CN102416699B - Automatization for thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers transmits and the system and method for lamination - Google Patents

Automatization for thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers transmits and the system and method for lamination Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102416699B
CN102416699B CN201110291648.5A CN201110291648A CN102416699B CN 102416699 B CN102416699 B CN 102416699B CN 201110291648 A CN201110291648 A CN 201110291648A CN 102416699 B CN102416699 B CN 102416699B
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China
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described
resin
automatization
system
source
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CN201110291648.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102416699A (en
Inventor
S·G·范纽温霍夫
M·奥斯托吉克
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通用电气公司
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Priority to US12/889,745 priority Critical patent/US8282758B2/en
Priority to US12/889745 priority
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Publication of CN102416699A publication Critical patent/CN102416699A/en
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Publication of CN102416699B publication Critical patent/CN102416699B/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to transmit and the system and method for lamination for the automatization of thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers, in particular to a kind of combination to the transmission of the resin of one or more fibre bundle, apply and impregnate and one or more fibre bundle being through impregnation with of lamination is to form automatization's array direct communication system of composite construction.This system includes being configured to make pitch deposition on one or more fibre bundle and forms automatization's resin transmission, deposition and the dipping systems of the fibre bundle being through impregnation with.This system integration automatization's stack system, this automatization's stack system includes guide roller that compression roll couples and the help roll that the fibre bundle being configured to make one or more be through impregnation with adheres on substrate with telescoping cylinder.This system also includes being configured to the controller of the control of the tension force of control system parameter, one or more fibre bundle being through impregnation with included in automatization's stack system.Additionally provide this automatization's array and manufacture the other side of system.

Description

Automatization for thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers transmits and the system and method for lamination

Technical field

Present disclosure relates generally to the dipping of thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers and the system of lamination, And more particularly relate to controlled dipping, transmission and the lamination of one or more fibre bundle Automated system.

Background technology

Thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers composite portions ground is due to their low weight and high-strength characteristic And it is increasingly being used for various different industries, such as automobile, aircraft and wind energy.Formed multiple Miscellaneous composite component and/or fiber pattern would is that desired, wherein will dipping and lamination process collection Become in straight-through (feed-through) system of automatization (in-line) in upright arrangement.Current manufacture process typical case Ground includes using the fiber preform carrying out resin dipping subsequently, or is called " preimpregnation material " Pre-impregnated fiber bundle, and use these fiber preforms being through impregnation with or pre-impregnated fibre The single stack system of dimension bundle and operation.

Currently, efforts be made so that the leaching of one or more fibre bundle is provided by the system including roller Stain, wherein resin flows through the hole in roller from aperture to outer surface.Although these systems are applicable to perhaps Many situations, but they are impermissible for being controlled the dipping of individually bundle.In order to provide individually The control of dipping of bundle, be also actively working to use the resin including flowing through separately controllable nozzle System the dipping of fibre bundle array is provided.Though dipping process, dipping process with After, one or more fibre bundle faces on one or more single parts lamination instrument Carry out lamination.This process is time-consuming and expensive, because utilizing single system to complete composite part The manufacture of part.

It is therefore desirable to provide the automated system of a kind of improvement, it utilizes the linear system of automatization The lamination of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers is combined with dipping process, this linear system By the transmission of one or more fibre bundle, deposit and tie mutually with follow-up lamination procedure with impregnating Close, to complete the manufacture of composite component.Additionally, it is desirable that this automated system will be used for one or The dipping in real time in upright arrangement of more dry fibers bundles and the composite component for forming complexity through leaching The lamination of the fibre bundle of stain combines.

Summary of the invention

In brief, the one side of present disclosure is that a kind of automatization array manufactures system, This system for being coated to one or more fibre bundle, impregnating this with resin by resin Or more fibre bundle is to form one or more fibre bundle being through impregnation with and lamination subsequently This one or more fibre bundle of being through impregnation with to form composite component, one of them or more Each in fibre bundle moves with corresponding fiber speed.This automatization's array manufactures system Including automatization's resin transmission, deposition and dipping systems, automatization's stack system and be configured to control Make the controller of this automatization's stack system.This automatization's resin transmission, deposition and dipping systems It is configured to define one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle.This automatization's stack system is with automatic Change resin transmission, deposition and dipping systems array structure, to receive the leaching of one or more resin Leading directly to of stain fibre bundle.This automatization's stack system includes being connected to telescoping cylinder (extending Cylinder) at least one guide roller, be arranged on this guide roller downstream being configured to make one or The more fibre bundles being through impregnation with adhere at least one compression roll on the surface of substrate, setting At at least one help roll in this compression roll downstream and in order to the surface orientation relative to substrate The location of guide roller, compression roll and help roll and control system.This controller is configured to control certainly One or more resin dipping fibre in dynamicization stack system, and auto-control stack system The tension force of dimension bundle.

