CN102410666B - Method and device for kitchen heat energy utilization - Google Patents

Method and device for kitchen heat energy utilization Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102410666B
CN102410666B CN2011103799169A CN201110379916A CN102410666B CN 102410666 B CN102410666 B CN 102410666B CN 2011103799169 A CN2011103799169 A CN 2011103799169A CN 201110379916 A CN201110379916 A CN 201110379916A CN 102410666 B CN102410666 B CN 102410666B
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air
kitchen
evaporimeter
heat
heat energy
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CN102410666A (en
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侯全舵
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XIAMEN E-TEC ELECTRIC SHOWER Co.,Ltd.
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侯全舵
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/274Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies using waste energy, e.g. from internal combustion engine

Abstract

The invention provides a method and a device for kitchen heat energy utilization. The device comprises a casing, an evaporator, a compressor, a heat exchanger, a water heating device, and an air duct device, wherein the evaporator, the compressor and the heat exchanger are connected through a pipeline to form a refrigerant loop; the water heating device comprises a water tank and the heat exchanger is arranged on the water tank; a first air inlet, a first air outlet and an exhaust outlet are arranged on the casing, and the first air outlet is located above the first air inlet; the air duct device comprises an air duct and a blower arranged therein, and the air duct comprises a lower air duct and an upper air duct connected together; the evaporator is arranged at a second air inlet of the lower air duct; the upper air duct is provided with a second air outlet and a third air outlet, the second air outlet is connected with the first air outlet, and the third air outlet is connected with the exhaust outlet; and a wind direction converting device used for converting the open/close of the second air outlet and the third air outlet is arranged in the upper air duct. The invention realizes full utilization of kitchen heat energy.

Description

Kitchen heat energy utilization method and device
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of heat pumps, relate in particular to a kind of kitchen heat energy utilization method and device.
Background technology
At present, along with growth in the living standard, more and more hommization of the kitchen utilities in the kitchen.Usually be equipped with smoke exhaust ventilator and electric heater etc. in the kitchen, wherein smoke exhaust ventilator can be effectively with oil smoke discharge to outdoor, and electric heater can make things convenient for the user to scrub for the user provides hot water.But, in the process that the user cooks, can save bit by bit a large amount of heats in the kitchen.The user needed to stand high temperature and cooked in the kitchen summer, and need expend a large amount of electric energy heat hot water by electric heater and be used to scrub, and the heat of saving bit by bit in the kitchen does not make full use of and slatterns.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of kitchen heat energy utilization method and device,, realize making full use of the heat in kitchen in order to the defective that the heat that solves kitchen in the prior art does not make full use of.
The invention provides a kind of kitchen heat energy utilization method, comprising: summer mode and winter mode;
One, summer mode is specific as follows:
The air that has heat in the kitchen is at the dirty pervaporation device of the effect of blower fan, and airborne heat is absorbed by the cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter, and air themperature reduces rapidly, becomes cold air drainage in the kitchen;
Cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter absorbs and is converted into low-temp low-pressure gas behind the heat and enters into compressor and compress processing;
The high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant of exporting in the compressor enters into heat exchanger, to pass through the water in the heat exchanger heating water tank;
High-temperature high-pressure refrigerant in the heat exchanger is converted into the heat that gas liquid mixture enters into evaporimeter absorption air in kitchen through being converted to the cryogenic high pressure cold-producing medium after the heat release after the expansion gear throttling;
Two, winter mode is specific as follows:
The air that has heat in the kitchen is at the dirty pervaporation device of the effect of blower fan, and airborne heat is absorbed by the cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter, and air themperature reduces rapidly, and it is outdoor to become cold air drainage.
Cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter absorbs and is converted into low-temp low-pressure gas behind the heat and enters into compressor and compress processing;
The high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant of exporting in the compressor enters into heat exchanger, to pass through the water in the heat exchanger heating water tank;
High-temperature high-pressure refrigerant in the heat exchanger is converted into the heat that gas liquid mixture enters into evaporimeter absorption air in kitchen through being converted to the cryogenic high pressure cold-producing medium after the heat release after the expansion gear throttling;
Kitchen provided by the invention heat energy utilization method, absorb the heat of kitchen hot gas of generation when cooking by evaporimeter, the cold-producing medium of evaporimeter output is handled back formation high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant through compressor compresses and is entered into the water of heat exchanger heating water tank, thereby can make full use of the heat energy in kitchen; And after having the cold-producing medium heat absorption of air in passing through evaporimeter of heat energy in the kitchen, air themperature reduces rapidly, become cold air, when the kitchen temperature is too high, the cold air that evaporimeter forms can be transported in the kitchen to reduce the temperature in kitchen, make user's cooking environments more comfortable, realize having made full use of the heat in kitchen and effectively improved the environment in kitchen; And can effectively carry out dehumidification treatments to the kitchen by evaporimeter, the hot gas that contains a large amount of steam in the kitchen is during by evaporimeter, steam condenses into the globule on evaporimeter, thus the function that realization is dried, thus the kitchen is under the suitable temperature and humidity.
The invention provides a kind of kitchen heat energy utilization device of realizing above-mentioned kitchen heat energy utilization method, comprise shell, evaporimeter, compressor, heat exchanger, hot-water apparatus and air-duct apparatus, described evaporimeter, described compressor, described heat exchanger, described hot-water apparatus and described air-duct apparatus are arranged in the described shell, described evaporimeter, described compressor and described heat exchanger are joined together to form refrigerant loop by pipeline, described hot-water apparatus comprises water tank, and described heat exchanger is arranged on the described water tank; Offer first air inlet, first air outlet and exhaust outlet on the described shell, described first air outlet is positioned at the top of described first air inlet; Described air-duct apparatus comprises air channel and blower fan, described blower fan is arranged in the described air channel, described air channel comprises lower air duct and the upper air duct that links together, described evaporimeter is arranged on the second air inlet place of described lower air duct, described upper air duct is provided with second air outlet and the 3rd air outlet, described second air outlet is connected with described first air outlet, described the 3rd air outlet is connected with described exhaust outlet, is provided with the wind direction conversion equipment that is used to change described second air outlet and described the 3rd air outlet switch in the described upper air duct.
Kitchen provided by the invention heat energy utilization device, absorb the heat of kitchen hot gas of generation when cooking by evaporimeter, the cold-producing medium of evaporimeter output is handled back formation high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant through compressor compresses and is entered into the water of heat exchanger heating water tank, thereby can make full use of the heat energy in kitchen; And the air that has heat energy in the kitchen becomes cold wind after by evaporimeter, when the kitchen temperature is too high, the cold wind that evaporimeter forms can be transported in the kitchen to reduce the temperature in kitchen, make user's cooking environments more comfortable, realize having made full use of the heat in kitchen and effectively improved the environment in kitchen; In addition, by air-duct apparatus is set, can make things convenient for the user to change the trend of the cold wind that generates by evaporimeter as required, make the user can be when the kitchen temperature is too high, timely cold wind is transported in the kitchen, and when the kitchen temperature is suitable, effectively cold wind is transported to the outside in kitchen; And can effectively carry out dehumidification treatments to the kitchen by evaporimeter, the hot gas that contains a large amount of steam in the kitchen is during by evaporimeter, steam condenses into the globule on evaporimeter, thus the function that realization is dried, thus the kitchen is under the suitable temperature and humidity.
Aforesaid kitchen heat energy utilization device, described wind direction conversion equipment comprises first guide chute, second guide chute and the deep bead that is arranged in the described upper air duct, described first guide chute is near described second air outlet, described second guide chute is near described the 3rd air outlet, and described deep bead is slidingly installed in described first guide chute or described second guide chute.
Aforesaid kitchen heat energy utilization device, described wind direction conversion equipment also comprises motor, described motor is installed in the outside of described upper air duct; Described first guide chute and described second guide chute form circular guide chute, and described deep bead is an arcuate structure, and described motor is connected with described deep bead, rotate in circular guide chute to drive deep bead.
Aforesaid kitchen heat energy utilization device, the both sides of described upper air duct are provided with two limit switches, and described limit switch is connected with described motor communication.
Aforesaid kitchen heat energy utilization device, described deep bead comprises a plurality of baffle plates, adjacent two baffle plates link together by rotating shaft.
