CN102433855A - Flood scheduling system - Google Patents

Flood scheduling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102433855A
CN102433855A CN2011103091206A CN201110309120A CN102433855A CN 102433855 A CN102433855 A CN 102433855A CN 2011103091206 A CN2011103091206 A CN 2011103091206A CN 201110309120 A CN201110309120 A CN 201110309120A CN 102433855 A CN102433855 A CN 102433855A
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flood
scheduling
forecast
data
dispatching
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CN102433855B (en
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李胜
郑强
张宗旗
杨春友
雷长富
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GUIZHOU DONGFANG SHIJI SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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GUIZHOU DONGFANG SHIJI SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a flood scheduling system which comprises a flood scheduling prediction function module, a flood scheduling simulation function module, a human-and-computer interactive scheduling function module, an optimal scheduling function module and a joint scheduling function module which are respectively in network connection with a database system and a flood prediction system through data calling functions among the function modules in the system or a communication technology based on a WebService technology. With the adoption of a five-function scheduling mode, the flood scheduling system is applied to various flood scheduling requirements, and the problems of single scheduling means, poor generality and the like of the conventional flood scheduling system are solved.

Description

The flood dispatching patcher
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field that the flood scheduling combines with computer application.
Background technology
The flood dispatching patcher is occupied very important position in whole flood forecasting dispatching patcher; Regimen, worker's feelings and socioeconomic status according to reservoir basin, flood control key area, dam downstream; Carry out the flood-proofing terrain analysis; According to the result of flood forecasting,, generate flood scheduling prediction scheme according to different control models.The purpose of optimizing scheduling of reservoir is exactly according to the designing requirement of reservoir and condition, under the prerequisite that guarantees dam safety, makes full use of storage capacity and regulates flood; Deal carefully with the relation of letting out of holding, give full play to the comprehensive utilization benefit of water resource, for the flood control being main reservoir; When reservoir level is restricted water supply the position above flood after; Main consideration flood control scheduling under the safety discharge of downstream permission, is reduced to flood to reservoir level as early as possible and restricts water supply below the position.But the scheduling means that current flood dispatching patcher is adopted are more single; Only carry out Software Design according to concrete demand; And each reservoir all has specific scheduling rule; Existing flood dispatching patcher can not satisfy the scheduling requirement under the different situations, and existing flood dispatching patcher versatility is poor.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention will solve: provide a kind of flood dispatching patcher single, problems such as versatility difference to solve existing flood dispatching patcher scheduling means.
Technical scheme of the present invention:
A kind of flood dispatching patcher, it comprises:
Forecast flood scheduling feature module; Forecast result according to flood forecast system calculates flood hygrograph; According to current flood and downstream hydrologic regime data; Scheduling scheme and dispatching principle according to being provided with carry out flood routing, calculate corresponding scheduling result, are electrically connected with Database Systems and flood forecast system;
Simulation flood scheduling feature module is carried out operation simulation calculating after specifying any flood data and playing the accent parameter, is electrically connected with Database Systems and flood forecast system;
Man-machine interaction scheduling feature module is participated in scheduling process through manual work, and the unlatching situation of each earial drainage facility of artificial control and gate opening amount transfer flood to calculate, and are electrically connected with Database Systems and flood forecast system;
The Optimization Dispatching functional module is carried out integrated dispatch according to actual conditions and is calculated, and to reach the effect that whole basin is optimized scheduling, is electrically connected with Database Systems and flood forecast system;
The combined dispatching functional module is united forecast and scheduling calculating to forecast section in the basin or reservoir control node, is electrically connected with Database Systems and flood forecast system.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Flood dispatching patcher of the present invention; Forecast flood scheduling feature module calculates the flood into reservoir graph of reservoir according to the forecast result of flood forecasting; Again with reference to current reservoir and downstream hydrologic regime data; Scheduling scheme and dispatching principle according to being provided with carry out flood routing, finally calculate corresponding scheduling result and use with decision-making for your guidance; Scheduling result mainly comprises the effluent graph and the gatage data etc. of flood warehouse-in graph, reservoir level graph, outbound graph, each earial drainage facility; Simulation flood scheduling feature module; After specifying any flood data and play the accent parameter, the user carries out operation simulation calculating; Operation simulation can not need real-time prediction flood and real-time reservoir hydrologic regime data; Its simulation flood data can be taken place historical flood data, design flood data, each frequency flood data, typical flood data and arbitrarily the manual simulation import data etc., realize simulation flood scheduling feature.The man-machine interaction scheduling is meant through manual work participates in scheduling process, and a kind of scheduling mode that the unlatching situation of each earial drainage facility of artificial control and gate opening amount transfer flood to calculate is realized the man-machine interaction scheduling feature.The Optimization Dispatching sub-function module mainly adopts maximum peak clipping, avoids the peak hour and transfer the basic ideas of flood, compensation