Further aspect is that of present disclosure a kind of uses automatization's array to manufacture system manufacture The method of composite component.The method of this manufacture composite component includes: resin is impregnated into one or In more fibre bundles, to form the source (supply) of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle; It is sent to be configured to receive one or more by the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Automatization's array stack system in the source of individual resin-impregnated fiber bundle;By one or more resin The source location of dipping fibre bundle is in automatization's stack system and the surface of compression roll and substrate Surface between, thus limit through path;By one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle First is laminated on the surface of substrate, and wherein compression roll provides in order to make one or more set Fat dipping fibre bundle adheres to the power on the surface of substrate;At least one help roll is positioned at viscous The end of the first of attached one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle on a surface of the substrate Nearside;At least one compression roll is made to retract from one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle;Make cylinder Stretch out with mobile guide roller and produce slow in the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Momentum;Cut one or more tree between at least one compression roll and at least one help roll The source of fat dipping fiber;Automatization's array stack system is made to rotate to be located around vertical axis For the lamination in follow-up road in the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers, and make simultaneously to A few help roll is retracted into storage position;At least one compression roll is navigated to one or more On the source of individual thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers, so that the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers is adhered to In the past adhere to one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers road on and form additional road;Move certainly Dynamicization stack system is until the buffering capacity quilt in the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Absorb and the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle starts to adhere to adhere in the past On road, one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers wherein provided by the adhesion section in additional road Tension force on source is more than the low-tension provided by buffering capacity;And repeat step above to limit The road of multiple restriction composite components.This automatization's stack system includes being connected to telescoping cylinder at least One guide roller, it is arranged at least one compression roll in this guide roller downstream and is arranged on this pressure At least one help roll in real roller downstream, at least one compression roll and at least one help roll construct Become make one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle adhere on the surface of substrate, and in order to around Vertical axis and relative to substrate surface orientation guide roller, compression roll and help roll location and Control system.

Further aspect is that of present disclosure a kind of uses automatization's array to manufacture system system The method making composite component.The method of this manufacture composite component includes: resin is impregnated into one Or in more fibre bundle, to form the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle;By one Individual or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle source is sent to be configured to receive one or more tree Automatization's array stack system in the source of fat dipping fibre bundle;One or more resin is impregnated The source location of fibre bundle is in automatization's stack system and the table of surface and substrate of compression roll Between face, thus limit through path;With the first tension force by one or more resin dipping fibre The initial part in the source of dimension bundle is arranged on a surface of the substrate;One or more resin is impregnated The first of fibre bundle is laminated on the surface of substrate, wherein compression roll provide in order to make one or More resin-impregnated fiber bundle adhere to the power on the surface of substrate;By at least one help roll It is positioned at the first of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle adhered on a surface of the substrate The end nearside in road;At least one compression roll is made to contract from one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Return;Cylinder is made to stretch out with mobile guide roller and in the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Produce buffering capacity;Multiple pinch rolls are positioned at the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers Above and below and pinch roll is clamped on the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers, folder Tight roller is arranged between at least one compression roll and at least one help roll;Cut multiple pinch roll And the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers between at least one help roll;Make help roll The source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers is moved, so that the leaching of one or more resin The end of the first of stain fiber adheres on the surface of substrate;Make automatization's array stack system Rotate to be located the source for one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers around vertical axis The lamination in follow-up road, make at least one help roll be retracted into storage position simultaneously;By at least one Individual compression roll navigates on the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers, so that one or more The source of individual thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers adheres to one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers adhered in the past Road on and form additional road;Rotate pinch roll to launch one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers The end in source and complete by the end laminations in additional road to before on the road that adheres to;Make pinch roll It is retracted in storage position;Movement automation stack system soaks providing one or more resin The lamination in the source of stain fiber makes telescoping cylinder retract simultaneously, soaks by one or more resin to maintain The source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle that the buffering capacity in the source of stain fibre bundle provides On low-tension;Continue to move to automatization's stack system until one or more resin dipping is fine Buffering capacity in the source of dimension bundle is absorbed and the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle On the road starting to adhere to adhere in the past, wherein provide by the adhesion section in additional road one or Tension force on the source of more resin-impregnated fiber bundle is more than the low-tension provided by buffering capacity;With And repeat step above to limit the road of multiple restriction composite components.This automatization's stack system Including being connected at least one guide roller of telescoping cylinder, being arranged at least the one of this guide roller downstream Individual compression roll and be arranged at least one help roll in this compression roll downstream, this at least one pressure Real roller and this at least one help roll are configured to make one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle glue It is attached on the surface of substrate, and in order to lead around vertical axis and relative to the surface orientation of substrate To location and the control system of roller, compression roll and help roll.

