CN102410602A - Window type adjustable angle photovoltaic sun-shading and ventilating device and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Window type adjustable angle photovoltaic sun-shading and ventilating device and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102410602A
CN102410602A CN2011103391198A CN201110339119A CN102410602A CN 102410602 A CN102410602 A CN 102410602A CN 2011103391198 A CN2011103391198 A CN 2011103391198A CN 201110339119 A CN201110339119 A CN 201110339119A CN 102410602 A CN102410602 A CN 102410602A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fan
window
photovoltaic
building
travelling gear
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011103391198A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
鞠晓磊
张广宇
张鹏
鲁永飞
张哲�
赵希
姜中天
杨小东
张磊
刘燕辉
梁咏华
曾雁
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China Architecture Design and Research Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China Architecture Design and Research Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Architecture Design and Research Group Co Ltd filed Critical China Architecture Design and Research Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011103391198A priority Critical patent/CN102410602A/en
Publication of CN102410602A publication Critical patent/CN102410602A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a window type adjustable angle photovoltaic sun-shading and ventilating device and a construction method thereof. The window type adjustable angle photovoltaic sun-shading and ventilating device comprises a power source and a direct-current fan, wherein the power source comprises an alternating-current power supply and a photovoltaic sun-shading plate made of a crystalline silicon photovoltaic plate, wherein the width of the photovoltaic sun-shading plate is more than that of a building outer window, the photovoltaic sun-shading plate is provided with a fixing shaft, a bearing is sleeved on the fixing shaft, the photovoltaic sun-shading plate is rotatably connected to a support rod through the fixing shaft and the bearing, the support rod is fixedly connected to the outer wall of a building sunny side above the building outer window; a driven gear is rotatably connected to the fixing shaft coaxially, the support rod is provided with a sliding chute, the sliding chute is internally provided with a rack meshed with the driven gear, and the rack is connected with a control rod positioned in a room through a gear transmission mechanism. The window type adjustable angle photovoltaic sun-shading and ventilating device provides electric power for the fan by using the photovoltaic sun-shading plate so as to convey fresh air for the room, and is clean and comfortable; and the photovoltaic sun-shading plate can provide the electric power for the direct-current fan, and has a sun-shading function.

Description

Wind devices and construction method thereof are changed in the sunshade of window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ventilation equipment and construction method thereof that is installed on the house window.
Background technology
Along with heliotechnics and development of material technology, heliotechnics and building relevant device are become the pith of solar energy and architecture-integral in gathering mutually, significant for the building energy conservation reduction of discharging.It is room ventilation that traditional ventilation equipment must rely on electric energy to drive blower fan; Be unfavorable for that building energy conservation reduces discharging; Along with the promulgation of " regenerative resource method ", utilize the technology of solar energy more and more under construction, utilize heliotechnics to arise at the historic moment for the equipment of building ventilation.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide the sunshade of a kind of window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic and change wind devices and construction method thereof, solve electric energy that traditional house ventilation equipment must consume AC power, be unfavorable for the technical problem that building energy conservation reduces discharging; And the sunshade problem at solution building sunny side window place.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose; The present invention adopts following technical scheme: wind devices is changed in the sunshade of a kind of window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic; Comprise power source and dc fan, it is characterized in that: said power source comprises AC power and the photovoltaic sunshading board of being processed by the crystalline silicon photovoltaic plate, and the width of said photovoltaic sunshading board is greater than the width of external window of building; The photovoltaic sunshading board is provided with fixed axis; Be with bearing on the fixed axis, the photovoltaic sunshading board is rotatably connected on the support bar through fixed axis and bearing, and support bar is fixedly connected on again on the building sunny side exterior wall of external window of building top.
On the said fixed axis also coaxial rotation be connected with driven gear, have chute on the said support bar, be provided with the tooth bar that is meshed with driven gear in the chute, tooth bar also through gear drive be positioned at indoor control lever and be connected.
Said dc fan is fixedly connected on through the blower fan fixture in the fan housing of tubular, and fan housing is fixedly connected on again on the outer window frame of building, and the air intake of fan housing is positioned at outdoor and is provided with fly net, and the outlet air end of fan housing is positioned at indoor and is provided with air door.
Said dc fan is connected with direct current stabilizer, and AC power is connected with the switch that exchanges commentaries on classics single flow rectifier and band socket, and dc fan is connected through simply connected double control switch and the convertible two controls of photovoltaic sunshading board and AC power.
