CN102428863A - Subsoil-free rapid propagation and seedling method of tea tree - Google Patents

Subsoil-free rapid propagation and seedling method of tea tree Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102428863A
CN102428863A CN201110286249XA CN201110286249A CN102428863A CN 102428863 A CN102428863 A CN 102428863A CN 201110286249X A CN201110286249X A CN 201110286249XA CN 201110286249 A CN201110286249 A CN 201110286249A CN 102428863 A CN102428863 A CN 102428863A
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
furrow
seedling
tea tree
cuttage
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CN201110286249XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗显扬
张正秋
王惠泽
周富裕
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Guizhou tea research institute
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Guizhou tea research institute
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Priority to CN201110286249XA priority Critical patent/CN102428863A/en
Publication of CN102428863A publication Critical patent/CN102428863A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

A subsoil-free rapid propagation and seedling method of a tea tree is provided, comprising the steps of selecting area with a mean annual temperature of more than 17 degrees centigrade, an altitude of less than 700 m and soil pH of 4.5-6.0; treating strip-surface soil by one of following methods: paving 2.5-3.5 kg of weeds on the strip surface per square meter, burning weeds to sterilize at high temperature, deeply turning the soil in 25-30 cm, leveling the soil for cottage; or spraying 80-100 times of 10% of glyphosate; after 48 hours, spraying 500 times of 70% of mildothane wettable powder, deeply turning the soil in 25-30 cm, spraying 1000 times of 70% of mildothane wettable powder; after 24 hours, leveling the strip surface for cottage; (4), managing cottage and nursery by normal method. The method can protect ecological environment, reduce seedling cost and shorten seedling period, and has simple and easy technology and good effect.

Description

A kind of tea tree does not have cubsoil rapid seedling cultivation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to the planting technology field, it is numerous soon to relate in particular to a kind of clone Grow seedlingsMethod.
 
