CN102430469B - Household garbage sorting technique and sorting device thereof - Google Patents

Household garbage sorting technique and sorting device thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102430469B
CN102430469B CN201110341460.7A CN201110341460A CN102430469B CN 102430469 B CN102430469 B CN 102430469B CN 201110341460 A CN201110341460 A CN 201110341460A CN 102430469 B CN102430469 B CN 102430469B
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China
Prior art keywords
stir
wash
thing
layering
water
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201110341460.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102430469A (en
Inventor
江涛
于今
武丽梅
周林
王兴业
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Chongqing University
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Chongqing University
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Publication of CN102430469B publication Critical patent/CN102430469B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a household garbage sorting technique and a sorting device thereof. The sorting technique comprises the following steps: stirring washing separation, smashing of kitchen residues, collection, cleaning and transportation of light materials and heavy materials, as well as collecting and transportation of kitchen residues. The sorting device comprises a cavity, wherein a stirring washing barrel, a stirring washing layering barrel, a smashing device and a high-pressure flushing device are arranged in the cavity; the upper part of the stirring washing barrel is separated from the upper part of the stirring washing layering barrel through a clapboard; the lower parts of the stirring washing barrel and the stirring washing layering barrel are communicated with each other; a garbage inlet conveyance belt is arranged at the barrel opening of the stirring washing barrel; a channel is arranged on the side wall of the stirring washing layering barrel; a light material outlet is arranged on the channel; the bottom of the channel is connected with a heavy material conveyance belt; an inclined slide plate is arranged at the light material outlet; the inclined slide plate is connected with a light material conveyance belt; a light material cleaner is arranged on the light material conveyance belt; a sewage outlet is arranged in the position of the side wall of the channel where is close to the smashing device; and the high-pressure flushing device is arranged over the water surface end of the heavy material conveyance belt. The sorting device has simple structure and high efficiency, and is suitable for sorting various types of household garbage.

Description

Sorting consumer waste technique and sorting unit thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to one way of life refuse classification technique and sorting unit thereof, belong to refuse classification technical field.
Background technology
The effective sorting of house refuse loading in mixture is the key in garbage as resource technology.Sorting is divided into source sorting and source tail sorting, and individual, family, unit that source sorting refers to produce rubbish divide different rubbish rear receipts of band packaging to be transported to the pooling of resources processing of appointment ground on request, and this is a great system engineering, implements difficulty large.And source tail sorting refers to deliver to appointment ground sorting utilization again by all loading in mixture house refuse, mainly depend on effective enforcement of sorting technology.Main existing technology comprises mechanical type sorting, selection by winnowing, natural subsidence formula wet concentration several types at present both at home and abroad.Mechanical type sorting, selection by winnowing are remaining rotten when becoming thing and the mutual adhesion of other rubbish and mixing for rubbish, the especially kitchen of complicated component, and separating effect is poor.Natural subsidence formula wet concentration is the rubbish proportion different principle of utilizing heterogeneity, will load in mixture rubbish and drop in water, and proportion is less than the material floating of water, and proportion is greater than the sinking of water and carries out sorting.But the shortcoming of natural subsidence formula is, efficiency is low, water consumption is large, water treatment difficulty is large, the remaining rotten thing that becomes in kitchen separates when tight with other rubbish adhesion not thoroughly, and floor space is large, and foul smell is restive.Therefore the shortcoming of above-mentioned three kinds of existing sorting technologies causes still effective recycling of current house refuse.
