CN102416565A - Vertical clamping horizontal machine tool capable of cutting blank riser and drilling central hole - Google Patents

Vertical clamping horizontal machine tool capable of cutting blank riser and drilling central hole Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102416565A
CN102416565A CN2011103975993A CN201110397599A CN102416565A CN 102416565 A CN102416565 A CN 102416565A CN 2011103975993 A CN2011103975993 A CN 2011103975993A CN 201110397599 A CN201110397599 A CN 201110397599A CN 102416565 A CN102416565 A CN 102416565A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hook
workpiece
machine tool
manipulator
lathe bed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011103975993A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张培军
张达鑫
叶松军
潘益琴
郦君俊
张秋白
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Tianhong Machinery Industrial Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Tianhong Machinery Industrial Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Tianhong Machinery Industrial Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Tianhong Machinery Industrial Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011103975993A priority Critical patent/CN102416565A/en
Publication of CN102416565A publication Critical patent/CN102416565A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a vertical clamping horizontal machine tool capable of cutting a blank riser and drilling a central hole. The machine tool comprises a workpiece (1), a lathe bed (14), a turnover main shaft chuck (2) arranged on the middle part of the lathe bed (14), and a cutting feeding mechanism arranged coaxial with the main shaft chuck (2). The machine tool is characterized in that: a claw (9) of a claw mechanism enters the workpiece, the cut riser of the workpiece falls onto the claw (9), and the riser of the workpiece is moved out and collected into a collecting box by the claw mechanism. The machine tool has high automation degree; and grabbing and unloading of the workpiece are simultaneously finished by a loading manipulator and an unloading manipulator, and the blank riser can be automatically clamped and moved out by the claw mechanism, so that the difficulty and the labor intensity of loading and unloading the workpiece by a worker are reduced, the processing efficiency, the quality and the yield of a product are improved, meanwhile, chips are conveniently removed, and unmanned processing is realized.

