CN102409905A - Optical fiber coded lock as well as locking and unlocking method thereof - Google Patents

Optical fiber coded lock as well as locking and unlocking method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102409905A
CN102409905A CN 201110443666 CN201110443666A CN102409905A CN 102409905 A CN102409905 A CN 102409905A CN 201110443666 CN201110443666 CN 201110443666 CN 201110443666 A CN201110443666 A CN 201110443666A CN 102409905 A CN102409905 A CN 102409905A
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fiber
optical
lock
module
body
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CN 201110443666
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Chinese (zh)
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吴文军
唐晟
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东莞市华鹰电子有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses an optical fiber coded lock as well as a locking and unlocking method thereof. The optical fiber coded lock comprises a lock body, an optical fiber and a reader, wherein the lock body is provided with a main controller and a memory; the memory is connected with the main controller; the main controller is provided with an emitting module and a receiving module; the optical fiber is arranged outside the lock body; the two ends of the optical fiber are connected with the emitting module and the receiving module respectively; the reader is separated from the lock body; and the reader is in communication connection with the main controller. Therefore, locking is realized as the optical fiber can penetrate through various types of door locks and be connected between the emitting module and the receiving module, so that the optical fiber coded lock can be applied to various types of containers or vans, and the application range is wide; meanwhile, the closing and opening time of the optical fiber is recorded by the memory to detect whether the optical fiber is opened in real time; and the reader is used in a matching manner to code and decode the lock body as well as read the closing and opening time of the optical fiber are read, so that the user can fast find out the time when the lock body is unlocked illegally, therefore great convenience is provided to users for searching problems.

Description

光纤密码锁及其上锁和解锁方法 Fiber locks and lock and unlock methods

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及锁具领域技术,尤其是指一种光纤密码锁及其上锁和解锁方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of lock technology, particularly to an optical fiber lock and locking and unlocking method. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 为了保证集装箱或厢式货车在运输过程中所载货物的安全,防止箱门被非法打开,需要在箱门锁扣上加关锁。 [0002] In order to ensure that container or van contained in the safety of goods during transport, to prevent the door is opened illegally, they need to wear plus box door was shut. 近年来监管货运安全的电子关锁逐步得到推广应用。 In recent years, regulation of electronic freight security shut gradually popularized.

[0003] 目前,市场上出现一种电子关锁,其组成包括机械锁和无线电子锁,其中无线电子锁由单片机、无线射频数据收发电路、天线组成。 [0003] Currently, an electronic shut on the market, which consists of wireless electronic locks and mechanical locks, wherein the wireless electronic lock by the microcontroller, radio frequency data transceiver circuitry, antennas. 这种电子关锁的锁体具有翻盖式结构,当锁体后部罩在箱门锁扣上时,只要将翻盖下翻,与翻盖联动的锁芯就上顶穿过锁扣并锁定, 锁芯结构隐蔽,具有安全可靠、防卫性好的优点。 This electronic lock having shut clamshell structure, when the rear cover lock the buckle lock box, as long as the lower clamshell turn, the flap linkage to the top through the cylinder lock and latch, lock hidden core structure, safe and reliable, defense and good benefits. 然而,该种电子关锁后半部内凹空间及较大直径的锁芯只适合用于标准的集装箱锁扣,对于一些特殊的箱门锁扣则无法上锁,对于一些已经安装有商业封志的集装箱锁扣也无法上锁,应用范围狭窄;并且,现有之电子关锁只能检测是否有被非法打开过,至于电子锁何时被非法打开则难以查出,从而给使用者的使用带来不便。 However, after the electronic shut half concave space and a larger-diameter cylinder lock is only suitable for standard containers, for some special door lock can not be locked, it has been installed for some commercial seals the container can not lock latch, a narrow range of applications; and, the conventional electronic shut only detect whether there is illegally opened, as is illegally opened when the electronic lock is difficult to detect, so that to the user using bring inconvenience.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 有鉴于此,本发明针对现有技术存在之缺失,其主要目的是提供一种光纤密码锁及其上锁和解锁方法,其能有效解决现有之电子关锁应用范围狭窄且难以查处何时被非法打开的问题。 [0004] Accordingly, the present invention is directed to the presence of the deletion prior art, its main purpose is to provide an optical fiber lock and locking and unlocking method, which can effectively solve the conventional electronic shut narrow range of applications and are difficult investigate and deal with the problem of illegal when it was opened.