Summary of the invention
In order to address the above problem, the invention provides one way of life refuse classification technique and sorting unit thereof, can effectively solve house refuse and separate not thorough and inefficient problem.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is: sorting consumer waste technique comprises the following steps:
1) stir and wash: the rubbish after broken bag magnetic separation is entered to pond belt conveyor by rubbish and send into and stir cask washing, Yu Shuizhong once stirs and washes rubbish, it is descending that rubbish is stirred side washing by limit; Various component of refuse are followed to stir to wash to be separated from each other and are sent into stir and wash in layering bucket stirring in cask washing through once stirring rubbish after washing;
2) stir and wash layering: stir and wash layering bucket and carry out secondary and stir and wash, side washing layering is stirred on limit, lightweight thing floating, heavy thing sinks, and suspends or soluble in water with the approaching kitchen excess matter of water proportion;
3) processing of lightweight thing: the lightweight thing of going up successively floatation surface is transported to lightweight thing exit through passage, delivers on lightweight thing belt conveyor through the taper slide of passage side, and be sent to lightweight thing washer and carry out cleaning treatment;
4) processing of heavy thing: be sent the water surface by stirring the heavy thing of washing to sink in layering bucket and deliver on the heavy thing belt conveyor of channel bottom, deliver to appointment after rinsing by high-pressure flushing device and carry out subsequent treatment;
5) proportion is bordering on the processing of the kitchen excess matter of water: reducing mechanism is set in water, and the kitchen excess that sinks to the bottom of the nearly water of contrast reclosing is pulverized, and makes to sink to the bottom kitchen excess and is pulverized and dissolve in or suspend in water.Then will contain the water body of a large amount of kitchens excess matter, be drawn to appointment by the outlet of passage side by control and carry out Separation of Solid and Liquid.
One way of life garbage sorting device, comprises a seal chamber, in described cavity, be provided with and stir cask washing, stir and wash layering bucket, reducing mechanism and high-pressure flushing device, described in stir cask washing and stirring and wash the top of layering bucket and separate by dividing plate, bottom connects mutually; On cavity, be respectively equipped with to stir and wash rod and stir and wash layering rod, this stirs to wash rod and stir and washes layering rod and extend to stir cask washing and stir and wash in layering bucket; Stirring cask washing and stirring washes layering bottom of the barrel and is respectively equipped with and stirs cask washing heavy thing rotation scraping delivery blade and stir and wash layering bucket heavy thing rotation scraping delivery blade; The bung place of stirring cask washing is provided with rubbish and enters pond belt conveyor, stirs a side of washing layering bucket and is connected with passage, has the outlet of lightweight thing on this passage, and bottom has been provided with heavy thing belt conveyor; Outside, described lightweight thing exit is provided with taper slide, and taper slide is connected with lightweight thing belt conveyor, and this lightweight thing belt conveyor is provided with lightweight thing washer; Channel side wall has outlet of sewer near the position of reducing mechanism; Described high-pressure flushing device is located at heavy thing belt conveyor and goes out the top of surface end.
As preferably, described lightweight thing exit is provided with lightweight thing baffle plate.
As preferably, described lightweight thing washer comprises rotating vane, spray head and drainage belt conveyor.
As preferably, described cavity equal intervals has several foul smell and extracts out mouthful.
The invention has the advantages that: rubbish is washed layering bucket and stirred for twice and wash and separate with stirring through stirring cask washing, the each component of rubbish is stirred and is washed separation fully, and by the different layerings rapidly of proportion, light, heavy thing admission passage is interior respectively at the water surface and water-bed collection, simple in structure, easy to use; Gently, heavy rubbish cleans sending before this sorting unit, the gleanings therefore obtaining is totally ordorless; This sorting unit is totally-enclosed to carry out continuously, and has foul smell outlet, and foul smell is extracted out by negative pressure by this foul smell outlet, and carries out after deodorizing is processed discharging, and therefore can, to environmental emission foul smell, not cause environmental pollution.In addition, the design of reducing mechanism, under the inorganic heavy principle condition that does not affect water surface lightweight thing and sink to the bottom, the kitchen excess matter that sinks to the bottom that proportion is bordering on to water is fully pulverized, and makes kitchen excess matter fully separate and it is dissolved in or suspend in water with other waste component; This device is fully automatic operation, and efficiency is high, the good reliability of sorting.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the cutaway view of A-A line of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is left view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of lightweight thing washer in the present invention.