Said gear drive comprises travelling gear one, travelling gear two, drive link, travelling gear three and travelling gear four; Said travelling gear one coaxial being rotatably connected on the control lever; Travelling gear two coaxial rotation are connected an end of drive link and are meshed with travelling gear one; Travelling gear three coaxial rotation are connected the other end of drive link and are meshed with travelling gear four, and travelling gear four is meshed with tooth bar again.
The said fan housing side's of can be tubular or cylindrical shape.
Said direct current stabilizer can be positioned at fan housing, exchanges the switch and the simply connected double control switch that change single flow rectifier, band socket and can be positioned at indoor.
The ventilation of said dc fan can be greater than 200m 3/ h.
The construction method that wind devices is changed in the sunshade of a kind of window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic; It is characterized in that step is following: step 1, the glass pane on the external window of building is unloaded; The fan housing that is built-in with direct current stabilizer and dc fan, has fly net and an air door is simultaneously filled in the window frame of external window of building, and the window frame of fan housing and external window of building is fixed together.
Step 2, support bar is fixed on the building sunny side exterior wall.
Step 3, tooth bar and photovoltaic sunshading board are installed on support bar,, between tooth bar and control lever, gear drive are set at the indoor control lever that is provided with.
Step 4, switch and dc fan that photovoltaic sunshading board, direct current stabilizer, AC power, interchange are changeed single flow rectifier, simply connected double control switch, band socket are electrically connected.
In the said step 1, fan housing can be connected with the window frame of external window of building through the set bolt of fan housing side.
In the said step 2, support bar can be connected on the building sunny side exterior wall through collided gudgeon.
Compared with prior art the present invention has following characteristics and beneficial effect: 1, the present invention utilizes the photovoltaic sunshading board for blower fan electric power to be provided, thereby is the new wind of the indoor conveying in house, cleaning, comfortable.
2, because solar energy resources is inexhaustible, not only can reduce investment so utilize solar energy to ventilate, improve economy, and environmental protection very, energy-conservation.
4, the present invention is installed on the house window, installs simplyr, does not need metope to punch, and does not also need in the wall hole filled polyurethane, body of wall both sides sealing to handle, and does not destroy metope ways such as original metope is incubated, plasters, and is workable.
5, the present invention has removed the ventilator of usefulness through walls, has reduced element of installation, has shortened the distance of dc fan and air outlet, has reduced new wind blast in ducted loss, and air-supply efficient is higher.
6, the present invention from indoor promptly detachable, change and clean parts, so operation maintenance is more convenient.
7, said photovoltaic sunshading board is arranged on the building sunny side exterior wall of window top; Not only can electric power be provided for dc fan; Also has sunshade function simultaneously; Its optimum width draws according to the height of local latitude and window, can block from the sunlight (Northern Hemisphere area) of direct projection during April 11 to August 31 to the window, can avoid the indoor overheating in summer.
8, the photovoltaic sunshading board is arranged on the building sunny side exterior wall of window top, can shelter from parts such as fan housing, dc fan fully, so fundamentally avoided the influences such as corrosion to blower fan such as rain, snow, has improved service life of equipment.
But 9, photovoltaic sunshading board manual adjustment angle helps controlling the bright and dark light of architecture indoor.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is done further detailed explanation.
Fig. 1 is that the present invention is installed in the sketch map on the building.
Fig. 2 is the decomposing schematic representation of each part of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an installation and combination sketch map of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the sketch map of circuit working of the present invention system.
Fig. 5 is that the photovoltaic sunshading board is connected with support bar and adjustable principle schematic.
Fig. 6 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 5.
Reference numeral: 1-support bar; 2-photovoltaic sunshading board; The 3-fly net; The 4-direct current stabilizer; The 5-fan housing; The 6-dc fan; 7-blower fan fixture; The 8-external window of building; The 9-air door; 10-exchanges changes the single flow rectifier; 11-simply connected double control switch; The switch of 12-band socket; The 13-AC power; The 14-fixed axis; The 15-driven gear; The 16-tooth bar; The 17-gear drive; 17.1-travelling gear one; 17.2-travelling gear two; 17.3-drive link; 17.4-travelling gear three; 17.5-travelling gear four; The 18-control lever; The 19-bearing; The 20-chute.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment is referring to Fig. 1-3, Fig. 5, shown in Figure 6; Wind devices is changed in the sunshade of this window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic; Comprise power source and dc fan 6, said power source comprises AC power 13 and the photovoltaic sunshading board of being processed by the crystalline silicon photovoltaic plate 2, and the width of said photovoltaic sunshading board 2 is greater than the width of external window of building 8; Photovoltaic sunshading board 2 is provided with fixed axis 14; Be with bearing 19 on the fixed axis 14, photovoltaic sunshading board 2 is rotatably connected on the support bar 1 through fixed axis 14 and bearing 19, and support bar 1 is fixedly connected on again on the building sunny side exterior wall of external window of building 8 tops.Said dc fan 6 is fixedly connected on through blower fan fixture 7 in the fan housing 5 of tubular, and fan housing 5 is fixedly connected on again on the window frame of external window of building 8, and the air intake of fan housing 5 is positioned at outdoor and is provided with fly net 3, and the outlet air end of fan housing 5 is positioned at indoor and is provided with air door 9.Fan housing 5 side's of can be tubular or cylindrical shapes, the side's of being tubular in the present embodiment.