[0005] 为实现上述目的,本发明采用如下之技术方案: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solutions:

一种光纤密码锁,包括有锁体、光纤和读写器;该锁体上设置有主控制器以及用于记录光纤闭合及断开时间的存储器,该存储器与主控制器连接,该主控制器上设置有发射模块和接收模块;该光纤设置于锁体外,光纤的两端分别与发射模块和接收模块连接,当光纤闭合或断开时,该主控制器控制储存器将光纤闭合或断开的时间记录下来;该读写器用于对锁体进行加密、解密以及读取光纤闭合和断开时间,读写器与锁体分离,读写器通过有线或无线的方式与主控制器通信连接。 An optical fiber lock, comprising a lock body, and a fiber optic reader; provided with a main controller and a memory for recording the optical fiber and the OFF time closing the lock body, the memory connected with the main controller, the main control the device is provided with a transmitter module and receiver module; fiber disposed in the lock body, both ends of the optical fiber connected to the transmitter module and receiver module, when closing or opening the fiber, the master controller controls the storage closed or broken fiber recorded time apart; the reader is used to lock to encrypt and decrypt and read the closing and opening time of the optical fiber, separated from the lock body reader, the reader through a wired or wireless communication with the main controller connection.

[0006] 作为一种优选方案,所述锁体上设置有光纤输出接口和光纤输入接口,该光纤具有一固定端和一活动端,该固定端通过该光纤输出接口与前述发射模块连接,该活动端通过该光纤输入接口与前述接收模块连接。 [0006] As a preferred embodiment, the lock body is provided on the optical fiber output interface and an input interface optical fiber having a fixed end and a movable end, the fixed end of the optical fiber is connected through output interface with the emitter module, which an input interface with the movable end connected to the receiving module through the optical fiber.

[0007] 作为一种优选方案,所述锁体上设置有红外通信接口,该红外通信接口与主控制器连接,该读写器通过无线的方式与该红外通信接口通信连接。 [0007] As a preferred embodiment, the lock body is provided with an infrared communication interface, infrared communication interface with the host controller connected to a reader connected to the infrared communication interfaces with the wireless mode.

[0008] 作为一种优选方案,所述锁体上设置有RFID识别系统,该RFID识别系统与主控制器连接,该读写器通过无线的方式与该RFID识别系统通信连接。 [0008] As a preferred embodiment, the lock body is provided with RFID identification system, RFID identification system which is connected with the main controller, the interrogator wirelessly connected to communicate with the RFID identification system.

[0009] 作为一种优选方案,所述锁体上进一步设置有用于起警示作用的LED灯,该LED灯与前述主控制器连接。 [0009] As a preferred embodiment, the LED lamp is further provided with a warning of a play on the lock body, the LED lamp is connected with the main controller.

[0010] 作为一种优选方案,所述锁体上进一步设置有用于其警示作用的蜂鸣器,该蜂鸣器与前述主控制器连接。 [0010] As a preferred embodiment, it is further provided a buzzer for warning of the lock body, the buzzer is connected with the main controller.

[0011] 作为一种优选方案,所述存储器为可擦除只读存储器。 [0011] As a preferred embodiment, the memory is a EEPROM.