In figure: 1, rubbish enters pond belt conveyor; 2, stir and wash rod; 3, stir cask washing; 4, stir cask washing heavy thing rotation scraping delivery blade; 5, stir and wash layering bucket heavy thing rotation scraping delivery blade; 6, stir and wash layering bucket; 7, stir and wash layering rod; 8, taper slide; 9, lightweight thing belt conveyor; 10, lightweight thing outlet; 11, reducing mechanism; 12, outlet of sewer; 13, heavy thing belt conveyor; 14, lightweight thing baffle plate; 15, dividing plate; 16, high-pressure flushing device; 17, passage; 18, lightweight thing washer; 19, spray head; 20, rotating vane; 21, drainage belt conveyor; 22, foul smell outlet.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the specific embodiments the present invention is described in further detail.
Referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, one way of life refuse classification technique, comprise the following steps: stir and wash: the rubbish after broken bag magnetic separation is entered to pond belt conveyor 1 by rubbish and send into and stir cask washing 3, stirring in cask washing 3 by the rotation of washing rod 2 of stirring with certain angle of inclination blade, rubbish is rotated with water, the each component proportion of rubbish difference, rotary speed is also different, thereby cause mutually stirring rub with the hands separate, stir the blade of washing excellent 2 inclination angle simultaneously, produce downward power, promote whole rubbish limit and stir the descending formation of side washing and once stir and wash separation; Stir cask washing heavy thing rotation scraping delivery blade 4 the rubbish scraping delivery that arrives bottom is washed to layering bucket 6 to stirring.
Stir and wash layering: once stir rubbish after washing and enter to stir and wash layering bucket 6 through stirring cask washing 3 and stirring the bottom connected entrance of washing layering bucket 6.Stirring under the turning effort of washing layering rod 7 with certain angle of inclination blade, rubbish continues to be stirred and wash separation by secondary, stir the blade of washing layering rod 7 inclination angle simultaneously, can produce power upwards, promote rotation limit, lightweight thing limit floating upward quickly and form lightweight thing and heavy thing fast hierarchical to the water surface, suspend with the approaching kitchen excess matter of water proportion or soluble in water, the quick proportion that completes rubbish with this separates layering.
Lightweight thing is collected: the lightweight thing of going up successively floatation surface is transported to lightweight thing through passage 17 and exports 10 places, deliver on lightweight thing belt conveyor 9 through the taper slide 8 of passage 17 sides, and be sent to lightweight thing washer 18 places by spray head 19 and rotating vane 20 by its cleaning, then delivering to appointment by drainage belt conveyor 21 processes, rinse water, from water treating pond, is got back to sorting pool and is supplemented sorting water as part after cleaning.
Heavy thing is collected: stir and wash layering bucket heavy thing rotation scraping delivery blade 5, the whole scraping deliveries of heavy thing that sink to the bottom are sent to the water surface to the heavy thing belt conveyor 13 of passage 17 bottoms, and go out surface end at heavy thing belt conveyor 13 and rinse by high-pressure flushing device 16, after deliver to appointment and carry out subsequent treatment, flushing water, from water treating pond, returns sorting pool after rinsing and supplements sorting water as part.
Proportion is bordering on the collection of the kitchen excess matter of water: will contain the water body of a large amount of kitchens excess, be drawn to assigned address make subsequent treatment by the outlet 17 of passage 17 sides by control, extracted amount and sorting pool amount of makeup water balance, to keep sorting pool water surface elevation constant.
Pulverize: reducing mechanism 11 is with reference to revolving soon the design of blade pulverization principle, Disintegrating knife is arranged on heavy thing belt conveyor 13 tops, position, the local water body that makes blade below is produced additional buoyancy upwards by the rotation of blade, additional buoyancy makes the kitchen excess that proportion is less than inorganic matter be put on and be pulverized by blade from the bottom along ascending current, it is dissolved in or suspends in water to separate with inorganic matter.This Ministry of worker needs design parameter to have to pulverize the geomery of position, blade height, blade and angle, blade material, range of speeds etc.And it pulverizes design principle: can not make to carry and being pulverized on water-bed inorganic matter, the circulating water flow that can not make the lightweight thing of having bubbled through the water column be pulverized formation by part is brought under water, and avoids pulverizing position and disturb mutually with floater assembling position mutual when working.
