CN102422800B - Tree-digging machine with soil balls - Google Patents

Tree-digging machine with soil balls Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102422800B
CN102422800B CN 201110315135 CN201110315135A CN102422800B CN 102422800 B CN102422800 B CN 102422800B CN 201110315135 CN201110315135 CN 201110315135 CN 201110315135 A CN201110315135 A CN 201110315135A CN 102422800 B CN102422800 B CN 102422800B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vibration
shaped saw
frame
fixed
native ball
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201110315135
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102422800A (en
Inventor
张波
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Xuchang Longgang Power Generation Co Ltd
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张波
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Publication date
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Priority to CN 201110315135 priority Critical patent/CN102422800B/en
Publication of CN102422800A publication Critical patent/CN102422800A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102422800B publication Critical patent/CN102422800B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention relates to a garden tree planting tool and in particular relates to a tree-digging machine with soil balls with soil balls used in seedling transplantation. The machine comprises a rack, a power machine arranged at the upper side of the middle part of the rack and a wheel arranged at the lower side of the middle part of the rack, wherein the main shaft of the power machine is provided with a drive chain wheel; the back of the rack bends upwardly to form a handrail; the lower end of the handrail is provided with a rotary footstep; and the front part of the rack is provided with avibration box, a power shaft, a U-shaped saw trough, a U-shaped saw, a driven chain wheel, a drive gear, a driving gear, a restoring spring and a rotary bracing wire, wherein the driven chain wheel is connected with the drive chain wheel through a chain, the drive gear and the driving gear are meshed, one end of the restoring spring is fixed on the drive gear and the other end of the restoring spring is fixed on the rack, one end of the rotary bracing wire is fixed on the drive gear and the other end of the rotary bracing wire is connected with the rotary footstep. The machine has simple equipment structure and is convenient for operation, so that the mechanization and automation of seedling transplantation with soil balls in a nursery garden can be achieved, and simultaneously, the advantages that the machine for transplanting seedling, digging hole and planting trees and greatly improving labor efficiency and seedling survival rate can be met.