scheduling, and carries out integrated use to reach the effect that whole basin is optimized scheduling according to actual conditions.Associating forecast dispatch sub-function module is to a plurality of forecast sections in the basin or a plurality of flood control node unites forecast and scheduling is calculated, and when carrying out combined calculation, its forecast and scheduling interact, and interdepend; The forecast result is the part of its downstream scheduling warehouse-in; Scheduling result is the part of its downstream forecast section; The forecast data of downstream node by the outbound water transfer process of interval forecasting process and each reservoir of the upper reaches through the superposition of data after the river course evolution; Whole basin constitutes forecast dispatch basin node diagram based on the correlation in each reservoir and zone; The forecast dispatch process is that the forecast dispatch node diagram is carried out calculation process one by one, can specify a certain node to carry out forecast dispatch arbitrarily and calculate, and also can unite forecast dispatch to each contact node and calculate; Through forecast dispatch apply in a flexible way and the result of calculation of each step is carried out the flood analysis, for flood control and scheduling provide reference and service.In the combined dispatching process, provide various optimized calculation method to be optimized scheduling automatically, to realize whole coordination and optimization.Flood dispatching patcher of the present invention adopts above-mentioned five kinds of scheduling methods, is applicable to flood scheduling needs miscellaneous, and it is single to have solved present flood dispatching patcher scheduling means, problems such as versatility difference.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structured flowchart of the present invention;
Fig. 2 forecasts flood scheduling feature module controls schematic diagram for the present invention;
Fig. 3 simulates flood scheduling feature module controls schematic diagram for the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the man-machine mutual scheduling feature module controls schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is Optimization Dispatching functional module control principle figure of the present invention;
Fig. 6 unites forecast dispatch functional module control principle figure for the present invention.
The specific embodiment:
The flood dispatching patcher; Comprise (see figure 1): forecast flood scheduling feature module, simulation flood scheduling feature module, man-machine interaction scheduling feature module, Optimization Dispatching functional module and man-machine interaction scheduling feature module, unify flood forecast system through the data call function between the internal system functional module or carry out network based on the mechanics of communication of Web Service technology and be connected with data base set respectively.
The integrated technology of Web Service has solved the problem of original integrated technology aspect the Internet telecommunication to a great extent as a kind of new application integration technology towards function and method.Web Service carries out service describing based on XML document, and services request and feedback result can be transmitted through http protocol on Internet, easily by visit and return results.Simultaneously; Because the relevant criterion of Web Service all is the open protocol of W3C; With platform and operating system independent, being implemented in to a great extent of the Web Service on different platforms and the operating system can be accomplished interoperability, and this just makes integrated the becoming of using on the heterogeneous platform be easy to.In addition; Use in the past based on RPC (RPC-Remote Procedure Call; Remote procedure call) and the integrated technology of API (Application Programming Interface, programming interface) all be a kind of static solution (even they use XML when the client-server communication) of function level; Web Service then is a kind of dynamic Integrated Solution, and all services can dynamically come to light, bind and use through the UDDI standard, the change of adaptive system easily, the flexibility and the retractility of raising system.
Forecast flood scheduling feature module; Forecast flood scheduling feature module calculates the flood into reservoir graph of reservoir according to the forecast result of flood forecasting; Again with reference to current reservoir and downstream hydrologic regime data; Scheduling scheme and dispatching principle according to being provided with carry out flood routing, finally calculate corresponding scheduling result and use with decision-making for your guidance; Scheduling result mainly comprises the effluent graph and the gatage data etc. of flood warehouse-in graph, reservoir level graph, outbound graph, each earial drainage facility; Data call function through between Web Service technology or the internal system functional module connects, the data interaction between realization and other functional modules.Its control principle (see figure 2): forecast flood scheduling feature module reads upper reaches forecast flood data, scheduling reservoir basic data, reservoir hydrologic regime data, downstream flood control data and dispatching principle and scheme data in real time from the data base set flood forecast system of unifying; Forecast Calculation of Flood, flood scheduling through forecast flood scheduling feature module calculated, issue result data, scheduling parameter extract, show result data, result data management processing after, the output scheduling result data.Realize the functional purpose of forecast flood scheduling feature module.
Simulation flood scheduling feature module; After specifying any flood data and play the accent parameter, the user carries out operation simulation calculating; Operation simulation can not need real-time prediction flood and real-time reservoir hydrologic regime data, its simulation flood data can be taken place historical flood data, design flood data, each frequency flood data, typical flood data and arbitrarily the manual simulation import data etc.Data call function through between Web Service technology or the internal system functional module connects, the data interaction between realization and other functional modules.Its control principle (see figure 3): simulation flood scheduling feature module reads upper reaches simulation flood data, scheduling reservoir basic data, reservoir and transfers parameter, downstream flood control data, dispatching principle and scheme data etc. from the data base set flood forecast system of unifying; Simulation flood through simulation flood scheduling feature module extracts, the flood scheduling is calculated, issued result data, flood data preparation, shows processing such as result data, result data management, finally draws the scheduling result data.