Description

A kind of vertical clamping horizontal machine tool of cutting blank rising head and drill centers
Technical field
The invention belongs to machining special purpose machine tool technical field, be applied to the heavy castings machining tool, be particularly useful for the aluminum-alloy wheel cast blank and cut rising head machining tool and drill centers drilling machine.
Background technology
Aluminum-alloy wheel is in light weight, energy-conservation with it, good heat dissipation, attractive in appearance, corrosion-resistant, processability is good etc., and advantage is constantly approved, adopts aluminum-alloy wheel to become the optimal selection that substitutes the steel wheel, makes the sharp increase of aluminium alloy car wheel rim demand.The high speed of automobile forces aluminum-alloy wheel to develop to major diameter, wide wheel rim direction, and at present 14~16in of main flow is progressively replaced by 17~20in, even the 21-28in wheel occurs and be contained on the automobile.At present domestic because equipment price factor, the aluminum-alloy wheel forging type is near half thely to be produced with the gravitational casting mode, and the sabot of feeling at ease therein of the aluminum-alloy wheel of gravitational casting production leaves feeding head (seeing accompanying drawing one) with the inner rim position, needs postorder processing to excise.Wherein the cast blank weight of 20in (inch) major diameter, wide wheel rim reaches more than the 20KG.At present domestic to emit machine than cutting of automation be that horizontal cutting emitted machine, existingly horizontally cuts that to emit machine clamping pattern be horizontal clamping, and employee's workpiece loading and unloading clamping in man-hour height is high, reduced working (machining) efficiency and labour intensity is high; Wheel rim rising head under cutting is disconnected directly falls on the pocket knife main shaft, need all process the artificial taking-up in back, and have potential safety hazard; Be difficult for simultaneously realizing and simple and easy manipulator interlock, realize the automatic loading and unloading workpiece.
Summary of the invention
To above deficiency; The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of vertical clamping horizontal machine tool of cutting blank rising head and drill centers; Be to be provided with two cover raceways, two manipulators, hook mechanism, smear metal feed mechanism and chip removal mechanisms in the both sides of equipment; Make a machine tool can realize the automated handling workpiece simultaneously, realize unmanned operation.
Technical scheme of the present invention realizes in the following manner: the vertical clamping horizontal machine tool that can cut blank rising head and drill centers; The middle part that comprises workpiece, lathe bed, lathe bed is provided with turnover spindle chuck; The coaxial place corresponding with spindle chuck is provided with the smear metal feed mechanism; The both sides of lathe bed are provided with a cover charging raceway, a cover discharging raceway, a charging manipulator and a unloading manipulator, and two manipulators are accomplished charging and discharging simultaneously, and the top of lathe bed is provided with hook mechanism; Leading screw in the smear metal feed mechanism drives cutter along the track left side of lathe bed or move right, and it is characterized in that: described hook mechanism shifts out equipment with the workpiece rising head and goes in the collecting box.
Described hook mechanism comprises hook, hook cylinder, the traversing platform of hook mechanism and access device mobile platform; Be movably equipped with the access device mobile platform on the cross moving track on the top of lathe bed; The access device mobile platform is provided with traversing platform of hook mechanism and hook cylinder; Hook is connected with the hook cylinder, and hook is realized moving up and down under the drive of hook cylinder, under the drive of the traversing platform of hook mechanism, realizes move left and right.
Also be provided with chip removal mechanism under the upset spindle chuck in the described lathe bed, aluminium bits that cut produced through chip removal mechanism and begining to crop up enter in the collection bits car.
Described smear metal feed mechanism comprises cutter, smear metal cutter spindle, leading screw and servomotor; The stroke of servomotor control leading screw; And the smear metal cutter spindle that decision is connected on the leading screw drives the tool feeding amount, the stroke of the Programmable Logic Controller PLC control leading screw in the servomotor.
Be connected with riser guide and manipulator lift cylinder on described charging manipulator or the unloading manipulator, riser guide laterally moves along traversing guide rail, and charging manipulator and unloading manipulator are 0-360 ° of rotation.
Structure of the present invention, automaticity is high, the picking up and discharging of the workpiece that charging manipulator and unloading manipulator are accomplished simultaneously; Hook mechanism can shift out blank rising head automated exchanged cutter, can be implemented in the machined parameters that deposits a plurality of wheels in the digital control system in, processes according to wheel type, specification at every turn; Directly calling corresponding processing formula gets final product; Reduce the difficulty and the labour intensity of employee's workpiece loading and unloading, improved working (machining) efficiency, quality and the yield rate of product, be convenient to chip removal simultaneously.Cooperating between convenient and the manipulator realizes the automated handling workpiece, realizes unmanned processing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a gravitational casting aluminum-alloy wheel blank drawing.
Fig. 2 is a loading position of the present invention structural representation.
Fig. 3 is a Working position structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is that the present invention cooperates the charging sketch map with manipulator.
Fig. 5 is that the present invention cooperates the discharging sketch map with manipulator.