Description

Be with native ball tree mover
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of gardens planting tool, the band soil ball tree mover of using when particularly relating to a kind of nursery stock transplanting.
Background technology
In urban construction and subdistrict greening, need to implant in a large number trees, the gardens, nursery need nursery stock band ball transplanting for the guarantee plant percent when selling small-sized nursery stock, Chang Yong mode has in the market: the one, adopt big-and-middle-sized tree mover tool, but the equipment price of this mode and operating cost are higher, be not easy to popularize and use, especially at the dense local operational difficulty of forest; The 2nd, adopt the electric saw cutting of being completely cured, but this operating type effort, time-consuming, cutting process is not easy to control the very big potential safety hazard of existence, and the native ball that cuts out is not of uniform size, and very irregularity has brought inconvenience to transplanting; The 3rd, adopt hand digging, but the human resources anxiety goes up in society now, and hand digging efficient is low, the native ball of nursery stock root is very lack of standardization, and be scattered easily, especially when needing in the short time to excavate a large amount of nursery stocks, the nursery stock of digging out is easy to not adhere to native ball because of the appearance root of workman's general idea, cause the nursery stock mortality, have a strong impact on the survival rate of transplanted plantlet.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to solve the deficiencies in the prior art and provide a kind of device structure simple, easy and simple to handle, make gardens, nursery band soil ball transplanted plantlet realize mechanization and automation, the band soil ball tree mover that satisfies transplanted plantlet simultaneously and dig pit and plant trees.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind ofly be with native ball tree mover, comprise frame, be arranged on the engine and the wheel that is arranged on the central rack downside of central rack upside, it is characterized in that, the rear portion of frame is bent upwards the camber handrail, the lower end of handrail is provided with the rotation pedal, the both sides that the front portion of frame is bent downwardly curved and top respectively are movably set with a vibration box, two vibration boxs share a line shaft, this line shaft passes the interior top of bearing insertion vibration box that is arranged on the vibration box inboard disk is installed, disk is provided with the fixed axis of an off-centre, this fixed axis by small rod be installed in vibration box on the same axis vibration rod in two through holes be connected, about the two ends of U-shaped saw draw-in groove are separately fixed on two vibration rods, U-shaped saw is installed in U-shaped saw draw-in groove, the front end of described engine main shaft is provided with drive sprocket, be set with the driven sprocket that matches with drive sprocket at the line shaft that exposes between two vibration boxs, this driven sprocket links to each other with drive sprocket by chain, arranged outside at vibration box has driven gear, and driven gear and driven sprocket are on same axis, the outside at vibration box also is provided with the driving gear that is meshed with driven gear, the top edge of this driving gear is equipped with back-moving spring, lower limb is equipped with the rotation backguy, the other end of back-moving spring is fixed on the fixed mount that is arranged on frame front top one side, and the other end of rotation backguy links to each other with the rotation pedal by the retainer ring that is arranged on the frame.
Described engine is one of diesel engine, gasoline engine, electromotor.
About described U-shaped saw draw-in groove two ends are bolted to by fixed card slot on two vibration rods.
The anglec of rotation of described vibration box and U-shaped saw is greater than 180 0
Change U-shaped saw and the U-shaped saw draw-in groove of different size according to cutting out native ball size.
Be provided with cutting support straight down on the top of frame front.
Between two vibration boxs, the place ahead of driven sprocket is provided with arc and digs the tree detent.
The present invention has following positive effect:
1) design science of the present invention is reasonable, and device structure is simple, and volume is small and exquisite, and is easy and simple to handle, only needs a people to fulfil assignment, and especially dense nursery stock, the less zone of working space can realize being with native ball to dig nursery stock very easily;
2) the present invention can change U-shaped saw and the U-shaped saw draw-in groove of different model according to the size of the nursery stock that will excavate, and then changes nursery stock with the size of native ball, has ensured the integrality of seedling root and the integrality of native ball, improves the survival rate of transfer nursery stock;
3) the present invention can be fast, digging nursery stock timely, make nursery stock keep fresh, improved survival rate;