Aforesaid kitchen heat energy utilization device, described evaporimeter is positioned at a side of described first air inlet, and the below of described evaporimeter is provided with drip tray.
Aforesaid kitchen heat energy utilization device, described lower air duct offers a plurality of second air inlets, and described evaporimeter covers in described second air inlet.
Aforesaid kitchen heat energy utilization device, described hot-water apparatus also comprises electric heater, described electric heater is arranged in the described water tank.
Aforesaid kitchen heat energy utilization device, described hot-water apparatus also comprises controllable silicon and temperature sensor, described controllable silicon is arranged on the water inlet pipe of described water tank, described temperature sensor is arranged on the outlet pipe place of described water tank, and described controllable silicon is connected with described electric heater communication with described temperature sensor respectively.
Description of drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to do one to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or the description of the Prior Art below introduces simply, apparently, accompanying drawing in describing below is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, under the prerequisite of not paying creative work, can also obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of kitchen heat energy utilization device embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of kitchen heat energy utilization device embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the right view of kitchen heat energy utilization device embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of hot-water apparatus among the kitchen heat energy utilization device embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the stereogram one of wind direction conversion equipment among the kitchen heat energy utilization device embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the vertical view among Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of upper air duct among the kitchen heat energy utilization device embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the stereogram two of wind direction conversion equipment among the kitchen heat energy utilization device embodiment of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
For the purpose, technical scheme and the advantage that make the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the invention, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is the present invention's part embodiment, rather than whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment among the present invention, those of ordinary skills belong to the scope of protection of the invention not making the every other embodiment that is obtained under the creative work prerequisite.
Present embodiment kitchen heat energy utilization method comprises: summer mode and winter mode;
One, summer mode is specific as follows:
The air that has heat in the kitchen is at the dirty pervaporation device of the effect of blower fan, and airborne heat is absorbed by the cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter, and air themperature reduces rapidly, becomes cold air drainage in the kitchen;
Cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter absorbs and is converted into low-temp low-pressure gas behind the heat and enters into compressor and compress processing;
The high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant of exporting in the compressor enters into heat exchanger, to pass through the water in the heat exchanger heating water tank;
High-temperature high-pressure refrigerant in the heat exchanger is converted into the heat that gas liquid mixture enters into evaporimeter absorption air in kitchen through being converted to the cryogenic high pressure cold-producing medium after the heat release after the expansion gear throttling;
Two, winter mode is specific as follows:
The air that has heat in the kitchen is at the dirty pervaporation device of the effect of blower fan, and airborne heat is absorbed by the cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter, and air themperature reduces rapidly, and it is outdoor to become cold air drainage.
Cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter absorbs and is converted into low-temp low-pressure gas behind the heat and enters into compressor and compress processing;
The high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant of exporting in the compressor enters into heat exchanger, to pass through the water in the heat exchanger heating water tank;
High-temperature high-pressure refrigerant in the heat exchanger is converted into the heat that gas liquid mixture enters into evaporimeter absorption air in kitchen through being converted to the cryogenic high pressure cold-producing medium after the heat release after the expansion gear throttling;
Kitchen provided by the invention heat energy utilization method, absorb the heat of kitchen hot gas of generation when cooking by evaporimeter, the cold-producing medium of evaporimeter output enters into water tank through compressor compresses processing back formation high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant and adds hot water, thereby can make full use of the heat energy in kitchen; And the air that has heat energy in the kitchen becomes cold wind after by evaporimeter, when the kitchen temperature is too high, the cold wind that evaporimeter forms can be transported in the kitchen to reduce the temperature in kitchen, make user's cooking environments more comfortable, realize having made full use of the heat in kitchen and effectively improved the environment in kitchen; And can effectively carry out dehumidification treatments to the kitchen by evaporimeter, the hot gas that contains a large amount of steam in the kitchen is during by evaporimeter, steam condenses into the globule on evaporimeter, thus the function that realization is dried, thus the kitchen is under the suitable temperature and humidity.