Accompanying drawing explanation

When reading described in detail below with reference to accompanying drawing, these and other of present disclosure is special Levy, aspect and advantage will become better understood, and reference similar in whole accompanying drawings represents phase As part, wherein:

Fig. 1 schematically show in side view according to embodiment for resin transmission, painting Apply and dipping is to form the fibre bundle that is through impregnation with automatic with formation composite component of lamination subsequently Change manufacture system in upright arrangement;

Fig. 2 schematically shows the use automatization array system according to embodiment in side view Manufacturing system forms the step in the method for composite component;

Fig. 3 schematically shows the use automatization array system according to embodiment in side view Manufacturing system forms the step in the method for composite component;

Fig. 4 schematically shows the use automatization array system according to embodiment in side view Manufacturing system forms the step in the method for composite component;

Fig. 5 schematically shows the use automatization array system according to embodiment in side view Manufacturing system forms the step in the method for composite component;

Fig. 6 schematically shows the use automatization array system according to embodiment in side view Manufacturing system forms the step in the method for composite component;

Fig. 7 schematically shows the use automatization array system according to embodiment in side view Manufacturing system forms the step in the method for composite component;

Fig. 8 schematically shows the use automatization array system according to embodiment in side view Manufacturing system forms the step in the method for composite component;

Fig. 9 schematically shows the use automatization array system according to embodiment in side view Manufacturing system forms the step in the method for composite component;

It is in upright arrangement that Figure 10 schematically shows the use automatization according to embodiment in side view Manufacture system forms the step in the method for composite component;

It is in upright arrangement that Figure 11 schematically shows the use automatization according to embodiment in side view Manufacture system forms the step in the method for composite component;

It is in upright arrangement that Figure 12 schematically shows the use automatization according to embodiment in side view Manufacture system forms the step in the method for composite component;

It is in upright arrangement that Figure 13 schematically shows the use automatization according to embodiment in side view Manufacture system forms the step in the method for composite component;

It is in upright arrangement that Figure 14 schematically shows the use automatization according to embodiment in side view Manufacture system forms the step in the method for composite component;

It is in upright arrangement that Figure 15 schematically shows the use automatization according to embodiment in side view Manufacture system forms the step in the method for composite component;

It is in upright arrangement that Figure 16 schematically shows the use automatization according to embodiment in side view Manufacture system forms the step in the method for composite component;

It is in upright arrangement that Figure 17 schematically shows the use automatization according to embodiment in side view Manufacture system forms the step in the method for composite component;

It is in upright arrangement that Figure 18 schematically shows the use automatization according to embodiment in side view Manufacture system forms the step in the method for composite component;

It is in upright arrangement that Figure 19 schematically shows the use automatization according to embodiment in side view Manufacture system forms the step in the method for composite component;And

The use automatization array manufacture system that Figure 20 shows according to embodiment is formed multiple Close the flow chart of the method for parts.

Parts list

100 are combined automatization's array manufactures system

101 composite components

122 roads

124 initial parts

126 ends

The road adhered to before 128

The road adhered to before 129

130 additional roads

The resin transmission of 110 automatizatioies, deposition and dipping systems

112 automatization's array stack system

120 one or more dry fibers bundles

132 sources

134 one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134

135 bufferings

136 at least one guide roller

138 telescoping cylinders

The surface of 139 compression rolls

140 at least one compression roll

The surface of 141 142

142 substrates

143 lamination instruments

144 at least one help roll

146 location and control systems

More than 148 pinch roll

150 controllers

152 vertical axis

158 lead directly to

160 lamination process

162 transmit

164 location

166 move

168 adhere to

170 reduce

172 retract

174 move

176 stretch out

178 location

180 clampings

182 cuttings

184 move

186 forwardly and upwardly

188 rotate

190 retract

192 location

194 rotate

196 retract

197

198 move

199 retract

200 use automatization's array to manufacture the method that system manufactures composite component

The source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle is sent to be configured to receive one by 202 Automatization's array stack system in the source of individual or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle

204 by the source location of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle in lamination system of automatization In system and between the surface of compression roll and the surface of substrate, thus limit through path

206 with the first tension force by the initial portion in the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Set up separately and put on a surface of the substrate

The road of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle is laminated on the surface of substrate by 208

At least one help roll is positioned at adhered on a surface of the substrate or more by 210 The end nearside of the first of multiple resin-impregnated fiber bundle

212 make at least one compression roll retract from one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle

214 make cylinder stretch out with mobile guide roller and in one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Source in produce buffering capacity

216 sources that multiple pinch rolls are positioned at one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers upper Side and lower section

Pinch roll is clamped on the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers by 218

220 cut one or more tree between multiple pinch rolls and at least one help roll The source of fat dipping fiber

222 make help roll move on the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers, so that The end of the first of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers adheres on the surface of substrate

224 make automatization's array stack system around vertical axis rotate to be located for The lamination in the follow-up road in the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers

226 make at least one help roll be retracted into storage position

At least one compression roll is navigated to the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers by 228 On, so that the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers adheres to the leaching of one or more resin On the road of the former adhesion of stain fiber and form additional road

230 rotate pinch roll to launch the end in the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers And complete by the end laminations in additional road to before adhere to road on

232 make pinch roll be retracted in storage position

234 movement automation stack system are to provide one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers The lamination in source makes telescoping cylinder retract simultaneously, to maintain by one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Source in buffering capacity provide one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle source on low Power

236 continue to move to automatization's linear system until one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers Buffering capacity in the source of bundle is absorbed and the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle is opened Begin to adhere on the road that adhered in the past

238 repeat step 208 to 236 to limit the road of the described composite component of multiple restrictions