4) use the nursery stock soil ball shape of digging of the present invention and big or small consistent being convenient to pack and transport, save the cost of packing box transportation;
5) the present invention has significantly improved efficiency, has saved a large amount of costs that get manpower and dig nursery stock.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of vibration cutting part of the present invention;
Among the figure: 1, handrail 2, vehicle frame 3, drive sprocket 4, engine 5, U-shaped saw 6, U-shaped saw draw-in groove 7, vibration rod 8, vibration box 9, fixed card slot bolt 10, chain 11, driven sprocket 12, dig tree detent 13, cutting support 14, back-moving spring 15, driven gear 16, driving gear 17, rotation backguy 18, wheel 19, rotation pedal 20, line shaft 21, disk 22, small rod 23, fixed axis.
Embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, band soil ball tree mover of the present invention, comprise frame 2, be arranged on the electromotor 4 and the wheel 18 that is arranged on frame 2 middle part downsides of frame 2 middle part upsides, the rear portion of frame 2 is bent upwards camber handrail 1, the lower end of handrail 1 is provided with rotation pedal 19, the both sides that the front portion of frame 2 is bent downwardly curved and top respectively are movably set with a vibration box 8, two vibration boxs 8 share a line shaft 20, this line shaft 20 passes the bearing insertion vibration box 8 interior tops that are arranged on vibration box 8 inboards disk 21 is installed, disk 21 is provided with the fixed axis 23 of an off-centre, this fixed axis 23 by small rod 22 be installed in vibration box 8 on the same axis vibration rod 7 in two through holes be connected, about the two ends of U-shaped saw draw-in groove 6 are separately fixed on two vibration rods 7, U-shaped saw 5 is installed in U-shaped saw draw-in groove 6, front end at electromotor 4 main shafts is provided with drive sprocket 3, between two vibration boxs 8, the place ahead of driven sprocket 11 is provided with arc and digs tree detent 12, be set with the driven sprocket 11 that matches with drive sprocket 3 at the line shaft 20 that exposes between two vibration boxs 8, this driven sprocket 11 links to each other with drive sprocket 3 by chain 10, the rotation of drive sprocket 3 drives driven sprocket 11 by chain 10 and rotates, driven sprocket 11 drives line shaft 20 and rotates, the disk 21 that is arranged on line shaft 20 tops rotates, the rotational motion of disk 21 moves back and forth by the high speed that small rod 22 changes into vibration rod 7, the high speed of vibration rod 7 moves back and forth the high speed vibration that drives the U-shaped saw draw-in groove 6 that is fixed on the vibration rod 7 and be arranged on U-shaped saw 5 in the U-shaped saw draw-in groove 6, and then realizes the dissection of U-shaped saw 5;
Arranged outside at vibration box 8 has driven gear 15, and driven gear 15 and driven sprocket 11 are on same axis, also be provided with the driving gear 16 that is meshed with driven gear 15 in the outside of vibration box 8, the top edge of this driving gear 16 is equipped with back-moving spring 14, lower limb is equipped with rotation backguy 17, the other end of back-moving spring 14 is fixed on the fixed mount that is arranged on frame front top one side, the other end of rotation backguy 17 links to each other with rotation pedal 19 by the retainer ring that is arranged on the frame, depress rotation pedal 19, drive driving gear 16 rotations by rotation backguy 17, back-moving spring 14 stretches, the rotation of driving gear 16 drives driven gear 15 rotations that are engaged with, the rotation of driven gear 15 then drives vibration box 8 and 5 rotations of U-shaped saw, and the angle of rotation is greater than 180 0Along with the whirling vibration box of driven gear 15 and U-shaped saw 5 track rotation according to the rules as in the soil, U-shaped saw 5 sawing soil and the tree roots of vibration at high speed, the native ball of formation standard, unclamp rotation pedal 19, back-moving spring 14 shrinks, and drives driving gear 16 revolutions, realizes resetting of vibration box 8 and U-shaped saw 5.
For safety work, also can protective cover be set in middle part and the front portion of frame 2, entire mechanism is placed in the protective cover.
Concrete using method:
1. promote this by handrail and be with native ball tree mover, make be arranged between two vibration boxs, the arc in the place ahead of driven sprocket digs the tree detent and fully contacts with the trunk of nursery stock; 2. start power and make U-shaped saw vibration at high speed; 3. when soil is too dry, can spray a certain amount of water earlier, make soil fully moistening after, the rotation pedal that tramps with one's feet makes vibration at high speed get U-shaped saw along the rotational trajectory sawing of burying, until forming complete native ball; 4. the nursery stock of the good native ball of sawing is moved away U-shaped saw and pack; 5, unclamp the rotation pedal, U-shaped saw resets to treat next operation under the effect of back-moving spring.