Kitchen provided by the invention heat energy utilization method can adopt kitchen provided by the invention heat energy utilization device to realize that the concrete structure of kitchen heat energy utilization device is as follows:
As Fig. 1-shown in Figure 6, present embodiment kitchen heat energy utilization device, comprise shell 1, evaporimeter 2, compressor 3, heat exchanger 4, hot-water apparatus 5 and air-duct apparatus 6, evaporimeter 2, compressor 3, heat exchanger 4, hot-water apparatus 5 and air-duct apparatus 6 are arranged in the shell 1, evaporimeter 2, compressor 3 and heat exchanger 4 are joined together to form refrigerant loop by pipeline, wherein, can also be provided with expansion gears such as capillary or electric expansion valve between heat exchanger 4 and the evaporimeter 2, enter into evaporimeter 2 again the cold-producing medium of output from heat exchanger 4 is carried out the throttling step-down by expansion gear; Hot-water apparatus 5 comprises water tank 51, and heat exchanger 4 is arranged on the water tank 51, wherein, heat exchanger 4 can be arranged on water tank 51 inside, also can be arranged on the outside of water tank 51, for water tank 51 is incubated, hot-water apparatus 5 can have heat-insulation layer 53 in the outer wrap of water tank 51; Offer first air inlet 11, first air outlet 12 and exhaust outlet 13, the first air outlets 12 on the shell 1 and be positioned at the top of first air inlet 11; Air-duct apparatus 6 comprises air channel 61 and blower fan 62, blower fan 62 is arranged in the air channel 61, air channel 61 comprises lower air duct 611 and the upper air duct 612 that links together, evaporimeter 2 is arranged on second air inlet (not shown) of lower air duct 611 and locates, upper air duct 612 is provided with second air outlet 6121 and the 3rd air outlet 6122, second air outlet 6121 is connected with first air outlet 12, the 3rd air outlet 6122 is connected with exhaust outlet 13, is provided with the wind direction conversion equipment (not shown) that is used to change second air outlet 6121 and the 3rd air outlet 6122 switches in the upper air duct 612.
Particularly, present embodiment kitchen heat energy utilization device can utilize the water in the air heat water tank 51 that has heat energy in the kitchen, in addition, the air that has heat energy in the kitchen can be become cold air, when the kitchen temperature is too high, with cold air drainage in the kitchen to change the temperature in kitchen.The hot gas in kitchen enters into shell 1 by first air inlet 11, and hot gas passes evaporimeter 2, and the cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter 2 will absorb the heat of hot gas, makes the hot gas that passes evaporimeter 2 become cold air and enters into lower air duct 611.Cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter 2 enters into compressor 3 compressions and forms high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant, high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant enters into the water of heat exchanger 4 with heating water tank 51, at last, cold-producing medium flow back in the evaporimeter 2 after by the expansion gear throttling and recycles, the water in a large amount of heat heating water tank 51 that produced when having realized utilizing culinary art in the kitchen by present embodiment kitchen heat energy utilization device; Meanwhile, the cold air that enters into lower air duct 611 is transported to upper air duct 612 under the effect of blower fan 62, when the temperature in the kitchen is too high, can cold air be discharged in the kitchen through second air outlet 6121 and first air outlet 12 by the wind direction conversion equipment, realize reducing the effect of kitchen temperature, and when the kitchen temperature is suitable, can cold air be discharged into the outside, kitchen through the 3rd air outlet 6122 with exhaust outlet 13 by the wind direction conversion equipment.As from the foregoing, can make full use of the water in the heat heating water tank 51 of saving bit by bit in the kitchen in the cooking process by present embodiment kitchen heat energy utilization device, so that utilize the hot water in the water tank 51 to scrub the user; And enter into the cold air in air channel 61 by evaporimeter 2, and can when needing, the user be drained in the kitchen, regulate the temperature in kitchen, and make the user have excellent cooking environments.Simultaneously, a large amount of steam that contain in the hot gas form the globule on the surface of evaporimeter 2 in the process of passing evaporimeter 2, thereby have effectively reduced the humidity in kitchen.