[0012] 一种光纤密码锁的上锁和解锁方法,包括的步骤有 [0012] An optical fiber lock and unlock the locking method, comprising the steps of

(1)将锁体固定于需要上锁的箱体上,使光纤的一端与发射模块连接,光纤的另一端穿过箱体的箱门而连接接收模块,此时光纤闭合,并利用读写器对锁体进行加密,实现上锁; 然后,读写器断开,主控制器启动工作,该存储器记录启动时间; (1) fixed on the lock body housing a lock as needed, so that one end of the optical transmission module, and the other end of the fiber through the cabinet door is connected to the receiving module, the optical fiber is closed at this time, and the use of the reader encrypt the body of the lock unit, to achieve locking; then, the reader is turned off, the main controller start-up operation, the memory record start time;

(2)通过主控制器实时检测光纤是否断开,若光纤断开,由存储器记录光纤的断开时 (2) real-time detection optical fiber is disconnected by the master controller, if the optical fiber is disconnected, the recording by the memory when the disconnection of the optical fiber

间; between;

(3)通过主控制器检测断开后的光纤是否闭合,若光纤再次闭合,由存储器记录再次闭合的时间,同时返回步骤(2)实时检测光纤是否断开; (3) is closed by the main controller after detecting disconnection of the optical fiber if the fiber is again closed, re-recorded by the closing time of the memory, while returns to step (2) real-time detection optical fiber is disconnected;

(4)利用读写器解密实现开锁,并读取光纤闭合及断开时间。 (4) The unlock decrypt a reader, and read the optical fiber and the closing-off time.

[0013] 作为一种优选方案,所述锁体上设置有绿LED灯和红LED灯,当在步骤(1)光纤闭合时,该绿LED灯开始闪烁,当在步骤(2)光纤断开时,该绿LED灯停止闪烁,该红LED灯开始闪烁。 [0013] As a preferred embodiment, the lock body is provided with a green LED and a red LED lamp, when in step (1) is closed fiber, the green LED starts blinking, when in step (2) fiber cut when the green LED stops flashing, the red LED starts blinking.

[0014] 本发明与现有技术相比具有明显的优点和有益效果,具体而言,由上述技术方案可知: [0014] The present invention as compared with the prior art with significant advantages and beneficial effects, in particular, can be seen from the foregoing technical solutions:

一、通过利用光纤可穿过各种箱门锁扣而连接于发射模块和接收模块之间实现上锁, 使得产品可应用于各种集装箱或厢式货车上,应用范围广泛;同时利用存储器记录光纤的闭合及断开时间,实现实时检测光纤是否断开,并配合利用读写器对锁体进行加密、解密以及读取光纤闭合和断开时间,使用户快速查找出锁体被非法打开的时间,为用户查找问题提供很大便利性。 First, by using an optical fiber may pass through various door latch is connected between the transmitter module and receiver module for locking, so that the product can be applied to a variety of containers or vans, a wide range of applications; recording while using the memory fiber and closing off time, real-time detection fiber is disconnected, and with the lock body encrypted with the reader, reading and decrypting the closing and opening time of the optical fiber, so that the user quickly find out the lock open illegally time, providing great convenience for users to find the problem.

[0015] 二、通过于锁体上设置有LED灯或蜂鸣器,利用LED灯或蜂鸣器均与主控制器连接并起到警示的作用,使得人们可根据LED灯的闪烁状态及蜂鸣器发出的报警音快速判断锁体是否被非法打开过,产品使用非常地方便。 [0015] Second, the use of an LED lamp or a buzzer is connected and acts as a warning by a buzzer or an LED lamp provided on the lock body with the main controller, so that it flashes according to status LED and bees quickly determine if an alarm sound a buzzer lock is illegally opened, the product very easy to use.

[0016] 为更清楚地阐述本发明的结构特征和功效,下面结合附图与具体实施例来对本发明进行详细说明。 [0016] The structure set forth more clearly the features and effects of the present invention, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following specific embodiments of the present invention is described in detail.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1是本发明之第一较佳实施例的结构示意图; [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention;

图2是本发明之第一较佳实施例中上锁和解锁的流程示意图-较佳实施例中的使用流程图; :较佳实施例的结构示意图。 FIG 2 is a schematic flow chart of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention the locking and unlocking of - using a flowchart in the preferred embodiment;: schematic structural diagram of the preferred embodiment.