Referring to Fig. 4; Said dc fan 6 is connected with direct current stabilizer 4; AC power 13 is connected with the switch 12 that exchanges commentaries on classics single flow rectifier 10 and band socket, and dc fan 6 is connected with photovoltaic sunshading board 2 and AC power 13 convertible two controls through simply connected double control switch 11.Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, said direct current stabilizer 4 is positioned at fan housing 5, exchanges the switch 12 and the simply connected double control switch 11 that change single flow rectifier 10, band socket and is positioned at indoor.
Referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 6; Go back coaxial rotation on the said fixed axis 14 and be connected with driven gear 15; Have chute 20 on the said support bar 1, be provided with the tooth bar 16 that is meshed with driven gear 15 in the chute 20, tooth bar 16 also through gear drive 17 be positioned at indoor control lever 18 and be connected.Said gear drive 17 comprises travelling gear 1, travelling gear 2 17.2, drive link 17.3, travelling gear 3 17.4 and travelling gear 4 17.5; Said travelling gear one 17.1 coaxial rotation are connected on the control lever 18; Travelling gear 2 17.2 coaxial rotation are connected an end of drive link 17.3 and are meshed with travelling gear 1; Travelling gear 3 17.4 coaxial rotation are connected the other end of drive link 17.3 and are meshed with travelling gear 4 17.5, and travelling gear 4 17.5 is meshed with tooth bar 16 again.
The angular adjustment method of said photovoltaic sunshading board 2: be connected through bearing 19 between photovoltaic sunshading board 2 and the support bar 1; Support bar 1 is provided with chute 20; Being provided with in the chute 20 can be along the tooth bar 16 of chute 20 slips; Tooth bar 16 both with photovoltaic sunshading board 2 on driven gear 15 engagement, again through gear drive 17 be positioned at indoor control lever 18 and be connected.When the solar energy elevation angle changes, Spin Control bar 18, control lever 18 drives tooth bar 16 through gear drive 17 and slides along chute, and tooth bar 16 drives driven gear 15 again and rotates, thereby drives 2 rotations of photovoltaic sunshading board, thereby reaches the sunshade purpose.
The present invention be installed in can direct sunkissed exterior window on, on, east orientation window, the sun-shading ventilating effect when wherein being positioned at the south orientation window is best such as the south orientation of building, west.
Said photovoltaic sunshading board 2 is connected with dc fan through direct current stabilizer 4; For dc fan provides electric power; When sunlight is not enough, can changes single flow rectifier 10 and switch to the municipal administration power supply with exchanging through simply connected double control switch 11, said interchange change single flow rectifier 10 be used for switching directly, alternating current.
Said direct current stabilizer 4 can press unsettled electric current to be converted into the stable electric current of voltage photovoltaic sunshading board 2 electricity, and supplies with dc fan 6.Single flow rectifier 10 is changeed in said interchange can be converted into direct current with civil power 220V alternating current.
Said photovoltaic sunshading board 2 is positioned at the top of external window of building 8; Be connected through electric wire with direct current stabilizer 4; Be used in the block sunlight inlet chamber and produce electric power; The width of photovoltaic sunshading board 2 can block between April 11 to August 31 sunlight that gets into exterior window, does not influence the situation at indoor sunshine of other times.
In the present embodiment, dc fan 6 is a direct current shaft type blower fan, and the outline of dc fan is a square, and dc fan is arranged in fan housing inside, is close to exterior window outer surface ventilation greater than 200m3/h.