Man-machine interaction scheduling feature module; The man-machine interaction scheduling is meant through manual work participates in scheduling process; A kind of scheduling mode that the unlatching situation of each earial drainage facility of artificial control and gate opening amount transfer flood to calculate, it is initiatively to be participated in dispatching and the complete scheduling of carrying out according to user intent by manual work.When carrying out the man-machine interactively scheduling, needing whether have effective aperture of gate and gate to carry out correctness to each earial drainage facility detects;, then do not calculate according to free overflow mode automatically the earial drainage facility when having gate control; And each earial drainage facility is carried out alternative launch, the interactive interface of revising data dispatching is provided, the user can open or adjust the aperture data arbitrarily; Program calculated corresponding up-to-date scheduling result immediately automatically after adjustment was accomplished, and adjusted repeatedly till the user is satisfied; The uncontrollable free overfall facility of corresponding no gate does not then provide retouching operation; Need to handle automatically by program; Be connected the data interaction between realization and other functional modules through the data call function between Web Service technology or the internal system functional module with Database Systems and flood forecasting function.Its control principle (see figure 4): man-machine interaction scheduling feature module reads upper reaches flood data, scheduling reservoir basic data, reservoir hydrologic regime data, downstream flood control data, manual dispatching scheme data in real time from the data base set flood forecast system of unifying; Manual work is provided with the gatage setting; Control monitoring, accent flood calculating in real time, show processing such as result data and issue result data from the input of Database Systems through man-machine interaction scheduling feature module then, finally draw the scheduling result data.
The Optimization Dispatching functional module; The Optimization Dispatching functional module mainly adopts maximum peak clipping, avoids the peak hour and transfer the basic ideas of flood, compensation scheduling; And carry out integrated use to reach the effect that whole basin is optimized scheduling according to actual conditions, can adopt the segmentation trial and error procedure to be optimized scheduling; The segmentation trial and error procedure is a kind of process iterative algorithm, at first introduces constraints one by one according to importance; Revise the iteration form repeatedly according to result of calculation then, get final product up to approaching optimal solution.In the utilization of Optimization Dispatching model; Program can be optimized to calculate according to user selected parameter automatically and see; Be connected the data interaction between realization and other functional modules through the data call function between Web Service technology or the internal system functional module with Database Systems and flood forecasting functional module.Its control principle (see figure 5): from data base set unify flood forecast system read upper reaches flood data, scheduling reservoir basic data, in real time reservoir hydrologic regime data, downstream flood control data, Optimization Model supplemental characteristic, optimize index weight data etc.; Through the inner extraction parameters optimization of Optimization Dispatching functional module, scheduling calculating, computation optimization, scheme appraise and choose excellent, display optimization scheme and show processing such as result data, finally draw the Optimization Dispatching result data.
Associating forecast dispatch functional module, associating forecast dispatch functional module is to a plurality of forecast sections in the basin or a plurality of flood control node unites forecast and scheduling is calculated, and when carrying out combined calculation, its forecast and scheduling interact, and interdepend; The forecast result is the part of its downstream scheduling warehouse-in; Scheduling result is the part of its downstream forecast section; The forecast data of downstream node by the outbound water transfer process of interval forecasting process and each reservoir of the upper reaches through the superposition of data after the river course evolution; Whole basin constitutes forecast dispatch basin node diagram based on the correlation in each reservoir and zone; The forecast dispatch process is that the forecast dispatch node diagram is carried out calculation process one by one, can specify a certain node to carry out forecast dispatch arbitrarily and calculate, and also can unite forecast dispatch to each contact node and calculate; Through forecast dispatch apply in a flexible way and the result of calculation of each step is carried out the flood analysis, for flood control and scheduling provide reference and service.In the combined dispatching process, provide various optimized calculation method to be optimized scheduling automatically; To realize whole coordination and optimization; Be connected the data interaction between realization and other functional modules through the data call function between Web Service technology or the internal system functional module with Database Systems and flood forecasting functional module.Its control principle (see figure 6): associating forecast dispatch functional module reads real-time water rain condition data, underlying parameter data, reservoir hydrologic regime data, downstream flood control data, forecast scheme data, scheduling scheme data, forecast dispatch structure chart data etc. in real time from the data base set flood forecast system of unifying; Dispatch, show processing such as result data through association node extraction, structure connection analysis, flood forecasting, the flood of associating forecast dispatch functional module then, finally draw the forecast result data and the scheduling result data of associating forecast dispatch.
Flood dispatching patcher of the present invention adopts above-mentioned five kinds of scheduling methods, is applicable to flood scheduling needs miscellaneous, and it is single to have solved present flood dispatching patcher scheduling means, problems such as versatility difference.