Detailed description of the invention

General reference Fig. 1 describes for transmitting to one or more dry fibers bundle 120 and apply Resin, by resin-impregnated fiber bundle to form one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 Automatization's resin transmission, deposition and dipping systems 110 and for one or more resin soak Automatization's array stack system 112 of the subsequent stacks of stain fibre bundle 134.Automatization's resin passes Send, apply and dipping systems 110 is integrated in automatization's array lamination or fiber place system 112 In, to form compound automatization array manufacture system 100, its exemplary arrangement is shown in FIG Go out.This layout makes it possible to by each bundle 120 controls resin coating (and therefore dipping) speed Degree and in real time, in upright arrangement impregnate one or more dry fibers bundle 120 and to be subsequently based on parts specific Requirement carry out one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 of lamination to form composite component 101. The system 100 obtained can be used for manufacturing composite component or structure, and its nonrestrictive example includes Low weight, Intensive Flying device and automobile component.

For the exemplary arrangement shown in Fig. 1, automatization's resin transmission, deposit and impregnate system System include having for by resin transmission, deposit and be impregnated into one or more dry fibers bundle Resin transmission, deposition and the impregnation section of the device on 120.

About resin and one or more fibre bundle 120, present disclosure is not limited to concrete Resin or fiber type.But, in a nonrestrictive example, it is impregnated into fibre bundle 120 In resin be the thermosetting resin that can be used for composite fibre.Adoptable suitable thermosetting tree The example of fat includes but not limited to epoxy resin, polyester, vinyl esters, phenolic resin, poly-ammonia Ester, polyamide or the combination of two or more in these.It addition, can use described herein Equipment, system and method impregnate any suitable reinforcement material.Such as, relative continuous print Fiber or bundle may be disposed to form unidirectional fibre array, cross-plied fiber array or tie up bunchy, this A little bundles are arranged to be formed unidirectional bundle array, or weave or overlap and form two-dimensional array, or weaving Or weave and form three dimensional fabric.For three dimensional fabric, such as, can make to organize unidirectional bundle each other more Laterally interweave.

The useful fiber that such as this type of reinforcement material of band or fabric includes includes but not limited to Glass fibre, carbon fiber and graphite fibre, basalt fibre, include the polymer of aromatics fiber Fiber, boron filament, ceramic fibre, silica fibre etc..These fibers can be non-conducting or conduction Property, depend on the expectation application of composite fibre.In this specific nonrestrictive example, Resin 130 is epoxy resin, and one or more fibre bundle 120 includes carbon fiber.But, Present disclosure is not limited to these concrete resin or fiber types.

In a nonrestrictive example, automatization's resin transmission, deposition and dipping systems 110 Can include being configured to by one or more fibre bundle 120 corresponding one of pitch deposition One or more nozzle.Entitled " Resin Application and Infusion System's " Copending application further describes the coating of the use combining nozzle and dipping systems Other side, the attorney docket of this application is 236021-1 and U.S. patent application serial number is 12/575,668, same assignee submit to and pass through this and quote and be incorporated in the application.

In an alternative nonrestrictive example, automatization's resin transmission, deposit and impregnate System 110 can include that one or more dip roll, each dip roll have internal arc table Face and outer arcuate surface and multiple perforation formed therein, one of them or more leaching Stain roller is configured to connect with resin fluid.Entitled " Resin Infusion Apparatus and System, Layup System, and Methods of Using These " copending application in Further describe coating and the dipping of the use combining one or more dip roll and perforation The other side of system, the attorney docket of this application is 241776-1 and U.S. Patent application sequence Number it is 12/648,404, and is quoted by this and be incorporated in the application.

Automatization's array stack system 112 be arranged to automatization resin transmission, deposit and impregnate The straight-through location of system 110.More specifically, automatization's array stack system 112 soaks at resin It is aligned to receive straight-through the 158 of one or more fibre bundle 120 after stain, and more Body ground receives the source 132 of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134.Automatization's array is folded Layer system 112 generally includes at least one guide roller 136, the setting coupled with telescoping cylinder 138 Adhere in guide roller 136 downstream the fibre bundle 134 that is configured to make one or more be through impregnation with At least one compression roll 140 on the surface 141 of substrate 142 and be arranged on compression roll At least one help roll 144 in 140 downstreams.

Automatization's array stack system 112 may also include and leads directly to 158 and in upright arrangement arranges and more It is arranged on the multiple folders between at least one compression roll 140 and at least one help roll 144 body Tight or hold-down roller 148.Multiple pinch rolls 148 provide clamping in cutting step (describing below) period Power and the end of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle is adhered to the surface of substrate 142 (describe below) on 141.

At least one compression roll 140 is configured to transmission in order to the fibre one or more being through impregnation with Dimension bundle 134 adheres to the power on the surface 141 of substrate 142 such as mould or lamination instrument 143. Arranging period, the denseness of selected resin is for making this resin by enough viscous to adhere to substrate On 141 rather than on compression roll 140.Automatization's array stack system 112 may also include location With control system 146, this location and control system 146 and guide roller 136, compression roll 140 Couple with help roll 144, with around vertical axis 152 and relative to the surface 141 of substrate 142 Orientation automatization array stack system 112 component, and more specifically orientation guide roller 136, Compression roll 140 and help roll 144.It addition, location and control system 146 can provide multiple folder Parameter and the controls stretched out of telescoping cylinder 138 such as the such as spacing of tight roller 148, and thus carry Control for straight-through 158 tension force.In order to realize this type of monitoring, location and control system 146 are also One or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers in monitoring automation stack system 112 can be included One or more sensor 147 of the tension force of bundle 134.