Further, wind direction conversion equipment in the present embodiment can adopt various ways, for example: can the selective switch air door be set at second air outlet 6121 and the 3rd air outlet 6122, preferably, as Fig. 5-shown in Figure 6, wind direction conversion equipment in the present embodiment can comprise first guide chute 63, second guide chute 64 and the deep bead 65 that is arranged in the upper air duct, first guide chute 63 is near second air outlet 6121, second guide chute 64 is near the 3rd air outlet 6122, and deep bead 65 is slidingly installed in first guide chute 63 or second guide chute 64.Concrete, be slidingly installed in first guide chute 63 or second guide chute 64 by selecting deep bead 65, can realize optionally closing second air outlet 6121 and the 3rd air outlet 6122 by deep bead 65.When the user need be incorporated into cold wind in the kitchen, be inserted in second guide chute 64 by deep bead 65 the 3rd air outlet 6122 is sheltered from, cold wind can only be drained in the kitchen by second air outlet 6121; And when the user does not need to be incorporated into cold wind in the kitchen, be inserted in by deep bead 65 and in second guide chute 64 second air outlet 6121 sheltered from, make cold wind be discharged to the outside, kitchen by the 3rd air outlet 6122.Wherein, the blower fan 62 in the present embodiment can be arranged on lower air duct 611, also can be arranged on upper air duct 612, and preferred, blower fan 62 is arranged between first guide chute 63 and second guide chute 64.For the switch of realize automaticallying switch second air outlet 6121 and the 3rd air outlet 6122, the wind direction conversion equipment in the present embodiment also comprises motor 66, and motor 66 is installed in the outside of upper air duct 612; First guide chute 63 and second guide chute 64 form circular guide chute, and deep bead 65 is an arcuate structure, and motor 66 is connected with deep bead 65, rotate in circular guide chute to drive deep bead 65.Drive deep bead 65 by motor 66 and in circular guide chute, rotate, can realize controlling automatically deep bead 65 and rotate the switch of second air outlet 6121 and the 3rd air outlet 6122 thereby the user can be automaticallyed switch as required.For the anglec of rotation of controlling deep bead 65 accurately to guarantee deep bead effective closure second air outlet 6121 or the 3rd air outlet 6122, the both sides of the upper air duct 612 in the present embodiment are provided with two limit switches 67, and limit switch 67 is connected with motor 66 communications.Concrete, limit switch 67 is arranged on the both sides in air channel 612, after deep bead 65 touches wherein a limit switch 67, limit switch 67 will be controlled motor 66 and stop operating, and make deep bead 65 can seal second air outlet 6121 or the 3rd air outlet 6122 in appropriate position.Same, as shown in Figure 7, wind direction conversion equipment in the present embodiment can adopt second air outlet 6121 or the 3rd air outlet 6122 of manual mode selector switch upper air duct 612, concrete, deep bead 65 in the present embodiment comprises a plurality of baffle plates 651, adjacent two baffle plates 651 link together by rotating shaft, and the user manually is inserted in deep bead 651 in first guide chute 63 or second guide chute 64, realizes with manual mode selector switch second air outlet 6121 or the 3rd air outlet 6122.
Further again, as Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 5, the evaporimeter 2 in the present embodiment can be positioned at a side of first air inlet 11, and the below of evaporimeter 2 is provided with drip tray 21.Concrete, the evaporimeter 2 in the present embodiment is set directly at a side of first air inlet 11, and the hot gas in kitchen directly passes evaporimeter 2 by first air inlet 11 and enters into lower air duct 611.And the water that drip tray 21 condenses and forms on can effective collection evaporimeter 2, preferred, drip tray 21 can be obliquely installed, and is connected with draining pump in the lower end of drip tray 21, by draining pump water is discharged.Same, as shown in Figure 8, the lower air duct 611 in the present embodiment can offer a plurality of second air inlets, and evaporimeter 2 covers in second air inlet.Concrete, absorb the heat energy in kitchen for more efficient use evaporimeter 2, lower air duct 611 in the present embodiment can offer a plurality of second air inlets, and is corresponding, and evaporimeter 2 is set to L shaped structure or U-shaped structure and shelters from covering and be positioned at not second air inlet on the coplanar of lower air duct 611.