图3是本发明之第-图4是本发明之第: [0018] 附图标识说明10、锁体111、发射模块12、存储器14、光纤输入接口16、LED 灯18、RFID识别系统 Figure 3 is a section according to the present invention - FIG. 4 of the present invention are: [0018] BRIEF DESCRIPTION identifier 10, the body 111, a transmission module 12, a memory 14, an input interface fiber 16, LED lights 18, RFID identification system

11、主控制器112、接收模块13、光纤输出接口15、红外通信接口17、蜂鸣器20、光纤21、固定端 22、活动端 11, the main controller 112, a receiving module 13, optical output interface 15, an infrared communication interface 17, a buzzer 20, the optical fiber 21, the fixed end 22, active end

30、读写器。 30, the reader.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0019] 请参照图1至图3所示,其显示出了本发明之第一较佳实施例的具体结构,包括有锁体10、光纤20和读写器30。 [0019] Referring to FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, which shows a specific structure of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, including 10, optical fibers 20 and reader 30 the lock body.

[0020] 其中,该锁体10主要用于跟随货柜运输并记录开锁及非法开锁状态,锁体10上设置有主控制器11、存储器12、光纤输出接口13、光纤输入接口14和红外通信接口15;该主控制器11上设置有发射模块111和接收模块112 ;该存储器12与主控制器11连接,该存储器11用于记录光纤20闭合及断开时间,并且,在本实施例中,该存储器12为可擦除只读存储器(EEPR0M),但该存储器12不局限于只读存储器(EEPR0M),也可为其他各种存储器,不以为限;该光纤输出接口13和光纤输入接口14分别与前述发射模块111和接收模块112 连接;该红外通信接口15与主控制器11连接;该锁体10的外形采用压注塑胶的方法制成, 外部接口仅保留绿LED灯、红LED灯、开关按键以及一个光纤接口,锁启用之前,电路的静态功耗为0,锁启用之后,电路锁定并工作,整个锁体工作时长为1个月。 [0020] wherein the lock body 10 is mainly used to follow and record the transport container and illegal unlock unlocked state, 11, a memory 12, optical output interface 13, an input interface 14 and an infrared optical communication interface controller 10 is provided with a main lock 15; the master controller 11 is provided with a transmitter module 111 and receiver module 112; the memory 11 is connected with the main controller 12, the memory 11 for recording and the optical fiber 20 is closed off time, and, in the present embodiment, the memory 12 is erasable read only memory (EEPR0M), but is not limited to the memory 12 a read only memory (EEPR0M), may also be a variety of other memory, thought not limited; the optical fiber output interface 13 and input interface 14 the lock body 10 outer shape formed using plastic injection-molding process, leaving only the external interface green LED lights, the red LED lights; respectively connected to the transmitter module 111 and receiver module 112; infrared communication interface 15 with the host controller 11 is connected , the switch button and a fiber optic interface, before the lock is enabled, the static power consumption of the circuit is 0, after the lock is enabled and the working circuit latches, the entire length of the lock body when the work 1 month.

[0021] 该光纤20设置于锁体10外,光纤20的两端分别与发射模块111和接收模块112 连接,在本实施例中,该光纤20具有一固定端21和一活动端22,该固定端21通过前述光纤输出接口13与前述发射模块111连接,该活动端22通过该光纤输入接口14与前述接收模块112连接;当光纤20闭合时,实现上锁,当光纤断开时,实现正常解锁或非法开锁;当光纤20闭合或断开时,该主控制器11控制储存器12将光纤20闭合或断开的时间记录下来。 [0021] The optical fiber 20 is provided on the outer lock body 10, both ends of the optical fibers 20 are connected to the transmission module 111 and receiving module 112, in the present embodiment, the optical fiber 20 having a fixed end 21 and a movable end 22, the the fixed end 2122 is connected via the optical interface 14 output interface 13 is connected to the transmission module 111, the movable end of the fiber optic input through the receiving module 112; closed when the optical fiber 20 to achieve locking, when the fiber is disconnected, to achieve normal or illegal unlock unlock; when closing or opening the optical fiber 20, the main controller 11 controls the accumulator 12 to the optical fiber 20 is closed or off time recorded.