Deodorizing: will contain the water body of a large amount of kitchens excess, be drawn to assigned address make subsequent treatment by the outlet 17 of passage 17 sides by control, extracted amount and sorting pool amount of makeup water balance, to keep sorting pool water surface elevation constant.
For realizing above-mentioned technique, design sorting unit is as follows:
One way of life garbage sorting device, comprises a seal chamber, in described cavity, be provided with and stir cask washing 3, stir and wash layering bucket 6, reducing mechanism 11 and high-pressure flushing device 16, described in stir cask washing 3 and stir the top of washing layering bucket 6 and separate by dividing plate 15, bottom connects mutually; On cavity, be respectively equipped with to stir and wash rod 2 and stir and wash layering rod 7, this stirs to wash rod 2 and stir and washes layering rod 7 and extend to and stir cask washing 3 and stir and wash in layering bucket 6; Stir cask washing 3 and stir and wash layering bucket 6 bottoms and be respectively equipped with and stir cask washing heavy thing rotation scraping delivery blade 4 and stir and wash layering bucket heavy thing rotation scraping delivery blade 5, the bung place of stirring cask washing 3 is provided with rubbish and enters pond belt conveyor 1, stir and wash layering bucket 6 one sides and be connected with passage 17, on this passage 17, have lightweight thing outlet 10, bottom is provided with heavy thing belt conveyor 13; Described lightweight thing exports 10 places and is provided with taper slide 8, and taper slide 8 is connected with lightweight thing belt conveyor 9, and this lightweight thing belt conveyor 9 is provided with lightweight thing washer 18; Passage 17 sidewalls have more than kitchen hydrosol near the position of reducing mechanism 11 and extract mouthfuls 12 out; Described high-pressure flushing device 16 is located at heavy thing belt conveyor 13 and goes out the top of surface end, described lightweight thing exports 10 outsides and is provided with lightweight thing baffle plate 14, described lightweight thing washer 18 comprises rotating vane 20, spray head 19 and drainage belt conveyor 21, and described cavity equal intervals has several foul smell outlets 22.
The present invention is simple in structure, easy to use, separates thoroughly, and efficiency is high; Rubbish is washed layering bucket 6 and is stirred for twice and wash and separate through stirring cask washing 3 and stirring, and stirs to wash to separate fully, and light, heavy thing is by fast hierarchical, and in admission passage 17 respectively at the water surface and water-bed collection, simple in structure, easy to use; Gently, heavy rubbish cleans and is filtered dry, the gleanings odorless therefore obtaining, relative clean sending before this sorting unit; For the artificial of follow-up necessity created condition near secondary sorting; This sorting unit is totally-enclosedly to carry out continuously, and have foul smell outlet 22, foul smell is extracted out by negative pressure by this foul smell outlet 22, avoid foul smell to overflow by garbage inlet and the outlet of sorting thing, the gas of extracting out is discharge after deodorizing is processed, therefore can be to environmental emission foul smell; The design of reducing mechanism 11, can be bordering on proportion other inorganic separating of heavy that sinks to the bottom kitchen excess and sink to the bottom of water, and fully pulverize and it is dissolved in or suspend in water, and therefore, can obtain high sorting index; The setting of lightweight thing baffle plate 14, can only go out by exporting 10 the lightweight thing of bubbling through the water column, and has prevented transmission and the mutual interference of collection phase light, heavy substance; In addition, this device is fully automatic operation, and efficiency is high, and separation rate is high, good reliability.