Further, the hot-water apparatus 5 in the present embodiment can also comprise electric heater 52, and electric heater 52 is arranged in the water tank 51.Concrete, the water of the electric heater 52 in the present embodiment in can water tank 51 heats, thereby guarantees the hot water of water tank 51 output sufficient temps.Preferably, in order to make the hot water of hot-water apparatus 5 output constant temperature, hot-water apparatus 5 in the present embodiment can also comprise controllable silicon (not shown) and temperature sensor (not shown), controllable silicon is arranged on the water inlet pipe 511 of water tank 51, temperature sensor is arranged on outlet pipe 512 places of water tank 51, and controllable silicon is connected with electric heater 52 with temperature sensor respectively.Detect the water temperature that water tank 51 is exported hot water by temperature sensor, and temperature signal is fed back to controllable silicon, can pass through the power of SCR control electric heater 52, thereby guarantee the hot water of water tank 51 output constant temperature.In addition, the outlet pipe 512 of water tank 51 can be L shaped structure in the present embodiment, the opening of the VERTICAL TUBE of outlet pipe 512 is positioned at the top of described water tank 51, with guarantee water in the water tank 51 can fully absorb heat after again by outlet pipe 512 outputs, and be arranged with electric heater 52 on the outlet pipe 512, with the temperature of the hot water by the output of electric heater 52 Fast Heating.
Present embodiment kitchen heat energy utilization device, absorb the heat of kitchen hot gas of generation when cooking by evaporimeter, the cold-producing medium of evaporimeter output enters into water tank through compressor compresses processing back formation high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant and adds hot water, thereby can make full use of the heat energy in kitchen; And the air that has heat energy in the kitchen becomes cold wind after by evaporimeter, when the kitchen temperature is too high, the cold wind that evaporimeter forms can be transported in the kitchen to reduce the temperature in kitchen, make user's cooking environments more comfortable, realize having made full use of the heat in kitchen and effectively improved the environment in kitchen; In addition, by air-duct apparatus is set, can make things convenient for the user to change the trend of the cold wind that generates by evaporimeter as required, make the user can be when the kitchen temperature is too high, timely cold wind is transported in the kitchen, and when the kitchen temperature is suitable, effectively cold wind is transported to the outside in kitchen; And can effectively carry out dehumidification treatments to the kitchen by evaporimeter, the hot gas that contains a large amount of steam in the kitchen is during by evaporimeter, steam condenses into the globule on evaporimeter, thus the function that realization is dried, thus the kitchen is under the suitable temperature and humidity.
It should be noted that at last: above embodiment only in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, is not intended to limit; Although with reference to previous embodiment the present invention is had been described in detail, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: it still can be made amendment to the technical scheme that aforementioned each embodiment put down in writing, and perhaps part technical characterictic wherein is equal to replacement; And these modifications or replacement do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution break away from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (9)

1. kitchen heat energy utilization device, it is characterized in that, comprise shell, evaporimeter, compressor, heat exchanger, hot-water apparatus and air-duct apparatus, described evaporimeter, described compressor, described heat exchanger, described hot-water apparatus and described air-duct apparatus are arranged in the described shell, described evaporimeter, described compressor and described heat exchanger are joined together to form refrigerant loop by pipeline, described hot-water apparatus comprises water tank, and described heat exchanger is arranged on the described water tank; Offer first air inlet, first air outlet and exhaust outlet on the described shell, described first air outlet is positioned at the top of described first air inlet; Described air-duct apparatus comprises air channel and blower fan, described blower fan is arranged in the described air channel, described air channel comprises lower air duct and the upper air duct that links together, described evaporimeter is arranged on the second air inlet place of described lower air duct, described upper air duct is provided with second air outlet and the 3rd air outlet, described second air outlet is connected with described first air outlet, described the 3rd air outlet is connected with described exhaust outlet, is provided with the wind direction conversion equipment that is used to change described second air outlet and described the 3rd air outlet switch in the described upper air duct;
Described kitchen heat energy utilization device utilizes the method for kitchen heat energy, comprising: summer mode and winter mode;
One, summer mode is specific as follows:
The air that has heat in the kitchen is at the dirty pervaporation device of the effect of blower fan, and airborne heat is absorbed by the cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter, and air themperature reduces rapidly, becomes cold air drainage in the kitchen;
Cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter absorbs and is converted into low-temp low-pressure gas behind the heat and enters into compressor and compress processing;
The high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant of exporting in the compressor enters into heat exchanger, to pass through the water in the heat exchanger heating water tank;
High-temperature high-pressure refrigerant in the heat exchanger is converted into the heat that gas liquid mixture enters into evaporimeter absorption air in kitchen through being converted to the cryogenic high pressure cold-producing medium after the heat release after the expansion gear throttling;
Two, winter mode is specific as follows:
The air that has heat in the kitchen is at the dirty pervaporation device of the effect of blower fan, and airborne heat is absorbed by the cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter, and air themperature reduces rapidly, and it is outdoor to become cold air drainage;
Cold-producing medium in the evaporimeter absorbs and is converted into low-temp low-pressure gas behind the heat and enters into compressor and compress processing;
The high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant of exporting in the compressor enters into heat exchanger, to pass through the water in the heat exchanger heating water tank;
High-temperature high-pressure refrigerant in the heat exchanger is converted into the heat that gas liquid mixture enters into evaporimeter absorption air in kitchen through being converted to the cryogenic high pressure cold-producing medium after the heat release after the expansion gear throttling.