Claims (1)

1. flood dispatching patcher, it is characterized in that: it comprises:
Forecast flood scheduling feature module; Forecast result according to flood forecast system calculates flood hygrograph; According to current flood and downstream hydrologic regime data; Scheduling scheme and dispatching principle according to being provided with carry out flood routing, calculate corresponding scheduling result, are electrically connected with Database Systems and flood forecast system;
Simulation flood scheduling feature module is carried out operation simulation calculating after specifying any flood data and playing the accent parameter, is electrically connected with Database Systems and flood forecast system;
Man-machine interaction scheduling feature module is participated in scheduling process through manual work, and the unlatching situation of each earial drainage facility of artificial control and gate opening amount transfer flood to calculate, and are electrically connected with Database Systems and flood forecast system;
The Optimization Dispatching functional module is carried out integrated dispatch according to actual conditions and is calculated, and to reach the effect that whole basin is optimized scheduling, is electrically connected with Database Systems and flood forecast system;
The combined dispatching functional module is united forecast and scheduling calculating to forecast section in the basin or reservoir control node, is electrically connected with Database Systems and flood forecast system.
CN201110309120.6A 2011-10-13 2011-10-13 Flood scheduling system Active CN102433855B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103088784A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-05-08 武汉大学 Cascade reservoir flood control water level real-time dynamic control method
CN107609787A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-01-19 福建四创软件有限公司 Automatic scheduling method is combined based on the lock pump group for automatically generating prediction scheme

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CN200969136Y (en) * 2006-08-24 2007-10-31 北京燕禹水务科技有限公司 Real-time hydrology information automatic monitoring and disaster prewarning alarm system
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103088784A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-05-08 武汉大学 Cascade reservoir flood control water level real-time dynamic control method
CN107609787A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-01-19 福建四创软件有限公司 Automatic scheduling method is combined based on the lock pump group for automatically generating prediction scheme

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