CN102389875A - Fruit grader - Google Patents

Fruit grader Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102389875A
CN102389875A CN2011103117865A CN201110311786A CN102389875A CN 102389875 A CN102389875 A CN 102389875A CN 2011103117865 A CN2011103117865 A CN 2011103117865A CN 201110311786 A CN201110311786 A CN 201110311786A CN 102389875 A CN102389875 A CN 102389875A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roll
spout
slide block
frame
fruit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2011103117865A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102389875B (en
Inventor
贾首星
郑炫
周艳
汤智辉
史建新
孟祥金
沈从举
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
Original Assignee
Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences filed Critical Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
Priority to CN 201110311786 priority Critical patent/CN102389875B/en
Publication of CN102389875A publication Critical patent/CN102389875A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102389875B publication Critical patent/CN102389875B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a fruit grader which comprises a frame (9), a transmission mechanism (2) and a feeding port (1). The fruit grader is characterized in that at least a pair of rollers (7) are arranged on the frame (9); the rollers (7) are vertically arranged on the frame (9) relative to the feeding port (1); an adjusting mechanism (6) for adjusting the distance between the two rollers (7) is arranged on two end parts of the rollers (7); an angle adjusting mechanism (11) is arranged on one end parts of the rollers (7); and at least two receiving hoppers (10) are arranged on a lower part between the rollers (7) along a length direction of the rollers (7). Compared with the prior art, the fruit grader has the advantages that the structure is simple, only one pair of rollers are used, the grading efficiency and the grading precision are high, the operation of the equipment is prevented from being influenced by the blocked dried fruit, damage of the dried fruit is small, the grading standard is easily adjusted and the operation is convenient.

Description

A kind of fruit classifier
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fruit classifier, especially relate to a kind of grader that is applied to fruit, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Present fresh and dried fruit grader mainly contains following four kinds: (1) round-hole mesh formula; (2) grid roller formula; (3) plane vibration sieve formula; (4) electromechanical integration formula classification.The phenomenon that dry fruit stops up sieve aperture appears in first method sometimes in the process of classification, especially when feed quantity is big; Second method, the classification inaccuracy, and the fruit damage ratio is high; The third method also is prone to result in blockage in practical operation, and effectiveness of classification is low; The 4th kind of method, effectiveness of classification is high, but cost is high.Above-mentioned split pole machine all exists classification to be difficult for the deficiency of regulating.
Chinese patent CN200910113563.0 accomplishes the variation in rolling bar gap jointly through the synchronous rotation of two power transmission shafts, and the dry fruit of different size is fallen in the rolling bar gap, carries out classification.
200420002759.5 adopt cylindrical bar shaped sieve cage according to ascending being linked in sequence of grating interbody spacer size, dry fruit is in addition classification when sieving cage.
200420084433.1 adopt the drum-type grader that is constituted by two frameworks and number rod member, during bar shaped sieve that the dry fruits of different sizes do not wait through each spacings, in addition classification of quilt.
Above-mentioned split pole device all exists because of dry fruit and is blocked or stop up the problem that influences operate as normal.
Summary of the invention
To the weak point that exists in the prior art; The invention provides a kind of simple in structure, classification efficiency is high, effectiveness of classification is high, can not influence equipment operation, low to the dry fruit degree of injury because of stopping up dry fruit, also regulates grade scale, easy to operate fruit grading plant simultaneously easily.
The objective of the invention is to realize: comprise frame (9), transmission mechanism (2), spout (1) through following technical scheme; Be characterized in that frame (9) is provided with at least one pair of roll body (7); This roll body (7) spout (1) relatively vertically is arranged on the frame (9); Roll body (7) both ends are provided with the governor motion (6) of regulating two roll bodies (7) spacing; One end of roll body (7) is provided with angle adjusting mechanism (11), and the bottom between two roll bodies (7) is provided with at least two receiving hoppers (10) along roll body (7) length direction.
As improvement; Preferably be provided with vibration feeder mechanism between one end of above-mentioned spout (1) and roll body (7) charging; This vibration feeder mechanism comprises drive motors, crank mechanism (2) and swing flitch (4); Said swing flitch (4) hangs on the frame (9) through fork, and frame (9), swing flitch (4) form the quadric chain of a parallelogram with fork, and an end of swing flitch (4) is connected with the swing arm of crank mechanism (2).
As improvement, above-mentioned spout (1) is located to be provided with and is deterred seben (12), is a horizontal plate or bar, is arranged between the end of spout (1) and roll body (7) charging.
Above-mentioned governor motion (6) is preferably adjustable diameter and screw adjusting mechanism; Comprise threaded rod (6-1), slideway (6-2) and slide block (6-3); Said slide block (6-3) is arranged in the slideway (6-2) and can moves along slideway (6-2); On the threaded rod (6-1) external screw thread is arranged, slide block (6-3) be provided with threaded rod (6-1) on the corresponding spline-simulating screw thread of external screw thread, on slide block (6-3), be provided with the bearing block (6-5) that roll body (7) is installed.
As improvement; On slide block (6-3) and bearing block (6-5) between preferably be provided with connector (6-4); This connector (6-4) is a circular cylinder; Be arranged on bearing block (6-5) or the slide block (6-3), slide block (6-3) or bearing block (6-5) are provided with corresponding cylindrical cylinder shape body, and just getting can level angle between slide block (6-3) and the bearing block (6-5).
Compared with prior art; The present invention is simple in structure; Only with one group to rolling, and classification efficiency is high, effectiveness of classification is high, can not influence equipment operation, low to the dry fruit degree of injury because of stopping up dry fruit, also has easy adjusting grade scale, easy to operate advantage simultaneously.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the embodiment of the invention 1 main structural representation of looking.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that Fig. 1 overlooks.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that Fig. 1 left side is looked.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that Fig. 1 right side is looked.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1 governor motion.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of Fig. 5 A-A section.
Shown in the figure: 1 does,
1 is spout, and 2 is crank mechanism, and 3 are the charging adjustable plate, and 4 are the swing flitch, and 5 is motor; 6 do, 6-1 is a threaded rod, and 6-2 is a slideway, and 6-3 is a slide block; 6-4 is a connector, and 6-5 is a bearing block, and 7 is roll body, and 8 is baffle plate; 9 is frame, and 10 is receiving hopper, and 11 is angle adjusting mechanism, and 12 for deterring seben.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1: with reference to accompanying drawing 1~6, and, be the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 1; Comprise frame 9, motor 5, transmission mechanism 2, spout 1, frame 9 is provided with at least one pair of roll body 7, and these roll body 7 relative spouts 1 vertically are arranged on the frame 9; Roll body 7 both ends are provided with the governor motion 6 of regulating two roll bodies, 7 spacings, and described governor motion 6 is an adjustable diameter and screw adjusting mechanism, comprises threaded rod 6-1, slideway 6-2 and slide block 6-3; Said slide block 6-3 is arranged among the slideway 6-2 and can moves along slideway 6-2, on the threaded rod 6-1 external screw thread is arranged, slide block 6-3 be provided with threaded rod 6-1 on the corresponding spline-simulating screw thread of external screw thread; On slide block 6-3, be provided with the bearing block 6-5 that roll body 7 is installed; On slide block 6-3 and bearing block 6-5 between be provided with connector 6-4, this connector 6-4 is a circular cylinder, is arranged on the bearing block 6-5; Slide block 6-3 is provided with corresponding cylindrical cylinder shape body; Just can level angle between slide block 6-3 and the bearing block 6-5, this connector 6-4 also can be arranged on the slide block 6-3, and on bearing block 6-5, is provided with corresponding cylindrical cylinder shape body.The rearward end of roll body 7 is provided with angle adjusting mechanism 11, is vertical screw rod and nut composition, and rotating screw cap can make roll body 7 rear ends raise or reduce.Be provided with vibration feeder mechanism between one end of described spout 1 and roll body 7 chargings; This vibration feeder mechanism comprises drive motors, crank mechanism 2 and swing flitch 4; Said swing flitch 4 hangs on the frame 9 through fork, and frame 9, swing flitch 4 and fork form the quadric chain of a parallelogram, and an end of swing flitch 4 is connected with the swing arm of crank mechanism 2; The top of swing flitch 4 also is provided with a vertical charging adjustable plate 3; Can control the amount of charging, also can with the material plain cloth on swing flitch 4, make charging more even simultaneously.Spout 1 place is provided with and deters seben 12, is a horizontal plate, is arranged between the end of spout 1 and roll body 7 chargings.Bottom between two roll bodies 7 is provided with 4 receiving hoppers 10 along roll body 7 length directions.
The course of work of the present invention and principle are following: fruit is sent into spout 1 through conveyer, and the vibration feeder mechanism under spout 1 is vibrated regularly, plays and shakeouts material, prevents packing phenomenon, evenly the effect of feeding.For effectively preventing clogged up with material, after vibration feeder, installed and deterred seben 4, when the porpoise of vibration feeder mechanism; Fruit falls between the roll body 7, and two roll bodies 4 are to inner rotary, because two roll bodies, 4 rear and front end spacings are different; Beloid; When fruit advanced the spacing position identical with the fruit size, fruit promptly fell into corresponding receiving hopper 10, reaches grading effect.

Claims (7)

1. fruit classifier; Comprise frame (9), transmission mechanism (2), spout (1); It is characterized in that: frame (9) is provided with at least one pair of roll body (7); This roll body (7) spout (1) relatively vertically is arranged on the frame (9); Roll body (7) both ends are provided with the governor motion (6) of regulating two roll bodies (7) spacing, and an end of roll body (7) is provided with angle adjusting mechanism (11), and the bottom between two roll bodies (7) is provided with at least two receiving hoppers (10) along roll body (7) length direction.
2. fruit classifier according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: be provided with vibration feeder mechanism between the end of described spout (1) and roll body (7) charging; This vibration feeder mechanism comprises drive motors, crank mechanism (2) and swing flitch (4); Said swing flitch (4) hangs on the frame (9) through fork; And frame (9), swing flitch (4) and fork form the quadric chain of a parallelogram, and an end of swing flitch (4) is connected with the swing arm of crank mechanism (2).
3. fruit classifier according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: described governor motion (6) is adjustable diameter and screw adjusting mechanism; Comprise threaded rod (6-1), slideway (6-2) and slide block (6-3); Said slide block (6-3) is arranged in the slideway (6-2) and can moves along slideway (6-2); On the threaded rod (6-1) external screw thread is arranged, slide block (6-3) be provided with threaded rod (6-1) on the corresponding spline-simulating screw thread of external screw thread, on slide block (6-3), be provided with the bearing block (6-5) that roll body (7) is installed.
4. fruit classifier according to claim 3; It is characterized in that: be provided with connector (6-4) between described slide block (6-3) and the bearing block (6-5); This connector (6-4) is a circular cylinder; Be arranged on bearing block (6-5) or the slide block (6-3), slide block (6-3) or bearing block (6-5) are provided with corresponding cylindrical cylinder shape body.
5. fruit classifier according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described spout (1) is located to be provided with and is deterred seben (12), is a horizontal plate or bar, is arranged between the end of spout (1) and roll body (7) charging.
6. fruit classifier according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described spout (1) is located to be provided with and is deterred seben (12), is a horizontal plate or bar, is arranged between the end of spout (1) and roll body (7) charging.
7. fruit classifier according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described spout (1) is located to be provided with and is deterred seben (12), is a horizontal plate or bar, is arranged between the end of spout (1) and roll body (7) charging.
CN 201110311786 2011-10-14 2011-10-14 Fruit grader Expired - Fee Related CN102389875B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110311786 CN102389875B (en) 2011-10-14 2011-10-14 Fruit grader

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110311786 CN102389875B (en) 2011-10-14 2011-10-14 Fruit grader

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102389875A true CN102389875A (en) 2012-03-28
CN102389875B CN102389875B (en) 2013-05-01

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102716856A (en) * 2012-07-02 2012-10-10 石河子市华农种子机械制造有限公司 Gravity seed cleaner
CN102716859A (en) * 2012-07-05 2012-10-10 新疆农垦科学院 Adjusting mechanism for roller clearance on fruit classifier
CN102878794A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-01-16 中国包装和食品机械总公司 Clearance adjusting mechanism for master rotors of double roller drier
CN103191867A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-10 新疆农业大学 Walnut classifier
CN103357569A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-10-23 山东万思顿农业产业园有限公司 Cashew nut grader
CN104030027A (en) * 2013-03-07 2014-09-10 河北农业大学 Scallop fixed time definite number sorting driving device
CN105195430A (en) * 2015-10-20 2015-12-30 无锡格莱德科技有限公司 Fruit sorting machine
CN106140600A (en) * 2015-04-08 2016-11-23 河北农业大学 A kind of spiral double roller scallop grading plants
CN112756244A (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-05-07 浙江农林大学 Torreya grandis is gathered with classified screening device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2006053A (en) * 1977-10-05 1979-05-02 Reed & Upton Inventions Ltd Improvements in and relating to vegetable grading apparatus
CN2845930Y (en) * 2005-08-03 2006-12-13 王兰生 Sieving device
CN201044918Y (en) * 2007-05-28 2008-04-09 朱震环 Steel ball sieving machine
CN201337987Y (en) * 2009-01-06 2009-11-04 新疆农业大学 Fresh and dried fruit grader
CN201799413U (en) * 2010-09-03 2011-04-20 凤阳县凤宝粮油食品有限公司 Gravity grading stone removing machine
CN202343468U (en) * 2011-10-14 2012-07-25 新疆农垦科学院 Fruit classifying machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2006053A (en) * 1977-10-05 1979-05-02 Reed & Upton Inventions Ltd Improvements in and relating to vegetable grading apparatus
CN2845930Y (en) * 2005-08-03 2006-12-13 王兰生 Sieving device
CN201044918Y (en) * 2007-05-28 2008-04-09 朱震环 Steel ball sieving machine
CN201337987Y (en) * 2009-01-06 2009-11-04 新疆农业大学 Fresh and dried fruit grader
CN201799413U (en) * 2010-09-03 2011-04-20 凤阳县凤宝粮油食品有限公司 Gravity grading stone removing machine
CN202343468U (en) * 2011-10-14 2012-07-25 新疆农垦科学院 Fruit classifying machine

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102716856A (en) * 2012-07-02 2012-10-10 石河子市华农种子机械制造有限公司 Gravity seed cleaner
CN102716859A (en) * 2012-07-05 2012-10-10 新疆农垦科学院 Adjusting mechanism for roller clearance on fruit classifier
CN102716859B (en) * 2012-07-05 2014-12-10 新疆农垦科学院 Adjusting mechanism for roller clearance on fruit classifier
CN102878794A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-01-16 中国包装和食品机械总公司 Clearance adjusting mechanism for master rotors of double roller drier
CN102878794B (en) * 2012-10-17 2014-08-27 中国包装和食品机械总公司 Clearance adjusting mechanism for master rotors of double roller drier
CN104030027A (en) * 2013-03-07 2014-09-10 河北农业大学 Scallop fixed time definite number sorting driving device
CN103191867A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-10 新疆农业大学 Walnut classifier
CN103357569A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-10-23 山东万思顿农业产业园有限公司 Cashew nut grader
CN106140600A (en) * 2015-04-08 2016-11-23 河北农业大学 A kind of spiral double roller scallop grading plants
CN105195430A (en) * 2015-10-20 2015-12-30 无锡格莱德科技有限公司 Fruit sorting machine
CN112756244A (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-05-07 浙江农林大学 Torreya grandis is gathered with classified screening device

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