Among the figure: 1 workpiece; 2 spindle chucks; 3 cutters; 4 smear metal cutter spindles; Leading screw 5; Servomotor 6; Chip removal mechanism 7; Upset driving oil cylinder 8; Wheel rim rising head hook 9; Hook cylinder 10; Hook emits the traversing platform 11 of mouth mechanism; Access device mobile platform 12; The wheel rim rising head 13 that downcuts; The center riser of downcutting; 14 lathe beds; 15 cross moving tracks; 16 charging raceways; 17 discharging raceways; 18 charging manipulators; 19 unloading manipulators; 20 riser guides; 21 manipulator lift cylinders; 22 traversing guide rails.
The specific embodiment
A kind of vertical clamping horizontal machine tool of cutting blank rising head and drill centers; The middle part that comprises workpiece 1, lathe bed 14, lathe bed is provided with turnover spindle chuck 2; Spindle chuck 2 clamps or unclamps workpiece 1, and 2 corresponding coaxial places are provided with the smear metal feed mechanism with spindle chuck, and the both sides of lathe bed 7 are provided with a cover charging raceway 6, and overlap discharging raceway 8, a charging manipulator and a unloading manipulator 4; Two manipulators are accomplished charging and discharging simultaneously; The top of lathe bed 14 is provided with hook mechanism, and leading screw in the smear metal feed mechanism 5 drives cutters 3 along the track left side of lathe bed or move right, and hook mechanism shifts out equipment with the workpiece rising head and goes in the collecting box.Also be provided with chip removal mechanism under the upset spindle chuck in the lathe bed, aluminium bits that cut produced through chip removal mechanism and begining to crop up enter in the collection bits car.
Described smear metal feed mechanism comprises cutter 3, smear metal cutter spindle 4, leading screw 5 and servomotor 6, Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) control, and the stroke of servomotor 6 control leading screws 5, and the smear metal cutter spindle 4 that decision is connected on the leading screw 5 drives cutter 3 amount of feeding.
Being known by Fig. 2, is loading position of the present invention structural representation.Hook mechanism is good at the wheel clamping, and spindle chuck 2 is upright, and workpiece 1 wheel is encased in the spindle chuck 2, and hook mechanism is away from cutting mechanism.Hook mechanism comprises hook 9, hook cylinder 10, the traversing platform 11 of hook mechanism and access device mobile platform 12; The top movable of lathe bed 14 is provided with access device mobile platform 12; Access device mobile platform 12 is provided with traversing platform 11 of hook mechanism and hook cylinder 10; Hook 9 is connected with hook cylinder 10, and hook 9 is realized moving up and down under the drive of hook cylinder 10, under the drive of the traversing platform 11 of hook mechanism, realizes move left and right.
Being known by Fig. 3, is Working position structural representation of the present invention.Hook mechanism is good at workpiece 1 wheel clamping; After spindle chuck 2 is turned to Working position; Hook 9 gets in the wheels, and the wheel rim rising head falls on hook 9 after cutting off, the traversing platform 11 of hook mechanism with wheel rim rising head hook 9 and wheel rim rising head 13 to moving away from the aluminum-alloy wheel direction; Hook cylinder 10 is seen the wheel rim rising head wheel rim rising head 13 hoisting depths of downcutting equipment off and is put into special-purpose collecting box through access device mobile platform 12 then.
Being known by Fig. 4, is that the present invention cooperates the charging sketch map with manipulator.Cooperate with the automatic loading and unloading manipulator and to realize unmanned charging, increase by two covers in vehicle body 14 both sides and carry raceways, a cover is used for feed roller road 16, one covers and is used for discharge roller road 17, two cover manipulators, and a cover is used for charger tool hand 18, one covers and is used for unloading manipulator 19.During work, charging manipulator 18 grasps a blank to be processed, and unloading manipulator 19 is picked up the wheel that machines simultaneously, and two manipulators promote simultaneously, moves to the left to charging manipulator 18 and gets into charging raceway 16 to vehicle body 14 charging positions.Be connected with riser guide 20 and manipulator lift cylinder 21 on charging manipulator 18 or the unloading manipulator 19, riser guide 20 laterally moves along traversing guide rail 22.Charging manipulator 18 passes through riser guide 20 oscilaltions with unloading manipulator 19.
Being known by Fig. 5, is that the present invention cooperates the discharging sketch map with manipulator.Charging manipulator 18 grasps a blank to be processed; Unloading manipulator 19 is picked up the wheel that machines simultaneously; Two manipulators promote simultaneously, and unloading manipulator 19 is to discharging raceway 17 positions, and two manipulators are placed on wheel to be processed on the spindle chuck 2 of vehicle body 14; The wheel that processes is placed on the discharging raceway 17, moves to next procedure.
The horizontal processing of vertical clamping of the present invention is cut and is emitted machine: adopt turning spindle chuck and former machine tool spindle is driven numerical control transformation, realize vertical workpiece loading and unloading, the technology of horizontal processing.Turning spindle chuck is horizontal (vertical clamping position) during workpiece loading and unloading, and the wheel cast blank is placed on the chuck, and clamping wheel, switching mechanism turn over spindle chuck and turn 90 degrees, and cutter spindle just can be processed.Process, cutter spindle returns initial point, and switching mechanism falls the spindle chuck upset again and is horizontal loading position.
Electric-control system employing Programmable Logic Controller of the present invention (PLC) control, cutter spindle feeding drive uses hydraulic oil cylinder driving, and stroke adopts travel switch control, when more wheel change is processed at every turn, needs the adjustment stroke position of the switch.Through original equipment being controlled system conversion is digital control system; The cutter spindle type of drive changes servo motor and ball-screw into; Can be implemented in the machined parameters that deposits a plurality of wheels in the digital control system in like this, process according to wheel type, specification at every turn, directly call corresponding processing formula and get final product; Working (machining) efficiency is high, and machining accuracy, stay in grade.