In a nonrestrictive example, automatization's array stack system 112 may be installed lining On the robot head (not shown) in front, the end 142 or mould so that when automatization's array lamination When system 112 moves relative to substrate 142, one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 To adhere on substrate 142, and due to one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 Tension force on source 132 and pull the source 132 of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 to lead to Cross automatization's resin transmission, deposition and dipping systems 110.

As shown in fig. 1, compound automatization array manufacture system 100 may also include and is configured to control Automatization processed resin transmission, deposition and dipping systems 110 and automatization's array stack system 112 Controller 150.Controller 150 can be with automatization as shown in Figure 1 array stack system 112 and more specifically alignment system 146 exchange information, to optimize deposition (laydown) Order.Controller 150 may be additionally configured to auto-control resin transmission, deposition and dipping systems 110, the fiber speed of corresponding in one or more fibre bundle 120, it is provided that resin, One or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 and the temperature control of automatization's linear system 112 System, and one or more dipping fibre bundle 134 in auto-control stack system 112 The tension force in source 132.Although compound automatization array can be manufactured system 110 and more specifically and Automatization's resin transmission, deposition and dipping systems 110 and automatization's stack system 112 are adopted by speech Use single controller, but need this control integrated.Controller 150 be configured to optimize dipping and Deposition order.In certain embodiments, controller 150 can include at one or more Reason device.It should be noted that, present disclosure is not limited to the place for performing present disclosure Any par-ticular processor of reason task.Term " processor " as used herein is intended to indicate that can Perform the calculating of required by task of present disclosure, computing, and control in present disclosure Any machine of mechanically and electrically device of air.Term " processor " is intended to indicate that and can accept structure Change input and/or any machine exported according to this input of rule treatments of regulation with generation, such as this As skilled person will appreciate that of field.

In some nonrestrictive example, automatization's array stack system 112 may also include and sets It is set to the straight-through refrigerating module positioned in source 132 with one or more resin fibre bundle 134 154.The nonrestrictive example of refrigerating module 154 includes by the city of Cincinnati, Ohio There is the ITW Air Management company in the location of business at trade name Vortex Coolers downside pin The air cooler sold and cooler.For some embodiment, refrigerating module 154 by one or The source 132 of more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 is cooled to the model at about 40 °F to about 70 °F Enclose interior temperature.For the structure shown in Fig. 1, after being cooled down by compression roll 140 subsequently One or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 be compacted on the surface 141 of substrate 142 with Form the road 122 of composite component 101.

Compound automatization array manufactures the specific configuration of system 100 can be based on application with manufactured The structure change of composite component.

Referring now to Fig. 2-19, it is shown that use automatization's array of Fig. 1 to manufacture system 100 and carry out shape Become transmission and the side of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 of lamination of composite component 101 Step in method.In Fig. 2-19 to shown in Fig. 2-19 with described in earlier in respect of figures 1 The component that component is identical provides the reference number that they are identical.It addition, earlier in respect of figures 1 is introduced May not be further described below with describing simultaneously some component shown in Fig. 2-19.

Fig. 2 showing, use automatization array manufactures system 100 to manufacture composite component 101 Method in first step.During this manufacture process, resin is impregnated into one or more In individual fibre bundle 120, to form the source 132 of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134. Via through path 158, one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 is transmitted 162 to structure Cause automatization's array stack system 112 that lamination process 160 is provided.Such as earlier in respect of figures 1 Described, automatization's stack system 112 is configured to relative at least coupled with telescoping cylinder 138 Individual guide roller 136, at least one compression roll 140 being arranged on guide roller 136 downstream and setting At least one help roll 144 in compression roll 140 downstream supplies one or more resin dipping The source 132 of fibre bundle 134.Location and control system 146 around vertical axis 152 and relative to The surface 141 of substrate 142 orients guide roller 136, compression roll 140 and help roll 144, and And the straight-through of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 is provided.One or more is set The source 132 of fat dipping fibre bundle 134 positions 164 in automatization's array stack system 112, And more particularly, between surface 139 and the surface 141 of substrate 142 of compression roll 140. The initial part 124 in the source 132 of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 143 is with first Power adheres to 166 to the surface 141 of substrate 142.Along with automatization's array stack system 112 166 are moved along forward direction, one or more resin dipping fibre relative to lamination instrument 143 Dimension bundle 134 adheres to 168 to the surface 141 of substrate 142 by compression roll 140, and thus Form first 122.During lamination process 160, compression roll 140 provide to make material, And more specifically one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 adheres to the table of substrate 142 Power on face 141.In a nonrestrictive example, compression roll 140 can be vehicularized, So that to be moved through automatization's stack system with one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 132 112 identical speed provide the rotation of compression roll 140.By means of having adhered to substrate 142 Surface 141 on the friction of described material part, from one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers The source 132 of bundle 134 pulls the material on the surface 141 sticking to substrate 142.This adhesion part Divide the correct lamination and tensioning be conducive to during lamination process 160.During initial setting up, When the material deficiency adhered to provide counteracting force, this tension force can be during lamination starts Throw into question.In order to remedy this situation, the material of primary quantity will be prepared and incite somebody to action with the lowest tension force It is sent to automatization's stack system 112.