[0022] 该读写器30用于对锁体10进行加密、解密以及读取光纤20闭合和断开时间,读写器30与锁体10分离,读写器30通过有线或无线的方式与前述主控制器11通信连接,在本实施例中,该读写器30通过无线的方式与前述红外通信接口15通信连接;另外,该读写器30还具有清除非法开锁状态的作用,并可将信息通过有线的方式与计算机对接。 [0022] 30 via a wired or wireless manner to the reader 30 to the lock body 10 to encrypt, decrypt and read the closing and opening time of the optical fiber 20, the reader 30 and the lock body 10 separates, and the reader a communication controller 11 connected to the primary, in the present embodiment, the reader 30 is connected by way of wireless communication with an infrared communication interface 15; further, the reader 30 also has an unlocked state to clear the illegal action, and information with the computer through a wired docking.

[0023] 此外,该锁体10上进一步设置有用于起警示作用的LED灯16和蜂鸣器17,该LED 灯16和蜂鸣器17均与前述主控制器11连接,该LED灯16包括有红LED灯和绿LED灯。 [0023] In addition, the lock body is further provided with an LED lamp 16 and warning buzzer 17 for play 10, the LED lamp 16 and buzzer 17 are connected to the main controller 11, the LED lamp 16 comprising red and green LED lights LED lamp.

[0024] 下面结合图1至图3,详述本实施例在使用过程中的上锁及解锁方法如下: [0024] below with reference to FIGS. 1 to 3, the present embodiment described in detail the method of Example lock and unlock during use is as follows:

首先,开始时,将货物从仓库中取出装入箱体(如货柜)内,并将锁体10固定于需要该箱体上,使光纤20的固定端21通过光纤输出接口13与发射模块111连接,光纤20的活动端22穿过箱体的箱门并通过光纤输入接口14而连接到接收模块14上,此时光纤20闭合, 按下锁体10上的开关,绿LED灯常亮,松开开关时,绿LED灯每5秒闪烁1次,亮灯时间长IOms,随后每5秒绿LED灯闪烁1次,亮灯时间长IOms ;并利用读写器30对锁体10进行加密并授权,从而实现了上锁;然后,读写器30断开,主控制器11启动工作,该存储器12记录启动时间;接着,货物进入运输状态中。 First, at the start, the goods removed from the warehouse loaded into the housing (e.g., container), and the need for the lock body 10 is fixed to the housing, so that the fixed end 21 of the optical fiber 20 via the optical fiber 13 and the emitter output interface module 111 connection, the movable optical fiber 20 through the end 22 of the box door and the interface 14 is connected to the receiving module 14, the optical fiber 20 is closed at this time through an optical fiber input, the switch 10 is on, the green LED lights lit press lock, when the switch is released, the LED flashes green once every 5 seconds, a long time lighting IOMS, every 5 seconds and then the green LED flashes once IOMS lighting time length; using the reader 30 and lock body 10 is encrypted and authorized, in order to achieve locking; then, the reader 30 is turned off, the main controller 11 starts working, the memory 12 records the start time; then, of the cargo in the transport state.