Background technology
At present the tea tree clone conventional seedbed system cycle generally needs more than the full age, and the area that has needs 18 months, and the cycle is long, and management cost is high, and tea shoot goes out the garden in the 11~December in every year, meet behind the seedling planting avenge congeal or during natural calamity such as arid survival rate low.The main single node cutting that adopts of existing tea tree pierre technology; Adopt 3~5cm thick new soil in shop when growing seedlings on seedling furrow face; Need to seek suitable Xin Tuyuan; Unfavorable factor mainly contains: vegetation destruction when fetching earth, consume ecosystem soil, cause water and soil loss; needs transportation; The consumption worker is consuming time, and input cost is high.
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Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned shortcoming and provide a kind ofly can preserve the ecological environment, reduce seedling cost, shorten growing-seedling period, technology is simple and easy to do, effective tea tree does not have cubsoil rapid seedling cultivation method.
A kind of tea tree of the present invention does not have cubsoil rapid seedling cultivation method, may further comprise the steps:
(1) environmental condition: select average temperature of the whole year area more than 17 ℃, below the 700m above sea level;
(2) P in soil H value is 4.5~6.0;
(3) furrow face soil treatment adopts one of following mode:
Every square metre of 2.5~3kg shop of furrow face weeds, the combustion high temperature sterilization, soil is ploughed deeply 25~30cm, and is smooth to treat cuttage;
Or seedling furrow soil sprays 80~100 times of liquid of 10% glyphosate, after 48 hours ,Spray 500 times of liquid of 70% thiophanate methyl wetting powder, soil is ploughed deeply 25~30cm, 1000 times of liquid of face 70% thiophanate methyl wetting powder, and smooth furrow face is to treat cuttage after 24 hours;
(4) cuttage, nursery bed management: adopt conventional method.
Above-mentioned a kind of tea tree does not have cubsoil rapid seedling cultivation method, and wherein: soil is selected sandy loam, and more than the thick 60cm of soil layer, soil organic matter content is more than 1.5% in 0~15cm soil layer.
Above-mentioned a kind of tea tree does not have cubsoil rapid seedling cultivation method, and wherein: cultivate for the first time just the nursery lot 30cm that should comprehensively deep plough, the degree of depth 30cm that when doing the seedling furrow, reclaims for the second time accomplishes that soil block is broken, no tree root, grass roots, ratchel and other thick foreign material; Seedling furrow specification: between the long 15~25m of furrow, the wide 120cm of furrow, the high 8~10cm of furrow, furrow width 0.3~0.35m between furrow.
Invention compared with prior art has tangible beneficial effect, can know from above technical scheme: shop weeds combustion high temperature sterilization of furrow face or spray pharmacy, the effect of the new soil in alternative furrow face shop.Selecting low latitudes, low height above sea level, the weather heat is abundant, day and night temperature is big microclimate (as: intermountain basin or area, low-heat river valley) and P in soil H value is that 4.5~6.0 environmental condition is grown seedlings; Require location, nursery average temperature of the whole year more than 17 ℃, below the 700m above sea level; The furrow face shop heart; Seedling raise period shortens: seedling age reached GB 11767 secondary tea shoot standards in the time of 5.5 months; Seedling age reached GB 11767 one-level tea shoot standards in the time of 6.5 months, and planting percent is 72%~81%, and the tea shoot height is 33.1~39.5cm, the thick 2.44~2.77mm of stem; Below 16 ℃, the local seedling raise period of 800m above sea level~1200m has shortened 50% than average temperature of the whole year; With the conventional seedbed system contrast, seedling raise period shortens 7~8 months.Ability cost-saving synergistic and protection environment: input cost is low, and every mu is reduced 800~1500 yuan of the new native expenses in shop, 300~500 yuan of 6~8 months nursery bed management expenses of every mu of minimizing, and the seedling furrow are not spread new soil, have played the effect of preserving the ecological environment, its effect highly significant.This technology is simple and easy to do, and cost is low, and is effective.
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Embodiment
Below combine beneficial effect of the present invention to be described further through embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
A kind of tea tree does not have cubsoil rapid seedling cultivation method, may further comprise the steps:
(1) environmental condition: selection average temperature of the whole year intermountain basin more than 19 ℃, elevation is about 600m
(2) select sandy loam, more than the thick 60cm of soil layer, soil pH value between 4.5~6.0, no lime reaction, soil structure is good and fertility is better-than-average, the interior soil organic matter content of 0~15cm soil layer is more than 1.5%;
(3) furrow face soil treatment: seedling furrow soil sprays 80~100 times of liquid of 10% glyphosate, after 48 hours ,Spray 500 times of liquid of 70% thiophanate methyl wetting powder, soil is ploughed deeply 25~30cm, 1000 times of liquid of face 70% thiophanate methyl wetting powder, and smooth furrow face is to treat cuttage after 24 hours.
(4) cuttage, nursery bed management: preferably living then tea tree fringe row culture cuttage material.As: the Fuding white tea of suitable local plantation, the national breeding of Guizhou Province river bank series, local breeding, requiring female fringe garden varietal purity is 100%.
Cuttage: 1) be chosen in cuttage October to mid-December; 2) stay a slice leaf during beta pruning, long 3~4cm, the fringe bar reaches 2.7~3.3cm, and clip is 45 ° of inclinations up and down, and is suitable for reading from bastem 0.2~0.3cm, do not hinder bud when cutting; 3) the seedling furrow line-spacing 8~13cm of cuttage fringe bar, back row blade tip is bordering on the fringe bar that moves ahead, and spacing in the rows 2~3mm, blade do not hide folded mutually.4) before the cuttage 3~4 hours, on the seedling plot of land, sprinkle water earlier, to treat to ooze under the moisture, soil is cuttage under the soft state of " wet and sticking ".
Nursery bed management: be incubated, preserve moisture with plastic film, shade with shading screen; Water in good time, weeding and prevention and elimination of disease and pests, prevent that people and animals from trampleing on; Tea shoot the 2nd is taken turns after the overwhelming majority grows into 1 bud, 2 leaves, selects the cloudy day to throw off shading screen; Tea shoot topdresses 4~6 times vegetative period, be respectively tea shoot growth regulation 1 take turns get into dormancy after.Whenever impose urea 1 time, execute urea 67.5kg/hm at every turn at a distance from 10~15d 2Evenly spread fertilizer over the fields in the nursery, trickle dissolves fertilizer repeatedly.
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Embodiment 2:
A kind of tea tree does not have cubsoil rapid seedling cultivation method, may further comprise the steps:
(1) selects the intermountain basin of 18 ℃ of average temperatures of the whole year, below the 800m above sea level.
(2) select sandy loam, more than the thick 60cm of soil layer, soil pH value between 4.5~6.0, no lime reaction, fertility is better-than-average, the interior soil organic matter content of 0~15cm soil layer is more than 1.5%.
(3) furrow face soil treatment: just cultivate comprehensive deep ploughing 30cm for the first time; When doing the seedling furrow, reclaim for the second time, the about 30cm of the degree of depth accomplishes that soil block is broken, no tree root, grass roots, ratchel and other thick foreign material.Seedling furrow specification: between the long 15~25m of furrow, the wide 120cm of furrow, the high 8~10cm of furrow, furrow width 0.3~0.35m between furrow.
The weeds combustion high temperature sterilization of furrow face shop: every square metre of 2.5~3kg weeds, treat the weeds burning after, smooth furrow face is to treat cuttage.
(4) cuttage, nursery bed management: preferably living then tea tree fringe row culture cuttage material.
Cuttage technique: 1) be chosen in cuttage October to mid-December; 2) leaf or fish leaf are stayed in beta pruning; 3) insert head progeny row apart from 8~13cm, spacing in the rows 2~3mm.4) be cuttage under the soft state of " wet and sticking " at soil.
Nursery bed management: be incubated, preserve moisture with plastic film, add a cover shading screen; Water in good time, weeding and prevention and elimination of disease and pests, prevent that people and animals from trampleing on; Select May throw off shading screen at cloudy day; Tea shoot topdresses 4~6 times vegetative period, whenever imposes urea 1 time at a distance from 10~15d, executes urea 67.5kg/hm at every turn 2Evenly spread fertilizer over the fields in the nursery, trickle dissolves fertilizer.
?
Embodiment 3:
A kind of tea tree does not have cubsoil rapid seedling cultivation method, may further comprise the steps:
(1) the intermountain basin microclimate in selection average temperature of the whole year Guizhou Province north more than 17 ℃, elevation is below the 700m.
(2) select sandy loam, more than the thick 60cm of soil layer, soil pH value is 4.5~6.0, and soil organic matter content is more than 1.5% in 0~15cm soil layer.
(3) furrow face soil treatment: just cultivate comprehensive deep ploughing 30cm for the first time; When doing the seedling furrow, reclaim for the second time, the about 30cm of the degree of depth accomplishes that soil block is broken, no tree root, grass roots, ratchel and other thick foreign material.Seedling furrow specification: between the long 15~25m of furrow, the wide 120cm of furrow, the high 8~10cm of furrow, furrow width 0.3m between furrow.Seedling furrow soil sprays 80~100 times of liquid of 10% glyphosate, after 48 hours ,Spray 500 times of liquid of 70% thiophanate methyl wetting powder, soil is ploughed deeply 25~30cm, 1000 times of liquid of face 70% thiophanate methyl wetting powder, and smooth furrow face is to treat cuttage after 24 hours.
(4) cuttage, nursery bed management: emit fluffy branch to make fringe bar, varietal purity 100% with tea tree.
Cuttage technique: 1) in cuttage October to mid-November; 2) leaf is stayed in beta pruning, and the long 3~4cm of a bud one leaf is suitable for reading from bastem 0.2~0.3cm; 3) insert fringe seedling furrow line-spacing 8~13cm, spacing in the rows 2~3mm, blade do not hide folded mutually.4) before the cuttage 3~4 hours, on the seedling plot of land, sprinkle water earlier, to treat to ooze under the moisture, soil is cuttage under the soft state of " wet and sticking ".
Nursery bed management: adopt the plastic film insulation, preserve moisture, add a cover shading screen and shade; Water in good time, weeding and prevention and elimination of disease and pests, prevent that people and animals from trampleing on; Tea shoot topdresses 4~6 times vegetative period, be respectively tea shoot growth regulation 1 take turns get into dormancy after.Whenever impose urea 1 time, execute urea 67.5kg/hm at every turn at a distance from 10~15d 2Evenly spread fertilizer over the fields in the nursery, trickle dissolves fertilizer then.
The above; It only is preferred embodiment of the present invention; Be not that the present invention is done any pro forma restriction; Anyly do not break away from technical scheme content of the present invention, to any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that above embodiment did, all still belong in the scope of technical scheme of the present invention according to technical spirit of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a tea tree does not have cubsoil rapid seedling cultivation method, may further comprise the steps:
(1) environmental condition: select average temperature of the whole year area more than 17 ℃, below the 700m above sea level;
(2) P in soil H value is 4.5~6.0;
(3) furrow face soil treatment adopts one of following mode:
Every square metre of 2.5~3kg shop of furrow face weeds, the combustion high temperature sterilization, soil is ploughed deeply 25~30cm, and is smooth to treat cuttage;
Or seedling furrow soil sprays 80~100 times of liquid of 10% glyphosate, after 48 hours ,Spray 500 times of liquid of 70% thiophanate methyl wetting powder, soil is ploughed deeply 25~30cm, 1000 times of liquid of face 70% thiophanate methyl wetting powder, and smooth furrow face is to treat cuttage after 24 hours;
(4) cuttage, nursery bed management: adopt conventional method.
2. a kind of tea tree as claimed in claim 1 does not have cubsoil rapid seedling cultivation method, and wherein: soil is selected sandy loam, and more than the thick 60cm of soil layer, soil organic matter content is more than 1.5% in 0~15cm soil layer.
3. according to claim 1 or claim 2 a kind of tea tree does not have cubsoil rapid seedling cultivation method; Wherein: cultivate for the first time just the nursery lot 30cm that should comprehensively deep plough; The degree of depth 30cm that when doing the seedling furrow, reclaims for the second time accomplishes that soil block is broken, no tree root, grass roots, ratchel and other thick foreign material; Seedling furrow specification: between the long 15~25m of furrow, the wide 120cm of furrow, the high 8~10cm of furrow, furrow width 0.3~0.35m between furrow.
CN201110286249XA 2011-09-25 2011-09-25 Subsoil-free rapid propagation and seedling method of tea tree Pending CN102428863A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103416285A (en) * 2012-05-24 2013-12-04 房婉萍 Method for increasing healing rate of clonal tea tree shoots for cutting
CN103718810A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-16 贵州省茶叶研究所 Strigose hydrangea leaf asexual reproduction method
CN104429434A (en) * 2013-11-25 2015-03-25 鹿寨县大乐岭茶业有限公司 Method for culturing tea seedlings
CN105638210A (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-06-08 郎溪县姚村乡盛茂贵茶叶种植家庭农场 Method for conducting cuttage seedling culture on tea in summer
CN106376311A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-08 宁波黄金韵茶业科技有限公司 Subsoil-free camellia sinensis short cutting cuttage seedling growing method
CN106472202A (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-03-08 宁波黄金韵茶业科技有限公司 A kind of adopt, using three-dimensional tea place spring tea, the method that rear branch top carries out single-node cutting seed-raising