Claims (7)

1. be with native ball tree mover for one kind, comprise frame (2), be arranged on the engine (4) of frame (2) middle part upside and be arranged on the wheel (18) of downside in the middle part of the frame (2), it is characterized in that, the rear portion of frame (2) is bent upwards camber handrail (1), the lower end of handrail (1) is provided with rotation pedal (19), the both sides that the front portion of frame (2) is bent downwardly curved and top respectively are movably set with a vibration box (8), two vibration boxs (8) share a line shaft (20), the two ends of this line shaft (20) are passed in the bearing insertion vibration box (8) that is arranged on vibration box (8) inboard and its two ends all are equipped with disk (21), disk (21) is provided with the fixed axis (23) of an off-centre, this fixed axis (23) by small rod (22) be installed in the vibration rod (7) that vibration box (8) goes up on the same axis in two through holes and be connected, about the two ends of U-shaped saw draw-in groove (6) are separately fixed on two vibration rods (7), U-shaped saw (5) is installed in U-shaped saw draw-in groove (6), the front end of described engine (4) main shaft is provided with drive sprocket (3), be set with the driven sprocket (11) that matches with drive sprocket (3) at the line shaft (20) that exposes between two vibration boxs (8), this driven sprocket (11) links to each other with drive sprocket (3) by chain (10), arranged outside at vibration box (8) has driven gear (15), and driven gear (15) and driven sprocket (11) are on same axis, also be provided with the driving gear (16) that is meshed with driven gear (15) in the outside of vibration box (8), the top edge of this driving gear (16) is equipped with back-moving spring (14), lower limb is equipped with rotation backguy (17), the other end of back-moving spring (14) is fixed on the fixed mount that is arranged on frame front top one side, and the other end of rotation backguy (17) links to each other with rotation pedal (19) by the retainer ring that is arranged on the frame.
2. the native ball tree mover of band according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described engine (4) is one of diesel engine, gasoline engine, electromotor.
3. the native ball tree mover of band according to claim 1 is characterized in that, about described U-shaped saw draw-in groove (6) two ends are fixed on by fixed card slot bolt (9) on two vibration rods (7).
4. the native ball tree mover of band according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the anglec of rotation of described vibration box (8) and U-shaped saw (5) is greater than 180 °.
5. the native ball tree mover of band according to claim 1 is characterized in that, changes U-shaped saw (5) and the U-shaped saw draw-in groove (6) of different size according to cutting out native ball size.
6. the native ball tree mover of band according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with cutting support (13) straight down on the anterior top of frame (2).
7. the native ball tree mover of band according to claim 1 is characterized in that, between two vibration boxs (8), the place ahead of driven sprocket (11) is provided with arc and digs tree detent (12).
CN 201110315135 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Tree-digging machine with soil balls Expired - Fee Related CN102422800B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110315135 CN102422800B (en) 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Tree-digging machine with soil balls

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110315135 CN102422800B (en) 2011-10-18 2011-10-18 Tree-digging machine with soil balls

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102422800A CN102422800A (en) 2012-04-25
CN102422800B true CN102422800B (en) 2013-09-04

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102919097B (en) * 2012-10-15 2014-09-17 江苏省丰垒果蔬特种机械研制有限公司 Multifunctional tree mover without balance weight
CN107347287B (en) * 2017-06-06 2019-10-08 辽宁生态工程职业学院 A kind of soil stabilizing apparatus and method of potting xylophyta
CN107372023A (en) * 2017-09-06 2017-11-24 安徽三普智能重工有限公司 A kind of adjustable digging tree device
CN107517820A (en) * 2017-09-30 2017-12-29 王晓亮 A kind of quick tree transplantation device and method of digging pit
CN111642356B (en) * 2020-06-24 2022-06-07 湖北瑞晟农业科技有限责任公司 Transplanting device for red maple saplings

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0010541B1 (en) * 1978-02-01 1983-05-11 NEWMAN, Christopher, John Excavation and transplanting of plants with a ball of soil
CN201365435Y (en) * 2009-02-12 2009-12-23 许华美 Wheel type hole borer
CN201444793U (en) * 2009-08-12 2010-05-05 章红强 Portable gardening nursery stock excavator
CN201690855U (en) * 2010-04-30 2011-01-05 杨成林 Arc saw type tree mover
CN202262298U (en) * 2011-10-18 2012-06-06 张波 Tree mover enabling soil balls to be carried

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Publication number Publication date
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Owner name: XUCHANG LONGGANG POWER GENERATION CO., LTD.

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TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20131220

Address after: 461670, Xuchang, Yuzhou, Xuchang province Henan Longgang Power Generation Co., Ltd. South Ring Road

Patentee after: XUCHANG LONGGANG POWER GENERATION CO., LTD.

Address before: 450007 No. 118 Funiu Road, Zhengzhou, Henan

Patentee before: Zhang Bo

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130904

Termination date: 20161018

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee