CN102409350A - Dephosphorizing equipment - Google Patents

Dephosphorizing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102409350A
CN102409350A CN2010102912795A CN201010291279A CN102409350A CN 102409350 A CN102409350 A CN 102409350A CN 2010102912795 A CN2010102912795 A CN 2010102912795A CN 201010291279 A CN201010291279 A CN 201010291279A CN 102409350 A CN102409350 A CN 102409350A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dephosphorization
degreasing
conveying belt
workpiece
equipment
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CN2010102912795A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102409350B (en
Inventor
陈邱生
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陈邱生
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Priority to CN201010291279.5A priority Critical patent/CN102409350B/en
Publication of CN102409350A publication Critical patent/CN102409350A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102409350B publication Critical patent/CN102409350B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to dephosphorizing equipment, which comprises an air supply mechanism, a primary cleaning mechanism, a degreasing mechanism, a dephosphorizing mechanism and a secondary cleaning mechanism, wherein a workpiece which has a phosphate membrane at the surface is subjected to integral operation of feeding, cleaning, degreasing, dephosphorizing, drying and the like by the mechanisms, particularly, the workpiece which is subjected to the dephosphorizing is connected with a quenching device through the secondary cleaning mechanism so as to be subjected to heat treatment, so that the workpiece is continuously processed and produced.

Description

Dephosphorization equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dephosphorization equipment; But the equipment that particularly has the workpiece of phosphate coating to carry out the dephosphorization operation relevant for a kind of his-and-hers watches mask; And can provide the workpiece quantity-produced consistent equalization by this equipment, and then reach the purpose of simplifying working process, improve the output value.
Background technology
It is very extensive that the steel wire rod is applied to workpiece such as screw, bolt; But because of starting material annealing and drawing process in, comprise the pickling process operation one, for making the starting material surface in drawing process; Material surface is difficult for impaired and reels off raw silk from cocoons easily; Therefore in pickling process, can increase adhering in order to reeling off raw silk from cocoons of phosphate coating, but this phosphate coating can make because of the characteristic of processing it infiltrate the iron and steel tissue when the moulding of subsequent workpiece, threading, heat treatment process; And then cause workpiece to have cold shortness and fracture easily, and reduce its work-ing life and endurance range.Must possess in the workpiece of HS, high-tensile strength at majority; Must before heat treatment process, accomplish the composition (dephosphorization) of removing phosphate coating, how in the streets known dephosphorization equipment accomplishes workpiece dephosphorization operation with interim step; Steps such as for example degreasing, dephosphorization, washing; It generally is to accomplish one by one with interim step, lacks consistent equalization, causes the dephosphorization process numerous and diverse and tediously long; Especially, when workpiece desires further to implement thermal treatment (quenchings) operation again, more show the disappearance that traditional dephosphorization equipment can't link up in operation, and be mostly the processer to scold and remain improvement.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: to the deficiency of above-mentioned prior art; The dephosphorization equipment of a kind of workpiece before imposing heat treatment process is provided; Can provide the workpiece quantity-produced consistent equalization by this equipment, and then reach the purpose of simplifying working process, improve the output value.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopted is: a kind of dephosphorization equipment is characterized in: this equipment by wind pushing mechanism, wiper mechanism, degreasing mechanism, dephosphorization mechanism, and secondary cleaning mechanism constitute; This wind pushing mechanism is to deliver to blast tube in its hot gas drainage of quenching furnance device intercepting, and blast tube extends several air outlets, and this air outlet is arranged at the predetermined position, can the pending workpiece at the wind regime place of passing through be dried; This wiper mechanism comprises the vibrations hopper; This vibrations hopper is accepted pending workpiece; Vibrations hopper lower end is provided with a Rinsing Area, has stored clear water in the Rinsing Area, is provided with magnetic recording tape material conveying belt in the Rinsing Area; This magnetic recording tape material conveying belt lower end places the Rinsing Area bottom, and utilizes magnetic attraction that pending working parts strap upwards is delivered to degreasing mechanism from Rinsing Area; This degreasing mechanism comprises the automatic weighing platform; This automatic weighing platform is accepted the pending workpiece that the magnetic recording tape material conveying belt of a wiper mechanism is seen off; Automatic weighing platform lower end is provided with degreasing tank, has stored hot water in the degreasing tank, is provided with feeding conveying belt in the degreasing tank; This feeding conveying belt lower end is placed in the degreasing tank bottom, with the conveying that utilizes feeding conveying belt pending working parts strap upwards is delivered to dephosphorization mechanism from degreasing tank; This dephosphorization mechanism comprises the dephosphorization groove, and this dephosphorization front of the slot is provided with opening for feed, and end then is provided with discharge port; This opening for feed and discharge port top respectively are provided with an air curtain shower nozzle; This air curtain shower nozzle is connected with the blast tube of wind pushing mechanism, makes this air curtain shower nozzle see gas off and forms shielding, is injected with dephosphorization liquid in the dephosphorization groove; Be provided with the sprinkler head that several can spray dephosphorization liquid in the dephosphorization groove; Be provided with the screw feeding bar in the dephosphorization groove, this screw feeding bar receives the drive motor transmission and moves, and it is seen off pending workpiece to secondary cleaning mechanism by discharge port; This secondary cleaning mechanism comprises transport platform, and the conveying belt of this transport platform receives the transmission of drive motor and rotates, and the transport platform top is provided with the sprinkler head that several can spray clear water, and terminal then linking has the vibrations material distributing machine that the workpiece shake is seen off.
So; Can the workpiece that the surface has a phosphate coating be carried out the operation of consistentization such as charging, cleaning, degreasing, dephosphorization, oven dry by said mechanism and accomplish the dephosphorization action; Especially; Secondary cleaning mechanism more can directly be connected the workpiece of completion dephosphorization operation and heat-treat operation with the quenching furnance device, make workpiece be able to successional processing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the equipment simplified schematic diagram of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the wind pushing mechanism structural representation of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is a wiper mechanism structural representation of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the degreasing mechanism structural representation of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the dephosphorization mechanism transversary synoptic diagram of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the dephosphorization mechanism vertical structure synoptic diagram of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the secondary cleaning mechanism structure synoptic diagram of the embodiment of the invention.
Label declaration:
10 wind pushing mechanisms, 11 blast tubes
20 wiper mechanisms of 12 air outlets
21 vibrations hoppers, 22 Rinsing Areas
23 magnetic recording tape material conveying belt, 30 degreasing mechanisms
31 automatic weighing platforms, 32 degreasing tanks
33 feeding conveying belt, 40 dephosphorization mechanisms
41 dephosphorization grooves, 42 opening for feeds
421 air curtain shower nozzles, 43 discharge ports
431 air curtain shower nozzles, 44 sprinkler heads
45 screw feeding bars, 451 screw-blades
452 holes, 50 secondary cleaning mechanisms
51 transport platform, 52 sprinkler heads
53 vibrations material distributing machine, 60 quenching furnance devices.
Embodiment
Be the effect that can understand structure of the present invention and reached, cooperate the preferred embodiment explanation shown in graphic now as follows:
See also the full equipment simplified schematic diagram of the embodiment of the invention shown in Figure 1, the present invention mainly comprises wind pushing mechanism 10, wiper mechanism 20, degreasing mechanism 30,50 formations of dephosphorization mechanism 40 and secondary cleaning mechanism; Wherein:
See also Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 2; Wind pushing mechanism 10; It is to deliver to blast tube 11 in its hot gas drainage of quenching furnance device 60 interceptings, and blast tube 11 extends some air outlets 12, and this air outlet 12 is arranged at the predetermined position; The hot blast of seeing off by the air outlet 12 of wind pushing mechanism 10 can be with the effect of the capable oven dry of pending workpiece at the wind regime place of passing through.
See also Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 3, a wiper mechanism 20, it comprises a vibrations hopper 21; This vibrations hopper 21 can provide the pending workpiece of accomplishing of getting the raw materials ready to accept storing; Vibrations hopper 21 lower ends are provided with a Rinsing Area 22, have stored clear water in the Rinsing Area 22, are provided with a magnetic recording tape material conveying belt 23 in the Rinsing Area 22 again; These magnetic recording tape material conveying belt 23 lower ends are placed in Rinsing Area 22 bottoms, and magnetic attraction capable of using is upwards carried pending working parts strap from Rinsing Area 22.
By this; This vibrations hopper 21 can make it produce the rule vibrations because of the effect of drive motor; And then the pending workpiece shake of inciting somebody to action is wherein seen off and is fallen in the Rinsing Area 22; Utilize in the groove clear water and the dirty thing of pending workpiece surface impurity cleaned and remove, pending workpiece can be with from Rinsing Area 22 by the effect of magnetic recording tape material conveying belt 23 again, and should pending workpiece sees off by next mechanism and accept.
See also Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 4; Degreasing mechanism 30, it comprises an automatic weighing platform 31, and this automatic weighing platform 31 can be accepted the pending workpiece that the magnetic recording tape material conveying belt 23 of a wiper mechanism 20 is seen off; Automatic weighing platform 31 lower ends are provided with a degreasing tank 32; Store 55 ℃~85 ℃ hot water in the degreasing tank 32, be provided with a feeding conveying belt 33 in the degreasing tank 32 again, these feeding conveying belt 33 lower ends are placed in degreasing tank 32 bottoms; And can and being left degreasing tank 32, also upwards carry pending working parts strap by the conveying that utilizes this feeding conveying belt 33.By this; This automatic weighing platform 31 is weighing to workpiece to be handled; And the workpiece of pre-determined quantity (weight) is poured in the degreasing tank 32; Utilize pyritous hot water in the groove and with pending workpiece surface oil stain removing, pending workpiece can be with from degreasing tank 32 by the effect of feeding conveying belt 33 again, and should pending workpiece see off and accept by next mechanism.
See also Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 6; Dephosphorization mechanism 40, it comprises a dephosphorization groove 41, and these dephosphorization groove 41 front ends are provided with an opening for feed 42; End then is provided with a discharge port 43; This opening for feed 42 and discharge port 43 tops respectively are provided with an air curtain shower nozzle 421,431, and this air curtain shower nozzle 421,431 is connected with the blast tube 11 of wind pushing mechanism 10, make this air curtain shower nozzle 421,431 can see gas off and form shielding; Be injected with the dephosphorization liquid of predetermined volumes in this dephosphorization groove 41 again, be provided with some sprinkler heads 44 in the dephosphorization groove 41, this sprinkler head 44 can spray dephosphorization liquid, and aforementioned dephosphorization liquid remains on 60 ℃~80 ℃ temperature; Be provided with a screw feeding bar 45 in the dephosphorization groove 41 again; This screw feeding bar 45 can receive the drive motor transmission and rotate (swing); In preferred embodiment, be evenly equipped with hole 452 on the screw-blade 451 of this screw feeding bar 45, this hole 452 can supply the dephosphorization flow to lead to and can intercept pending workpiece.By this; Pending workpiece by the feeding conveying belt 33 of degreasing mechanism 30 is seen off can be inserted by the opening for feed 42 of dephosphorization groove 41; Make it fall into dephosphorization groove 41 bottoms; And be soaked in the dephosphorization liquid, because the gas curtain covert stop limits that the alkaline gas that produced of dephosphorization liquid can be sprayed by the air curtain shower nozzle 421,431 of opening for feed 42 and discharge port 43 tops is succeeded the excessive situation that do not have; When screw feeding bar 45 rotates; Be about to pending workpiece and transmit to discharge port 43, pending workpiece can repeat to stir and advance in the process that transmits; And receive sprinkler head 44 to spray the sprinkle of dephosphorization liquid; Make pending workpiece under the effect of dephosphorization mechanism 40, the phosphate coating of pending workpiece surface is removed, see off by next mechanism by discharge port 43 again and accept.
See also Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 7, secondary cleaning mechanism 50, it comprises a transport platform 51; The conveying belt of this transport platform 51 can receive the transmission of drive motor and rotate; Transport platform 51 tops are provided with several sprinkler heads 52 again, and end then is connected has a vibrations material distributing machine 53, and this sprinkler head 52 can spray clear water; And vibrations material distributing machine 53 can make it produce the rule vibrations because of the effect of drive motor, and can the workpiece shake be seen off.By this; Pending workpiece by the discharge port 43 of dephosphorization mechanism 40 is seen off can be accepted conveying by transport platform 51; Pending workpiece is cleaned through the washing of some sprinkler heads 52 ejection clear water and with the dephosphorization liquid on surface; Again pending workpiece is delivered to vibrations material distributing machine 53, mat vibrations the material distributing machine 53 and workpiece that will accomplish the dephosphorization operation is seen off.
The air outlet 12 of above-mentioned wind pushing mechanism 10 can be arranged at ora terminalis on the feeding conveying belt 33 of degreasing mechanism 30; And transport platform 51 tops of secondary cleaning mechanism 50; By the hot blast that the air outlet 12 of wind pushing mechanism 10 is seen off, can be with the pending workpiece oven dry at the wind regime place of passing through.
What deserves to be mentioned is that the vibrations material distributing machine 53 of above-mentioned secondary cleaning mechanism 50 can be connected with the feeding end of quenching furnance device 60, the workpiece that makes vibrations material distributing machine 53 will accomplish the dephosphorization operation is directly delivered to quenching furnance device 60 and is carried out next step heat treatment operation.
Equipment by above-mentioned all mechanisms composition; The workpiece that the present invention has a phosphate coating with the surface is under the effect of wiper mechanism 20, degreasing mechanism 30, dephosphorization mechanism 40, secondary cleaning mechanism 50; Workpiece is accomplished the dephosphorization action with the mode of operation of consistentization; Especially, the vibrations material distributing machine 53 of secondary cleaning mechanism 50 more can directly be delivered to quenching furnance device 60 with the workpiece of accomplishing the dephosphorization operation and heat-treat operation, makes workpiece be able to successional processing; Not only make dephosphorization work smoothly smooth, more can improve processed output.
In graphic, some lines, ratio, component thickness etc. maybe be by exaggerative clear in the hope of showing; And used some component Name in this case specification sheets only is to name in order to narrate embodiment, can not limit this case with its meaning of word.Being only notebook invention described in this case specification sheets for presenting the embodiment or the embodiment of the technique means that adopted of dealing with problems, is not the scope that is used for limiting this case patent working.Be allly to conform to, or change and modify, be all this case claim and contain according to the equalization that this case claim is done with this case patent claim context.

Claims (5)

1. dephosphorization equipment is characterized in that: this equipment by wind pushing mechanism, wiper mechanism, degreasing mechanism, dephosphorization mechanism, and secondary cleaning mechanism constitute; This wind pushing mechanism is to deliver to blast tube in its hot gas drainage of quenching furnance device intercepting, and blast tube extends several air outlets, and this air outlet is arranged at the predetermined position, can the pending workpiece at the wind regime place of passing through be dried; This wiper mechanism comprises the vibrations hopper; This vibrations hopper is accepted pending workpiece; Vibrations hopper lower end is provided with a Rinsing Area, has stored clear water in the Rinsing Area, is provided with magnetic recording tape material conveying belt in the Rinsing Area; This magnetic recording tape material conveying belt lower end places the Rinsing Area bottom, and utilizes magnetic attraction that pending working parts strap upwards is delivered to degreasing mechanism from Rinsing Area; This degreasing mechanism comprises the automatic weighing platform; This automatic weighing platform is accepted the pending workpiece that the magnetic recording tape material conveying belt of a wiper mechanism is seen off; Automatic weighing platform lower end is provided with degreasing tank, has stored hot water in the degreasing tank, is provided with feeding conveying belt in the degreasing tank; This feeding conveying belt lower end is placed in the degreasing tank bottom, with the conveying that utilizes feeding conveying belt pending working parts strap upwards is delivered to dephosphorization mechanism from degreasing tank; This dephosphorization mechanism comprises the dephosphorization groove, and this dephosphorization front of the slot is provided with opening for feed, and end then is provided with discharge port; This opening for feed and discharge port top respectively are provided with an air curtain shower nozzle; This air curtain shower nozzle is connected with the blast tube of wind pushing mechanism, makes this air curtain shower nozzle see gas off and forms shielding, is injected with dephosphorization liquid in the dephosphorization groove; Be provided with the sprinkler head that several can spray dephosphorization liquid in the dephosphorization groove; Be provided with the screw feeding bar in the dephosphorization groove, this screw feeding bar receives the drive motor transmission and moves, and it is seen off pending workpiece to secondary cleaning mechanism by discharge port; This secondary cleaning mechanism comprises transport platform, and the conveying belt of this transport platform receives the transmission of drive motor and rotates, and the transport platform top is provided with the sprinkler head that several can spray clear water, and terminal then linking has the vibrations material distributing machine that the workpiece shake is seen off.
2. dephosphorization equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the air outlet of said wind pushing mechanism is arranged at ora terminalis on the feeding conveying belt of degreasing mechanism, and the transport platform of secondary cleaning mechanism top.
3. dephosphorization equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the hot water temperature who stores in the said degreasing mechanism is 55 ℃~85 ℃.
4. dephosphorization equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the in-house dephosphorization liquid temp of said dephosphorization is 60 ℃~80 ℃.
5. dephosphorization equipment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: said screw feeding bar is provided with screw-blade, is evenly equipped with hole on this screw-blade.
CN201010291279.5A 2010-09-26 2010-09-26 Dephosphorizing equipment Expired - Fee Related CN102409350B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010291279.5A CN102409350B (en) 2010-09-26 2010-09-26 Dephosphorizing equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010291279.5A CN102409350B (en) 2010-09-26 2010-09-26 Dephosphorizing equipment

Publications (2)

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CN102409350A true CN102409350A (en) 2012-04-11
CN102409350B CN102409350B (en) 2015-05-20

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102899675A (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-01-30 浙江晋吉汽车配件有限公司 Phosphor-washing device for high-strength bolt and technology
CN103264992A (en) * 2013-05-21 2013-08-28 高进明 Production method of industrial sodium sulphide and equipment adopted in production method
CN103341468A (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-10-09 浙江乍浦实业股份有限公司 Mesh belt conveying free falling type phosphorous removal combined groove
CN105350008A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 宁波敏达机电有限公司 Dephosphorization process of high-strength bolt
CN106245047A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 苏州新凌电炉有限公司 A kind of dephosphorization cleaning equipment

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101003048A (en) * 2006-12-06 2007-07-25 钟世雄 Rolling type multiple work position equipment for removing oil and removing phosphorus for work piece surface, and method therefor

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101003048A (en) * 2006-12-06 2007-07-25 钟世雄 Rolling type multiple work position equipment for removing oil and removing phosphorus for work piece surface, and method therefor

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102899675A (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-01-30 浙江晋吉汽车配件有限公司 Phosphor-washing device for high-strength bolt and technology
CN102899675B (en) * 2012-10-24 2014-07-23 浙江晋吉汽车配件有限公司 Phosphor-washing device for high-strength bolt and technology
CN103264992A (en) * 2013-05-21 2013-08-28 高进明 Production method of industrial sodium sulphide and equipment adopted in production method
CN103264992B (en) * 2013-05-21 2014-10-15 高进明 Production method of industrial sodium sulphide and equipment adopted in production method
CN103341468A (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-10-09 浙江乍浦实业股份有限公司 Mesh belt conveying free falling type phosphorous removal combined groove
CN105350008A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 宁波敏达机电有限公司 Dephosphorization process of high-strength bolt
CN105350008B (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-10-31 宁波敏达机电有限公司 High-strength bolt dephosphorization technique
CN106245047A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 苏州新凌电炉有限公司 A kind of dephosphorization cleaning equipment

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Granted publication date: 20150520

Termination date: 20160926