[0025] 然后,在运输过程中,通过主控制器11实时检测光纤20是否断开,若光纤20受到外力作用而断开,接收模块112无法接收来自发射模块111的光信号时,该绿LED灯停止闪烁,红LED灯开始闪烁,且每2秒闪烁1次,灯亮时间长10ms,随后每2秒该红LED灯闪烁1 次,灯亮时间长10ms,此时,显示为非正常状态,当人们看到红LED灯闪烁状态时,即表示该锁已经被打开过,当然,当该光纤20断开的同时,该蜂鸣器17会发出报警音;与此同时,由存储器12记录光纤20的断开时间。 [0025] Then, during transport, the optical fiber 20 is turned off is detected by the main controller 11 in real time, if the optical fiber 20 is disconnected by an external force, the receiving module 112 can not receive the optical signal from the transmitting module 111, the green LED light stops flashing, the red LED light starts to blink, and blink every 2 seconds once lights long time 10ms, then every 2 seconds the red LED flashes once lights long time 10ms, this time, the display is in an abnormal state, when people see the red LED lamp is flashing, it means that the lock has been opened, of course, at the same time when the optical fiber 20 is turned off, the buzzer 17 emits an alarm sound; Meanwhile, recording memory 12 by the fiber 20 off time.

[0026] 接着,通过主控制器11检测断开后的光纤20是否闭合,若光纤20再次闭合,由存储器12记录再次闭合的时间,同时返回上述步骤继续实时检测光纤20是否断开,直至货物到达运输目的地。 [0026] Next, after the optical fiber 20 is closed off by the main controller 11 detects if the fiber 20 is again closed, re-recording memory 12 by the closing time and returns to step 20 to continue detecting optical fiber is disconnected in real time, until the goods transport to reach the destination.

[0027] 最后,当货物运输到目的地时,通过LED灯16的闪烁及蜂鸣器17的报警音判断锁是否开过,若锁被打开过,查找问题,利用读写器30解密实现开锁,并读取光纤20闭合及断开时间;问题解决后,利用读写器30清楚显示状态,并将货物回归仓库。 [0027] Finally, when the transport of goods to the destination, by flashing the LED 16 and the buzzer alarm sound is determined whether the lock 17 opened, when the lock is opened, find the problem, using the reader 30 to achieve unlocking decryption and reading the optical fiber 20 and the closing off time; after the problem is solved by the reader 30 clearly shows the state, and return to the warehouse goods.

[0028] 请参照图4所示,其显示出了本发明之第二较佳实施例的具体结构,本实施例的具体结构与前述第一较佳实施例的具体结构基本相同,其所不同的是: [0028] Referring to figure, which shows a specific configuration of the four second preferred embodiment of the present invention, the specific configuration of the specific structure of the first preferred embodiment according to the present embodiment is substantially the same, they are different It is:

在本实施例中,该锁体10上设置有RFID识别系统18,该RFID识别系统18包括有IC 卡和RFID智能标签等元件,其为现有成熟技术在此不作详细叙述,该RFID识别系统18与主控制器11连接,该读写器30通过无线的方式与该RFID识别系统18通信连接,以此通过无线射频识别的方式使得读写器30与锁体10通讯连接并读取数据。 In the present embodiment, the lock body is provided with an RFID identification system 18 on 10, the RFID identification system 18 includes an IC card and RFID smart tags and other elements, which are existing mature technology and will not be described in detail, the RFID identification system 11 is connected with the main controller 18, the reader 30 is connected to the communication with the RFID identification system 18 by wireless means, in this manner by the RFID reader 30 that is connected to the lock body 10 and read the data communication.

[0029] 本实施例在使用过程中的上锁及解锁方法与前述第一较佳实施例基本相同,在此对本实施例在使用过程中的上锁及解锁方法不作详细叙述。 [0029] Example embodiment of the present lock and unlock the preferred method of the foregoing first embodiment is substantially the same during use, the lock and unlock during use Example In this embodiment of the present will not be described in detail.