As shown in Figure 2, first 122 is made to adhere on the surface 141 of substrate 142 And automatization's stack system 112 is when the end 126 of first 122, reduce by 170 to A few help roll 144 is one or more with press close to stick on the surface 141 of substrate 142 The end 126 of the first 122 of individual resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134.

Referring now to Fig. 3, next make at least one compression roll 140 from one or more resin Dipping fibre bundle 134 retracts 172.More specifically, at least one help roll 144 is being dropped Low to after on end 126, make compression roll 140 move in the upward direction away from the material adhered to Dynamic, and help roll 144 keeps contacting with the first 122 of the adhesion of material.At compression roll Retraction 172 during, automatization's stack system 112 and particular at least one help roll 144 To provide the end 126 of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 to adhere to substrate 142 Surface 141 on forward mode continue to move to 174.

During the continuation of lamination process 160 as Figure 4-6 shown, lamination system of automatization System 112 is maintained on the surface 141 of substrate 142 as shown in Figure 4 at permission help roll 144 Position stop.Telescoping cylinder 138 stretches out 176, so that at least one guide roller 136 is with certainly One or more between dynamicization resin transmission, coating and dipping systems 110 and compression roll 140 The mode producing buffering 135 (Fig. 5) in the source 132 of individual resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 moves 178. As described herein, buffering 135 in source 132 with the minimum tension force to laminate point provide one or More resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134.During this process, help roll 144 remains adjacent to fold Layer instrument 143, to provide the source 132 resisting one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 In the counteracting force of tension force.

Fully extended at telescoping cylinder 138 and in one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 Source 132 in produce whole buffering capacity 135 after, multiple pinch rolls 148 are positioned 178 Above and below one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 124, show best as in Fig. 7-15 Go out.More specifically, pinch roll 148 is arranged between compression roll 140 and help roll 144 also The clamping 180 of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 is provided, thus fix one or More resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 also prevent them from being drawn along rearwardly direction due to tension force Dynamic.It follows that one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 experiences at multiple pinch rolls 148 And cutting process 182 cut between at least one help roll 144, as shown in Figure 9. After cutting process 182, make at least one help roll 144 relative to adhere to one or more Multiple resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 move 184 in the way of forward, so that one or more The end 126 of the first 122 of resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 adheres to the surface of substrate 142 On 141, illustrate best as in Figure 10.

Referring now to Figure 11 and 12, after the end arriving lamination instrument 143, automatization is straight Row stack system 112 continues forwardly and upwardly to move 186 and cross (clear) lamination instrument 143. Next automatization's array stack system 112 rotates 188 around vertical axis 152, with location certainly Dynamicization stack system 112 in upright arrangement is for the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 The lamination in the follow-up road of 132.It should be noted that, in this nonrestrictive exemplary embodiment In, automatization's array stack system 112 rotates about 180 degree around vertical axis 152, to carry The follow-up road of supply source 132 lamination on the surface of first one 122, but present disclosure expection The alternative of automatization's array stack system 112 is angularly positioned to provide the follow-up road with source 132 Relevant alternative lamination parameter.

While automatization's linear system 112 rotates, at least one help roll 144 regracting 190 to storage position.It follows that at least one compression roll 140 to be positioned again 192 to one On the individual or source 132 of more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134, so that one or more resin Road that the source 132 of dipping fibre bundle 134 adheres to above to adhere to 129 is (according to up to the present Method step, first 122) on, and form additional road 130.More specifically, compression roll 140 move in a downward direction until contacting lamination instrument 143 with required compaction force.In order to The lamination of the end 128 in realization additional road 130 as shown in figs 14 and 15, makes pinch roll 148 rotate 194 to launch the additional road 130 of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 End 128, and before completing to be stacked in end 128 on the road 129 of adhesion.In end After 128 adhere on first one 107, multiple pinch roll 148 is made to retract 196 to storage position Put.