Non-Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
张正秋等: "茶树高效快繁育苗新技术", 《农技服务》 *
张正秋等: "贵州罗甸茶树高效快繁育苗技术研究", 《天津农业科学》 *
章秀杰: "茶树病虫综合防治技术", 《蚕桑茶叶通讯》 *
聂宗顺: "高海拔地区茶树短穗扦插育苗技术关键", 《耕作与栽培》 *
陈勋等: "鄂茶1号茶树无性繁殖技术", 《中国茶叶》 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103416285A (en) * 2012-05-24 2013-12-04 房婉萍 Method for increasing healing rate of clonal tea tree shoots for cutting
CN104429434A (en) * 2013-11-25 2015-03-25 鹿寨县大乐岭茶业有限公司 Method for culturing tea seedlings
CN103718810A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-04-16 贵州省茶叶研究所 Strigose hydrangea leaf asexual reproduction method
CN106472202A (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-03-08 宁波黄金韵茶业科技有限公司 A kind of adopt, using three-dimensional tea place spring tea, the method that rear branch top carries out single-node cutting seed-raising
CN105638210A (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-06-08 郎溪县姚村乡盛茂贵茶叶种植家庭农场 Method for conducting cuttage seedling culture on tea in summer
CN106376311A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-08 宁波黄金韵茶业科技有限公司 Subsoil-free camellia sinensis short cutting cuttage seedling growing method

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