2. kitchen according to claim 1 heat energy utilization device, it is characterized in that, described wind direction conversion equipment comprises first guide chute, second guide chute and the deep bead that is arranged in the described upper air duct, described first guide chute is near described second air outlet, described second guide chute is near described the 3rd air outlet, and described deep bead is located in described first guide chute and described second guide chute.
3. kitchen according to claim 2 heat energy utilization device is characterized in that described wind direction conversion equipment also comprises motor, and described motor is installed in the outside of described upper air duct; Described first guide chute and described second guide chute form circular guide chute, and described deep bead is an arcuate structure, and described motor is connected with described deep bead, rotate in circular guide chute to drive deep bead.
4. kitchen according to claim 3 heat energy utilization device is characterized in that the both sides of described upper air duct are provided with two limit switches, and described limit switch is connected with described motor communication.
5. kitchen according to claim 2 heat energy utilization device is characterized in that described deep bead comprises a plurality of baffle plates, and adjacent two described baffle plates link together by rotating shaft.
6. kitchen according to claim 1 heat energy utilization device is characterized in that described evaporimeter is positioned at a side of described first air inlet, and the below of described evaporimeter is provided with drip tray.
7. kitchen according to claim 6 heat energy utilization device is characterized in that described lower air duct offers a plurality of second air inlets, and described evaporimeter covers in described second air inlet.
8. kitchen according to claim 1 heat energy utilization device is characterized in that described hot-water apparatus also comprises electric heater, and described electric heater is arranged in the described water tank.
9. kitchen according to claim 1 heat energy utilization device, it is characterized in that, described hot-water apparatus also comprises controllable silicon and temperature sensor, described controllable silicon is arranged on the water inlet pipe of described water tank, described temperature sensor is arranged on the outlet pipe place of described water tank, and described controllable silicon is connected with described electric heater communication with described temperature sensor respectively.
CN2011103799169A 2011-11-25 2011-11-25 Method and device for kitchen heat energy utilization Active CN102410666B (en)

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CN106580218B (en) * 2015-10-16 2021-03-02 青岛海尔洗碗机有限公司 Heat pump type dish washing machine and control method thereof
CN110360700A (en) * 2018-04-09 2019-10-22 宁波方太厨具有限公司 A kind of air in kitchen regulating system
CN110594818A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-20 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Range hood and control method thereof

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CN102230643A (en) * 2011-06-24 2011-11-02 东莞市新时代新能源科技有限公司 Novel multifunctional range hood
CN202350378U (en) * 2011-11-25 2012-07-25 侯全舵 Kitchen heat energy utilization device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1299034A (en) * 1999-12-03 2001-06-13 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Cooking fume exhauster with refrigerating function
CN1451913A (en) * 2003-05-20 2003-10-29 徐剑光 Cooking fume exhauster with refrigerating and air purifying treatment functions
CN1474097A (en) * 2003-07-19 2004-02-11 江苏白雪电器股份有限公司 Double-purpose air conditioner and fume exhaust fan
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