Said fan housing 5 is arranged in the exterior window outside, and the material of fan housing is a galvanized steel plain sheet, and fan housing leans on an indoor side to be provided with adjustable blinds and air door 9, and said adjustable blinds is regulated the size of intake, and said air door 9 is controlled the unlatching of fan housings or closed.
The axle center of said dc fan 6 and the center of circle of airduct and the central point that is fixed on the indoor air inlet 9 on the exterior window inner surface are on a straight line perpendicular to exterior window.
Fan housing leans on an indoor side that indoor air inlet is arranged; The below of indoor air inlet is provided with switch enclosure; Switch enclosure is fixed on the window abutment wall inner surface, and said simply connected double control switch 11 is arranged in the switch enclosure with the switch 12 of band socket, and wherein the switch 12 with socket connects the attaching plug that has interchange commentaries on classics single flow rectifier 10; And be connected with AC power 13 (being civil power), simply connected double control switch 11 is with photovoltaic sunshading board 2, voltage-stablizer 4 and exchange and change single flow rectifier 10 and be connected.The connecting line that is connected between each electrical equipment can be attached to windowsill within the walls on the surface through wire casing.
The course of work of the present invention: when daytime is sunny, simply connected double control switch 11 is transferred to photovoltaic sunshading board 2 is connected, this is that photovoltaic sunshading board electricity rotates through voltage-stablizer 4 voltage stabilizing rear drive dc fans 6, is the new wind of indoor conveying; When night or sunshine are not enough; Simply connected double control switch 11 is transferred to exchanging to be changeed single flow rectifier 10 and links to each other, and with switch 12 closures of band socket, at this moment civil power changes the single flow rectifier and becomes direct current through exchanging; Drive dc fan 6 then and rotate, be the new wind of indoor conveying.
The construction method that wind devices is changed in the sunshade of described window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic; Its step is following: step 1, the glass pane of external window of building 8 tops one side is unloaded; Fill in the window frame of external window of building 8 being built-in with the fan housing 5 that direct current stabilizer 4 has fly net 3 and an air door 9 with dc fan 6, simultaneously, fan housing 5 is fixed together through the set bolt of fan housing side and the window frame of external window of building 8; Step 2, support bar 1 is fixed on the building sunny side exterior wall through collided gudgeon; Step 3, tooth bar 16 and photovoltaic sunshading board 2 are installed on support bar 1,, between tooth bar 16 and control lever 18, gear drive 17 are set at the indoor control lever 18 that is provided with; Step 4, with photovoltaic sunshading board 2, direct current stabilizer 4, AC power 13, exchange the switch 12 and the dc fan 6 that change single flow rectifier 10, simply connected double control switch 11, band socket and be electrically connected.

Claims (8)

1. wind devices is changed in window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic sunshade; Comprise power source and dc fan (6); It is characterized in that: said power source comprises AC power (13) and the photovoltaic sunshading board of being processed by the crystalline silicon photovoltaic plate (2); The width of said photovoltaic sunshading board (2) is greater than the width of external window of building (8), and photovoltaic sunshading board (2) is provided with fixed axis (14), is with bearing (19) on the fixed axis (14); Photovoltaic sunshading board (2) is rotatably connected on the support bar (1) through fixed axis (14) and bearing (19), and support bar (1) is fixedly connected on again on the building sunny side exterior wall of external window of building (8) top;
Said fixed axis (14) is gone up also, and coaxial rotation is connected with driven gear (15); Have chute (20) on the said support bar (1); Be provided with the tooth bar (16) that is meshed with driven gear (15) in the chute (20), tooth bar (16) also through gear drive (17) be positioned at indoor control lever (18) and be connected;
Said dc fan (6) is fixedly connected in the fan housing (5) of tubular through blower fan fixture (7); Fan housing (5) is fixedly connected on again on the window frame of external window of building (8); The air intake of fan housing (5) is positioned at outdoor and is provided with fly net (3), and the outlet air end of fan housing (5) is positioned at indoor and is provided with air door (9);
Said dc fan (6) is connected with direct current stabilizer (4); AC power (13) is connected with the switch (12) that exchanges commentaries on classics single flow rectifier (10) and band socket, and dc fan (6) is connected through simply connected double control switch (11) and the convertible two controls of photovoltaic sunshading board (2) and AC power (13).