[0030] 本发明的设计重点在于:首先,通过利用光纤可穿过各种箱门锁扣而连接于发射模块和接收模块之间实现上锁,使得产品可应用于各种集装箱或厢式货车上,应用范围广泛;同时利用存储器记录光纤的闭合及断开时间,实现实时检测光纤是否断开,并配合利用读写器对锁体进行加密、解密以及读取光纤闭合和断开时间,使用户快速查找出锁体被非法打开的时间,为用户查找问题提供很大便利性。 [0030] The design focus of the present invention: First, by using an optical fiber may pass through various door latch is connected between the transmitter module and receiver module for locking, so that the products can be applied to various containers or vans a wide range of applications; while utilizing optical memory recording and closing off time, real-time detection fiber is disconnected, and with the use of the reader on the lock body to encrypt, decrypt and read the closing and opening time of the optical fiber, so that users quickly find out the lock is opened illegally time and provide great convenience for users to find the problem. 其次,通过于锁体上设置有LED灯或蜂鸣器,利用LED灯或蜂鸣器均与主控制器连接并起到警示的作用,使得人们可根据LED灯的闪烁状态及蜂鸣器发出的报警音快速判断锁体是否被非法打开过,产品使用非常地方便。 Secondly, using LED lamp or buzzer is connected through the LED lamp or a buzzer provided in the lock body with the main controller and acts as a warning, so that it can be issued in accordance with flashing LED lamp and buzzer whether the alarm tone quickly determine the lock is opened illegally before, very easy to use product.