Claims (5)

1. can cut the vertical clamping horizontal machine tool of blank rising head and drill centers; The middle part that comprises workpiece (1), lathe bed (14), lathe bed (14) is provided with turnover spindle chuck (2); Coaxial place is provided with the smear metal feed mechanism with spindle chuck (2); The both sides of lathe bed (14) are provided with a cover charging raceway (6), cover discharging raceway (8), a charging manipulator (18) and a unloading manipulator (19), and two manipulators are accomplished charging and discharging simultaneously, and the top of lathe bed (14) is provided with hook mechanism; It is mobile to the left or to the right along the track of lathe bed that leading screw in the smear metal feed mechanism (5) drives cutter (3); It is characterized in that: the hook (9) of described hook mechanism gets in the workpiece, and the workpiece rising head falls on hook (9) after cutting off, and hook mechanism shifts out the workpiece rising head and get in the collecting box.
2. the vertical clamping horizontal machine tool of cutting blank rising head and drill centers according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described hook mechanism comprises hook (9), hook cylinder (10), the traversing platform of hook mechanism (11) and access device mobile platform (12); Be connected with access device mobile platform (12) on the cross moving track on lathe bed top (15); Access device mobile platform (12) is provided with traversing platform of hook mechanism (11) and hook cylinder (10); Hook (9) is connected with hook cylinder (10), and hook (9) is realizing moving up and down, under the drive of the traversing platform of hook mechanism (11), realizing move left and right under the drive of hook cylinder (10).
3. the vertical clamping horizontal machine tool of cutting blank rising head and drill centers according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be provided with chip removal mechanism (7) under the described spindle chuck (2).
4. the vertical clamping horizontal machine tool of cutting blank rising head and drill centers according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described smear metal feed mechanism comprises cutter (3), smear metal cutter spindle (4), leading screw (5) and servomotor (6), and leading screw (5) is provided with the stroke of Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) the control leading screw (5) in smear metal cutter spindle (4) and cutter (3), the servomotor (6).
5. the vertical clamping horizontal machine tool of cutting blank rising head and drill centers according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: all be connected with riser guide (20) and manipulator lift cylinder (21) on described charging manipulator (18) or the unloading manipulator (19); Riser guide (20) laterally moves along traversing guide rail (22), and charging manipulator and unloading manipulator are 0-360 ° of rotation.
CN2011103975993A 2011-12-01 2011-12-01 Vertical clamping horizontal machine tool capable of cutting blank riser and drilling central hole Pending CN102416565A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103975993A CN102416565A (en) 2011-12-01 2011-12-01 Vertical clamping horizontal machine tool capable of cutting blank riser and drilling central hole

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103975993A CN102416565A (en) 2011-12-01 2011-12-01 Vertical clamping horizontal machine tool capable of cutting blank riser and drilling central hole

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102416565A true CN102416565A (en) 2012-04-18

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102672468A (en) * 2012-03-21 2012-09-19 江苏天宏机械工业有限公司 Vertical type clamping horizontal machine tool capable of cutting blank dead head and drill centre hole
CN102922290A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-02-13 安陆火凤凰铝材有限责任公司 Aluminum bar processing device and aluminum bar processing method
CN107398741A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-28 台山市仁丰五金电器有限公司 Numerically controlled machine
CN107598271A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-01-19 广西汽车集团有限公司 Dead head cutter device and method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102672468A (en) * 2012-03-21 2012-09-19 江苏天宏机械工业有限公司 Vertical type clamping horizontal machine tool capable of cutting blank dead head and drill centre hole
CN102922290A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-02-13 安陆火凤凰铝材有限责任公司 Aluminum bar processing device and aluminum bar processing method
CN107398741A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-28 台山市仁丰五金电器有限公司 Numerically controlled machine
CN107598271A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-01-19 广西汽车集团有限公司 Dead head cutter device and method

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20120418

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)