2. wind devices is changed in window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic according to claim 1 sunshade; It is characterized in that: said gear drive (17) comprises travelling gear one (17.1), travelling gear two (17.2), drive link (17.3), travelling gear three (17.4) and travelling gear four (17.5); Said travelling gear one (17.1) coaxial rotation is connected on the control lever (18); Travelling gear two (17.2) coaxial rotation are connected an end of drive link (17.3) and are meshed with travelling gear one (17.1); Travelling gear three (17.4) coaxial rotation are connected the other end of drive link (17.3) and are meshed with travelling gear four (17.5), and travelling gear four (17.5) is meshed with tooth bar (16) again.
3. wind devices is changed in window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic according to claim 1 sunshade, it is characterized in that: said fan housing (5) is square tubular or cylindrical shape.
4. wind devices is changed in window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic according to claim 1 sunshade; It is characterized in that: said direct current stabilizer (4) is positioned at fan housing (5), exchanges the switch (12) and the simply connected double control switch (11) that change single flow rectifier (10), band socket and is positioned at indoor.
5. wind devices is changed in window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic according to claim 1 sunshade, and it is characterized in that: the ventilation of said dc fan (6) is greater than 200m 3/ h.
6. an aforesaid right requires the construction method that wind devices is changed in the sunshade of any described window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic among the 1-5, it is characterized in that step is following:
Step 1, the glass pane on the external window of building (8) is unloaded; The fan housing (5) that will be built-in with direct current stabilizer (4) and dc fan (6), has fly net (3) and an air door (9) is simultaneously filled in the window frame of external window of building (8), and the window frame of fan housing (5) with external window of building (8) is fixed together;
Step 2, support bar (1) is fixed on the building sunny side exterior wall;
Step 3, tooth bar (16) and photovoltaic sunshading board (2) go up to be installed,, between tooth bar (16) and control lever (18), gear drive (17) to be set at the indoor control lever (18) that is provided with at support bar (1);
Step 4, with photovoltaic sunshading board (2), direct current stabilizer (4), AC power (13), exchange change single flow rectifier (10), simply connected double control switch (11), band socket switch (12) with dc fan (6) electrical connection get up.
7. the construction method that wind devices is changed in window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic according to claim 6 sunshade is characterized in that: in the said step 1, fan housing (5) is connected with the window frame of external window of building (8) through the set bolt of fan housing side.
8. the construction method that wind devices is changed in window formula angle adjustable photovoltaic according to claim 6 sunshade is characterized in that: in the said step 2, support bar (1) is connected on the building sunny side exterior wall through collided gudgeon.
CN2011103391198A 2011-11-01 2011-11-01 Window type adjustable angle photovoltaic sun-shading and ventilating device and construction method thereof Pending CN102410602A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103391198A CN102410602A (en) 2011-11-01 2011-11-01 Window type adjustable angle photovoltaic sun-shading and ventilating device and construction method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103391198A CN102410602A (en) 2011-11-01 2011-11-01 Window type adjustable angle photovoltaic sun-shading and ventilating device and construction method thereof

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CN102410602A true CN102410602A (en) 2012-04-11

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104654474A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-27 东南大学 Novel solar-driven window type fan
CN109039238A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-12-18 胡沛 A kind of photovoltaic power generation platform waterborne

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1873157A (en) * 2006-06-28 2006-12-06 李毅 Outer sun shield system for solar energy
CN200982323Y (en) * 2006-09-29 2007-11-28 黄河东 Combined type fan mounted on window frame
CN201207621Y (en) * 2007-09-25 2009-03-11 谢德璟 Door and window sun shielding board electricity generation construction for solar energy board
CN201351340Y (en) * 2008-12-08 2009-11-25 陶钧炳 Solar sun visor
CN202303755U (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-07-04 中国建筑设计研究院 Window-type angle-adjustable photovoltaic sun-shading air exchange device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1873157A (en) * 2006-06-28 2006-12-06 李毅 Outer sun shield system for solar energy
CN200982323Y (en) * 2006-09-29 2007-11-28 黄河东 Combined type fan mounted on window frame
CN201207621Y (en) * 2007-09-25 2009-03-11 谢德璟 Door and window sun shielding board electricity generation construction for solar energy board
CN201351340Y (en) * 2008-12-08 2009-11-25 陶钧炳 Solar sun visor
CN202303755U (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-07-04 中国建筑设计研究院 Window-type angle-adjustable photovoltaic sun-shading air exchange device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104654474A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-27 东南大学 Novel solar-driven window type fan
CN104654474B (en) * 2015-01-28 2018-05-08 东南大学 A kind of new wind turbine of window using Driven by Solar Energy
CN109039238A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-12-18 胡沛 A kind of photovoltaic power generation platform waterborne

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Application publication date: 20120411