Referring now to Figure 16-18, automatization's array stack system 112 now starts relative to folded Layer instrument 143 moves forward 198.By utilization or the buffering 135 of absorbing material with the lowest Tension force supply one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 at this point.By location and control System 146 processed controls the use of the buffering 135 of material.Need the lamination in each follow-up road This low-tension during beginning is with beneficially material being properly positioned relative to lamination instrument 143.? During this time wherein utilizing buffering 135, dipping process can be slowed or stopped.When impregnating During Cheng Jixu (not being slowed or stopped), it may include the additional cushion of resin-impregnated fiber bundle.Certainly While the movement of dynamicization linear system 112 and the lamination in additional road 130, telescoping cylinder 138 contracts Return 199, to maintain by delaying in the source 132 of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 Low-tension on the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 of punching 135 offer.From Dynamicization stack system 112 in upright arrangement continues to move 198 along forward direction, as shown in Figure 19, Until the buffering 135 in the source 132 of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 is absorbed, And on the road 107 starting to adhere to adhere in the past.Carried by the adhesion section in additional road 130 Tension force on the source 132 of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 of confession is more than by buffering 152 tension force provided.After the lamination in additional road 130, repeat array lamination system of automatization The end laminations of system 112, cut, rotate and the process of lamination in follow-up road, to be conducive to Accumulation forms multiple roads of composite component 101.

During lamination process 160, and when starting more particularly, in Mei Tiao road, it is important that Tension force on the source 132 of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle 134 is the lowest.If tension force Too high, material slides starting, the road adhered to before causing damaging or layer, and causes manufactured The error of geometry of composite component 101.

Referring now to Figure 20, it is shown that the flow process of description method as described in earlier in respect of figures 2-19 Figure.Show that use automatization array manufactures system 100 to manufacture the method 200 of composite component, The method comprises the following steps: be impregnated into by resin in one or more fibre bundle, to be formed The source (step 200) of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle;One or more resin is soaked The source of stain fibre bundle is sent to be configured to receive the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Automatization's array stack system (step 202);By one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Source location is in automatization's stack system and between the surface of compression roll and the surface of substrate, from And limit through path (step 204);With the first tension force by one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers The initial part in the source of bundle is arranged on a surface of the substrate (step 206);One or more is set The road of fat dipping fibre bundle is laminated to (step 208) on the surface of substrate;By at least one help roll It is positioned at the first of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle adhered on a surface of the substrate End nearside (step 210) in road;At least one compression roll is made to impregnate from one or more resin Fibre bundle retracts (step 212);Cylinder is made to stretch out with mobile guide roller and at one or more resin The source of dipping fibre bundle produces buffering capacity (step 214);Multiple pinch rolls are positioned at one or Above and below the source of more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers (step 216);Pinch roll is clamped in one On the individual or source of more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers (step 218);Cut multiple pinch roll and at least The source (step 220) of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers between individual help roll;Make help roll The source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers is moved so that one or more resin soaks The end of the first of stain fiber adheres to (step 222) on the surface of substrate;Make automatization in upright arrangement Stack system rotates to be located around vertical axis and impregnates for one or more resin The lamination (step 224) in the follow-up road in the source of fiber;At least one help roll is made to be retracted into storage position Put (step 226);At least one compression roll is navigated to one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers On source, so that the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers adheres to one or more resin Dipping fiber former adhesion road on and form additional road (step 228);Rotate pinch roll with exhibition Open the end in the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers and complete to fold the end in additional road Layer is to (step 230) on the road of in the past adhesion;Pinch roll is made to be retracted into (step in storage position 232);Movement automation stack system is to provide the source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers Lamination makes telescoping cylinder retract simultaneously, to maintain by the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle In buffering capacity provide one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle source on low-tension (step Rapid 234);Continue to move to automatization's linear system until one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Source in buffering capacity absorbed and the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle starts Adhere on the road that adhered in the past (step 236);And it is many to limit to 236 to repeat step 208 The road (step 238) of individual restriction composite component.

Disclosed automatization in upright arrangement transmits and stack system be intended to the most soft with wherein resin or The resin impregnated material being in semi liquid state is used together.Valuably, by integrated array and with from Automatization's resin transmission, coating and dipping systems 110, the energy that dynamicization stack system 112 is integrated Enough composite constructions manufacturing advanced person, although having the shape of complexity, but need not Shu Qidong, stop Only, increase and fall down or separate manufacture process and step are to realize the transmission of fibre bundle, coating Subsequent stacks with the fibre bundle impregnated and be through impregnation with.The compound automatization array manufacture obtained Resin transmission in upright arrangement, coating and the dipping systems of system integration present disclosure and automatization Stack system, thus the control with improvement and the cost less than conventional fibre place system provide The manufacture of the composite construction of these complexity.

Although only illustrate and describe some feature of present disclosure in literary composition, but the technology of this area Personnel are it is appreciated that many is retrofited and change.It is therefore to be understood that claims purport These type of remodeling all within containing the true spirit falling into present disclosure and change.

