wired network, also can be wireless network Wifi.Its information of vehicles and electronic chart through calling the centre data server on liquid crystal touch screen, show the vehicle exact position, and sign is sought the car best route.Seek the bus or train route line and indicate with map and navigation way, route and the step that also can seek car with literal and speech explanation, easy to use.When the motorist returns when picking up the car, only need the number-plate number of input oneself on touch-screen, or indivedual numerals of the number-plate number; System will carry out fuzzy matching to the similar number-plate number; Show a plurality of number-plate numbers and vehicle pictures on touch-screen, after the motorist browses, select correct information of vehicles; Locate the vehicle of oneself fast, system provides subsequently seeks the bus or train route line.Can not find car in the time of can preventing the car plate identification error or misremember car plate with the method for fuzzy matching.

The all right expanded function of inquiry terminal; As print Query Result and seek bus or train route line chart, self-help charging (system will and support to swipe the card payment, mobile-phone payment etc. with the stopping charging system networking), idle period playing advertisements, inquiry market and the briefing of mansion, the consumption reward voucher in printing market etc., can expand according to actual conditions.

Inquiry terminal and system have accomplished together and have oppositely sought the car function, and it is easy to use that this seeks the car function, do not need motorist's unnecessary action request such as swipe the card, and have overcome the positioning system of swiping the card and have forgotten and swipe the card and can not find the difficult problem of car.Equally; Owing to be the camera in a parking stall; So the number-plate number and parking stall strictness are corresponding one by one; Even indivedual parking stalls are arranged, also can, next round fill when refreshing, so can not cause the corresponding wrong slippage errors problem of parking stall and vehicle owing to there be blocking of vehicle, pedestrian not catch the number-plate number.

Fig. 2 is a camera installation site synoptic diagram in the specific embodiment of the invention.As shown in Figure 2, camera is used to take parking stall and vehicle image, requires advantages of small volume, is fit to the low-light (level) use, generally is installed in the passage opposite of parking stall.The parking stall lamp also will be installed in the next door of camera, and parking stall one side and camera that the parking stall lamp then is installed in passage are just in time opposite; Be used to indicate the full state of sky of this parking stall, generally use LED lamp group, represent that the parking stall is full, the car state is arranged with redness; Green parking stall sky, the no car state represented; The blue disabled person parking stall of representing, the predetermined RESERVED of green flicker representative etc., function can define flexibly.Navigational panel is the empty wagons bits number that is used for showing respective regions, and convenient in order to connect networking, parking space guide screen is connected with the field controller on next door nearby, obtains video data.

Fig. 3 is that the parking stall guides and oppositely seek the car process flow diagram in the specific embodiment of the invention.As shown in Figure 3, the system works flow process may further comprise the steps:

Step 301, when the motorist marches into the arena, according to the selected parking lot and the parking area that will go of parking space guide screen.

After step 302, motorist get into parking area, seek suitable empty wagons position according to the demonstration of parking stall lamp, the car state is expired, had in red expression parking stall; Green parking stall sky, the no car state represented; The blue disabled person parking stall of representing, the predetermined RESERVED of green flicker representative etc., function can define flexibly.

After step 303, the parking, camera collection parking stall and vehicle image, and through Ethernet the view data that grasps is uploaded car plate and discern computing machine.

Step 304, the parking stall lamp look that reddens, the car owner can leave voluntarily.

Behind step 305, the computer Recognition car plate, data result is uploaded to the centre data server through Ethernet, so far, parking stall identification and car plate end of identification.

Step 306, motorist leave the theatre when picking up the car, and import the number-plate number or the number part numeral of own vehicle through inquiry terminal nearby.

Step 307, inquiry terminal are from centre data server gathering information.

Step 308, inquiry terminal show the vehicle data of or fuzzy matching similar, identical with input car plate numeral.

After step 309, motorist choose the vehicle of oneself, show vehicle location on the touch-screen of inquiry terminal and seek the bus or train route line recently, seek car and finish.

More than; Be merely the preferable embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, anyly is familiar with this technological people in the technical scope that the present invention disclosed; The variation that can expect easily or replacement all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain of claim.

Claims (8)

1. a parking stall guides and oppositely seeks truck system; It is characterized in that; Comprise parking stall car plate identification positioning device and inquiry terminal, wherein, parking stall car plate identification positioning device further comprises centre data server, car plate identification computing machine, field controller, navigational panel, parking stall lamp and camera; The centre data server via Ethernet connects the vehicle identification computing machine; Car plate identification computing machine connects field controller through wired network or wireless network, and field controller connects camera, parking stall lamp and navigational panel, and the centre data server also is connected through wired network or wireless network with inquiry terminal.
According to a kind of parking stall guiding of claim 1 with oppositely seek truck system, it is characterized in that car plate identification computing machine is the industrial computer of four nuclear CPU.
According to a kind of parking stall guiding of claim 1 with oppositely seek truck system, it is characterized in that field controller comprises an embedded DSP singlechip controller.
According to a kind of parking stall guiding of claim 1 with oppositely seek truck system, it is characterized in that the parking stall lamp is a LED lamp group.
According to a kind of parking stall guiding of claim 1 with oppositely seek truck system, it is characterized in that inquiry terminal further comprises liquid crystal touch screen and multimedia output apparatus.
Parking stall guiding with oppositely seek the car method, it is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
A, navigational panel show the parking position situation, offer the motorist, and the motorist is according to the color judgment parking stall situation of parking stall lamp, and parking;
B, camera collection parking stall and vehicle image, field controller are judged the empty full state in parking stall, and the view data that grasps is uploaded car plate identification computing machine;
C, parking stall lamp variable color are the full corresponding color in parking stall;
Behind D, the car plate identification computer Recognition car plate, data result is uploaded to the centre data server;
E, when the motorist picks up the car, import the number-plate number or the number part numeral of own vehicle at inquiry terminal;
F, inquiry terminal are from centre data server gathering information, and demonstration is similar, identical with input car plate numeral or the vehicle data of fuzzy matching;
After G, motorist choose the vehicle of oneself, show vehicle location on the touch-screen of inquiry terminal and seek the bus or train route line recently.
7. a kind of parking stall according to claim 6 guides and oppositely seeks the car method; It is characterized in that; Among the step B; Field controller is uploaded car plate identification computing machine through Ethernet with the view data that grasps, and among the step D, car plate identification computing machine uploads to the centre data server with data result through Ethernet.
8. a kind of parking stall according to claim 6 guides and oppositely seeks the car method, it is characterized in that, among the step D, car plate identification computing machine uses rapid artificial intelligent algorithm identification car plate.
CN201010500714.0A 2010-09-29 2010-09-29 Parking space guiding and reverse vehicle searching system and method CN102436757B (en)

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