[0031] 以上所述,仅是本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非对本发明的技术范围作任何限制, 故凡是依据本发明的技术实质对以上实施例所作的任何细微修改、等同变化与修饰,均仍属于本发明技术方案的范围内。 [0031] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, but not limit the technical scope of the present invention, any limitation, it is usually based on the technical essence any slight modification of the above embodiment of the present invention is made of embodiments, modifications and equivalents It falls within the scope of the technical solutions of the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. 1. 一种光纤密码锁,其特征在于:包括有锁体、光纤和读写器;该锁体上设置有主控制器以及用于记录光纤闭合及断开时间的存储器,该存储器与主控制器连接,该主控制器上设置有发射模块和接收模块;该光纤设置于锁体外,光纤的两端分别与发射模块和接收模块连接,当光纤闭合或断开时,该主控制器控制储存器将光纤闭合或断开的时间记录下来; 该读写器用于对锁体进行加密、解密以及读取光纤闭合和断开时间,读写器与锁体分离,读写器通过有线或无线的方式与主控制器通信连接。 1. An optical fiber lock, characterized by: a lock body, and a fiber optic reader; disposed on the lock body has a main controller and a memory for recording the optical fiber and the closing off time, the main control memory is connected, it is provided with a transmitter module and receiver module on the master controller; fiber disposed in the lock body, both ends of the optical fiber connected to the transmitter module and receiver module, when closing or opening the fiber, the master controller controls the storage will close or open time of the fiber is recorded; the reader is used to lock to encrypt and decrypt and read the closing and opening time of the optical fiber, separated from the lock body reader, the reader through a wired or wireless the controller is connected with the main communication mode.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的光纤密码锁,其特征在于:所述锁体上设置有光纤输出接口和光纤输入接口,该光纤具有一固定端和一活动端,该固定端通过该光纤输出接口与前述发射模块连接,该活动端通过该光纤输入接口与前述接收模块连接。 The optical fiber as claimed in claim 1 of the lock, characterized in that: there is provided an output interface and an optical fiber connector on the lock body, the optical fiber having a fixed end and a movable end, the fixed end of the fiber output by the transmission module connected with the interface, the input interface with the movable end connected to the receiving module through the optical fiber.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的光纤密码锁,其特征在于:所述锁体上设置有红外通信接口, 该红外通信接口与主控制器连接,该读写器通过无线的方式与该红外通信接口通信连接。 3. The optical fiber as claimed in claim 1 of the lock, characterized in that: an infrared communication interface provided on said lock body, the infrared communication interface with the main controller is connected to the reader by way of wireless communication with the infrared communication link interfaces.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的光纤密码锁,其特征在于:所述锁体上设置有RFID识别系统,该RFID识别系统与主控制器连接,该读写器通过无线的方式与该RFID识别系统通信连接。 An optical fiber according to claim 1 of the lock, characterized in that: an RFID identification system is provided on the lock body, the RFID identification system is connected with the main controller, the identification with the RFID reader by wireless means communication system is connected.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的光纤密码锁,其特征在于:所述锁体上进一步设置有用于起警示作用的LED灯,该LED灯与前述主控制器连接。 5. The optical fiber as claimed in claim 1 of the lock, wherein: the LED lamp is further provided with a warning of a play on the lock body, the LED lamp is connected with the main controller.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的光纤密码锁,其特征在于:所述锁体上进一步设置有用于其警示作用的蜂鸣器,该蜂鸣器与前述主控制器连接。 The optical fiber lock according to claim 1, wherein: there is further provided a buzzer for warning thereof on said lock body, the buzzer is connected to the main controller.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的光纤密码锁,其特征在于:所述存储器为可擦除只读存储器。 7. The fiber optic lock according to claim 1, wherein: said memory is a EEPROM.
  8. 8. 一种光纤密码锁的上锁和解锁方法,其特征在于:包括的步骤有(1)将锁体固定于需要上锁的箱体上,使光纤的一端与发射模块连接,光纤的另一端穿过箱体的箱门而连接接收模块,此时光纤闭合,并利用读写器对锁体进行加密,实现上锁; 然后,读写器断开,主控制器启动工作,该存储器记录启动时间;(2)通过主控制器实时检测光纤是否断开,若光纤断开,由存储器记录光纤的断开时间;(3)通过主控制器检测断开后的光纤是否闭合,若光纤再次闭合,由存储器记录再次闭合的时间,同时返回步骤(2)实时检测光纤是否断开;(4)利用读写器解密实现开锁,并读取光纤闭合及断开时间。 8. An optical fiber code lock locking and unlocking method characterized in that: comprising the steps of (1) the need for the lock body is fixed to the lock housing, one end of the optical fiber connected to the transmitter module, the other fiber One end of the housing through a door connected to the receiving module, the optical fiber is closed at this time, and encrypt the body of the lock, to achieve lock using a reader; then, the reader is turned off, the main controller start-up operation, the memory record start time; (2) real-time detection by the main controller of the fiber is disconnected, if the optical fiber is disconnected, the optical recording off-time memory; (3) is closed off by an optical fiber after the primary controller detects, when the optical fiber again is closed, a memory recording the time of closing again, and returns to step (2) real-time detection optical fiber is disconnected; (4) the use of the reader decrypt a lock, and read the optical fiber and the closing-off time.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的光纤密码锁的上锁和解锁方法,其特征在于:所述锁体上设置有绿LED灯和红LED灯,当在步骤(1)光纤闭合时,该绿LED灯开始闪烁,当在步骤(2)光纤断开时,该绿LED灯停止闪烁,该红LED灯开始闪烁。 Fiber lock and unlock the lock 9. The method of claim 8, wherein: there is provided a green LED lights and the red LED on the lock body, when in step (1) is closed fiber, the green the LED starts flashing when in step (2) optical fiber is disconnected, the green LED stops flashing, the red LED starts blinking.
CN 201110443666 2011-12-27 2011-12-27 Optical fiber coded lock as well as locking and unlocking method thereof CN102409905A (en)

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CN103376523A (en) * 2012-04-28 2013-10-30 上海秀派电子科技有限公司 Optical fiber lock cable device
WO2016187727A1 (en) * 2015-05-22 2016-12-01 北京热刺激光技术有限责任公司 Electronic key for carbon dioxide laser

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CN202578179U (en) * 2011-12-27 2012-12-05 东莞市华鹰电子有限公司 Optical fiber coded lock

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CN200958314Y (en) * 2006-10-24 2007-10-10 南京三宝科技股份有限公司 High-reliable cabled electronic lock
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CN103376523A (en) * 2012-04-28 2013-10-30 上海秀派电子科技有限公司 Optical fiber lock cable device
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