Claims (5)

1. one way of life refuse classification technique, is characterized in that: sorting process comprises the following steps:
1) stir and wash: the rubbish after broken bag magnetic separation is entered to pond belt conveyor by rubbish and send into and stir cask washing, Yu Shuizhong once stirs and washes rubbish, it is descending that rubbish is stirred side washing by limit, and various component of refuse are followed to stir to wash and are separated from each other; Send into stir and wash in layering bucket stirring in cask washing through once stirring rubbish after washing;
2) stir and wash layering: stir and wash layering bucket and carry out secondary and stir and wash, side washing layering is stirred on limit, lightweight thing floating, heavy thing sinks, and suspends or soluble in water with the approaching kitchen excess matter of water proportion;
3) collection of lightweight thing: the lightweight thing of going up successively floatation surface is transported to lightweight thing exit through passage, then delivers on lightweight thing belt conveyor through the taper slide of passage side, and be sent to lightweight thing washer and carry out cleaning treatment;
4) collection of heavy thing: be sent the water surface by stirring the heavy thing of washing to sink in layering bucket and deliver on the heavy thing belt conveyor of channel bottom, deliver to appointment after rinsing by high-pressure flushing device and carry out subsequent treatment;
5) pulverize kitchen excess in water: reducing mechanism is set in water, and the kitchen excess that sinks to the bottom of the nearly water of contrast reclosing is pulverized, and makes to sink to the bottom kitchen excess and is pulverized and dissolve in or suspend in water;
6) proportion is bordering on the collection of the kitchen excess matter of water: the water body that contains a large amount of kitchens excess matter, by the outlet of passage side, is controlled and is drawn to assigned address, then carry out Separation of Solid and Liquid.
2. one way of life garbage sorting device, comprise a seal chamber, it is characterized in that: in described cavity, be provided with and stir cask washing, stir and wash layering bucket, reducing mechanism and high-pressure flushing device, described in stir cask washing and stirring and wash the top of layering bucket and separate by dividing plate, bottom connects mutually; On described cavity, be respectively equipped with to stir and wash rod and stir and wash layering rod, this stirs to wash rod and stir and washes layering rod and extend to and stir cask washing and stirring and wash in layering bucket, stirs cask washing and stirs and wash layering bottom of the barrel and be respectively equipped with and stir cask washing heavy thing rotation scraping delivery blade and stir and wash layering bucket heavy thing rotation scraping delivery blade; The bung place of stirring cask washing is provided with rubbish and enters pond belt conveyor, stirs a side of washing layering bucket and is connected with passage, has the outlet of lightweight thing on this passage, and bottom has been provided with heavy thing belt conveyor; Outside, described lightweight thing exit is provided with taper slide, and taper slide is connected with lightweight thing belt conveyor, and this lightweight thing belt conveyor is provided with lightweight thing washer; Channel side wall has outlet of sewer near the position of reducing mechanism; Described high-pressure flushing device is located at heavy thing belt conveyor and goes out the top of surface end.
3. domestic waste sorting device according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described lightweight thing exit is provided with lightweight thing baffle plate.
4. domestic waste sorting device according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described lightweight thing washer comprises rotating vane, spray head and drainage belt conveyor.
5. domestic waste sorting device according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described cavity equal intervals has several foul smell and extracts mouth out.
CN201110341460.7A 2011-11-02 2011-11-02 Household garbage sorting technique and sorting device thereof Expired - Fee Related CN102430469B (en)

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CN103240161A (en) * 2013-04-24 2013-08-14 长春奥瑞投资管理有限公司 Rubbish and water classifying and recycling system
CN104858214B (en) * 2015-05-26 2016-10-12 王楠 One way of life rubbish is classified broken bag method and bag breaking system thereof under water
CN109127111B (en) * 2018-08-24 2020-10-16 极简(嘉兴)园林景观设计有限责任公司 Medicinal aluminum foil waste recovery device
CN110606374A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-12-24 石河子大学 Water flow acceleration vacuum feeding conversion method and device
CN110773555B (en) * 2019-11-14 2021-07-06 赵莉莉 Household garbage sorting system

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