Claims (9)

1. automatization's array manufactures a system, for resin is coated to one or more To form one or more on fibre bundle, with described resin dipping one or more fibre bundle Multiple fibre bundles being through impregnation with and subsequently lamination one or the more fiber being through impregnation with Bundle is to form composite component, and each in one or more fibre bundle wherein said is with phase The fiber speed answered moves, and described automated system includes:
It is configured to define automatization's resin transmission of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle, sinks Amass and dipping systems;
With described automatization resin transmission, deposition and dipping systems array structure to receive described one Individual or straight-through automatization's stack system of more resin-impregnated fiber bundle, described automatization folds Layer system includes at least one guide roller coupled with telescoping cylinder, is arranged on described guide roller downstream And it is configured to the surface making one or the more fibre bundle being through impregnation with adhere to substrate On at least one compression roll, be arranged on described compression roll downstream at least one help roll and In order to relative to guide roller described in the described surface orientation of described substrate, described compression roll and described The location of help roll and control system, described Telescopic cylinder structure becomes to make described guide roller stretch out with shape Become the buffering in one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle;And
It is configured to control described automatization stack system and control in described automatization stack system One or the controller of tension force of more resin-impregnated fiber bundle.
Automatization the most according to claim 1 array manufactures system, it is characterised in that Described automatization array manufactures system and also includes that array is arranged on described compression roll and described auxiliary Multiple pinch rolls between roller.
3. one kind is used for using automatization according to claim 1 array manufacture system to incite somebody to action Resin is impregnated in one or more fibre bundle to form one or more fibre being through impregnation with The method of the lamination of dimension bundle and one or the more fibre bundle being through impregnation with.
4. for using automatization's array to manufacture the method that system manufactures composite component, institute The method of stating includes:
It is sent to the source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle be configured to receive described one Automatization's array stack system in the described source of individual or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle, described from Dynamicization stack system includes at least one guide roller coupled with telescoping cylinder, is arranged on described guiding At least one compression roll in roller downstream and to be arranged at least one of described compression roll downstream auxiliary Roller, at least one compression roll described and at least one help roll described is helped to be configured to make one Or the more fibre bundle being through impregnation with adheres on the surface of substrate, and in order to around vertical axis And relative to guide roller described in the described surface orientation of described substrate, described compression roll and described auxiliary Help location and the control system of roller;
The source location of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle is folded in described automatization In layer system and between surface and the surface of described substrate of described compression roll, thus limit straight Path;
The first of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle is laminated to described substrate Described surface on, wherein said compression roll provide in order to make one or more resin leaching Stain fibre bundle adheres to the power on the described surface of described substrate;
At least one help roll described is positioned on the described surface sticking to described substrate The end nearside of the described first of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle;
At least one compression roll described is made to contract from one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Return;
Make described cylinder stretch out with mobile described guide roller and soak in one or more resin The described source of stain fibre bundle produces buffering capacity;
Cutting described between at least one compression roll and at least one help roll described described one Individual or the described source of more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers;
Automatization's array stack system is made to rotate to be located for described around vertical axis The lamination in the follow-up road in the described source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers, make simultaneously described in extremely A few help roll is retracted into storage position;
At least one compression roll described is navigated to one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers Source on so that the described source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers adheres to described one On the road of the former adhesion of individual or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers and form additional road;
Mobile described automatization stack system is until one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers Described buffering capacity in the described source of bundle is absorbed and one or more resin impregnate On the road that the described source of fibre bundle starts to adhere to adhere in the past, wherein viscous by described additional road Tension force on the described source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle that attached part is provided is big In the low-tension provided by described buffering capacity;And
Repeat step above to limit the road of the described composite component of multiple restrictions.
Method the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described method also includes Before first described in lamination, with the first tension force, one or more resin are impregnated fibre The initial part in the described source of dimension bundle is arranged on the described surface of described substrate.
Method the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that cut one or more The described source of individual resin-impregnated fiber bundle also include being positioned at multiple pinch rolls one or Above and below the described source of more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers, and described pinch roll is clamped On the described source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers, described pinch roll is arranged on institute State between at least one compression roll and at least one help roll described.
Method the most according to claim 6, it is characterised in that described method also includes Make described help roll on the described source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers move with One is made after the described source of cutting one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle Or the end of the described first of more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers adheres to the described of described substrate On surface.
Method the most according to claim 7, it is characterised in that described method also includes Rotate described pinch roll to launch the end in the described source of one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers And complete by the end laminations in described additional road to before adhere to road on.
Method the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that described method also includes Continue to move to described automatization stack system until one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers Described buffering capacity in the described source of bundle is absorbed and one or more thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers On the road that the described source of bundle starts to adhere to adhere in the past, wherein by the adhesion part in described additional road Tension force on the described source of one or more resin-impregnated fiber bundle point provided more than by The low-tension that described buffering capacity provides.
CN201110291648.5A 2010-09-24 2011-09-22 Automatization for thermoplastic resin-impregnated fibers transmits and the system and method for lamination CN102416699B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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US12/889,745 US8282758B2 (en) 2010-09-24 2010-09-24 System and method for the automated delivery and layup of resin infused fibers
US12/889745 2010-09-24

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CN102416699A CN102416699A (en) 2012-04-18
CN102416699B true CN102416699B (en) 2016-12-14

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Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6540000B1 (en) * 1998-11-10 2003-04-01 Aerospatiale Societe Nationale Industrielle Process and device for depositing in contact roving of pre-impregnated fibers particularly for the production of complex structures of composite material polymerized by ionization

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6540000B1 (en) * 1998-11-10 2003-04-01 Aerospatiale Societe Nationale Industrielle Process and device for depositing in contact roving of pre-impregnated fibers particularly for the production of complex structures of composite material polymerized by ionization

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